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Loparite-(Ce)

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About Loparite-(Ce)Hide

Formula:
(Na,REE)2Ti2O6
Colour:
Black to grayish black
Lustre:
Metallic, Sub-Metallic
Hardness:
Specific Gravity:
4.60 - 4.89
Crystal System:
Isometric
Name:
From the Russian name for the Saami or Lapp people, Lopar', the indigenous people of the Kola peninsula, and the Ce content. It was first reported from the Lovozero massif, Kola, Russia by W. Ramsay in 1890 as " new mineral no.1".
This page provides mineralogical data about Loparite-(Ce).


Classification of Loparite-(Ce)Hide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
Approval Year:
1983
4.CC.35

4 : OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodates)
C : Metal: Oxygen = 2: 3,3: 5, and similar
C : With large and medium-sized cations
4.3.3.3

4 : SIMPLE OXIDES
3 : A2X3
18.2.11

18 : Niobates and Tantalates
2 : Niobates and tantalates containing rare earths but not U

Physical Properties of Loparite-(Ce)Hide

Metallic, Sub-Metallic
Transparency:
Opaque
Colour:
Black to grayish black
Streak:
Cinnamon-brown to brown
Hardness:
5½ on Mohs scale
Hardness:
VHN100=908 - 1402 kg/mm2 - Vickers
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Imperfect/Fair
{100}
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven
Density:
4.60 - 4.89 g/cm3 (Measured)    4.85(10) g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of Loparite-(Ce)Hide

Type:
Isotropic
RI values:
n = 2.26 - 2.38
Birefringence:
Isotropic minerals have no birefringence
Surface Relief:
Very High
Colour in reflected light:
light gray or white with a creamy tinge
Internal Reflections:
brownish red
Comments:
dark brown in thin section, may be zoned;
anomalously anisotropic

Chemical Properties of Loparite-(Ce)Hide

Formula:
(Na,REE)2Ti2O6
IMA Formula:
(Na,Ce,Sr)(Ce,Th)(Ti,Nb)2O6

Crystallography of Loparite-(Ce)Hide

Crystal System:
Isometric
Class (H-M):
m3m (4/m 3 2/m) - Hexoctahedral
Cell Parameters:
a = 3.87(2) Å
Unit Cell V:
57.96 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
1
Twinning:
Commonly as penetration twins on {111}
Comment:
Pm3m

Crystal StructureHide

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IDSpeciesReferenceLinkYearLocalityPressure (GPa)Temp (K)
0005639Loparite-(Ce)Mitchell R H, Burns P C, Chakhmouradian A R (2000) The crystal structures of loparite-(Ce) The Canadian Mineralogist 38 145-1522000Khibina complex, Russia0293
0005640Loparite-(Ce)Mitchell R H, Burns P C, Chakhmouradian A R (2000) The crystal structures of loparite-(Ce) The Canadian Mineralogist 38 145-1522000Lovozero complex, Russia0293
0005641Loparite-(Ce)Mitchell R H, Burns P C, Chakhmouradian A R (2000) The crystal structures of loparite-(Ce) The Canadian Mineralogist 38 145-1522000Bearpaw Mountains, Montana, USA0293
0017915Loparite-(Ce)Gaertner H (1930) Die Kristallstrukturen von Loparit und Pyrochlor _cod_database_code 1011000 Neues Jahrbuch fur Mineralogie, Geologie und Palaeontologie. Beilage 61 1-3019300293
CIF Raw Data - click here to close

Geological EnvironmentHide

Paragenetic Mode(s):

Type Occurrence of Loparite-(Ce)Hide

General Appearance of Type Material:
As cubic or octahedral crystals, to 2 cm, which may be highly modified; overgrowing perovskite and massive
Place of Conservation of Type Material:
A.E. Fersman Mineralogical Museum, Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia, 21043–21045.
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Synonyms of Loparite-(Ce)Hide

Other Language Names for Loparite-(Ce)Hide

Varieties of Loparite-(Ce)Hide

NiobolopariteA variety of Loparite containing Niobium.

Relationship of Loparite-(Ce) to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
BarioperovskiteBaTiO3Orth. mm2 : Amm2
GoldschmidtiteKNbO3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pm3m
Isolueshite(Na,La)NbO3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pm3m
LakargiiteCa(Zr,Sn,Ti)O3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
LueshiteNaNbO3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
MacedonitePbTiO3Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nmm
MegawiteCaSnO3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pban
PerovskiteCaTiO3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
TausoniteSrTiO3Iso. 4 3m

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
5 photos of Loparite-(Ce) associated with AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
4 photos of Loparite-(Ce) associated with TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
2 photos of Loparite-(Ce) associated with EudialyteNa15Ca6Fe3Zr3Si(Si25O73)(O,OH,H2O)3(Cl,OH)2
2 photos of Loparite-(Ce) associated with AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
2 photos of Loparite-(Ce) associated with KyanoxaliteNa7(Al6-xSi6+xO24)(C2O4)0.5+x · 5H2O (0 < x < 0.5)
1 photo of Loparite-(Ce) associated with ParakeldyshiteNa2ZrSi2O7
1 photo of Loparite-(Ce) associated with Kentbrooksite(Na,REE)15(Ca,REE)6(Mn2+,Fe2+)3Zr3Nb[Si25O74]F2 · 2H2O
1 photo of Loparite-(Ce) associated with LorenzeniteNa2Ti2(Si2O6)O3

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

4.CC.AllendeiteSc4Zr3O12Trig. 3 : R3
4.CC.BitikleiteCa3SbSn(AlO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
4.CC.Yttriaite-(Y)Y2O3Iso.
4.CC.Anzaite-(Ce)Ce3+ 4Fe2+Ti6O18 (OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
4.CC.05ChrombismiteBi3+16Cr6+O27Tet.
4.CC.10FreudenbergiteNa2(Ti,Fe)8O16Mon.
4.CC.15GrossiteCaAl4O7Mon. 2/m : B2/b
4.CC.20ChlormayeniteCa12Al14O32[◻4Cl2]Iso. 4 3m : I4 3d
4.CC.25YafsoaniteCa3Te6+2(ZnO4)3Iso. m3 (2/m 3)
4.CC.30LatrappiteCa2NbFe3+O6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
4.CC.30LueshiteNaNbO3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
4.CC.30NatroniobiteNaNbO3Mon.
4.CC.30PerovskiteCaTiO3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
4.CC.30BarioperovskiteBaTiO3Orth. mm2 : Amm2
4.CC.30LakargiiteCa(Zr,Sn,Ti)O3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
4.CC.30MegawiteCaSnO3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pban
4.CC.35MacedonitePbTiO3Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nmm
4.CC.35TausoniteSrTiO3Iso. 4 3m
4.CC.35Isolueshite(Na,La)NbO3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pm3m
4.CC.40CrichtoniteSr(Mn,Y,U)Fe2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38Trig. 3 : R3
4.CC.40Davidite-(Ce)Ce(Y,U)Fe2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH,F)38Trig. 3 : R3
4.CC.40Davidite-(La)La(Y,U)Fe2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH,F)38Trig.
4.CC.40Davidite-(Y)(La,Ce,Na,Ca,Pb)(Y,Fe2+,◻)(Fe2+,Mn2+)2(Ti,Fe3+,Nb,Zr)18O38 (hypothetical)Trig.
4.CC.40LandauiteNaMnZn2(Ti,Fe)6Ti12O38Trig. 3 : R3
4.CC.40Lindsleyite(Ba,Sr)(Zr,Ca)(Fe,Mg)2(Ti,Cr,Fe)18O38Trig.
4.CC.40Loveringite(Ca,Ce,La)(Zr,Fe)(Mg,Fe)2(Ti,Fe,Cr,Al)18O38Trig.
4.CC.40Mathiasite(K, Ba, Sr)(Zr, Fe)(Mg,Fe)2 (Ti,Cr,Fe)18O38Trig.
4.CC.40SenaitePb(Mn,Y,U)(Fe,Zn)2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38Trig.
4.CC.40Dessauite-(Y)(Sr,Pb)(Y,U)(Ti,Fe3+)20O38Trig. 3 : R3
4.CC.40Cleusonite(Pb,Sr)(U4+,U6+)(Fe2+,Zn)2(Ti,Fe2+,Fe3+)18(O,OH)38Trig. 3 : R3
4.CC.40Gramaccioliite-(Y)(Pb,Sr)(Y,Mn)Fe3+2(Ti,Fe3+)18O38Trig. 3
4.CC.45DiaoyudaoiteNaAl11O17Hex.
4.CC.45HawthorneiteBaMgTi3Cr4Fe2+2Fe3+2O19Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
4.CC.45HiboniteCaAl12O19Hex.
4.CC.45LindqvistitePb2Mn2+Fe16O27Hex.
4.CC.45Magnetoplumbite(Pb,Mn)(Fe,Mn)12O19Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
4.CC.45PlumboferritePb2(Fe3+,Mn2+,Mg)11O19Trig. 3 2 : P3 1 2
4.CC.45YimengiteK(Cr,Ti,Fe,Mg)12O19Hex.
4.CC.45HaggertyiteBaFe2+4Fe3+2Ti5MgO19Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
4.CC.45NežilovitePbZn2Mn4+2Fe3+8O19Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
4.CC.45BatiferriteBaTi2Fe3+8Fe2+2O19Hex.
4.CC.45Hibonite-(Fe)FeAl12O19Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
4.CC.45BarioferriteBaFe3+12O19Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
4.CC.50Jeppeite(K,Ba)2(Ti,Fe)6O13Mon.
4.CC.55ZenzénitePb3Fe4Mn3O15Hex.
4.CC.60Mengxianminite (of Huang et al.)(Ca,Na)3(Fe,Mn)2Mg2(Sn,Zn)5Al8O29

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

4.3.3.1PerovskiteCaTiO3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
4.3.3.2LatrappiteCa2NbFe3+O6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
4.3.3.4LueshiteNaNbO3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
4.3.3.4BarioperovskiteBaTiO3Orth. mm2 : Amm2
4.3.3.5TausoniteSrTiO3Iso. 4 3m

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

18.2.1Fergusonite-(Y)YNbO4Tet. 4/m : I41/a
18.2.2Fergusonite-(Y)-βYNbO4Mon. 2/m
18.2.3Fergusonite-(Ce)CeNbO4 · 0.3H2O
18.2.4Fergusonite-(Ce)-βCeNbO4
18.2.5Fergusonite-(Nd)NdNbO4
18.2.6Fergusonite-(Nd)-β(Nd,Ce)NbO4
18.2.7Formanite-(Y)YTaO4Tet. 4/m : I41/a
18.2.8Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
18.2.9Ceriopyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
18.2.10Strontiopyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
18.2.12Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbcn
18.2.13Aeschynite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmna
18.2.14Aeschynite-(Nd)(Nd,Ln,Ca)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
18.2.15Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmna
18.2.16Nioboaeschynite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)(Nb,Ti)2(O,OH)6Orth.
18.2.17Nioboaeschynite-(Nd)(Nd,Ce,Ca,Th)(Nb,Ti,Fe,Ta)2(O,OH)6Orth.
18.2.18Tantalaeschynite-(Y)Y(Ta,Ti,Nb)2O6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
18.2.19Vigezzite(Ca,Ce)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
18.2.20Murataite-(Y)(Y,Na)6Zn(Zn,Fe3+)4(Ti,Nb,Na)12O29(O,F,OH)10F4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Loparite-(Ce)Hide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Ramsay, W. (1890) Petrographische Bescreibung der Gesteine des Lujavr-urt. Fennia: 3 (7): 1-52. [As "new mineral No.1"]
Fersmann (1922) Comptes rendus de l'Académie des sciences de Russie: 59.
Fersman, A. E. (1926) Minerals of the Kola Peninsula. American Mineralogist: 11: 289-299.
American Mineralogist (1927) 12: 97.
Izvestiya Geologicheskogo Komiteta 44: 663-682.
Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 734 (name).
Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR 140: 1407-1410.
Tolok, A. A., Bazhenova, F. V. (1965) Loparite — a new accessory mineral in nepheline syenites of the Sikhote-Alin´. Zapiski Vsesoyuznogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva: 94 (2): 217-219
Canadian Mineralogist (1996) 34: 977.
Chakhmouradian, A.R. and Mitchell, R.H. (1998) Compositional variation of perovskite-group minerals from the Khibina complex, Kola peninsula, Russia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 36, 953-969.
Canadian Mineralogist (2000) 38: 145-152.
Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology (1983) 84: 365.

Internet Links for Loparite-(Ce)Hide

Localities for Loparite-(Ce)Hide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Angola
 
  • Huambo Province
    • Londuimbali
Amores-Casals, S.; Gonçalves, A.O.; Melgarejo, J.-C.; Molist, J.M. (2020) Nb and REE Distribution in the Monte Verde Carbonatite–Alkaline–Agpaitic Complex (Angola). Minerals 10, 5.
Brazil
 
  • Minas Gerais
    • Serra do Salitre
Haggerty, S. E., & Mariano, A. N. (1983). Strontian-loparite and strontio-chevkinite: Two new minerals in rheomorphic fenites from the Parana Basin carbonatites, South America. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 84(4), 365-381.
Canada
 
  • Newfoundland and Labrador
    • Labrador
      • Seal Lake alkaline complex (Letitia Lake)
GSC locality database; GSC database locality No. 4100
  • Ontario
    • Thunder Bay District
      • Killala Lake Area
The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 44, pp. 929-942 (2006)
  • Québec
    • Montérégie
      • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
        • Mont Saint-Hilaire
CHAKHMOURADIAN, A.R., HALDEN, N.M., MITCHELL, R.H., and HORVÁTH, L. (2007) Rb-Cs-rich rasvumite and sector-zoned “loparite-(Ce)” from the Mont Saint-Hilaire (Québec, Canada) and their petrologic significance. European Journal of Mineralogy, 19, 533-546.
    • Nord-du-Québec
Nadeau, O., Stevenson, R., & Jébrak, M. (2016) Evolution ofMontviel alkaline-carbonatite complex by coupled fractional crystallization, fluid mixing and metasomatism — Part II: Trace element and Sm–Nd isotope geochemistry ofmetasomatic rocks: implications for REE-Nb mineralization. Ore Geology Reviews, 72, 1163-1162.
Cape Verde
Kogarko, L. N., Sorokhtina, N. V., Zaitsev, V. A., & Senin, V. G. (2009). Rare metal mineralization of calcite carbonatites from the Cape Verde Archipelago. Geochemistry International, 47(6), 531-549.
China
 
  • Inner Mongolia
    • Baotou City (Baotou Prefecture)
      • Bayan Obo mining district
        • Bayan Obo
          • Bayan Obo deposit (Bayun-Obo deposit; Baiyunebo deposit)
Zhang Peishan, Yang Zhuming, Tao Kejie, and Yang Xueming (1996): "Mineralogy and Geology of Rare Earths in China", Science Press (Beijing), 226 pp.
  • Liaoning
    • Dandong
      • Kuandian County
        • Saima complex
Saima Deposit Research Group, Beijing Institute of Uranium Geology (1978): Scientia Sinica 11(3), 365-389
Egypt
 
  • Red Sea
    • Eastern Desert
Gehad M. Saleh (2007) Rare-Metal Pegmatites from the Southeastern Desert, Egypt: Geology, Geochemistry, and Petrogenesis. International Geology Review Vol. 49:824-843.
Greenland
 
  • Sermersooq
    • Kangerlussuaq Fjord
Distribution and mineralogy of rare earth element–Zr–Nb–Ta mineralisation within pegmatite sheets at Citadellet, Kangerdlugssuaq alkaline intrusion, East Greenland. in Abdurrahman, A., J. C. Ø. Andersen, and B. J. Williamson. "Meeting of the Geological Society’s Mineral Deposits Studies Group was held on the 2nd–4th January 2013 at the University of Leicester, UK." Applied Earth Science (Trans. Inst. Min. Metall. B) 121.4 (2012): 212.
MinRec 16:485-494; Campbell, L. S., Henderson, P., Wall, F. & Nielsen, T.F.D. (1997) Rare earth chemistry of perovskite group minerals from the Gardiner Complex, East Greenland. Mineralogical Magazine. 61: 197-212
Norway
 
  • Vestfold
    • Larvik
      • Hedrum
        • Lågendalen
Sæbø, P.C. (1965): Contributions to the mineralogy of Norway. 1: The first occurrence of the rare mineral barylite, Be2BaSi2O7, in Norway. 2: Note on a new occurrence of chrysoberyl in Norway. 3: The first occurence of ramsayite, Na2Ti2Si2O9, in Norway. 38pp. Unpublished thesis, University of Oslo ; Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p.
Svein A. Berge collection/observation 1988.
        • Lysebo
Svein A. Berge collection/observation 1992.
Svein A. Berge collection/observation 1992.ne
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p.
      • Kvelde
Svein A. Berge collection/observation 1992.
  • Vestfold og Telemark
    • Nome
      • Søve Mines
Dahlgren, S. (2005): Miljøgeologisk undersøkelse av lavradioaktivt slagg fra ferroniobproduksjonen ved Norsk Bergverk på Søve 1956-1965. Regiongeologen for Buskerud, Telemark og Vestfold, Rapport nt 1, 2005. 19-28.
    • Porsgrunn
      • Bjørkedalen
Segalstad, T. V. & Larsen, A. O. (1978): Gadolinite-(Ce) from Skien, southwestern Oslo Region, Norway. American Mineralogist 63, 188-195
Paraguay
 
  • Amambay Department
Haggerty, S. E., & Mariano, A. N. (1983). Strontian-loparite and strontio-chevkinite: Two new minerals in rheomorphic fenites from the Parana Basin carbonatites, South America. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 84(4), 365-381.
Haggerty, S. E., & Mariano, A. N. (1983). Strontian-loparite and strontio-chevkinite: Two new minerals in rheomorphic fenites from the Parana Basin carbonatites, South America. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 84(4), 365-381.
Romania
 
  • Harghita
Hirtopanu, P. (2006). One hundred minerals for one hundred years (dedicated to the Centennial of the Geological Institute of Romania). In 3rd Conference on Mineral Sciences in the Carpathians, Miskolc Hungary. Acta Mineralogica–Petrographica, Abstract series (Vol. 5, p. 86).
Szakáll, S. & Kristály, F., Eds. (2010): Mineralogy of Székelyland, Eastern Transylvania, Romania. Csík County Nature and Conservation Society, Miercurea-Ciuc, Romania, 321 pp.
Russia
 
  • Buryatia
    • Mama River Basin
      • Maigunda River
[MinRec 32:42]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Vladykin, N. V., & Sotnikova, I. A. (2017). Petrology, geochemistry and source characteristics of the Burpala alkaline massif, North Baikal. Geoscience Frontiers, 8(4), 711-719.
  • Krasnoyarsk Krai
    • Enisei Range (Yenisei Ridge; Enisei Ridge)
Seltmann, R., Soloviev, S., Shatov, V., Pirajno, F., Naumov, E., & Cherkasov, S. (2010). Metallogeny of Siberia: tectonic, geologic and metallogenic settings of selected significant deposits*. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 57(6), 655-706
  • Murmansk Oblast
Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (1999): Calcite–amphibole–clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. I. Oxide minerals. - Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.37,pp. 177-198.
www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
Mitchell, R.H., Chakhmouradian, A.R. and Yakovenchuk, V.N. (1996): "Nioboloparite"; a re-investigation and descreditation. Canadian Mineralogist. 34,991-999
Konopleva, N.G., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 720-731.
        • Astrophyllite Stream
Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58)
Barkov, A. Y., Fleet, M. E., Martin, R. F., & Men'Shikov, Y. P. (2006). Sr-Na-REE titanates of the crichtonite group from a fenitized megaxenolith, Khibina alkaline complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia: first occurrence and implications. European journal of mineralogy, 18(4), 493-502.
Azarova, Y. V., Shlyukova, Z. V., Zolotarev Jr, A. A., & Organova, N. I. (2009). Burovaite-Ca,(Na, K) 4Ca2 (Ti, Nb) 8 [Si4O12] 4 (OH, O) 8· 12H2O, a new labuntsovite-group mineral species and its place in low-temperature mineral formation in pegmatites of the Khibiny pluton, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Geology of Ore Deposits, 51(8), 774-783.
      • Kihlman Mountain
Pavel M. Kartashov data
PEKOV, I.V. & NIKOLAEV, A.P. (2013) Minerals of the pegmatites and hydrothermal assemblages of the Koashva deposit (Khibiny, Kola Peninsula, Russia). Mineralogical Almanac 189(2), 7-65.
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
        • Marchenko Peak
Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).
Comp. Rend. Acad. Sci.(1922) 59, p59; Izv.Geol.Kom.(1925) 44, 6, 663-682 ; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
http://maurice.strahlen.org/kola/khibiny.htm; Mitchell, R. H., & Chakhmouradian, A. R. (1998). Th-rich loparite from the Khibina alkaline complex, Kola Peninsula: isomorphism and paragenesis. Mineralogical Magazine, 62(3), 341-353.
Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).
Maggie Wilson
Konopleva, N.G., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 720-731.
Mikhailova, Y.A., Konopleva, N.G., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Pakhomovsky, Y.A. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(7), 590-598.
Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).
Pavel's photo
www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/lovo.htm
    • Lovozersky District
Pekov, I. et al (2003): New Data on Minerals: 38: 20-33. ; Yakovenchik, V.N., Ivaniuk, G.Yu., Pakhomovsky, Ya.A., Selivanova, E.A., Men'shikov, Yu.P., Korchak, J.A., Krivovichev, S.V., Spiridonova, D.V., Zalkind, O.A. (2010): Punkaruaivite, Li{Ti2(OH)2[Si4O11(OH)]}•H2O, a new mineral species from hydrothermalites of Khibiny and Lovozero alkaline massifs (Kola Peninsula, Russia). Canadian Mineralogist, 48, 41-50.
Pavel M. Kartashov data
Pavel M. Kartashov data
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
      • Engporr Mountain
Mikhail Uchitel' data
[World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]; Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Ivanyuk, G. Y., & Yakovenchuk, V. N. (2014). Loparite-(Ce) in rocks of the Lovozero layered complex at Mt. Karnasurt and Mt. Kedykvyrpakhk. Geology of Ore Deposits, 56(8), 685-698.
Rastsvetaeva, R.K.; Chukanov, N.V.; Pekov, I.V.; Schäfer, C.; Van, K.V. (2020) New Data on the Isomorphism in Eudialyte-Group Minerals. 1. Crystal Chemistry of Eudialyte-Group Members with Na Incorporated into the Framework as a Marker of Hyperagpaitic Conditions. Minerals 10, 587.
[World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]
      • Seidozero Lake
Semenov E.I. (1972) Mineralogy of Lovozero alkaline massif, - Moscow, Nauka, p. 308
Semenov E.I. (1972) Mineralogy of Lovozero alkaline massif, - Moscow, Nauka, p. 308 (in Rus.)
      • Suoluaiv Mt
Mikhail Uchitel' data
      • Vavnbed Mountain
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
[World of Stones 12:49]
  • Zabaykalsky Krai
Pavel M. Kartashov data
Slovakia
 
  • Košice Region
    • Spišská Nová Ves District
      • Hnilec
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590k
South Africa
 
  • North West
    • Bojanala Platinum District Municipality
Mitchell, R.H., Liferovich, R.P. (2004) Ecandrewsite - zincian pyrophanite from lujavrite, Pilansberg alkaline complex, South Africa. The Canadian Mineralogist: 42: 1169-1178.
Spain
 
  • Canary Islands
    • Santa Cruz de Tenerife Province
      • Tenerife
Ferguson, A.K. (1978): The occurence of Ramseyite, Titan-Lavenite and a fluorine-rich Eucolite in a nepheline-syenite inclusion from Tenerife, Canary Islands, Contrib Mineral Petrol 66, 15-20.
USA
 
  • Arkansas
    • Hot Spring Co.
Rocks and Minerals, (1999) 74:189
  • Montana
    • Hill Co.
      • Bearpaw Mountains
Can Min 38:145-152
    • Meagher Co.
www.cseg.ca/conferences/2000/376.PDF; Chakhmouradian A.R., Mitchell R.H. (2002): The mineralogy of Ba- and Zr-rich alkaline pegmatites from Gordon Butte, Crazy Mountains (Montana, USA): comparisons between potassic and sodic agpaitic pegmatites. Contrib. Mineral. Petrol., 143, 93-114.
Zimbabwe
 
  • Matabeleland South
    • Beitbridge District
Kopylova, M.G., Gurney, J.J., and Daniels, L.R.M. (1997) Mineral inclusions in diamonds from the River Ranch kimberlite, Zimbabwe. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology: 129: 366-384.; Kopylova, M.G., Rickard, R.S., Kleyenstueber, A., Taylor, W.R., Gurney, J.J., and Daniels, L.R.M. (1997) First occurrence of strontian K-Cr loparite and Cr-chevkinite in diamonds. Russian Geol. Geophys.: 38: 405–420 (English translation from Geol. Geofiz.).; Jambor, J.L. and Roberts, A.C. (1998) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 83: 400-403.
 
Mineral and/or Locality  
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