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Laurite

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Formula:
RuS2
System:
Isometric
Colour:
Black
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
7 - 7½
Member of:
Name:
Named by Wöhler as a compliment to the wife of a personal friend.: For Laura R. Joy, wife of Charles A. Joy, American chemist, Columbia University, New York City, USA.

Classification of Laurite

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
2/D.17-100
2.EB.05a

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
E : Metal Sulfides, M: S <= 1:2
B : M:S = 1:2, with Fe, Co, Ni, PGE, etc.
2.12.1.10

2 : SULFIDES
12 : AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
3.12.2

3 : Sulphides, Selenides, Tellurides, Arsenides and Bismuthides (except the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au, which are included in Section 1)
12 : Sulphides etc. of the platinum metals

Physical Properties of Laurite

Metallic
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Opaque
Colour:
Black
Streak:
Dark grey
Hardness (Mohs):
7 - 7½
Hardness (Vickers):
VHN25=2870 kg/mm2
Tenacity:
Very brittle
Cleavage:
Perfect
{111}
Fracture:
Sub-Conchoidal
Density:
6.43 g/cm3 (Measured)    6.39 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of Laurite

Type:
Isotropic
Colour in reflected light:
white to gray, bluish

Chemical Properties of Laurite

Formula:
RuS2
Elements listed in formula:
Common Impurities:
Os,Rh,Ir,Fe

Crystallography of Laurite

Crystal System:
Isometric
Class (H-M):
m3 (2/m 3) - Diploidal
Space Group:
Pa3
Space Group Setting:
Pa3
Cell Parameters:
a = 5.6135 Å
Unit Cell Volume:
V 176.89 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4
Morphology:
octahedral, cubic, and pyritohedral crystals, rounded grains
Comment:
Pa-3
X-Ray Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
2.81 (vs)
3.29 (vs)
3.24 (s)
1.982 (s)
1.082 (s)
1.287 (ms)
1.256 (ms)

Occurrences of Laurite

Type Occurrence of Laurite

Relationship of Laurite to other Species

Series:
Forms a series with Erlichmanite (see here)
Member of:
Other Members of Group:
2.EB.05aAurostibiteAuSb2
2.EB.05bBambollaiteCu(Se,Te)2
2.EB.05aCattieriteCoS2
2.EB.05aErlichmaniteOsS2
2.EB.05aFukuchiliteCu3FeS8
2.EB.05aGeversitePtSb2
2.EB.05aHaueriteMnS2
2.EB.05aInsizwaitePtBi2
2.EB.05aKrut'aiteCuSe2
2.EB.05aPenroseiteNiSe2
2.EB.05aPyriteFeS2
2.EB.05aSperrylitePtAs2
2.EB.05aTrogtaliteCoSe2
2.EB.05aVaesiteNiS2
2.EB.05aVillamaniniteCuS2
2.EB.05aDzharkeniteFeSe2
2.EB.05aGaotaiiteIr3Te8
2.EB.10bAlloclasiteCoAsS
2.EB.10dCostibiteCoSbS
2.EB.10aFerroseliteCoSe2
2.EB.10aFrohbergiteFeTe2
2.EB.10cGlaucodotCo0.5Fe0.5AsS
2.EB.10aKulleruditeNiSe2
2.EB.10aMarcasiteFeS2
2.EB.10aMattagamiteCoTe2
2.EB.10eParacostibiteCoSbS
2.EB.10ePararammelsbergiteNiAs2
2.EB.10fOeniteCoSbAs
2.EB.15aAnduoiteRuAs2
2.EB.15aClinosaffloriteCoAs2
2.EB.15aLöllingiteFeAs2
2.EB.15aNisbiteNiSb2
2.EB.15aOmeiiteOsAs2
2.EB.15cPaxiteCuAs2
2.EB.15aRammelsbergiteNiAs2
2.EB.15aSaffloriteCoAs2
2.EB.15bSeinäjokiteFeSb2
2.EB.20ArsenopyriteFeAsS
2.EB.20GudmunditeFeSbS
2.EB.20OsarsiteOsAsS
2.EB.20RuarsiteRuAsS
2.EB.25CobaltiteCoAsS
2.EB.25GersdorffiteNiAsS
2.EB.25HollingworthiteRhAsS
2.EB.25IrarsiteIrAsS
2.EB.25JolliffeiteNiAsSe
2.EB.25KrutoviteNiAs2
2.EB.25MaslovitePtBiTe
2.EB.25MicheneritePdBiTe
2.EB.25PadmaitePdBiSe
2.EB.25PlatarsitePtAsS
2.EB.25TestibiopalladitePdTe(Sb,Te)
2.EB.25TolovkiteIrSbS
2.EB.25UllmanniteNiSbS
2.EB.25WillyamiteCoSbS
2.EB.25ChangchengiteIrBiS
2.EB.25MayingiteIrBiTe
2.EB.25Hollingsworthite(Rh,Pt,Pd)AsS
2.EB.25KalungaitePdAsSe
2.EB.25MilotaitePdSbSe
2.EB.30UrvantsevitePd(Bi,Pb)2
2.EB.35RheniiteReS2
3.12.1SeinäjokiteFeSb2
3.12.3Ruthenarsenite(Ru,Ni)As
3.12.4AnduoiteRuAs2
3.12.5RuarsiteRuAsS
3.12.6Xingzhongite(Cu,Pb,Fe)Ir2S4
3.12.7RhodplumsiteRh3Pb2S2
3.12.8CuprorhodsiteCuRh2S4
3.12.9KonderitePbCu3Rh8S16
3.12.10BowieiteRh2S3
3.12.11CherepanoviteRhAs
3.12.12HollingworthiteRhAsS
3.12.13Vysotskite(Pd,Ni)S
3.12.14Vasilite(Pd,Cu)16(S,Te)7
3.12.15PalladseitePd17Se15
3.12.16Oosterboschite(Pd,Cu)7Se5
3.12.17TelluropalladinitePd9Te4
3.12.18TemagamitePd3HgTe3
3.12.19SopcheiteAg4Pd3Te4
3.12.20MicheneritePdBiTe
3.12.21KotulskitePd(Te,Bi)2-x (x~0.4)
3.12.22Telargpalite(Pd,Ag)3Te
3.12.23MerenskyitePdTe2
3.12.24PalladoarsenidePd2As
3.12.25StillwateritePd8As3
3.12.26AtheneitePd2(As0.75Hg0.25)
3.12.27MajakitePdNiAs
3.12.28PalarstanidePd5(Sn,As)2
3.12.29ArsenopalladinitePd8As3
3.12.30VincentitePd3As
3.12.31PalladobismutharsenidePd2(As,Bi)
3.12.32StibiopalladinitePd5Sb2
3.12.33Hexatestibiopanickelite(Pd,Ni)(Sb,Te)
3.12.34SudburyitePdSb
3.12.35TestibiopalladitePdTe(Sb,Te)
3.12.36BorovskitePd3SbTe4
3.12.37IsomertieitePd11Sb2As2
3.12.38Mertieite-IPd5+x(Sb,As)2-x (x=0.1-0.2)
3.12.39Mertieite-IIPd8(Sb,As)3
3.12.40SobolevskitePdBi
3.12.41FrooditePdBi2
3.12.42PolaritePd(Bi,Pb)
3.12.43UrvantsevitePd(Bi,Pb)2
3.12.44CooperitePtS
3.12.45BraggitePtS
3.12.46Kharaelakhite(Cu,Pt,Pb,Fe,Ni)9S8
3.12.47MalaniteCuPt2S4
3.12.48MoncheitePt(Te,Bi)2
3.12.49MaslovitePtBiTe
3.12.50SperrylitePtAs2
3.12.51PlatarsitePtAsS
3.12.52GeversitePtSb2
3.12.53DaomaniteCuPtAsS2
3.12.54GenkinitePt4Sb3
3.12.55StumpflitePtSb
3.12.56InsizwaitePtBi2
3.12.57ErlichmaniteOsS2
3.12.58OmeiiteOsAs2
3.12.59OsarsiteOsAsS
3.12.60KashiniteIr2S3
3.12.61InaglyitePbCu3Ir8S16
3.12.62CuproiridsiteCuIr2S4
3.12.63IridarseniteIrAs2
3.12.64IrarsiteIrAsS
3.12.65TolovkiteIrSbS

Other Names for Laurite

Name in Other Languages:
German:Laurit
Russian:Лаурит
Simplified Chinese:硫钌矿
硫钌锇矿
Spanish:Laurita
Traditional Chinese:硫釕礦
硫釕鋨礦

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.
Industrial Uses:
Ruthenium ore

References for Laurite

Reference List:
Wöhler (1866) Ges. Wiss. Göttingen, Nachr.: 155.

Wöhler (1869) Ges. Wiss. Göttingen, Nachr.: 327.

Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 291-292.

American Mineralogist (1969): 54: 1330-1346.

Mineralogical Magazine (1983): 47: 465.

Internet Links for Laurite

mindat.org URL:
https://www.mindat.org/min-2344.html
Please feel free to link to this page.

Localities for Laurite

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Albania
 
  • Kukës County
    • Tropoja ophiolitic Massif
http://www.env.duke.edu/faculty/boudreau/9thPtSymposium/Boshnjaku_Abstract.pdf
Algeria
 
  • Tamanghasset Province
Schulze, H. (1998) Meteoritics & Planetary Science 33 (4, Supplement): A139. (July 1998)
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Harden Co.
      • Coolac
Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Core to Crust Fluid Systems Annual report 2012 p. 124
    • Kennedy Co.
      • Fifield
Webb, K. (2014). The age and tectonometallogenic setting of the Fifield “Alaskan-type” intrusive suite, Lachlan Orogen, NSW. NSW., Bachelor of Science (Honours), School of Earth & Environmental Sciences, University of Wollongong.
  • Tasmania
    • West Coast municipality
      • Zeehan district
        • North Dundas
Brown, A. V., Page, N. J., and Love, A. H. (1988). Geology and platinum-group-element geochemistry of the Serpentine Hill Complex, Dundas Trough, western Tasmania. Canadian Mineralogist 26, 161-175.
G. A. Albertson Data
Austria
 
  • Lower Austria
    • Waldviertel
      • Drosendorf-Zissersdorf
Kolitsch, U. (2015): 1937) Amesit(?), Baryt, Bornit, Chalkopyrit, Chromit, Hercynit, Hollingworthit, Ilmenit, Irarsit, Klinochlor, Laurit, Magnetit, Millerit, Pentlandit, Polydymit, Pyrit, Pyrrhotin, Rutil, Sperrylith, Spinell, Violarit und Xenotim-(Y)(?) von Wolfsbach im nördlichen Waldviertel, Niederösterreich. Pp. 246-249 in Niedermayr, G. et al. (2015): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXIV. Carinthia II, 205./125., 207-280.
  • Styria
    • Leoben
Min.& Pet. 73:247-277; Kollegger, P., Mogessie, A. & Mali, H. (2008): Geochemie und Vererzung im Kraubath-Massiv, südöstlich von Kraubath an der Mur, Steiermark, Österreich. Joannea Mineralogie 4, 53-97.
Brazil
 
  • Amapá
    • Mazagão
      • Vila Nova
Canadian Mineralogist 39:377-396
  • Bahia
33rd International Geological Congress (2008) session MPM-04 Platinum-group mineralogy: Diversity of Platinum group minerals (PGM) in chromitites from Brazil, preliminary results
  • Goiás
33rd International Geological Congress (2008) session MPM-04 Platinum-group mineralogy: Diversity of Platinum group minerals (PGM) in chromitites from Brazil, preliminary results
    • Hidrolândia
33rd International Geological Congress (2008) session MPM-04 Platinum-group mineralogy: Diversity of Platinum group minerals (PGM) in chromitites from Brazil, preliminary results
33rd International Geological Congress (2008) session MPM-04 Platinum-group mineralogy: Diversity of Platinum group minerals (PGM) in chromitites from Brazil, preliminary results
    • Santa Terezinha de Goiás district
      • Santa Terezinha de Goiás
Yuri de Melo Portella, Federica Zaccarini, George L. Luvizotto, Giorgio Garuti, Ronald J. Bakker, Nelson Angeli and Oskar Thalhammer (2016): The Cedrolina Chromitite, Goiás State, Brazil: A Metamorphic Puzzle. Minerals 6(3), 91.
  • Pará
    • Carajás mineral province
      • Curionópolis
33rd International Geological Congress (2008) session MPM-04 Platinum-group mineralogy: Diversity of Platinum group minerals (PGM) in chromitites from Brazil, preliminary results
  • São Paulo
33rd International Geological Congress (2008) session MPM-04 Platinum-group mineralogy: Diversity of Platinum group minerals (PGM) in chromitites from Brazil, preliminary results
Bulgaria
 
  • Blagoevgrad Oblast
Цинцов, З. (1998). Състав, разпространение и транспорт на минералите на елементите от групата на платината в алувиалните седименти на Благоевградския грабен. Сп. БГД, 59(2), 59-65.
    • Gotse Delchev Obshtina
      • Rhodope Mts
Bul. Acad. Sci. (1998); BULGARIAN ACADEMY OF SCIENCES CENTRAL LABORATORY OF MINERALOGY AND CRYSTALLOGRAPHY ANNUAL REPORT No 3/1997 7. Platinum-group minerals from native or placer deposits: phase composition, indicator features and associations, conditions for occurrence and transformation (Z. Tsintsov)
  • Burgas Oblast (Bourgas Oblast)
    • Kameno Obshtina
Atanasov, A. V. (1990). Vasilite,(Pd, Cu) 16 (S, Te) 7, a new mineral species from Novoseltsi, Bulgaria. The Canadian Mineralogist, 28(3), 687-689.
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • Similkameen Mining Division
      • Tulameen
In the collection of Brent Thorne. Microprobe analyzed by Cureton Minerals.
Nixon, G.T., Cabri, L.J., and Laflamme, J.H.G. (1990) Platinum-group-element mineralizaton in lode and placer deposits associated with the Tulameen Alaskan-type complex, British Columbia. Canadian Mineralogist: 28, 503-535.
Nixon, G. T., Cabri, L. J., & Laflamme, J. G. (1990). Platinum-group-element mineralization in lode and placer deposits associated with the Tulameen Alaskan-type complex, British Columbia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 28(3), 503-535.
Nixon, G. T., Cabri, L. J., & Laflamme, J. G. (1990). Platinum-group-element mineralization in lode and placer deposits associated with the Tulameen Alaskan-type complex, British Columbia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 28(3), 503-535.
  • Manitoba
Can.Rockhound v.3, no.2
Econ Geol (1986) 81:1159-1168
  • Newfoundland and Labrador
    • Newfoundland
      • Baie Verte Peninsula
        • Baie Verte
          • Advocate Ophiolite complex
Escayola, M., Garuti, G., Zaccarini, F., Proenza, J.A., Bédard, J.H. & Van Staal, C. (2011) Chromitite and platinum-group-element mineralization at Middle Arm Brook, Advocate Ophiolite complex, Baie Verte Peninsula, Newfoundland, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist 49, 1523-1547.
      • Bay of Islands
Edwards, S.J. (1990) Hartzburgites and refractory melts in the Lewis Hills Massif, Bay of Islands ophiolite complex: the base-metals and precious-metals story. Canadian Mineralogist 28, 537-552.
  • Ontario
    • Thunder Bay District
      • Coldwell complex
Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., McDonald, A.M. & Good, D.J. (2017) Insights into the extreme PGE enrichment of the W Horizon, Marathon Cu-Pd deposit, Coldwell Alkaline Complex, Canada: Platinum-group mineralogy, compositions and genetic implications. Ore Geplogy Reviews 2017, xx-xx.
  • Québec
    • Chaudière-Appalaches
      • Les Appalaches RCM
        • Saint-Joseph-de-Coleraine
Canadian Mineralogist 28, 579
Canadian Mineralogist 28, 579
http://gsa.confex.com/gsa/2001NE/finalprogram/abstract_2302.htm.
          • Black Lake
Corrivaux, L. & Laflamme, J.H. G. (1990) Minéralogie des éléments du group du platin dans les chromitites de l'ophiolite de Thetford Mines, Québec. Canadian Mineralogist 28, 579-595.
Corrivaux, L. & Laflamme, J.H. G. (1990) Minéralogie des éléments du group du platin dans les chromitites de l'ophiolite de Thetford Mines, Québec. Canadian Mineralogist 28, 579-595.
Corrivaux, L. & Laflamme, J.H. G. (1990) Minéralogie des éléments du group du platin dans les chromitites de l'ophiolite de Thetford Mines, Québec. Canadian Mineralogist 28, 579-595.
  • Yukon
    • Watson Lake Mining District
Fedortchouk, Y., LeBarge, W., Barkov, A.Y., Fedele, L. and Bodnar, R.J., 2010. Major- and trace-element composition of platinum group minerals and their inclusions from several Yukon placers. In: Yukon Exploration and Geology 2009, K.E. MacFarlane, L.H. Weston and L.R. Blackburn (eds.), Yukon Geological Survey, p. 185-196.
    • Whitehorse Mining District
      • Kluane District
BARKOV, A.Y. & MARTIN, R.F. (2008) Grains of Pt-Fe alloy and inclusions in Pt-Fe alloy from Florence Creek, Yukon, Canada: Evidence for mobility of Os in a Na-H2O-Cl-rich fluid. Canadian Mineralogist 46, 343-360.
Barkov, A.Y., Laflamme, J.H.G., Cabri, L.J., and Martin, R.F. (2002) Platinum-group minerals from the Wellgreen Cu-Ni-PGE deposit, Yukon, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist: 40: 651-669.
China
 
  • Hebei Province
    • Chengde Prefecture
      • Chengde Co.
        • Gaositai
Zuxiang Yu (1995): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 15(1), 1-4
Zuxiang Yu (1995): Acta Geologica Sinica 69(3), 215-220; Zuxiang Yu (1997): Acta Geologica Sinica 71(4), 486-490
      • Fengning Co.
        • Boluonuo
Keqiao Chen, Huifang Yang, Letian Ma, and Zhizhong Peng (1981): Dizhi Pinglun 27, 107-115
      • Luan River valley (Luanhe valley)
Yu Zuxiang (1995): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 15(1), 5-8.
  • Sichuan Province
    • Garzê Autonomous Prefecture (Ganzi Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Danba Co.
        • Yangliuping Cu-Ni-PGE ore field
Deng, H.-L., Campbell, A.J., and Humayun, M. (2002): Goldschmidt Conference Abstracts 2002, A177
    • Panzhihua Prefecture
      • Miyi Co.
      • Yanbian Co.
Hong Zhong, Xinhua Zhou, Meifu Zhou, Min Sun, and Bingguang Liu (2002): Mineralium Deposita 37(2), 226-239
  • Tibet Autonomous Region
    • Nagchu Prefecture (Naqu Prefecture)
      • Amdo Co. (Anduo Co.)
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
        • Dongqiao ophiolite (Donqiao ophiolite)
Xuecui Zhou and Shuihe Mao (1989): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 9(3), 257-261
    • Shannan Prefecture (Lhokha Prefecture; Lhoka Prefecture)
      • Nêdong Co. (Naidong Co.; Zedang Co.)
Guo, G., Yang, J., Robinson, P.T., Liu, X., Xu, X., Xiong, F. (2016): Platinum-group Mineral (PGM) and Base-metal Sulphide (BMS) Inclusions in Chromitites of the Zedang Ophiolite, Southern Tibet, China and their Petrogenetic Significance. Acta Geologica Sinica (English Edition): 90: 900–912; http://forum.amiminerals.it/viewtopic.php?f=5&t=12863 (2016)
      • Qusum Co. (Qusong Co.)
Wenji Bai, Shufeng Tao, Jingsui Yang, Qingsong Fang, Nicheng Shi and Guowu Li (2007): Acta Petrologica et Mienralogica 26(5), 418-428
Colombia
 
  • Cauca Department
    • Mun. de Guapí
Min Mag (1997) 61:367-375
  • Chocó Department
    • Mun. de Condoto
Stribrny, B., Wellmer, F.-W., Burgath, K.-P., Oberthür, T., Tarkian, M., and Pfeiffer, T. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 260-281.
Specimens courtesy of Excalibur Mineral Company
Costa Rica
 
  • Guanacaste Province
Federica Zaccarini, Ronald J. Bakker, Giorgio Garuti, Thomas Aiglsperger, Oskar A. R. Thalhammer, Lolita Campos, Joaquin A. Proenza, John F. Lewis (2010) Platinum group minerals in chromitite bodies of the Santa Elena Nappe, Costa Rica: mineralogical characterization by electron microprobe and Raman–spectroscopy. Boletín de la Sociedad Geológica Mexicana 62:161-171
Cuba
 
  • Holguín Province
    • Mayarí-Baracoa Belt
Gervilla, F., Proenza, J. A., Frei, R., González-Jiménez, J. M., Garrido, C. J., Melgarejo, J. C., ... & Lavaut, W. (2005). Distribution of platinum-group elements and Os isotopes in chromite ores from Mayarí-Baracoa Ophiolitic Belt (eastern Cuba). Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 150(6), 589-607.
González-Jiménez, J. M., Proenza, J. A., Gervilla, F., Melgarejo, J. C., Blanco-Moreno, J. A., Ruiz-Sánchez, R., & Griffin, W. L. (2011). High-Cr and high-Al chromitites from the Sagua de Tánamo district, Mayarí-Cristal Ophiolitic Massif (eastern Cuba): constraints on their origin from mineralogy and geochemistry of chromian spinel and platinum-group elements. Lithos, 125(1), 101-121.
González-Jiménez, J. M., Gervilla, F., Proenza, J. A., Augé, T., Griffin, W. L., & O’Reilly, S. Y. (2010). Contemporaneous Segregation of PGE-and BM-Rich Sulfide Melts and Chromite Crystallization: The Caridad Chromite Deposit, Mayarí-Baracoa Ophiolitic Belt (Eastern Cuba). 11th International Platinum Symposium Ontario Geological Survey, Miscellaneous Release–Data 269
Acta Geológica Hispánica, 1998, 33(1-4):351-371
Cyprus
 
  • Nicosia District (Lefkoşa District; Lefkosia District)
    • Troodos mountain range
Prichard, H. M. and Lord, R. A. (1990) 'Platinum and palladium in the Troodos ophiolite complex, Cyprus', Canadian Mineralogist, 28 (3), pp.607-617.
Dominican Republic
 
  • La Vega Province
    • Bonao
Proenza, J. A., Zaccarini, F., Rudashevsky, N., Cabri, L. J., Garuti, G., Rudashevsky, V. N., ... & Bloise, G. Platinum Group Minerals (PGM) in Ni-Laterites from Falcondo (Central Dominican Republic).
Aiglsperger, T., Proenza, J. A., Zaccarini, F., Lewis, J. F., Garuti, G., Labrador, M., & Longo, F. (2015). Platinum group minerals (PGM) in the Falcondo Ni-laterite deposit, Loma Caribe peridotite (Dominican Republic). Mineralium Deposita, 50(1), 105-123.
  • Monseñor Nouel Province
    • Bonao
Zaccharini et al. (2009): Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen, 185, 335-349; Proenza, J. A., Zaccarini, F., Lewis, J. F., Longo, F., & Garuti, G. (2007). Chromian spinel composition and the platinum-group minerals of the PGE-rich Loma Peguera chromitites, Loma Caribe peridotite, Dominican Republic. The Canadian Mineralogist, 45(3), 631-648.; McDonald A M, Proenza J A, Zaccarini F, Rudashevsky N S, Cabri L J, Stanley C J, Rudashevsky V N, Melgarejo J C, Lewis J F, Longo F, Bakker R J (2010) Garutiite, (Ni,Fe,Ir), a new hexagonal polymorph of native Ni from Loma Peguera, Dominican Republic. European Journal of Mineralogy 22, 293-304
East Timor
 
  • Manatuto District
Angela Lay, Ian Graham, David Cohen, Karen Privat, José González-Jiménez, Sadia Mehdi & Sarah-Jane Barnes (2014) Tectonic Significance of Podiform Chromitites Within the Manatuto District, Timor Leste. in Geological Society of Australia, 2014 Australian Earth Sciences Convention (AESC), Sustainable Australia. Abstract No 110 of the 22nd Australian Geological Convention
Ecuador
 
  • Esmeraldas Province
Weiser, T. and Schmidt-Thome, M. (1993) Platinum-group minerals from the Santiago river, Esmeraldas province, Ecuador. Canadian Mineralogist, 31, 61-73.
Ethiopia
 
  • Benshangul-Gumaz Region
    • Asosa region (Assosa region)
Pavel M. Kartashov data
  • Oromia Region (Oromiya Region)
    • Gimbi
Econ Geol (1986) 81:1278-1285
C. J. Stanley et al.: Mineralogical Magazine 69(4):447-453 (2005)
Cabri, L. J., Criddle, A. J., Laflamme, J. H. G., Bearne, G. S., & Harris, D. C. (1981). Mineralogical study of complex Pt-Fe nuggets from Ethiopia. Bulletin de Mineralogie, 104(4), 508-525.
Finland
 
  • Eastern Finland Region
Hytönen,K. (1999): Suomen Mineraalit. Geologian tutkimuskeskus. Erillisjulkaisu, Jyväskylä, 399 pp.
Econ Geol (1995) 90:445-452
Törroos Ragnar, Johanson Bo, Kojonen Kar, 1998. Alluvial nuggets of platinum group minerals and alloys from Finnish Lapland. Geological survey of Finland, Special Paper
    • Inari
      • Ivalojoki
Kari Kojonen (2012) PGE ore potential in the southwestern granulite belt of Northern Finland. Geological Survey of Finland, Report of Investigation 207 pp 64-67
      • Lemmenjoki
33rd International Geological Congress (2008) session MPM-04 Platinum-group mineralogy: Pt-Pd selenides from river placers, northern Finland; Kari K. Kojonen, Andrew M. McDonald, Chris J. Stanley, and Bo Johanson (2011) Törnroosite, Pd11As2Te2, A New Mineral Species Related to Isomertieite from Miessijoki, Finnish Lapland, Finland. Can Mineral 49:1643-1651; Kojonen, K. K., Tarkian, M., Roberts, A. C., Törnroos, R., & Heidrich, S. (2007). Miessiite, Pd11Te2Se2, a new mineral species from Miessijoki, Finnish Lapland, Finland. The Canadian Mineralogist, 45(5), 1221-1227.; Kari Kojonen (2012) PGE ore potential in the southwestern granulite belt of Northern Finland. Geological Survey of Finland, Report of Investigation 207 pp 64-67
Kojonen, K., Tarkian, M., Heidrich, S. & Johanson, B. (2014) Placer Platinum-group Minerals from Sotajoki River, Inari, Finland. 12th International Platinum Symposium p259
    • Kemi
Stanislav S. Gornostayev, Kauko V.O. Laajoki & Ossi Leinonen (2000) The platinum-group minerals in the Kemi chromite deposit, Finland: a case study of the Elijärvi ore body. In Abstract volume and Field trip Guidebook, 2nd annual GEODE-Fennoscandian shield field workshop on Palaeoproterozoic and Archean greenstone belts and VMS districts in the Fennoscandian Shield (Vol. 28).
    • Penikat complex
ORE DEPOSITS OF LAPLAND IN NORTHERN FINLAND AND SWEDEN Geologian tutkimuskeskus, Opas — Geological Survey of Finland, Guide 43
Barkov, A., Halkoaho, T., Roberts, A., Criddle, A., Martin, R., Papunen, H. (1999) New Pd-Pb and Pb-V oxides frm a bonanza-type PGE-rich, nearly BMS-free deposit in the Penikat layered complex, Finland. Canadian Mineralogist, 37, 1507-1524.
    • Sodankylä
Gervilla, F., Kojonen, K. and Merkle, R.K.W., 2005. Platinum-group minerals in the Proterozoic Keivitsa mafic-ultramafic intrusion, Sodankylä, northern Finland. Extended Abstract, 10th International Platinum Symposium, Abstract volume
France
 
  • Occitanie
    • Ariège
      • Massat
        • Le Port
          • Col d'Agnès
            • Etang de Lherz
Cristiano Ferraris, Jean-Pierre Loran (2015) Novodneprite (AuPb3), anyuiite [Au(Pb, Sb)2] and gold micro- and nano-inclusions within plastically deformed mantle-derived olivine from the Lherz peridotite (Pyrenees, France): a HRTEM–AEM–EELS study. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals, Vol 42, Issue 2 (February 2015), 143-150.
Greece
 
  • Epirus Department (Ipeiros)
    • Pindos Mtn
      • Pindos ophiolite complex
Argirios Kapsiotis, Tassos A. Grammatikopoulos, Basilios Tsikouras, Konstantin Hatzipanagiotou, Federica Zaccarini und Giorgio Garuti (2011): Mineralogy, composition and PGM of chromitites from Pefki, Pindos ophiolite complex (NW Greece): evidence for progressively elevated fAs conditions in the upper mantle sequence. Mineralogy and Petrology 101, 129-150.
  • Macedonia Department
    • Kozáni Prefecture
      • Kozáni and Grevena prefectures border area
        • Vourinos Mt ophiolite complex
Auge, T. (1985). Platinum-group-mineral inclusions in ophiolitic chromitite from the Vourinos Complex, Greece. The Canadian Mineralogist, 23(2), 163-171.; Garuti, G. and Zaccarini, F. (1997) In situ alteration of platinum-group minerals at low temperaturte: evidence from serpentinized and weathered chromitite of the Vourinos complex, Greece. Canadian Mineralogist: 35: 611-626.
Garuti, G. and Zaccarini, F. (1997) In situ alteration of platinum-group minerals at low temperaturte: evidence from serpentinized and weathered chromitite of the Vourinos complex, Greece. Canadian Mineralogist: 35: 611-626.
Garuti, G. and Zaccarini, F. (1997) In situ alteration of platinum-group minerals at low temperaturte: evidence from serpentinized and weathered chromitite of the Vourinos complex, Greece. Canadian Mineralogist: 35: 611-626.
Garuti, G. and Zaccarini, F. (1997) In situ alteration of platinum-group minerals at low temperaturte: evidence from serpentinized and weathered chromitite of the Vourinos complex, Greece. Canadian Mineralogist: 35: 611-626.
          • Pontini and Chromion area
Mining Annual Review (1985): 502.; Auge, T. (1985). Platinum-group-mineral inclusions in ophiolitic chromitite from the Vourinos Complex, Greece. The Canadian Mineralogist, 23(2), 163-171.; Garuti, G. and Zaccarini, F. (1997) In situ alteration of platinum-group minerals at low temperaturte: evidence from serpentinized and weathered chromitite of the Vourinos complex, Greece. Canadian Mineralogist: 35: 611-626.; Kapsiotis, A., Grammatikopoulos, T. A., Zaccarini, F., Tsikouras, B., Garuti, G., & Hatzipanagiotou, K. (2006). Platinum-group mineral characterisation in concentrates from low-grade PGE chromitites from the Vourinos ophiolite complex, northern Greece. Applied Earth Science: Transactions of the Institutions of Mining and Metallurgy: Section B, 115(2), 49-57.
Garuti, G. and Zaccarini, F. (1997) In situ alteration of platinum-group minerals at low temperaturte: evidence from serpentinized and weathered chromitite of the Vourinos complex, Greece. Canadian Mineralogist: 35: 611-626.; Kapsiotis, A., Grammatikopoulos, T. A., Zaccarini, F., Tsikouras, B., Garuti, G., & Hatzipanagiotou, K. (2006). Platinum-group mineral characterisation in concentrates from low-grade PGE chromitites from the Vourinos ophiolite complex, northern Greece. Applied Earth Science: Transactions of the Institutions of Mining and Metallurgy: Section B, 115(2), 49-57.
Auge, T. (1985). Platinum-group-mineral inclusions in ophiolitic chromitite from the Vourinos Complex, Greece. The Canadian Mineralogist, 23(2), 163-171.
  • Sterea Hellas Department
    • Fthiótis Prefecture
      • Lamia
        • Othrys Mt ophiolite complex (Othris)
          • Domokós
Garuti, G., Zaccarini, F., and Economou-Eliopoulos, M. (1999): Mineralium Deposita 34, 312-319.
Garuti, G., Zaccarini, F., and Economou-Eliopoulos, M. (1999): Mineralium Deposita 34, 312-319.
          • Eretria
Garuti, G., Zaccarini, F., and Economou-Eliopoulos, M. (1999): Mineralium Deposita 34, 312-319.
Garuti, G., Zaccarini, F., and Economou-Eliopoulos, M. (1999): Mineralium Deposita 34, 312-319.
India
 
  • Karnataka
    • Shimoga schist belt
T. T. Alapieti, T. C. Devaraju, R. J. Kaukonen (2005) Sem-eds Study of the Platinum-group Minerals in the PGE mineralized Hanumalapura Segment of the Layeredmafic-ultramafic Complex of Channagiri, Davangere District, Karnataka. Jour. Geol. Soc. India, 65:745-752.
  • Odisha (Orissa)
Canadian Mineralogist 40:277-309
Augé, T., Bailly, L., Cocherie, A., Genna, A., Guerrot, C., Lerouge, C., ... & Patra, R. N. (2002, July). Magmatic and Hydrothermal Platinum-Group Element Mineralization in the Baula Area, Orissa, India. In Proceedings of the 9th International Platinum Symposium (pp. 21-24).
Indonesia
 
  • Kalimantan (Borneo)
    • Kalimantan Selatan Province (South Kalimantan Province)
K.H. Hattori et al. , Mineralogical Magazine , 56, 1992, pp. 156-164.
Hattori, K., Burgath, K. P., & Hart, S. R. (1992). Os-isotope study of platinum-group minerals in chromitites in Alpine-type ultramafic intrusions and the associated placers in Borneo. Mineralogical Magazine, 56(383), 157-164.
      • Riampinang
K.H. Hattori et al. , Mineralogical Magazine , April 2004, V68, N°2, pp. 353-368.
Nachr.Ges.Wissensch. Göttingen (1866) 155-160; Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Deans, T., & Phillips, R. (1983). The chemistry, reflectance, and cell size of the erlichmanite (OsS2)-laurite (RuSO series. Mineralogical Magazine, 47, 465-71.; Coggon, J. (2010). Application of the 190Pt-186Os isotope decay system to dating platinum-group minerals (Doctoral dissertation, Durham University).; Bowles, J. F. W., Atkin, D., Lambert, J. L. M., Deans, T., & Phillips, R. (1983). The chemistry, reflectance, and cell size of the erlichmanite (OsS2)–laurite (RuS2) series. Mineralogical Magazine, 47(345), 465-471.
Zaccarini, F., Idrus, A., Garuti, G. (2016): Chromite Composition and Accessory Minerals in Chromitites from Sulawesi, Indonesia: Their Genetic Significance. Minerals, 6(2), 46; doi:10.3390/min6020046; http://forum.amiminerals.it/viewtopic.php?f=5&t=12788 (2016)
Italy
 
  • Piedmont
    • Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province
      • Different Municipalities
Zaccarini, F., Meisel, T., Thalhammer, O., & Garuti, G. (2005). The Finero chromitites (Ivrea Zone, Italy): evidence for metasomatism in a mantle plume. Poster session presented at Platinum 10th International Platinum Symposium, Oulu, Finnland, .
Ivory Coast (Côte d'Ivoire)
 
  • Dix-Huit Montagnes region
    • Biankouma department
Gouedji, F., Picard, C., Coulibaly, Y., Audet, M. A., Auge, T., Goncalves, P., ... & Ouattara, N. (2014). The Samapleu mafic-ultramafic intrusion and its Ni-Cu-PGE mineralization: an Eburnean (2.09 Ga) feeder dyke to the Yacouba layered complex (Man Archean craton, western Ivory Coast). Bulletin de la Société Géologique de France, 185(6), 393-411.
Japan
 
  • Hokkaido
    • Kamikawa Province
Urashima, Y., & Wakabayashi, T. (1972). Mineral compositions of placer platinum from Teshio in Hokkaido, Japan(Quantitative analysis and identification of chemical properties of minerals in Japanese placer platinoids). Kagoshima Daigaku Rika Hokoku,(Kagoshima), (21), 119-135.
  • Kyushu Region
    • Saga Prefecture
      • Karatsu City (Higashi-Matsuura-gun)
Makoto Miura and Shoji Arai (2014) Platinum-group Element and Mineral Characteristics of Sub-arc Chromitite Xenoliths from the Takashima Alkali Basalt, Southwest Japan Arc. Can Mineral 52:899-916
Madagascar
 
  • Toamasina Province (Tamatave)
    • Eastern Region (Atsinanana Region)
      • Antanambao Manampotsy District
Legendre, O., and Augé, T. (1992): Alluvial platinum-group minerals from the Manampotsy area, east Madagascar. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 39, 389-404
      • Vatomandry District
        • Sahafary
Augé, T. & Legendre, O. (1992): Pt-Fe nuggets from alluvial deposits in eastern Madagascar. Canadian Mineralogist 30, 983-1004
Mexico
 
  • Baja California Sur (BC Sur)
    • Mun. de Mulegé
Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Core to Crust Fluid Systems Annual report 2012 p. 124
  • Guerrero
    • Mun. de Atlixtac
      • Petatlán
González-Jiménez, J. M., Proenza, J. A., Martini, M., Camprubí, A., Griffin, W. L., O'Reilly, S. Y., & Pearson, N. J. (2015). Deposits associated with ultramafic–mafic complexes in Mexico: the Loma Baya case. Ore Geology Reviews.
Mongolia
 
  • Dzavhan Aimag (Zavkhan Aimag)
    • Khan-Taishirin-Ula range
http://www.dmitrenkogg.narod.ru/Mongoliy.htm
Morocco
 
  • Drâa-Tafilalet Region
    • Ouarzazate Province
      • Tazenakht
S. Weiß: Lapis 31(7/8), 72-73 (2006)
          • Agoudal
El Ghorfi, M., Melcher, F., Oberthür, T., Boukhari, A. E., Maacha, L., Maddi, A., & Mhaili, M. (2008). Platinum group minerals in podiform chromitites of the Bou Azzer ophiolite, Anti Atlas, Central Morocco. Mineralogy and Petrology, 92(1-2), 59-80.
El Ghorfi, M., Melcher, F., Oberthür, T., Boukhari, A. E., Maacha, L., Maddi, A., & Mhaili, M. (2008). Platinum group minerals in podiform chromitites of the Bou Azzer ophiolite, Anti Atlas, Central Morocco. Mineralogy and Petrology, 92(1-2), 59-80.
Myanmar
 
  • Sagaing Region (Sagaing Division)
    • Monywa District
5th International Platinum Symposium Bulletin of The Geological Society of Finland Number 61, Part 1,1989,1-64
New Caledonia
 
  • Northern Province
    • Kaala-Gomen Commune
Cassian, P. (2007). New Caledonia Geology and Mining. In ニューカレドニアの投資環境調査 2007 年 (p. 58).
    • Koumac Commune
      • Tiébaghi Massif
Augé, T. (1988). Platinum-Group Minerals in the Tiébaghi (New-Caledonia) and Vourinos (Greece) Ophiolites. In Geo-Platinum 87 (pp. 405-405). Springer Netherlands.
  • Southern Province
    • Mont-Dore Commune
      • Ouen Island
33rd International Geological Congress (2008) session MPM-04 Platinum-group mineralogy: Platinum-group minerals in chromitite schlieren from the ouen island, new caledonia ophiolite
    • Pirogues River
Economic Geology: 89: 1454-1468; (2014) 12th International Platinum Symposium p287
Norway
 
  • Nord-Trøndelag
    • Leka
Nilsson, L. P. & Larsen, R. B. (1998): Edle mineraler i mafiske og ultramafiske bergarter- en oppsummering av platina-gruppe mineraler (PGM) funnet i Norge i de senere år. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift 14: 40-49; Econ Geol (1993) 88:782-803
  • Nordland
    • Rødøy
      • Selsøyvik
Nilsson, L. P. & Larsen, R. B. (11998): Edle mineraler i mafiske og ultramafiske bergarter- en oppsummering av platina-gruppe mineraler (PGM) funnet i Norge i de senere år. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift 14: 40-49
  • Sør-Trøndelag
    • Røros
      • Feragen
Nilson, L. P. (1990): Platinum-group mineral inclusions in chromitite from the Osthammeren ultramafic tectonite body, South Central Norway. Mineralogy and Petrology 42: 249-263
Oman
 
  • Al Buraymi Governorate
    • Northern Oman Ophiolite
Ahmed, A. H., & Arai, S. (2003). Platinum-group minerals in podiform chromitites of the Oman ophiolite. The Canadian Mineralogist, 41(3), 597-616.
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
www.cosis.net/abstracts/EAE03/14099/EAE03-A-14099.pdf.
    • Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia)
      • Aldan Shield
        • Aldan
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Okrugin, A. V. (2011). Origin of platinum-group minerals in mafic and ultramafic rocks: from dispersed elements to nuggets. The Canadian Mineralogist, 49(6), 1397-1412.
  • Far-Eastern Region
    • Chukotskii Autonomous Okrug
      • Kolyma area
        • Bol'shoi Anyui River Basin
          • Baimka River
            • Aluchinskii Massif (Aluchin horst)
Gornostayev, S.S., Crocket, J.H., Mochalov, A.G., and Lajoki, K.V.O. (1999) The platinum-group minerals of the Baimka placer deposits, Aluchin horst, Russian Far East. Canadian Mineralogist: 37: 1117-1129.
      • Pekul'nei Range
        • Northern Pekul'nei River
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
    • Kamchatka Oblast'
      • Korf
        • Gal'moenan ultrabasic massif
Tolstykh N.D., Sidorov E.G., Kozlov A.P. (2004) Platinum-group minerals in lode and placier deposits associated with the Ural-Alaskan-type Gal'moenan complex, Koryak-Kamchatka Platinum Belt, Russia, - Canadian Mineralogist, v.42, p.2, pp. 619-630.
      • Koryak Mts
[MinRec 31:201]
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Sidorov, E. G., Tolstykh, N. D., Podlipsky, M. Y., & Pakhomov, I. O. (2004). Placer PGE minerals from the Filippa clinopyroxenite-dunite massif (Kamchatka). Geologiya i Geofizika (Russian Geology and Geophysics), 45(9), 1128-1144.
Tolstykh, N., Sidorov, E., & Kozlov, A. (2009). Platinum-group Minerals from the Olkhovaya–1 Placers Related to the Karaginsky Ophiolite Complex, Kamchatskiy Mys Peninsula, Russia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 47(5), 1057-1074.
Tolstykh, N.D., Sidorov, E.G., Laajoki, K.V.O., Krivenko, A.P., and Podlipskiy, M. (2000): Canadian Mineralogist: 38: 1251-1264.
    • Khabarovskiy Kray
      • Ayan-Maya district
        • Aldan shield
[MinRec 31:201]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Cabri, L.J., Laflamme, H.H. Giles, (1997), Platinum Group Minerals from the Konder Massif, Russian Far East, Min Rec. 28, 97-106
    • Koriak Autonomous Okrug
      • Koryak Upland (Koriak; Koriakskhiye)
        • Ust'-Bel'skii ultrabasic Massif
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
    • Primorskiy Kray
      • Khanka lake
Shcheka G.G., Vrzhosek A.A., Lehmann B., Tolstykh N.D. (2004) Associations of platinum-group minerals from the Zolotaya gold placiers, Primorye, Russian Far East, - Canadian Mineralogist, v.42, pp. 583-599.
  • Northern Region
    • Karelia Republic
      • Lake Onega
Grokhovskaya, T. L., Lapina, M. I., Ganin, V. A., & Grinevich, N. G. (2005). PGE mineralization in the Burakovsk Layered Complex, Southern Karelia, Russia. Geology of Ore Deposits C/C of Geologiia Rudnykh Mestorozhdenii, 47(4), 283.
Grishaenko, M. V. P., & Federation, R. (2007). Independent Report on the Shalozerskoe (Burakovsky), Lukkulaisvaara and Tsipringa Platinum, Palladium, Copper, Nickel Deposits in the Autonomous Republic of Karelia Russian Federation
    • Murmanskaja Oblast'
      • Kola Peninsula
        • Fedorovo-Pansky massif (Pana layered complex)
33rd International Geological Congress (2008) session MPM-04 Platinum-group mineralogy: Platinum-group minerals in the PGE deposit of the Fedorovo-Pansky layered intrusion, Kola Peninsula
        • Monche-Tundra
http://www.duke.edu/~boudreau/9thPtSymposium/Grokhovskaya_Abstract.pdf; Yury L. Voytekhovsky, Yury N. Neradovsky (2008) The Cu-Ni-PGE and Cr deposits of the Monchegorsk area, the Kola Peninsula, Russia. 33 IGC excursion No 48, August 15 – 21, 2008
Grokhovskaya, T. L., Bakaev, G. F., Sholokhnev, V. V., Lapina, M. I., Muravitskaya, G. N., & Voitekhovich, V. S. (2003). The PGE ore mineralization in the Monchegorsk magmatic layered complex (Kola Peninsula, Russia). GEOLOGY OF ORE DEPOSITS C/C OF GEOLOGIIA RUDNYKH MESTOROZHDENII, 45(4), 287-308.
Neradovsky, Y.N., and Savchenko, E.E. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 746-748.
Chashchin, V. V., & Petrov, S. V. (2013). Low-sulfide PGE ore in the Volchetundra gabbro-anorthosite pluton, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Geology of Ore Deposits, 55(5), 357-382.
Chashchin, V. V., & Petrov, S. V. (2013). Low-sulfide PGE ore in the Volchetundra gabbro-anorthosite pluton, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Geology of Ore Deposits, 55(5), 357-382.
  • Urals Region
    • Middle Urals
      • Sverdlovskaya Oblast'
        • Ekaterinburg (Sverdlovsk)
Zaccarini, F., Pushkarev, E., & Garuti, G. (2008). Platinum-group element mineralogy and geochemistry of chromitite of the Kluchevskoy ophiolite complex, central Urals (Russia). Ore Geology Reviews, 33(1), 20-30.
        • Neiva river
RRUFF Project Specimen ID: R060309
        • Nizhnii Tagil
          • Solov'eva Mtn
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
        • Sysert' District
          • Polevskoi (Polevskoi Zavod)
            • Omutnaya River
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
9th International platinum symposium Chromite-PGE mineralization in the Uktus Alaskan-Type Complex (Central Urals,); (2014) 12th International Platinum Symposium p283; Garuti, G., Pushkarev, E. V., Zaccarini, F., Cabella, R., & Anikina, E. (2003). Chromite composition and platinum-group mineral assemblage in the Uktus Uralian-Alaskan-type complex (Central Urals, Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 38(3), 312-326.
    • Southern Urals
      • Bashkortostan Republic (Bashkiria Republic)
F. Zaccarini et al. , The Canadian Mineralogist, Vol. 42, pp. 545-562 (2004).
  • Western-Siberian Region
    • Polar Urals
      • Tyumenskaya Oblast'
Seltmann, R., Soloviev, S., Shatov, V., Pirajno, F., Naumov, E., & Cherkasov, S. (2010). Metallogeny of Siberia: tectonic, geologic and metallogenic settings of selected significant deposits*. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 57(6), 655-706; Kojonen, K., Zaccarini, F., & Garuti, G. (2003, April). First finding of native gold in the chromitites of the Ray-Iz ophiolitic complex, Polar Urals. In EGS-AGU-EUG Joint Assembly (Vol. 1, p. 8352).
Jan Pašava, Ilja Knésl, Anna Vymazalová, Ivan Vavřín, Ludmila Ivanovna Gurskaya, Leonid Ruslanovich Kolbantsev (2011) Geochemistry and mineralogy of platinum-group elements (PGE) in chromites from Centralnoye I, Polar Urals, Russia. Geoscience Frontiers 2:81-85
Jan Pašava, Ilja Knésl, Anna Vymazalová, Ivan Vavřín, Ludmila Ivanovna Gurskaya, Leonid Ruslanovich Kolbantsev (2011) Geochemistry and mineralogy of platinum-group elements (PGE) in chromites from Centralnoye I, Polar Urals, Russia. Geoscience Frontiers 2:81-85
Sierra Leone
 
  • Western Area
    • Guma Water
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Econ Geol (1986) 81:1278-1285; Bowles, J.F.W. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 583-586.
South Africa
 
  • Eastern Cape Province
    • Alfred Nzo District
      • Insizwa
Minerals of South Africa
  • Free State Province
Minerals of South Africa
  • Limpopo Province
www.bgr.de/b423/oberthuer_ptconf_pgm_bushveld.pdf.
      • Burgersfort
        • Sekhukhuneland
Oberthür, T., Melcher, F., Sitnikova, M., Rudashevsky, N. S., Rudashevsky, V. N., Cabri, L. J., ... & Gast, L. (2008). Combination of novel mineralogical methods in the study of noble metal ores–focus on pristine (Bushveld, Great Dyke) and placer platinum mineralisation. In Ninth International Congress for Applied Mineralogy ICAM (pp. 187-194).; Melcher, F., & Lodziak, J. (2007). Platinum-group minerals of concentrates from the Driekop platinum pipe, Eastern Bushveld Complex Tribute to Eugen F. Stumpfl. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie-Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry, 183(2), 173-195.
R.O. Meyer collection, identity confirmed by microprobe analysis
The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 43, pp. 1711-1734 (2005)
      • Waterberg District
        • Mokopane (Potgietersrus)
Holwell, D. A., McDonald, I., & Armitage, P. E. B. (2006). Platinum-group mineral assemblages in the Platreef at the Sandsloot Mine, northern Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Mineralogical Magazine, 70(1), 83-101.; HOLWELL D.A., MCDONALD I. & ARMITAGE, P.E.B. (2006). Platinum-group mineral assemblages in the Platreef at the South Central Pit, Sandsloot Mine, northern Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Mineralogical Magazine, 70, 83-101.
Wilson, W. E. (2010): Sperrylite from the Tweefontein Farm, Limpopo Province, South Africa. Mineralogical Record. 41, 147-155; Zaccarini, F., Garuti, G., and Cawthorn, R.G. (2002) Platinum-group minerals in chromitite xenoliths from the Onverwacht and Tweefontein ultramafic pipes, eastern Bushveld Complex. Canadian Mineralogist: 40: 481-497.
    • Eastern Bushveld Complex
      • Merensky Reef
Minerals of South Africa; Schwellnus, J. S. I., Hiemstra, S. A., & Gasparrini, E. (1976). The Merensky reef at the Atok platinum mine and its environs. Economic Geology, 71(1), 249-260.
  • Mpumalanga Province
    • Eastern Bushveld Complex
      • Lydenburg
Rudashevsky, N. S., Avdontsev, S. N., & Dneprovskaya, M. B. (1992). Evolution of PGE mineralization in hortonolitic dunites of the Mooihoek and Onverwacht pipes, Bushveld Complex. Mineralogy and Petrology, 47(1), 37-54.
Rudashevsky, N. S., Avdontsev, S. N., & Dneprovskaya, M. B. (1992). Evolution of PGE mineralization in hortonolitic dunites of the Mooihoek and Onverwacht pipes, Bushveld Complex. Mineralogy and Petrology, 47(1), 37-54.; Zaccarini, F., Garuti, G., & Cawthorn, R. G. (2002). Platinum-group minerals in chromitite xenoliths from the Onverwacht and Tweefontein ultramafic pipes, eastern Bushveld Complex, South Africa. The Canadian Mineralogist, 40(2), 481-497.
    • Witwatersrand field
http://www.unileoben.ac.at/~buero62/minpet/malitch/4IASMalitch.pdf
  • North West Province
    • Bojanala Platinum District
      • Western Bushveld Complex
Barkov, A. Y., Martin, R. F., Kaukonen, R. J., & Alapieti, T. T. (2001). The occurrence of Pb–Cl–(OH) and Pt–Sn–S compounds in the Merensky reef, Bushveld layered complex, South Africa. The Canadian Mineralogist, 39(5), 1397-1403.
Econ Geol (1989) 84:1651-1655
Econ Geol (1989) 84:1651-1655
Prichard, H. M., Barnes, S. J., Maier, W. D., & Fisher, P. C. (2004). Variations in the nature of the platinum-group minerals in a cross-section through the Merensky Reef at Impala Platinum: Implications for the mode of formation of the reef. The Canadian Mineralogist, 42(2), 423-437.
          • Royal Bafokeng
Smith, A. J. B., Viljoen, K. S., Schouwstra, R., Roberts, J., Schalkwyk, C., & Gutzmer, J. (2013). Geological variations in the Merensky Reef at Bafokeng Rasimone Platinum Mine and its influence on flotation performance. Minerals Engineering, 52, 155-168.
Minerals of South Africa
Economic Geology (1990) 85:537-555; Econ Geol (1989) 84:1651-1655
Brynard, H. J., De Villiers, J. P. R., & Viljoen, E. A. (1976). A mineralogical investigation of the Merensky Reef at the Western Platinum mine, near Marikana, South Africa. Economic Geology, 71(7), 1299-1307.
Voordouw, R. J., Gutzmer, J., & Beukes, N. J. (2010). Zoning of platinum group mineral assemblages in the UG2 chromitite determined through in situ SEM-EDS-based image analysis. Mineralium Deposita, 45(2), 147-159.
Spain
 
  • Andalusia
    • Málaga
      • Ojén
Mineralogy and Petrology: 56: 25-50.
  • Galicia
    • A Coruña (La Coruña)
      • Herbeira ultramafic massif
        • Cariño
Monterrubio, S. y Lunar, R. (1990). Mineralogía y química de los sulfuros de Ni-Fe-Cu asociados a las rocas ultramaficas de macizo de Herbeira (complejo de Cabo Ortegal, La Coruña). Boletín de la Sociedad Española de Mineralogía, 13-1, 47-48.; Madon, M., Gil, J.I., Via, J. and Girardeau, J. (1991). Characterization and thermodynamic properties of andradite, Ca3Fe2Si3O12. American Mineralogist, 76:1249-1260.; Moreno, T., Lunar, R., Prichard, H.M., Monterrubio, S. and Ortega, L. (1999) Platinum-group element mineralization in chromitites from the ultramafic massifs of the Cabo Ortegal complex. Geogaceta, 25:135-138.; Moreno, T., Gibbons, W., Lunar, R., Prichard, H.M., Monterrubio, S. and García-izquierdo, B. (2002) Concentraciones de cromita y elementos del grupo del platino en las rocas ultramáficas del complejo de Cabo Ortegal (NO de España): implicaciones tectónicas. Bol. Soc. Esp. Min., 25:129-144.; García, B., Lunar, R. and Capote, R. (2002). Difusión de Al-Cr en espinelas durante la deformación en rocas ultramáficas de los complejos de Cabo Ortegal (NO de España) y de BraganÇa (NE de Portugal). Bol. Soc. Esp. Min., 25A:37-44.
        • Cedeira
          • Teixidelo
Monterrubio, S. y Lunar, R. (1990). Mineralogía y química de los sulfuros de Ni-Fe-Cu asociados a las rocas ultramaficas de macizo de Herbeira (complejo de Cabo Ortegal, La Coruña). Boletín de la Sociedad Española de Mineralogía, 13-1, 47-48.
Turkey
 
  • Aegean Region
    • Muğla Province
      • Muğla ophiolite
N. Jb. Mineral. 185 (2009) 323-333; Uysal, I., Sadiklar, M. B., Tarkian, M., Karsli, O., & Aydin, F. (2005). Mineralogy and composition of the chromitites and their platinum-group minerals from Ortaca (Muğla-SW Turkey): evidence for ophiolitic chromitite genesis. Mineralogy and petrology, 83(3-4), 219-242.; Uysal, İ., Tarkian, M., Sadiklar, M. B., Zaccarini, F., Meisel, T., Garuti, G., & Heidrich, S. (2009). Petrology of Al-and Cr-rich ophiolitic chromitites from the Muğla, SW Turkey: implications from composition of chromite, solid inclusions of platinum-group mineral, silicate, and base-metal mineral, and Os-isotope geochemistry. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 158(5), 659-674.
  • Central Anatolia Region
    • Eskişehir Province
      • Eskişehir ophiolite
Uysal, I.; Zaccarini, F.; Sadiklar, M. B.; Tarkian, M.; Thalhammer, O. A. R.; Garuti, G. (2009): The podiform chromitites in the Dağküplü and Kavak mines, Eskişehir ophiolite (NW-Turkey): genetic implications of mineralogic and geochemical data. Geologica Acta 7, 351-362. [http://redalyc.uaemex.mx/pdf/505/50513114004.pdf]
Uysal, I.; Zaccarini, F.; Sadiklar, M. B.; Tarkian, M.; Thalhammer, O. A. R.; Garuti, G. (2009): The podiform chromitites in the Dağküplü and Kavak mines, Eskişehir ophiolite (NW-Turkey): genetic implications of mineralogic and geochemical data. Geologica Acta 7, 351-362. [http://redalyc.uaemex.mx/pdf/505/50513114004.pdf]
UK
 
  • Scotland
    • North West Highlands
      • Isle of Rum
Power, M.R., Pirrie, D., Andersen, J.C.O., and Butcher, A.R. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 762-775.
    • Shetland Islands
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Econ Geol (1984) 79:738-747
A G Gunn, R C Leake and M T Styles (1985) Platinum-group element mineralisation in the Unst ophiolite, Shetland British Geological Survey Mineral Reconnaissance report 73
33rd International Geological Congress (2008) session MPM-04 Platinum-group mineralogy: Os-rich alloys and Ru-Os sulphides from ultramafic complexes and placer deposits: constraints from osmium isotopes
Ukraine
 
  • Cherkasy Oblast'
    • Zvenyhorodka
Gornostayev, S.S., Laajoki, K.V.O., and Popovchenko, S.E. (2002): The chromitites of the Kapitanov deposit, Ukrainian Shield. Presented at the 47th Annual GAC-MAC meeting, Saskatoon, Canada.
USA
 
  • Alaska
    • Bethel Borough
www.cannonmicroprobe.com/Mineral_Specimens.htm
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Canadian Mineralogist: 22: 543-552.
Min Mag (1997) 61:367-375
  • California
    • Fresno Co.
      • Trimmer
Econ Geol (1986) 81:1261-1271
    • Humboldt Co.
      • Klamath Mts
        • Willow Creek District
          • Willow Creek (China Flat)
Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California: 39 & 44, 63.; Snetsinger, K.G. (1971b) Erlichmanite (OsS2), a new mineral. American Mineralogist: 56: 1501-1506.
    • Nevada Co.
      • North San Juan District
        • North San Juan
Sjoberg, J. and Gomes, J.M. (1980) Platinum-group minerals in California alluvial deposits. US Bureau of Mines, Reno Research Center, unpublished manuscript: 15, figure 1; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 63-64.
    • Siskiyou Co.
      • Klamath Mts
        • El Capitan
Econ Geol (1986) 81: 1261-1271.
        • Klamath River District
          • Granite Point
Econ Geol (1986) 81:1261-1271
    • Tehama Co.
      • Klamath Mts
        • Tedoc Mountain
Economic Geology (1986): 81: 1261-1271.
    • Trinity Co.
      • Klamath Mts
        • Weaverville District
          • Douglas City
Sjoberg, J. and Gomes, J.M. (1980) Platinum-group minerals in California alluvial deposits. US Bureau of Mines, Reno Research Center, unpublished manuscript: 15; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 64.
    • Yuba Co.
      • Hammonton District (Yuba River District; Yuba Gold Field; Yuba Dredge Field; Yuba Consolidated Gold Fields)
        • Hammonton
Sjoberg, J. and Gomes, J.M. (1980) Platinum-group minerals in California alluvial deposits. US Bureau of Mines, Reno Research Center, unpublished manuscript: 15; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 63-64.
  • Maryland
    • Baltimore Co.
      • Owings Mills
Robert C. Smith, II, Ph.D, P.G.
  • Montana
    • Stillwater Co.
      • Nye
Talkington and Lipin, Economic Geology Vol. 81, 1986
Econ Geol (1986) 81:1159-1186
Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240.
      • Stillwater Complex
Econ Geol (1986) 81:1159-1186
    • Sweet Grass Co.
      • Stillwater Complex
Econ Geol (1986) 81:1159-1186
  • Oregon
      • Cape Blanco
Stockman, H.W., and Hlava, P.F. (1984): Economic Geology 79, 491-508.
    • Jackson Co.
      • Applegate District
Min Mag (1997) 61:367-375
Stockman, H.W., Hlava, P.F. (1984) Platinum-group minerals in alpine chromitites from southwestern Oregon. Econ. Geol.: 79: 491-508; in: Jambor, J.L. (1989): New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 74: 1217
    • Josephine Co.
      • Pickett Creek District
Econ Geol (1984) 79:491-508
      • Waldo District
Econ Geol (1984) 79:491-508
  • Pennsylvania
    • Chester Co.
      • State Line Chromite District
Smith and Barnes (2011) Pennsylvania Geology v. 41, no. 3/4.
    • Lancaster Co.
      • State Line Chromite District
Smith and Barnes (2011) Pennsylvania Geology Fall/Winter 2011; Smith and Barnes (2011) Pennsylvania Geology v. 41, no. 3/4.
Zimbabwe
 
  • Masvingo
    • Chiredzi Mining District (Hartley Mining District)
      • Chiredzi
Chusi Li, Ripley, E.M., Oberthür, T., Miller, Jr., J.D., and Joslin, G.D. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 97-110.; Allan H. Wilson and Martin D. Prendergast (2001) Platinum-Group Element Mineralisation in the Great Dyke, Zimbabwe, and its Relationship to Magma Evolution and Magma Chamber Structure. South African Journal of Geology, 104:319-342; LIU, J., JIN, S. and WANG, Y. (2014), The Occurrence of Useful Components in Platinum-Palladium Deposit in the Great Dyke, Zimbabwe. Acta Geologica Sinica, 88: 1466–1467; Oberthür, T., Weiser, T. W., Gast, L., & Kojonen, K. (2003). Geochemistry and mineralogy of platinum-group elements at Hartley Platinum Mine, Zimbabwe. Mineralium Deposita, 38(3), 327-343.
  • Midlands
    • Shurugwi District (Selukwe District)
Allan H. Wilson and Martin D. Prendergast (2001) Platinum-Group Element Mineralisation in the Great Dyke, Zimbabwe, and its Relationship to Magma Evolution and Magma Chamber Structure. South African Journal of Geology, 104:319-342
    • Zvishavane District
      • Zvishavane (Shabani; Shabanie; Shavani)
Nashwa, Velaphi Moses. "The flotation of high talc-containing ore from the Great Dyke of Zimbabwe." (2008). MS Thesis
Mineral and/or Locality  
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