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Lillianite

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Formula:
Pb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6
May be Ag-free, and may contain Se replacing S.
Colour:
Steel grey
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
2 - 3
Specific Gravity:
7 - 7.2
Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Name:
From the supposed occurrence in the Lillian Mine, Printerboy Hill, Leadville, Colorado, USA
Dimorph of:
Hide all sections | Show all sections

Classification of LillianiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
2.JB.40a

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
J : Sulfosalts of PbS archetype
B : Galena derivatives, with Pb
Dana 7th ed.:
3.4.15.1
3.4.15.1

3 : SULFOSALTS
4 : ø = 3
5.6.26

5 : Sulphosalts - Sulpharsenites and Sulphobismuthites (those containing Sn, Ge,or V are in Section 6)
6 : Sulpharsenites etc. of Pb alone

Physical Properties of LillianiteHide

Metallic
Transparency:
Opaque
Colour:
Steel grey
Streak:
Black
Hardness:
2 - 3 on Mohs scale
Hardness Data:
Measured
Cleavage:
Very Good
{100} very good, {010} less so, probably also {001}.
Density:
7 - 7.2 g/cm3 (Measured)    

Optical Data of LillianiteHide

Type:
Anisotropic
Anisotropism:
Distinct
Colour in reflected light:
White
Pleochroism:
Weak

Chemical Properties of LillianiteHide

Formula:
Pb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6

May be Ag-free, and may contain Se replacing S.
IMA Formula:
Pb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6
Idealised Formula:
Pb3Bi2S6
Common Impurities:
Ag,Cu,Sb

Crystallography of LillianiteHide

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):
mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) - Dipyramidal
Cell Parameters:
a = 13.535(3) Å, b = 20.451(5) Å, c = 4.104(1) Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.662 : 1 : 0.201
Unit Cell V:
1,136.00 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4
Morphology:
Rare, prismatic [001]. Usually massive granular; also radiating fibrous [001].
Comment:
Space group Bbmm (non-standard setting). Silver-free lillianite from Vulcano has: 13.567(1), 20.655(2), 4.1216(4) Å (Pinto et al., 2006).

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
3.52 (100)
3.42 (70)
3.01 (60)
2.913 (80)
2.778 (60)
2.070 (60)
1.777 (70)
Comments:
For synthetic material.

Type Occurrence of LillianiteHide

Other Language Names for LillianiteHide

Simplified Chinese:硫铋铅矿
Spanish:Lillianita
Traditional Chinese:硫鉍鉛礦

Varieties of LillianiteHide

Argentian Lillianite
CuprolillianiteA Cu-bearing variety of lillianite.

Relationship of Lillianite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
Andorite IVPb18Ag15Sb47S96Mon. 2 : P2
Andorite VIAgPbSb3S6Orth. mm2 : Pmn21
AndreadiniiteCuHgAg7Pb7Sb24S48Mon. 2/m : P21/b
ArsenquatrandoriteAg17.6Pb12.8Sb38.1As11.5S96Mon. 2/m : P21/b
AschamalmitePb6Bi2S9Mon. 2/m
ErzwiesiteAg8Pb12Bi16S40Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbcn
EskimoiteAg7Pb10Bi15S36Mon.
FizélyiteAg5Pb14Sb21S48 Mon. 2/m
GustaviteAgPbBi3S6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
HeyrovskýitePb6Bi2S9Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cccm
JasrouxiteAg16Pb4(Sb24As16)S72Tric. 1 : P1
OurayiteAg3Pb4Bi5S13Orth.
RamdohritePb5.9Fe0.1Mn0.1In0.1Cd0.2Ag2.8Sb10.8S24Mon. 2/m
RoshchiniteAg19Pb10Sb51S96Orth.
SchirmeritePbAgBi3S6 - Pb3Ag1.5Bi3.5S9Orth.
TreasuriteAg7Pb6Bi15S32Mon.
UchucchacuaiteAgMnPb3Sb5S12Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmm
UstarasitePb(Bi,Sb)6S10 (?)
VikingiteAg5Pb8Bi13S30Mon. 2/m : B2/m
XilingolitePb3Bi2S6Mon.
Structurally related to group(s):
Forms a series with:

Common AssociatesHide

CosalitePb2Bi2S5
GalenaPbS
GustaviteAgPbBi3S6
QuartzSiO2
Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Cosalite3 photos of Lillianite associated with Cosalite on mindat.org.
Felbertalite2 photos of Lillianite associated with Felbertalite on mindat.org.
Heyrovskýite1 photo of Lillianite associated with Heyrovskýite on mindat.org.
Chalcopyrite1 photo of Lillianite associated with Chalcopyrite on mindat.org.
Wittite1 photo of Lillianite associated with Wittite on mindat.org.
Rooseveltite1 photo of Lillianite associated with Rooseveltite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.JB.Andorite VIAgPbSb3S6Orth. mm2 : Pmn21
2.JB.05DiaphoriteAg3Pb2Sb3S8Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.JB.10CosalitePb2Bi2S5Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.JB.15FreieslebeniteAgPbSbS3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.JB.15MarriteAgPbAsS3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.JB.20CannizzariteMon. 2/m : P21/m
2.JB.20WittitePb9Bi12(S,Se)27Mon.
2.JB.25aJunoiteCu2Pb3Bi8(S,Se)16Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.25iNeyiteAg2Cu6Pb25Bi26S68Mon.
2.JB.25cNordströmiteCuPb3Bi7(Se4S10)Mon.
2.JB.25gNuffielditeCu1.4Pb2.4Bi2.4Sb0.2S7Orth.
2.JB.25dProuditeCuPb7.5Bi9.33(S,Se)22Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.25hWeibullitePb5Bi8Se7S11Orth.
2.JB.25bFelbertaliteCu2Pb6Bi8S19Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.25jRouxeliteCu2HgPb23Sb27S65.5Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.25fÁngelaiteCu2AgPbBiS4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
2.JB.25iCuproneyiteCu7Pb27Bi25S68Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.30aGeocronitePb14(Sb,As)6S23Mon. 2/m : P21/m
2.JB.30aJordanitePb14(As,Sb)6S23Mon. 2/m : P21/m
2.JB.30bKirkiitePb10Bi3As3S19Mon. 2/m : P21/m
2.JB.30cTsugaruitePb4As2S7Orth.
2.JB.35cPillaitePb9Sb10S23ClO0.5Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.35aZinkenitePb9Sb22S42Hex. 6 : P63
2.JB.35bScainiitePb14Sb30S54O5Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.35dPellouxite(Cu,Ag)Pb10Sb12S27O(Cl,S)0.6Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.35fTubuliteAg2Pb22Sb20S53 Mon. m : Pb
2.JB.35eChovanitePb15-2xSb14+2xS36Ox (x ~ 0.2)Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.40bAschamalmitePb6Bi2S9Mon. 2/m
2.JB.40aBursaitePb5Bi4S11 (?)Orth.
2.JB.40bEskimoiteAg7Pb10Bi15S36Mon.
2.JB.40aFizélyiteAg5Pb14Sb21S48 Mon. 2/m
2.JB.40aGustaviteAgPbBi3S6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.JB.40cOurayiteAg3Pb4Bi5S13Orth.
2.JB.40aRamdohritePb5.9Fe0.1Mn0.1In0.1Cd0.2Ag2.8Sb10.8S24Mon. 2/m
2.JB.40aRoshchiniteAg19Pb10Sb51S96Orth.
2.JB.40dSchirmeritePbAgBi3S6 - Pb3Ag1.5Bi3.5S9Orth.
2.JB.40aTreasuriteAg7Pb6Bi15S32Mon.
2.JB.40aUchucchacuaiteAgMnPb3Sb5S12Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmm
2.JB.40eUstarasitePb(Bi,Sb)6S10 (?)
2.JB.40aVikingiteAg5Pb8Bi13S30Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.40aXilingolitePb3Bi2S6Mon.
2.JB.40bHeyrovskýitePb6Bi2S9Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cccm
2.JB.40UM1988-05-S:AgBiCuHgPb(Hg,Ag,Cu,Pb)5Pb5Bi11S27
2.JB.40UM1988-06-S:AgBiCuHgPb(Pb,Hg)12(Cu,Ag)3(Bi,Sb)10(S,Te)27
2.JB.40aAndorite IVPb18Ag15Sb47S96Mon. 2 : P2
2.JB.55GratonitePb9As4S15Trig. 3m : R3m
2.JB.60MarrucciiteHg3Pb16Sb18S46Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.65VurroitePb20Sn2(Bi,As)22S54Cl6Orth.

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

3.4.15.2BursaitePb5Bi4S11 (?)Orth.
3.4.15.3GustaviteAgPbBi3S6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
3.4.15.5UchucchacuaiteAgMnPb3Sb5S12Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmm
3.4.15.6RamdohritePb5.9Fe0.1Mn0.1In0.1Cd0.2Ag2.8Sb10.8S24Mon. 2/m
3.4.15.7RoshchiniteAg19Pb10Sb51S96Orth.
3.4.15.8FizélyiteAg5Pb14Sb21S48 Mon. 2/m

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

5.6.1SartoritePbAs2S4Mon. 2/m : P21/m
5.6.2DufrénoysitePb2As2S5Mon. 2 : P21
5.6.3LiveingitePb9As13S28Mon.
5.6.4BaumhaueritePb12As16S36Tric. 1 : P1
5.6.5GratonitePb9As4S15Trig. 3m : R3m
5.6.6JordanitePb14(As,Sb)6S23Mon. 2/m : P21/m
5.6.7FülöppitePb3Sb8S15Mon. 2/m : B2/b
5.6.8ZinkenitePb9Sb22S42Hex. 6 : P63
5.6.9PlagionitePb5Sb8S17Mon. 2/m
5.6.10HeteromorphitePb7Sb8S19Mon. 2/m : B2/b
5.6.11LaunayiteCuPb10(Sb,As)12S20Mon.
5.6.12PlayfairitePb16(Sb,As)19S44ClMon.
5.6.13SemseyitePb9Sb8S21Mon. 2/m : B2/b
5.6.14MadocitePb19(Sb,As)16S43Orth.
5.6.15BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.6.17RobinsonitePb4Sb6S13Mon. 2/m : P21/m
5.6.18GuettarditePbAsSbS4Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.6.19Twinnite Pb0.8Tl0.1Sb1.3As0.8S4Mon. 2/m
5.6.20VeenitePb2(Sb,As)2S5Mon. 2 : P21
5.6.21SorbyiteCuPb9(Sb,As)11S26Mon. 2/m : B2/m
5.6.22GeocronitePb14(Sb,As)6S23Mon. 2/m : P21/m
5.6.23GalenobismutitePbBi2S4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.6.24CosalitePb2Bi2S5Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.6.25CannizzariteMon. 2/m : P21/m
5.6.27GiessenitePb27Cu2(Bi,Sb)19S57Mon. 2/m
5.6.28Platynite
5.6.29XilingolitePb3Bi2S6Mon.
5.6.30WeibullitePb5Bi8Se7S11Orth.
5.6.31WittitePb9Bi12(S,Se)27Mon.
5.6.32KirkiitePb10Bi3As3S19Mon. 2/m : P21/m
5.6.33UstarasitePb(Bi,Sb)6S10 (?)

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for LillianiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Keller (1889), Zs. Kristallogr. 17: 67.
Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 404-406.
American Mineralogist (1969): 54: 579.
Takagi, J. and Takéuchi, Y. (1972) The crystal structure of lillianite. Acta Crystallographica: B28: 649-651.
Makovicky, E. (1977) Chemistry and crystallography of the lillianite homologous series. III. Crystal chemistry of lillianite homologues. Related phases. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Abhandlungen: 131: 187-207.
Makovicky, E. and Karup-Møller, S. (1977a) Chemistry and crystallography of the lillianite homologous series. I. General properties and definitions. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Abhandlungen: 130: 264-287.
Makovicky, E. and Karup-Møller, S. (1977b) Chemistry and crystallography of the lillianite homologous series. II. Definition of new minerals eskimoite, vikingite, ourayite and treasurite. Redefinition of schirmerite and new data on the lillianite-gustavite solid-solution series. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Abhandlungen: 131: 56-82.
Ohsumi, K., Tsutsui, K., Takeuchi, Y., and Tokonami, M. (1984) Reinvestigation of the lillianite structure. Nat. Lab. High. Energy Physics (Tsukuba, Japan), Photon Factory Activity Report 1983/1984, VI-23.
Chang, L. L. Y.; Wu, D.; Knowles, C. R. (1988): Phase relations in the system Ag2S-Cu2S-PbS-Bi2S3. Economic Geology 83, 405-418.
European Journal of Mineralogy (1993): 5: 331.
Borodaev, Y.S., Garavelli, A., Garbarino, C., Grillo, S.M., Mozgova, N.N., Uspenskaya, T.Y., and Vurro, F. (2001) Rare sulfosalts from Vulcano, Aeolian Islands, Italy. IV. Lillianite. Canadian Mineralogist: 39: 1383-1396.
Pinto, D. (2005): Mineralogy, crystal-chemistry and structures of sulfosalts from Vulcano (Aeolian Islands, Italy): Ag-free lillianite, Cl-bearing galenobismutite, kirkiite and the new mineral vurroite. Plinius, 31, 197-202.
Pinto, D., Balić-Žunić, T., Garavelli, A., Makovicky, E., and Vurro, F. (2006) Comparative crystal-structure study of Ag-free lillianite and galenobismutite from Vulcano, Aeolian Islands, Italy. Canadian Mineralogist: 44: 159-175.
Ohta, Michihiro; Chung, Duck Young; Kunii, Masaru; Kanatzidis, Mercouri G. (2014): Low lattice thermal conductivity in Pb5Bi6Se14, Pb3Bi2S6, and PbBi2S4: promising thermoelectric materials in the cannizzarite, lillianite, and galenobismuthite homologous series. Journal of Materials Chemistry A: Materials for Energy and Sustainability 2, 20048-20058.

Internet Links for LillianiteHide

Localities for LillianiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Argentina
 
  • Catamarca
    • Andalgalá Department
Hubert, P., Werner, H., & Dan, T. (2009). A contribution to the knowledge of the mineralization at Mina Capillitas, Catamarca. Revista de la Asociacion Geologica Argentina, 64(3), 514-524.
  • Córdoba
    • Punilla Department
      • Pampa de Olaen
Sureda, R., Lira, R., & Colombo, F. (2010). Gustavite, PbAgBi3S6-P21/c, with the bismuth and silver minerals at Los Guindos mining group, Pampa de Olaen, Córdoba, Argentina (31° 11'S/64° 33'W). Andean Geology, 33(1).
  • Jujuy
    • Rinconada Department
      • Pirquitas Ag-Sn Deposit
Amer.Min.(2000) 85, 1066-1075
  • Salta
    • Los Andes department
      • El Quevar mining district
        • Incahuasi Valley
ROBL, Klaus; BRODTKORB, Milka K.de and AMETRANO, Silvia. The Miocene epithermal mineralization of the Quevar Stratovolcan Complex, Salta. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2009, vol.64, n.3, pp. 525-539
  • Tierra del Fuego
    • Ushuaia department
      • Ushuaia
Milka K. de Brodtkorb (2002) Las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina. Vol. 1 (elements, sulphides and sulphosalts). (Asociacion Mineralogica Argentina)
Australia
 
  • Queensland
[MinRec 19 p469-490 - "Sielecki, R: The Mount Isa-Cloncurry mineral field"]
    • Mount Isa City Shire
      • Mount Isa
Sielecki, R. (1988) The Mount Isa-Cloncurry mineral field. Mineralogical Record, Vol. 19, pg. 469-490.
  • Tasmania
    • Kentish municipality
      • Moina - Middlesex District
Unpub tcr report 2013
    • West Coast municipality
      • Zeehan district
        • North Dundas
Patterson, D.J., 1979, Renison mine, Tasmania. Unpub. PhD thesis, Uni. Tas.
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Hohe Tauern
      • Ankogel group
        • Kleinelend valley
          • Kleinelend glacier
Mikl, A. and Kolitsch, U. (2014): Ein interessanter alpiner Kupfererzgang im Kleinelendtal und seine Mineralien. Mineralienwelt 25 (4), 28-33 (in German).
      • Goldberg group
        • Innerfragant
          • Großfragant
Cook, N.J., Ciobanu, C.L., Stanley, C.J., Paar, W.H., and Sundblad, K. (2007): Canadian Mineralogist 45(3), 417-435.
          • Wurten
Paar, W.H., and Niedermayr, G. (1998): Mitteilungen der Österreichischen Mineralogischen Gesellschaft 143, 425-435.
        • Zirknitz
          • Große Zirknitz valley
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
      • Hafner group
        • Pölla valley
          • Lanisch
Pichler, A. (2009): Bergbau in Westkärnten. Eine Bestandsaufnahme der noch sichtbaren Merkmale der historischen Bergbaue in Westkärnten. - Carinthia II, 63. Sh., 416 S., Klagenfurt
PICHLER, A. (2009): Bergbau in Westkärnten. Eine Bestandsaufnahme der noch sichtbaren Merkmale der historischen Bergbaue in Westkärnten. p.88, 92-94
      • Malta valley
        • Kölnbreinspitze - Lausnock area
A.Pichler (2009)
  • Salzburg
    • Hohe Tauern
      • Felben valley
        • Scheelite deposit
[var: Argentian Lillianite] MinRec 33:352
      • Habach valley
Paar (1979)
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
      • Hollersbach valley
        • Scharnbachgraben
Niedermayr, G. et al. (2008): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LVII. Carinthia II, 198./118., 223-274.
      • Rauris valley
        • Seidlwinkl valley
          • Modereck
W. Paar: Der Karinthin 80:97-98 (1979)
      • Untersulzbach valley
Lewandowski, K., Lerch, H. & Seemann, R. (2006): Chronik - Schaubergwerk Hochfeld "Bergbau im Untersulzbachtal – Eine fast vergessene Welt" Die 500-jährige Geschichte des Kupferbergbaus am Hochfeld im Untersulzbachtal. Zukunftskollegium Nationalpark Hohe Tauern, Neukirchen a. G., 288 pp.
Bulgaria
 
  • Montana Oblast
Dimitrova, D. et al. (2006): Bulgar. Acad. Sci. Annual Report No. 12, 32-33.
  • Plovdiv Oblast
    • Asenovgrad Obshtina
      • Rhodope Mts
Birch, W. D., & Mumme, W. G. (1985). Pekoite from Narechen, Bulgaria―a possible solution to the bonchevite problem. Mineralogical Magazine, 49(1), 135-137.
China
 
  • Anhui Province
    • Huangshan Prefecture
      • Yi Co.
Chen Tian-hu, Yue Shu-cang, Li Shuang-ying, and Wang Dao-xuan (2000):Journal of Rare Earths 18(3), 169-173.
    • Tongling Prefecture
      • Shizishan ore field
Yunsheng Ren, Liandeng Liu, Jiwu Zhang, and Guohua Chen (2005): Gold 26(5), 9-12; Yunsheng Ren, Liandeng Liu, Guohua Chen, and Lianggen Liu (2007): Geology and Prospecting 43(3), 60-64
  • Guangdong Province
    • Yunfu Prefecture
      • Yuncheng District
Qian Zhang, Shuxun Shao, Jiayong Pan, and Zhihao Liu (2001): Ore Geology Reviews 18, 169-179.
  • Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region
    • Hechi Prefecture
      • Nandan Co.
        • Dachang Sn-polymetallic ore field
Xilin Li (1990): Chinese Journal of Geochemistry 9(4), 378-384; Yingchen Ren (1999): Contributions to Geology and Mineral Resources Research 14(1), 1-12, 38
Mineral Deposits 4(1), 74
  • Hainan Province (Hainan Island)
    • Ledong Co.
Bin Shu, Ping'an Wang, Faxian Dong, and Zhongjian Li (2006): Geological Bulletin of China 25(6), 745-755
  • Hunan Province
    • Chenzhou Prefecture
      • Guiyang Co.
Yingchen Ren (1999): Contributions to Geology and Mineral Resources Research 14(1), 1-12, 38
    • Yongzhou Prefecture
      • Jiangyong Co.
        • Tongshanling ore field
Yingchen Ren (1999): Contributions to Geology and Mineral Resources Research 14(1), 1-12, 38
  • Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region
    • Ulanhad League (Chifeng Prefecture)
      • Bairin Left Banner (Balin Zuoqi)
[var: Argentian Lillianite] Dequan Zhang, Yunfen Lei, Taiyang Luo, Xiupo Bao, and Shengli Wang (1991): Mineral Deposits 10(3), 204-216
  • Jiangxi Province
    • Fuzhou Prefecture
      • Dongxiang Co.
Xia Ai and Zengyi Chen (1993): Geology and Prospecting 29(4), 25-29
    • Ganzhou Prefecture
      • Yudu Co.
Minqing Cheng and Cunchang Wang (1989): Geology and Prospecting 25(6), 25-28; Yingchen Ren (1999): Contributions to Geology and Mineral Resources Research 14(1), 1-12, 38
  • Qinghai Province
    • Gyêgu Autonomous Prefecture (Yushu Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Gyêgu Co. (Yushu Co.)
Jinhua Hao, Jingwu Yin, and Jianping Chen (2010): Journal of the Chinese Electron Microscopy Society 29(6)
  • Shaanxi Province
    • Weinan Prefecture
      • Tongguan Co.
[var: Argentian Lillianite] Enkui Cao (1991): Geology Laboratory 7(5), 300-307
  • Shandong Province
    • Jiaodong Peninsula (Jiaodong Gold Province)
      • Yantai Prefecture
        • Zhaoyuan Co.
Yuan Cong, Xuemei Li, and Qingji Dong (2007): Global Geology 26(4), 435-440; Qingji Dong, Jianping Chen, and Yu Tang (2008): Geology and Prospecting 44(4), 64-68; Yuan Zhang, Liandeng Liu, Jinggui Sun, Guohua Chen, Hongxi Zhang, Fuchuan Yan, and Kaichun Yang (2008): Journal of Jilin University, Earth Science Edition 38(1), 21-26
  • Shanxi Province
    • Yuncheng Prefecture
      • Yuanqu Co.
        • Zhongtiaoshan ore field
Yongrui Zhao and Yunqing Zhen (2006): Journal of Guilin University of Technology 26(3), 310-319
Yongrui Zhao and Yunqing Zhen (2006): Journal of Guilin University of Technology 26(3), 310-319
  • Xinjiang Autonomous Region
    • Kezilesu Autonomous Prefecture (Kizilsu Autonomous Prefecture; Qizilsu Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Wuqia Co. (Ulugqat Co.; Ulughchat Co.)
Minghua Zheng, Jiajun Liu, Shouting Zhang, and Xunrong Long (2002): Geology and Resources 11(3), 140-146
Finland
 
  • Southwestern Finland Region
    • Salo
      • Kisko
Geological Survey of Finland Iilijärvi gold database
France
 
  • Occitanie
    • Pyrénées-Orientales
Berbain, C., Favreau, G. & Aymar, J. (2005): Mines et minéraux des Pyrénées-Orientales et des Corbières, Association Française de Microminéralogie Ed., 117-119.
  • Pays de la Loire
    • Loire-Atlantique
      • Bouguenais
        • La Roche-Ballue
Y. Moëlo et al. : "Homologues de la lillianite (gustavite, vikingite, heyrovskyite riche en Ag et Bi, ...) de l'indice à W-As-(Pb, Bi, Ag) de la Roche-Balue (Loire-Atlantique, France)", Bull. Minéral., 1987, 110, pp 43-64.
Germany
 
  • Bavaria
    • Lower Bavaria
      • Röhrnbach
Habel, M. (2009): Der Granodioritbruch der Fa. Josef Uhrmann OHG, Steinerleinbach bei Röhrnbach. Mineralien-Welt 20 (2), 66-86; Uwe Kolitsch (SXRD)
  • Saxony-Anhalt
    • Harz
      • Harzgerode mining district
        • Siptenfelde
Gröbner, J., W. Hajek, R. Junker & J. Nikoleizig (2011). Neue Mineralienschätze des Harzes. S.69. Papierflieger-Verlag, Clausthal-Zellerfeld.
        • Straßberg
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
Greece
 
  • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
    • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
      • Lavrion District Mines
        • Agios Konstantinos [St Constantine] (Kamariza)
Voudouris, P. & Economou-Eliopoulus, M. (2003): Mineralogy and chemistry of Cu-rich ores from the Kamariza carbonate-hosted deposit (Lavrion), Greece. In: Eliopoulos et al. (Eds.): Mineral Exploration and Sustainable Development. Millpress, Rotterdam, 1039-1042.
Skarpelis, N. (2007). The Lavrion deposit (SE Attica, Greece): geology, mineralogy and minor elements chemistry. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie-Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry, 183(3), 227-249.
  • Macedonia Department
    • Chalkidiki Prefecture
Voudouris, P. C., Spry, P. G., Mavrogonatos, C., Sakellaris, G. A., Bristol, S. K., Melfos, V., & Fornadel, A. P. (2013). Bismuthinite derivatives, lillianite homologues, and bismuth sulfotellurides as indicators of gold mineralization in the Stanos shear-zone related deposit, Chalkidiki, Northern Greece. The Canadian Mineralogist, 51(1), 119-142.
    • Kavála Prefecture
      • Kavála
        • Palea Kavala deposit
Andrew P. Fornadel, Paul G. Spry, Vasilios Melfos, Michael Vavelidis and Panagiotis Ch. Voudouris (2011): Is the Palea Kavala Bi–Te–Pb–Sb ± Au district, northeastern Greece, an intrusion-related system? Ore Geology Reviews, 39, 119-133.
Andrew P. Fornadel, Paul G. Spry, Vasilios Melfos, Michael Vavelidis and Panagiotis Ch. Voudouris (2011): Is the Palea Kavala Bi–Te–Pb–Sb ± Au district, northeastern Greece, an intrusion-related system? Ore Geology Reviews, 39, 119-133.
Hungary
 
  • Pest Co.
    • Börzsöny Mts
      • Nagybörzsöny (Deutsch Pilsen; Deutschpilsen)
Szakáll & Jánosi: Minerals of Hungary, 1995
Indonesia
 
  • Java (Jawa)
    • Banten Province
      • Cikotok Gold District
Econ Geol (1994) 89:227-245; Marcoux, E., Milesi, J. P., Sohearto, S., & Rinawan, R. (1993). Noteworthy mineralogy of the Au-Ag-Sn-W (Bi) epithermal ore deposit of Cirotan, West Java, Indonesia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 31(3), 727-744.
Italy
 
  • Sicily
    • Messina Province
      • Eolie Islands (Aeolian Islands)
        • Lipari
          • Vulcano Island
BORODAEV Y.S., GARAVELLI A., GARBARINO C., GRILLO S.M., MOZGOVA N.N., USPENSKAYA T.Y., VURRO F. (2001): Rare sulfosalts from Vulcano, Aeolian Islands, Italy. IV. Lillianite. - Canadian Mineralogist - 39, 1383-1396.
  • Tuscany
    • Livorno Province
      • Elba Island
        • Campo nell'Elba
          • San Piero in Campo
Orlandi, P., & Pezzotta, F. (1997). Minerali dell'Isola d'Elba. Edizioni Novecento Grafico, Bergamo, 249 pp.
  • Veneto
    • Vicenza province
      • Torrebelvicino
Boscardin M., Daleffe A., Rocchetti I., Zordan A., "I minerali nel Vicentino", Museo "G. Zannato", Montecchio Maggiore (Vicenza), 2011
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Chubu Region
      • Gifu Prefecture
Ryoichi SADANAGA and Michiaki BUNNO (1974) THE WAKABAYASHI MINERAL COLLECTION Bulletin No. 7 The University Museum, The University of Tokyo
      • Niigata Prefecture
        • Uetsu
Izumino, Y., & Nakashima, K. (2015). Bismuth minerals from the W–Mo–Sn deposits hosted in the Iwafune granitoids, Niigata Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 110(6), 300-312.
Izumino, Y., & Nakashima, K. (2015). Bismuth minerals from the W–Mo–Sn deposits hosted in the Iwafune granitoids, Niigata Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 110(6), 300-312.
Izumino, Y., & Nakashima, K. (2015). Bismuth minerals from the W–Mo–Sn deposits hosted in the Iwafune granitoids, Niigata Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 110(6), 300-312.
Izumino, Y., & Nakashima, K. (2015). Bismuth minerals from the W–Mo–Sn deposits hosted in the Iwafune granitoids, Niigata Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 110(6), 300-312.
Izumino, Y., & Nakashima, K. (2015). Bismuth minerals from the W–Mo–Sn deposits hosted in the Iwafune granitoids, Niigata Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 110(6), 300-312.
    • Chugoku Region
      • Yamaguchi Prefecture
        • Mine city
Uehara, S., et al. (2014) Minerals from Kyushu and Yamaguchi. (Fukuoka Mineral Club, 355 pages)
    • Tohoku Region
      • Yamagata Prefecture
Izumino, Y., Nakashima, K., & Nagashima, M. (2014). Cuprobismutite group minerals (cuprobismutite, hodrušhite, kupčíkite and padĕraite), other Bi–sulfosalts and Bi–tellurides from the Obari mine, Yamagata Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 109(4), 177-190.
Peru
 
  • Ancash Department
    • Bolognesi Province
      • Huallanca District
        • Huallanca
http://mrdata.usgs.gov/sedznpb/json/367 (lists of original references shown at this page)
Romania
 
  • Bihor Co.
    • Nucet
Cristiana L. Ciobanu, Nigel J. Cook, Christian Maunders, Benjamin P. Wade and Kathy Ehrig (2016): Focused Ion Beam and Advanced Electron Microscopy for Minerals: Insights and Outlook from Bismuth Sulphosalts. Minerals 6(4), 112.
  • Harghita Co.
    • Ditrău (Ditró)
Szakáll, S. & Kristály, F., Eds. (2010): Mineralogy of Székelyland, Eastern Transylvania, Romania. Csík County Nature and Conservation Society, Miercurea-Ciuc, Romania, 321 pp.
  • Maramureș Co.
    • Băiuț
Mitt. .Österr. Miner. Ges. 143 (1998); Cook, N. J. Mineralogisches Institut der Universität Würzburg Am Hubland, D-97074 Würzburg Lecture to the Austrian Mineralogical Society 23 rd June 1997 in Salzburg.
    • Borşa (Baia Borşa; Borsa)
Mitt. .Österr. Miner. Ges. 143 (1998)
Russia
 
  • Far-Eastern Region
    • Primorskiy Kray
Gorelikova et al (2006) Discriminating geodynamical regimes of tin ore formation using trace element composition of cassiterite: the Sikhote Alin case. in Compositional Data Analysis in the Geosciences: From Theory to Practice edited by Antonella Buccianti, G. Mateu-Figueras, Vera Pawlowsky-Glahn Geological Society Special Publication 264. pp 43-57
      • Kavalerovo Mining District
[MinRec 32:8]
Gonevchuk, V. G., Korostelev, P. G., & Semenyak, B. I. (2005). Genesis of the Tigrinoe tin deposit (Russia). Geology Of Ore Deposits C/C Of Geologiia Rudnykh Mestorozhdenii, 47(3), 223.
    • Sakhalinskaya Oblast'
      • Kuril Islands (Kurile Islands)
        • Iturup Island
http://maurice.strahlen.org/kurilles/kurilles.htm
  • Northern Caucasus Region
    • North Ossetia Republic
      • Sadon ore district
Groznova, E.O., Dobrovol’skaya, M.G., Kovalenker, V.A., Davydov, K.V., Bitarov, V.T., and Razin, M.V. (2006): Geology of Ore Deposits 48(2), 108-133.
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Brezno Co.
Pršek J.,2004: Štruktúra a kryštálochémia sulfosolí zo sulfidických mineralizácii Západnych Karpát (Kandid. Diz.práca).Archív Katedry miner. a petrografie Prírodoved. Fak. UK,Bratislava, 135 s.
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
Ozdín D. & Pršek J., 2004: Sulfosoli homologického radu lillianitu z hydrotermálnych mineralizácií Nízkych Tatier. Mineralia Slovaca, 36, 3-4, 279-285.
    • Revúca Co.
      • Chyžné
Bálintová T., Ozdín D.,2006:Sulphosalts from Chyžné-Herichová in the Western Carpathians (Slovakia). Acta Miner.-Petrograph.,Abstract Series 5, Szeged, p.8
    • Rimavská Sobota Co.
      • Hnúšťa
Ragan,M., Caňo,F., 1991: Prvé údaje o dvoch nových sulfosoliach (CuPbSbBi a AgPbBiSb) so selénom zmastencového ložiska Hnúšťa. Min.Slovaca, 23,1,36
  • Košice Region
    • Rožňava Co.
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590k
      • Rožňava (Rosenau; Rozsnyó)
Pauliš P., Ďuďa R., 2002:Nejznámejší mineralogická nalezište Slovenska. Kuttna, Kutná Hora, 136p
    • Trebišov Co.
Koděra, P., Rojkovičová, Ľ.,Košárková, M., 1998: Mineralógická správa lokality Byšta, Au-Ag. Manuscript, Archiv Geofond, Bratislava, 68 p
South Korea
 
  • Gangwon-do (Kangwon-do; Gang'weondo)
    • Yeonwha
Mineralogical Journal Vol. 13 (1986) , No. 2 pp 65-74
Spain
 
  • Andalusia
    • Córdoba
      • Belalcázar
  • Galicia
    • A Coruña (La Coruña)
      • Carballo-Malpica
Y. Moëlo et al. : "Homologues de la lillianite (gustavite, vikingite, heyrovskyite riche en Ag et Bi, ...) de l'indice à W-As-(Pb, Bi, Ag) de la Roche-Balue (Loire-Atlantique, France)", Bull. Minéral., 1987, 110, pp 43-64.
    • Orense (Ourense)
      • Ramírás
Calvo, M. (2003) Minerales y Minas de España. Vol II. Sulfuros y sulfosales. Museo de Ciencias Naturales de Alava. Vitoria. 705 págs.
Sweden
 
  • Dalarna
    • Falun
Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data, Ulf Nyberg material
      • Svärdsjö
        • Svartvik Mines
Dana 7:I:405.
  • Närke
    • Askersund
      • Hammar
No reference listed
  • Småland
    • Västervik
Arkiv för Kemi, Mineralogi och Geologi 3, nr35, 14
  • Västerbotten
    • Skellefteå
      • Boliden
        • Skellefteå Mine
Kjell Gatedal
Switzerland
 
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Collonges
      • Plex
Meisser, N. and Ansermet, S. (1993): Schweizer Strahler 9, 573-608
    • Le Trient Valley
      • Les Marécottes
- Meisser, N. (2012): La minéralogie de l'uranium dans le massif des Aiguilles Rouges. Matér. Géol. Suisse, Sér. géotech. 96, 183 p.
    • Lötschen valley
      • Lonza Valley
        • Mittal
Schweizer Strahler 4/2001 p 19-23
    • Martigny
      • Mont Chemin
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 254.
Graeser S., Reuse G. (2005) - Minéraux provenant du tunnel routier de Martigny. Le Cristallier Suisse, n°1, pp: 23-32
UK
 
  • Scotland
    • Central Region
      • Meal nan Oighreag
Y. Moëlo et al. : "Homologues de la lillianite (gustavite, vikingite, heyrovskyite riche en Ag et Bi, ...) de l'indice à W-As-(Pb, Bi, Ag) de la Roche-Balue (Loire-Atlantique, France)", Bull. Minéral., 1987, 110, pp 43-64.; Pattrick, R.A.D. (1984) Sulphide mineralogy of the Tomnadashan copper deposit and the Corrie Buie lead veins, south Loch Tayside, Scotland. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 48, n° 346, p. 85-91.
Ukraine
 
  • Zakarpats'ka Oblast' (Transcarpathian Oblasť; Zakarpattia)
    • Berehivskyi Raion
      • Berehove
Biruk, S., & Skakun, L. (2012). Bismuth minerals of the Beregovo ore field: mineral assemblages and spatial zonation (Transcarpathian, Ukraine). Geological Quarterly, 44(1), 39-46.
USA
 
  • California
    • Fresno Co.
      • Lakeshore
Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 105; www.mineralsocal.org
  • Colorado
    • Hinsdale Co.
      • Park District (Whitecross District; Burrows Park District; Adams District)
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
    • Lake Co.
      • Leadville District
        • Leadville
          • Printer Boy Hill
Dana 6: 1090; Am.Min.: 54:579 (1969)(abstract); Keller (1889).
    • Park Co.
      • Geneva District
Y. Moëlo et al. : "Homologues de la lillianite (gustavite, vikingite, heyrovskyite riche en Ag et Bi, ...) de l'indice à W-As-(Pb, Bi, Ag) de la Roche-Balue (Loire-Atlantique, France)", Bull. Minéral., 1987, 110, pp 43-64.
    • San Juan Co.
      • Animas District
        • Silverton
          • Sultan Mountain
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
      • Red Mountain District
        • Poughkeepsie Gulch
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    • San Miguel Co.
      • Ouray District (Uncompahgre District)
        • Telluride
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.; Foord, E. E., & Shawe, D. R. (1989). The Pb-Bi-Ag-Cu-(Hg) Chemistry Of Galena And Some Associated Sulfosalts: A Reviewand Some New Data From Colorado, California And Pennsylvania. Canadian Mineralogist, 27, 363-382.
    • Summit Co.
      • Montezuma Area
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
  • Idaho
    • Boise Co.
      • Quartzburg District
R&M 70:4 pp 242-263
Ream, Lanny R. 2004. Idaho Minerals, 2nd edition, Revised and Updated
  • Nevada
    • Lander Co.
      • Battle Mountain District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Nye Co.
      • Toquima Range
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
          • Manhattan
            • White Caps Mine
Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 26, pp. 355-376(1988)
Uzbekistan
 
  • Tashkent Viloyati (Toshkent)
    • Angren Region
      • Chatkal-Kuraminskii Range
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Plotinskaya, O. Y., Kovalenker, V. A., Seltmann, R., & Stanley, C. J. (2006). Te and Se mineralogy of the high-sulfidation Kochbulak and Kairagach epithermal gold telluride deposits (Kurama Ridge, Middle Tien Shan, Uzbekistan). Mineralogy and Petrology, 87(3-4), 187-207.
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