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Anilite

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Formula:
Cu7S4
Colour:
Bluish-Grey
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
3
Specific Gravity:
5.68 (Calculated)
Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Name:
For the type locality.
Note: Many of the reported associations of digenite and djurleite, identified by powder diffraction, could be anilite and djurleite, as anilite transforms to digenite during grinding (Goble, 1985).
If heated, anilite decomposes to high digenite and covellite above 70 +- 3°C (Morimoto & Koto, 1970).



Hide all sections | Show all sections

Classification of AniliteHide

Approved
2.BA.10

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
B : Metal Sulfides, M: S > 1: 1 (mainly 2: 1)
A : With Cu, Ag, Au
2.4.7.5

2 : SULFIDES
4 : AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
3.1.4

3 : Sulphides, Selenides, Tellurides, Arsenides and Bismuthides (except the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au, which are included in Section 1)
1 : Sulphides etc. of Cu

Physical Properties of AniliteHide

Metallic
Transparency:
Opaque
Colour:
Bluish-Grey
Streak:
Black
Hardness:
Tenacity:
Sectile
Density:
5.68 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Chemical Properties of AniliteHide

Formula:
Cu7S4

Crystallography of AniliteHide

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):
mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) - Dipyramidal
Space Group:
Pnma
Cell Parameters:
a = 7.89 Å, b = 7.84 Å, c = 11.01 Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 1.006 : 1 : 1.404
Unit Cell V:
681.05 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4
Morphology:
Prismatic or platy crystals to 5mm.
Twinning:
Present; "neighboring twins".

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
3.20 (57)
2.77 (65)
2.59 (29)
2.54 (31)
2.16 (39)
1.956 (100)
1.677 (35)

Type Occurrence of AniliteHide

Synonyms of AniliteHide

Other Language Names for AniliteHide

German:Anilit
Japanese:阿仁鉱
Russian:Анилит
Simplified Chinese:斜方蓝辉铜矿
Spanish:Anilita

Common AssociatesHide

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.BA.05ChalcociteCu2SMon. 2/m : P21/b
2.BA.05DjurleiteCu31S16Mon. 2/m
2.BA.05GeeriteCu8S5Trig. 3
2.BA.05RoxbyiteCu9S5Tric. 1 : P1
2.BA.10DigeniteCu9S5Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
2.BA.15BorniteCu5FeS4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
2.BA.20BellidoiteCu2SeTet. 4/m : P42/n
2.BA.20BerzelianiteCu2SeIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
2.BA.25AthabascaiteCu5Se4Orth.
2.BA.25UmangiteCu3Se2Tet.
2.BA.30RickarditeCu7Te5Orth.
2.BA.30WeissiteCu2-xTeHex.
2.BA.35AcanthiteAg2SMon. 2/m : P21/m
2.BA.40MckinstryiteAg5-xCu3+xS4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
2.BA.40StromeyeriteAgCuSOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.BA.40dUM2003-13-S:AgAuCuAg6AuCu2S5
2.BA.45JalpaiteAg3CuS2Tet.
2.BA.45SelenojalpaiteAg3CuSe2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
2.BA.50EucairiteAgCuSeOrth.
2.BA.55AguilariteAg4SeSMon. 2/m
2.BA.55NaumanniteAg2SeOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
2.BA.60CervelleiteAg4TeSMon. 2/m
2.BA.60HessiteAg2TeMon. 2/m : P21/b
2.BA.60ChenguodaiteAg9Fe3+Te2S4Orth.
2.BA.65Henryite(Cu,Ag)3+xTe2 , with x ~ 0.40 Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3c
2.BA.65StütziteAg5-xTe3, x = 0.24-0.36Hex.
2.BA.70ArgyroditeAg8GeS6Orth. mm2 : Pna21
2.BA.70CanfielditeAg8SnS6Orth. mm2
2.BA.70Putzite(Cu4.7Ag3.3)GeS6Iso. 4 3m : F4 3m
2.BA.75FischesseriteAg3AuSe2Iso. 4 3 2 : I41 3 2
2.BA.75Penzhinite(Ag,Cu)4Au(S,Se)4Hex.
2.BA.75PetrovskaiteAuAg(S,Se)Mon.
2.BA.75PetziteAg3AuTe2Iso. 4 3 2 : I41 3 2
2.BA.75UytenbogaardtiteAg3AuS2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3c
2.BA.80Bezsmertnovite(Au,Ag)4Cu(Te,Pb)Orth.
2.BA.80BilibinskitePbCu2Au3Te2Iso.
2.BA.80Bogdanovite(Au,Te,Pb)3(Cu,Fe)Iso.

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

2.4.7.1ChalcociteCu2SMon. 2/m : P21/b
2.4.7.2DjurleiteCu31S16Mon. 2/m
2.4.7.3DigeniteCu9S5Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
2.4.7.4RoxbyiteCu9S5Tric. 1 : P1
2.4.7.7SpionkopiteCu39S28Trig.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

3.1.1ChalcociteCu2SMon. 2/m : P21/b
3.1.2DjurleiteCu31S16Mon. 2/m
3.1.3DigeniteCu9S5Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
3.1.5RoxbyiteCu9S5Tric. 1 : P1
3.1.6SpionkopiteCu39S28Trig.
3.1.7GeeriteCu8S5Trig. 3
3.1.8CovelliteCuSHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
3.1.9BerzelianiteCu2SeIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
3.1.10BellidoiteCu2SeTet. 4/m : P42/n
3.1.11UmangiteCu3Se2Tet.
3.1.12YarrowiteCu9S8Trig.
3.1.13AthabascaiteCu5Se4Orth.
3.1.14KlockmanniteCuSeHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
3.1.15Krut'aiteCuSe2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.1.16WeissiteCu2-xTeHex.
3.1.17RickarditeCu7Te5Orth.
3.1.18VulcaniteCuTeOrth.
3.1.19BambollaiteCu(Se,Te)2Tet.
3.1.20LautiteCuAsSOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
3.1.21MgriiteCu3AsSe3
3.1.22CubaniteCuFe2S3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
3.1.23BorniteCu5FeS4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
3.1.24FukuchiliteCu3FeS8Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.1.25ChalcopyriteCuFeS2Tet. 4 2m : I4 2d
3.1.26MooihoekiteCu9Fe9S16Tet.
3.1.27HaycockiteCu4Fe5S8Orth. 2 2 2
3.1.28IsocubaniteCuFe2S3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
3.1.29IdaiteCu5FeS6Hex.
3.1.30NukundamiteCu3.4Fe0.6S4Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
3.1.31PutoraniteCu1.1Fe1.2S2Iso.
3.1.32Orickite2CuFeS2 · H2OHex.
3.1.33EskeborniteCuFeSe2Tet.
3.1.34Chaméanite(Cu,Fe)4As(Se,S)4Iso.
3.1.35TalnakhiteCu9(Fe,Ni)8S16Iso. 4 3m : I4 3m

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for AniliteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Morimoto, N., Koto, K., Shimazaki, Y. (1969) Anilite, Cu7S4, a new mineral. American Mineralogist: 54: 1256-1269.
Morimoto, N., Koto, K. (1970) Phase relations of the Cu-S system at low temperatures: stability of anilite. American Mineralogist: 55: 106-117.
Koto, K., Nobuo, M. (1970) The crystal structure of anilite. Acta Crystallographica: B26: 915-924.
Goble, R.J., Smith, D.G.W. (1973) Electron microprobe investigation of copper sulphides in the Precambrian Lewis Series of S.W. Alberta, Canada. The Canadian Mineralogist: 12: 95-103.
Potter, R.W. II (1977) An electrochemical investigation of the system copper-sulfur. Economic Geology: 72: 1524-1542.
Goble, R.J. (1981) The leaching of copper from anilite and the production of a metastable copper sulfide structure. The Canadian Mineralogist: 19: 583-591.
Goble, R.J. (1985) The relationship between crystal structure, bonding and cell dimensions in the copper sulfides. The Canadian Mineralogist: 23: 61-76.
Whiteside, L.S., Goble, R.J. (1986) Structural and compositional changes in copper sulfides during leaching and dissolution. The Canadian Mineralogist: 24: 247-258.

Internet Links for AniliteHide

Localities for AniliteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Argentina
 
  • Córdoba
    • Colón Department
      • Dumesnil
Colombo, F., Lira, R., Ripley, E. M., & del Tanago, J. G. (2011). Geology, mineralogy and possible origin of the copper mineralization in marble near Saldan, Cordoba (Argentina). Journal of GEOsciences, 56(3), 299-316.
Atlantic Ocean
 
  • Mid-Atlantic Ridge complex
Gablina, I.F., Semkova, T.A., Stepanova, T.V., and Gor'kova, N.V. (2006): Lithology and Mineral Resources 41(1), 27-44.
Australia
 
  • Queensland
    • Mount Isa City Shire
      • Gunpowder District
        • Mount Gordon
Richardson, S.M. and Day, A.D. (1997) Geology of the Esperanza copper deposit. Proceedings of the 3rd International Mining Geology Conference, Launceston. pg. 51-56; Vera Munro-Smith (2006) Cobalt Mineralisation in Selected Australian Deposits. PhD thesis, University of Western Sydney.
  • South Australia
    • Stuart Shelf
      • Roxby Downs
Ciobanu, C. L., Cook, N. J., Ehrig, K. (2017): Ore minerals down to the nanoscale: Cu-(Fe)-sulphides from the iron oxide copper gold deposit at Olympic Dam, South Australia. Ore Geology Review 81, 1218-1235.
    • Yorke Peninsula
      • Kadina
Handbook of Mineralogy
Austria
 
  • Styria
    • Knittelfeld
      • Flatschach
J.Raith+ T.Leitner+ W.Paar (2015)
    • Köflach
      • Voitsberg
        • Krems
Moser & Postl (1990); Exel (1993)
Belgium
 
  • Luxembourg Province
    • Stavelot Massif
      • Vielsalm
        • Salmchâteau
Blondieau, M. (2005): Les gisements minéraux du Salmien dans le massif de Stavelot. Published by M. Blondieau, Tellin, Belgium, 90 pp.
Brazil
 
  • Bahia
    • Curaçá river valley
      • Curaçá
Bello, Rosa M. S. (1986) "Jazida de cobre de Surubim, vale do Curuçá, Bahia: mineralogia, petrologia e petrogenese"
Canada
 
  • Alberta
    • Yarrow Creek-Spionkop Creek deposit
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Goble R J (1980) Copper sulfides from Alberta: yarrowite Cu9S8 and spionkopite Cu39S28, The Canadian Mineralogist 18, 511-518
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Goble R J (1980) Copper sulfides from Alberta: yarrowite Cu9S8 and spionkopite Cu39S28, The Canadian Mineralogist 18, 511-518
  • British Columbia
    • Alberni Mining Division
      • Vancouver Island
        • Buttle Lake
Economic Geology,(1996) Vol. 91-3, pp.507-526
  • Nova Scotia
    • Halifax Co.
      • Musquodoboit Harbour
http://nsminerals.atspace.com/Dunbrack.html
Chile
 
  • Antofagasta Region
    • Antofagasta Province
      • Michilla District
Oliveros, V., Tristá-Aguilera, D., Féraud, G., Morata, D., Aguirre, L., Kojima, S., and Ferraris, F. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 61-78.
    • El Loa Province
      • Escondida
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
      • San Pedro de Atacama
Flint, S. (1986): Sedimentary and diagenetic controls on red-bed ore genesis: the Middle Tertiary San Bartolo copper deposit, Antofagasta Province, Chile. Economic Geology 81, 761-778.
  • Atacama Region
    • Chañaral Province
      • El Salado
        • Diego de Almagro
          • Pampa Capitana
Suluezert, Y., ol Japan, G. S., Kawata-cho, S., & AestRAcr, T. (1969). Anilite, Cuzsn, A New Mineral. The American Mineralogist, 54.
    • Copiapó Province
      • Pabellón
        • Sierra Jardín
Econ Geol (1987) 82:546-570
China
 
  • Fujian Province
    • Longyan Prefecture
      • Shanghang Co.
        • Zijinshan ore field
Jiyu Xue, Tao Sun, Wenlan Zhang, Yuanfeng Cai, and Wu Chen (2000): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 20(1), 9-12; Yu Liu, Wenyuan Liu, and Shaohuai Wang (2011): Mineral Deposits 30(4), 735-741
  • Yunnan Province
    • Yuxi Prefecture
      • Huaning Co.
Rongge Xiao and Wensheng Ge (1999): Mineral Deposits 18(2), 138-145
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Karlovy Vary Region
      • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
        • Jáchymov District (St Joachimsthal)
          • Jáchymov (St Joachimsthal)
            • Svornost Mine (Einigkeit Mine)
              • Geschieber vein
Ondruš P, Veselovský F, Gabašová A, Hloušek J, Šrein V, Vavrín I, Skála R, Sejkora J, Drábek M (2003) Primary minerals of the Jáchymov ore district, Journal of the Czech Geological Society 48, 19-147
    • Liberec Region
      • Košťálov
Malec J. et al.: Jacutingait, paladiové zlato a Pd-selenidy v Cu-zrudnění z karbonských sedimentù od Košťálova u Semil (podkrkonošská pánev). Zprávy o geologických výzkumech v roce 2011, Mineralogie, petrologie a geochemie, 189-192.
    • Plzeň Region
      • Klatovy (Klattau)
Sejkora J., Pauliš P., Kopecký S., Novák F., Malec J., Franc J.: Mineralogie uranového zrudnění z lokality Dlažov u Klatov (Česká republika). Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 2009, roč. 17, č. 2, s. 73-80.
    • Ústí Region
      • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
        • Klášterec nad Ohří
- Hyrsl, J. & Korbel, P. (2009): Tschechien & Slowakei, Mineralien und Fundstellen. Page 71.
  • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
    • Olomouc Region
      • Javorník (Jauernig)
Sejkora, J., Pauliš, P., Škoda, R.: Uranové ložisko Zálesí v Rychlebských horách. Minerál, 2007, roč. 15, č. 4, s. 305-238.
Germany
 
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Eifel
      • Laach lake volcanic complex
        • Kruft
Blass, G., Emmerich, F., Graf, HW., Schäfer, Ch., Tschörtner, J., (2006): Minerale der Eifelvulkane, Version 1.0, CD, published by authors
        • Mendig
          • Niedermendig
Blass, G., Emmerich, F., Graf, HW., Schäfer, Ch., Tschörtner, J., (2006): Minerale der Eifelvulkane, Version 1.0, CD, published by authors
Blass, G., Emmerich, F., Graf, HW., Schäfer, Ch., Tschörtner, J., (2006): Minerale der Eifelvulkane, Version 1.0, CD, published by authors
            • Wingertsberg
Blass, G., Emmerich, F., Graf, HW., Schäfer, Ch., Tschörtner, J., (2006): Minerale der Eifelvulkane, Version 1.0, CD, published by authors
  • Saxony-Anhalt
    • Harz
      • Harzgerode mining district
        • Neudorf
Lapis 15(7/8), 21 (1990)
Lapis 15(7/8), 21 (1990)
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
Siemroth,J./Witzke,T.:Die Minerale des Mansfelder Kupferschiefers.-Hettstedt 1999
India
 
  • Madhya Pradesh
    • Balaghat District
      • Baihar Tehsil
        • Padritola
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Indonesia
 
  • Java (Jawa)
    • Jawa Barat Province (West Java Province)
      • Bogor District
The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 41, pp. 185-200 (2003)
Iran
 
  • Tehran Province
    • Abbasabad Mines
SALEHI, L., RASA, I., ALIREZAEI, S., & KAZEMI, M. A. (2016). THE MADAN BOZORG, VOLCANIC-HOSTED COPPER DEPOSIT, EAST SHAHROUD; AN EXAMPLE OF MANTO TYPE COPPER DEPOSITS IN IRAN.
  • Yazd Province
    • Ardakan County
      • Ardakan (Ardekan)
http://www.fos.ut.ac.ir/~journal/G.80.1E_2.htm
Israel
 
  • Southern District (HaDarom District)
    • Eilat
Shlomovitch, N., Bar-Matthews, M., & Matthews, A. (1999). Sedimentary and epigenetic copper mineral assemblages in the Cambrian Timna Formation, southern Israel. Israel Journal of Earth Sciences, 48(140), 195-208.
Italy
 
  • Aosta Valley
    • Saint-Marcel
      • Servette-Chuc mining complex
Tumiati, S., Casartelli, P., Mambretti, A., Martin, S., Frizzo, P., Rottoli, M. (2005): The ancient mine of Servette (Saint-Marcel, Val d' Aosta, western Italian Alps): A mineralogical, metallurgical and charcoal analysis of furnace slags. Archaeometry, 47, 317-340.
  • Liguria
    • Savona Province
      • Sassello
Notiziario di Mineralogia-Ferrania Club n° 16 dic.2002
  • Trentino-Alto Adige (Trentino-Südtirol)
    • Bolzano Province (South Tyrol)
      • Vizze Valley (Pfitsch Valley)
        • San Giacomo (Sankt Jakob)
          • Vizze Pass (Pfitsch Pass; Pfitscher Joch)
Folie, K., Gentile, P., Hanke, M., Rocchetti, I. (2010): Mineralien aus der Umgebung des Pfitscher Jochs in Südtirol (II). Mineralien-Welt, 21, 4, 42-67.
Japan (TL)
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Tohoku Region
      • Akita Prefecture
        • Kitaakita City
          • Ani-machi
Amer.Min.(1969) 54, 1256-1269
        • Odate
The Mineral Species of Japan (5th ed) Matsubara
Matsueda, H. et al (2000) Journal of the Mining College, Akita University, Ser. A, Mining Geology, 8, #3, 129-150.
Peru
 
  • Tacna Department
    • Jorge Basadre Province
      • Ilabaya
        • Barrio Obrero Toquepala
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Philippines
 
  • Luzon
    • Cordillera Administrative Region
      • Benguet Province
        • Mancayan mineral district (Mankayan)
          • Bato Tabio
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
    • Legnica
      • Lubin District
Kucha H. 2007: Mineralogia kruszcowa i geochemia ciała rudnego złoża Lubin-Sieroszowice. Biuletyn PIG, vol. 423, pp. 77-94
Kucha H. 1979: Anilite, Cu7S4, from Lubin mine, Lower Silesia, Poland. Mineralogia Polonica, vol. 10, no 2, 89-96
Handbook of Mineralogy
    • Złotoryja District
Oszczepalski, S. (1999): Mineralium Deposita 34, 599-613.
Portugal
 
  • Évora District
    • Vila Viçosa
      • Conceição
Gustavo Pereira Fernandes, Mineralizações de Cobre da Mina de Miguel Vacas: Caracterização Petrográfica e Geoquímica, Universidade de Lisboa, Faculdade de Ciências, Departamento de Geologia, 2012
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Transbaikalia (Zabaykalye)
      • Chitinskaya Oblast'
        • Udokan
Yakhontova, L. K.; Lebedev, V. L.; Guseinov, M. A.; Sokolova, E. V.; Nesterovich, L. G. (1988): Copper sulfates from the low-temperature supergene zone of the Udokan deposit. Vestn. Mosk. Univ., Ser. 4: Geol., (5), 38-43 (in Russian).
  • Northern Region
    • Karelia Republic
      • Ladoga Region
        • Pitkyaranta District (Pitkäranta District)
V. I. Ivashchenko, O. B. Lavrov, K. Sundblad and A. N. Toritsin (2007) Au-Ag-Bi-Te-Se vein mineralization at Roikonkoski, Karelia, northern Lake Ladoga region. Geological Survey of Finland, Guide 53 pp 51-56
  • Urals Region
    • Middle Urals
      • Sverdlovskaya Oblast'
        • Krasnotur'insk (Bogolovsk; Krasnoturjinsk; Krasnoturyinsk)
          • Turya river
            • Tur'insk
        • Nizhnii Tagil
Serbia
 
  • Bor District
    • Bor-Majdanpek mining district
      • Bor
        • Bor Mine
JF Carpentier collection
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Revúca Co.
      • Nandráž
Koděra et all.,1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, I-III, 1590p
Switzerland
 
  • Grischun (Grisons; Graubünden)
    • Vorderrhein Valley
      • Tujetsch (Tavetsch)
        • Curnera Valley
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 42
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Anniviers Valley
      • Saint-Luc
Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
    • Goms
      • Ulrichen
        • Ägene Valley (Äginen Valley; Aeginen Valley)
          • Gries lake area
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 42
    • Monthey
      • Vouvry
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 42
Turkey
 
  • Black Sea Region
    • Gümüşhane Province
Beih. z. Eur. J. Mineral 18 (2006) 28
UK
 
Tindle, A.G. (2008) Minerals of Britian and Ireland
    • North West Highlands
      • Loch Kishorn
Faithfull, J., Young, B., Starkey, R.E. (2012) Copper mineralisation at Rassal, Kishorn, Highland Region. Journal of the Russell Society, Vol. 15, pg. 49-58.
    • Strathclyde
      • Lochgilphead
[J.Russell Soc. 1998:38]
USA
 
  • Alaska
    • Valdez-Cordova Borough
      • Nizina District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
USGS OFR 2003-404(Hudson,2003); USGS OFR 99-342
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
  • Arizona
    • Greenlee Co.
      • Shannon Mts
        • Copper Mountain District (Clifton-Morenci District)
          • Morenci
Grant, Raymond W., Richard A. Bideaux & Sidney A. Williams (2006), Minerals Added to the Arizona List 1995 to 2005: 1.
  • California
    • San Benito Co.
      • Diablo Range
        • New Idria District
          • Picacho Peak
            • Clear Creek area
Joseph F. Cooper Jr., Gail E. Dunning, Ted A.Hadley (2003) Minerology of the Victor Claim, Clear Creek Area, New Idria District, San Benito County, California.
  • Kansas
    • Sumner Co.
Economic Geology (1990) 85:601-621
  • Michigan
    • Houghton Co.
      • Baltic
Buchholz, T.W., Falster, A.U., Simmons, W.B. (2010) New Data on Minerals from the Keeweenaw copper district, MI. The 37th Rochester Mineralogical Symposium, April 15-18, 2010
      • Painesdale
Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
  • Missouri
    • Iron Co.
      • Viburnum Trend District
        • Bixby
R&M 73:2 pp 98-117
    • Reynolds Co.
Leach, D. L., Viets, J. B., Foley-Ayuso, N., & Klein, D. P. (1995). Mississippi Valley-type Pb-Zn deposits. Preliminary compilation of descriptive geoenvironmental mineral deposit models. US Geological Survey Open-File Report, 95-831.
        • Ellington
Rocks & Min.: 64:22&26.
  • North Carolina
    • Granville Co.
      • Virgilina District
Smithsonian Institution Mineral Reference Collection No.165301-00
    • Person Co.
Smithsonian Institution Mineral Reference Collection No.165316-00
Smithsonian institution Mineral Reference Collection No.165312-00
Smithsonian Institution Mineral Reference Collection No.165307-00
  • Oklahoma
    • Garvin Co.
      • Red Bed District
        • Paoli
U.S.Geological Survey,2005,Mineral Resources Data System :U.S. Geological Survey,Reston,Virginia
    • Jackson Co.
      • Creta
Economic Geology; August 1980; v. 75; no. 5; p. 722-729; GSA Conference North-Central Section - 37th Annual Meeting (March 24–25, 2003) Paper No. 8-10 THE REPLACEMENT CHARACTER OF COPPER-SILVER MINERALIZATION IN THE PERMIAN FLOWERPOT SHALE AND WELLINGTON SANDSTONE FORMATIONS OF OKLAHOMA HAGNI, Richard D.
  • Pennsylvania
    • Lycoming Co.
      • Penn Township
Smith and Hioff (1984)
  • Virginia
    • Charlotte Co.
Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
    • Halifax Co.
Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
Uzbekistan
 
  • Tashkent Viloyati (Toshkent)
    • Angren Region
      • Chatkal-Kuraminskii Range
Kovalenker, V. A., Safonov, Y. G., Naumov, V. B., & Rusinov, V. L. (1997). The Epithermal Gold-Telluride Kochbulak Deposit. Geology of Ore Deposits C/C of Geologiia Rudnykh Mestorozhdenii, 39, 107-128.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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