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Nd2(CO3)3 · 8H2O
pale purple, light pink
2½ - 3
In allusion to the composition, containing lanthanide series elements with Neodymium (Nd) dominant.
Isostructural with:
This page provides mineralogical data about Lanthanite-(Nd).

Classification of Lanthanite-(Nd)

Approval Year:

C : Carbonates without additional anions, with H2O
C : With rare earth elements (REE)

4 : AmBn(XO3)p·xH2O, with (m+n):p < 1:1

11 : Carbonates
8 : Carbonates of the rare earths

Physical Properties of Lanthanite-(Nd)

pale purple, light pink
Hardness (Mohs):
2½ - 3

Optical Data of Lanthanite-(Nd)

Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.532 nβ = 1.590 nγ = 1.614
Measured: 61° , Calculated: 62°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.082
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:

Chemical Properties of Lanthanite-(Nd)

IMA Formula:
Nd2(CO3)3 · 8H2O
Elements listed in formula:

Crystallography of Lanthanite-(Nd)

Crystal System:

Type Occurrence of Lanthanite-(Nd)

Relationship of Lanthanite-(Nd) to other Species

5.CC.05Donnayite-(Y)NaSr3CaY(CO3)6 · 3H2O
5.CC.05EwalditeBa(Na,Ca,Y,Ce,K)(CO3)2 · 2.6H2O
5.CC.05Mckelveyite-(Nd)(Ba,Sr)(Nd,Ce,La)(CO3)2 · 4-10H2O
5.CC.05Mckelveyite-(Y)NaBa3(Ca,U)Y(CO3)6 · 3H2O
5.CC.05WeloganiteNa2Sr3Zr(CO3)6 · 3H2O
5.CC.10Tengerite-(Y)Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2O
5.CC.15Kimuraite-(Y)CaY2(CO3)4 · 6H2O
5.CC.15Lokkaite-(Y)CaY4(CO3)7 · 9H2O
5.CC.20Shomiokite-(Y)Na3Y(CO3)3 · 3H2O
5.CC.25Calkinsite-(Ce)Ce2(CO3)3 · 4H2O
5.CC.25Lanthanite-(Ce)Ce2(CO3)3 · 8H2O
5.CC.25Lanthanite-(La)La2(CO3)3 · 8H2O
5.CC.30Adamsite-(Y)NaY(CO3)2 · 6H2O
5.CC.35Decrespignyite-(Y)Y4Cu(CO3)4Cl(OH)5 · 2H2O
5.CC.40Galgenbergite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)4 · H2O
11.8.1Calkinsite-(Ce)Ce2(CO3)3 · 4H2O
11.8.2Lanthanite-(La)La2(CO3)3 · 8H2O
11.8.3Lanthanite-(Ce)Ce2(CO3)3 · 8H2O
11.8.9Tengerite-(Y)Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2O
11.8.10Kimuraite-(Y)CaY2(CO3)4 · 6H2O
11.8.11Lokkaite-(Y)CaY4(CO3)7 · 9H2O
11.8.12Calcioancylite-(Nd)Nd2.8Ca1.2(CO3)4(OH)3 · H2O
11.8.16Donnayite-(Y)NaSr3CaY(CO3)6 · 3H2O
11.8.18Ancylite-(Ce)CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
11.8.19EwalditeBa(Na,Ca,Y,Ce,K)(CO3)2 · 2.6H2O
11.8.20Mckelveyite-(Y)NaBa3(Ca,U)Y(CO3)6 · 3H2O

Other Names for Lanthanite-(Nd)

Name in Other Languages:

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Lanthanite-(Nd)

Reference List:
Berzelius (1825) Zeitschrift für Min.: 2: 209 (as Kohlensaures Cereroxydul).

Berzelius (1824) Svenska Vetenskapsakademien, Stockholm, Handlingar: 134 (as Kohlensaures Cereroxydul).

Hisinger, W. (1826) Versuch einer mineralogischen Geographie von Schweden. Translated by F. Wöhler. Leipzig: 144 (as Kohlensaures Ceroxydul).

Dana, J.D. (1837) System of Mineralogy, 1st. edition, New Haven: 206 (as Carbonate of Cerium).

Beudant, F.S. (1832), Trailé élémentaire de Minéralogie, second edition, 2 volumes: 2: 354 (Carbocérine).

Hartman (1843) Min.: 2: 816 (as Hydrocerit).

Dufrénoy, A. (1845) Traité de minéralogie, Vol. 2: 377 (as Cérium carbonaté).

Haidinger, Wm. (1845a) Handbuch der bestimmenden Mineralogie. Vienna: 500 (as Lanthanit).

Glocker, E.F. (1847) Generum et specierum mineralien secundum ordines naturals digestorum synopsis. Halle: 248 (as Hydrolanthanite).

Blake (1853) American Journal of Science: 16: 228 (as Crystallized Carbonate of Lanthanum).

Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: Halides, Nitrates, Borates, Carbonates, Sulfates, Phosphates, Arsenates, Tungstates, Molybdates, Etc. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 241-243.

American Mineralogist (1981): 66: 637-638.

Internet Links for Lanthanite-(Nd) URL:
Please feel free to link to this page.

Localities for Lanthanite-(Nd)

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
  • Minas Gerais
    • Poços de Caldas alkaline complex
      • Caldas
Waber (1991)
  • Paraná
American Mineralogist (1981): 66: 637-638.; Roberts, A.C., Chao, G.Y. and Cesbron, F. (1980): Lanthanite-(Nd), a new mineral from Curitiba, Parana, Brazil. Geol. Survey Canada Paper 80-lC, l4l-142.
      • Bacacheri
Type Mineralogy of Brazil, Daniel Atencio
  • São Paulo
Coimbra A M, Coutinho J M V, Atencio D, Iwanuch W (1989) Lanthanite–(Nd) from Santa Isabel, State of São Paulo: second Brazilian and world occurrence, The Canadian Mineralogist, 27, 119-123
  • Saxony-Anhalt
    • Harz
      • Harzgerode mining district
        • Straßberg
Gröbner, J., Hajek, W., Junker, R. & Nikoleizig, J. (2011): Neue Mineralschätze des Harzes. Papierflieger Verlag GmbH, Clausthal-Zellerfeld, Germany, 127 pp.
  • Kyushu Region
    • Saga Prefecture
      • Karatsu City (Higashi-Matsuura-gun)
        • Hizen-cho
American Mineralogist: 71(7-8): 1028-1033.
Miyawaki R, Matsubara S, Yokoyama K, Iwano S, Hamasaki K, Yukinori I (2003) Kozoite-(La), La(CO3)(OH), a new mineral from Mitsukoshi, Hizen-cho, Saga Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences 98, 137-141
Miyawaki, R., Matsubara, S., Yokoyama, K., Takeuchi, K., Terada, Y., & Nakai, I. (2000). Kozoite-(Nd), Nd (CO3)(OH), a new mineral in an alkali olivine basalt from Hizen-cho, Saga Prefecture, Japan. American Mineralogist, 85(7-8), 1076-1081.
New Zealand
  • North Island
    • Waikato
      • Thames-Coromandel
        • Whitianga
Graham, I.T., Pogson, R.E.,Colchester, D.M., Hergt, J. Martin, R. & Williams, P.A. (2007): Pink Lanthanite-(Nd) from Whitianga Quarry, Coromandel Peninsula, New Zealand. Canadian Mineralogist. 45: 1389-1396
  • Aust-Agder
    • Evje og Hornnes
Husdal, T. (2009): Ancylittmineraler i Norge. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift 41, 33 - 42
  • Far-Eastern Region
    • Primorskiy Kray
      • Khanka Lake
V.V. Seredin data
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