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Leucophanite

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Formula:
NaCaBeSi2O6F
Colour:
Pale yellow, greenish white, yellowish green, colourless,
Lustre:
Vitreous, Greasy
Hardness:
4
Specific Gravity:
2.96
Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Name:
First found, around 1824, by the Norwegian priest and mineral collector Hans Morten Thrane Esmark (1801-1882) and later named as leucophan by him in 1829. From the Greek for white λευκός, and to appear, φαίνομαι, in allusion to its property of throwing back a white shine when observing it from certain angles. The first description was published by Erdmann (1840). The name was later changed, in the 20th century, to leucophanite. The crystal structure was solved by Cannillo et al. (1967).
This page provides mineralogical data about Leucophanite.


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Classification of LeucophaniteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
First Published:
1840
9.DH.05

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
D : Inosilicates
H : Inosilicates with 4-periodic single chains, Si4O12
55.4.2.4

55 : SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups,Generally with no Additional Anions
4 : Si2O7 Groups, Generally with No Additional Anions with cations in [8] and lower coordination
17.1.8

17 : Silicates Containing other Anions
1 : Silicates with fluoride (not containing Al)

Physical Properties of LeucophaniteHide

Vitreous, Greasy
Transparency:
Transparent, Translucent
Colour:
Pale yellow, greenish white, yellowish green, colourless,
Streak:
white
Hardness:
Cleavage:
Perfect
on {001}, distinct on {100},{010} and [201}.
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven, Conchoidal
Comment:
Triboluminescent with orange red light (http://www.mindat.org/mesg-6-204391.html)
Density:
2.96 g/cm3 (Measured)    

Optical Data of LeucophaniteHide

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.571 nβ = 1.595 nγ = 1.598
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.027
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
r > v

Chemical Properties of LeucophaniteHide

Formula:
NaCaBeSi2O6F
Common Impurities:
Al,Fe,Mg,K,H2O

Crystallography of LeucophaniteHide

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):
2 2 2 - Disphenoidal
Space Group:
P21 21 21
Cell Parameters:
a = 7.41 Å, b = 7.39 Å, c = 9.98 Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 1.003 : 1 : 1.35
Unit Cell V:
546.50 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Morphology:
Pinacoids {100} {010} and {001}, prisms {110}, {201}, sphenoids {111} and{1-11}
Comment:
Pseudotetragonal.

Crystallographic forms of LeucophaniteHide

Crystal Atlas:
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Leucophanite no.25 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
3d models and HTML5 code kindly provided by www.smorf.nl.

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Edge Lines | Miller Indicies | Axes

Transparency
Opaque | Translucent | Transparent

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X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

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Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Occurrences of LeucophaniteHide

Paragenetic Mode(s):

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Type Occurrence of LeucophaniteHide

General Appearance of Type Material:
Masses
Geological Setting of Type Material:
Nepheline syenite pegmatite
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Other Language Names for LeucophaniteHide

Norwegian (Bokmål):Leukofan
Simplified Chinese:白铍石
Spanish:Leucophanita
Traditional Chinese:白鈹石

Common AssociatesHide

AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
AstrophylliteK2NaFe2+7Ti2Si8O28(OH)4F
NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Aegirine50 photos of Leucophanite associated with Aegirine on mindat.org.
Serandite30 photos of Leucophanite associated with Serandite on mindat.org.
Polylithionite25 photos of Leucophanite associated with Polylithionite on mindat.org.
Albite11 photos of Leucophanite associated with Albite on mindat.org.
Natrolite5 photos of Leucophanite associated with Natrolite on mindat.org.
Analcime5 photos of Leucophanite associated with Analcime on mindat.org.
Birnessite4 photos of Leucophanite associated with Birnessite on mindat.org.
Astrophyllite4 photos of Leucophanite associated with Astrophyllite on mindat.org.
Chiavennite3 photos of Leucophanite associated with Chiavennite on mindat.org.
Ancylite-(Ce)2 photos of Leucophanite associated with Ancylite-(Ce) on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.DH.10OhmiliteSr3(Ti,Fe3+)(Si4O12)(O,OH) · 2-3H2OMon.
9.DH.15HaradaiteSrVSi2O7Orth.
9.DH.15SuzukiiteBaVSi2O7Orth.
9.DH.20BatisiteBaNaNaTi2(Si4O12)O2Orth.
9.DH.20Shcherbakovite(K,Ba)KNa(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)O2Orth.
9.DH.25TaikaniteSr3BaMn2+2(Si4O12)O2Mon.
9.DH.30KrauskopfiteBaSi2O5 · 3H2OMon.
9.DH.35Balangeroite(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+,Mn2+)42Si16O54(OH)40Mon.
9.DH.35GageiteMn21(Si4O12)2O3(OH)20Mon. 2/m
9.DH.40AenigmatiteNa2Fe2+5Ti(Si6O18)O2Tric. 1 : P1
9.DH.40DorriteCa4(Mg3Fe3+9)O4(Si3Al8Fe3+O36)Tric.
9.DH.40HøgtuvaiteCa4[Fe2+6Fe3+6]O4[Si8Be2Al2O36]Tric. 1 : P1
9.DH.40KrinoviteNa2Mg4Cr3+2(Si6O18)O2Tric.
9.DH.40Makarochkinite(Ca,Na)2Fe2+4Fe3+Ti[O2|BeAlSi4O18]Tric. 1 : P1
9.DH.40RhöniteCa2(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+,Ti)6[O2|(Si,Al)6O18]Tric. 1 : P1
9.DH.40SerendibiteCa4[Mg6Al6]O4[Si6B3Al3O36]Tric. 1 : P1
9.DH.40WelshiteCa4Mg9Sb3O4[Si6Be3AlFe2O36]Tric. 1 : P1
9.DH.40WilkinsoniteNa2Fe2+4Fe3+2(Si6O18)O2Tric. 1 : P1
9.DH.45SapphirineMg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.DH.50Khmaralite(Mg,Al,Fe)16[(Al,Si,Be)12O36]O4Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.DH.55Surinamite(Mg,Fe)3Al4BeSi3O16Mon.
9.DH.60Deerite(Fe,Mn)6(Fe,Al)3[Si6O17]O3(OH)5Mon.
9.DH.65HowieiteNa(Fe,Mn)10(Fe,Al)2Si12O31(OH)13Tric.
9.DH.65Taneyamalite(Na,Ca)(Mn,Mg,Fe)12Si12(O,OH)44Tric.
9.DH.70JohninnesiteNa2Mn2+9Mg7(OH)8[AsO4]2[Si6O17]2Tric.
9.DH.75AgrelliteNaCa2Si4O10FTric.

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

55.4.2.1FresnoiteBa2Ti(Si2O7)OTet.
55.4.2.2HardystoniteCa2Zn(Si2O7)Tet. 4 2m : P4 21m
55.4.2.3Jeffreyite(Ca,Na)2(Be,Al)(Si2O7,HSi2O7)Orth.
55.4.2.5Meliphanite(Ca,Na)2(Be,Al)[Si2O6(OH,F)]Tet. 4 : I4
55.4.2.6GugiaiteCa2Be(Si2O7)Tet.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

17.1.1HectoriteNa0.3(Mg,Li)3(Si4O10)(F,OH)2Mon.
17.1.3AgrelliteNaCa2Si4O10FTric.
17.1.4Fluorapophyllite-(Na)NaCa4(Si8O20)F · 8H2OOrth.
17.1.5Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2OTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/mnc
17.1.6Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2OTet.
17.1.7HsianghualiteCa3Li2(Be3Si3O12)F2
17.1.9NorbergiteMg3(SiO4)(F,OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
17.1.10Chondrodite(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
17.1.11Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
17.1.12ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
17.1.13CanasiteK3Na3Ca5Si12O30(OH)4
17.1.14Charoite(K,Sr)15-16(Ca,Na)32[Si6O11(O,OH)6]2[Si12O18(O,OH)12]2[Si17O25(O,OH)18]2(OH,F)4 · ~3H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
17.1.15CuspidineCa4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
17.1.16BultfonteiniteCa2(HSiO4)F · H2OTric.
17.1.17ZeophylliteCa13Si10O28(OH)2F8 · 6H2OTrig. 3 : R3
17.1.18Rowlandite-(Y)(Y,Ce)4Fe2+(Si2O7)2F2 (?)Tric.
17.1.19YuksporiteK4(Ca,Na)14(Sr,Ba)2(◻,Mn,Fe)(Ti,Nb)4(O,OH)4(Si6O17)2(Si2O7)3(H2O,OH)3Orth.
17.1.20Yftisite-(Y)(Y,Dy,Er)4(Ti,Sn)(SiO4)2O(F,OH)6
17.1.21Mosandrite-(Ce)(Ca3REE)[(H2O)2Ca0.50.5]Ti(Si2O7)2(OH)2(H2O)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
17.1.22Hiortdahlite(Na,Ca)2Ca4Zr(Mn,Ti,Fe)(Si2O7)2(F,O)4 Tric.
17.1.23BurpaliteNa2CaZr(Si2O7)F2Mon.
17.1.24SeidozeriteNa4MnZr2Ti(Si2O7)2O2F2Mon.
17.1.25Thorosteenstrupine(Ca,Th,Mn)3Si4O11F · 6H2O
17.1.26ZircophylliteK2NaFe2+7Zr2(Si4O12)2O2(OH)4FTric.
17.1.27JinshajiangiteBaNaFe2+4Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2FMon. 2/m
17.1.28RosenbuschiteNa6Ca6Zr3Ti(Si2O7)4O2F6Tric. 1 : P1
17.1.29NarsarsukiteNa4(Ti,Fe)2[Si8O20](O,OH,F)2Tet.
17.1.30SonoliteMn2+9(SiO4)4(OH)2Mon.

Other InformationHide

Electrical:
Triboluminescent with orange red light (http://www.mindat.org/mesg-6-204391.html). Pink, rarely blue in SW and LW UV light.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for LeucophaniteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Erdmann, A. (1840) Undersökning af leucophan, ett nytt mineral frän trakten af Brewig i Norrige, Kongliga Svenska Vetenskaps-Akademiens Handlingar: 1840: 191-200.
Bertrand, E. (1873) Twinning an hemihedrism of leucophane. Crystallograph. Soc.
Bertrand, E. (1877) Note on the law of twinning an hemihedrism of leucophane. Proceedings of the Crystallological Society. 35-37.
Brøgger, W.C. (1890) Die Mineralien der Syenitpegmatitgänge der Südnorwegischen Augit und Nephelinsyenite. Zeitschrift für Krystallographie und Mineralogie: 16(1): 663. (in German)
Bøggild, O.B. (1953) The Mineralogy of Greenland. C.A. Reitzels Forlag, Copenhagen, 439 p.
Chao, G.Y. (1967) Leucophanite, elpidite, and narsarsukite from the Desourdy quarry, Mont St. Hilaire, Quebec. Canadian Mineralogist: 9: 286-287.
Cannillo, E., Giuseppetti, G., Tazzoli, V. (1967) The crystal structure of leucophanite. Acta Crystallographica: 23: 255-259.
Cannillo, E., Giuseppetti, G., Tazzoli, V. (1969) On the crystal structure of leucophanite. Acta Crystallographica: B25: 993-994.
Grice, J.D., Hawthorne, F.C. (1989) Refinement of the crystal structure of leucophanite, The Canadian Mineralogist: 27: 193-197.
Cannillo, E., Giuseppetti, G., Mazzi, F., Tazzoli, V. (1992) The crystal structure of a rare earth bearing leucophanite: (Ca,RE)CaNa2Be2Si4O12(F,O)2, Zeitschrift für Kristallographie: 202: 71-79.
Jambor, J.L., Burke, E.A.J., Grew, E.S., Puziewicz, J. (1993) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 78: 672-678.
Grice, J.D., Hawthorne, F.C. (2002) New data on meliphanite Ca4(Na,Ca)4Be4AlSi7O24(F,O)4. Canadian Mineralogist: 40: 971-980.
Friis, H., Balic-Žunicv, T., Williams, C.T., Garcia-Samchez. R. (2007) Incorporation of REE into leucophanite: a compositional and structural study. Mineralogical Magazine: 71(6): 625–640.

Internet Links for LeucophaniteHide

Localities for LeucophaniteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Belarus
 
  • Homyel' Province (Gomel)
    • Zhitkovitschskii
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; E.P. Shpanov, G.N. Netschelyustov, S.V. Baturin, L.S. Solntseva (1989) Byelorussite-(CelNaMnBarTi,- Si8Or6(F,OH).HrO-A new mineral of the joaquinite group. Zapiski Vses. Mineralog. Obshch., I l8(5), 100- 107 (in Russian).
Canada
 
  • Québec
    • Montérégie
      • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
        • Mont Saint-Hilaire
Chao, G.Y. (1967), Leucophanite, elpidite, narsarsukite from the Desourdy quarry, Mont St. Hilaire, Quebec. Canadian Mineralogist: 9: 286-87.
Greenland
 
  • Kujalleq
    • Narsaq
      • Igaliku (Igaliko)
        • Narsaarsuk Plateau
Bøgghild, O.B. (1953): The Mineralogy of Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland, Bd. 149. Nr. 3., C.A. Reitzels Forlag, Copenhagen. 445 p (P.311-312); Petersen Ole V.,Secher K.(1985) - Gronland: Mineralien, Geologie, Geschichte. - Verlag Bode & Partner K.G., Bochum, 87 pagg.
        • Narsaarsuup Qaava
McDonald, A.M., Petersen, O.V., Gault, R.A., Johnsen, O., Niedermayr, G., Brandstätter, F. & Giester, G. (2001): Micheelsenite, (Ca,Y)3Al(PO3,OH,CO3)(CO3)(OH)6•12H2O,a new mineral from Mont Saint- Hilaire, Quebec, Canada and the Nanna pegmatite, Narsaarsuup Qaava, South Greenland. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte, 337-351
Petersen, O.V. (2001): List of all minerals identified in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin. 190, 25-33
Bøggild, O.B. (1953): The Mineralogy of Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland, Bd. 149. Nr. 3. 445 pages. (p.312)
Bohse, H., Petersen, O., Niedermayr, G. (2001): Notes on Leucophanite from the Ilimaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland, Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin, 190, 119-121
Bohse, H., Petersen, O., Niedermayr, G. (2001): Notes on Leucophanite from the Ilimaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland, Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin, 190, 119-121
        • Taseq area
Bohse, H., Petersen, O., Niedermayr, G. (2001): Notes on Leucophanite from the Ilimaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland, Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin, 190, 119-121; Grice, J. D., Kristiansen, R. Friis, H., Rowe, R. , Cooper, M. A. , Poirier, G. G. , Yang, P. & ,Weller, M.T. (2017) Hydroxylgugiaite: A new beryllium silicate mineral from the Larvik Plutonic Complex, southern Norway and the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland; the first member of the melilite group to incorporate a hydrogen atom. Canadian Mineralogist: 55: 219-232.
Bohse, H., Petersen, O., Niedermayr, G. (2001): Notes on Leucophanite from the Ilimaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland, Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin, 190, 119-121
Guinea
 
  • Los Archipelago (Los Islands)
Kazakhstan
 
  • Eastern Kazakhstan Province (Shyghys Qazaqstan Oblysy; Vostochno-Kazakhstanskaya Oblast')
    • Tarbagatai Range
      • Akzhaylyautas Mts (Akzhailyautas Mts; Akjaylautas Mts; Akzhalautas Mts)
Pavel M. Kartashov data
Norway
 
  • Telemark
    • Porsgrunn
      • Langangen
        • Kokkersvold E18 roadcuts
Raade, G., Åmli, R., Mladeck, H., Din. V. K., Larsen, A.O. & Åsheim, A. (1983): Chiavennite from syenite pegmatites in the Oslo Region, Norway. American Mineralogist. 68: 628-633
      • Langesundsfjorden
Engvoldsen,T.,Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1991): Pegmatittmineraler fra Larvik ringkompleks. STEIN 18(1),15-71
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
Larsen, A.O. & Raade, G. (1991): Gaidonnayite from the nepheline syenite pegmatite on Siktesøya in the southern part of the Oslo Region, norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift. 71: 303-306
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
      • Mørje
        • Sagåsen
Berge S.A. & Hansen,R.(1981): Mineralnotater. NAGS-nytt 8(1), 22
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
      • Rønningen (Skredderrønningen)
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
  • Vestfold
    • Larvik
      • Brunlanes
Field collected and identified by Knut Eldjarn, later identified as gugiaite
      • Hedrum
        • Farris
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
        • Lågendalen
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
Knut Eldjarn photo & specimen, Photo Id photo-155076
        • Arøya (Arö)
Svein A. Berge observation 1992
Brøgger, W.C.(1890): Die Mineralien der Syenitpegmatitgänge der südnorwegischen Augit- und Nephelinsyenite. Zeitschrift fur Kristallographie und Mineralogie 16, XVI, p.257
Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1996): Die Mineralien des Langesundsfjords und des umgebenden Larvikit-Gebietes, Oslo-Region, Norwegen. MineralienWelt 7(4):21-100
Knut Edvard Larsen collection # MM-2305
        • Barkevik area
Friis, H., Balic-Zunic, T., Williams, C. T. and Garcia-Sanchez, R. (2007): Incorporation of REE into leucophanite: a compositional and structural study. Mineralogical Magazine. 71: 625-640
          • Kjeøya
Frode Andersen observation 1989
Svein A. Berge collection (find 1978)
Brøgger, W.C. (1890): Die Mineralien der Syenitpegmatitgänge der südnorwegischen Augit-und Nephelinsyenite. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie und Mineralogie 16. 663 pp + 28 plates (p. 468-477)
Brøgger, W.C. (1890): Die Mineralien der Syenitpegmatitgänge der südnorwegischen Augit-und Nephelinsyenite. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie und Mineral.16. 663 pp
Engvoldsen,T.,Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1991): Pegmatittmineraler fra Larvik ringkompleks. STEIN 18(1),15-71
Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1996): Die Mineralien des Langesundsfjords und des umgebenden Larvikit-Gebietes, Oslo-Region, Norwegen. MineralienWelt 7(4):21-100
Erdmann A (1842) Undersökning af leucophan, ett nytt mineral frän trakten af Brewig i Norrige, Kongliga Svenska Vetenskaps-Akademiens Handlingar 1840, 191-200; Brøgger,W.C.(1880):Die Mineralien der Syenitpegmatitegänge der südnorwegischen Augit- und Nephelinsyenite. Zeitschrift fur Kristallographie und Mineralogie 16, XVI,663pp
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p (p.163)
        • Stokkøya (Stokø; Stockö; Stocköe)
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p.
Friis, H., Balic-Zunic, T., Williams, C. T. and Garcia-Sanchez, R. (2007): Incorporation of REE into leucophanite: a compositional and structural study. Mineralogical Magazine. 71: 625-640
        • Vesle Arøya
Brøgger, W. C. (1890): Die Mineralien der Syenitpegmatitgänge der südnorwegischen Augit-und Nephelinsyenite. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie und Mineral. 16, 663 pp (p.461)
Engvoldsen, T., Andersen, F., Berge, S. A. & Burvald, I. (1991): Pegmatittmineraler fra Larvik ringkompleks. STEIN 18 (1), 15-71; Berg, H.-J. (1997): Norvege. Autour de la PlaNet. Le Règne Minéral. 18, 53.; Larsen, A.O., Kolitsch, U., Gault, R.A. & Giester, G. (2010): Eirikite a new mineral species of the leifite group from the Langesundsfjord district, Norway. European Journal of Mineralogy. 22, 875–880
Bellezza, M., Franzini, F., Larsen, A. O., Merlino, S., Perchiazzi, N. (2004): Grenmarite, a new member of the götzenite-seidozerite-rosenbuschite group from Langesundsfjord district: definition and crystal structure. European Journal of Mineralogy, 16, 971-978.
      • Tjølling
        • Stålaker
Engvoldsen,T.,Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1991): Pegmatittmineraler fra Larvik ringkompleks. STEIN 18(1),15-71
      • Tvedalen
Larsen, A. O & Raade, G.(1997): Pyroksener fra Oslofeltets syenittpegmatitter. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 12,16-17
Personally collected by Peter Andresen in 2007; Knut Edvard Larsen collection # 1566
Engvoldsen,T.,Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1991): Pegmatittmineraler fra Larvik ringkompleks. STEIN 18(1),15-71
Peter Andresen collection, 2016.; Torfinn Kjærnet & Ragnar Salmen collection aug.2016, id visual + response in UV light
Nordrum, F. S. (2007): Nyfunn av mineraler i Norge 2006-2007. STEIN 34 (2), 14-26;Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
Nordrum, F.S. (2001): Noen funn av mineraler i Norge 2000-2001. STEIN 28 (2): 13- 19
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
Nordrum, F.S. (2012): Noen funn av mineraler i Norge 2011-2012. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter. 49, 117-124; Larsen, K.E. & Nordrum, F.S. (2013): Noen funn av mineraler i Norge 2012-2013. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift. 50, 111-117
Engvoldsen,T.,Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1991): Pegmatittmineraler fra Larvik ringkompleks. STEIN 18(1),15-71
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Prebaikalia (Pribaikal'e)
      • Buriatia (Buryatia)
        • Mama River Basin
          • Maigunda River
[MinRec 32:42]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
    • Tuva Republic
      • Sangilen Upland
Kapustin, Y. L., & Bykova, A. V. (1965). First find of hiortdahlite in the USSR. Doklady Akad. Nauk SSSR, 161, 121-124. ; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
  • Northern Region
    • Murmanskaya Oblast'
      • Khibiny Massif
[World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]
Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).
PEKOV, I.V. & NIKOLAEV, A.P. (2013) Minerals of the pegmatites and hydrothermal assemblages of the Koashva deposit (Khibiny, Kola Peninsula, Russia). Mineralogical Almanac 189(2), 7-65.
Pekov, I.V. & Podlesnyi, A.S. (2004): Kukisvumchorr Deposit: Mineralogy of Alkaline Pegmatites and Hydrotermalites. Mineralogical Almanac, vol. 7, 140 pages + xxiv photo's pages
Mikhailova, Y.A., Konopleva, N.G., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Pakhomovsky, Y.A. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(7), 590-598.
        • Yukspor Mt
[World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]
Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte (2003): 10: 461-480.
      • Lovozero Massif
        • Seidozero Lake
Yakovenchuk, V.N., Pakhomovsky, Ya.A., Men’shikov, Yu.P., Mikhailova, J.A., and Ivanyuk, G.Yu. (2007): Canadian Mineralogist 45, 451-456.
Semenov E.I. (1972) Mineralogy of Lovozero alkaline massif, - Moscow, Nauka, p. 308 (in Rus.)
Lyalina, L., Zolotarev Jr, A., Selivanova, E., Savchenko, Y., Zozulya, D., Krivovichev, S., & Mikhailova, Y. (2015). Structural characterization and composition of Y-rich hainite from Sakharjok nepheline syenite pegmatite (Kola Peninsula, Russia). Mineralogy and Petrology, 1-9.
Tajikistan
 
  • Region of Republican Subordination
    • Tien Shan Mtn
      • Alai Range (Alayskiy)
Canadian Mineralogist (2004): 42: 107-119; Zapiski Vserossiyskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva: 132(6): 15-21 (in Russian).
UK
 
  • England
    • Devon
      • Okehampton area (Northern Dartmoor)
Fraudulent Kingsbury locality.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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