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About AniliteHide

Specific Gravity:
5.68 (Calculated)
Crystal System:
For the type locality, Ani Mine, Japan.
All specimens studied by the authors of the original description contained some djurleite.

Note: Many of the reported associations of digenite and djurleite, identified by powder diffraction, could be anilite and djurleite, as anilite transforms to digenite during grinding (Goble, 1985).
If heated, anilite decomposes to high digenite and covellite above 70 +- 3°C (Morimoto & Koto, 1970).

Classification of AniliteHide

First Published:

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
B : Metal Sulfides, M: S > 1: 1 (mainly 2: 1)
A : With Cu, Ag, Au

4 : AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1

3 : Sulphides, Selenides, Tellurides, Arsenides and Bismuthides (except the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au, which are included in Section 1)
1 : Sulphides etc. of Cu

Physical Properties of AniliteHide

None Observed
5.68 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Chemical Properties of AniliteHide


Crystallography of AniliteHide

Crystal System:
Class (H-M):
mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) - Dipyramidal
Space Group:
Cell Parameters:
a = 7.89 Å, b = 7.84 Å, c = 11.01 Å
a:b:c = 1.006 : 1 : 1.404
Unit Cell V:
681.05 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Prismatic or platy crystals to 5mm.
Present; "neighboring twins".

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
3.20 Å(57)
2.77 Å(65)
2.59 Å(29)
2.54 Å(31)
2.16 Å(39)
1.956 Å(100)
1.677 Å(35)

Geological EnvironmentHide

Geological Setting:
Hydrothermal copper ores.

Type Occurrence of AniliteHide

General Appearance of Type Material:
Prismatic or platy crystals to 5 mm
Place of Conservation of Type Material:
Sakurai Museum, Tokyo, Japan
Morimoto, N., Koto, K., Shimazaki, Y. (1969) Anilite, Cu7S4, a new mineral. American Mineralogist: 54: 1256-1269.

Synonyms of AniliteHide

Other Language Names for AniliteHide

Simplified Chinese:斜方蓝辉铜矿

Common AssociatesHide

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.BA.DzierżanowskiteCaCu2S2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
2.BA.05ChalcociteCu2SMon. 2/m : P21/b
2.BA.05DjurleiteCu31S16Mon. 2/m
2.BA.05GeeriteCu8S5Trig. 3
2.BA.05RoxbyiteCu9S5Tric. 1 : P1
2.BA.10DigeniteCu9S5Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
2.BA.15BorniteCu5FeS4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
2.BA.20BellidoiteCu2SeTet. 4/m : P42/n
2.BA.20BerzelianiteCu2SeIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
2.BA.35AcanthiteAg2SMon. 2/m : P21/m
2.BA.40MckinstryiteAg5-xCu3+xS4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
2.BA.40StromeyeriteAgCuSOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.BA.45SelenojalpaiteAg3CuSe2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
2.BA.55AguilariteAg4SeSMon. 2/m
2.BA.55NaumanniteAg2SeOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
2.BA.60CervelleiteAg4TeSMon. 2/m
2.BA.60HessiteAg2TeMon. 2/m : P21/b
2.BA.65Henryite(Cu,Ag)3+xTe2 , with x ~ 0.40 Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3c
2.BA.65StütziteAg5-xTe3, x = 0.24-0.36Hex. 6 : P6
2.BA.70ArgyroditeAg8GeS6Orth. mm2 : Pna21
2.BA.70CanfielditeAg8SnS6Orth. mm2
2.BA.70Putzite(Cu4.7Ag3.3)GeS6Iso. 4 3m : F4 3m
2.BA.75FischesseriteAg3AuSe2Iso. 4 3 2 : I41 3 2
2.BA.75PetziteAg3AuTe2Iso. 4 3 2 : I41 3 2
2.BA.75UytenbogaardtiteAg3AuS2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3c

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide 2/m : P21/b 2/m 3m (3 2/m) : R3m 1 : P1

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

3.1.1ChalcociteCu2SMon. 2/m : P21/b
3.1.2DjurleiteCu31S16Mon. 2/m
3.1.3DigeniteCu9S5Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
3.1.5RoxbyiteCu9S5Tric. 1 : P1
3.1.7GeeriteCu8S5Trig. 3
3.1.8CovelliteCuSHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
3.1.9BerzelianiteCu2SeIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
3.1.10BellidoiteCu2SeTet. 4/m : P42/n
3.1.14KlockmanniteCuSeHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
3.1.15Krut'aiteCuSe2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.1.20LautiteCuAsSOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
3.1.21MgriiteCu3AsSe3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m)
3.1.22CubaniteCuFe2S3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
3.1.23BorniteCu5FeS4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
3.1.24FukuchiliteCu3FeS8Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.1.25ChalcopyriteCuFeS2Tet. 4 2m : I4 2d
3.1.27HaycockiteCu4Fe5S8Orth. 2 2 2
3.1.28IsocubaniteCuFe2S3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
3.1.30NukundamiteCu3.33Fe0.66S4Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
3.1.32Orickite2CuFeS2 · H2OHex.
3.1.35TalnakhiteCu9(Fe,Ni)8S16Iso. 4 3m : I4 3m

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for AniliteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Morimoto, N., Koto, K., Shimazaki, Y. (1969) Anilite, Cu7S4, a new mineral. American Mineralogist: 54: 1256-1269.
Morimoto, N., Koto, K. (1970) Phase relations of the Cu-S system at low temperatures: stability of anilite. American Mineralogist: 55: 106-117.
Koto, K., Nobuo, M. (1970) The crystal structure of anilite. Acta Crystallographica: B26: 915-924.
Goble, R.J., Smith, D.G.W. (1973) Electron microprobe investigation of copper sulphides in the Precambrian Lewis Series of S.W. Alberta, Canada. The Canadian Mineralogist: 12: 95-103.
Potter, R.W. II (1977) An electrochemical investigation of the system copper-sulfur. Economic Geology: 72: 1524-1542.
Goble, R.J. (1981) The leaching of copper from anilite and the production of a metastable copper sulfide structure. The Canadian Mineralogist: 19: 583-591.
Goble, R.J. (1985) The relationship between crystal structure, bonding and cell dimensions in the copper sulfides. The Canadian Mineralogist: 23: 61-76.
Whiteside, L.S., Goble, R.J. (1986) Structural and compositional changes in copper sulfides during leaching and dissolution. The Canadian Mineralogist: 24: 247-258.

Internet Links for AniliteHide

Localities for AniliteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • Córdoba Province
    • Colón Department
      • Dumesnil
Colombo, F., Lira, R., Ripley, E. M., & del Tanago, J. G. (2011). Geology, mineralogy and possible origin of the copper mineralization in marble near Saldan, Cordoba (Argentina). Journal of GEOsciences, 56(3), 299-316.
Atlantic Ocean
  • Mid-Atlantic Ridge complex
Gablina, I.F., Semkova, T.A., Stepanova, T.V., and Gor'kova, N.V. (2006): Lithology and Mineral Resources 41(1), 27-44.
  • Queensland
    • City of Mount Isa
      • Gunpowder District
        • Mount Gordon
Richardson, S.M. and Day, A.D. (1997) Geology of the Esperanza copper deposit. Proceedings of the 3rd International Mining Geology Conference, Launceston. pg. 51-56; Vera Munro-Smith (2006) Cobalt Mineralisation in Selected Australian Deposits. PhD thesis, University of Western Sydney.
  • South Australia
    • Stuart Shelf
      • Roxby Downs
Ciobanu, C. L., Cook, N. J., Ehrig, K. (2017): Ore minerals down to the nanoscale: Cu-(Fe)-sulphides from the iron oxide copper gold deposit at Olympic Dam, South Australia. Ore Geology Review 81, 1218-1235.
    • Yorke Peninsula
      • Kadina
Handbook of Mineralogy
  • Western Australia
    • East Pilbara Shire
      • Rudall River District
Ogilvie, A. L. (2014). Textural and LA-ICP-MS trace element chemistry analysis of pyrite and chalcopyrite from Telfer Au-Cu deposit, WA: implications for a multi-source ore system (Honors thesis).
  • Styria
    • Murtal District
      • Knittelfeld
        • Flatschach
Raith, J. G., Leitner, T., & Paar, W. H. (2015). Orogenic-type copper-gold-arsenic-(bismuth) mineralization at Flatschach (Eastern Alps), Austria. Mineralogy and Petrology, 109(5), 531-553.
    • Voitsberg District
      • Krems
Moser & Postl (1990); Exel (1993)
  • Wallonia
    • Luxembourg
Hatert, F., Baijot, M., Dal Bo, F. (2014) Occurrence of tellurides in the Stavelot Massif, Belgium. 21st meeting of the International Mineralogical Association, 131.
        • Salmchâteau
Hatert, F. (1996) Étude minéralogique préliminaire de quelques sulfures du Massif de Stavelot. Mémoire de licence, Université de Liège, 48 pages.; Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M., Van Der Meersche, E. (2002) Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Belgium, 304 pages (in French).; Blondieau, M. (2005) Les gisements minéraux du Salmien dans le massif de Stavelot. Published by M. Blondieau, Tellin, Belgium, 90 pages.
  • Bahia
    • Curaçá river valley
      • Curaçá
Bello, Rosa M. S. (1986) "Jazida de cobre de Surubim, vale do Curuçá, Bahia: mineralogia, petrologia e petrogenese"
  • Alberta
    • Yarrow Creek-Spionkop Creek deposit
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Goble R J (1980) Copper sulfides from Alberta: yarrowite Cu9S8 and spionkopite Cu39S28, The Canadian Mineralogist 18, 511-518
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Goble R J (1980) Copper sulfides from Alberta: yarrowite Cu9S8 and spionkopite Cu39S28, The Canadian Mineralogist 18, 511-518
  • British Columbia
    • Alberni Mining Division
      • Buttle Lake
Economic Geology,(1996) Vol. 91-3, pp.507-526
  • Nova Scotia
    • Halifax Co.
      • Musquodoboit Harbour
  • Antofagasta
    • Antofagasta Province
      • Michilla District
Oliveros, V., Tristá-Aguilera, D., Féraud, G., Morata, D., Aguirre, L., Kojima, S., and Ferraris, F. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 61-78.
    • El Loa Province
      • Escondida
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
      • San Pedro de Atacama
Flint, S. (1986): Sedimentary and diagenetic controls on red-bed ore genesis: the Middle Tertiary San Bartolo copper deposit, Antofagasta Province, Chile. Economic Geology 81, 761-778.
  • Atacama
    • Chañaral Province
      • Diego de Almagro
        • Pampa Capitana
Suluezert, Y., ol Japan, G. S., Kawata-cho, S., & AestRAcr, T. (1969). Anilite, Cuzsn, A New Mineral. The American Mineralogist, 54.
    • Copiapó Province
      • Pabellón
        • Sierra Jardín
Econ Geol (1987) 82:546-570
  • Fujian
    • Longyan
      • Shanghang Co.
        • Zijinshan ore field
Jiyu Xue, Tao Sun, Wenlan Zhang, Yuanfeng Cai, and Wu Chen (2000): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 20(1), 9-12; Yu Liu, Wenyuan Liu, and Shaohuai Wang (2011): Mineral Deposits 30(4), 735-741; Huang, H., Wang, S., & Chi, C. (2014). Identification of the complete Cu–S series minerals from the Zijinshan Cu–Au deposit, Fujian Province. Geol. J. China Univ., 20, 50-57.
  • Heilongjiang
    • Heihe
      • Aihui District
Zhai, D., & Liu, J. (2014). Gold-telluride-sulfide association in the Sandaowanzi epithermal Au-Ag-Te deposit, NE China: implications for phase equilibrium and physicochemical conditions. Mineralogy and Petrology, 108(6), 853-871.; Zhai, D., Williams-Jones, A. E., Liu, J., Tombros, S. F., & Cook, N. J. (2018) Mineralogical, fluid inclusion, and multiple isotope (HOS-Pb) constraints on the genesis of the Sandaowanzi epithermal Au-Ag-Te deposit, NE China. Economic Geology, 113(6), 1359-1382.
  • Yunnan
    • Yuxi
      • Huaning County
Rongge Xiao and Wensheng Ge (1999): Mineral Deposits 18(2), 138-145
Czech Republic
  • Karlovy Vary Region
    • Karlovy Vary District
      • Jáchymov
        • Svornost Mine (Einigkeit Mine)
          • Geschieber vein
Ondruš P, Veselovský F, Gabašová A, Hloušek J, Šrein V, Vavrín I, Skála R, Sejkora J, Drábek M (2003) Primary minerals of the Jáchymov ore district, Journal of the Czech Geological Society 48, 19-147
  • Liberec Region
    • Semily District
      • Košťálov
Malec J. et al.: Jacutingait, paladiové zlato a Pd-selenidy v Cu-zrudnění z karbonských sedimentù od Košťálova u Semil (podkrkonošská pánev). Zprávy o geologických výzkumech v roce 2011, Mineralogie, petrologie a geochemie, 189-192.
  • Moravian-Silesian Region
    • Bruntál District
      • Rýmařov
Dolníček, Z., & Nepejchal, M. (2019). Sylvanit, clausthalit a doprovodné minerály ze železnorudného ložiska typu Lahn-Dill Pittenwald u Skal u Rýmařova. Bulletin Mineralogie Petrologie, 27(1), 82-88.
  • Olomouc Region
    • Jeseník District
      • Javorník
Sejkora, J., Pauliš, P., Škoda, R.: Uranové ložisko Zálesí v Rychlebských horách. Minerál, 2007, roč. 15, č. 4, s. 305-238.
  • Plzeň Region
    • Klatovy District
Sejkora J., Pauliš P., Kopecký S., Novák F., Malec J., Franc J.: Mineralogie uranového zrudnění z lokality Dlažov u Klatov (Česká republika). Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 2009, roč. 17, č. 2, s. 73-80.
  • Ústí nad Labem Region
    • Klášterec nad Ohří
- Hyrsl, J. & Korbel, P. (2009): Tschechien & Slowakei, Mineralien und Fundstellen. Page 71.
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Freiburg
      • Lörrach
        • Fröhnd
Markl, G. (2017). Schwarzwald. Lagerstätten und Mineralien aus 4 Jahrhunderten. Bd.4: Südlicher Schwarzwald. Das untere und das kleine Wiesental. Ed. Krüger-Stiftung. Bode Verlag, 31020 Salzhemmendorf, 880 pp. [p. 608].
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Donnersbergkreis
      • Winnweiler
        • Imsbach
    • Mayen-Koblenz
      • Kruft
Blass, G., Emmerich, F., Graf, HW., Schäfer, Ch., Tschörtner, J., (2006): Minerale der Eifelvulkane, Version 1.0, CD, published by authors
      • Mendig
Blass, G., Emmerich, F., Graf, HW., Schäfer, Ch., Tschörtner, J., (2006): Minerale der Eifelvulkane, Version 1.0, CD, published by authors
Blass, G., Emmerich, F., Graf, HW., Schäfer, Ch., Tschörtner, J., (2006): Minerale der Eifelvulkane, Version 1.0, CD, published by authors
        • Wingertsberg
Blass, G., Emmerich, F., Graf, HW., Schäfer, Ch., Tschörtner, J., (2006): Minerale der Eifelvulkane, Version 1.0, CD, published by authors
    • Rhein-Lahn-Kreis
      • Bad Ems
        • Frücht
XRD by Joachim Lorenz
  • Saxony-Anhalt
    • Harz
      • Harzgerode mining district
        • Neudorf
Lapis 15(7/8), 21 (1990)
Lapis 15(7/8), 21 (1990)
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
Siemroth,J./Witzke,T.:Die Minerale des Mansfelder Kupferschiefers.-Hettstedt 1999
  • Attica
    • East Attica
      • Lavreotiki
        • Lavrion Mining District
          • Agios Konstantinos (Kamariza)
            • Kamariza Mines (Kamareza Mines)
              • Hilarion Mine
Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
  • Madhya Pradesh
    • Jabalpur division
      • Balaghat District
        • Baihar Tehsil
          • Padritola
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Sikka, D. B., Petruk, W., Nehru, C. E., & Zhang, Z. (1991). Geochemistry of secondary copper minerals from Proterozoic porphyry copper deposit, Malanjkhand, India. Ore Geology Reviews, 6(2-3), 257-290.
  • West Java Province
    • Bogor Regency
The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 41, pp. 185-200 (2003)
  • Semnan Province
    • Abbas Abad mining district
Salehi, L., Rasa, I., Alirezaei, S., & KAZEMI, M. A. (2016). The Madan Bozorg, volcanic-hosted copper deposit, East Shahroud; an example of Manto type copper deposits in Iran. Geosciences 25:93-104.
  • Tehran Province
    • Abbasabad Mines
  • Yazd Province
    • Ardakan County
      • Ardakan (Ardekan)
http://www.fos.ut.ac.ir/~journal/G.80.1E_2.htm; Shekarifard, A., Rahimpour, B. H., & Rouh, S. J. (2004) Alteration of sulfide minerals in the Ardakan barite-chalcopyrite ore deposits. Iranian Journal of Crystallography and Mineralogy. Vol. 12, No. 2, 1383/2004 Fall & Winter
  • Southern District (HaDarom District)
    • Eilat
Shlomovitch, N., Bar-Matthews, M., & Matthews, A. (1999). Sedimentary and epigenetic copper mineral assemblages in the Cambrian Timna Formation, southern Israel. Israel Journal of Earth Sciences, 48(140), 195-208.
  • Aosta Valley
    • Saint-Marcel
      • Servette-Chuc mining complex
Tumiati, S., Casartelli, P., Mambretti, A., Martin, S., Frizzo, P., Rottoli, M. (2005): The ancient mine of Servette (Saint-Marcel, Val d' Aosta, western Italian Alps): A mineralogical, metallurgical and charcoal analysis of furnace slags. Archaeometry, 47, 317-340.
  • Liguria
    • Savona Province
      • Sassello
Notiziario di Mineralogia-Ferrania Club n° 16 dic.2002
  • Trentino-Alto Adige
    • South Tirol
      • San Giacomo (Sankt Jakob)
        • Vizze Pass (Pfitsch Pass; Pfitscher Joch)
Folie, K., Gentile, P., Hanke, M., Rocchetti, I. (2010): Mineralien aus der Umgebung des Pfitscher Jochs in Südtirol (II). Mineralien-Welt, 21, 4, 42-67.
Japan (TL)
  • Akita Prefecture
    • Kitaakita City
      • Ani-machi
Amer.Min.(1969) 54, 1256-1269
    • Odate
The Mineral Species of Japan (5th ed) Matsubara
Matsueda, H. et al (2000) Journal of the Mining College, Akita University, Ser. A, Mining Geology, 8, #3, 129-150.
Papua New Guinea
  • Central Province
    • Astrolabe mineral field
Noku, S.K., Espi, J.O., Matsueda, H. (2012) Magmatic contributions to the mineralization of the Laloki and Federal Flag strata-bound massive sulfide deposits, Papua New Guinea: Sulfur isotope evidence. Paper presented at PNG Research, Science and Technology Conference, Pacific Adventist University, Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea.
  • Tacna
    • Jorge Basadre Province
      • Ilabaya
        • Barrio Obrero Toquepala
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
  • Luzon
    • Cordillera Administrative Region
      • Benguet Province
        • Mancayan mineral district (Mankayan)
          • Bato Tabio
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
  • Lower Silesian Voivodeship
    • Bolesławiec County
      • Gmina Warta Bolesławiecka
        • Iwiny
Oszczepalski, S. (1999): Mineralium Deposita 34, 599-613.
Piestrzyński, A., & Pieczonka, J. (2012). Low temperature ore minerals associations in the Kupferschiefer type deposit, Lubin–Sieroszowice mining district, SW Poland. Мінералогічний збірник, (2), 59-66.
    • Lubin Co.
      • Gmina Lubin
Kucha H. 1979: Anilite, Cu7S4, from Lubin mine, Lower Silesia, Poland. Mineralogia Polonica, vol. 10, no 2, 89-96
Kucha H. 2007: Mineralogia kruszcowa i geochemia ciała rudnego złoża Lubin-Sieroszowice. Biuletyn PIG, vol. 423, pp. 77-94
    • Polkowice Co.
      • Gmina Polkowice
Handbook of Mineralogy
  • Évora
    • Vila Viçosa
      • Conceição
Gustavo Pereira Fernandes, Mineralizações de Cobre da Mina de Miguel Vacas: Caracterização Petrográfica e Geoquímica, Universidade de Lisboa, Faculdade de Ciências, Departamento de Geologia, 2012
  • Republic of Karelia
    • Ladoga Region
      • Pitkyaranta mining district (Pitkäranta mining district)
V. I. Ivashchenko, O. B. Lavrov, K. Sundblad and A. N. Toritsin (2007) Au-Ag-Bi-Te-Se vein mineralization at Roikonkoski, Karelia, northern Lake Ladoga region. Geological Survey of Finland, Guide 53 pp 51-56
  • Sverdlovsk Oblast
    • Nizhnii Tagil
    • Serovsky District
      • Turinsk-Auerbakovsk ore field
        • Turya river
          • Tur'insk
  • Tuva
Palyanova, G. A., Murzin, V. V., Zhuravkova, T. V., & Varlamov, D. A. (2018). Au-Cu-Ag mineralization in rodingites and nephritoids of the Agardag ultramafic massif (southern Tuva, Russia). Russian Geology and Geophysics, 59(3), 238-256.
  • Zabaykalsky Krai
    • Kodar–Udokan ore district
      • Udokan
Yakhontova, L. K.; Lebedev, V. L.; Guseinov, M. A.; Sokolova, E. V.; Nesterovich, L. G. (1988): Copper sulfates from the low-temperature supergene zone of the Udokan deposit. Vestn. Mosk. Univ., Ser. 4: Geol., (5), 38-43 (in Russian).
Saudi Arabia
  • Al-Qassim Region
Bakhsh, R. A. (2018). Microanalysis and genesis of Cu-Ag minerals in metadiabase dykes at the Jabal Zalm area, Saudi Arabia. Ore Geology Reviews, 95, 713-724.
Bakhsh, R.A. (2018): Microanalysis and genesis of Cu-Ag minerals in metadiabase dykes at the Jabal Zalm area, Saudi Arabia. Ore Geology Reviews 95, 713-724.
  • Central Serbia
    • Bor District
      • Bor-Majdanpek mining district
        • Bor
          • Bor Mine
JF Carpentier collection
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Revúca District
      • Nandraž
Koděra et all.,1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, I-III, 1590p
  • Catalonia
    • Lleida (Lérida)
      • El Pallars Jussà
        • La Vall Fosca
          • La Torre de Cabdella (La Torre de Capdella)
            • Castell-estaó
Castillo-Oliver, M.; Melgarejo, J.C.; Torró, L.; Villanova-de-Benavent, C.; Campeny, M.; Díaz-Acha, Y.; Amores-Casals, S.; Xu, J.; Proenza, J.; Tauler, E. Sandstone-Hosted Uranium Deposits as a Possible Source for Critical Elements: The Eureka Mine Case, Castell-Estaó, Catalonia. Minerals 2020, 10, 34.
  • Aargau
    • Wallbach
Beda Hofmann (1986) Small-scale multi-element accumulations in Permian red-beds of Northern Switzerland. N Jb Miner Mh pp 367-375
  • Grisons
    • Surselva Region
      • Tujetsch
        • Curnera Valley
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 42
  • Valais
    • Anniviers
      • Saint-Luc
Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
    • Goms
      • Obergoms
        • Ulrichen
          • Ägene Valley (Äginen Valley; Aeginen Valley)
            • Gries lake area
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 42
    • Monthey
      • Vouvry
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 42
  • Gümüşhane Province
Beih. z. Eur. J. Mineral 18 (2006) 28
Tindle, A.G. (2008) Minerals of Britian and Ireland
    • Argyll and Bute
      • Lochgilphead
[J.Russell Soc. 1998:38]
    • Highland
      • Loch Kishorn
Faithfull, J., Young, B., Starkey, R.E. (2012) Copper mineralisation at Rassal, Kishorn, Highland Region. Journal of the Russell Society, Vol. 15, pg. 49-58.
  • Alaska
    • Valdez-Cordova Census Area
      • Nizina Mining District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
USGS OFR 2003-404(Hudson,2003); USGS OFR 99-342
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
  • Arizona
    • Greenlee Co.
      • Copper Mountain Mining District (Clifton-Morenci Mining District)
        • Morenci
Grant, Raymond W., Richard A. Bideaux & Sidney A. Williams (2006), Minerals Added to the Arizona List 1995 to 2005: 1.
  • California
    • San Benito Co.
      • New Idria Mining District
        • Picacho Peak
Joseph F. Cooper Jr., Gail E. Dunning, Ted A.Hadley (2003) Minerology of the Victor Claim, Clear Creek Area, New Idria District, San Benito County, California.; Dunning, G. E., Walstrom, R. E., & Lechner, W. (2018) Barium Silicate Mineralogy of the Western Margin, North American Continent, Part Geology, Origin, Paragenesis and Mineral Distribution from Baja California Norte, Mexico, Western Canada and Alaska, USA. Baymin Journal, Vol. 19, No. 5
  • Kansas
    • Sumner Co.
Economic Geology (1990) 85:601-621
  • Michigan
    • Houghton Co.
      • Baltic
Buchholz, T.W., Falster, A.U., Simmons, W.B. (2010) New Data on Minerals from the Keeweenaw copper district, MI. The 37th Rochester Mineralogical Symposium, April 15-18, 2010
      • Painesdale
Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
  • Missouri
    • Iron Co.
      • Bixby
Sherwood, M. D., & Williams, G. A. (1998). Missouri mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 73(2), 98-117.
    • Reynolds Co.
      • Ellington
Rocks & Min.: 64:22&26.
Leach, D. L., Viets, J. B., Foley-Ayuso, N., & Klein, D. P. (1995). Mississippi Valley-type Pb-Zn deposits. Preliminary compilation of descriptive geoenvironmental mineral deposit models. US Geological Survey Open-File Report, 95-831.
  • North Carolina
    • Granville Co.
      • Virgilina District
Smithsonian Institution Mineral Reference Collection No.165301-00
    • Person Co.
Smithsonian Institution Mineral Reference Collection No.165316-00
Smithsonian institution Mineral Reference Collection No.165312-00
Smithsonian Institution Mineral Reference Collection No.165307-00
  • Oklahoma
    • Garvin Co.
      • Red Bed Mining District
        • Paoli
U.S.Geological Survey,2005,Mineral Resources Data System :U.S. Geological Survey,Reston,Virginia
    • Jackson Co.
      • Creta
Economic Geology; August 1980; v. 75; no. 5; p. 722-729; GSA Conference North-Central Section - 37th Annual Meeting (March 24–25, 2003) Paper No. 8-10 THE REPLACEMENT CHARACTER OF COPPER-SILVER MINERALIZATION IN THE PERMIAN FLOWERPOT SHALE AND WELLINGTON SANDSTONE FORMATIONS OF OKLAHOMA HAGNI, Richard D.
  • Pennsylvania
    • Lycoming Co.
      • Penn Township
Smith and Hioff (1984)
  • Virginia
    • Charlotte Co.
Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
    • Halifax Co.
Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
  • Tashkent
    • Okhangaron District
Kovalenker, V. A., Safonov, Y. G., Naumov, V. B., & Rusinov, V. L. (1997). The Epithermal Gold-Telluride Kochbulak Deposit. Geology of Ore Deposits C/C of Geologiia Rudnykh Mestorozhdenii, 39, 107-128.
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