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Lanthanite-(Nd)

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Formula:
(Nd,La)2(CO3)3 · 8H2O
Colour:
pale purple, light pink
Hardness:
2½ - 3
Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Name:
In allusion to the composition, containing lanthanide series elements with Neodymium (Nd) dominant.
Isostructural with:
This page provides mineralogical data about Lanthanite-(Nd).


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Classification of Lanthanite-(Nd)Hide

Approved
Approval Year:
1979
5.CC.25

5 : CARBONATES (NITRATES)
C : Carbonates without additional anions, with H2O
C : With rare earth elements (REE)
15.4.2.2

15 : HYDRATED NORMAL CARBONATES
4 : AmBn(XO3)p·xH2O, with (m+n):p < 1:1
11.8.4

11 : Carbonates
8 : Carbonates of the rare earths

Physical Properties of Lanthanite-(Nd)Hide

Colour:
pale purple, light pink
Streak:
white
Hardness:
2½ - 3 on Mohs scale
Cleavage:
Perfect

Optical Data of Lanthanite-(Nd)Hide

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.532 nβ = 1.590 nγ = 1.614
2V:
Measured: 61° , Calculated: 62°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.082
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
medium

Chemical Properties of Lanthanite-(Nd)Hide

Formula:
(Nd,La)2(CO3)3 · 8H2O
IMA Formula:
Nd2(CO3)3 · 8H2O

Crystallography of Lanthanite-(Nd)Hide

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic

Type Occurrence of Lanthanite-(Nd)Hide

Synonyms of Lanthanite-(Nd)Hide

Other Language Names for Lanthanite-(Nd)Hide

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

5.CC.05Donnayite-(Y)NaCaSr3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2OTric. 1 : P1
5.CC.05EwalditeBa(Na,Ca,Y,Ce,K)(CO3)2 · 2.6H2OHex. 6mm
5.CC.05Mckelveyite-(Nd)(Ba,Sr)(Nd,Ce,La)(CO3)2 · 4-10H2OTric.
5.CC.05Mckelveyite-(Y)NaCaBa3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2OTric. 1 : P1
5.CC.05WeloganiteNa2Sr3Zr(CO3)6 · 3H2OTric. 1 : P1
5.CC.10Tengerite-(Y)Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
5.CC.15Kimuraite-(Y)Ca(Y,Nd)2(CO3)4 · 6H2OOrth.
5.CC.15Lokkaite-(Y)Ca(Y,Gd,Nd,Dy)4(CO3)7 · 9H2OOrth.
5.CC.20Shomiokite-(Y)Na3Y[CO3]3 · 3H2OOrth.
5.CC.25Calkinsite-(Ce)(Ce,La)2(CO3)3 · 4H2OOrth.
5.CC.25Lanthanite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Nd)2(CO3)3 · 8H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.CC.25Lanthanite-(La)(La,Ce)2(CO3)3 · 8H2OOrth.
5.CC.30Adamsite-(Y)NaY[CO3]2 · 6H2OTric. 1 : P1
5.CC.35Decrespignyite-(Y)Cu(Y,REE)4(CO3)4(OH)5Cl · 2H2OMon.
5.CC.40Galgenbergite-(Ce)Ca(Ce,La,Nd)2(CO3)4 · H2OTric.

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

15.4.2.1Lanthanite-(La)(La,Ce)2(CO3)3 · 8H2OOrth.
15.4.2.3Lanthanite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Nd)2(CO3)3 · 8H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

11.8.1Calkinsite-(Ce)(Ce,La)2(CO3)3 · 4H2OOrth.
11.8.2Lanthanite-(La)(La,Ce)2(CO3)3 · 8H2OOrth.
11.8.3Lanthanite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Nd)2(CO3)3 · 8H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
11.8.5Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)(OH)Hex. 6 : P6
11.8.6Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Nd)Nd(CO3)(OH)Hex.
11.8.7Hydroxylbastnäsite-(La)(La,Nd,Ce)(CO3)(OH,F)Hex.
11.8.8Rémondite-(Ce)Na3(Ce,La,Ca,Na,Sr)3(CO3)5Mon. 2 : P21
11.8.9Tengerite-(Y)Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
11.8.10Kimuraite-(Y)Ca(Y,Nd)2(CO3)4 · 6H2OOrth.
11.8.11Lokkaite-(Y)Ca(Y,Gd,Nd,Dy)4(CO3)7 · 9H2OOrth.
11.8.12Calcioancylite-(Nd)Ca(Nd,La,Ce)(CO3)2(OH).H2OMon. m : Pm
11.8.13Calcioancylite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Sr)Ce(CO3)(OH,H2O)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
11.8.14Burbankite(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5Hex. 6mm : P63mc
11.8.15Khanneshite(Na,Ca)3(Ba,Sr,Ce,Ca)3(CO3)5Hex.
11.8.16Donnayite-(Y)NaCaSr3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2OTric. 1 : P1
11.8.17Carbocernaite(Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO3)2Orth. mm2
11.8.18Ancylite-(Ce)CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
11.8.19EwalditeBa(Na,Ca,Y,Ce,K)(CO3)2 · 2.6H2OHex. 6mm
11.8.20Mckelveyite-(Y)NaCaBa3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2OTric. 1 : P1
11.8.21Sahamalite-(Ce)(Mg,Fe)(Ce,La,Nd)2(CO3)4Mon. 2/m : P21/b

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Lanthanite-(Nd)Hide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Berzelius (1825) Zeitschrift für Min.: 2: 209 (as Kohlensaures Cereroxydul).
Berzelius (1824) Svenska Vetenskapsakademien, Stockholm, Handlingar: 134 (as Kohlensaures Cereroxydul).
Hisinger, W. (1826) Versuch einer mineralogischen Geographie von Schweden. Translated by F. Wöhler. Leipzig: 144 (as Kohlensaures Ceroxydul).
Dana, J.D. (1837) System of Mineralogy, 1st. edition, New Haven: 206 (as Carbonate of Cerium).
Beudant, F.S. (1832), Trailé élémentaire de Minéralogie, second edition, 2 volumes: 2: 354 (Carbocérine).
Hartman (1843) Min.: 2: 816 (as Hydrocerit).
Dufrénoy, A. (1845) Traité de minéralogie, Vol. 2: 377 (as Cérium carbonaté).
Haidinger, Wm. (1845a) Handbuch der bestimmenden Mineralogie. Vienna: 500 (as Lanthanit).
Glocker, E.F. (1847) Generum et specierum mineralien secundum ordines naturals digestorum synopsis. Halle: 248 (as Hydrolanthanite).
Blake (1853) American Journal of Science: 16: 228 (as Crystallized Carbonate of Lanthanum).
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: Halides, Nitrates, Borates, Carbonates, Sulfates, Phosphates, Arsenates, Tungstates, Molybdates, Etc. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 241-243.
American Mineralogist (1981): 66: 637-638.

Internet Links for Lanthanite-(Nd)Hide

Localities for Lanthanite-(Nd)Hide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Brazil
 
  • Minas Gerais
    • Poços de Caldas alkaline complex
      • Caldas
Waber (1991)
  • Paraná
American Mineralogist (1981): 66: 637-638.; Roberts, A.C., Chao, G.Y. and Cesbron, F. (1980): Lanthanite-(Nd), a new mineral from Curitiba, Parana, Brazil. Geol. Survey Canada Paper 80-lC, l4l-142.
      • Bacacheri
Type Mineralogy of Brazil, Daniel Atencio
  • São Paulo
Coimbra A M, Coutinho J M V, Atencio D, Iwanuch W (1989) Lanthanite–(Nd) from Santa Isabel, State of São Paulo: second Brazilian and world occurrence, The Canadian Mineralogist, 27, 119-123
Germany
 
  • Saxony-Anhalt
    • Harz
      • Harzgerode mining district
        • Straßberg
Gröbner, J., Hajek, W., Junker, R. & Nikoleizig, J. (2011): Neue Mineralschätze des Harzes. Papierflieger Verlag GmbH, Clausthal-Zellerfeld, Germany, 127 pp.
Japan
 
  • Kyushu Region
    • Saga Prefecture
      • Karatsu City (Higashi-Matsuura-gun)
        • Hizen-cho
American Mineralogist: 71(7-8): 1028-1033.
Miyawaki R, Matsubara S, Yokoyama K, Iwano S, Hamasaki K, Yukinori I (2003) Kozoite-(La), La(CO3)(OH), a new mineral from Mitsukoshi, Hizen-cho, Saga Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences 98, 137-141
Miyawaki, R., Matsubara, S., Yokoyama, K., Takeuchi, K., Terada, Y., & Nakai, I. (2000). Kozoite-(Nd), Nd (CO3)(OH), a new mineral in an alkali olivine basalt from Hizen-cho, Saga Prefecture, Japan. American Mineralogist, 85(7-8), 1076-1081.
New Zealand
 
  • North Island
    • Waikato
      • Thames-Coromandel
        • Whitianga
Graham, I.T., Pogson, R.E.,Colchester, D.M., Hergt, J. Martin, R. & Williams, P.A. (2007): Pink Lanthanite-(Nd) from Whitianga Quarry, Coromandel Peninsula, New Zealand. Canadian Mineralogist. 45: 1389-1396
Norway
 
  • Aust-Agder
    • Evje og Hornnes
Husdal, T. (2009): Ancylittmineraler i Norge. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift 41, 33 - 42
Russia
 
  • Far-Eastern Region
    • Primorskiy Kray
      • Khanka Lake
V.V. Seredin data
Mineral and/or Locality  
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