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Waldemar Lindgren
Green, yellowish green; ...
Sub-Vitreous, Resinous
Named by Charles Palache in 1935 in honour of Waldemar Lindgren [February 14, 1860 Kalmar, Sweden - November 3, 1939 Brighton, Massachusetts, USA], Swedish-American economic geologist, professor at Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts. He was a profound theorist on ore deposit formation.
A rare secondary mineral occurring in the oxidised zones of molybdenum-bearing copper deposits.

Classification of Lindgrenite

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)

7 : SULFATES (selenates, tellurates, chromates, molybdates, wolframates)
G : Molybdates, Wolframates and Niobates
B : With additional anions and/or H2O

3 : Basic Anhydrous Molybdates and Tungstates

27 : Sulphites, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
3 : Molybdates

Physical Properties of Lindgrenite

Sub-Vitreous, Resinous
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Green, yellowish green; pale green to yellow-green in transmitted light
Pale green
Hardness (Mohs):
On {010}, perfect; on {101} and {100}, very poor.
4.2 g/cm3 (Measured)    4.29 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of Lindgrenite

Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.930 nβ = 2.002 nγ = 2.020
Measured: 71° , Calculated: 50°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.090
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High
r > v strong
Optical Extinction:
Z to c = 9 degrees

Chemical Properties of Lindgrenite

IMA Formula:
Elements listed in formula:

Crystallography of Lindgrenite

Crystal System:
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
Cell Parameters:
a = 5.394 Å, b = 14.023 Å, c = 5.608 Å
β = 98.5°
a:b:c = 0.385 : 1 : 0.4
Unit Cell Volume:
V 419.53 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Crystals tabular or platy {010}, exhibiting {010}, which may be striated parallel [001].Also may exhibit forms {100}, {021}, and several others. Rarely acicular along [101] with a square outline; crusts; massive.
Space group = P21/n
X-Ray Powder Diffraction Data:
4.16 (50)
3.58 (30)
3.52 (100)
3.48 (70)
2.78 (20)
2.72 (30)
2.68 (40)
2.67 (20)

Type Occurrence of Lindgrenite

Place of Conservation of Type Material:
The Natural History Museum, London,m England: #1936,102.
Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: #97527, 97528.
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Relationship of Lindgrenite to other Species

7.GB.15UM1999-38-WO:CrV(V, Cr, W, O, H) [V:Cr:W ratio about 2:1:3]
7.GB.20PhyllotungstiteHCaFe33+(WO4)6 · 10H2O
7.GB.25RankachiteCa0.5(V4+,V5+)(W6+,Fe3+)2O8(OH) · 2H2O
7.GB.30FerrimolybditeFe23+(Mo6+O4)3 · 7H2O
7.GB.35MpororoiteAl2O(WO4)2 · 6H2O
7.GB.45ParamendozaviliteNaAl4Fe73+(PO4)5(P5+Mo126+O40)(OH)16 · 56H2O
7.GB.50Tancaite-(Ce)FeCe(MoO4)3 · 3H2O
27.3.6MouriteUO2Mo56+O16 · 5H2O
27.3.7Iriginite(UO2)Mo26+O7 · 3H2O
27.3.8Umohoite(UO2)Mo6+O4 · 2H2O
27.3.9MoluraniteH4U4+(UO2)3(MoO4)7 · 18H2O
27.3.10CousiniteMgU24+(MoO4)2(OH)6 · 2H2O (?)
27.3.11Calcurmolite(Ca1-xNax)2(UO2)3(MoO4)2(OH)6-x · nH2O
27.3.12TengchongiteCa(UO2)6(MoO4)2O5 · 12H2O
27.3.14FerrimolybditeFe23+(Mo6+O4)3 · 7H2O

Other Names for Lindgrenite

Name in Other Languages:

Other Information

Other Information:
Readily soluble in HCl and HNO3.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Lindgrenite

Reference List:
Palache, C. (1935) Lindgrenite, a new mineral. American Mineralogist: 20: 484-491.

Barnes (1949) American Mineralogist: 34: 163.

Barnes (1949) American Mineralogist: 34: 611.

Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 1094-1095.

L. D. Calvert and W. H. Barnes (1957) The structure of lindgrenite. Can. Mineral. 6, 31-51.

Hawthorne, F.C. and R.K. Eby (1985) Refinement of the crystal structure of lindgrenite. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte (1985): 5: 234-240.

Internet Links for Lindgrenite URL:
Please feel free to link to this page.

Localities for Lindgrenite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
  • Antofagasta Region
    • Antofagasta Province
      • Sierra Gorda District
        • Caracoles
A.Molina & M. Dini collections - analysed material
    • El Loa Province
      • Calama
        • Chuquicamata District
Palache, C. (1935) American Mineralogist: 20, 484-491; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1095.
  • Atacama Region
    • Chañaral Province
      • Inca de Oro
pers. comm. T. Szenics to C. Lemanski, Jr. (2006).
    • Copiapó Province
      • Cachiyuyo de Llampos district
        • Carrera Pinto
maurizio dini collection
    • Huasco Province
      • Vallenar
Samples analysed by Dr. Jochen Schluter, Curator of Hamburg Mineralogical Museum, Germany
  • Libertador General Bernardo O'Higgins Region
    • Cachapoal Province
      • Rancagua
        • El Teniente
Royal Ontario Museum
  • Nouvelle-Aquitaine
    • Haute-Vienne
      • Nantiat
        • Vaulry
          • Vaulry Mines
Queneau Patrice collection
  • Honshu Island
    • Kinki Region
      • Nara Prefecture
Miyazaki et al (2000) Koubutsu-Gakkai Kou’en-Youshi, 89
  • Telemark
    • Tokke
      • Klauvreid
Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p. 114.
  • Arizona
    • Gila Co.
      • Globe-Miami District
        • Miami-Inspiration District
          • Inspiration
            • Miami-Inspiration deposit
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 334.
Reed, E. F., & Simmons, W. W. (1962). Geological notes on the Miami-Inspiration mine. In Guidebook of the Mogollon Rim region, east-central Arizona: New Mexico Geological Society Guidebook, 13th Field Conference (pp. 153-157).
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 278; Peterson, N.P. (1962), Geology and ore deposits of the Globe-Miami district, AZ, USGS PP 342: 77; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 82.
    • Maricopa Co.
      • Verde Mts
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 278; Schaller, W.T. (1932), Chemical composition of cuprotungstite, Am.Min.: 17: 234-237; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 82.
    • Pima Co.
      • Sierrita Mts
        • Pima District (Olive District; Mineral Hill District; Twin Buttes District)
thony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 278.
    • Pinal Co.
      • Dripping Spring Mts
        • Mineral Creek District (Ray District)
          • Ray Mine area
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 279.
      • Galiuro Mts
        • Bunker Hill District (Copper Creek District)
          • Copper Creek (Copper Creek Canyon)
            • Copper Creek
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 278.
      • Pinal Mts
        • Pioneer District
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 279.
  • California
    • Plumas Co.
      • Diamond Mts
        • Last Chance District
          • Adams Peak
Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California: 340.
Dunning, G.E., Cooper, J.F. (2005) Mineralogy of the Spring Creek area, Last Chance mining district, Plumas County, California. Axis: 1: 1-30.
  • Idaho
    • Adams Co.
Rocks & Min. 70:244
        • Cuprum
Ream, Lanny R. 2004. Idaho Minerals, 2nd edition, Revised and Updated
R&M 70:4 pp 242-263
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