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Lindgrenite

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About LindgreniteHide

Waldemar Lindgren
Formula:
Cu3(MoO4)2(OH)2
Colour:
Green, yellowish green; pale green to yellow-green in transmitted light
Lustre:
Sub-Vitreous, Resinous
Hardness:
Specific Gravity:
4.2
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
Named by Charles Palache in 1935 in honour of Waldemar Lindgren [February 14, 1860 Kalmar, Sweden - November 3, 1939 Brighton, Massachusetts, USA], Swedish-American economic geologist, professor at Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts. He was a profound theorist on ore deposit formation.
A rare secondary mineral occurring in the oxidised zones of molybdenum-bearing copper deposits.


Classification of LindgreniteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
7.GB.05

7 : SULFATES (selenates, tellurates, chromates, molybdates, wolframates)
G : Molybdates, Wolframates and Niobates
B : With additional anions and/or H2O
48.3.1.1

48 : ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
3 : Basic Anhydrous Molybdates and Tungstates
27.3.1

27 : Sulphites, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
3 : Molybdates

Physical Properties of LindgreniteHide

Sub-Vitreous, Resinous
Transparency:
Transparent
Colour:
Green, yellowish green; pale green to yellow-green in transmitted light
Streak:
Pale green
Hardness:
4½ on Mohs scale
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Perfect
On {010}, perfect; on {101} and {100}, very poor.
Fracture:
Micaceous
Density:
4.2 g/cm3 (Measured)    4.29 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of LindgreniteHide

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.930 nβ = 2.002 nγ = 2.020
2V:
Measured: 71° , Calculated: 50°
Birefringence:
0.090
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.090
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High
Dispersion:
r > v strong
Optical Extinction:
Z to c = 9 degrees

Chemical Properties of LindgreniteHide

Formula:
Cu3(MoO4)2(OH)2
IMA Formula:
Cu3(Mo6+O4)2(OH)2

Crystallography of LindgreniteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
P21/m
Cell Parameters:
a = 5.394 Å, b = 14.023 Å, c = 5.608 Å
β = 98.5°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.385 : 1 : 0.4
Unit Cell V:
419.53 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
2
Morphology:
Crystals tabular or platy {010}, exhibiting {010}, which may be striated parallel [001].Also may exhibit forms {100}, {021}, and several others. Rarely acicular along [101] with a square outline; crusts; massive.
Comment:
Space group = P21/n

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
4.16 (50)
3.58 (30)
3.52 (100)
3.48 (70)
2.78 (20)
2.72 (30)
2.68 (40)
2.67 (20)
Comments:
36-0405

Type Occurrence of LindgreniteHide

Place of Conservation of Type Material:
The Natural History Museum, London,m England: #1936,102.
Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: #97527, 97528.
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Other Language Names for LindgreniteHide

Common AssociatesHide

AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
MolybdeniteMoS2
PowelliteCa(MoO4)
QuartzSiO2
Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Chalcophyllite3 photos of Lindgrenite associated with Chalcophyllite on mindat.org.
Bornite3 photos of Lindgrenite associated with Bornite on mindat.org.
Powellite3 photos of Lindgrenite associated with Powellite on mindat.org.
Molybdenite2 photos of Lindgrenite associated with Molybdenite on mindat.org.
Miersite1 photo of Lindgrenite associated with Miersite on mindat.org.
Goethite1 photo of Lindgrenite associated with Goethite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

7.GB.10SzenicsiteCu3(MoO4)(OH)4Orth.
7.GB.15CuprotungstiteCu2(WO4)(OH)2Tet. 4 2 2 : P41 21 2
7.GB.15UM1999-38-WO:CrV(V, Cr, W, O, H) [V:Cr:W ratio about 2:1:3]
7.GB.20Phyllotungstite(H2O,M)x(W,Fe)(O,OH)3 · yH2O (M = Ca, Cs, Pb or K)Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
7.GB.25RankachiteCa0.5(V4+,V5+)(W6+,Fe3+)2O8(OH) · 2H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
7.GB.30FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmn
7.GB.35AnthoiniteAlWO3(OH)3Tric. 1
7.GB.35MpororoiteWAlO3(OH)3 · 2(H2O)
7.GB.40Obradovicite-KCu[K2(H2O)17Cu(H2O)6][Mo8As2Fe3+3O34(OH)3]Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmna
7.GB.45Mendozavilite-NaFe[Na2(H2O)15Fe3+(H2O)6][Mo8P2Fe3+3O35(OH)2]Mon. 2/m : B2/m
7.GB.45ParamendozaviliteNaAl4Fe7(PO4)5(PMo12O40)(OH)16 · 56H2OMon.
7.GB.50Tancaite-(Ce)FeCe(MoO4)3·3H2O Trig. 3 : R3

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

27.3.2PowelliteCa(MoO4)Tet. 4/m : I41/a
27.3.3WulfenitePb(MoO4)Tet. 4/m : I41/a
27.3.4KoechliniteBi2MoO6Orth. mm2 : Pna21
27.3.5SedoviteU(MoO4)2Orth.
27.3.6MouriteUMo5O12(OH)10Mon.
27.3.7Iriginite(UO2)Mo2O7 · 3H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbcm
27.3.8Umohoite(UO2)MoO4 · 2H2OTric.
27.3.9MoluraniteH4U4+(UO2)3(MoO4)7 · 18H2O
27.3.10CousiniteMgU2Mo2O11 · 6H2O
27.3.11Calcurmolite(Ca,Na)2(UO2)3Mo2(O,OH)11 · nH2O
27.3.12TengchongiteCaO · 6UO3 · 2MoO3 · 12H2OOrth.
27.3.13KamiokiteFe2Mo3O8Hex.
27.3.14FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmn

Other InformationHide

Notes:
Readily soluble in HCl and HNO3.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for LindgreniteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Palache, C. (1935) Lindgrenite, a new mineral. American Mineralogist: 20: 484-491.
Barnes (1949) American Mineralogist: 34: 163.
Barnes (1949) American Mineralogist: 34: 611.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 1094-1095.
L. D. Calvert and W. H. Barnes (1957) The structure of lindgrenite. Can. Mineral. 6, 31-51.
Hawthorne, F.C. and R.K. Eby (1985) Refinement of the crystal structure of lindgrenite. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte (1985): 5: 234-240.

Internet Links for LindgreniteHide

Localities for LindgreniteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Chile
 
  • Antofagasta Region
    • Antofagasta Province
      • Sierra Gorda District
        • Caracoles
A.Molina & M. Dini collections - analysed material
    • El Loa Province
      • Calama
        • Chuquicamata District
Palache, C. (1935) American Mineralogist: 20, 484-491; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1095.
  • Atacama Region
    • Chañaral Province
      • Inca de Oro
pers. comm. T. Szenics to C. Lemanski, Jr. (2006).
    • Copiapó Province
      • Cachiyuyo de Llampos district
        • Carrera Pinto
maurizio dini collection
    • Huasco Province
      • Vallenar
Samples analysed by Dr. Jochen Schluter, Curator of Hamburg Mineralogical Museum, Germany
  • Libertador General Bernardo O'Higgins Region
    • Cachapoal Province
      • Rancagua
        • El Teniente
Royal Ontario Museum
France
 
  • Nouvelle-Aquitaine
    • Haute-Vienne
      • Nantiat
        • Vaulry
          • Vaulry Mines
Queneau Patrice collection
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Kinki Region
      • Nara Prefecture
Miyazaki et al (2000) Koubutsu-Gakkai Kou’en-Youshi, 89
Norway
 
  • Telemark
    • Tokke
      • Klauvreid
Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p. 114.
UK
 
  • England
    • Cumbria
Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
      • Eden
        • Mungrisdale
Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1955) On the occurrence of the rare copper molybdate, lindgrenite, at Brandy Gill, Carrock Fell. Cumberland. Mineralogical Magazine, 30(230), 723-726.; Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10, 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous mineral localities: Pyromorphite group minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121 (referring to Hartley, 1984).
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Gila Co.
      • Globe-Miami District
        • Miami-Inspiration District
          • Inspiration
            • Miami-Inspiration deposit
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 334.
Reed, E. F., & Simmons, W. W. (1962). Geological notes on the Miami-Inspiration mine. In Guidebook of the Mogollon Rim region, east-central Arizona: New Mexico Geological Society Guidebook, 13th Field Conference (pp. 153-157).
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 278; Peterson, N.P. (1962), Geology and ore deposits of the Globe-Miami district, AZ, USGS PP 342: 77; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 82.
    • Maricopa Co.
      • Verde Mts
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 278; Schaller, W.T. (1932), Chemical composition of cuprotungstite, Am.Min.: 17: 234-237; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 82.
    • Pima Co.
      • Sierrita Mts
        • Pima District (Olive District; Mineral Hill District; Twin Buttes District)
thony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 278.
    • Pinal Co.
      • Galiuro Mts
        • Bunker Hill District (Copper Creek District)
          • Copper Creek (Copper Creek Canyon)
            • Copper Creek
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 278.
      • Pinal Mts
        • Pioneer District
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 279.
      • Riverside District
        • Kelvin
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 279.
  • California
    • Plumas Co.
      • Diamond Mts
        • Last Chance District
          • Adams Peak
Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California: 340.
Dunning, G.E., Cooper, J.F. (2005) Mineralogy of the Spring Creek area, Last Chance mining district, Plumas County, California. Axis: 1: 1-30.
  • Idaho
    • Adams Co.
Rocks & Min. 70:244
        • Cuprum
Ream, Lanny R. 2004. Idaho Minerals, 2nd edition, Revised and Updated
R&M 70:4 pp 242-263
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