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About Magnesio-hastingsiteHide

Green to brownish-green
5 - 6
Crystal System:
For its relationship to Hastingsite
The hastingsite-group minerals are defined with 0.5 < A(Na+K+2Ca)<1.5 where Na or K is dominant and with the C position occupied by Mg or Fe2+ as dominant divalent ions and 0.5 < C(Al+Fe3+ +Cr+2Ti) < 1.5 where Fe3+ is dominant. W may contain (OH),F or Cl.

Magnesiohastingsite is defined with:

A position: Na dominant
C position: Mg dominant divalent ion
W position: (OH) dominant

Classification of Magnesio-hastingsiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
D : Inosilicates
E : Inosilicates with 2-periodic double chains, Si4O11; Clinoamphiboles

16 : Silicates Containing Aluminum and other Metals
24 : Aluminosilicates of Fe, Mg, Ca and alkalis

Physical Properties of Magnesio-hastingsiteHide

Green to brownish-green
Pale grey-green to pale brownish-green
5 - 6 on Mohs scale
on {110}

Optical Data of Magnesio-hastingsiteHide

Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.653 - 1.670 nβ = 1.661 - 1.690 nγ = 1.669 - 1.700
Measured: 60° to 90°, Calculated: 68° to 88°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.016 - 0.030
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:

Chemical Properties of Magnesio-hastingsiteHide

Common Impurities:

Crystallography of Magnesio-hastingsiteHide

Crystal System:
Cell Parameters:
a = 9.88 Å, b = 18.01 Å, c = 5.32 Å
β = 105.26°
a:b:c = 0.549 : 1 : 0.295
Unit Cell V:
913.26 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Crystal StructureHide

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IDSpeciesReferenceLinkYearLocalityPressure (GPa)Temp (K)
0010840Magnesio-hastingsiteWalitzi E M, Walter F (1981) Verfeinerung der kristallstruktur eines basaltischen magnesio-hastingsites Zeitschrift fur Kristallographie 156 197-2081981Untertiefenbach, Austria0293
CIF Raw Data - click here to close

Type Occurrence of Magnesio-hastingsiteHide

Synonyms of Magnesio-hastingsiteHide

Other Language Names for Magnesio-hastingsiteHide

Relationship of Magnesio-hastingsite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
Magnesio-fluoro-hastingsiteNaCa2(Mg4Fe3+)(Si6Al2)O22F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
Potassic-chloro-hastingsiteKCa2(Fe2+4Fe3+)(Si6Al2)O22Cl2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
Potassic-fluoro-hastingsiteKCa2(Fe2+4Fe3+)(Si6Al2)O22F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
Potassic-hastingsiteKCa2(Fe2+4Fe3+)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
Potassic-magnesio-hastingsiteKCa2(Mg4Fe3+)(Si6Al2)O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
Forms a series with:

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
5 photos of Magnesio-hastingsite associated with MagnetiteFe2+Fe3+2O4
1 photo of Magnesio-hastingsite associated with PyrrhotiteFe1-xS
1 photo of Magnesio-hastingsite associated with SodaliteNa4(Si3Al3)O12Cl

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.DE.Clino-suenoite◻{Mn2+2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.05Clino-holmquistite Root Name Group◻{Li2}{Z2+3Z3+2}(Si8O22)(OH,F,Cl)2Mon.
9.DE.05Grunerite◻{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.05Ferri-fluoro-leakeite{Na}{Na2}{Mg2Fe3+2Li}(Si8O22)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.10Actinolite◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.10Ferro-tschermakite◻{Ca2}{Fe2+3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.10Magnesio-hornblende◻Ca2(Mg4Al)(Si7Al)O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.10Tremolite◻{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.10Tschermakite◻(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.10Parvo-manganotremolite◻{CaMn2+}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.10Fluoro-tremolite◻{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.10Ferro-ferri-hornblende◻Ca2(Fe2+4Fe3+)(AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15PargasiteNaCa2(Mg4Al)(Si6Al2)O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Fluoro-edeniteNaCa2Mg5(Si7Al)O22F2Mon. 2/m : P2/m
9.DE.15Magnesio-fluoro-hastingsiteNaCa2(Mg4Fe3+)(Si6Al2)O22F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Potassic-fluoro-hastingsiteKCa2(Fe2+4Fe3+)(Si6Al2)O22F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Potassic-chloro-hastingsiteKCa2(Fe2+4Fe3+)(Si6Al2)O22Cl2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Fluoro-pargasiteNaCa2(Mg4Al)(Si6Al2)O22F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Parvo-mangano-edenite{Na}{CaMn2+}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Potassic-chloro-pargasiteKCa2(Mg4Al)(Si6Al2)O22Cl2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Potassic-magnesio-hastingsiteKCa2(Mg4Fe3+)(Si6Al2)O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Potassic-ferro-pargasiteKCa2(Fe2+4Al)(Si6Al2)O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Chromio-pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Cr3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Potassic-fluoro-pargasiteKCa2(Mg4Al)(Si6Al2)O22F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Ferri-kaersutiteNaCa2(Mg3Fe3+Ti)(Si6Al2O22)O2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Vanadio-pargasiteNaCa2(Mg3+4V)(Al2Si6)O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Ferro-taramiteNa(CaNa)(Fe2+3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Ferro-ferri-katophoriteNa(NaCa)(Fe2+4Fe3+)(Si7Al)O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Ferro-barroisite◻{CaNa}{Fe2+3Al2}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Ferro-winchite ◻{CaNa}{Fe2+4Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.20Ferro-katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Fe2+4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Winchite◻{CaNa}{Mg4Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m
9.DE.20Taramite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Fluoro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m
9.DE.20Katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Potassic-richterite{K}{CaNa}{Mg5}Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Ferri-ghoseite◻[Mn2+Na][Mg4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m
9.DE.20Ferri-winchite◻[CaNa][Mg4(Fe3+,Al)]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Fluoro-taramite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Ferri-fluoro-katophoriteNa(CaNa)(Mg4Fe3+)(AlSi7O22)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25EckermanniteNaNa2(Mg4Al}Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25NybøiteNaNa2(Mg3Al2)(AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Ferro-ferri-nybøiteNaNa2[(Fe2+3,Mg)Fe3+2](AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Clino-ferro-ferri-holmquistite◻{Li2}{Fe2+3Fe3+2}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Potassic-ferri-leakeite[K][Na2][Mg2Fe3+2Li]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Fluoro-nybøiteNaNa2(Mg3Al2)(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Mangani-dellaventuraiteNaNa2(MgMn3+2Ti4+Li)Si8O22O2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Fluoro-pedriziteNaLi2(Mg2Al2Li)(Si8O22)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Potassic-arfvedsonite[(K,Na)][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Mangani-obertiiteNaNa2(Mg3Mn3+Ti4+)Si8O22O2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Potassic-magnesio-fluoro-arfvedsonite[(K,Na)][Na2][Mg4Fe3+][Si8O22][(F,OH)2]Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Ferro-ferri-pedrizite[Na][Li2][Fe2+2Fe3+2Li]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Potassic-magnesio-arfvedsonite[K][Na2][Mg4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25PedriziteNaLi2(LiMg2Al2)(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Ferro-pedriziteNaLi2(Fe2+2Al2Li)Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Ferro-fluoro-pedriziteNa(Li2)(Fe2+2Al2Li)[Si8O22]F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Fluoro-leakeiteNaNa2(Mg2Al2Li)(Si8O22)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Ferro-ferri-obertiiteNaNa2(Fe2+3Fe3+Ti)Si8O22O2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Ferri-obertiiteNaNa2(Mg3Fe3+Ti)Si8O22O2Mon. 2/m : B2/m

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

16.24.1Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6Mon. 2/m : B2/b
16.24.2Omphacite(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(AleFe3+fFe2+gMgh)Si2O6Mon. 2/m
16.24.5Ferro-ferri-katophoriteNa(NaCa)(Fe2+4Fe3+)(Si7Al)O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
16.24.9Ferro-barroisite◻{CaNa}{Fe2+3Al2}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
16.24.13Taramite Root Name GroupA(CaNa)(Z2+3Z3+2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH,F,Cl)2
16.24.16Osumilite-(Mg)KMg2Al3(Al2Si10)O30Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P6/mcc

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Magnesio-hastingsiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Billings, M. (1928): The chemistry, optics and genesis of the hastingsite group of amphiboles. American Mineralogist 13, 287-296.
Semet, M.P. (1973) A crystal-chemical study of synthetic magnesiohastingsite. American Mineralogist: 58: 480-494.
Semet, M.P., Ernst, W.G. (1981) Experimental stability relations of the hornblende magnesio-hastingsite. Geological Society of America Bulletin: 92: 71-74.
Mandarino, J.A. (1998) The Second List of Additions and Corrections to the Glossary of Mineral Species (1995). The Amphibole Group. Mineralogical Record: 29: 169-174.
Hawthorne, F.C., Oberti, R. (2006) On the classification of amphiboles. The Canadian Mineralogist: 44: 1-21.
Hawthorne, F.C., Oberti, R., Harlow, G.E., Maresch, W.V., Martin, R.F., Schumacher, J.C., Welch, M.D. (2012) Nomenclature of the amphibole supergroup. American Mineralogist: 97: 2031-2048.

Internet Links for Magnesio-hastingsiteHide

Localities for Magnesio-hastingsiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • Eastern Antarctica
    • Queen Maud Land
MinMag 58:621
  • Mendoza Province
Pagano, D.S., Galliski, M.Á., Márquez-Zavalía, M.F., Colombo, F. (2016): Petrology and mineralogy of the La Peña igneous complex, Mendoza, Argentina: An alkaline occurrence in the Miocene magmatism of the Southern Central Andes. Journal of South American Earth Sciences: 67 (in press); (2016)
    • Las Heras department
      • Las Heras
Pagano Género, D. S., Galliski, M. A., Marquez Zavalia, M. F., & Colombo, F. (2016). Petrology and mineralogy of the La Peña igneous complex, Mendoza, Argentina: An alkaline occurrence in the Miocene magmatism of the Southern Central Andes.
  • Tasmania
    • Waratah-Wynyard municipality
      • Waratah district
        • Mt Ramsay
Bottrill, R.S., Baker, W.E. (2008) A Catalogue of the Minerals of Tasmania. Geological Survey Tasmania Bulletin 73, 254 pages.
  • Ontario
    • Rainy River District
Neil T. Pettigrew, K´eiko H. Hattori (2006) The Quetico Intrusions of Western Superior Province: Neo-Archean examples of Alaskan/Ural-type mafic–ultramafic intrusions. Precambrian Research 149:21–42
    • Thunder Bay District
McLaughlin (1990)
  • Québec
    • Abitibi-Témiscamingue
      • La Vallée-de-l'Or RCM
        • Réservoir-Dozois
Olivier Langelier Collection
    • Laurentides
      • Antoine-Labelle RCM
        • Notre-Dame-du-Laus
Martin, R.F.; Schumann, D. A (2019) Silicocarbonatitic Melt and Spinel-Bearing Dunite of Crustal Origin at the Parker Phlogopite Mine, Notre-Dame-du-Laus, Quebec, Canada. Minerals 9, 613.
    • Montérégie
      • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
        • Mont Saint-Hilaire
Canadian Museum of Nature data (XRD, WDS)
    • Montréal
      • Mont Royal
BANCROFT, J.A. & HOWARD, W.V. (1923): The essexites of Mt. Royal, Montreal, P.Q. Transactions of the Royal Society of Canada 17, section 4, 13-43. BILLINGS, M. (1928): The chemistry, optics and genesis of the hastingsite group of amphiboles. American Mineralogist 13, 287-296. LEAKE, B.E. (1978): Nomenclature of amphiboles. Canadian Mineralogist 16, 501-520. LEAKE, B.E. et al. (1997): Nomenclature of amphiboles. Canadian Mineralogist 35, 219-246.
      • Montréal-Est
Martin, R.F., Alarie, E., Minarik, W.G. Wáczek, Zs. & MCCammon, C.A. (2016): Titanium-rich magnesio-hastingsite macrocrysts in a camptonite dike, Lafarge quarry, Montreal Island, Québec: early crystallization in a pseudo-unary system. Canadian Mineralogist 54, 65-78.
  • Anhui
    • Tongling
      • Shizishan ore field
Qin Xinlong, Du Yangsong, Tian Shihong, Lee, H.K., Yin Jingwu, and Kim, S.J. (2004): Journal of China University of Geosciences 2004(1).
      • Yi'an District
Qin Xinlong, Du Yangsong, Lee, H.K., Yin Jingwu, and Guo Xifeng (2003): Chinese Science Bulletin 48(23), 2626-2634.
Chun Zhai, Jinhui Lin, and Xiasheng Gong (1999): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 19(1), 63-69
  • Hubei
    • Huangshi
      • Tieshan District
Yiming Zhao and Daxin Li (2003): Mineral Deposits 22(4), 345-359
  • Jiangxi
    • Fuzhou
      • Chongren Co.
Yaohui Jiang, Hongfei Ling, Shaoyong Jiang, Honghai Fan, Weizhou Shen, and Pei Ni (2005): Journal of Petrology 46(6), 1-34.
    • Ganzhou
      • Huichang Co.
Bangtong Zhang, Junqi Wu, Hongfei Ling, and Peirong Chen (2008): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 28(1), 1-5
Czech Republic
  • Olomouc Region
    • Přerov District
      • Lipník nad Bečvou
        • Hlinsko
Dolníček, Z., Kropáč, K., Lehotský, T., Škoda, R., Jačková, I.: Nové petrografické, mineralogické a paleontologické výzkumy v lomu Podhůra (kra Maleníku, moravskoslezský kulm). Acta Musei Moraviae, Scientiae geologicae, 2008, 93, 91-112.
  • Bourgogne-Franche-Comté
    • Haute-Saône
      • Lure
        • Mélisey
          • Château-Lambert
            • Saint-Maurice-sur-Moselle
F. André and J. Béhien, Bull. Minéral. , France, 1983, 106, pp. 341-351.
  • Guadeloupe
    • Basse-Terre
      • Gourbeyre
Ph. D'arco, J. Cotten, Bull. Minéral. , 1985, 108, pp. 153-159.
  • Occitanie
    • Tarn
      • Castres
        • Lacaune
Béziat, J.L. Joron et P. Monchoux : "Spessartites in the Montagne Noire, France : mineralogical and geochemical data", Eur. Journ. Mineral., 1993, 5, pp 879-891.
  • Bavaria
    • Upper Palatinate
      • Amberg-Sulzbach District
        • Auerbach in der Oberpfalz
O Dziallas collection
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Mayen-Koblenz District
      • Mendig
        • Mendig
Schäfer, Ch. & Schäfer, H. (2018) Über Dawsonit, Britholith, Ferriallanit und einige Amphibole aus den Auswürflingen des Laacher Vulkans, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 69(4), 201-219
      • Vordereifel
        • Ettringen
in the collection of Christof Schäfer
    • Vulkaneifel District
      • Daun
        • Dreis-Brück
Dyar, M.D., Mackwell, S.J., Mc Guire, A.V., Cross L.R., Robertson, J.D. (1993): Crystal chemistry of Fe3+ and H+ in mantle Kaersutite: Implications for mantle metasomatism, American Mineralogist, Vol. 78, pp. 968-979
  • Sermersooq
Kent Brooks, R.G Platt (1975): Kaersutite-bearing gabbroic inclusions and the late dike swarm of Kangerdlugssuaq, East Greenland. Mineralogical Magazine Vol 40 pp 259-283
MinRec 16:485-494
John G. Arnason and Dennis K. Bird (2000) A gold- and platinum-mineralized layer in gabbros of the Kap Edvard Holm Complex; field, petrologic, and geochemical relations. Economic Geology and the Bulletin of the Society of Economic Geologists, 95 (5): 945-970
  • Fejér County
    • Székesfehérvár District
      • Kőszárhegy
Szakáll: Minerals of Szár Hill, 2004
  • Nógrád County
    • Diósjenő
Mineral Species of Hungary, 2005
  • Apulia
    • Foggia Province
      • Lesina
Russo, M. (2008): I minerali delle Vulcaniti di Punta delle Pietre Nere nel Gargano (Lesina, Foggia, Italy). MICRO (località). Periodico dell'Associazione Micro-mineralogica Italiana, 2008(2). 227-244.
  • Campania
    • Naples
Mazzi, F. and Munno, R. (1983): Calciobetafite (new mineral of the pyrochlore group) and related minerals from Campi Flegrei, Italy; crystal structures of polymignite, and zirkelite: comparison with pyrochlore and zirconolite. American Mineralogist: 68: 262-276
Russo, M. (2010) I minerali dell'Isola di Procida. Poster. Publisher: Associazione Vivara Onlus.
  • Lazio
    • Latina Province
      • Ponza
        • Ponza Island
H.E. Belkin, B. De Vivo, A. Lima : "Magmatic (silicte/saline/sulfur-rich/CO2) immiscibility and zirconium and rare-earth element enrichment from alkaline magam chamber margins : evidence from Ponza Island, Pontine Archipelago, Italy", Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, 1401-1420.
    • Metropolitan City of Rome Capital
Federico, M., Peccerillo, A., (2002): Mineral chemistry and petrogenesis of granular ejecta from the Alban Hills volcano, Mineralogy and Petrology, Vol 74, 223-252
    • Viterbo Province
      • Onano
[Signoretti, E., Pucci, R., (2007): Gita sociale e ricerca mineralogica sul terreno nella cava di Montenero, Onano (VT), Il Cercapietre, 1-2/2007, 61-67], [M.E. Ciriotti (2006), EPMA data]
Barbieri, M., Peccerillo, A., Poli, G., & Tolomeo, L. (1988). Major, trace element and Sr isotopic composition of lavas from Vico volcano (Central Italy) and their evolution in an open system. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 99(4), 485-497. Barberi, F., Buonasorte, G., Cioni, R., Fiordelisi, A., Foresi, L., Iaccarino, S., ... & Villa, I. M. (1994). Plio-Pleistocene geological evolution of the geothermal area of Tuscany and Latium. Memorie Descrittive della Carta Geologica d’Italia, 49, 77-134. Conticelli, S., Avanzinelli, R., Poli, G., Braschi, E., & Giordano, G. (2013). Shift from lamproite-like to leucititic rocks: Sr–Nd–Pb isotope data from the Monte Cimino volcanic complex vs. the Vico stratovolcano, Central Italy. Chemical Geology, 353, 246-266. Cundari, A., & Mattias, P. P. (1974). Evolution of the Vico lavas, Roman volcanic region, Italy. Bulletin Volcanologique, 38(1), 98-114. Della Ventura, G., Williams, C. T., Cabella, R., Oberti, R., Caprilli, E., & Bellatreccia, F. (1999). Britholite-hellandite intergrowths and associated REE-minerals from the alkali-syenitic ejecta of the Vico volcanic complex (Latium, Italy); petrological implications bearing on REE mobility in volcanic systems. European Journal of Mineralogy, 11(5), 843-854. Laurenzi, M.A. & Villa, I.M. 1987. 40Ar/39Ar chronostratigraphy of Vico ignimbrites. Periodico di Mineralogia, 56, 285-293. Le Maitre, R. W., Streckeisen, A., Zanettin, B., Le Bas, M. J., Bonin, B., Bateman, P., ... & Lameyre, J. (2002). Igneous rocks. A classification and glossary of terms, 2. Perini, G., Conticelli, S., Francalanci, L., & Davidson, J. P. (2000). The relationship between potassic and calc-alkaline post-orogenic magmatism at Vico volcano, central Italy. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 95(1-4), 247-272. Perini, G., Francalanci, L., Davidson, J. P., & Conticelli, S. (2004). Evolution and genesis of magmas from Vico Volcano, Central Italy: multiple differentiation pathways and variable parental magmas. Journal of Petrology, 45(1), 139-182. Turi, B., & Taylor, H. P. (1976). Oxygen isotope studies of potassic volcanic rocks of the Roman Province, Central Italy. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 55(1), 1-31. Sollevanti, F. (1983). Geologic, volcanologic, and tectonic setting of the Vico-Cimino area, Italy. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 17(1-4), 203-217. Vollmer, R. (1976). Rb-Sr and U-Th-Pb systematics of alkaline rocks: the alkaline rocks from Italy. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 40(3), 283-295.
      • Viterbo
Cámara,F., Williams,C.T., Della Ventura,G., Oberto,R. & Caprilli,E. (2004): Non-metamict betafite from Le Carcarelle (Vico volcanic complex, Italy): occurrence and crystal structure, Mineralogical Magazine, 68, 939-950
  • Liguria
    • Genoa
      • Rovegno
Analyses of Anthony Kampf of Natural History museum of Los Angeles - U.S.A.
  • Piedmont
    • Cuneo Province
      • Vernante
        • Val Grande
Ferrando S., Lombardo B., Compagnoni R. (2008): Metamorphic history of HP mafic granulites from the Gesso-Stura Terrain (Argentera Massif, Western Alps, Italy). Eur. J. Mineral., 20, 777-790.
    • Metropolitan City of Turin
      • Léssolo
        • Cálea
Campostrini, I. (2001) Le miniere di Brosso. Monografie XXIX. Museo Regionale di Scienze Naturali, Ed., Torino, 185 pages.
  • Nagano Prefecture
    • Nagano City
Yamazaki et al (1966) Ganseki-Koubutsu-Koshogaku Zasshi, 55, 87-103.
  • Vestfold
    • Larvik
      • Hedrum
        • Lågendalen
Larsen,A. O. (1998): Revisjon av nomenklatur for de sorte amfibolene fra Oslofeltets syenittpegmatitter. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift 14: 9 (in norwegian)
      • Larvik town
Larsen, A.O.(1998): Revisjon av nomenklatur for de sorte amfibolene fra Oslofeltets syenittpegmatitter. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift 14,9 (in norwegian)
      • Malerød
Svein A. Berge collection
Larsen,A.O.(1998): "Revisjon av nomenklatur for de sorte amfibolene fra Oslofeltets syenittpegmatitter". Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift 14,9 (in norwegian)
      • Tjølling
        • Stålaker
Larsen,A.O.(1998): "Revisjon av nomenklatur for de sorte amfibolene fra Oslofeltets syenittpegmatitter". Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift 14,9 (in norwegian)
      • Tvedalen
Larsen,A.O.(1998): Revisjon av nomenklatur for de sorte amfibolene fra Oslofeltets syenittpegmatitter. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift 14,9 (in norwegian); Piilonen, P.C., McDonald, A.M., Poirier, G., Rowe, R. & Larsen, A.O. (2014): Mafic minerals of the alkaline pegmatites in the Larvik plutonic complex, Oslo rift, southern Norway. Canadian Mineralogist. 51, 735-770
    • Sandefjord
      • Kodal
Andersen, T. & Seiersten, M. (1994): Deep cumulates in shallow intrusion: origin and crystallization of a pyroxenite (jacupirangaite s.l.) body in the Larvik Pluton, Oslo Region, South Norway. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie- Monatsheft Jg 1994 (6): 255-274
  • Vestfold og Telemark
    • Bamble
      • Bamble Nickel Mines
        • Nystein
Brickwood, J. D. (1986): The geology and mineralogy of some Fe-Cu-Ni sulphide deposits in the Bamble area, Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift. 66, 189-208
Brickwood, J. D. (1986): The geology and mineralogy of some Fe-Cu-Ni sulphide deposits in the Bamble area, Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift. 66, 189-208
Brickwood, J. D. (1986): The geology and mineralogy of some Fe-Cu-Ni sulphide deposits in the Bamble area, Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift. 66, 189-208
Papua New Guinea
  • New Ireland Province
    • Lihir Island area
Renno, A. D., Franz, L., Witzke, T., & Herzig, P. M. (2004). The coexistence of melts of hydrous copper chloride, sulfide and silicate compositions in a magnesiohastingsite cumulate, TUBAF seamount, Papua New Guinea. The Canadian Mineralogist, 42(1), 1-16.
  • Pomeranian Voivodeship
    • Puck County
      • Gmina Krokowa
Krzemińska E. & Bagiński B. 2003: THE KOŚCIERZYNA AND ŻARNOWIEC ENDERBITES ( N-POLAND) PETROGRAPHY, MINERALOGY, GEOCHEMISTRY AND P –T RESULTS. Mineralogical Society of Poland - Special Papers, vol. 23, pp. 105-107
  • Bistrița-Năsăud
    • Rodna Mtn (Rodnei Mtn)
      • Rodna
        • Valea Vinului
Delia Cristina Papp, Ionel Ureche, Ioan Seghedi, Hilary Downes, Luigi Dallai, (2005), Petrogenesis of convergent-margin calc-alkaline rocks and the significance of the low oxygen isotope ratios: the Rodna-Bârgău Neogene subvolcanic area (Eastern Carpathians), Geologica Carpathica, 56, 1, p.77-90
  • Altai Krai
    • Gornyi Altai
      • Kharlovo
I.I Likhanov et al., Eur. Journ. Mineral. , 1995, 7, pp. 379-389.
  • Murmansk Oblast
Chakhmouradian, A. R.; McCammon, C. A. (2005): Schorlomite: a discussion of the crystal chemistry, formula, and inter-species boundaries. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals 32, 277-289.
    • Khibiny Massif
Konopleva, N.G., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 720-731.
      • The Carbonatite Stock in the vicinity of Tul'ilukht Bay
Konopleva, N.G., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 720-731.
  • Sakha Republic (Yakutia)
    • Mirninsky District
      • Daldyn
Rezvukhin, D.I.; Alifirova, T.A.; Golovin, A.V.; Korsakov, A.V. (2020) A Plethora of Epigenetic Minerals Reveals a Multistage Metasomatic Overprint of a Mantle Orthopyroxenite from the Udachnaya Kimberlite. Minerals 10, 264.
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Ph. D'arco, J. Cotten, Bull. Minéral. , 1985, 108, pp. 153-159.
  • Bratislava Region
    • Bratislava
      • Bratislava I
        • Staré Mesto
Ozdín D., Uher P., Bačík P., 2007: Amfiboly a minerály skupiny epidotu v porfyrickom diorite na lokalite Bratislava-Okánikova ulica. Mineralia Slovaca, 39,4, Geovestník, 4.
  • Prešov Region
    • Prešov District
      • Tulčík
Ďuďa,R., et al., 1981: Mineralógia severnej časti Slanských vrchov. Min.Slovaca, Monografia 2, 98s
  • Castile-La Mancha
    • Guadalajara
      • Atienza
        • Alpedroches
- Majarena Serrano, U. (2015): El Magmatismo del sector de Atienza (Guadalajara): Cartografía geológica, estudio estructural, petrología y geoquímica y modelo de emplazamiento. Trabajo Fin de Grado. Directores: Dr. Marceliano Lago San José y Dr. Andrés Gil Imaz, Depto. Ciencias de la Tierra, Universidad de Zaragoza, 41 pg.
  • Galicia
    • A Coruña
      • Malpica
        • La Pioza
J.I. Gil Ibarguchi, Eur. Journ. Mineral. , 1995, 7, pp. 403-415.
  • Värmland County
    • Filipstad
      • Långban Ore District
Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
  • Grisons
    • Maloja Region
      • Bregaglia
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 263.
  • Arusha Region
    • Monduli District
Zaitsev A N, Avdontseva E Y, Britvin S N, Demény A, Homonnay Z, Jeffries T E, Keller J, Krivovichev V G, Markl G, Platonova N V, Siidra O I, Spratt J, Vennemann T (2013) Oxo-magnesio-hastingsite, NaCa2(Mg2Fe3+3)(Al2Si6)O22O2, a new anhydrous amphibole from the Deeti volcanic cone, Gregory rift, northern Tanzania. Mineralogical Magazine 77, 2773-2792
  • Alaska
    • Prince of Wales-Hyder Census Area
      • Ketchikan Mining District
        • Prince of Wales Island
          • Kasaan Peninsula
Econ Geol(1992) 87:185-184
  • Colorado
    • Fremont Co.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
      • McClure Mountain Complex
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckel
  • Hawaii
    • Hawaii Co.
Patrick J. Shamberger (2004) LEUCOCRATIC & GABBROIC XENOLITHS FROM HUALALAI VOLCANO, HAWAI'I. - A thesis submitted to the graduate division of the University of Hawai'i in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science in Geology and Geophysics, December 2004.
  • Nevada
    • Clark Co.
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • New York
    • Orange Co.
Marian Lupulescu (2008) Rocks and Minerals, 83, #3.
      • Town of Monroe
        • Village of Monroe
Marian Lupulescu (2008) Rocks and Minerals, 83, #3.
      • Town of Tuxedo
Marian Lupulescu (2008) Rocks and Minerals, 83, #3.
        • Tuxedo Lake
Marian Lupulescu (2008) Rocks and Minerals, 83, #3.
      • Town of Warwick
University of Arizona Mineral Museum 4231
Martins da Pedra collection
    • Rockland Co.
      • Harriman State Park
Marian Lupulescu (2008) Rocks and Minerals, 83, #3.
  • North Carolina
    • Cabarrus Co.
      • Concord
Barbara A.Olsen,Harry Y.Mcsween,Jr, American Mineralogist,Vol.68,pg 315-333,1983,Petrogenesis of the Concord gabbro-syenite complex,North Carolina,pg # 324
    • Davie Co.
McSween,Jr,Harry Y.,Sando,Thomas W.,Clark,Stephan R.,Harden,James T.,and Strange,E.Allison (1984) The Gabbro-Metagabbro Association Of The Southern Appalachian Piedmont,America Journal Of Science,Vol.284,April/May,1984,p.437-461
    • Jackson Co.
Nathan Clay Collins (2011) Geochemical Systematics Among Amphibolitic Rocks in the Central Blue Ridge Province of southwestern North Carolina: University of South Florida
    • Macon Co.
Nathan Clay Collins (2011) Geochemical Systematics Among Amphibolitic Rocks in the Central Blue Ridge Province of southwestern North Carolina:University of South Florida
Collins,Nathan Clay(2011) Geochemical Systematics among amphibolitic Rocks in the Central Blue Ridge Province of southwestern North Carolina:University of South Florida
    • Mecklenburg Co.
McSween Jr,Harry Y.,Sando,Thomas W.,Clark,Stephen R.,Harden,James T.,and Strange,E.Allison (1984) The Gabbro-MetaGabbro Association Of The Southern Appalachian Piedmont,American Journal Of Science,Vol.,284,April/May,1984,P.437-461
    • Rowan Co.
McSween,Jr,Harry Y.,Sando,Thomas W.,Clark,Stephan R.,Harden,James T and Strange,E.Allison (1984) The Gabbro-Metagabbro Association Of The Southern Appalachian Piedmont,American Journal Of Science, Vol.284,April/May,1984,p.437-461
    • Watauga Co.
      • Zionville
Anderson,Eric Douglas and Moecher, David P. (2009) Formation Of High -Pressure Metabasites In The Southern Appalachian Blue Ridge via Taconic Continental Subduction Beneath The Laurentian Margin: Tectonic Vol. 28 (5) October
  • Vermont
    • Rutland Co.
      • Shrewsbury
Woolley (1987), Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World.
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