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Liveingite

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Formula:
Pb9As13S28
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
3
Specific Gravity:
5.3
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Member of:
Name:
Named by R.H. Solly and H. Jackson in 1901 in honor of George Downing Liveing (14 August 1827, Nayland, Suffolk, UK - 26 December 1924), Professor of Chemistry, University of Cambridge, England. The name rathite-II also refers to liveingite.
An Ag-rich, closely related species is argentoliveingite.


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Classification of LiveingiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
2.HC.05c

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
H : Sulfosalts of SnS archetype
C : With only Pb
3.6.17.1

3 : SULFOSALTS
6 : 2 < ø < 2.49
5.6.3

5 : Sulphosalts - Sulpharsenites and Sulphobismuthites (those containing Sn, Ge,or V are in Section 6)
6 : Sulpharsenites etc. of Pb alone

Physical Properties of LiveingiteHide

Metallic
Transparency:
Opaque
Hardness:
Density:
5.3 g/cm3 (Measured)    

Optical Data of LiveingiteHide

Type:
Anisotropic
Internal Reflections:
Deep red

Chemical Properties of LiveingiteHide

Formula:
Pb9As13S28
IMA Formula:
Pb18.5As25S56

Crystallography of LiveingiteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Cell Parameters:
a = 7.94 Å, b = 70.84 Å, c = 8.33 Å
β = 90°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.112 : 1 : 0.118
Unit Cell V:
4,685.37 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Twinning:
On {100}. Irregular twin lamellae visible in polished section.
Comment:
Le Bihan (1961) gives the following unit-cell parameters: 8.43, 70.90, 7.91 Å, β 90.25°.

Type Occurrence of LiveingiteHide

Synonyms of LiveingiteHide

Other Language Names for LiveingiteHide

Simplified Chinese:利硫砷铅矿
Spanish:Liveingita
Traditional Chinese:利硫砷鉛礦

Relationship of Liveingite to other SpeciesHide

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
ArgentobaumhaueriteAg1.5Pb22As33.5S72Tric. 1 : P1
ArgentodufrénoysiteAg3Pb26As35S80Tric. 1 : P1
ArgentoliveingiteAgxPb40-2xAs48+xS112Tric. 1 : P1
BarikaiteAg3Pb10(Sb8As11)S40Mon. 2/m : P21/b
BaumhaueritePb12As16S36Tric. 1 : P1
BernarlottiitePb6(As5Sb3)S18Tric. 1 : P1
BoscardiniteTlPb4(Sb7As2)S18Tric. 1 : P1
Carducciite(Ag2Sb2)Pb12(As,Sb)16S40Mon. 2/m : P21/b
DufrénoysitePb2As2S5Mon. 2 : P21
ÉcrinsiteAgTl3Pb4As11Sb9S36Tric. 1 : P1
EnneasartoriteTl6Pb32As70S140Mon. 2/m : P21/b
GuettarditePbAsSbS4Mon. 2/m : P21/b
HendekasartoriteTl2Pb48As82S172Mon. 2/m : P21/b
HeptasartoriteTl7Pb22As55S108Mon. 2/m : P21/b
HyršlitePb8As10Sb6S32Mon. 2 : P21
IncomsartoriteTl6Pb144As246S516Mon. 2/m
ParapierrotiteTlSb5S8Mon. m
PhilrothiteTlAs3S5Mon. 2/m : P21/b
PierrotiteTl2(Sb,As)10S16Orth. mm2 : Pna21
PolloneiteAgPb46As26Sb23S120Mon. 2 : P21
RathiteAg2Pb12-xTlx/2As18+x/2S40Mon. 2/m : P21/b
SartoritePbAs2S4Mon. 2/m : P21/m
Twinnite Pb0.8Tl0.1Sb1.3As0.8S4Mon. 2/m
VeenitePb2(Sb,As)2S5Mon. 2 : P21

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Pyrite5 photos of Liveingite associated with Pyrite on mindat.org.
Jordanite4 photos of Liveingite associated with Jordanite on mindat.org.
Dolomite3 photos of Liveingite associated with Dolomite on mindat.org.
Seligmannite1 photo of Liveingite associated with Seligmannite on mindat.org.
Realgar1 photo of Liveingite associated with Realgar on mindat.org.
Sinnerite1 photo of Liveingite associated with Sinnerite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.HC.05bArgentobaumhaueriteAg1.5Pb22As33.5S72Tric. 1 : P1
2.HC.05bBaumhaueritePb12As16S36Tric. 1 : P1
2.HC.05eChabournéiteTl4Pb2(Sb,As)20S34Tric. 1 : P1
2.HC.05dDufrénoysitePb2As2S5Mon. 2 : P21
2.HC.05aGuettarditePbAsSbS4Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.HC.05fParapierrotiteTlSb5S8Mon. m
2.HC.05fPierrotiteTl2(Sb,As)10S16Orth. mm2 : Pna21
2.HC.05dRathiteAg2Pb12-xTlx/2As18+x/2S40Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.HC.05aSartoritePbAs2S4Mon. 2/m : P21/m
2.HC.05aTwinnite Pb0.8Tl0.1Sb1.3As0.8S4Mon. 2/m
2.HC.05dVeenitePb2(Sb,As)2S5Mon. 2 : P21
2.HC.05gMarumoitePb32As40S92Mon. 2 : P21
2.HC.05eDalnegroite(Tl4Pb2)(As12Sb8)S34Tric. 1 : P1
2.HC.10aFülöppitePb3Sb8S15Mon. 2/m : B2/b
2.HC.10cHeteromorphitePb7Sb8S19Mon. 2/m : B2/b
2.HC.10bPlagionitePb5Sb8S17Mon. 2/m
2.HC.10dRayitePb8(Ag,Tl)2Sb8S21Mon.
2.HC.10dSemseyitePb9Sb8S21Mon. 2/m : B2/b
2.HC.15BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.HC.15FalkmanitePb3Sb2S6Mon.
2.HC.20RobinsonitePb4Sb6S13Mon. 2/m : P21/m
2.HC.25MoëloitePb6Sb6S14(S3)Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 2
2.HC.30DadsonitePb23Sb25S60ClTric. 1 : P1
2.HC.35OwyheeiteAg3+xPb10-2xSb11+xS28, -0.13 < x > +0.20Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.HC.35ZoubekiteAgPb4Sb4S10Orth.
2.HC.40ParasterryiteAg4Pb20Sb14As10S58Mon. 2/m : P21/b

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

5.6.1SartoritePbAs2S4Mon. 2/m : P21/m
5.6.2DufrénoysitePb2As2S5Mon. 2 : P21
5.6.4BaumhaueritePb12As16S36Tric. 1 : P1
5.6.5GratonitePb9As4S15Trig. 3m : R3m
5.6.6JordanitePb14(As,Sb)6S23Mon. 2/m : P21/m
5.6.7FülöppitePb3Sb8S15Mon. 2/m : B2/b
5.6.8ZinkenitePb9Sb22S42Hex. 6 : P63
5.6.9PlagionitePb5Sb8S17Mon. 2/m
5.6.10HeteromorphitePb7Sb8S19Mon. 2/m : B2/b
5.6.11LaunayiteCuPb10(Sb,As)12S20Mon.
5.6.12PlayfairitePb16(Sb,As)19S44ClMon.
5.6.13SemseyitePb9Sb8S21Mon. 2/m : B2/b
5.6.14MadocitePb19(Sb,As)16S43Orth.
5.6.15BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.6.17RobinsonitePb4Sb6S13Mon. 2/m : P21/m
5.6.18GuettarditePbAsSbS4Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.6.19Twinnite Pb0.8Tl0.1Sb1.3As0.8S4Mon. 2/m
5.6.20VeenitePb2(Sb,As)2S5Mon. 2 : P21
5.6.21SorbyiteCuPb9(Sb,As)11S26Mon. 2/m : B2/m
5.6.22GeocronitePb14(Sb,As)6S23Mon. 2/m : P21/m
5.6.23GalenobismutitePbBi2S4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.6.24CosalitePb2Bi2S5Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.6.25CannizzaritePb48Bi56S132Mon. 2/m : P21/m
5.6.26LillianitePb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.6.27GiessenitePb27Cu2(Bi,Sb)19S57Mon. 2/m
5.6.28Platynite
5.6.29XilingolitePb3Bi2S6Mon.
5.6.30WeibullitePb5Bi8Se7S11Orth.
5.6.31WittitePb9Bi12(S,Se)27Mon.
5.6.32KirkiitePb10Bi3As3S19Mon. 2/m : P21/m
5.6.33UstarasitePb(Bi,Sb)6S10 (?)

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for LiveingiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Solly, R.H., Jackson, H. (1902) Liveingite, a new mineral from the Binnenthal. Proceedings of the Cambridge Philosophical Society: 11: 239-240.
Giuşcă, D. (1930) Die Erze der Lagerstätte vom Lengenbach im Binnental (Wallis). Schweiz. Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen: 10: 152-177.
Palache, C., Berman, H., Frondel, C. (1944) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 462-463.
Le Bihan, M.T. (1961): Structure de la rathite II. Comparaison entre les differentes structures connues de sulfures d'arsenic et de plomb. Acta Crystallographica: 14: 1211-1212.
Nowacki, W. (1967) Sulfides and sulfosalts. XXXIX. Possible identity of liveingite with rathite-II. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte: 1967: 353-354 (in German).
Fleischer, M. (1969) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 54: 1495-1499.
Engel, P., Nowacki, W. (1970): Die Kristallstruktur von Rathit-II [As25S56|PbVII6,5PbIX12]. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie: 131: 356-375.
Ozawa, T., Nowacki, W. (1974) Note on the mineral rathite-IV. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte: 1974: 530-531.
Laroussi, A., Moëlo, Y., Ohnenstetter, D., Ginderow, D. (1989) Argent et thallium dans les sulfosels de la série de la sartorite (Gisement de Lengenbach, vallée de Binn, Suisse). Comptes Rendus de l'Académie des Sciences, Série II: 308: 927-933.
Pring, A. (1990) Disordered intergrowths in lead-arsenic sulfide minerals and the paragenesis of the sartorite-group minerals. American Mineralogist: 75: 289-294.
Pring, A. (2001) The crystal chemistry of the sartorite group minerals from Lengenbach, Binntal, Switzerland - a HRTEM study. Schweizerische Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen: 81: 69-87.
Berlepsch, P., Armbruster, T., Topa, D. (2002) Structural and chemical variations in rathite, Pb8Pb4-x(Tl2As2)x(Ag2As2)As16S40: modulations of a parent structure. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie: 217: 581-590.
Roth, P. (2007) Liveingite. in Minerals first discovered in Switzerland and minerals named after Swiss individuals, Kristallografik Verlag (Achberg Germany): 100-101.

Internet Links for LiveingiteHide

Localities for LiveingiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Chile
 
  • Arica and Parinacota Region
    • Parinacota Province
      • Ticnamar area
Cecioni A, Cornejo C, Ruz L.; Choquelimpie, un yacimiento epitermal", Actas n. 1 del Congreso Geológico Chileno, pag.181/183, agosto 2000; Econ Geol (1991) 86:1206-1221
France
 
  • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
    • Alpes-Maritimes
      • Guillaumes
        • Péone
R. Pierrot, P. Picot, J. Feraud, J. Vernet : "Inventaire Minéralogique de la France, N° 4, Alpes Maritimes", BRGM, 1974
Spain
 
  • Castile and Leon
    • León
      • Crémenes
Crespo, J. L., Moro, M. C., Fadón, O., Cabrera, R., & Fernández, A. (2000). The Salamón gold deposit (León, Spain). Journal of Geochemical Exploration,71(2), 191-208. [as "leveingita"]
Switzerland (TL)
 
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Binn Valley
      • Fäld (Imfeld; Im Feld; Feld)
Bull Min 85 (1962), 15
Mineral and/or Locality  
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