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About LindgreniteHide

Waldemar Lindgren
Green, yellowish green; pale green to yellow-green in transmitted light
Sub-Vitreous, Resinous
Specific Gravity:
Crystal System:
Named by Charles Palache in 1935 in honour of Waldemar Lindgren [February 14, 1860 Kalmar, Sweden - November 3, 1939 Brighton, Massachusetts, USA], Swedish-American economic geologist, professor at Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts. He was a profound theorist on ore deposit formation.
A rare secondary mineral occurring in the oxidised zones of molybdenum-bearing copper deposits.

Classification of LindgreniteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)

7 : SULFATES (selenates, tellurates, chromates, molybdates, wolframates)
G : Molybdates, Wolframates and Niobates
B : With additional anions and/or H2O

3 : Basic Anhydrous Molybdates and Tungstates

27 : Sulphites, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
3 : Molybdates

Physical Properties of LindgreniteHide

Sub-Vitreous, Resinous
Green, yellowish green; pale green to yellow-green in transmitted light
Pale green
4½ on Mohs scale
On {010}, perfect; on {101} and {100}, very poor.
4.2 g/cm3 (Measured)    4.29 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of LindgreniteHide

Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.930 nβ = 2.002 nγ = 2.020
Measured: 71° , Calculated: 50°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.090
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High
r > v strong
Optical Extinction:
Z to c = 9 degrees

Chemical Properties of LindgreniteHide

IMA Formula:

Crystallography of LindgreniteHide

Crystal System:
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
Cell Parameters:
a = 5.394 Å, b = 14.023 Å, c = 5.608 Å
β = 98.5°
a:b:c = 0.385 : 1 : 0.4
Unit Cell V:
419.53 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Crystals tabular or platy {010}, exhibiting {010}, which may be striated parallel [001].Also may exhibit forms {100}, {021}, and several others. Rarely acicular along [101] with a square outline; crusts; massive.
Space group = P21/n

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
4.16 Å(50)
3.58 Å(30)
3.52 Å(100)
3.48 Å(70)
2.78 Å(20)
2.72 Å(30)
2.68 Å(40)
2.67 Å(20)

Type Occurrence of LindgreniteHide

Place of Conservation of Type Material:
The Natural History Museum, London,m England: #1936,102.
Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: #97527, 97528.
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Other Language Names for LindgreniteHide

Common AssociatesHide

ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
3 photos of Lindgrenite associated with ChalcophylliteCu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
3 photos of Lindgrenite associated with BorniteCu5FeS4
3 photos of Lindgrenite associated with PowelliteCa(MoO4)
2 photos of Lindgrenite associated with MolybdeniteMoS2
1 photo of Lindgrenite associated with Miersite(Ag,Cu)I
1 photo of Lindgrenite associated with Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

7.GB.15CuprotungstiteCu2(WO4)(OH)2Tet. 4 2 2 : P41 21 2
7.GB.15UM1999-38-WO:CrV(V, Cr, W, O, H) [V:Cr:W ratio about 2:1:3]
7.GB.20Phyllotungstite(H2O,M)x(W,Fe)(O,OH)3 · yH2O (M = Ca, Cs, Pb or K)Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
7.GB.25RankachiteCa0.5(V4+,V5+)(W6+,Fe3+)2O8(OH) · 2H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
7.GB.30FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmn
7.GB.35AnthoiniteAlWO3(OH)3Tric. 1
7.GB.35MpororoiteWAlO3(OH)3 · 2(H2O)
7.GB.40Obradovicite-KCu[K2(H2O)17Cu(H2O)6][Mo8As2Fe3+3O34(OH)3]Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmna
7.GB.45Mendozavilite-NaFe[Na2(H2O)15Fe3+(H2O)6][Mo8P2Fe3+3O35(OH)2]Mon. 2/m : B2/m
7.GB.50Tancaite-(Ce)FeCe(MoO4)3·3H2O Trig. 3 : R3

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

27.3.2PowelliteCa(MoO4)Tet. 4/m : I41/a
27.3.3WulfenitePb(MoO4)Tet. 4/m : I41/a
27.3.4KoechliniteBi2MoO6Orth. mm2 : Pna21
27.3.7Iriginite(UO2)Mo2O7 · 3H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbcm
27.3.8Umohoite(UO2)MoO4 · 2H2OTric.
27.3.9MoluraniteH4U4+(UO2)3(MoO4)7 · 18H2O
27.3.10CousiniteMgU2Mo2O11 · 6H2O
27.3.11Calcurmolite(Ca,Na)2(UO2)3Mo2(O,OH)11 · nH2O
27.3.12TengchongiteCaO · 6UO3 · 2MoO3 · 12H2OOrth.
27.3.14FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmn

Other InformationHide

Readily soluble in HCl and HNO3.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for LindgreniteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Palache, C. (1935) Lindgrenite, a new mineral. American Mineralogist: 20: 484-491.
Barnes (1949) American Mineralogist: 34: 163.
Barnes (1949) American Mineralogist: 34: 611.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 1094-1095.
L. D. Calvert and W. H. Barnes (1957) The structure of lindgrenite. Can. Mineral. 6, 31-51.
Hawthorne, F.C. and R.K. Eby (1985) Refinement of the crystal structure of lindgrenite. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte (1985): 5: 234-240.

Internet Links for LindgreniteHide

Localities for LindgreniteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • Antofagasta
    • Antofagasta Province
      • Sierra Gorda
        • Caracoles
A.Molina & M. Dini collections - analysed material
    • El Loa Province
      • Calama
        • Chuquicamata District
Palache, C. (1935) American Mineralogist: 20, 484-491; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1095.
  • Atacama
    • Chañaral Province
      • Inca de Oro mining district
pers. comm. T. Szenics to C. Lemanski, Jr. (2006).
    • Copiapó Province
      • Cachiyuyo de Llampos district
        • Carrera Pinto
maurizio dini collection
    • Huasco Province
      • Vallenar
Samples analysed by Dr. Jochen Schluter, Curator of Hamburg Mineralogical Museum, Germany
  • O'Higgins
    • Cachapoal Province
      • Rancagua
        • El Teniente
Royal Ontario Museum
  • Nouvelle-Aquitaine
    • Haute-Vienne
      • Nantiat
        • Vaulry
          • Vaulry Mines
Queneau Patrice collection
  • Nara Prefecture
Miyazaki et al (2000) Koubutsu-Gakkai Kou’en-Youshi, 89
  • Drâa-Tafilalet Region
Favreau, G. & Barral, J.-P. (2019): Bou Azzer 2007-2019 - Mineas et minéraux du district de Bou Azzer. Cahier des Micromonteurs, 145, 3-129.
  • Telemark
    • Tokke
      • Klauvreid
Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p. 114.
  • England
    • Cumbria
Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Kingsbury & Hartley).; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
      • Eden
        • Mungrisdale
Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1955) On the occurrence of the rare copper molybdate, lindgrenite, at Brandy Gill, Carrock Fell. Cumberland. Mineralogical Magazine, 30(230), 723-726.; Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10, 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous mineral localities: Pyromorphite group minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121 (referring to Hartley, 1984).
  • Arizona
    • Gila Co.
      • Globe-Miami Mining District
        • Miami-Inspiration Mining District
          • Inspiration
            • Miami-Inspiration deposit
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 334.
Reed, E. F., & Simmons, W. W. (1962). Geological notes on the Miami-Inspiration mine. In Guidebook of the Mogollon Rim region, east-central Arizona: New Mexico Geological Society Guidebook, 13th Field Conference (pp. 153-157).
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 278; Peterson, N.P. (1962), Geology and ore deposits of the Globe-Miami district, AZ, USGS PP 342: 77; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 82.
    • Maricopa Co.
      • Verde Mountains
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 278; Schaller, W.T. (1932), Chemical composition of cuprotungstite, Am.Min.: 17: 234-237; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 82.
    • Pima Co.
      • Sierrita Mountains
        • Pima Mining District (Olive Mining District; Mineral Hill Mining District; Twin Buttes Mining District)
thony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 278.
    • Pinal Co.
      • Galiuro Mountains
        • Bunker Hill District (Copper Creek District)
          • Copper Creek (Copper Creek Canyon)
            • Copper Creek
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 278.
      • Pinal Mountains
        • Pioneer Mining District
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 279.
      • Riverside Mining District
        • Kelvin
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 279.
  • California
    • Plumas Co.
      • Last Chance Mining District
        • Adams Peak
Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California: 340.
Dunning, G.E., Cooper, J.F. (2005) Mineralogy of the Spring Creek area, Last Chance mining district, Plumas County, California. Axis: 1: 1-30.
  • Colorado
    • San Miguel Co.
      • Slick Rock Mining District
Kampf, A. R., Plášil, J., Nash, B. P., & Marty, J. (2019). Ammoniomathesiusite, a new uranyl sulfate–vanadate mineral from the Burro mine, San Miguel County, Colorado, USA. Mineralogical Magazine, 83(1), 115-121.
  • Idaho
    • Adams Co.
Rocks & Min. 70:244
        • Cuprum
Ream, Lanny R. 2004. Idaho Minerals, 2nd edition, Revised and Updated
R&M 70:4 pp 242-263
Mineral and/or Locality  
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