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Anorthoclase

This page kindly sponsored by John Kashuba
Formula:
(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Colour:
white, colourless, greyish pink
Hardness:
6 - 6½
Crystal System:
Triclinic
Member of:
Name:
Named in 1885 by Karl Harry Ferdinand Rosenbusch from the Greek αν, ορθός and κλάσις, meaning "not right cleavage", descriptive of the mineral's cleavage.
Polymorph of:
Feldspar Group.
An alkali feldspar intermediate between low sanidine and high albite.
Occurs in high-temperature sodic volcanic and hypabyssal rocks.

Visit gemdat.org for gemological information about Anorthoclase.


Hide all sections | Show all sections

Classification of AnorthoclaseHide

Discredited
9.FA.30

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
F : Tektosilicates without zeolitic H2O
A : Tektosilicates without additional non-tetrahedral anions
76.1.1.6

76 : TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
1 : Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
16.4.4

16 : Silicates Containing Aluminum and other Metals
4 : Aluminosilicates of Na and K

Physical Properties of AnorthoclaseHide

Colour:
white, colourless, greyish pink
Streak:
white
Hardness:
6 - 6½ on Mohs scale
Cleavage:
Perfect

Optical Data of AnorthoclaseHide

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.519 - 1.529 nβ = 1.524 - 1.534 nγ = 1.527 - 1.536
2V:
Measured: 34° to 60°, Calculated: 64° to 74°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.008
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Low
Dispersion:
r > v

Chemical Properties of AnorthoclaseHide

Formula:
(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Common Impurities:
Fe,Ca

Crystallography of AnorthoclaseHide

Crystal System:
Triclinic
Cell Parameters:
a = 8.28 Å, b = 12.97 Å, c = 7.15 Å
α = 91.05°, β = 116.26°, γ = 90.15°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.638 : 1 : 0.551
Unit Cell V:
688.44 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

First Recorded Occurrence of AnorthoclaseHide

Synonyms of AnorthoclaseHide

Other Language Names for AnorthoclaseHide

Varieties of AnorthoclaseHide

Analbite (of Winchell)Anorthoclase with less than 10% KAlSi3O8
Anorthoclase-SanidineFeldspar Group. An unnecessary name for a variety of Anorthoclase with the tabular habit of sanidine but the optical extinction of Anorthoclase.

Relationship of Anorthoclase to other SpeciesHide

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)Tric. 1
AmazoniteK(AlSi3O8)
Andesine(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]Tric.
AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)Tric. 1 : P1
BanalsiteNa2BaAl4Si4O16Orth.
Buddingtonite(NH4)(AlSi3)O8Mon. 2 : P21
Bytownite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]Tric.
CelsianBa(Al2Si2O8)Mon. 2/m
DmisteinbergiteCa(Al2Si2O8)Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P6/mmm
FilatoviteK(Al,Zn)2(As,Si)2O8Mon. 2/m
HexacelsianBaAl2Si2O8Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mcm
Hyalophane(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]Mon.
KokchetaviteK(AlSi3O8)Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P6/mmm
KumdykoliteNa(AlSi3O8)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
Labradorite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)Tric. 1
Oligoclase(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)Mon. 2/m : B2/m
ParacelsianBa(Al2Si2O8)Mon.
ReedmergneriteNaBSi3O8Tric.
RubiclineRb(AlSi3O8)Tric.
SanidineK(AlSi3O8)Mon. 2/m : B2/m
SlawsoniteSr(Al2Si2O8)Mon.
StronalsiteNa2SrAl4Si4O16Orth.
SunstoneA variety of feldspar (microcline or oligoclase) that has schiller, commonly with an orange/brown background color, ...
SvyatoslaviteCa(Al2Si2O8)Orth.

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Kenyaite7 photos of Anorthoclase associated with Kenyaite on mindat.org.
Augite7 photos of Anorthoclase associated with Augite on mindat.org.
Ilmenite5 photos of Anorthoclase associated with Ilmenite on mindat.org.
Quartz3 photos of Anorthoclase associated with Quartz on mindat.org.
Ferrosilite3 photos of Anorthoclase associated with Ferrosilite on mindat.org.
Aegirine2 photos of Anorthoclase associated with Aegirine on mindat.org.
Moonstone2 photos of Anorthoclase associated with Moonstone on mindat.org.
Clinoenstatite2 photos of Anorthoclase associated with Clinoenstatite on mindat.org.
Apatite2 photos of Anorthoclase associated with Apatite on mindat.org.
Muscovite2 photos of Anorthoclase associated with Muscovite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.FA.05KaliophiliteKAlSiO4Hex.
9.FA.05KalsiliteKAlSiO4Hex. 6 2 2 : P63 2 2
9.FA.05Nepheline(Na,K)AlSiO4Hex. 6 : P63
9.FA.05Panunzite(K,Na)AlSiO4Hex. 6 : P63
9.FA.05Trikalsilite(K,Na)AlSiO4Hex.
9.FA.05Yoshiokaite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)O4]Trig. 3 : P3
9.FA.05MegakalsiliteKAlSiO4Hex.
9.FA.10MalinkoiteNaBSiO4Hex. 6 : P63
9.FA.15VirgiliteLiAlSi2O6Hex. 6 2 2 : P62 2 2
9.FA.25LisitsyniteKBSi2O6Orth. 2 2 2 : P2 2 2
9.FA.30AdulariaKAlSi3O8Mon.
9.FA.30Buddingtonite(NH4)(AlSi3)O8Mon. 2 : P21
9.FA.30CelsianBa(Al2Si2O8)Mon. 2/m
9.FA.30Hyalophane(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]Mon.
9.FA.30MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)Tric. 1
9.FA.30OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.FA.30SanidineK(AlSi3O8)Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.FA.30RubiclineRb(AlSi3O8)Tric.
9.FA.30MonalbiteNaAlSi3O8Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.FA.35AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)Tric. 1
9.FA.35Andesine(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]Tric.
9.FA.35AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)Tric. 1 : P1
9.FA.35Bytownite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]Tric.
9.FA.35Labradorite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
9.FA.35Oligoclase(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
9.FA.35ReedmergneriteNaBSi3O8Tric.
9.FA.40ParacelsianBa(Al2Si2O8)Mon.
9.FA.45SvyatoslaviteCa(Al2Si2O8)Orth.
9.FA.45KumdykoliteNa(AlSi3O8)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
9.FA.50SlawsoniteSr(Al2Si2O8)Mon.
9.FA.55LisetiteCaNa2Al4Si4O16Orth.
9.FA.60BanalsiteNa2BaAl4Si4O16Orth.
9.FA.60StronalsiteNa2SrAl4Si4O16Orth.
9.FA.65DanburiteCaB2Si2O8Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
9.FA.65MaleeviteBaB2Si2O8Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
9.FA.65PekoviteSrB2Si2O8
9.FA.70Lingunite(Na,Ca)AlSi3O8Tet. 4/m : I4/m
9.FA.75KokchetaviteK(AlSi3O8)Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P6/mmm

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

76.1.1.1OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)Mon. 2/m : B2/m
76.1.1.2SanidineK(AlSi3O8)Mon. 2/m : B2/m
76.1.1.3Hyalophane(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]Mon.
76.1.1.4CelsianBa(Al2Si2O8)Mon. 2/m
76.1.1.5MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)Tric. 1

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

16.4.1Nepheline(Na,K)AlSiO4Hex. 6 : P63
16.4.2Panunzite(K,Na)AlSiO4Hex. 6 : P63
16.4.3Trikalsilite(K,Na)AlSiO4Hex.
16.4.5Naujakasite(Na,K)6(Fe2+,Mn2+,Ca)(Al,Fe)4Si8O26Mon. 2/m : B2/m
16.4.6Montesommaite(K,Na)9Al9Si23O64 · 10H2OOrth.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

Anorthoclase in petrologyHide

References for AnorthoclaseHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Carmichael, I.S.E., MacKenzie, W.S. (1964) The lattice parameters of high-temperature triclinic sodic feldspars. Mineralogical Magazine: 33: 949-962.
Harlow, G.E. (1982) The anorthoclase structures: the effects of temperature and composition. American Mineralogist: 67: 975-996.
Kroll, H., Knitter, R. (1991) Al, Si exchange kinetics in sanidine and anorthoclase and modeling of rock cooling paths. American Mineralogist: 76: 928-941.
Gaines, Richard V., H. Catherine W. Skinner, Eugene E. Foord, Brian Mason, Abraham Rosenzweig, Vandall King (1997), Dana's New Mineralogy : The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, 8th. edition.

Internet Links for AnorthoclaseHide

Localities for AnorthoclaseHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Afghanistan
 
  • Panjsher Province (Panjsheer Province; Panjshir Province; Panjsher Valley; Panjshir Valley)
    • Khinj District
Merkel, S., Bräutigam, B., Klein, S., & Hauptmann, A. (2013). The Analysis of Slag from the Panjhır Mining Region, Afghanistan: An Investigation of (Medieval) Silver Production Technology. Archäologische Mitteilungen, 45, 231-250.
Algeria
 
  • Tamanghasset Province
    • Ahaggar Mtn (Hoggar Mtn)
      • Atakor volcanic massif
M. Girod, Bull. Soc. Franç. Minéral. Crist. , 1963, LXXXVI, pp. 121-125.
M. Girod, Bull. Soc. Franç. Minéral. Crist. , 1963, LXXXVI, pp. 121-125.
Angola
 
  • Huíla Province
    • Lubango City Council
Eur. J. Mineral. , 1993, 5, pp. 1001-1024.
Antarctica
 
  • Eastern Antarctica
    • Victoria Land
      • Ross Island
http://tea.rice.edu/jroberts/12.13.1999.html; Dov Bahat (1979) Anorthoclase Megacrysts: Physical Conditions of Formation. Mineralogical Magazine 43:287-291
      • Transantarctic Mts
Goldschmidt Conference Abstracts 2005, Environmental Geochemistry/Mineralogy, http://www.the-conference.com/2005/gold2005/web_pdfs/G07.pdf
Argentina
 
  • Chubut
    • Languiñeo department
      • Piedra Parada
ARAGON, E. et al. Petrogenesis of thundereggs in Eocene rhyolite domes of central Chubut, Patagonia. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2006, vol.61, n.3, pp. 347-354.
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Gowen Co.
      • Warrumbungle National Park
Am Min 75:694-701
    • Nandewar Co.
Dunn, T. L., H. Y. McSween Jr., and P. R. Christensen (2007), Thermal emission spectra of terrestrial alkaline volcanic rocks: Applications to Martian remote sensing, Journal of Geophysical Research,112
    • Vernon Co.
Matthew Goodwin
    • Yungnulgra Co.
      • White Cliffs
Eur. J. Mineral. , 1991, 3, pp. 293-322.
  • Queensland
    • Central Highlands Region
      • Capella
R. Wally Johnson, ‎Jan Knutson, ‎Stuart Ross Taylor - 1989 Intraplate Volcanism: In Eastern Australia and New Zealand. edited by R. Wally Johnson, Jan Knutson, Stuart Ross Taylor, Australian Academy of Science
    • Scenic Rim Region
ROSS, J., ROSS, A., & ROSS, G. (1987). Geology of the Mount Gillies rhyolitic vents, southeastern Queensland, Australia. Current science, 56(11), 589-595.
  • Tasmania
    • Break O'Day municipality
      • Blue Tier district
Bottrill & Baker (in prep) Catalogue of minerals of Tasmania
    • Dorset municipality
      • Waterhouse district
Everard, J.L., Sutherland, F.L. and Zwingmann, H., 2004a. A Cretaceous phonolite dyke from the Tomahawk River, Northeast Tasmania. Papers and Proceedings of the Royal Society of Tasmania 138, 11-33.
    • Huon Valley municipality
      • Huon-Channel region
Bottrill, RS, 1997. The Minerals of the Cygnet District. The Mineralogical Society of Tasmania Newsletter, 25, p.12; Taheri, J., and Bottrill, R. S., 1998, Porphyry and Sedimentary-hosted Gold Deposits near Cygnet: New Styles of Gold Mineralisation in Tasmania: Unpub Rept, Mineral Resources Tasmania. 1999/01
  • Victoria
    • Bass Coast Shire
      • Phillip Island
        • Kitty Miller Bay
    • City of Greater Geelong
      • Anakie
Museum Victoria collection; Dov Bahat (1979) Anorthoclase Megacrysts: Physical Conditions of Formation. Mineralogical Magazine 43:287-291
Museum Victoria Mineralogy Collection; Dov Bahat (1979) Anorthoclase Megacrysts: Physical Conditions of Formation. Mineralogical Magazine 43:287-291
Judy Rowe Collection
    • City of Hume
      • Kalkallo
    • City of Warrnambool
    • Corangamite Shire
      • Camperdown
Natural History Museum Vienna collection
Museum Victoria Mineralogy Collection
      • Terang
Dov Bahat (1979) Anorthoclase Megacrysts: Physical Conditions of Formation. Mineralogical Magazine 43:287-291
    • Glenelg Shire
      • Portland
        • Cape Sir William Grant
W.D.Birch, N.Smith & J.Hately 1982. Andesine, Augite and Ilmenite in vesicles in an alkali olivine basalt from Portland, Victoria. The Australian Mineralogist No.37 March 1982 pp. 195-198 ; W.D.Birch 1989. Zeolites of Victoria. The Mineralogical Society of Victoria, special publication No.2 1989 pp. 86-89
    • Hepburn Shire
Museum Victoria Mineralogy Collection; Dov Bahat (1979) Anorthoclase Megacrysts: Physical Conditions of Formation. Mineralogical Magazine 43:287-291
    • Macedon Ranges Shire
      • Malmsbury
Sutton & Mills (2012)
      • Mount Macedon
Dov Bahat (1979) Anorthoclase Megacrysts: Physical Conditions of Formation. Mineralogical Magazine 43:287-291
Dov Bahat (1979) Anorthoclase Megacrysts: Physical Conditions of Formation. Mineralogical Magazine 43:287-291
Dov Bahat (1979) Anorthoclase Megacrysts: Physical Conditions of Formation. Mineralogical Magazine 43:287-291
    • Moyne Shire
      • Mortlake
Museum Victoria collection
    • Northern Grampians Shire
      • Carapooee
Museum Victoria collections
Austria
 
  • Burgenland
    • Oberpullendorf
      • Kobersdorf
        • Pauliberg
U. Kolitsch, W. Postl, H.-P. Bojar and W. Trattner (2009): Die Mineralvorkommen im Basalt des Pauliberges. In: Autorenkollektiv (Red. M. A. Götzinger und P. Huber) (2009): Die Mineralien des Burgenlandes - Geologie, Mineralogie und mineralische Rohstoffe. – Wissenschaftliche Arbeiten aus dem Burgenland, Band 126, Amt der Burgenländischen Landesregierung, Abteilung 7 - Landesmuseum, Eisenstadt, 83-99.
  • Carinthia
    • Koralpe
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
      • Waldenstein
  • Styria
    • Koralpe
      • Schwanberg
Alker, A. (1956) : Zur Mineralogie der Steiermark. In: Joanneum, Mineralogisches Mitteiungsblatt 2/1956.
Brazil
 
  • Espírito Santo
    • Vitória
Mineralogical Magazine 1998 62 : 687-695.
  • Mato Grosso do Sul
    • Porto Murtinho
Geological Survey Professional Paper 327 (U.S. Department of the Interior, 1959)
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • Liard Mining Division
Am. Min. 59, 820
  • Newfoundland and Labrador
    • Labrador
GSC locality database
      • Seal Lake alkaline complex (Letitia Lake)
GSC locality database; GSC database locality No. 4100
  • Ontario
    • Timiskaming District
      • Bannockburn Township
Ann P.Sabina (2000), Rocks and Minerals for the Collector, Cobalt-Belleterre-Timmins, Ontario and Quebec. GSC Misc. Report 57, p.113
  • Québec
    • Montérégie
      • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
        • Mont Saint-Hilaire
Schilling et al. (2011) J. Petr. 52, 2147-2185.
  • Saskatchewan
    • Athabasca Basin
      • Honsvall Lake
Eur. J. Mineral. , 1995, 7, pp. 1251-1272.
China
 
  • Anhui Province
    • Chuzhou Prefecture
      • Mingguang Co. (Jiashan Co.)
Shijin Xu, Zhong Fang, Matsumoto, T., Matsuda, J., Yasuda, M., Jinhai Yu, Rucheng Wang and Wenzhong Liu (2003): Chinese Science Bulletin 48(15), 1624-1630
  • Hebei Province
    • Zhangjiakou Prefecture
      • Huai'an Co.
Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189, 174 pp.
  • Heilongjiang Province (Manchuria; Dongbei Region)
    • Heihe Prefecture
      • Wudalianchi Co.
Jiaxiang Qiu and Qun'an Liao (1990): Earth Science, Journal of China University of Geosciences 34(4).
  • Shandong Province
    • Weifang Prefecture
      • Changle Co.
        • Wutu
Zhenhua Ding (1998): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 18(1), 23-27
    • Zibo Prefecture
      • Linzi District
Da-Xin Li and Yi-Ming Zhao (1997): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 16(1), 44-49.
  • Xinjiang Autonomous Region
    • Bayin'gholin Autonomous Prefecture (Bayingolin Autonomous Prefecture; Bayinguoleng Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Ruoqiang Co. (Qakilik Co.; Chaqiliq Co.)
Xiao Huiliang, Zhou Jiyuan, Wang Henian, Cui Bingfang, and Chen Shizhong (2003): Chinese Journal of Geochemistry 22(3), 280-288; Huiliang Xiao, Jiyuan Zhou, Henian Wang, Bingfang Cui, and Shizhong Chen (2003): Mineral Deposits 22(1), 32-40
  • Yunnan Province
    • Pu'er Prefecture
      • Ximeng Co.
Daxian Zhao (1989): Acta Petrologica Sinica 5(3), 25-36
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Liberec Region
      • Jizerské Mtn (Iser Mtn)
Blumrich, J. (1893): Die Phonolithe des Friedländer Bezirkes in Nordböhmen, Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Vol. 13, No 6, 465-495
    • Ústí Region
      • Most
        • Želenice
Pazdernik, P.: Compositional variations in the sodalite-bearing nephelinite phonolite from Želenický vrch Hill, North Bohemia. Acta Universitatis Carolinae – Geologica, 1997, vol. 42, no. 2, pp. 65-79.
Eritrea
 
  • Semenawi Keyih Bahri Region (Northern Red Sea Region)
    • Alid volcanic center
Journal of Petrology, Vol. 38, Nb 12, 1997, pp. 1707-1721.
Ethiopia
 
  • Oromia Region (Oromiya Region)
    • Metehara
Varet, J. (1969): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 22, 185-189.
France
 
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Cantal
      • Menet
J. Aubouin, R. Brousse, J.P. Lehman : "Précis de Géologie", Dunod, 1967
Brousse R, Varet J (1966) Les trachytes du Mont-Dore et du Cantal septentrional et leurs enclaves. Bulletin de la Société Géologique de France 8: 246-262.
    • Haute-Loire
      • Le Puy-en-Velay
        • Espaly-Saint-Marcel
Blanc Y, Mergoil-Daniel J, Tempier P (1973) Découverte de néphéline en mégacristaux et d'enclaves à néphéline et anorthose dans des projections volcaniques du Devès (Haute-Loire, France). Bulletin de la Société Française de Minéralogie et de Cristallographie 96: 388-391.
      • Solignac-sur-Loire
        • Le Brignon
Y. Blanc, J. Mergoil-Daniel, P. Tempier : "Découverte de néphéline en mégacristaux et d'enclaves à néphéline et anorthose dans des projections volcaniques du Devès (Haute-Loire, France)", Bull. Soc. Fr. minéral. Cristallogr. , 1973, 96, 388-391
    • Rhône
      • Lyon
        • First District
G. Demarcq, 1973, "Guides Géologiques Régionaux : Lyonnais, Vallée du Rhöne" , Masson.
  • Centre-Val de Loire
    • Cher
      • Sancerre-Couy drilling
Eur. J. Mineral. , 1993, 5, pp. 85-96.
French Polynesia
 
  • Marquesas Islands
Legendre C., Maury R.C., Caroff M., Guillou H., Cotten J., Chauvel C., Bollinger C., Hémond C., Guille G., Blais S., Rossi P., Savanier D. (2005): Origin of exceptionally abundant phonolites on Ua Pou island (Marquesas, French Polynesia): Partial melting of basanites followed by crustal contamination. Journal of Petrology, 46, (9), 1925-1962.
Germany
 
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Siebengebirge
      • Königswinter
[var: Anorthoclase-Sanidine] Engels, A., (1936): Zur chemischen Zusammensetzung des Sanidin-Anorthoklases vom Drachenfels, Zbl. Miner., 9-13
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Eifel
      • Gerolstein
        • Rockeskyll
          • Rockeskyll volcanic complex
El-Kaluoby, B., Mineralbestand und Gefüge vulkanischer Glimmerschiefer-Auswürflinge des Kyller Kopfes, Westeifel, Diss., Rhein. Fried.-Wilh.-Universität, Bonn, 1981
      • Laach lake volcanic complex
        • Kruft
Rath, G. v., Die chemische Zusammensetzung des Laacher Sanidins, Ann. Phys. Chem. 135, 1868
        • Mendig
          • Niedermendig
Rath, G. v., Die chemische Zusammensetzung des Laacher Sanidins, Ann. Phys. Chem. 135, 1868
Rath, G. v., Die chemische Zusammensetzung des Laacher Sanidins, Ann. Phys. Chem. 135, 1868
            • Wingertsberg
Rath, G. v., Die chemische Zusammensetzung des Laacher Sanidins, Ann. Phys. Chem. 135, 1868
        • Niederzissen
          • Glees
Rath, G. v., Die chemische Zusammensetzung des Laacher Sanidins, Ann. Phys. Chem. 135 ,1868
      • Niederzissen
        • Glees
Brauns, R., (1922): Die Mineralien der Niederrheinischen Vulkangebiete, Schweizerbart, Stuttgart
  • Schleswig-Holstein
    • Lübeck
      • Travemünde
A. Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", Schweizerbart (Stuttgart), 2001
Greece
 
  • Aegean Islands Department (Aiyaíon)
    • Sámos Prefecture
      • Sámos Island
Econ Geol (1989)84:788-798
Greenland
 
  • Kujalleq
    • Narsaq
      • Qaqortoq (Julianehåb)
Parsons, I. and Butterfield, A. W. (1981): Sedimentary features of the Nunarssuit and Klokken syenites, S Greenland. Journal of the Geological Society. 138 (3), 289-306.
  • Northeast Greenland National Park
    • J.V.Jensen Land
      • Kap Washington area
Larsen, O. (1982): The age of the Kap Washington Group volcanics, North Greenland. Bull. geol. Soc. Denmark. 31, 49-55
Larsen, O. (1982): The age of the Kap Washington Group volcanics, North Greenland. Bull. geol. Soc. Denmark. 31, 49-55
  • Qaasuitsup
    • Uummannaq (Umanak)
Benson, W.N. (1940): Kaersutite and other brown Amphiboles in the Cainozoic Igneous rocks of the Dunedin District, Transactions and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New Zealand, Vol. 69, 283-308
Honduras
 
  • Santa Bárbara Department
www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/latam.htm
Hungary
 
  • Nógrád Co.
    • Karancs-Medves Mts
      • Bárna
Vincze-Szeberényi, H. (1982): Feldspat-Megakristall aus ungarischem Basalt. Annales Historico-Naturales Musei Nationalis Hungarici, 74, 11-15.
      • Salgótarján
      • Szilaspagony
Italy
 
  • Apulia
    • Foggia Province
      • Gargano Promontory
        • Lesina
Russo, M. (2008): I minerali delle Vulcaniti di Punta delle Pietre Nere nel Gargano (Lesina, Foggia, Italy). MICRO (località). Periodico dell'Associazione Micro-mineralogica Italiana, 2008(2). 227-244.
  • Piedmont
    • Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province
      • Ossola Valley
        • Antrona Valley
          • Montescheno
Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 23 (1), 42-49
  • Sicily
    • Trapani Province
[Foerstner] Förstner H. (1877): Ueber die Natronorthoklas von Pantelleria. Zeits. Kryst. Min., 1, 1, 547-561; Foerstner E. [H.] (1881): Nota preliminare sulla geologia dell'isola di Pantelleria secondo gli studi fatti negli anni 1874 e 1881. Boll. R. Comit. Geol. Ital., 12, 523-556;[Foerstner] Förstner H. (1884): Ueber die Feldspäthe von Pantelleria. Zeits. Kryst. Min., 8, 1, 125-202; Foerstner H. (1884): Ueber künstliche physikalische Veränderungen der Feldspäthe von Pantelleria. Zeits. Kryst. Min., 9, 1, 333-352; Rosenbusch H. (1885): Mikroschopische Physiographie der Mineralien und Gesteine. Ein Hülfsbuch bei mikroskopischen Gesteinsstudien. Band I. Die petrographisch wichtigen Mineralien. Zweite gänzlich umgearbeitete Auflage. E. Schweizerbart’sche Verlagshandlung (E. Koch), Stuttgart, 664 pp.; Bahat D. (1979): Anorthoclase megacrysts: physical conditions of formation. Mineralogical Magazine, 43, 287-291; Civetta L., D’Antonio M., Orsi G., Tilton G.R. (1998): The geochemistry of volcanic rocks from Pantelleria Island, Sicily Channel: petrogenesis and characteristics of the mantle source region. Journ. Petrology, 1453-1491.
[Foerstner] Förstner H. (1877): Ueber die Natronorthoklas von Pantelleria. Zeits. Kryst. Min., 1, 1, 547-561; Rosenbusch H. (1885): Mikroschopische Physiographie der Mineralien und Gesteine. Ein Hülfsbuch bei mikroskopischen Gesteinsstudien. Band I. Die petrographisch wichtigen Mineralien. Zweite gänzlich umgearbeitete Auflage. E. Schweizerbart’sche Verlagshandlung (E. Koch), Stuttgart, 664 pp.
  • Sicily Channel (Sicilian Channel; Strait of Sicily)
Rotolo, S.G., Castorina, F., Cellura, D., Pompilio, M. (2006): Petrology and geochemistry of submarine volcanism in the Sicily Channel Rift. J. Geol., 114, 3, 355-365.
  • Tuscany
    • Livorno Province
      • Campigliese (Campiglia Mountains; Campiglia Ridge)
        • Campiglia Marittima
          • Botro ai Marmi
Oretti, F.G., Pierini, G. (1987): La Cava Maffei di Botro ai Marmi (Campiglia Marittima - LI). Riv. Mineral. Ital., Milano, 11, 1 (1-1987), 27-30.
  • Veneto
    • Vicenza Province
Mariani P., Scaini G.: "I minerali d'Italia" - Rizzoli, 1978 - and A. Del Caldo, C. Del Moro, C.M. Gramaccioli, M. Boscardin M. "Guida ai Minerali" Fabbri ed. Milano, 1981
      • Astico Valley
Boscardin M.,Daleffe A.,Rocchetti I., Zordan A. (2011) " Minerali del Vicentino - Aggiornamenti, località e nuove determinazioni " Museo di Archeologia e Scienze Naturali “G. Zannato” – Montecchio Maggiore (Vicenza), pp.183
        • Cogollo del Cengio
          • Cengio Mt.
Boscardin M.,Daleffe A.,Rocchetti I., Zordan A. (2011) " Minerali del Vicentino - Aggiornamenti, località e nuove determinazioni " Museo di Archeologia e Scienze Naturali “G. Zannato” – Montecchio Maggiore (Vicenza), pp.183
      • Calvene
Boscardin M.,Daleffe A.,Rocchetti I., Zordan A. (2011) " Minerali del Vicentino - Aggiornamenti, località e nuove determinazioni " Museo di Archeologia e Scienze Naturali “G. Zannato” – Montecchio Maggiore (Vicenza), pp.183
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Kinki Region
      • Wakayama Prefecture
        • Higashimuro-gun
          • Taiji-cho
[www.johnbetts-fineminerals.com]
  • Kyushu Region
    • Nansei Archipelago
      • Kagoshima Prefecture
        • Mishima village
    • Saga Prefecture
      • Karatsu City (Higashi-Matsuura-gun)
        • Chinzei-machi
Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
  • Tokyo Metropolis
    • Izu Archipelago
      • Niijima island
PXRD by John Attard.
    • Volcano Islands (Kazan Rettou)
      • Iou Island (Iou-to; Iwo-Jima; Iwojima; Iou-jima; Naka-Iou-jima)
Gordon A. MacDonald (1948) Petrography of Iwo Jima. Bulletin of the GSA, 59, 1009-1018.
Gordon A. MacDonald (1948) Petrography of Iwo Jima. Bulletin of the GSA, 59, 1009-1018.
Kazakhstan
 
Libya
 
  • Al Kufrah District
Flinn et al (1992)
Flinn et al. (1992)
Mexico
 
  • Chihuahua
    • Mun. de Aquiles Serdán
      • Santa Eulalia District
        • East Camp
Megaw, P.K.M., 1990b, Geology and geochemistry of the Santa Eulalia mining district, Chihuahua, Mexico.: Unpublished Ph.D. Thesis, Univ. of Arizona, 549 p
    • Mun. de Saucillo
Van King
New Zealand
 
  • Mayor Island (Tuhua)
NZJGG, 2003, 46: 581-590. NZJGG, 1991, 34: 337-340. NZJGG, 1981, 24: 449-467
NZJGG, 2003, 46: 581-590. NZJGG, 1991, 34: 337-340. NZJGG, 1981, 24: 449-467
NZJGG, 2003, 46: 581-590. NZJGG, 1991, 34: 337-340. NZJGG, 1981, 24: 449-467
  • South Island
    • Otago
      • Kakanui
Railton, G.L. & Watters, W.A., Minerals of New Zealand, New Zealand Geological Survey Bull. #104 (1990).; Mason, B. (1968): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 19, 316-327.
North Korea
 
  • South Hamgyong Province
Shinichi Kato collection
Norway
 
  • Jan Mayen Island
www.albany.edu/geosciences/cwhitems.html.
  • Oslo
    • Grorud
Brøgger, W.C. (1894) Die Eruptivgesteine des Kristianiagebietes. 1. Die Gesteine der Grorudit -Tinguait - Serie. (Videnskabsselskabets Skrifter I. Mat.-Naturv. Kl. 1894, no. 4) p. 10
  • Vestfold
    • Larvik
      • Hedrum
        • Lågendalen
Oberti, R., Boiocchi, M., Hawthorne, F.C., Kristiansen, R. (2014): Ferri-fluoro-leakeite: a second occurrence at Bratthagen (Norway), with new data on Zn partitioning and the oxo component in Na amphiboles. Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 861-869.
Peru
 
  • Puno Department
Eur. J. Mineral. , 1994, 6, pp. 145-150.
Poland
 
  • Opolskie
    • Opole District
      • Niemodlin commune
        • Gracze
W. Szeliga, Mineralogical Society of Poland, Special Papers, 2004, V 24, pp. 369-372.
Portugal
 
  • Azores District
    • São Miguel Island
      • Água de Pau Massif
Samples collected by Luigi Chiappino and analysed by Dr. Anthony Kampf, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, USA
    • Terceira Island
      • Angra do Heroísmo
http://www.minersoc.org/files/Applied_Mineralogist_AMG_bulletin_Volume1_Number3.pdf
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia)
[World of Stones 12:49]
  • Far-Eastern Region
    • Magadanskaya Oblast'
      • Kolyma River Basin
        • Omchak gold field
Goryachev, N.A., Vikent’eva, O.V., Bortnikov, N.S., Prokof’ev, V.Y., Alpatov, V.A., and Golub, V.V. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(5), 362-390.
  • Northern Region
    • Murmanskaja Oblast'
      • Kola Peninsula
        • Khibiny Massif
Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Konopleva, N.G., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Mikhailova, Y.A. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(7), 599-606.
Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).
Pekov, I.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Polekhovsky, Y.S., Vigasina, M.F., Siidra, O.I. (2014): Ekplexite (Nb,Mo)S2•(Mg1−xAlx)(OH)2+x, kaskasite (Mo,Nb)S2•(Mg1−xAlx)(OH)2+x and manganokaskasite (Mo,Nb)S2•(Mn1−xAlx)(OH)2+x, three new valleriite-group mineral species from the Khibiny alkaline complex, Kola peninsula, Russia. Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 663-679.
          • Koashva Mt
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Kapustin, Y. L., Pudovkina, Z. V., Bykova, A. V., & Lyubomilova, G. V. (1975). Koashvite, a new mineral. International Geology Review, 17(6), 654-660.
Konopleva, N.G., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 720-731.
Konopleva, N.G., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 720-731.
www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/lovo.htm
          • Alluaiv Mt
Pavel M. Kartashov data
Arzamastseva, L.V., Pakhomovsky, Ya.A. [Арзамасцева, Л.В., Пахомовский Я.А.] (1999): Mineral associations in rocks of Niva agpaitic intrusion (Kola Peninsula) as indicators of its forming conditions [Минеральные ассоциации пород агпаитовой интрузии Нива (Кольский Полуостров) как индикаторы условий ее образования]. Zap. VMO [Зап. ВМО], 128, 6, 1-16 (in Russian); Arzamastsev, A.A., Belyatsky, B.V., Arzamastseva, L.V. (2000): Agpaitic magmatism in the northeastern Baltic Shield: a study of the Niva intrusion, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Lithos, 51, 1, 27-46.
        • Turii Cape
www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/tury.htm
Rwanda
 
  • Western Province
    • Gatumba District
Bertossa, A., 1967. Inventaire des minéraux du Rwanda. Bulletin du Service Géologique de Rwanda 4, 25-45.; Daltry, V.D.C. and O. von Knorring (1998) Type-Mineralogy of Rwanda with Particular Reference to the Buranga Pegmatite. Geologica Belgica 1:1-9
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Lučenec Co.
M. Huraiova et al. , Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, pp. 901-916.
    • Rimavská Sobota Co.
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590k
South Africa
 
  • Limpopo Province
    • Murchison Range
      • Gravelotte
        • Letaba
          • Mpande farm
Minerals of South Africa
South Korea
 
  • Gyeongsangbuk-do (Kyongsang-bukto; Gyeongsangbugdo)
    • Ulleung-gun
Atsuo Harumoto (1970) Volcanic Rocks and Associated Rocks of Utsuryoto Island, (Japan Sea). (39pp + geological map)
Lee, M.W. (1982) journal of the Japan Association of Mineralogists, Petrologists and Economic Geologists, 77, 203-214.
Spain
 
  • Aragón
    • Huesca
      • Camporrells
B. Azambre et al. , Bull. Minéral; , 1987, 110, pp. 379-396.
  • Canary Islands
    • Las Palmas Province
      • Gran Canaria (Grand Canary)
        • Arucas
Arevalo, P., 1972, Estudio de la Ahuyna Presente en las Rocas Volcanicas de Arucas, Boletin Geologico y Minero, 83(2):187-193.
V.R. Troll et al. , Contrib. Mineral. Petrol. , 2003, 145, PP. 730-741.
    • Santa Cruz de Tenerife Province
      • La Gomera
Rodríguez-Losada, J.A., and Martínez-Frías, J. (1998): Mineralium Deposita 33, 639-643.
Sweden
 
  • Medelpad
    • Sundsvall
Kresten, P. (1990): The Alnø area (in Swedish). In: Lundqvist, T. (Ed.), Beskrivning Till Bergrundskartan Over Västernorrlands län. Sveriges Geologiska Undersökning, serie Ba, 31, 238–278.
  • Småland
    • Jönköping
      • Gränna
Törnebohm, A. (1906): Katapleitsyenit, en nyupptäkt varietet af nefelinsyenit i Sverige. Sveriges Geologiska Undersökning, C 199: 1-54; Thulin, H. (1996): Norra Kärr. Litiofilen 13: 17-51 Tilley, C.E. (1953). The grennaite of Norra Kärr. Geologiska Föreningens i Stockholm Förhandlingar, 75(3), pp.321–326. Sjöqvist, A.S.L., Cornell, D.H., Andersen, T., Erambert, M., Ek, M., and Leijd, M. (2013). Three compositional varieties of rare-earth element ore: Eudialyte-group minerals from the Norra Kärr alkaline complex, southern Sweden. Minerals, 3(1), pp.94–120.
Tanzania
 
  • Kilimanjaro Region
    • Mt Kilimanjaro
Stern, W.B. (1969): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 20, 198-202.
Turkey
 
  • Central Anatolia Region
    • Eskişehir Province
      • Kirka
Cahit, H., and Alonso, R.N. (2000): Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences 9, 1-27.
UK
 
Tindle, A.G. (2008) Minerals of Britian and Ireland
    • North West Highlands
      • Isle of Skye
        • Luib
    • Strathclyde
      • Isle of Mull
B.G.J. Upton et al. , Journal of the Geological Society, 1998, V 155, N° 5, pp 813-828.
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Apache Co.
      • Buell Park
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 114.
    • Gila Co.
      • San Carlos Indian Reservation
        • San Carlos
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 114; Garcia, M.O., et al (1980), Volatiles in Ti-rich amphibole megacrysts, southwestern USA, Am.Min.: 65: 306-312.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 221, 406; Caporuscio, F.A. (1980), Alkalic lavas from the San Carlos, Arizona province (abstract), Amer. Geophys. Union, 1979 Fall annual meeting.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 114; Garcia, M.O., et al (1980), Volatiles in Ti-rich amphibole megacrysts, southwestern USA, Am.Min.: 65: 306-312.
    • Mohave Co.
      • Hualapai (Hualpai) Mts
McGuire, A. V., & Mukasa, S. B. (1997). Magmatic modification of the uppermost mantle beneath the Basin and Range to Colorado Plateau Transition Zone; Evidence from xenoliths, Wikieup, Arizona. Contributions to mineralogy and petrology, 128(1), 52-65.
    • Yavapai Co.
WITTKE, J.H. & HOLM, R.F. (1996) The association basamnitic nephelinite - feldspar ijolite - nepheline monzosyenite at House Mountain Volcano, North-Central Arizona. Canadian Mineralogist 34, 221-240.
  • Arkansas
    • Hot Spring Co.
Erickson, Ralph Leroy; Blade, Lawrence Vernon (1963) Geochemistry and petrology of the alkalic igneous complex at Magnet Cove, Arkansas. USGS Prof. Paper 425
  • Colorado
    • Clear Creek Co.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    • Teller Co.
Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
  • Hawaii
    • Maui Co.
      • Maui
        • Lahaina
Sinton, J. (2006): Maui field trip, University of Hawai´i, Department of Geology and Geophysics
  • Maine
    • Cumberland Co.
King & Foord, 1994. Mineralogy of Maine, V.1
    • York Co.
      • York
Gilman, R., 1978, Bedrock Gepology of the Newfield 15' Quadrangle, Maine, ME Geol Surv OF-78-10.
  • Massachusetts
    • Essex Co.
Dennen, W. H. 1992, Bedrock geologic map of the Gloucester and Rockport Quadrangles, Essex County, Massachusetts
Gleba, 1978. Massachusetts Mineral & Fossil Localities
    • Worcester Co.
Emerson, 1917. Geology of MA & RI, p.236.
  • Missouri
    • Newton Co.
U.S. Geological Survey,2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S Geological Survey,Reston, Virginia
U.S. Geological Survey,2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S Geological Survey,Reston, Virginia
  • Montana
    • Meagher Co.
American Mineralogist 50:291-292
  • Nevada
    • Eureka Co.
      • Lynn District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Lincoln Co.
      • Kanes Spring Wash
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Nye Co.
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Washoe Co.
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • White Pine Co.
      • Robinson District
        • Ely
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • New Jersey
    • Sussex Co.
      • Franklin Mining District
        • Franklin
Frondel, C.: Minerals of Franklin and Sterling Hill, NJ - a checklist (1972); Dunn(1995):Pt4:509.
    • Union Co.
      • Springfield Township
        • Springfield
The Minerals of New York City & Its Environs, New York Mineralogical Club Bull. Vol. 5, No. 1, Manchester, J.G. (1931): 93.
  • New Mexico
    • Colfax Co.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
    • Doña Ana Co.
      • Organ Mts
Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd. rev. ed. (1996)
    • Eddy Co.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
    • Luna Co.
      • Florida Mts
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
    • Otero Co.
      • Cornudas Mts
USGS GEOLOGIC INVESTIGATIONS SERIES I–2631
    • Halifax Co.
Philip M. Brown,Chief Geologist, 1985 Geological Map of North Carolina
Philip M. Brown, Chief Geologist, 1985, Geological Map of North Carolina
Stoddard,E.F.,(1992) A new suite of post-orogenic dikes in eastern North Carolina Piedmont:Part II.Mineralogy and geochemistry,Southeastern Geology,v.32,no.3,pg.119-142
  • Oklahoma
    • Atoka Co.
Morgan VI,George B.,and London,David (2011) Process of Granophyre Crystallization in the Long Mountain Granite, Southern Oklahoma :2012 Geological Society of America
    • Comanche Co.
      • Wichita Mts
        • Mount Scott
J.D. Price et al. , Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, pp. 435-451.
    • Ottawa Co.
U.S. Geological Survey,2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S Geological Survey,Reston, Virginia
  • Pennsylvania
    • Lebanon Co.
      • Cornwall Borough (Cornwall)
Lapham & Geyer, 1965. Mineral Collecting in Pennsylvania
  • South Dakota
    • Lawrence Co.
SDSMT Bull 18 Roberts and Rapp "Mineralogy of the Black Hills"
        • Balmoral
SDSMT Bull 18 Roberts and Rapp "Mineralogy of the Black Hills"
SDSMT Bull 18 Roberts and Rapp "Mineralogy of the Black Hills"
  • Texas
    • Brewster Co.
      • Big Bend National Park
R&M 66:3 pp 196-224
    • Lubbock Co.
http://www.meteoritestudies.com/protected_SHALLOW.HTM
  • Utah
    • Tooele Co.
      • Deep Creek Mts
        • Gold Hill District (Clifton District)
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
  • Vermont
    • Rutland Co.
      • Shrewsbury
        • Cuttingsville
Rocks & Min. Vol. 71, (1996)
  • Virginia
    • Augusta Co.
      • Parnassus
Rocks & Minerals 84:352-362.
Minerals of Virginia, 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
  • Wisconsin
    • Dodge Co.
      • Iron Ridge District (Neda Iron District)
Hawley, J. & A. Bevan (1934) Mineralogy and genesis of the Mayville iron ore of Wisconsin: american Mineralogist: 19 (11): 493- 514.
    • Marathon Co.
      • Wausau Intrusive Complex
R&M 73:11-12 pp 378-399 Wisconsin Mineral Locality Index
        • Stettin pluton
R&M 73:11-12 pp 378-399 Wisconsin Mineral Locality Index
Buchholz, T. W., A. U.Falster, and W. B. Simmons (2012) Mineralogy Of An Unusual Pegmatite, Stettin Pluton, Marathon County, Wi. 39th Rochester Symposium abstracts.
    • Wood Co.
55TH INSTITUTE ON LAKE SUPERIOR GEOLOGY (2009) PROCEEDINGS VOLUME 55 p. 7
Yemen
 
  • Hadramawt Governorate
Zolensky, M. & A.Ivanov, Chemie der Erde 63,185-246(2003)
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