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About LikasiteHide

View of the Likasi copper mining area, ca. 1935.

Likasi Mine, Likasi, Kambove District, Haut-Katanga, DR Congo
Cu3(NO3)(OH)5 · 2H2O
Specific Gravity:
2.96 - 2.98
Crystal System:
Named for the type locality.
This page provides mineralogical data about Likasite.

Classification of LikasiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)

D : With OH (etc.) and H2O
Dana 7th ed.:

1 : Anhydrous Nitrates Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen

Physical Properties of LikasiteHide

on {001}
2.96 - 2.98 g/cm3 (Measured)    2.97 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of LikasiteHide

relatively strong
X= Pale greenish blue
Y= purplish blue

Chemical Properties of LikasiteHide

Cu3(NO3)(OH)5 · 2H2O

Crystallography of LikasiteHide

Crystal System:
Class (H-M):
mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) - Dipyramidal
Cell Parameters:
a = 5.830(1) Å, b = 6.775(1) Å, c = 21.711(5) Å
a:b:c = 0.861 : 1 : 3.205
Unit Cell V:
857.55 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Crystals to 1.5mm, rectangular section, tabular.

Type Occurrence of LikasiteHide

Other Language Names for LikasiteHide


Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Cuprite5 photos of Likasite associated with Cuprite on mindat.org.
Gerhardtite4 photos of Likasite associated with Gerhardtite on mindat.org.
Chrysocolla1 photo of Likasite associated with Chrysocolla on mindat.org.
Spertiniite1 photo of Likasite associated with Spertiniite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

5.ND.10Mbobomkulite(Ni,Cu)Al4((NO3)2,SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2OMon.
5.ND.15Hydrombobomkulite(Ni,Cu)Al4((NO3)2,SO4)(OH)12 · 13-14H2OMon.
5.ND.20SveiteKAl7(NO3)4(OH)16Cl2 · 8H2OMon.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for LikasiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Schoep, A., Borchert, W., Kohler, K. (1955) La likasite Cu12(OH)14(NO3)4(PO4)2, nouveau minéral. Bulletin de la Société Française de Minéralogie et de Cristallographie: 78: 84-88.
Fleischer, M. (1955) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 40: 941-944.
Deliens, M. (1973) La likasite de Likasi (République de Zaïre). Bulletin de la Société Française de Minéralogie et de Cristallographie: 96: 143-145.
Declercq, J.P., Germain, G., Piret, P. (1977) Composition et structure de la likasite, Cu3P2H3(NO3(OH)2.H2O. Acta Crystallographica: 83(3): 1422-1427.
Fleischer, M., Cabri, L.J. (1978) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 63: 598-600.
Effenberger, H. (1986) Likasite, Cu3(NO3)(OH)5·2H2O: Revision of the chemical formula and redetermination of the crystal structure. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte: 1986: 101-110.
Hawthorne, F.C., Jambor, J.L., Bladh, K.W., Burke, E.A.J., Grice, J.D., Phillips, D., Roberts, A.C., Schedler, R.A., Shigley, J.E. (1987) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 72: 1023-1028.
Yoder, C.H., Bushong, E., Liu, X., Weidner, V., McWilliams, P., Martin, K., Lorgunpai, J., Haller, J., Schaeffer, R.W. (2010) The synthesis and solubility of the copper hydroxyl nitrates, gerhardtite, rouaite and likasite. Mineralogical Magazine: 74: 433-440.

Internet Links for LikasiteHide

Localities for LikasiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • Queensland
    • Cloncurry Shire
      • Cloncurry
        • Great Australia Mine
Sharpe, J.L., Williams, P.A. (2000) Exotic Secondary Copper Mineralization in the Eastern Mt Isa Block, Northwest Queensland. The Royal Society of New South Wales, 133:31-32.
  • South Australia
    • Flinders Ranges
      • South Flinders Ranges
        • Wilmington
Australian Journal of Mineralogy. Vol 5. No. 2. 1999. 55-62
  • Tarapacá
    • El Tamarugal Province
      • Collahuasi District
Sulphides analysed by geology dep. of company; sulphates, phosphates, analysed by Bob Jenkins (Usa) 2007
DR Congo (TL)
  • Haut-Katanga
    • Kambove District
      • Likasi (Jadotville; Jadotstad)
Schoep, A., Borchert, W., and Kohler, K. (1955) La likasite Cu12(OH)14(NO3)4(PO4)2, nouveau minéral. Bulletin de la Société Française de Minéralogie et de Cristallographie 78, 84-88. ; Lapis (1992) 17(3), 13-40.; http://www.champ-hannut.be/fichierpdf/Rev%20SP%202017%20NL.pdf
      • Luambo
  • Brittany
    • Finistère
Handbook of Mineralogy Vol V
  • Karaganda Region
Handbook of Mineralogy; Voloshin, A. V., Pakhomovskiy, Ya. A., Stepanov, V. I., Bulgak, L. V. and Men-shikov, Yu. P. (1988): Gerhardtite, likasite, and spertiniite from the oxidation zone of Dzhezkazgan chalcosite ores; first finds in the USSR. Novye Dannye o Mineralakh SSSR, 35, 40-47. (in Russian) ; Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
  • Asturias
    • Belmonte de Miranda
Calvo, M. (2012): Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. V, Carbonatos y Nitratos. Boratos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid - Fundación Gómez Pardo. 711 pp.
  • England
    • Cornwall
      • Calstock
        • Gunnislake
Golley, P., and Williams, R. (1995): Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications (Truro), 104 pp.; Weiss, S., Green, D.H., Hooper, J.J., and Elton, N. (2007): Lapis 32 (11), 13-25, 54
  • Arizona
    • Gila Co.
      • Globe-Miami District
        • Miami-Inspiration District
          • Miami
            • Sleeping Beauty Peak
              • Copper Cities Mine area
Handbook of Mineralogy Vol V
  • Colorado
Rouse, R.C., Dunn, P.J., Peacor, D.R. (1982): Mercury amidonitrate crystals from Colorado. Mineral. Record: 13: 233-234; in: Dunn, P.J., Fleischer, M., Burns, R.G., Pabst, A. (1983): New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 68: 473
  • Michigan
    • Ontonagon Co.
      • Mass City
Mineralogy of Michigan (E. W. Heinrich & G. W. Robinson)
Mineral and/or Locality  
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