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Luanheite

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Formula:
Ag3Hg
Colour:
White
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
Specific Gravity:
12.5
Crystal System:
Hexagonal
Name:
For the type locality
This page provides mineralogical data about Luanheite.


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Classification of LuanheiteHide

Approved
1.AD.15b

1 : ELEMENTS (Metals and intermetallic alloys; metalloids and nonmetals; carbides, silicides, nitrides, phosphides)
A : Metals and Intermetallic Alloys
D : Mercury-amalgam family
Dana 7th ed.:
1.1.11.4
1.1.8.4

1 : NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
1 : Metals, other than the Platinum Group
1.18

1 : Elements and Alloys (including the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au)

Physical Properties of LuanheiteHide

Metallic
Transparency:
Opaque
Colour:
White
Hardness:
2½ on Mohs scale
Hardness:
VHN100=44 - 75 - Vickers
Density:
12.5 g/cm3 (Measured)    

Optical Data of LuanheiteHide

Type:
Anisotropic
Anisotropism:
weak
Colour in reflected light:
white
Pleochroism:
Weak
Comments:
slight reflection pleochroism from pinkish parallel to the elongation to milky white normal to it.

Chemical Properties of LuanheiteHide

Formula:
Ag3Hg
Common Impurities:
Co,Cu,Te

Crystallography of LuanheiteHide

Crystal System:
Hexagonal
Cell Parameters:
a = 6.61 Å, c = 10.98 Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 1.661
Unit Cell V:
415.47 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
6

Type Occurrence of LuanheiteHide

General Appearance of Type Material:
irregular spherical aggregate with a thin black coat-film
Place of Conservation of Type Material:
National Geological Museum, the Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, Beijing, China.
Geological Setting of Type Material:
Gold placer deposit
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Synonyms of LuanheiteHide

Other Language Names for LuanheiteHide

German:Luanheit
Simplified Chinese:滦河矿
Spanish:Luanheita
Traditional Chinese:灤河礦

Relationship of Luanheite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
EugeniteAg11Hg2Iso.
ParaschachneriteAg3Hg2Orth.
SchachneriteAg1.1Hg0.9Hex.

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Eugenite4 photos of Luanheite associated with Eugenite on mindat.org.
Silver1 photo of Luanheite associated with Silver on mindat.org.
Connellite1 photo of Luanheite associated with Connellite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

1.AD.05MercuryHgTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
1.AD.10BelendorffiteCu7Hg6Trig.
1.AD.10KolymiteCu7Hg6Iso.
1.AD.15cEugeniteAg11Hg2Iso.
1.AD.15dMoschellandsbergiteAg2Hg3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m)
1.AD.15aParaschachneriteAg3Hg2Orth.
1.AD.15aSchachneriteAg1.1Hg0.9Hex.
1.AD.20aWeishanite(Au,Ag)3Hg2Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.AD.20bGoldamalgam (of Chen et al.)(Au,Ag)HgIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Im3m
1.AD.25PotaritePdHgTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/mmm
1.AD.30LeadamalgamPb0.7Hg0.3Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I4/mmm

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

1.1.8.1MoschellandsbergiteAg2Hg3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m)
1.1.8.2SchachneriteAg1.1Hg0.9Hex.
1.1.8.3ParaschachneriteAg3Hg2Orth.
1.1.8.5EugeniteAg11Hg2Iso.
1.1.8.6Weishanite(Au,Ag)3Hg2Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

1.1CopperCuIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.2SilverAgIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.5GoldAuIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.6AuricuprideCu3AuOrth.
1.7Tetra-auricuprideAuCuTet.
1.8ZincZnHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.9CadmiumCdHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.10DanbaiteCuZn2Iso.
1.11ZhanghengiteCuZnIso.
1.12MercuryHgTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
1.13KolymiteCu7Hg6Iso.
1.14MoschellandsbergiteAg2Hg3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m)
1.15EugeniteAg11Hg2Iso.
1.16SchachneriteAg1.1Hg0.9Hex.
1.17ParaschachneriteAg3Hg2Orth.
1.19Weishanite(Au,Ag)3Hg2Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.20IndiumInTet.
1.21AluminiumAlIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.22Khatyrkite(Cu,Zn)Al2Tet.
1.23Cupalite(Cu,Zn)AlOrth.
1.24DiamondCIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
1.25GraphiteCHex. 6mm : P63mc
1.26ChaoiteCHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P6/mmm
1.27LonsdaleiteCHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.28SiliconSi
1.29TinSnTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
1.30LeadPbIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.31AnyuiiteAuPb2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I4/mcm
1.31NovodnepriteAuPb3Tet. 4 2m : I4 2m
1.32LeadamalgamPb0.7Hg0.3Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I4/mmm
1.33ArsenicAsTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
1.34ArsenolampriteAsOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
1.35PaxiteCuAs2Mon.
1.36KoutekiteCu5As2Hex.
1.37DomeykiteCu3AsIso. 4 3m : I4 3d
1.38Algodonite(Cu1-xAsx)Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.39NovákiteCu20AgAs10Mon.
1.40KutinaiteAg6Cu14As7 Iso.
1.41AntimonySbTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
1.42StibarsenAsSbTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
1.43ParadocrasiteSb3AsMon. 2 : B2
1.44HorsforditeCu, Sb
1.45CuprostibiteCu2(Sb,Tl)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nmm
1.46Allargentum(Ag1-xSbx)Hex.
1.47AurostibiteAuSb2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
1.48DyscrasiteAg3SbOrth. mm2 : Pmm2
1.49BismuthBiTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
1.50MaldoniteAu2BiIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
1.51SulphurS8Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Fddd
1.52RosickýiteSMon. 2/m : P2/b
1.53SeleniumSeTrig. 3 2 : P31 2 1
1.54TelluriumTeHex.
1.55ChromiumCrIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Im3m
1.56RheniumReHex.
1.57IronFeIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Im3m
1.58ChromferideFe3Cr1-x (x=0.6)Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pm3m
1.59FerchromideCr3Fe1-xIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pm3m
1.60WairauiteCoFe
1.61NickelNiIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.62Kamacite(Fe,Ni)Iso.
1.63Taenite(Fe,Ni)Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.64TetrataeniteFeNiTet.
1.65AwaruiteNi3FeIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.66Palladium(Pd,Pt)
1.67PotaritePdHgTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/mmm
1.68PaolovitePd2SnOrth.
1.69Stannopalladinite(Pd,Cu)3Sn2Hex.
1.70CabriitePd2CuSnOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmm
1.71Taimyrite(Pd,Cu,Pt)3SnOrth.
1.72Atokite(Pd,Pt)3SnIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.73Rustenburgite(Pt,Pd)3Sn
1.74ZvyagintsevitePd3PbIso.
1.75PlumbopalladinitePd3Pb2Hex.
1.76Osmium(Os,Ir,Ru)Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.77Iridium(Ir,Os,Ru)Iso.
1.82PlatinumPtIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.83HongshiitePtCuTrig.
1.84NiggliitePtSnHex.
1.85IsoferroplatinumPt3FeIso.
1.86TetraferroplatinumPtFeTet.
1.87TulameenitePt2CuFeTet.
1.88FerronickelplatinumPt2FeNiTet.
1.89Rhodium(Rh,Pt)Iso.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for LuanheiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Shao Dianxin, Zhou Jianxiong, Zhang Jianhong, and Bao Daxi (1984): Luanheite - A new mineral. Acta Mineralogica Sinica 4(2), 97-101 (in Chinese with English abstract). - American Mineralogist (1988), 73, 192-193 (abstract).
Baren, M.A. (1996): The Ag-Hg (Silver-Mercury) system. Journal of Phase Equilibria 17, 122–128.

Internet Links for LuanheiteHide

Localities for LuanheiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Argentina
 
  • La Rioja
    • General Lamadrid department
      • Villa Castelli
        • Sierra de Cacho
Paar W H, Topa D, Roberts A C, Criddle A J, Amann G, Sureda R J (2002) The new mineral species brodtkorbite, Cu2HgSe2, and the associated selenide assemblage from Tuminico, Sierra de Cacho, La Rioja, Argentina. The Canadian Mineralogist 40, 225-237
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Robinson Co.
      • Cobar
Leverett, P., McKinnon, A. R., & Williams, P. A. (2005). Supergene geochemistry of the Endeavor ore body, Cobar, NSW, and relationships to other deposits in the Cobar basin. Regolith 2005–Ten Years of CRC LEME, 191-194.
    • Yancowinna Co.
      • Broken Hill
L.Lawrence, A.R.Ramsden & I.T.Graham 1999. On oxidation of Dyscrasite and associated minerals of the Consols Lode, Broken Hill, New South Wales. Australian Journal of Mineralogy Vol.5, No.2, Dec.1999, pp. 63-68
Austria
 
  • Vorarlberg
    • Montafon
Tropper, P., Bechter, D., Zambanini, J., Kaindl, R., Vavtar, F. & Lutz, J. (2011): Montangeschichte, Mineralogie, Geochemie und Petrologie der Kupferlagerstätte Bartholomäberg/Silbertal (Montafon, Vorarlberg). Geo.Alp, 8, 20-44.
Chile
 
  • Atacama Region
    • Copiapó Province
      • Pabellón
        • Elisa de Bordos
The Stratabound Tuff-hosted Elisa de Bordos Silver-Mercury Deposit, Northern Chile; M. Jurgeit & L. Fontbote, in Stratabound Ore Deposits in the Andes, L Fontbote, G.C. Amstutz, M. Cardozo, E. Cedillo, J. Frutos (Editors), Springer-Verlag, Berlin Heidelbe; Cook, R. B. (2002). Connoisseur's Choice: Luanheite: Elisa de Bordos Mine, Northern Chile. Rocks & Minerals, 77(2), 120-122.
China (TL)
 
  • Hebei Province
    • Chengde Prefecture
      • Luan River valley (Luanhe valley)
Shao Dianxin, Zhou Jianxiong, Zhang Jianhong, and Bao Daxi (1984): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 4, 97-101.
Italy
 
  • Sardinia
    • Carbonia-Iglesias Province
      • Gonnesa
Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Tanca, G.A. (1996): Iglesiente - Arburese. Miniere e Minerali. Volume 1 & 2. Nine Italian Mineralogical Groups/Associations, 192 + 239 pp.
      • Iglesias
        • Punta della Torre
Museo di Storia Naturale Aquilegia - Cagliari
Mexico
 
  • Sonora
    • Mun. de Moctezuma
Lapis 2001(1), 11-40
Morocco
 
  • Drâa-Tafilalet Region
    • Ouarzazate Province
      • Djebel Saghro (Jbel Saghro)
        • Imiter District
Barral, J.-P., Favreau, G. and Lheur, C. (2008). La mine d'argent d'Imiter (Maroc) - Géologie, histoire exploitation et description des espèces minérales. Le Cahier des Micromonteurs 3/2008, 1-110. (in French)
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia)
http://www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1G1-84017545.html
  • Southern Siberia
    • Sayan Mts
      • Eastern Sayan
B. B. Damdinov, S. M. Zhmodik, P. A. Roshchektaev, L. B. Damdinova (2016): Composition and genesis of the Konevinsky gold deposit, Eastern Sayan, Russia. Geology of Ore Deposits 58, 134-148.
Slovakia
 
  • Košice Region
    • Košice Co.
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590k
    • Spišská Nová Ves Co.
      • Spišská Nová Ves (Zipser Neuendorf; Zipser Neudorf; Igló)
        • Novoveská Huta
Háber,M., Jeleň,S., Jeleň,M., 1992: Amalgám striebra z Nižnej Slanej a Novoveskej Huty (SGR), Min.Slovaca, 24,1, 45 – 49
Spain
 
  • Andalusia
    • Almería
      • Huércal-Overa
        • Cuesta Alta
          • Cerro Minado Mines
VIÑALS, J., FAVREAU, G., and EYTIER C. & J.-R. (2010): Bobkingite, capgaronnite, juanitaite, gerhardtite, reevesite and other rare minerals from Cerro Minado, Huercal-Overa (Almería). Mineral Up, 4, 3, 6-23 Versions simultaneously published in Catalan (Mineralogistes de Catalunya); in Spanish version (Revista de Minerales).
Sweden
 
  • Västmanland
    • Sala
Holmgren, J. (2002): Sala silvergruva. Hälleflintan (Medlemsblad för Upplands Geologiska Sällskap), UGS, 2002:3
USA
 
  • Michigan
    • Menominee Co.
Quigley, Tom, and Mahin, Bob, 2008, Back Forty Geology and Mineralization: Proceedings of the Institute on Lake Superior Geology, v. 54, Part 2 - Field Trip Guidebook, 66-85.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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