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Loveringite

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John F. Lovering
Formula:
(Ca,Ce,La)(Zr,Fe)(Mg,Fe)2(Ti,Fe,Cr,Al)18O38
Colour:
Black, white in reflected light.
Lustre:
Metallic, Sub-Metallic
Hardness:
5
Specific Gravity:
4.42 (Calculated)
Crystal System:
Trigonal
Name:
Named in 1978 by Bryan M. Gatehouse, Ian E. Grey, Ian H. Campbell, and Patrick Kelly in honor of John Francis Lovering (27 March 1930 – ), Australian geochemist and professor at the University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia, for his work on fission-track methods in geochemistry.
A member of the Crichtonite Group.


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Classification of LoveringiteHide

Approved
First Published:
1978
4.CC.40

4 : OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodates)
C : Metal: Oxygen = 2: 3,3: 5, and similar
C : With large and medium-sized cations
8.5.1.2

8 : MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
5 : AB21O38
7.9.25

7 : Oxides and Hydroxides
9 : Oxides of Ti

Physical Properties of LoveringiteHide

Metallic, Sub-Metallic
Transparency:
Opaque
Colour:
Black, white in reflected light.
Hardness:
Hardness:
VHN100=421 - 464 - Vickers
Hardness Data:
Measured
Density:
4.42 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Chemical Properties of LoveringiteHide

Formula:
(Ca,Ce,La)(Zr,Fe)(Mg,Fe)2(Ti,Fe,Cr,Al)18O38

Crystallography of LoveringiteHide

Crystal System:
Trigonal
Cell Parameters:
a = 10.33 Å, c = 20.67 Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 2.001
Unit Cell V:
1,910.17 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Morphology:
Anhedral to acicular crystals.

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
3.384 (87)
3.037 (93)
2.129 (68)
1.791 (71)
1.589 (92)
1.433 (100)

Type Occurrence of LoveringiteHide

Synonyms of LoveringiteHide

Other Language Names for LoveringiteHide

German:Loveringit
Simplified Chinese:钛铈钙矿
Spanish:Loveringita

Relationship of Loveringite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
AlmeidaitePbZn2(Mn,Y)(Ti,Fe3+)18O37(OH,O)Trig. 3 : R3
Cleusonite(Pb,Sr)(U4+,U6+)(Fe2+,Zn)2(Ti,Fe2+,Fe3+)18(O,OH)38Trig. 3 : R3
CrichtoniteSr(Mn,Y,U)Fe2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38Trig. 3 : R3
Davidite-(Ce)(Ce,La)(Y,U,Fe)(Ti,Fe)20(O,OH)38Trig. 3 : R3
Davidite-(La)(La,Ce)(Y,U,Fe)(Ti,Fe)20(O,OH)38Trig.
Davidite-(Y)(La,Ce,Na,Ca,Pb)(Y,Fe2+,◻)(Fe2+,Mn2+)2(Ti,Fe3+,Nb,Zr)18O38 (hypothetical)Trig.
Dessauite-(Y)(Sr,Pb)(Y,U)(Ti,Fe3+)20O38Trig. 3 : R3
Gramaccioliite-(Y)(Pb,Sr)(Y,Mn)Fe3+2(Ti,Fe3+)18O38Trig. 3
LandauiteNaMnZn2(Ti,Fe)6Ti12O38Trig. 3 : R3
Lindsleyite(Ba,Sr)(Zr,Ca)(Fe,Mg)2(Ti,Cr,Fe)18O38Trig.
Mapiquiroite(Sr,Pb)(U,Y)Fe2(Ti,Fe3+,Cr3+)18O38Trig. 3 : R3
Mathiasite(K, Ba, Sr)(Zr, Fe)(Mg,Fe)2 (Ti,Cr,Fe)18O38Trig.
Mianningite(◻,Pb,Ce,Na)(U4+,Mn,U6+)Fe3+2 (Ti,Fe3+)18O38Trig. 3 : R3
PaseroitePbMn2+(Mn2+,Fe3+)2(V5+,Ti,◻)18O38 Trig. 3 : R3
SenaitePb(Mn,Y,U)(Fe,Zn)2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38Trig.
UM1987-03-O:FePbTiU~(U,Pb)(Ti,Fe3+,Fe2+,Mn)21O38Trig. 3 : R3
Unnamed (HBU UK-4)NaFe2+Zn2(Ti,Fe3+,Nb)6Ti12O38Trig. 3 : R3

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Davidite-(La)1 photo of Loveringite associated with Davidite-(La) on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

4.CC.AllendeiteSc4Zr3O12Trig. 3 : R3
4.CC.Yttriaite-(Y)Y2O3Iso.
4.CC.05ChrombismiteBi16CrO27Tet.
4.CC.10FreudenbergiteNa2(Ti,Fe)8O16Mon.
4.CC.15GrossiteCaAl4O7Mon. 2/m : B2/b
4.CC.20ChlormayeniteCa12Al14O32[◻4Cl2]Iso. 4 3m : I4 3d
4.CC.25YafsoaniteCa3Zn3(TeO6)2Iso. m3 (2/m 3)
4.CC.30LatrappiteCa2NbFe3+O6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
4.CC.30LueshiteNaNbO3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
4.CC.30NatroniobiteNaNbO3Mon.
4.CC.30PerovskiteCaTiO3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
4.CC.30BarioperovskiteBaTiO3Orth. mm2 : Amm2
4.CC.30LakargiiteCa(Zr,Sn,Ti)O3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
4.CC.30MegawiteCaSnO3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pban
4.CC.35Loparite-(Ce)(Na,REE)Ti2O6
4.CC.35MacedonitePbTiO3Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nmm
4.CC.35TausoniteSrTiO3Iso. 4 3m
4.CC.35Isolueshite(Na,La)NbO3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pm3m
4.CC.40CrichtoniteSr(Mn,Y,U)Fe2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38Trig. 3 : R3
4.CC.40Davidite-(Ce)(Ce,La)(Y,U,Fe)(Ti,Fe)20(O,OH)38Trig. 3 : R3
4.CC.40Davidite-(La)(La,Ce)(Y,U,Fe)(Ti,Fe)20(O,OH)38Trig.
4.CC.40Davidite-(Y)(La,Ce,Na,Ca,Pb)(Y,Fe2+,◻)(Fe2+,Mn2+)2(Ti,Fe3+,Nb,Zr)18O38 (hypothetical)Trig.
4.CC.40LandauiteNaMnZn2(Ti,Fe)6Ti12O38Trig. 3 : R3
4.CC.40Lindsleyite(Ba,Sr)(Zr,Ca)(Fe,Mg)2(Ti,Cr,Fe)18O38Trig.
4.CC.40Mathiasite(K, Ba, Sr)(Zr, Fe)(Mg,Fe)2 (Ti,Cr,Fe)18O38Trig.
4.CC.40SenaitePb(Mn,Y,U)(Fe,Zn)2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38Trig.
4.CC.40Dessauite-(Y)(Sr,Pb)(Y,U)(Ti,Fe3+)20O38Trig. 3 : R3
4.CC.40Cleusonite(Pb,Sr)(U4+,U6+)(Fe2+,Zn)2(Ti,Fe2+,Fe3+)18(O,OH)38Trig. 3 : R3
4.CC.40Gramaccioliite-(Y)(Pb,Sr)(Y,Mn)Fe3+2(Ti,Fe3+)18O38Trig. 3
4.CC.45DiaoyudaoiteNaAl11O17Hex.
4.CC.45HawthorneiteBaMgTi3Cr4Fe2+2Fe3+2O19Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
4.CC.45Hibonite(Ca,Ce)(Al,Ti,Mg)12O19Hex.
4.CC.45LindqvistitePb2Mn2+Fe16O27Hex.
4.CC.45Magnetoplumbite(Pb,Mn)(Fe,Mn)12O19Hex.
4.CC.45PlumboferritePb2(Fe3+,Mn2+,Mg)11O19Trig. 3 2
4.CC.45YimengiteK(Cr,Ti,Fe,Mg)12O19Hex.
4.CC.45HaggertyiteBaFe2+4Fe3+2Ti5MgO19Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
4.CC.45NežilovitePbZn2Mn4+2Fe3+8O19Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
4.CC.45BatiferriteBaTi2Fe3+8Fe2+2O19Hex.
4.CC.45Hibonite-(Fe)(Fe,Mg)Al12O19Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
4.CC.45BarioferriteBaFe3+12O19Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
4.CC.50Jeppeite(K,Ba)2(Ti,Fe)6O13Mon.
4.CC.55ZenzénitePb3Fe4Mn3O15Hex.
4.CC.60Mengxianminite (of Huang et al.)(Ca,Na)3(Fe,Mn)2Mg2(Sn,Zn)5Al8O29

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

8.5.1.1LandauiteNaMnZn2(Ti,Fe)6Ti12O38Trig. 3 : R3
8.5.1.3CrichtoniteSr(Mn,Y,U)Fe2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38Trig. 3 : R3
8.5.1.4SenaitePb(Mn,Y,U)(Fe,Zn)2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38Trig.
8.5.1.5Davidite-(La)(La,Ce)(Y,U,Fe)(Ti,Fe)20(O,OH)38Trig.
8.5.1.6Davidite-(Ce)(Ce,La)(Y,U,Fe)(Ti,Fe)20(O,OH)38Trig. 3 : R3
8.5.1.7Mathiasite(K, Ba, Sr)(Zr, Fe)(Mg,Fe)2 (Ti,Cr,Fe)18O38Trig.
8.5.1.8Lindsleyite(Ba,Sr)(Zr,Ca)(Fe,Mg)2(Ti,Cr,Fe)18O38Trig.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

7.9.1HongquiiteTiO
7.9.2RutileTiO2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P42/mnm
7.9.3AnataseTiO2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
7.9.4BrookiteTiO2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
7.9.5GeikieliteMgTiO3Trig. 3 : R3
7.9.6PerovskiteCaTiO3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
7.9.7KassiteCaTi2O4(OH)2Orth.
7.9.8TausoniteSrTiO3Iso. 4 3m
7.9.9CrichtoniteSr(Mn,Y,U)Fe2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38Trig. 3 : R3
7.9.10Lucasite-(Ce)CeTi2(O,OH)6Mon.
7.9.11Hibonite(Ca,Ce)(Al,Ti,Mg)12O19Hex.
7.9.12Yttrocrasite-(Y)(Y,Th,Ca,U)(Ti,Fe)2(O,OH)6Amor.
7.9.13PyrophaniteMn2+TiO3Trig. 3 : R3
7.9.14IwakiiteMn2+Fe3+2O4Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
7.9.15IlmeniteFe2+TiO3Trig. 3 : R3
7.9.16PseudobrookiteFe2TiO5Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
7.9.17UlvöspinelFe2TiO4Iso.
7.9.18PseudorutileFe2Ti3O9Hex.
7.9.19FreudenbergiteNa2(Ti,Fe)8O16Mon.
7.9.20KennedyiteFe2TiO5
7.9.21Armalcolite(Mg,Fe2+)Ti2O5Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
7.9.22Högbomite(Mg,Fe)2(Al,Ti)5O10Hex.
7.9.23Qandilite(Mg,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+,Al)O4
7.9.24CafetiteCaTi2O5 · H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.9.26Lindsleyite(Ba,Sr)(Zr,Ca)(Fe,Mg)2(Ti,Cr,Fe)18O38Trig.
7.9.27PrideriteK(Ti4+7Fe3+)O16Tet.
7.9.28Jeppeite(K,Ba)2(Ti,Fe)6O13Mon.
7.9.29AnkangiteBa(Ti,V3+,Cr)8O16Tet. 4/m : I4/m
7.9.30Ecandrewsite(Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)TiO3Trig. 3 : R3
7.9.31LandauiteNaMnZn2(Ti,Fe)6Ti12O38Trig. 3 : R3

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for LoveringiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Gatehouse, B.M., Grey, I.E., Campbell I.H., Kelly, P. (1978) The crystal structure of loveringite - a new member of the crichtonite group. American Mineralogist: 63: 28-36.
Kelly, P.R., Campbell, I.H., Grey I.E., Gatehouse, B.M. (1979) Additional data on loveringite (Ca,REE)(Ti,Fe,Cr)21038 and mohsite discredited. Canadian Mineralogist: 17: 635-638.
Dunn, P.J., Fleischer, M., Burns, R.G., Pabst, A. (1983) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 68: 474.

Internet Links for LoveringiteHide

Localities for LoveringiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Algeria
 
  • Tamanghasset Province
    • Ahaggar Mtn (Hoggar Mtn)
      • Laouni
J.P. Lorand and J.Y. Cottin, Bull. Minéral. , 1987, 110, pp. 373-378.
Australia (TL)
 
  • Western Australia
    • Dundas Shire
      • Norseman
[Nickel & Nichols, 1991 - ; AM 1978, 28-36; I. H. Campbell and P. R. Kelly (1978) The Geochemistry of Loveringite, a Uranium-Rare-Earth-Bearing Accessory Phase from the Jimberlana Intrusion of Western Australia. Mineralogical Magazine 42:187-193.
Austria
 
  • Salzburg
    • Hohe Tauern
      • Rauris valley
        • Hüttwinkl valley
Lapis 2003(1), 48; BRANDSTÄTTER, F. & NIEDERMAYR, G. (2008): 1539. Cleusonit (ehemals „Senait“) aus den „Gneisplatten“-Brüchen in der Rauris und von der „Pramleiten“, südlich Schellgaden im Lungau – eine Richtigstellung. In: G. Niedermayr, C. Bauer, F. Bernhard, G. Blass, H.-P. Bojar, F. Brandstätter, J. Gröbner, V. M. F. Hammer, G. Koch, U. Kolitsch, B. Leikauf, C. Loránth, R. Poeverlein, W. Postl, H. Prasnik, T. Schachinger, P. Tomazic & F. Walter, Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LVII, Carinthia II, 198/118, 248-249.
Finland
 
  • Lapland Region
    • Sodankylä
Mutanen, T. 1997. Geology and ore petrology of the Akanvaara and Koitelainen mafic layered intrusions and the Keivitsa-Satovaara layered complex, northern Finland. Geological Survey of Finland, Bulletin 395, 233 s.
  • Northern Finland Region
    • Pudasjärvi
Karinen, Tuomo 2010. The Koillismaa intrusion northeasten Finland - evidence for PGE reef forming processes in the layered series. Geological Survey of Finland Bulletin 404
French Southern and Antarctic Lands
 
Contrib. Mineral. Petrol., 122, 174-190 (1995)
Italy
 
  • Liguria
    • Genova Province
Canadian Mineralogist 35, 899-908 (1997)
Norway
 
  • Finnmark
    • Kautokeino
Olerud.S (1988) Davidite-loveringite in early Proterozoic albite felsite in Finnmark, north Norway. Mineral Mag 52:400-402
Russia
 
  • Northern Region
    • Murmanskaya Oblast'
      • Khibiny Massif
http://maurice.strahlen.org/kola/khibiny.htm
Zimbabwe
 
  • Masvingo
    • Chiredzi Mining District (Hartley Mining District)
      • Chiredzi
Stribrny, B., Wellmer, F.-W., Burgath, K.-P., Oberthür, T., Tarkian, M., and Pfeiffer, T. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 260-281.; Oberthür, T., Weiser, T. W., Gast, L., & Kojonen, K. (2003). Geochemistry and mineralogy of platinum-group elements at Hartley Platinum Mine, Zimbabwe. Mineralium Deposita, 38(3), 327-343.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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