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Libethenite

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Formula:
Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Colour:
Light to dark green, blackish green, olive-green; bluish green to light green in transmitted light.
Lustre:
Sub-Vitreous, Resinous, Waxy, Greasy
Hardness:
4
Specific Gravity:
3.97
Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Member of:
Name:
Named in 1823 by August Breithaupt after the type locality - Ľubietová (Libethen in German, Libetbánya in Hungarian), Slovak Republic. Prior to 1919, the locality was in the territory of Hungary.
Polymorph of:
Isostructural with:
Olivenite Group. Libethenite-Olivenite Series.
Compare zincolibethenite.

Libethenite is a secondary copper phosphate mineral found in the oxidized zone of copper ore deposits. The phosphate is often derived from the weathering of apatite and other rock-forming phosphates such as monazite and xenotime.
A rare case of probable primary libethenite from a greisen deposit is reported by Sejkora et al. (2006).


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Classification of LibetheniteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
8.BB.30

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
B : Phosphates, etc., with additional anions, without H2O
B : With only medium-sized cations, (OH, etc.):RO4 about 1:1
Dana 7th ed.:
41.6.6.2
41.6.6.2

41 : ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
6 : A2(XO4)Zq
19.2.1

19 : Phosphates
2 : Phosphates of Cu

Physical Properties of LibetheniteHide

Sub-Vitreous, Resinous, Waxy, Greasy
Transparency:
Transparent, Translucent
Comment:
Somewhat greasy on fracture surfaces.
Colour:
Light to dark green, blackish green, olive-green; bluish green to light green in transmitted light.
Streak:
Light green
Hardness:
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Poor/Indistinct
Very indistinct on {100} and {010}.
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven, Conchoidal
Density:
3.97 g/cm3 (Measured)    3.972 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of LibetheniteHide

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.701 - 1.704 nβ = 1.743 - 1.747 nγ = 1.787 - 1.790
2V:
Measured: 80° to 90°, Calculated: 88°
Birefringence:
0.080
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.086
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
High
Dispersion:
strong r > v
Optical Extinction:
XYZ = bca
Pleochroism:
Weak
Comments:
X= Pale yellowish blue
Z= Pale greenish blue

Chemical Properties of LibetheniteHide

Formula:
Cu2(PO4)(OH)
IMA Formula:
Cu2PO4(OH)
Common Impurities:
As

Crystallography of LibetheniteHide

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):
mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) - Dipyramidal
Space Group:
Pnnm
Cell Parameters:
a = 8.062(5) Å, b = 8.384(4) Å, c = 5.881(2) Å
β = 90°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.962 : 1 : 0.701
Unit Cell V:
404.27 ų
Z:
4
Morphology:
Crystals short prismatic or slightly elongated [100] with wedge-shaped terminations; also equant. {110} vertically grooved or striated, and {011} striated parallel to the edge with {111}.
Twinning:
None observed.

Crystallographic forms of LibetheniteHide

Crystal Atlas:
Image Loading
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Libethenite no.1 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Libethenite no.10 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Libethenite no.15 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
3d models and HTML5 code kindly provided by www.smorf.nl.

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Edge Lines | Miller Indicies | Axes

Transparency
Opaque | Translucent | Transparent

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X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.
Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
5.807 (80)
4.820 (100)
4.756 (70)
3.720 (50)
2.644 (40)
2.627 (60)
2.412 (30)
Comments:
ICDD 36-404

Type Occurrence of LibetheniteHide

Geological Setting of Type Material:
Polymetallic hydrothermal or deposit
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Synonyms of LibetheniteHide

Other Language Names for LibetheniteHide

Varieties of LibetheniteHide

PseudolibetheniteSaid to contain more water than Libethenite, probably identical with libethenite
Zincian Libethenite

Relationship of Libethenite to other SpeciesHide

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
AdamiteZn2(AsO4)(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
AuriacusiteFe3+Cu2+(AsO4)OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
EveiteMn2+2(AsO4)(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
ZincolibetheniteCuZn(PO4)(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
ZincoliveniteCuZn(AsO4)(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
Forms a series with:

Common AssociatesHide

AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Pseudomalachite168 photos of Libethenite associated with Pseudomalachite on mindat.org.
Quartz168 photos of Libethenite associated with Quartz on mindat.org.
Atacamite52 photos of Libethenite associated with Atacamite on mindat.org.
Halloysite45 photos of Libethenite associated with Halloysite on mindat.org.
Chrysocolla45 photos of Libethenite associated with Chrysocolla on mindat.org.
Malachite32 photos of Libethenite associated with Malachite on mindat.org.
Turquoise17 photos of Libethenite associated with Turquoise on mindat.org.
Cornetite12 photos of Libethenite associated with Cornetite on mindat.org.
Rashleighite7 photos of Libethenite associated with Rashleighite on mindat.org.
Azurite6 photos of Libethenite associated with Azurite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

8.BB.XArsenowagneriteMg2(AsO4)FMon. 2/m : P21/b
8.BB.05AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)FTric. 1 : P1
8.BB.05MontebrasiteLiAl(PO4)(OH)Tric. 1 : P1
8.BB.05TavoriteLiFe3+(PO4)(OH)Tric. 1 : P1
8.BB.10Triplite(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(F,OH)Mon. 2/m
8.BB.10Zwieselite(Fe2+,Mn2+)2(PO4)FMon. 2/m : P21/b
8.BB.15SarkiniteMn2+2(AsO4)(OH)Mon. 2/m : P2/m
8.BB.15Triploidite(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(OH)Mon. 2/m : P2/b
8.BB.15Wagnerite(Mg,Fe2+)2(PO4)FMon. 2/m : P21/b
8.BB.15Wolfeite(Fe2+,Mn2+)2(PO4)(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.BB.15Stanĕkite(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)Fe3+(PO4)OMon.
8.BB.15JoosteiteMn2+(Mn3+,Fe3+)(PO4)OMon. 2/m
8.BB.15HydroxylwagneriteMg2(PO4)(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.BB.20HoltedahliteMg2(PO4)(OH)Trig. 3m : P3 1m
8.BB.20Satterlyite(Fe2+,Mg,Fe)12(PO4)5(PO3OH)(OH,O)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3 1m
8.BB.25AlthausiteMg4(PO4)2(OH,O)(F,☐)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
8.BB.30AdamiteZn2(AsO4)(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
8.BB.30EveiteMn2+2(AsO4)(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
8.BB.30OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
8.BB.30ZincolibetheniteCuZn(PO4)(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
8.BB.30ZincoliveniteCuZn(AsO4)(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
8.BB.30AuriacusiteFe3+Cu2+(AsO4)OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
8.BB.35ParadamiteZn2(AsO4)(OH)Tric. 1 : P1
8.BB.35TarbuttiteZn2(PO4)(OH)Tric. 1 : P1
8.BB.40BarbosaliteFe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.BB.40HentscheliteCuFe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2Mon.
8.BB.40Lazulite(Mg,Fe2+)Al2(PO4)2(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.BB.40ScorzaliteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.BB.40WilhelmkleiniteZnFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2Mon.
8.BB.45TrolleiteAl4(PO4)3(OH)3Mon. 2/m : B2/b
8.BB.50NamibiteCu(BiO)2(VO4)(OH)Tric. 1 : P1
8.BB.55Phosphoellenbergerite(Mg,◻)2Mg12(PO4,PO3OH)6(PO3OH,CO3)2(OH)6Hex.
8.BB.60UrusoviteCuAl(AsO4)OMon.
8.BB.65TheoparacelsiteCu3(As2O7)(OH)2Orth.
8.BB.70TuraniteCu5(VO4)2(OH)4Tric. 1 : P1
8.BB.75StoiberiteCu5(VO4)2O2Mon.
8.BB.80FingeriteCu11(VO4)6O2Tric. 1 : P1
8.BB.85AverieviteCu6(VO4)2O2Cl2Trig.
8.BB.90LipscombiteFe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2Tet.
8.BB.90RichelliteCaFe3+2(PO4)2(OH,F)2Amor.
8.BB.90ZinclipscombiteZnFe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2Tet. 4 2 2 : P43 21 2

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

41.6.6.1OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
41.6.6.3AdamiteZn2(AsO4)(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
41.6.6.4EveiteMn2+2(AsO4)(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

19.2.2CornetiteCu3(PO4)(OH)3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
19.2.3ReichenbachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4Mon. 2/m
19.2.4LudjibaiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4Tric. 1 : P1
19.2.5PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4Mon. 2/m : P21/b
19.2.6NissoniteCu2Mg2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 5H2OMon.
19.2.7ZapataliteCu3Al4(PO4)3(OH)9 · 4H2OTet.
19.2.8TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1
19.2.9SieleckiiteCu3Al4(PO4)2(OH)12 · 2H2OTric.
19.2.10PlaneriteAl6(PO4)2(HPO4)2(OH)8 · 4 H2OTric. 1 : P1
19.2.11HentscheliteCuFe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2Mon.
19.2.13ChalcosideriteCuFe3+6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1
19.2.14Phosphofibrite(H2O,K)3.5Fe8(PO4)6(OH)7 · 5H2OMon. 2/m

Fluorescence of LibetheniteHide

Not fluorescent in UV

Other InformationHide

Notes:
Readily soluble in acids and ammonia.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for LibetheniteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Werner (1789) Bergmaennusches Journal, Freiberg (Neues Bergmannische Journal): 382, 385 (as Olivenerz).
Hausmann, J.F.L. (1813) Handbuch der Mineralogie 3 volumes, Göttingen: 1036 (as Blättricher Olivenmalachite).
Leonhard, K.C. (1821) Handbuch der Oryktognosie. First edition, Heidelberg: 143 (as Octaedrisches Phosphorkupfer).
Breithaupt, A. (1823) Vollständige Characteristik etc., 1st. ed.: 267.
Beudant, F.S. (1832), Trailé élémentaire de Minéralogie, second edition, 2 volumes: 2: 569 (as Aphérèse).
Des Cloizeaux (1858) Annales des mines: 14: 343.
Mueller (1858) Journal of the Chemical Society, London: 11: 202.
Field (1859) Chemical Gazette or Journal of Practical Chemistry, London: 17: 400.
Debray (1861) Comptes rendus de l’Académie des sciences de Paris: 52: 44.
Dana, J.D. (1868) System of Mineralogy, 5th. Edition, New York: 563.
Friedel and Sarasin (1879) Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie: 2: 157.
Schrauf (1880) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 4: 19.
Bergemann (1890) Annalen der Physik, Halle, Leipzig: 104: 190.
Dana, E.S. (1892) System of Mineralogy, 6th. Edition, New York: 786.
Melczer (1904) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 39: 288.
Goldschmidt, V. (1918) Atlas der Krystallformen. 9 volumes, atlas, and text: vol. 5: 149.
Larsen, E.S. (1921) The Microscopic Determination of the Nonopaque Minerals, First edition, USGS Bulletin 679: 100.
Strunz (1936) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 94: 60.
Heritsch (1939) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 102: 1.
Richmond (1940) American Mineralogist: 25: 452.
Guillemin, G. (1956b): Contribution à la minéralogie des arséniates, phosphates et vanadates de cuivre. II. Phosphates et vanadates. Bull. Soc. franç. Minéral. Cristallogr., 79: 219-275.
Rammelsberg, C.F. (1860) Handbuch der Mineralchemie. First edition, Leipzig: 344 (as Pseudo-libethenite).
Canadian Mineralogist (1995): 33: 885-888.
Anthony, J.W., Bideaux, R.A., Bladh, K.W., and Nichols, M.C. (2000) Handbook of Mineralogy, Volume IV. Arsenates, Phosphates, Vanadates. Mineral Data Publishing, Tucson, AZ, 680pp.: 313.
Sejkora, J., Ondruš, P., Fikar, M., Veselovský, F., Mach, Z., Gabašová, A., Skoda, R. & Beran, P. (2006): Supergene minerals at the Huber stock and Schnöd stock deposits, Krásno ore District, the Slavkovský les area, Czech Republic. Journal of the Czech Geological Society 51, 57-101.
Alexei A. Belik, Hyun-Joo Koo, Myung-Hwan Whangbo, Naohito Tsujii, Pan e Naumov, and Eiji Takayama-Muromachi (2007): Magnetic properties of synthetic libethenite Cu2PO4OH: a new spin-gap System. Inorg. Chem., 46, 8684-8689.

Internet Links for LibetheniteHide

Localities for LibetheniteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Argentina
 
  • Córdoba
    • Punilla Department
      • Tanti
Dina, H. (1993). Hentschelita en Cerro Blanco, Tanti, Córdoba. Informacion Tecnologica, 48(3-4), 277-282.
Mr. Nelson Valenzuela.
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Ashburnham Co.
      • Orange district
Australian Jour. Mineralogy 10:2 p 79
    • Canbelego Co.
      • Girilambone
Chapman, J. R., Sharpe, J. L. and Williams, P. A. (2005): The copper deposits at Girilambone, New South Wales. Australian Journal of Mineralogy, 11, 91-99.
    • Flinders Co.
      • Tottenham district
McKinnon, A. R., Sharpe, J. L. and Williams, P. A. (2005): Other notable mineral occurrences in the Cobar region. Australian Journal of Mineralogy, 11, 117-121. ; Narromine 1:250 000 Mine Data Sheets
    • Kennedy Co.
      • Goonumbla
Australian Jour. Mineralogy 10:2 pp 53-57
A.L. McLean, J.Chapman, J.L. Sharpe and P.A. Williams (2004): The mineralogy of the oxidised zone of the E26 orebody at Northparkes, New South Wales. Australian Journal of Mineralogy 10, 53-57. ; Clissold, M. E. (2007) Aspects of the Supergene Geochemistry of Copper, Nickel and Bismuth. PhD Thesis University of Sydney, Australia 162pp.
Australian Journal of Mineralogy 10:2 pp 53-57.
    • Yancowinna Co.
      • Broken Hill
Australian Min. 3:1 (1997)
  • Northern Territory
    • Coomalie Shire
      • Batchelor
        • Rum Jungle
Vera Munro-Smith (2006) Cobalt Mineralisation in Selected Australian Deposits. PhD thesis, University of Western Sydney.
    • Roper Gulf Region
      • Wollogorang Station
www.portergeo.com.au and www.redbankcopper.com.au
    • West Arnhem Region
      • Kakadu
Henry et al (1999) Aust Jnl Mineralogy 5(1)
  • Queensland
    • Cloncurry Shire
      • Cloncurry
Steve Sorrell Collection
Crane, M.J., Sharpe, J.L., and Williams, P.A. (2001): Records of the Australian Museum 53, 49-56.; Munro-Smith, V., Leverett, P., Sciberras, M. J., Sharpe, J. L., Williams, P. A. and Melchiorre, E. B. (2015): Copper and cobalt mineralization from the Desolation prospect, Mount Isa Block, Queensland. Australian Journal of Mineralogy 17, 83-87.; Vera Munro-Smith (2006) Cobalt Mineralisation in Selected Australian Deposits. PhD thesis, University of Western Sydney.
[UKJMM 19:24]
Steve Sorrell Collection
Crane, M.J., Sharpe, J.L., and Williams, P.A. (2001): Records of the Australian Museum 53, 49-56.
      • Kajabbi
Crane, M.J., Sharpe, J.L., and Williams, P.A. (2001): Records of the Australian Museum 53, 49-56.
      • Rosebud Station
        • Cattle Creek area
Uwe Kolitsch collection
        • Mary Kathleen district
Crane, M.J., Sharpe, J.L., and Williams, P.A. (2001): Records of the Australian Museum 53, 49-56.
Karl Volkman collection
      • Selwyn District
[UKJMM 19:24]
    • Mount Isa City Shire
      • Gunpowder District
        • Mount Gordon
Day, B. E. & Beyer, B. D. (1996): Some mines of the Mt Isa district. Part 3 - The Mt Oxide mine. Australian J. of Mineralogy 2 (1), 3-10.
  • South Australia
    • Eyre Peninsula
      • Middleback Range
        • Iron Knob
www.crocoite.com (Steve Sorrell) and refs therein
    • Flinders Ranges
      • North Flinders Ranges
        • Arkaroola Region (Arkaroola Station)
Museum Victoria Mineralogy Collection Judy Rowe Collection
Judy Rowe Collection
      • South Flinders Ranges
        • Wilmington
Mineralogical Record: 32: 214.
    • Mt Lofty Ranges
      • North Mt Lofty Ranges
        • Burra
[MinRec 15:106-107, 12:107, 25:127-128]; Noble R.J., Just J. and Johnson J. E., (1983), Catalogue of South Australian Minerals-1983, Government Printer, Adelaide, South Australia.; Grguric, B., Pring, A. & Drew, G. (1994), "The Burra Burra mine, Burra, South Australia", Mineralogical Record, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 121-129.
      • South Mt Lofty Ranges (Adelaide Hills)
        • Callington
Steve Sorrell Collection
  • Victoria
    • Swan Hill Rural City
      • Lake Boga
[AmMin 85:1321]; Am Min 93:691-697; W.D. Birch & D.A.Henry 1993. Phosphate Minerals of Victoria, The Mineralogical Society of Victoria special publication No. 3, pp. 14-27; D.A.Henry & W.D.Birch 1998. Sampleite and associated minerals from Lake Boga granite quarry, Victoria, Australia. Australian Mineralogist Vol. 3 Oct.-Dec. 1988, pp. 135-148
  • Western Australia
    • Ashburton Shire
Nickel, E.H., Gartrell, B.J. (1993) Secondary Minerals of Ashburton Downs Western Australia, Mineralogical Record (May-June 1993) 24:3: 203-218.
Mineralogical Record 24,203-216,218.
Nickel, E., Gartrell, B(1993): Secondary Minerals from Ashburton Downs Western Australia, Mineralogical Record (May-June 1993): 24:3:203-218
    • Upper Gascoyne Shire
Moolooite, a Naturally Occurring Hydrated Copper Oxalate; R.M. Clarke and I.R. Williams; Mineralogical Magazine, June 1986, Vol 50, pp 295-298
Clarke, R.M., Williams, I.R. (1986) Moolooite, a naturally occurring hydrated copper oxalate from Western Australia, Mineralogical Magazine (June 1986) Vol.50, pp295-298.
Belgium
 
  • Luxembourg Province
    • Stavelot Massif
Michel Bloindieau
        • Cahai (Cahay)
Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M. & van der Meersche, E. (2002): Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Ed., 304 p.
Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M. & van der Meersche, E. (2002): Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Ed., 304 p.
Brazil
 
  • Minas Gerais
    • Conselheiro Pena
Sergio Varvello collection
  • Pará
    • Carajás mineral province
      • Curionópolis
Cornejo, C. and Bartorelli, A. (2009): Minerals & precious stones of Brazil. Solaris Cultural Publications, São Paulo, Brazil, 704 pp.
Chile
 
  • Antofagasta Region
    • El Loa Province
      • Calama
        • Chuquicamata District
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 863, 946; Mineralogical Record: 9: 330.
      • Escondida
        • La Escondida Mine
Bárbara Romero, Shoji Kojima, Chilong Wong, Fernando Barra, Walter Véliz and Joaquin Ruiz (2011): Molybdenite Mineralization and Re-Os Geochronology of the Escondida and Escondida Norte Porphyry Deposits, Northern Chile. Resource Geology 61, 91–100.
  • Atacama Region
    • Chañaral Province
      • El Salvador district
Maurizio Dini database 2007
      • Inca de Oro
        • San Pedro de Cachiyuyo District
maurizio dini collection - analysed specimens
    • Copiapó Province
      • Cachiyuyo de Llampos district
        • Carrera Pinto
Samples analysed by Dr. Jochen Schluter (Hamburg University), Germany.
      • Quebrada San Miguel
Terry Szenics
      • Tierra Amarilla
        • Las Pintadas district
          • Cerro Pintado
Lieber, W., Schnorrer, G., (1993): Idiomorphe Pseudomalachit-Kristalle aus der Mina La Farola bei Copiapo, Chile, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 44, pp. 301-307
      • Zapallar district
        • Los Azules area
Leon Hupperichs collection
    • Huasco Province
      • Freirina
Josef Vajdak (2002) Mineral News, 18, #1, 6.
  • Coquimbo Region
    • Choapa Province
      • Combarbalá
        • Cogotí
Samples analysed by Dr. Jochen Schluter, Curator of Hamburg Mineralogical Museum, Germany, and Dr. Hubert Putz (Salzburg Department of Mineralogy)
    • Elqui Province
      • Coquimbo
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 863; Mineralogical Record: 23: 433.
  • Tarapacá Region
    • El Tamarugal Province
      • Collahuasi District
Sulphides analysed by geology dep. of company; sulphates, phosphates, analysed by Bob Jenkins (Usa) 2007
China
 
  • Hubei Province
    • Huangshi Prefecture
      • Daye Co.
Jingqu Yao (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(7), 35-40
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Central Bohemia Region
      • Příbram
        • Vrančice
Gröbner, J. und Braith, H. (2004): Libethenit von Vrancice, Revier Pribram / CR. Lapis, 29 (3), 42-42 (in German).
J.Gröbner 2004
    • Karlovy Vary Region
No reference listed
        • Krásno (Schönfeld)
Petr Pauliš (2000): Nejzajímavější mineralogická naleziště Čech, Kuttna, Kutná Hora; Sejkora, J., Ondruš, P., Fikar, M., Veselovský, F., Mach, Z., Gabašová, A., Skoda, R. & Beran, P. (2006): Supergene minerals at the Huber stock and Schnöd stock deposits, Krásno ore District, the Slavkovský les area, Czech Republic. Journal of the Czech Geological Society 51, 57-101.
      • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
        • Jáchymov District (St Joachimsthal)
Lapis 2002(7/8), 63-65
Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaïre)
 
  • Katanga (Shaba)
    • Katanga Copper Crescent
      • Kambove District
M Kampf collection
      • Kolwezi District
        • Kamoto
        • Kolwezi
In the collection of Brent Thorne. Acquired from Jewel Tunnel Imports.
        • Mutoshi (Ruwe)
Deliens, M. L (1989) Agardite-(y) De Mutoshi, Shaba, Zaire. Annales de la Societe Geolique de Belgique 112:207-213
      • Likasi (Jadotville; Jadotstad)
Lapis 17(3), 13-40 (1992)
      • Luambo
      • Lubumbashi (Elizabethville)
Lapis 17(3), 13-40 (1992)
      • Shinkolobwe
Bull. Mineral., 1988, 111
Paul De Bondt collection
    • Kipushi
Piret, P., Deliens, M., & Piret-Meunier, J. (1985). Occurrence and crystal structure of kipushite, a new copper-zinc phosphate from Kipushi, Zaire. Canadian Mineralogist, 23, 35-42.
Finland
 
  • Western and Inner Finland Region
    • Seinäjoki
Mäkitie, H. &al. 2001. Compositional variations of granitic pegmatites in relation to regional metamorphism in the Seinäjoki region, western Finland. In: Svecofennian granitic pegmatites (1.86-1.79 Ga) and quartz monzonite (1.87 Ga), and their metamorphic enviroment in the Seinäjoki region western Finland. Geological Survey of Finland, Special Paper 30, 31-59.
Alviola, R 1989.The granitic pegmatites of the Somero-Tammela area.Symposium Precambrian granitoids.Petrogenesis, geochemistry and metallogeny, August 14-17, 1989, Helsinki, Finland.Excursion C1: Lateorogenic and synorogenic Svecofennian granitoids and associated pegmatites of southern Finland. ed S. I. Lahti.Geologian tutkimuskeskus, Espoo, Opas 26, 41-48.
France
 
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Allier
      • Ébreuil
        • Échassières
Mario Mebus collection (SXRD-analysed by Uwe Kolitsch)
Chollet Pascal collection
    • Rhône
      • Beaujeu
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 863.
      • Le Bois d'Oingt
        • Chessy-les-Mines
[Le Cahier des Micromonteurs 1988, 4, p.6-46]
  • Grand Est
    • Haut-Rhin
      • Fecht valley (Munster valley)
        • Zimmerbach
Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", 1997
  • Nouvelle-Aquitaine
    • Creuse
      • Soumans
        • Montebras
Patureau, J., Chiappero, P-J. & Lebocey, J. (2011): Mines et minéraux de Montebras, Soumans, Creuse. Le Règne Minéral. 99, 5-33
  • Occitanie
    • Aveyron
      • Monteils
Falgayrolles (Aveyron), Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°3 2010 Les Mineraux de la Mine de Falgayrolles ( Aveyron ) - Favreau G., Eytier J-R., Eytier C. (2010), Les minéraux de la mine de Falgayrolles (Aveyron), Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°109
      • Najac
Patrice Queneau Collection; Jean Claude Dol; Boisson, J.-M. & Leconte, J. (2014): Analyses 2012-2013 MNHN-MICROMONTEURS. La revue de Micromonteurs, 21.
    • Gard
      • Alzon
Robert Pecorini collection
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Calw
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
      • Gengenbach
        • Haigerach valley
Wittern,A. (1995) Mineralien finden im Schwarzwald
      • Wolfach
        • Oberwolfach
          • Rankach valley
U. Kolitsch, G. Blaß, H.-W. Graf und J. Gröbner (2004): Neufunde aus der Grube Clara im mittleren Schwarzwald. Lapis 29 (2) 18-23; 50. (in German)
  • Bavaria
    • Upper Palatinate
      • Waidhaus
        • Hagendorf
http://www.berthold-weber.de/h_miner.htm
  • Hesse
    • Korbach
      • Goldhausen
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
    • Odenwald
      • Lautertal (Odenwald)
        • Reichenbach
          • Borstein
Collection of Steffen Michalski, ex-collection and collected by Klaus PETITJEAN
          • Hohenstein
Lapis, 12 (10), 23-32+58.
    • Wetzlar
      • Weilburg
        • Essershausen
Blaß, G. & Möhn, G. (2010): Neue Mineralien von der Grube Mark bei Essershausen im Taunus. Mineralien-Welt 21 (2), 26-29.
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Eifel
      • Mechernich
        • Kall
Blaß, G. & Graf, H. W. (1995): Neufunde von Schlackenhalden in der nördlichen Eifel (II). Mineralien-Welt, 6 (3), 28-31.
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Eifel
      • Mayen
        • Langenfeld
          • St Jost
Graf, HW., (1991): Die Grube Bendisberg, bei Virneburg / Eifel, Mineralien-Welt 5/91
    • Westerwald
      • Linz am Rhein
        • Rheinbreitbach
Christof Schäfer
  • Saarland
    • Saarlouis
      • Düppenweiler
- Gerhard Müller: Bergbau-PSL-Mineralogie, Blatt Reimsbach Punkt 6506.30-1, Seite 1-9,(Saarbrücken 1996)
R. Lang pers. finds
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirge
      • Clausnitz - Sayda District
        • Sayda
J. Gröbner und U. Kolitsch (2006): Neufunde aus dem Erzgebirge (II). Mineralien-Welt 17 (3), 22-27.
Lapis 30(7/8):78-80 (2005)
      • Schwarzenberg District
        • Langenberg
          • Graul
http://www.dergraul.de
  • Thuringia
    • Bad Lobenstein
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
    • Gera
      • Ronneburg U deposit
Confirmed by Steffen Michalski
    • Vogtland
      • Hirschberg
        • Ullersreuth
T. Witzke et al.: Lapis 2001(12), 13-27
Italy
 
  • Calabria
    • Cosenza Province
      • Sant'Agata di Esaro
Larocca F. (2012): Grotta della Monaca (Calabria, Italia Meridionale): Una miniera neolitica per l’estrazione dell’ocra. In: Borrell M. et al., (eds.), (2012), Xarxes al Neolític. Circulació i intercanvi de materiès, productes i idees a la Mediterrània occidental (VII-III millenni aC). Actes Congrés Internacional, Gavà/Bellaterra, 2-4 febrer 2011. Rubricatum, 5, 249-256.
  • Liguria
    • La Spezia Province
      • Rocchetta Vara
Balestra, C., & Kolitsch, U. (2007). Segnalazione di libethenite alla miniera di Monte Nero. Prie, 3 (2007), 27-29.
  • Sardinia
    • Carbonia-Iglesias Province
      • Domusnovas
        • Oridda
Perchiazzi N., Preite D. (1986) - Libethenite e Vesuviana di Sa Duchessa (CA) - Riv. Miner. Ital., Milano, fasc. 4, pp. 188-189
    • Medio Campidano Province
      • Furtei
        • Furtei mine
Ruggieri, G., Lattanzi, P., Luxoro, S., Dessi, R., Benvenuti. M, & Tanelli, G., 1997. Geology, Mineralogy and Fluid Inclusion Data of the Furtei High Sulfidation Gold Deposit, Sardinia, Italy. Economic Geology, 92 (1), 1-19.
Ruggieri, G., Lattanzi, P., Luxoro, S., Dessi, R., Benvenuti. M, & Tanelli, G., 1997. Geology, Mineralogy and Fluid Inclusion Data of the Furtei High Sulfidation Gold Deposit, Sardinia, Italy. Economic Geology, 92 (1), 1-19.
  • Tuscany
    • Grosseto Province
      • Massa Marittima
        • Prata
Bardi, T., Bazzoni, C., Bernocchi, M., Betti, C., Biagioni, C., D'Orazio, M. & Pagani, G. (2017) Cretaio. La vecchia ricerca cuprifera presso Prata, Massa Marittima (GR). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 41, 104-118.
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Kinki Region
      • Shiga Prefecture
        • Konan City
          • Ishibe
Takada & Matsubara (1989) Chigaku Kenkyu, 38, 75-82
Kazakhstan
 
  • Karagandy Province (Qaragandy Oblysy; Karaganda Oblast')
    • Chu-Sarysu basin
      • Dzhezkazgan (Zhezqazghan)
Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
Laos
 
  • Savannakhét Province
    • Vilabouly District
      • Sepon Mine
Michael Stott
Mexico
 
  • Durango
    • Mun. de Mapimí
      • Mapimí
No reference listed
Thomas P. Moore (2008) Lapis, 33, #7-8, 33-40.
  • Sonora
      • Piedras Verdes
Espinosa Perea, V. J. (1999). Magmatic evolution and geochemistry of the Piedras Verdes deposit, Sonora, Mexico. MS thesis University of Arizona
    • Mun. de Moctezuma
      • Moctezuma
In the collection of Georges Favreau.
Lapis 2001(1), 11-40
Lapis 2001(1), 11-40
    • Mun. de Naco
      • Cerro Morita
Mineralogical Magazine 1972 38 : 541-544.
Morocco
 
  • Drâa-Tafilalet Region
    • Ouarzazate Province
      • Tazenakht
Favreau, G. (2012): Les minéralisations à phosphates de la pegmatite d'Angarf-Sud (Maroc).Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 3-2012, 3-70.
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
    • Rudawy Janowickie Mts
      • Jelenia Góra District
Siuda, R., Gołębiowska, B. (2003): Nowe dane o minerałach wietrzeniowych złoża Miedzianka-Ciechanowice w Rudawach Janowickich (Dolny Śląsk, Polska). Przegląd Geologiczny: 59(3): 226-252 (in Polish)
Portugal
 
  • Beja District
    • Barrancos
      • Barrancos
Pedro Alves collection.
  • Castelo Branco District
    • Vila Velha de Rodão
      • Tostão
        • Ingadanais Mines
Martins da Pedra collection
  • Évora District
    • Alandroal
      • São Brás dos Matos
Pedro Alves and Rui Nunes visit 18 July 2015
    • Estremoz
      • Glória
Bello mineral collection in the MNHN Lisbon. Rui Nunes and Artur Neves collections.
    • Évora
      • Nossa Senhora da Tourega
Pedro Alves Collection.
    • Vila Viçosa
      • Conceição
[www.johnbetts-fineminerals.com]
  • Faro District
    • Alcoutim
      • Vaqueiros
        • Alcaria Queimada
Pedro Alves collection and analytical data.
Pedro Alves Collection
Pedro Alves collection and analytical data.
  • Guarda District
    • Sabugal
      • Bendada
Schnorrer-Köhler (1991), Mineral Occurrences.
Alves, P. and Mills, S. (2013) Nuevos datos sobre los fosfatos de Bendada, Sabugal (Portugal). Acopios, 4, 349-377
      • Sortelha
        • Quarta-Feira
Bello, A. de Oliveira, 1910, Minéraux Portugais - Bulletin de la Société Portugaise des Sciences Naturelles, Vol IV, fasc. 2, Livraria Ferin, Lisboa. Museu Nacional de História Natural e da Ciência, Lisbon [former A. Bello mineral collection].
  • Viseu District
    • Sátão
      • Ferreira de Aves
        • Aldeia Nova
Pedro Alves collection
Republic of Congo (Brazzaville)
 
  • Pool Department
    • Mindouli District
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 863.; Demetrius Pohl, http://www.mindat.org/mesg-6-234115.html
Romania
 
  • Caraş-Severin Co.
    • Banat Mts
      • Ocna de Fier-Dognecea District
http://minerals-of-the-carpathians.eu
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia)
      • Verkhoyansk
        • Yana River Basin
          • Yana-Adycha Region
            • Arga-Ynnakh-Khaya granite Massif
Pavel M. Kartashov data
  • Urals Region
    • Middle Urals
      • Sverdlovskaya Oblast'
        • Nizhnii Tagil
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 863.
Slovakia (TL)
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Banská Bystrica Co.
      • Ľubietová (Libetbánya; Libethen)
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 863; Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Abhandlung (1979): 134, 147; Canadian Mineralogist (1995): 33: 885.; Andráš, P., Lichý, A., Križáni, I., & Rusková, J. (2009). The heavy metal sorption on clay minerals and risk of the AMD formation at the Reiner and Podlipa dump-fields at Ľubietová deposit (Slovakia). Carpathian Journal of Earth and Environmental Sciences, 4(2), 133-146.
Slavomír ŠIMKO
      • Špania Dolina (Herrengrund)
Števko M., Sejkora J. 2014: Contribution to chemical composition of chalcophyllite, pseudomalachite and olivenite group minerals from Špania Dolina-Piesky, Slovak Republic. Book of abstracts, CEMC 2014, 133-134.
South Africa
 
  • Mpumalanga Province
    • Nkangala District
Minerals of South Africa; Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa.
  • North West Province
    • Dr Kenneth Kaunda District
      • Potchefstroom
Windisch, W. (2014) An introduction to micromounting.
  • Northern Cape Province
    • Namakwa District (Namaqualand)
      • Okiep Copper District
        • Springbok
Leon Hupperichs collection
      • Steinkopf
Minerals of South Africa
Spain
 
  • Andalusia
    • Córdoba
      • Hinojosa del Duque
Calvo, M. (2015): Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. VII, Fosfatos, arseniatos y vanadatos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid - Fundación Gómez Pardo. 479 pp.
    • Jaén
      • Andújar
Minerales y Minas de España, M.Calvo, V.7 (2015)
  • Aragón
    • Teruel
      • Nogueras
Calvo, M. (2015). Minerales y Minas de España. Vol VII. Fosfatos, Arseniatos y Vanadatos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid. Fundación Gómez Pardo. 479 págs.
    • Zaragoza
      • Aranda de Moncayo
Calvo, M. (2008) Minerales de Aragón. Prames. 463 pages
  • Castile-La Mancha
    • Guadalajara
      • Pardos
        • Pardos deposit
Calvo, M. (2015). Minerales y Minas de España. Vol VII. Fosfatos, Arseniatos y Vanadatos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid. Fundación Gómez Pardo. 479 págs.
  • Castile and Leon
    • Salamanca
      • Golpejas-Vega de Tirados
        • Golpejas Mining group
Calvo, M. (2015): Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. VII, Fosfatos, arseniatos y vanadatos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid - Fundación Gómez Pardo. 479 pp.
  • Catalonia
    • Barcelona
      • Vallès Occidental
        • Montcada i Reixac
Mineralogistes de Catalunya (1997), VII (1): 34-55
  • Extremadura
    • Badajoz
      • Oliva de Mérida
Calvo, M. (2015): Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. VII, Fosfatos, arseniatos y vanadatos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid - Fundación Gómez Pardo. 479 pp.
    • Cáceres
      • Zarza la Mayor
Viñals, J. and Calvo, M. (2011). Secondary phosphates of La Paloma mine, Zarza la Mayor, Cáceres, Spain. Mineral Up 2 (5), 8-31.
  • Madrid
    • Hoyo de Manzanares
http://www.foro-minerales.com/forum/viewtopic.php?p=120347#120347
  • Valencian Community
    • Castellón
      • Chóvar
Fernando Gascón Collection
      • Vall d'Uixó
        • La Corraliza
Calvo, M. (2014) "Minerales y Minas de España", Vol. VI (Sulfatos (seleniatos, teluratos),cromatos,molibdatos y wolframatos). Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas. Madrid.
UK
 
  • England
    • Cheshire
      • Alderley Edge
No reference listed
    • Cornwall
      • Callington District
        • Calstock
          • Gunnislake
            • Clitters United Mines
Phillips, W. (1823): An Elementary Introduction to the Knowledge of Mineralogy, 3rd ed. William Phillips (London), 535 pp.; Smyth, W.M., Reeks, T., and Rudler, F.W. (1864): A Catalogue of the Mineral Collections in the Museum of Practical Geology. HMSO Publications (London), 190pp.; Hall, T.M. (1868): The Mineralogist's Directory. Edward Stanford (London), 168 pp.; Golley, P., and Williams, R. (1995): Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications (Truro), 104 pp.
Golley, P., and Williams, R. (1995): Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications (Truro), 104 pp.; Braithwaite, R. S. W., & Ryback, G. (1994). Reichenbachite from Cornwall and Portugal. Mineralogical Magazine, 58(392), 449-454.
      • Camborne - Redruth - St Day District
        • Camborne
          • Pendarves United Mines
Braithwaite, R. S. W., & Ryback, G. (1994). Reichenbachite from Cornwall and Portugal. Mineralogical Magazine, 58(392), 449-454.
        • Carn Brea
          • Basset Mines
            • South Frances United Mines
Smyth, W.M., Reeks, T., and Rudler, F.W. (1864): A Catalogue of the Mineral Collections in the Museum of Practical Geology. HMSO Publications (London), 190pp.; Hall, T.M. (1868): The Mineralogist's Directory. Edward Stanford (London), 168 pp.; Hill, J.B., MacAlister, D.A., and Flett, J.S. (1906): The geology of Falmouth and Truro and of the mining district of Camborne and Redruth. HSMO Publications (London), 335 pp.; Braithwaite, R. S. W., & Ryback, G. (1994): Mineralogical Magazine, 58(392), 449-454; Rocks & Min. 17, 130
          • Carnkie
            • Basset Mines
[Golley & Williams, 1995, 38 - "Cornish Mineral Reference Manual"]
        • Gwennap
          • Clifford Amalgamated Mines
            • Great Consolidated Mines
Lapis 11(2), 34 (1986)
          • Redruth
            • St Day
              • St Day United Mines (Poldice Mines)
No reference listed
Royal Cornwall Polytechnic Society (1870): 38. Annual Report, pp. 30-31
      • Liskeard District
        • Linkinhorne
          • Liskeard
            • Minions
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 863; Golley & Williams, 1995, 38 - "Cornish Mineral Reference Manual"] [Embrey & Symes, 1987, 110 - "Minerals of Cornwall and Devon"]
          • Upton Cross
No reference listed
      • Mount's Bay District
        • St Hilary
[Golley & Williams, 1995, 38 - "Cornish Mineral Reference Manual"]
      • St Agnes District
        • Perranzabuloe
          • Perranporth
No reference listed
      • St Austell District
        • Treverbyn
          • Stenalees
Elton, N. J. (1998): Barbosalite, frondelite and other phosphates from Gunheath China Clay Pit, St Austell, Cornwall, England. Journal of the Russell Society 7, 15-18; Golley & Williams, 1995, 38 - "Cornish Mineral Reference Manual"; Mineralogical Magazine 1996 60 : 517-518.
      • St Just District
        • St Just
          • Botallack
            • Botallack Mine sett
Golley, P. & Williams, R. (1995): Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications (Truro), 104 pp.
      • Wadebridge District
        • St Minver
          • Polzeath
[Golley & Williams, 1995, 38 - "Cornish Mineral Reference Manual"]
    • Cumbria
      • Caldbeck Fells
        • Potts Gill
No reference listed
    • Devon
      • North Devon
        • North Molton
BMS Collection
      • Tavistock District
        • Tavistock Hamlets
    • Leicestershire
      • Stanton under Bardon
UKJMM 26:31-42
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Apache Co.
      • Navajo Indian Reservation
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 276.
    • Cochise Co.
      • Dragoon Mts
        • Turquoise District (Courtland-Gleeson District)
          • Courtland
            • Casey Hill
Rolf Luetcke
Rolf Luetcke
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995),Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 276.
        • Cochise District
Rolf Luetcke
Van King and Rolf Luetcke specimens
    • Gila Co.
      • Dripping Spring Mts
        • Banner District
          • Hayden area
            • Chilito
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 276.
      • Globe-Miami District
        • Miami-Inspiration District
          • Inspiration
Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 79.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 863; Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 276; Peterson, N.P., et al (1946), Hydrothermal alteration in the Castle Dome copper deposit, AZ, Econ.Geol.: 41: 820-840; Peterson, N.P., et al (1951), Geology and ore deposits of the Castle Dome area, Gila Co., USGS Bull. 971; Peterson, N.P. (1962), Geology and ore deposits of the Globe-Miami District, Arizona, USGS PP 342: 75; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 72.
            • Miami-Inspiration deposit
              • Inspiration Mine
Reed, E. F., & Simmons, W. W. (1962). Geological notes on the Miami-Inspiration mine. In Guidebook of the Mogollon Rim region, east-central Arizona: New Mexico Geological Society Guidebook, 13th Field Conference (pp. 153-157).
    • Greenlee Co.
      • Shannon Mts
        • Copper Mountain District (Clifton-Morenci District)
          • Copper Plate Gulch
U. S. Geol. Survey, Prof. Paper 43, 118 (1905); Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 863.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 277; Lindgren, W. & W.F. Hillebrand (1904), Minerals from the Clifton-Morenci district, AZ, Amer. Jour. Sci.: 18: 448-460; Rocks & Min.: 21:421; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 72.
Personal communication with Robert Housley; see http://www.mindat.org/mesg-105-252638.html
Merritt Stephen Enders (2000) The Evolution of Supergene Enrichment in the Morenci Porphyry Copper Deposit, Greenlee County, Arizona. PhD Thesis, University of Arizona
    • Pima Co.
      • Cerro Colorado Mts
        • Cerro Colorado District
R. D. Green
      • Empire Mts
        • Empire District
          • Hilton (Lead Mountain)
            • Copper Camp
              • Hilton Mines (Hilton Mine group; Hiltano group; Hiltano & State of Maine group)
                • Prince Mine group
Rolf Luetcke
      • Santa Rita Mts
        • Helvetia-Rosemont District
          • Helvetia
Rolf Luetcke
Rolf Luetcke specimen
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 277.
      • Silver Bell Mts
        • Silver Bell District
          • Mineral Mountain
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 277.
      • Tohono O'odom (Papago) Indian Reservation
        • Comobabi Mts
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 277, 336.
      • Tucson Mts
        • Amole District
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 121, 146, 187, 277; Khin, B.S. (1970), Cornetite from SAginaw Hill, AZ, Min.Rec.: 1: 117-118.
            • Amole Mine group
Mineralogy of Arizona, Third Edition, 1995
      • Waterman Mts
        • Waterman District
          • Silver Hill District
            • Silver Hill
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 277.
    • Pinal Co.
      • Dripping Spring Mts
        • Mineral Creek District (Ray District)
Jones, R.W. and W. E. Wilson. 1983. The Ray Mine. Mineralogical Record Vol. 14(5): 311-322.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 277.
          • Scott Mountain area
D. Court collection
      • Galiuro Mts
        • Bunker Hill District (Copper Creek District)
          • Copper Creek (Copper Creek Canyon)
            • Copper Creek
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 277.
    • Yavapai Co.
      • Bradshaw Mts (Bradshaw Range)
        • Agua Fria District
          • Mayer
Grant, Raymond W., Bideaux, R.A., and Williams, S.A. (2006) Minerals Added to the Arizona List 1995-2005: 7.
  • California
    • Mono Co.
      • Mono Lake
Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 321.
    • San Benito Co.
      • Diablo Range
        • Panoche Valley
          • Llanada
Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 243.
    • San Bernardino Co.
      • Halloran Springs District
        • Solomons Knob
Hewett, Donnel Foster (1956) Geology and mineral resources of the Ivanpah quadrangle, California and Nevada, USGS Professional Paper 275, 172 pp.: 119; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 322.
  • Colorado
    • Ouray Co.
      • Red Mountain District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
  • Idaho
    • Custer Co.
      • Slate Creek Area
        • Unorganized District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
R&M 70:4 pp 242-263
  • Montana
    • Silver Bow Co.
The Mineralogy of The Butte District, Montana; Guilbert and Zeihen
        • East Ridge
          • Silver Bow Park
Mineralogical Record 33:1
  • Nevada
    • Clark Co.
      • Spring Mts
        • Goodsprings District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Elko Co.
      • Snowstorm Mountains District
Photos in mindat galleries. Material collected 2007 by Jim McGlasson.
    • Eureka Co.
      • Carlin Trend
        • Maggie Creek Subdistrict
MinRec 26(5):449-469.
      • Gibellini District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Lynn District
        • Elko
Mineralogical Record 26:467
      • Maggie Creek District
        • Mike deposit
John W. Norby and Michael J.T. Orobona (2002) Geology and Mineral Systems of the Mike Deposit. in Gold Deposits of the Carlin Trend , NBMG Bulletin 111 pp 143-167
    • Humboldt Co.
      • Golconda District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Iron Point District
        • Valmy
Dr. William S. Wise presentation to Northwest Micro Mineral Study Group on 1 May 2004, Update on Mineralogy of the Silver Coin Mine, Iron Point District, Edna Mountains, Humboldt Co., Nevada
    • Lander Co.
      • North Battle Mountain District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Lyon Co.
      • Singatse Range
        • Yerington District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
          • Ludwig
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 863.
Rocks & Minerals, Nov. 1999
Pullman, Steven, and Thomssen, Richard, "Nevada Mineral Locality Index" Rocks & Minerals, Vol. 74 No. 6. pg. 375
      • Yerington District
        • Artesia Lake
Rocks & Minerals, Nov. 1999
        • Carson Hill
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Mineral Co.
      • Buckley District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Candelaria District
        • Candelaria Silver Mine
Collection of Kelly Starnes 1990
    • Pershing Co.
      • Antelope District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada; Jensen, M. (1993): Update on the mineralogy of the Majuba Hill mine, Pershing County. Mineralogical Record. 24, 171-180.
    • Washoe Co.
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • New Mexico
    • Grant Co.
      • Burro Mountains District
        • Tyrone Area
D.Court collection
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
        • Santa Rita
Am Min 38:191-196; Northrop, Minerals of NM, 3rd ed. 1996; Rocks & Minerals 84:492-500
      • Steeple Rock District
2008 New Mexico Mineral Symposium abstracts
    • Hidalgo Co.
      • Pyramid Mts
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
          • Lordsburg
            • Virginia District
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
    • Socorro Co.
Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd Rev. ed., 1996
        • Bingham
[Mineralogical Record 30:337]
Mineralogical Record: 26(5): 483.
  • North Carolina
    • Lee Co.
      • Sanford
Rocks & Min.:58:183.
  • Pennsylvania
    • Montgomery Co.
      • Lower Providence Township
        • Audubon
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 863.
  • South Dakota
    • Pennington Co.
      • Keystone District
        • Keystone
Rocks & Minerals: 57: 160 &/or 60: 110 & 112.
Am Min 70:9-10 pp 1044-1049
  • Utah
    • Beaver Co.
      • Star Range
        • Star and North Star Districts
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
    • Juab Co.
      • East Tintic Mts
Min Rec 4:6 p252
  • Virginia
    • Fairfax Co.
      • Herndon
Rocks & Min.: 60:166.
Uzbekistan
 
  • Tashkent Viloyati (Toshkent)
    • Almalyk
Pasi Eilu (2003) Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003 Rovaniemi, Finland December 2003
Eilu, P. (2003). Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003. Rovaniemi, Finland
Zambia
 
  • Central Province
    • Kabwe District
      • Kabwe (Broken Hill)
[MinRec 12:394, 11:346-347]
  • Copperbelt Province
    • Chingola District
      • Chingola
Dan Weinrich specimen
    • Kitwe District
      • Kitwe
Korowski, S.P. & Notebaart, C. W. (1978): Libethenite from the Rokana Mine, Zambia. Mineralogical Record. 9 (6): 341-346
Korowski, S.P. & Notebaart, C. W. (1978): Libethenite from the Rokana Mine, Zambia. Mineralogical Record. 9 (6): 341-346
Mineral and/or Locality  
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