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Leadhillite

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Formula:
Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Colour:
Colourless to white, grey, yellowish, pale green to blue; colourless in transmitted light.
Lustre:
Adamantine, Resinous, Pearly
Hardness:
2½ - 3
Specific Gravity:
6.55
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
Named in 1832 after the Type Locality, Susanna mine, Leadhills, Lanarkshire, Scotland.
Polymorph of:
The monoclinic dimorph of susannite.

A lead sulphate carbonate closely related to susannite and macphersonite. Typically found as small to microscopic clear to white tabular pseudohexagonal crystals (trillings). Tabular forms of susannite are very similar.

Heating leadhillite causes it to reversibly transform into susannite in the temperature range from 50 to 82°C (Bindi & Menchetti 2005).


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Classification of LeadhilliteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
5.BF.40

5 : CARBONATES (NITRATES)
B : Carbonates with additional anions, without H2O
F : With (Cl), SO4, PO4, TeO3
Dana 7th ed.:
17.1.2.1
17.1.2.1

17 : COMPOUND CARBONATES
1 : Miscellaneous
12.2.11

12 : Carbonates with other anions
2 : Carbonates with sulphate

Physical Properties of LeadhilliteHide

Adamantine, Resinous, Pearly
Transparency:
Transparent, Translucent
Colour:
Colourless to white, grey, yellowish, pale green to blue; colourless in transmitted light.
Streak:
White
Hardness:
2½ - 3 on Mohs scale
Hardness Data:
Measured
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Perfect
Perfect on {001} and easy.
Parting:
Translation gliding on {001}, as well as twin gliding with K1(340), σ2[140]; K2(34¯0), σ1[140].
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven
Density:
6.55 g/cm3 (Measured)    6.57 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of LeadhilliteHide

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.870 nβ = 2.009 nγ = 2.010
2V:
Measured: 10° , Calculated: 10°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.140
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High
Dispersion:
relatively strong

Chemical Properties of LeadhilliteHide

Formula:
Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
IMA Formula:
Pb4(SO4)(CO3)2(OH)2

Crystallography of LeadhilliteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
P21/b
Setting:
P21/a
Cell Parameters:
a = 9.11 Å, b = 20.82 Å, c = 11.59 Å
β = 90.46°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.438 : 1 : 0.557
Unit Cell V:
2198.21 ų
Z:
8
Morphology:
Usually as thin to thick tabular pseudohexagonal crystals, {001} with hexagonal outline; several rhombohedral and pyramidal forms common; also prismatic parallel to [001], or equant or granular. When [101] is developed the faces may show striations, or be curved.
Twinning:
Commonly twinned on {140}; as lamellar twins with the composition plane parallel to {142} or {340}; as aragonite-type contact twins; as penetration twins; with other twin laws producing pseudohexagonal groupings.
Comment:
Pseudohexagonal.

Crystallographic forms of LeadhilliteHide

Crystal Atlas:
Image Loading
Click on an icon to view
Leadhillite no.6 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Leadhillite no.36 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
3d models and HTML5 code kindly provided by www.smorf.nl.

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X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.
Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
11.6 (60)
6.78 (30)
3.57 (100)
2.94 (70)
2.89 (60)
2.62 (60)
2.11 (60)
2.06 (60)
1.554 (60)
Comments:
The 6.78 (30) line distinguishes leadhillite from susannite.

Type Occurrence of LeadhilliteHide

Synonyms of LeadhilliteHide

Other Language Names for LeadhilliteHide

Common AssociatesHide

AnglesitePbSO4
CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
CerussitePbCO3
LanarkitePb2(SO4)O
LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Caledonite84 photos of Leadhillite associated with Caledonite on mindat.org.
Cerussite75 photos of Leadhillite associated with Cerussite on mindat.org.
Linarite34 photos of Leadhillite associated with Linarite on mindat.org.
Boleite30 photos of Leadhillite associated with Boleite on mindat.org.
Lanarkite29 photos of Leadhillite associated with Lanarkite on mindat.org.
Anglesite19 photos of Leadhillite associated with Anglesite on mindat.org.
Cassedanneite12 photos of Leadhillite associated with Cassedanneite on mindat.org.
Pyromorphite11 photos of Leadhillite associated with Pyromorphite on mindat.org.
Galena10 photos of Leadhillite associated with Galena on mindat.org.
Diaboleite9 photos of Leadhillite associated with Diaboleite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

5.BF.05FerrotychiteNa6(Fe,Mn,Mg)2(CO3)4(SO4)
5.BF.05ManganotychiteNa6Mn2(CO3)4(SO4)
5.BF.05NorthupiteNa3Mg(CO3)2ClIso. m3 (2/m 3) : Fd3
5.BF.05TychiteNa6Mg2(CO3)4(SO4)Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Fd3
5.BF.10BonshtedtiteNa3Fe2+(CO3)(PO4)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
5.BF.10BradleyiteNa3Mg(CO3)(PO4)Mon.
5.BF.10CrawforditeNa3Sr(CO3)(PO4)Mon.
5.BF.10SidorenkiteNa3Mn2+(CO3)(PO4)Mon.
5.BF.15Daqingshanite-(Ce)(Sr,Ca,Ba)3(Ce,La)(CO3)3-x(PO4)(OH,F)2xTrig.
5.BF.20Reederite-(Y)(Na,Mn)15Y2(CO3)9(FSO3)ClHex. 6 : P6
5.BF.25Mineevite-(Y)Na25Ba(Y,Gd,Dy)2(CO3)11(HCO3)4(SO4)2F2ClHex.
5.BF.30BrianyoungiteZn3(CO3,SO4)(OH)4Mon. 2/m : P21/m
5.BF.35PhilolithitePb12Mn2+(Mg,Mn2+)2(Mn2+,Mg)4(CO3)4(SO4)O6(OH)12Cl4Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m)
5.BF.40MacphersonitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.BF.40SusannitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2Trig. 3 : P3

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

12.2.1BurkeiteNa6(CO3)(SO4)2Orth.
12.2.2HanksiteNa22K(SO4)9(CO3)2ClHex. 6/m : P63/m
12.2.3TychiteNa6Mg2(CO3)4(SO4)Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Fd3
12.2.4MotukoreaiteMg6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6][SO4]2 · 6H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
12.2.5FerrotychiteNa6(Fe,Mn,Mg)2(CO3)4(SO4)
12.2.6NakauriiteCu8(SO4)4(CO3)(OH)6 · 48H2OOrth.
12.2.7CarbonatecyanotrichiteCu4Al2(CO3,SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2OOrth.
12.2.8RapidcreekiteCa2(SO4)(CO3) · 4H2OOrth.
12.2.9TatarskiteCa6Mg2(SO4)2(CO3)2(OH)4Cl4 · 7H2OOrth.
12.2.10Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2OTrig.
12.2.12MacphersonitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
12.2.13SusannitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2Trig. 3 : P3
12.2.14WherryitePb7Cu2(SO4)4(SiO4)2(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
12.2.15CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6Orth. mm2 : Pmn21
12.2.16NasledovitePbMn3Al4(CO3)4(SO4)O5 · 5H2O
12.2.17JouravskiteCa3Mn4+(SO4)(CO3)(OH)6 · 12H2OHex.
12.2.18SchröckingeriteNaCa3(UO2)(CO3)3(SO4)F · 10H2OTric. 1 : P1
12.2.19ManganotychiteNa6Mn2(CO3)4(SO4)
12.2.20HauckiteFe3+3(Mg,Mn2+)24Zn18(SO4)4(CO3)2(OH)81Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P6/mmm
12.2.21ParaotwayiteNi(OH)2-x(SO4,CO3)0.5xMon.
12.2.22Carrboydite[(Ni1-xAlx)(OH)2][SO4]x/2 · nH2OHex.
12.2.23Mountkeithite[(Mg1-xFe3+x)(OH)2][SO4]x/2 · nH2OHex.
12.2.24CamérolaiteCu6Al3(OH)18(H2O)2[Sb(OH)6](SO4)Tric. 1 : P1

Fluorescence of LeadhilliteHide

Pale yellowish under (SW UV).

Other InformationHide

Thermal Behaviour:
Heating results in a reversible transformation into susannite. 2E is approximately 20° (2V ~ 10°) at ambient temperature (for Na) and decreases with increasing temperature. It becomes uniaxial negative at about 125° and remains so at higher temperatures.
Notes:
Soluble in nitric acid with effervescence, rendering a residue of lead sulphate. Exfoliates in hot water.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.
Industrial Uses:
None.

References for LeadhilliteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Bournon, Comte de (1817) Catalogue de la collection minéralogique particulière du roi, with atlas in fol., Paris: 343. (as Plomb carbonaté rhomboidal)
Brooke (1820) Edinburgh Philosophical Journal, Edinburgh: 3: 117 (as Sulphato-tricarbonate of Lead).
Beudant, F.S. (1832) Leadhillite, plomb carbonaté rhomboédrique. Trailé élémentaire de Minéralogie, second edition, 2 volumes: 2: 366-367.
Dufrénoy, A. (1847) Traité de minéralogie, 1st. Edition, Vol. 3: 152 (as Plomb sulfato-tricarbonaté).
Glocker, E.F. (1847) Generum et specierum mineralien secundum ordines naturals digestorum synopsis. Halle: 256. (as Psimythit)
Koksharov, N. von (1853) Materialien zur Mineralogie Russlands. 11 volumes with atlas: vol. 1: 76. (as Schwefelkohlensaures Blei)
Laspeyres, H. (1872) Ueber die chemische Zusammensetzung des
Maxit. - Journal für Praktische Chemie 5(1):470-476; Weinheim. (as Maxite)
Laspeyres, H. (1872) Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paleontologie, Heidelberg, Stuttgart: 407, 508. (as Maxite)
Laspeyres, H. (1873) Bemerkungen über den Maxit und Leahillit aus Sardinien. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paleontologie, Heidelberg, Stuttgart: 292.
Hintze, C. (1874) Ueber die chemische Zusammensetzung es Leadhillit's. Annalen der Physik, Halle, Leipzig: 152: 256-264.
Laspeyres, H. (1877) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 1: 193.
Mügge, O. (1884) Über Schlagfiguren und kunstliche Zwillingsbildung am Leadhillit, und die Dimorphie dieser Substanz. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, 6.
Artini, E. (1890) Giornale di mineralogia, cristallografia e petrografia, Milan: 1: 1.
Goldschmidt, V. (1890) Index der Krystallformen der Mineralien. 3 volumes, vol. 2: 301.
Dana, E.S. (1892) System of Mineralogy, 6th. Edition, New York: 921.
Pirsson, L.V., Wells, H.L. (1894) On the occurrence of leadhillite in Missouri and its chemical composition. American Journal of Science: 48: 219-226.
Mügge (1901) Jb. Min., Beil.-Bd.: 14: 259.
Palache, C., LaForge (1909) Notes on the crystallography of leadhillite. I. Leadhillite from Utah. Proceedings of the American Academy of the Arts and Sciences: 44: 435-465.
Palache, C., LaForge, L. (1910) Notizen uber die Krystallograhie des Leadhillits. I. Leadhillit von Utah. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 48: 129-133.
Goldschmidt, V. (1918) Atlas der Krystallformen. 9 volumes, atlas, and text, vol. 5: 133.
Larsen, E.S. (1921) The Microscopic Determination of the Nonopaque Minerals, First edition, USGS Bulletin 679: 99.
Hintze, Carl (1929) Handbuch der Mineralogie. Berlin and Leipzig. 6 volumes: 1 [3B]: 4243.
Yosimura, T. (1939) Caledonite and Leadhillite from the Toroku Mine, Miyazaki Pref., Japan. Journal of the Faculty of Science, Hokkaido University: 4: 453.
Palache, C., Berman, H., Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: Halides, Nitrates, Borates, Carbonates, Sulfates, Phosphates, Arsenates, Tungstates, Molybdates, Etc. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 295-298.
Fleischer, M. (1970) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 55: 1444-1449.
Russell, J.D., Milodowski, A.E., Fraser, A.R., Clark, D.R. (1983) New IR and XRD Data for Leadhillite of Ideal Composition. Mineralogical Magazine: 47: 371-375.
Giuseppetti, G., Mazzi, F., Tadini, C. (1990) The crystal structure of leadhillite: Pb4(SO4)(CO3)2(OH)2. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte: 1990: 255-268.
Gaines, R.V., Catherine, H., Skinner, W., Foord, E.E., Mason, B., Rosenzweig, A. (1997) Dana's New Mineralogy : The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana: 520.
Walenta, K., Kolitsch, U., Gulden, T. (1997) On leadhillite and susannite with special regard to occurrences in the Black Forest. Aufschluss: 48(1): 59-64. (in German)
Frost, R.L., Kloprogge, J.T., Williams, P.A. (2003) Raman spectroscopy of lead sulphate-carbonate minerals - implications for hydrogen bonding. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte: 2003: 529-542.
Bindi, L., Menchetti, S. (2005) Structural changes accompanying the phase transformation between leadhillite and susannite: A structural study by means of in situ high-temperature single-crystal X-ray diffraction. American Mineralogist: 90: 1641-1647.

Internet Links for LeadhilliteHide

Localities for LeadhilliteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Robinson Co.
      • Cobar
Gilligan L.B., Byrnes J.G. (1995) Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Cobar Metallogenic Map 1:250 000 (SH/55-14), Geological Survey of New South Wales, Sydney, 240pp.
    • Yancowinna Co.
      • Broken Hill
        • Broken Hill South Mine (BHS Mine; South Mine)
Australian Min. 3:1 (1997)
  • Queensland
[MinRec 19 p469-490 - "Sielecki, R: The Mount Isa-Cloncurry mineral field"]
    • Mount Isa City Shire
      • Mount Isa
Sielecki, R. (1988) The Mount Isa-Cloncurry mineral field. Mineralogical Record, Vol. 19, pg. 469-490.
  • Tasmania
    • Waratah-Wynyard municipality
      • Heazlewood district
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 298.
    • West Coast municipality
      • Zeehan district
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 298.
        • Zeehan mineral field
          • Tasmanian Smelting Company site
M. Latham Collection 2011
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Frantschach-St Gertraud
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
    • Friesach - Hüttenberg area
      • Hüttenberg
        • Waitschach
Kolitsch, U., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fink, R. & Auer, C. (2013): Die Mineralogie der weltweit einzigartigen Schlacken von Waitschach, Kärnten. Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien, Serie A, 115, 19-87 (in German).
      • St Martin am Silberberg
Blaß, G., Graf, H.-W. & Pichler, A. (1997): Sekundäre Neubildungen in Schlacken von St. Martin am Silberberg in Kärnten (2). Mineralien-Welt, 8(6), 54-55; Uwe Kolitsch (SXRD-analysis of drilling)
    • Gailtaler Alpen & Karnische Alpen
      • Bleiberg District
        • Bad Bleiberg
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
    • Karawanken
      • Finkenstein
        • Mallestiger Mittagskogel
G. Blass, H. W. Graf: Carinthia II 190./110.:190 (2000)
    • Kreuzeck group
      • Penk
        • Teuchlbach valley
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
  • Salzburg
    • Hohe Tauern
      • Rauris valley
        • Hüttwinkl valley
Kolitsch, U. (2015): 1930) Leadhillit und Susannit aus den Schlacken der Astenschmiede im Hüttwinkltal, Rauris, Salzburg. Pp. 236-237 in Niedermayr, G. et al. (2015): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXIV. Carinthia II, 205./125., 207-280.
  • Styria
    • Fischbacher Alpen
      • Rettenegg
        • Prinzkogel (Prinzenkogel)
          • Prinzkogel mines
            • Southern District
Jakely, D. et al. (2008)
Belgium
 
  • Liège Province
    • Verviers
      • Plombières-Vieille Montagne-Moresnet (Plombières-Altenberg-Moresnet) mining district
        • Plombières (Blieberg; Bleiberg; Bleyberg)
Blaß, G. & Graf, H. W. (1995b): Neufunde von Schlackenhalden in der nördlichen Eifel (II). Mineralien-Welt, 6 (3), 28-31.
  • Limburg Province
    • Dilsen-Stokkem
  • Luxembourg Province
    • Nassogne
José Dehove collection
Canada
 
  • Québec
    • Abitibi-Témiscamingue
      • Témiscamingue RCM
        • Saint-Bruno-de-Guigues
Sabina, A.P. (2000) Rocks & Minerals for the collector; Cobalt - Belleterre - Timmins, Ontario and Quebec. GSC Misc. Report 57, 97-100 p.
Channel Islands
 
  • Sark
    • Little Sark
Henwood, W.J. (1871): Transactions of the Royal Geological Society of Cornwall 8(1), 530-539
Chile
 
  • Atacama Region
    • Copiapó Province
      • Cachiyuyo de Llampos district
samples analysed by Gerhard Moehn
  • Tarapacá Region
    • El Tamarugal province
      • Pampa del Tamarugal
sample analysed by Tony Kampf, senior curator of NHM of LAC, California
China
 
  • Gansu Province
    • Jiuquan Prefecture
      • Subei Co.
Boling Pan, Jianshu Zhang, and Fachang Yang (1989): Geology and Prospecting 25(7), 16-22
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Central Bohemia Region
      • Příbram
RÜSENBERG, K. A. & PAULIŠ, P. (1996): Umbildungen und Neubildungen in den Schlackehalden der Blei- und Silberhütte von Příbram/ČR. Aufschluss 47, 267-287 (in German).
France
 
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Allier
      • Ébreuil
        • Échassières
J.M. Boisson et al. : "Filon Sainte Barbe, Commune d'Echassières, Allier, France", Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 2000, 4, 3-46
    • Haute-Loire
      • Sainte-Sigolène
        • Saint-Pal-de-Mons
Queneau Patrice Collection
    • Loire
      • La Pacaudière
        • Le Crozet
Chollet, P. & Devouard, B. (2013): La mine de cuivre et de plomb des Rats, Le Crozet (Loire). Le Règne Minéral, 109, 7-46.
Vernay, R. (1997): Le Crozet (Loire, France). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 55(1), 9-22. ; Chollet, P. & Devouard, B. (2013): La mine de cuivre et de plomb des Rats, Le Crozet (Loire). Le Règne Minéral, 109, 7-46.
    • Puy-de-Dôme
      • Menat
        • Blot-l'Église
Chollet Pascal collection
    • Rhône
      • Beaujeu
Chollet Pascal collection
        • Lantignié
Chollet Pascal collection
Y.Vessely collection;
      • Poule-les-Echarmeaux
Valverde J. (1999), L'ancienne mine de plomb argentifère de Longefay (Rhône), Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°4, pp: 14-24
  • Bourgogne-Franche-Comté
    • Saône-et-Loire
      • Saint-Léger-sous-Beuvray
        • Saint-Prix
          • L'Argentolle
Sarp, H. (1984): Seconde occurrence du nouveau minéral Scotlandite PbSO3. Schweiz. Mineral. Petrogr. Mitt., 64, 317-321.
ASSELBORN E. (1982) - Mine des Molérats à Saint-Prix, Saône-et-Loire. - Minéraux et Fossiles, 85, pp 15-19
  • Brittany
    • Côtes-d'Armor
      • Plélauff
inventaire minéralogique de la france No5, côtes-d'armor, Pierrot/Chauris/Laforet 1975
    • Finistère
      • Lopérec
P Le Roch collection
      • Poullaouen
Germain C., Leydet J-C., Saget Ph. (1990), Les minéraux de néoformation de Huelgoat (Finistère), Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°3, 3-16
  • Grand Est
    • Bas-Rhin
      • Lembach
Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997, 15-17
      • Villé Valley
        • Urbeis
Thierry Brunsperger collection and Nicolas Meisser analysis (Lausanne Geological Museum)
    • Haut-Rhin
      • Ste Marie-aux-Mines (Markirch)
Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997
  • Nouvelle-Aquitaine
    • Dordogne
      • Nontron
Legrand, N., Faure, E. & Lebocey, J.(2008): Minéralogie des Mines du Notronnais, Dordogne. Le Règne Minéral, 84, 5-22
  • Occitanie
    • Ariège
      • Saint-Girons
        • Aulus-les-Bains
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 297.
    • Aveyron
      • Asprières
Leconte J., Hatert F., Grégoire L., (2016) - Bréziès, Asprières, Aveyron, France - Micromonteurs, p. 58-62
      • Monteils
No reference listed
    • Lozère
      • Marvejols
        • St Léger-de-Peyre
Queneau Patrice collection
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Badenweiler
        • Badenweiler Pb mining District
          • Sehringen
Collection Elmar Lackner
      • Hausach
        • Einbach valley
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
      • Schauinsland Pb-Zn mining district
        • Hofsgrund (South field)
Schlomann, C., Steen, H., (1988): Über Sekundärmineralien von Schauinsland, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 39, 227-240
Schlomann, C., Steen, H., (1988): Über Sekundärmineralien von Schauinsland, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 39, 227-240
      • Todtnau
Steen, H., (1993): Die Grube Baumhalde bei Todtnau im Südschwarzwald und ihre Mineralien, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 44, pp. 267-276
      • Waldshut
        • Birkendorf
          • Schlücht valley
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992; Lapis 23(12), 46 (1998)
Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992; Lapis 23(12), 46 (1998)
      • Wolfach
        • Oberwolfach
          • Rankach valley
Walenta, K. (1992): Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 336 pp. (in German); WALENTA, K. (1999): Neue Mineralfunde von der Grube Clara. 8. Folge, 2. Teil. Lapis 24 (12), 40-44
  • Hesse
    • Odenwald
      • Lautertal (Odenwald)
        • Reichenbach
          • Hohenstein
Collection of Steffen Michalski, ex-collection and collected by Klaus PETITJEAN
  • Lower Saxony
    • Harz
      • Braunlage
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
      • Clausthal-Zellerfeld
        • Bockswies veins
          • Oberschulenberg
        • Zellerfeld veins
Gröbner, J. & Nikoleizig, J. (2009): Die Mineralien der Gruben Kahlenbergsglück & Grüne Tanne am Kahlenberg bei Zellerfeld. Mineralien-Welt 20 (4), 34-39.
      • Goslar
        • Astfeld
No reference listed
      • Lautenthal
No reference listed
      • St Andreasberg District
        • Beerberg
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Schnorrer-Köhler, G. (1991): Mineralogische Notizen V. Aufschluss 42, 155-171.
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Aachen
      • Eschweiler
Blaß, G. & Graf, H. W. (1995): Neufunde von Schlackenhalden in der nördlichen Eifel (II). Mineralien-Welt, 6 (3), 28-31.
      • Stolberg
Blaß, G. & Graf, H. W. (1995): Neufunde von Schlackenhalden in der nördlichen Eifel (II). Mineralien-Welt, 6 (3), 28-31.
Blaß, G. & Graf, H. W. (1995): Neufunde von Schlackenhalden in der nördlichen Eifel (II). Mineralien-Welt, 6 (3), 28-31.
International Association of Collectors of Slag Minerals, 9 (3), 3-6; Blaß, G. & Graf, H. W. (1995): Neufunde von Schlackenhalden in der nördlichen Eifel (II). Mineralien-Welt, 6 (3), 28-31.
    • Bergisches Land
      • Eckenhagen
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
      • Engelskirchen
        • Heckhaus
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
        • Loope
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
      • Reichshof
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
    • Eifel
      • Mechernich
        • Kall
Blaß, G. & Graf, H. W. (1995): Neufunde von Schlackenhalden in der nördlichen Eifel (II). Mineralien-Welt, 6 (3), 28-31.
    • Niederberg area
      • Heiligenhaus
        • Flandersbach
Lapis 1988(1), 16-35
      • Velbert
        • Rützkausen
Lapis 1988(1), 15-34; Harms, U. (2010): Sekundärmineralisation von der Grube Josephine in Velbert (Rheinland) - Beschreibung und geochemische Bildungsbedingungen. Decheniana (Bonn) 163, 179-184.
Lapis 1988(1), 13-35
    • Ruhr Coal Mining area
      • Essen
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
    • Sauerland
      • Iserlohn
        • Letmathe
Bender/Marl, D. & Krimmelbein/Altena, W. (1994) Aktuelle Übersicht: Mineralien der Zinkhütte Genna/Sauerland. Stand Juni 1994. Mineralien-Welt, 4/94, 10.
      • Meschede
        • Ramsbeck
S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
      • Sundern
        • Bönkhausen
Lapis, 14 (2), 22-27+33+42.
    • Siegerland
      • Burbach
      • Eiserfeld
        • Kohlenbach Valley
Henrich, M. (2009): Mineralien-Welt 20 (5), 14-27.
      • Müsen
Der Aufschluss 2000(2), 71-123
      • Wilnsdorf
Lapis, 12 (1), 11-18+42.
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Eifel
      • Adenau
        • Antweiler
- Graf, H. W.(1992): Mineralien der Nordeifel (2).- Mineralien-Welt, 3 (H. 3), p. 25-26.
        • Dümpelfeld
          • Lückenbach
Schüller, W., Reinhardt M. (2013): Eifelgold und Salamander: Die Grube Leimbach, Ahrtal.- Lapis, 38 (11), S. 26-31.
      • Mayen
        • Langenfeld
          • St Jost
Graf, HW., (1991): Die Grube Bendisberg, bei Virneburg / Eifel, Mineralien-Welt 5/91
      • Prüm
        • Bleialf
          • Neue Hoffnung Mine
Lapis, 16(2), 13-18+58.
    • Hunsrück
      • St Goar
S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
    • Lahn valley
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
        • Frücht
Der Aufschluss Vol.55, March/April 2004
    • Palatinate
      • Dahn (Dahner Felsenland)
        • Nothweiler
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
    • Siegerland
      • Niederfischbach
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
        • Niederndorf
Henrich, J. M. (2007: Die Mineralien der Grube Fürst Moritz bei Niederndorf. Mineralien-Welt 18 (4), 20-26. (in German)
    • Taunus
      • St Goarshausen
A. Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland, Schweizerbart (Stuttgart), 2001
    • Westerwald
      • Wied Iron Spar District
        • Neuwied
          • Dernbach
Buchert, D.E. (2012) Die Grube Schöne Aussicht bei Dernbach im Westerwald. Mineralienwelt, 23(3), 36-53.
  • Saxony-Anhalt
    • Harz
      • Tanne
        • Trautenstein
Lapis 8(9), 5 (1983)
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirge
Lapis 30(7/8):78-80 (2005)
Greece
 
  • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
    • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
      • Lavrion District Mines
        • Agios Konstantinos [St Constantine] (Kamariza)
          • Kamariza Mines (Kamareza Mines)
No reference listed
        • Megala Pefka area
          • Megala Pefka Mines
Lapis, 24, 7/8 (1999)
Lapis, 24, 7/8 (1999)
Schnorrer-Köhler, G., Standfuss, K. & Standfuss, L. (1982a): Connellit, Botallackit, Paratacamit und Leadhillit in den antiken Bleischlacken Laurions. Der Aufschluss 33, 3-6.
        • Sounion area
Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet and Rewitzer, Christian, (1996) Laurion: The Minerals in the Ancient Slags, Janssen Print, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
        • Thorikos area
Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet and Rewitzer, Christian (1996) Laurion: The Minerals in the Ancient Slags, Janssen Print, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
        • Vrissaki area
Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet, and Rewitzer, Christian (1996) Laurion: The Minerals in the Ancient Slags, Janssen Print, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
  • Thraki Department (Thrace; Thracia)
    • Évros Prefecture
      • Kirki Mines (Kirka)
L. Rantos collection
Hungary
 
  • Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén Co.
    • Rudabányai Mts
      • Rudabánya
Szakáll,2008
Iran
 
  • Esfahan Province (Isfahan Province; Aspadana Province)
Jörg Reichert, A metallogenetic model for carbonate-hosted non-sulphide zinc deposits based on observations of Mehdi Abad and Irankuh, Central and Southwestern Iran, Dissertation, Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg, 2007
    • Nain County (Nayin County)
      • Anarak District
        • Chah Milleh (Chah-Mileh; Tchah-Mille)
Wilke, H.J. (1977): Persisches Tagebuch (2). - LAPIS, 2, 7, p. 24-27
Ireland
 
  • Co. Wicklow
    • Glendasan
Found by George Ryback in 1963.
Moreton, S. & Green, D.I. (2007) “The mineralogy of the Wicklow lead mines”, Journal of the Mining Heritage Trust of Ireland, No. 7, p.19-32.
Italy
 
  • Friuli-Venezia Giulia
    • Udine Province
      • Forni Avoltri
Bortolozzi G,M., Ciriotti M.E., Bittarello E. and Moeckel S. (2015): Monte Avanza, Forni Avoltri; Carnia (Udine, Friuli-Venezia Giulia): conferme e nuovi ritrovamenti. Micro,1-2015, 2-39.
  • Latium
    • Rome Province
      • Anzio
Marco Bonifazi Collection
  • Liguria
    • Genova Province
      • Genova
        • Varenna Valley
Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 2 (Avril/Juin), 175-188.
  • Lombardy
    • Bergamo Province
      • Valtorta
Maida, F. (2002): Descrizione delle specie e varietà di minerali e loro ritrovamento nella bergamasca. G.O.M. Gruppo Orobico Minerali - Novecento Grafico, Ed., Bergamo 82 pp.
  • Piedmont
    • Torino Province
      • Canavese District
        • Chiusella Valley
          • Traversella
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
    • Vercelli Province
      • Sesia Valley
Luigi Chiappino data
  • Sardinia
    • Cagliari Province
      • Muravera
Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Brizzi G., (1993): Sarrabus Miniere e Minerali. Edito a cura dell'EMSA e "varie associazioni mineralogiche", 208 pp.
Pelloux A. – (1930) Leadhillite del Sarrabus. pp. 222-223. Periodico di Mineralogia - Roma
    • Carbonia-Iglesias Province
      • Domusnovas
        • Oridda Valley
Stara, P., Rizzo, R. & Tanca, G.A. - Iglesiente - Arburese, Miniere e Minerali - Gruppi Min. Italiani Ed.Vol.I, 240pp.
Stara, P., Rizzo, R. & Tanca, G.A. - Iglesiente - Arburese, Miniere e Minerali - Gruppi Min. Italiani Ed.Vol.I, 240pp.
      • Fluminimaggiore
        • Oridda Valley
Pelloux A. – (1930) Caledonite e leadhillite della miniera di Tiny nella valle di Oridda (Domusnovas) Sardegna. pp. 201-207. Periodico di Mineralogia - Roma; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 297.
Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Tanca, G. A. (1996): Iglesiente – Arburese, Miniere e Minerali. Associazioni e Gruppi Mineralogici Italiani Ed., 238 pp.
      • Gonnesa
Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Tanca, G.A. (1996): Iglesiente - Arburese. Miniere e Minerali. Volume 1 & 2. Nine Italian Mineralogical Groups/Associations, 192 + 239 pp.
      • Iglesias
Stara, P., Rizzo, R. & Tanca, G.A. - Iglesiente - Arburese, Miniere e Minerali - Gruppi Min. Italiani Ed.Vol.I, 240pp.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 297.
P.Stara, R.Rizzo, G.A.Tanca - Iglesiente Arburese Miniere e Minerali - 1996
        • Punta della Torre
De Michele, V. (1974). Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol
Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Tanca, G.A. (1996): Iglesiente e Arburese. Miniere e Minerali. Edito a cura dell'EMSA e "varie associazioni mineralogiche", Volume 1, 238 pp.
    • Medio Campidano Province
      • Arbus
        • Ingurtosu
Stara, P., Rizzo,R. & Tanca, G. A. (1996) - Iglesiente, Arburese, Miniere e Minerali (vol. II) - Associazioni Mineralogiche Italiane, 192 pp.
      • Arbus and Guspini municipalities
Preite, D., & Zuanel, A. (2007). Montevecchio: storia, miniere e minerali. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 31 (4), 230-246.
    • Sassari Province
      • Sassari
Del Caldo A., Moro C., Gramaccioli C.M., Boscardin M. (1973): Guida ai minerali. Fratelli Fabbri Editori, Milano, 208 pp; Mariani P., Scaini G. (1978): I minerali d'Italia. Compagnia Generale Editoriale, Milano, 574 pp. ; Ara D., Sanna L., Rossi A., Galli E., De Waele J. (2013): Minerali secondari in ambiente sotterraneo: la miniera dell’Argentiera (Sardegna nord-occidentale). In: Cucchi F., Gudi P. (eds.), Atti del XXI Congresso Nazionale di Speleologia “Diffusione delle conoscenze”, Sessione Attività di esplorazione e ricerca. Trieste 2-5 giugno 2011. Edizioni Università di Trieste, Trieste, 290-295.
  • Trentino-Alto Adige (Trentino-Südtirol)
    • Trento Province
      • Giudicarie Valleys
        • Chiese Valley
          • Daone
            • Daone Valley
              • Limes
Campostrini, I., Demartin, F., Gramaccioli, C.M. (2005): Val Daone. Minerali secondari del giacimento uranifero presso Limes, Daone (TN). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 4/2005, 228-240.
      • Mocheni Valley
        • Frassilongo
Boscardin M. and Bortolozzi G. (1985): Leadhillite e nacrite del Trentino. Riv. Mineral. Ital. 1, 39-40.
      • Valsugana
        • Novaledo
Rocchetti I., Gentile P. and Ferretti P. (2012): La Miniera di Frattasecca presso Malga Broi (Novaledo, Trentino-Alto Adige). Storia e nuove segnalazioni mineralogiche. Studi Trentini di Scienze Naturali, 92, pagg. 167-180.
        • Roncegno
-Bortolozzi G., Blass G., Boscardin M., Rocchetti I. and Ferretti P. (2013): La Miniera di Cinquevalli (Valsugana, Trentino-Alto Adige): aggiornamento sulle specie accertate negli ultimi anni. Studi Trent. Sci. Nat., 93, pagg. 149-165.
        • Vignola-Falesina
Maiello, F. (1998): I minerali del Monte Orno in alta Valsugana. Rivista MineralogicaItaliana, 1/1998, 53-55.
Paolo Gasparetto, Erica Bittarello, Andrea Canal, Lara Casagrande, Marco E. Ciriotti, Bruno Fassina, Paolo Ferretti, Sergio Pegoraro, Fabio Tosato, Paolo Zammatteo (2014): I lavori minerari del Rio Ricet, Vignola, Falesina, Trento. Micro, 12, 50-123.
  • Tuscany
    • Livorno Province
      • Campigliese (Campiglia Mountains; Campiglia Ridge)
        • Campiglia Marittima
Int. Assoc. of Collectors of Slag Minerals, 10 (2), 4-6.
http://www.comune.pisa.it/apsn/Articoli/Scorie/Capattoli.htm
        • Sassetta
          • Canina Valley
Jansen, H. & van den Berg, W. (1998): Slakkenmineralen in Toscane (Italië). Gea, no. 4, 109-117 (in Dutch).
      • Piombino
Franzini, M., Perchiazzi, N. (1992): I minerali delle scorie ferrifere etrusche di Baratti (Livorno). Atti della Società Toscana di Scienze Naturali, Memorie, Serie A, 99, 43-77; Franzini, M., Perchiazzi, N., Bartoli, M.L., Chiappino, L. (1992): Baratti (LI): una nuova località mineralogica italiana analoga al Laurion. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 15, 2 (2-1992), 67-75 [2a parte]; Cerutti, G.. Preite, D. (1995): Mineralien der etruskischen Schlacken von Baratti, Toskana. Lapis, 20, 4, 13-18 and 50.
  • Veneto
    • Vicenza Province
      • Recoaro Terme
        • Civillina Mt.
Boscardin M. et alii. "I minerali nel Vicentino", Museo "G. Zannato", Montecchio Maggiore, (Vicenza) 2011.
      • Torrebelvicino
        • Mercanti Valley
Zordan, A., Rocchetti, I., Boscardin, M. & Zorzi, F. (2012): Fassinaite del Monte Trisa, un nuovo ritrovamento nel Vicentino. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 2/2012, 100-109
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Chubu Region
      • Niigata Prefecture
        • Aga-machi (Higashi-Kanbara-gun)
Kojiro, T. et al (1999) Suisyou, 12, #1, 9-14.
    • Kinki Region
      • Hyogo Prefecture
        • Kawabe-gun
          • Inagawa-cho
Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
    • Tohoku Region
      • Akita Prefecture
Ohnishi, M., & Shimobayashi, N. (2011). Tsumebite from the Kisamori mine, Akita Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 106(1), 51-56.
  • Kyushu Region
    • Miyazaki Prefecture
      • Takachiho
Yosimura, T. (1939) Caledonite and Leadhillite from the Toroku Mine, Miyazaki Pref., Japan. Journal of the Faculty of Science, Hokkaido University: 4: 453. Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 298. Uehara, S., et al. (2014) Minerals from Kyushu and Yamaguchi. (Fukuoka Mineral Club, 355 pages)
Namibia
 
  • Kunene Region
    • Kaokoveld Plateau
Bowell, R J et al (2013) Minerals of the Kaokoveld District, Kunene Region, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 44:485-504
  • Otjikoto Region (Oshikoto)
    • Tsumeb
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 298.
  • Otjozondjupa Region
    • Grootfontein District
Von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2008) Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern, 637 pp (in English);
      • Kombat
Dunn, P.J. (1991), Rare minerals of the Kombat Mine, Mineralogical Record: 22(6): 421-425.
Norway
 
  • Vestfold
    • Larvik
      • Tvedalen
Åmli, R. & Griffin, W. L. (1972): Three minerals new to Norway. Wickmannite, leadhillite, and hydrocerussite. Nor. Geol. Tidsskr., 52, 193-196; Neumann (1985, p. 101).
Portugal
 
  • Beja District
    • Mértola
      • Corte do Pinto
Pedro Alves analytical data and collection.
Romania
 
  • Bihor Co.
    • Brusturi
G.Koller,2009
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Transbaikalia (Zabaykalye)
      • Chitinskaya Oblast'
        • Borzya
Seroka, P. (2001) - Fluorit, 6.2
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 298.
  • Northern Region
    • Murmanskaya Oblast'
      • Keivy Mountains
        • Western Keivy Massif
Voloshin A.V., Pakhomovskii Ya.A. [Волошин А. В., Пахомовский Я. А.] (1986): Minerals and evolution of mineral formation in amazonite pegmatites of the Kola Peninsula [Минералы и эволюция минералообразования в амазонитовых пегматитах Кольского полуострова]. Nauka, Leningrad, 168 pp. (in Russian).
      • Khibiny Massif
        • Eveslogchorr Mt
Yurii P. Men'shikov data
      • Lovozero Massif
        • Seidozero Lake
Yakovenchuk, V.N., Pakhomovsky, Ya.A., Men’shikov, Yu.P., Mikhailova, J.A., and Ivanyuk, G.Yu. (2007): Canadian Mineralogist 45, 451-456.
  • Urals Region
    • Middle Urals
      • Sverdlovskaya Oblast'
        • Ekaterinburg (Sverdlovsk)
          • Berezovskii (Berezovskii Zavod)
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 298.
South Africa
 
  • Gauteng Province
    • Pretoria District (Tshwane District)
Glass, J. (2006). The environmental impact of the abandoned Edendale lead mine near Tshwane, South Africa (Doctoral dissertation, University of Johannesburg).
  • Mpumalanga Province
    • Nkangala District
      • Delmas
Minerals of South Africa
Wight, Q. (2002). Through the'Scope: The Year in Micromounting: 2001 Was a Year of Change. Rocks & Minerals, 77(3), 181-189.
  • Northern Cape Province
    • Namakwa District (Namaqualand)
Minerals of South Africa
T. Q. Meyer, W. A. van der Westhuizen, G. J. Beukes, H. de Bruiyn and A. E. Schoch (1986) An Occurrence of the Hydrous Lead-Copper-Iron Silicate Creaseyite in South Africa. Mineralogical Magazine 50:346-348
Spain
 
  • Murcia
    • Cartagena
      • Sierra Minera de Cartagena-La Unión
        • Vista Alegre
FMF Forum
Switzerland
 
  • Uri
    • Urseren
      • Furka pass area
        • Gletschhorn
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 218.
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Anniviers Valley
      • Saint-Luc
Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
    • Binn Valley
      • Fäld (Imfeld; Im Feld; Feld)
XRD Analyses by N. Meisser, Lausanne, in Summer 2015
    • Goms
      • Grafschaft
        • Reckingen
          • Bächi Valley (Reckingen Valley)
Ref.: Stalder, H. A., de Quervain, Niggli, E., Graeser, St., Die Mineralfunde der Schweiz, (1973), p. 118
    • Hérens Valley
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 252.
Tunisia
 
  • Zaghouan Governorate
    • Sebala du Mornag
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 298.
UK
 
  • England
    • Cheshire
      • Alderley Edge
No reference listed
    • Co. Durham
      • North Pennines
        • Derwent Valley
          • Castleside
Norman Wilson collection
        • Lunedale
BMS Database
        • Weardale
          • Bollihope District
Norman Wilson collection
Norman Wilson collection
    • Cornwall
      • Callington District
        • Lezant
Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
      • Liskeard District
        • Lanreath
Starkey, R. E. (2012) The Herodsfoot Mine, Lanreath, Cornwall, England. Mineralogical Record 43:411-486.
      • Mount's Bay District
        • St Hilary
Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
      • St Agnes District
        • Cubert
          • Wheal Cubert (Cubert United Mine)
Rob Bowell, pers. comm. (Cardiff University analysis)
      • Wendron & Falmouth District
        • Falmouth
          • Falmouth Harbour
Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
    • Cumbria
      • Caldbeck Fells
BMS Database
        • Carrock Fell
No reference listed
No reference listed
BMS Database
        • Roughton Gill
Min Rec (2010) 41:21-45 Supplement - Classic Minerals of Northern England
Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 9, 2006
Green, D.I. (1989) Scotlandite from Higher Roughton Gill, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Mineralogical Magazine, vol 53, n° 373, 653.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. British Museum (Natural History), London. Green, D.I., Bridges, T.F., Rumsey, M.S., Leppington, C.M., and Tindle, A.G. (2008) A review of the mineralogy of the Roughton Gill Mines, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria: Part 2 The Roughton Gill South Vein on Balliway Rigg. Journal of The Russell Society, vol. 11, 3-28.; Bridges, T.F., Green, D.I., Rumsey, M.S., and Leppington, C.M. (2008) A review of the mineralisation at Red Gill Mine, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Journal of the Russell Society, vol. 11, 29-47.
Greg, R.P. and Lettsom, W.G. (1858) Manual of the mineralogy of Great Britain and Ireland. John van Voorst, London.; Hall, T.M. (1868) The Mineralogist's Directory. Edward Stanford (London), 168 pp.; Davidson, W.F. and Thomson, N. (1951) Some notes on the minerals of Westmorland and Cumberland. North West Naturalist, 23 (for 1948), 136-154.; Palache, C., Berman, H., and Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 297.; Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10, 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. British Museum (Natural History), London.; Jackson, B. (1990) Queitite, a first Scottish occurrence. Scottish Journal of Geology, 26(1), 57-58.; Bridges, T.F., Green, D.I., Rumsey, M.S., and Leppington, C.M. (2008) A review of the mineralisation at Red Gill Mine, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Journal of the Russell Society, vol. 11, 29-47.
Bridges, T.F., Green, D.I., Rumsey, M.S., and Leppington, C.M. (2008) A review of the mineralisation at Red Gill Mine, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Journal of the Russell Society, vol. 11, 29-47. Bridges, T.F., Green, D., Rumsey, M.S., and Leppington, C.M. (2011) A review of the mineralisation of the Roughton Gill mines, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria: Part 3 Roughton Gill Mine. Journal of the Russell Society, vol. 14, 3-23.
No reference listed
      • Escarpment District
        • Hilton
          • Scordale
      • Hartsop
[BMS]
      • Thirlmere
Paul Nicholson
      • Threlkeld District
        • Blencathra
UK Journal of Mines and Minerals number 29 2008
      • West Cumberland Iron Field
        • Cleator Moor
BMS Database
    • Derbyshire
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 297.
Ford, T., A. Sarjeant & M. Smith (1993): The minerals of the Peak district of Derbyshire. UK Jour. Mines & Minerals 13, 16-55.
      • Matlock Bath
        • Heights of Abraham
Ford, T., A. Sarjeant & M. Smith (1993): The minerals of the Peak district of Derbyshire. UK Jour. Mines & Minerals 13, 16-55.
      • Whitwell
vanadinite and descloizite, probably the best yet to be found in England and the secondary lead mineral suite including leadhillite, lanarkite, cerussite, anglesite, pyromorphite, scotlandite, mattheddleite and possibly susannite. Other minerals found were barite, calcite, hemimorphite, and sphalerite.
    • Devon
      • Dartmoor & Teign Valley District
        • Christow
Steve Rust Collection
    • Northumberland
      • North Pennines
        • East Allendale
Norman Wilson collection
    • Staffordshire
      • Ecton
        • Back of Ecton
S Rust collection
  • Scotland
    • Dumfries & Galloway
      • Wanlockhead
BMS Database; Green, D. I. (1987): The minerals of Meadowfoot smelter. UK Journal of Mines and Minerals 2, 3-9.
Tim Neall and David I. Green (2008): Kegelite, a first British occurrence, from Wanlockhead, Dumfries and Galloway, Scotland. Journal of the Russell Society 8, 110-111.
        • Wanlock Dod-Whytes Cleuch
S Rust Collection
BMS Database
S Rust Collection
    • Strathclyde
      • South Lanarkshire
Davies, T. (1877) VI. — Notes on vauquelinite from Scotland, and cantonite from Cornwall. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 1, n° 4, 112-114.; Scottish Journal of Geology (1987) 23, 1-8.
No reference listed
S Rust Collection
          • Mine Hill-Broad Law
BMS Database
          • Mine Hill
No reference listed
S. Rust collection
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 297.
          • Wanlock Dod
Temple, A.K. (1955) Trans. R. Soc. Edinb. 63, 104.; Livingstone, A. and Macpherson, H.G. (1983) Fifth supplementary list of British minerals (Scottish). Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 47, n° 342, p. 99-105.
S.Rust collection
S.Rust Collection
          • Wool Law
S.Rust Collection
  • Wales
    • Ceredigion
      • Ceulanymaesmawr
        • Talybont
          • Nant-y-Moch Reservoir area
BMS Database
UKJMM No5, Nat Hist Museum London.
      • Cwmrheidol
        • Ystumtuen
No reference listed
      • Trefeirig
        • Pen-bont Rhydybeddau
BMS Database
      • Upper Llanfihangell-y-Creuddyn
        • Cwmystwyth
No reference listed
        • Pontrhydygroes
BMS Database, UKJMM 17
      • Ysbyty Ystwyth
BMS Database
        • Lisburne Lead and Silver Mines
BMS Database
No reference listed
    • Powys
      • Machynlleth
        • Dylife
BMS Database
      • Old Radnor
        • Wethel
National Museum of Wales Database; Cotterell TF et al (2011) The mineralogy of Dolyhir quarry, Old Radnor. Powys, Wales. UKJMM 32:5-61
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Cochise Co.
      • Dragoon Mts
        • Middle Pass District
          • Escapule Mine group (Escapule Mine; Joe Escapule Mine; Moonlight group; Northside group; Garnet group; Arizona group)
rolf luetcke
      • Johnny Lyon Hills
        • Tres Alamos Wash
rolf luetcke
      • Mule Mts
        • Warren District
Mineralogical Record: 24: 421.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 112, 274; Min.Rec.: 12:307.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 274; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 298.
      • Tombstone Hills
        • Tombstone District
Rolf Luetcke specimens, originally field-collected by Richard Bideaux.
Ron Layton self collected
Rolf Luetcke specimen (ex-Marcus Origlieri)
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 274; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 55.
    • Gila Co.
      • Dripping Spring Mts
        • Banner District
          • Christmas area
            • Christmas
Raman analyzed at the University of Arizona.
    • Graham Co.
      • Aravaipa District
        • Santa Teresa Mts
          • Klondyke
            • Grand Reef Mountain
              • Laurel Canyon
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 274; Jones, R.W. (1980), The Grand Reef mine, Graham Co., AZ, Min.Rec.: 11: 219-225; Kampf, A.R., et al (1989), Grandreefite, pseudograndreefite, laurelite, and aravaipaite: Four new minerals from the Grandreef mine, Graham Co., AZ, Am.Min.: 74: 927-933; Mineralogical Record 22:381
    • Maricopa Co.
      • Big Horn Mts
        • Osborn District
          • Tonopah
            • Belmont Mountain
              • Tiger Wash
Raman analyzed at the University of Arizona.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 274; Allen, G.B. & W. Hunt (1988), The Tonopah-Belmont Mine, Maricopa Co., AZ, Min.Rec.: 19(3): 139-144.
      • Painted Rock Mts
        • Painted Rock District
          • Theba
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 141, 274; Wilson, W.E. & D.K. Miller (1974), Minerals of the Rowley Mine, Min.Rec.: 5: 10-30.
    • Pima Co.
      • Tohono O'odom (Papago) Indian Reservation
        • Comobabi Mts
          • Cababi District (Comobabi District)
            • Ko Vaya
              • Mildren Mine group
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 274, 278; Williams, S.A, (1963), Oxidation of sulfide ores in the Mildren and Steppe mining districts, Pima Co., AZ, Econ.Geol.: 58: 1119-1125.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 274; Williams, S.A, (1963), Oxidation of sulfide ores in the Mildren and Steppe mining districts, Pima Co., AZ, Econ.Geol.: 58: 1119-1125.
    • Pinal Co.
      • Mammoth District
        • Tiger
Dana 6: 922.
          • St. Anthony deposit
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 298; Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 100-101, 135, 141, 147; Williams, S.A. (1970a), Bideauxite, a new Arizona mineral, Mineralogical Magazine: 37: 637-640; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 67.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 254, 274; Bideaux, R.A. (1980), Tiger, Arizona, Min.Rec.: 11: 155-181; Palache, C. (1941b), Diaboleite from Mammoth mine, Tiger, AZ, Am.Min.: 26: 605-612; Fahey, J.J., et al (1950), Wherryite, a new mineral from the Mammoth mine, AZ, Am.Min.: 35: 93-98; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 44, 55.
Univ. AZ Bull. 41 (1916-17), Mineralogy of Useful Minerals in Arizona: 42.
    • Santa Cruz Co.
      • Patagonia Mts
        • Patagonia District
Rolf Luetcke
    • Yavapai Co.
      • Bradshaw Mts (Bradshaw Range)
        • Castle Creek District
          • Copperopolis
Rolf Luetcke
  • California
    • Inyo Co.
      • Argus Mts (Argus Range)
        • Zinc Hill District
          • Zinc Hill
Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 234; Mineralogical Record (1984): 15(1): 15.
      • Darwin Hills
www.mineralsocal.org
      • Inyo Mts (Inyo Range)
Calif. Div. of Mines & Geology Bull. #189, Murdoch, et al (1966): 50.; Calif. Div. of Mines & Geology Bull. #189, Murdoch, et al (1966): 50.
          • Cerro Gordo
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 298; Rogers, Austin Flint (1901), Mineralogical notes: American Journal of Science, 4th. Series: 12: 46; Merriam, Charles Warren (1963), Geology of the Cerro Gordo Mining District, Inyo County, California: USGS PP 408, 83 pp.: 43; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 234, 299; www.mineralsocal.org.
        • Malpais Mesa
USGS PP 368 "Geology & Ore Deposits of the Darwin Quadrangle, Inyo Co. CA"; Mackevett, Edward M. (1953): 9; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 234.
        • Russ District
          • Reward
Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 234; Mineral News Vol 16-5 Adams, Paul Microminerals From the Reward Mine, Inyo Co., California.; Adams, Paul (2010) The Brown Monster and Reward Mines Inyo County, California. Mineralogical Record 41:175-193.; Adams, Paul (2010) The Brown Monster and Reward Mines Inyo County, California. Mineralogical Record 41:175-193.
    • San Bernardino Co.
      • Signal District (Vontrigger District; Hackberry Mountain)
        • Piute Range [N]
          • Signal Hill
Rolf Luetcke
      • Silver Lake District
        • Soda Mts
          • Baker
            • Otto Mountain
Joe Marty specimens
Collected by and in the collection of Brent Thorne. EDS analyzed by Bob Housley.
          • Zzyzx (Fort Soda; Soda; Soda Springs; Zzyzx Mineral Spring Resort)
Crowley, Jack A. (1977), Minerals of the Blue Bell mine, San Bernardino County, California. Mineralogical Record: 8: 495, 496; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 234; Maynard, M. F. (editor) (1984), The Blue Bell Claims San Bernardino County, California, San Bernardino County Museum, pp. 61: 40; American Mineralogist, Volume 94, pages 1198–1204, 2009; Frost, R. L., Kloprogge, J. T., & Williams, P. A. (2003). Raman spectroscopy of lead sulphate-carbonate minerals–implications for hydrogen bonding. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie-Monatshefte, 2003(12), 529-542.
San Diego Natural History Museum
  • Colorado
    • Lake Co.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 298; Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
  • Idaho
    • Blaine Co.
R&M 70:4 pp 242-263
    • Shoshone Co.
      • Coeur d'Alene District
        • Kellogg
Mineral Record (1981) 12:339-347
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 298.
      • Pine Creek District
        • Pinehurst
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 298.
  • Massachusetts
    • Hampshire Co.
      • Easthampton
Dunn, P.J. and Marshall, J.H. (1975). The Loudville lead mine (Mineralogical Record 6(6):293-298).
  • Missouri
    • Jasper Co.
Rocks & Min., March 1998.
    • Newton Co.
      • Tri-State District
        • Granby Field
George Vaux collection at Bryn Mawr College, Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania, USA.; Foote, W M (1895) Note on the Occurrence of Leadhillite Pseudomorphs at Granby, Missouri. American Journal of Science 3rd series No 296 pp 99-100
  • Montana
    • Beaverhead Co.
      • Elkhorn District (Coolidge District; Wise River District)
Rocks & Minerals 81:340-355
      • Quartz Hill District (Vipond District)
Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240.
  • Nevada
    • Churchill Co.
      • Chalk Mountain District
        • Chalk Mountain
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Clark Co.
      • Searchlight District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
Dana 6:A3:45.
    • Eureka Co.
      • Eureka District
        • Ruby Hill
Rocks & Minerals, Nov. 1999
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Nye Co.
      • Lodi Hills
        • Lodi District
          • Marble camp
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • New Jersey
    • Sussex Co.
      • Andover Township
www.excaliburmineral.com/mink-n.htm
  • South Carolina
    • Spartanburg Co.
      • Spartanburg District
Dana 6th. ed. (1892): 922, 1080; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 298.
  • South Dakota
    • Lawrence Co.
      • Carbonate District
        • Spearfish
Rocks & Min.:60:112.
  • Utah
    • Juab Co.
      • East Tintic Mts
        • Tintic District
          • Eureka
Dana 6:1092 & A3:45; Dana 7:II:567 & Ency. of Mins., 2nd Ed:671.
    • Tooele Co.
      • Deep Creek Mts
        • Gold Hill District (Clifton District)
          • Gold Hill
Collected by and in the collection of Brent Thorne.
      • Oquirrh Mts
        • Ophir District
          • Ophir Hill area
Rocks & Minerals 83:1 pp 52-62
  • Virginia
    • Louisa Co.
      • Gold-Pyrite Belt
Minerals of Virginia, 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
  • Washington
    • Stevens Co.
      • Northport District
        • Leadpoint
          • Gladstone Mountain
Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington p.44,68
Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington p.45,68
  • Wisconsin
Irving,1883. Geology of Wisconsin V.1
Mineral and/or Locality  
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