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Anglesite

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Formula:
PbSO4
Colour:
Colorless to white, often tinted grey, yellow, green or blue; colourless in transmitted light.
Lustre:
Adamantine, Vitreous, Resinous
Hardness:
2½ - 3
Specific Gravity:
6.37 - 6.39
Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Member of:
Name:
Named in 1832 by Francois Sulpice Beudant for the type locality, the Parys Mine on the Island of Anglesey (Ynys Môn) in Wales, U.K.
Isostructural with:
Baryte Group.

Along with cerussite, the most common secondary lead mineral.

Visit gemdat.org for gemological information about Anglesite.


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Classification of AnglesiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
7.AD.35

7 : SULFATES (selenates, tellurates, chromates, molybdates, wolframates)
A : Sulfates (selenates, etc.) without additional anions, without H2O
D : With only large cations
Dana 7th ed.:
28.3.1.3
28.3.1.3

28 : ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
3 : AXO4
25.7.3

25 : Sulphates
7 : Sulphates of Pb

Pronounciation of AnglesiteHide

Pronounciation:
PlayRecorded byCountry
Jolyon & Katya RalphUnited Kingdom

Physical Properties of AnglesiteHide

Adamantine, Vitreous, Resinous
Transparency:
Transparent, Translucent, Opaque
Colour:
Colorless to white, often tinted grey, yellow, green or blue; colourless in transmitted light.
Streak:
Colorless
Hardness:
2½ - 3 on Mohs scale
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Distinct/Good
Good on {001}, distinct on {201}; on {010} in traces.
Parting:
Translation gliding and twin gliding occur (as in Baryte)
Fracture:
Conchoidal
Density:
6.37 - 6.39 g/cm3 (Measured)    6.36 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of AnglesiteHide

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.878 nβ = 1.883 nγ = 1.895
2V:
Measured: 75° , Calculated: 68°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.017
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High
Dispersion:
relatively strong

Chemical Properties of AnglesiteHide

Formula:
PbSO4
Common Impurities:
Ba,Cu

Crystallography of AnglesiteHide

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):
mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) - Dipyramidal
Space Group:
Pnma
Cell Parameters:
a = 8.48 Å, b = 5.39 Å, c = 6.95 Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 1.573 : 1 : 1.289
Unit Cell V:
317.67 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Morphology:
Crystals frequently thin to thick tabular {001}, commonly with {210}, {101} and rhomboidal in outline. Also extended [100] or [010] at times. Prismatic [001] with large {210} and vertically striated; prismatic [100], with large {011}; stout prismatic [010], with {101}, {102}; tabular {100}; equant or pyramidal with {111}, {211} or otherwise. {100} and {210} commonly striated [001]. Massive; granular to compact; nodular; stalactitic.
Twinning:
None observed.

Crystallographic forms of AnglesiteHide

Crystal Atlas:
Image Loading
Click on an icon to view
Anglesite no.2 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Anglesite no.3 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Anglesite no.4 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Anglesite no.48 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Anglesite no.50 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Anglesite no.76 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Anglesite no.102 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Anglesite no.160 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Anglesite no.166 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Anglesite no.169 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Anglesite no.177 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Anglesite no.402 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
3d models and HTML5 code kindly provided by www.smorf.nl.

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Edge Lines | Miller Indicies | Axes

Transparency
Opaque | Translucent | Transparent

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Along a-axis | Along b-axis | Along c-axis | Start rotation | Stop rotation

Epitaxial Relationships of AnglesiteHide

Epitaxial Minerals:
GalenaPbS
BaryteBaSO4
Epitaxy Comments:
Anglesite on baryte in parallel position. Also with galena.

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Type Occurrence of AnglesiteHide

Synonyms of AnglesiteHide

Other Language Names for AnglesiteHide

Varieties of AnglesiteHide

Argentiferous AnglesiteA silver-bearing variety of anglesite.
BarytoanglesiteA barian variety of Anglesite.
Cuprian AnglesiteA variety of anglesite containing copper; possibly a mixture.

Relationship of Anglesite to other SpeciesHide

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
CelestineSrSO4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
HashemiteBa(CrO4)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
Forms a series with:

Common AssociatesHide

CerussitePbCO3
GalenaPbS
GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
LanarkitePb2(SO4)O
LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
MassicotPbO
MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
SulphurS8
WulfenitePb(MoO4)
Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Galena275 photos of Anglesite associated with Galena on mindat.org.
Cerussite178 photos of Anglesite associated with Cerussite on mindat.org.
Linarite79 photos of Anglesite associated with Linarite on mindat.org.
Quartz56 photos of Anglesite associated with Quartz on mindat.org.
Caledonite41 photos of Anglesite associated with Caledonite on mindat.org.
Malachite37 photos of Anglesite associated with Malachite on mindat.org.
Azurite36 photos of Anglesite associated with Azurite on mindat.org.
Brochantite29 photos of Anglesite associated with Brochantite on mindat.org.
Sulphur29 photos of Anglesite associated with Sulphur on mindat.org.
Boleite26 photos of Anglesite associated with Boleite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

7.AD.CalciolangbeiniteK2Ca2(SO4)3 Iso. 2 3 : P21 3
7.AD.05ArcaniteK2SO4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
7.AD.05Mascagnite(NH4)2SO4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
7.AD.10MercalliteKHSO4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
7.AD.15MiseniteK8H6(SO4)7Mon.
7.AD.20Letovicite(NH4)3H(SO4)2Tric.
7.AD.25GlauberiteNa2Ca(SO4)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
7.AD.30AnhydriteCaSO4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
7.AD.35BaryteBaSO4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
7.AD.35CelestineSrSO4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
7.AD.35OlsacheritePb2(SeO4)(SO4)Orth.
7.AD.40KalistrontiteK2Sr(SO4)2Trig.
7.AD.40Palmierite(K,Na)2Pb(SO4)2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

28.3.1.1BaryteBaSO4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
28.3.1.2CelestineSrSO4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

25.7.1SchaurteiteCa3Ge(SO4)2(OH)6 · 4H2OHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
25.7.2Zircosulfate(Zr,Ti)(SO4)2 · 4H2OOrth.
25.7.4LanarkitePb2(SO4)OMon. 2/m : B2/m
25.7.5Palmierite(K,Na)2Pb(SO4)2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
25.7.6LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/m
25.7.7ElyitePb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2OMon. 2/m
25.7.8ChenitePb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6Tric. 1 : P1
25.7.9OsarizawaitePb(Al2Cu2+)(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
25.7.10ItoitePb3Ge4+(SO4)2O2(OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
25.7.11FleischeritePb3Ge(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2OHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
25.7.12Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
25.7.13PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m

Fluorescence of AnglesiteHide

Shades of yellow and golden-yellow (UV).

Other InformationHide

Thermal Behaviour:
Inverts to a monoclinic polymorph at about 864°C. Decomposes between 900°C and 1000°C.
Health Risks:
Contains lead. Do not grind dry or inhale the dust. Wash hands after handling.
Industrial Uses:
Ore of lead.

Anglesite in petrologyHide

An essential component of rock names highlighted in red, an accessory component in rock names highlighted in green.

References for AnglesiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Monnet (1779) System of Mineralogy: 371. [as Vitriol de Plomb]
Bergmann, T. (1782) Sciagraphia regni mineralis: 116. [as Plumbum acido vitriolico mineralisatum]
Proust (1787) Lettre de M. Proust a M. De La Métherie, sur le borax. Journal de Physique - Observations sur la Physique, sur L'Histoire Naturelle, et sur les Arts, Paris: 30: 393-396. [as Vitriol de Plomb]
Lasius (1789) Beob. Harzgeb.: 2: 355. [as Bleiglas]
Karsten, D.L.G. (1791) Tabellarische Übersicht der mineralogisch-einfachen Fossilien. Berlin: 24.
Klaproth, M.H. (1802) Untersuchung der schwefelsauren Bleierze von Anglesea. Beiträge zur chemischen Kenntniss der Mineralkörper, Dritter Band, Rottmann Berlin, 162-164.
Beudant, F.S. (1832) Anglesite, plomb sulfaté. Trailé élémentaire de Minéralogie, second edition, 2 volumes: 2: 459.
von Koksharov, N. (1853) Materialien zur Mineralogie Russlands. 11 volumes with atlas: vol. 1: 34.
Lang (1859) Königliche Akademie der Wissenschaften, Sitzungsberichte, Vienna: 36: 241.
Arzruni (1877) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 1: 186.
Cumenge (1892) in: Lacroix Bull. Muséum national d’histoire naturelle: 42. [as Bouglisite]
Dana, E.S. (1892) System of Mineralogy, 6th. Edition, New York: 907.
Hermann (1904) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 39: 463.
Samoiloff (1904) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 45: 122.
Kolbeck (1907) Plattner's Probierk. m.d. Lötr., 7th edition, Leipzig: 241, 253. [as Weisbachit]
Barker (1908) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 45: 14.
Kruse (1909) Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paleontologie, Beil.-Bd., Heidelberg, Stuttgart: 27: 541.
Kolb (1911) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 49: 14.
Tacconi (1911) Instituto Lombardo di Scienze e Lettere, Milan, Rendus.
Cesàro (1912) Société géologique de Belgique, Liége, Mémoires: 39: 239.
Dürrfeld (1912) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 50: 585.
Goldschmidt, V. (1913) Atlas der Krystallformen. 9 volumes, atlas, and text: vol. 1: 41.
Kraus, Peck (1916) Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paleontologie, Heidelberg, Stuttgart: II: 17.
Shannon (1919) American Journal of Science: 47: 287.
Ehringhaus and Rose (1923) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 58: 460.
Maier (1923) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 58: 89.
Niggli (1923) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 59: 266.
Ungemach (1923) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 58: 163.
Billows (1924) Atti. Accad. Ven.-Trent.-Istr., Padova: 14: 82.
Hlawatsch (1925) Annalen des kaiserlich-königlichen naturhistorischen Hofmuseums Wien: 38: 19.
Wood, J. (1925) Proceedings of the Royal Society of London: 109A: 598.
Basche, M. (1926) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 64: 1.
Shannon, S. (1926) National Museum Bulletin: 131: 444.
Hintze, C. (1929) Handbuch der Mineralogie. Berlin and Leipzig. 6 volumes: 1(3B): 3962.
Heide (1931) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 78: 257.
Himmel, Schroeder (1935) Centralblatt für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paleontologie, Stuttgart: 114.
Saldanha (1938) Bol. Univ. São Paulo: 8, no. 1.
Ramdohr (1947) Abh. deutsch. Ak. Wiss. Berlin, no. 4: 1. [Barytoanglesite]
Palache, C., Berman, H., and Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 420-424.
Blount, C.W. (1974) Synthesis of barite, celestite, anglesite, witherite, and strontianite from aqueous solutions. American Mineralogist: 59: 1209-1219.
Miyake, M., Minato, I., Morikawa, H., and Iwai, S.I. (1978) Crystal structure and sulphate force constants of barite, celestite, and anglesite. American Mineralogist: 63: 506-510.
Nikolic, P.M., Mihajlovic, P., and Todorovic, D.M. (1996) Far infrared and infrared properties of single crystal anglesite. Spectrochimica Acta Part A-Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy: 52: 131-137.
Jacobsen S.D., Smyth J.R., Swope R.J., and Downs R.T. (1998) Rigid-body character of the SO4 groups in celestine, anglesite and barite. The Canadian Mineralogist: 36: 1053-1060.
Majzlan, J., Navrotsky, A., and Neil, J.M. (2002) Energetics of anhydrite, barite, celestine, and anglesite: a high-temperature and differential scanning calorimetry study. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta: 66: 1839-1850.
Frost, R.L., Kloprogge, J.T., and Williams, P.A. (2003) Raman spectroscopy of lead sulphate-carbonate minerals - implications for hydrogen bonding. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte: 529-542.
Lane, M.D. (2007) Mid-infrared emission spectroscopy of sulfate and sulfate-bearing minerals. American Mineralogist: 92: 1-18.
Jehlička, J., Vítek, P., Edwards, H.G.M., Hargreaves, M.D., and Čapoun, T. (2009) Fast detection of sulphate minerals (gypsum, anglesite, baryte) by a portable Raman spectrometer. Journal of Raman Spectroscopy: 40: 1082-1086.
Antao, S.M. (2012) Structural trends for celestite (SrSO4), anglesite (PbSO4), and barite (BaSO4): confirmation of expected variations within SO4 groups. American Mineralogist: 97: 661-665.
Kei, M.F. and Markl, G. (2015) Weathering of galena: mineralogical processes, hydrogeochemical fluid path modeling, and estimation of the growth rate of pyromorphite. American Mineralogist: 100: 1584-1594.

Internet Links for AnglesiteHide

Localities for AnglesiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListShow