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Pyrosmalite-(Mn)

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About Pyrosmalite-(Mn)Hide

Formula:
Mn2+8Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
Hardness:
Crystal System:
Trigonal
Name:
Originally named manganpyrosmalite by By Clifford Frondel and Lawson H. Bauer for its manganese-dominant composition relative to the original pyrosmalite. Both pyrosmalites were later given suffixes, -(Mn) or -(Fe) by the IMA to indicated cation dominance in the chemical formula
Isostructural with:
Pyrosmalite-(Fe)-Pyrosmalite-(Mn) Series.
Chemically very similar to friedelite (monoclinic-pseudorhombohedral) and mcgillite.


Classification of Pyrosmalite-(Mn)Hide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
9.EE.10

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
E : Phyllosilicates
E : Single tetrahedral nets of 6-membered rings connected by octahedral nets or octahedral bands
72.4.1a.2

72 : PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
4 : Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-, 6-, and 12-membered rings
17.3.14

17 : Silicates Containing other Anions
3 : Silicates with chloride (including aluminosilicates)

Physical Properties of Pyrosmalite-(Mn)Hide

Hardness:
4½ on Mohs scale

Optical Data of Pyrosmalite-(Mn)Hide

Type:
Uniaxial (-)
RI values:
nω = 1.680 nε = 1.640
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.040
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate

Chemical Properties of Pyrosmalite-(Mn)Hide

Formula:
Mn2+8Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
Common Impurities:
As,Zn,Mg,Ca,H20

Chemical AnalysisHide

Oxide wt%:
 1
SiO233.64 %
Al2O30.19 %
Fe2O3*0.46 %
FeO*24.24 %
MnO26.89 %
CuO0.01 %
MgO0.58 %
CaO0.03 %
SrO0.02 %
Na2O0.01 %
Cl4.27 %
H2O*7.32 %
=O-(F+Cl)-0.96 %
Total:96.7 %
Sample references:
IDLocalityReference
1Nippyo mine, Awano, Kanuma City, Tochigi, JapanFrank K. Mazdab collection (thin section FKM-190)

Crystallography of Pyrosmalite-(Mn)Hide

Crystal System:
Trigonal
Cell Parameters:
a = 13.42 Å, c = 7.16 Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 0.534
Unit Cell V:
1,116.73 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
7.16 Å(100)
3.583 Å(80)
3.419 Å(40)
2.683 Å(90)
2.251 Å(70)
1.672 Å(50)
1.523 Å(50)

Type Occurrence of Pyrosmalite-(Mn)Hide

Synonyms of Pyrosmalite-(Mn)Hide

Other Language Names for Pyrosmalite-(Mn)Hide

Relationship of Pyrosmalite-(Mn) to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
FriedeliteMn2+8Si6O15(OH,Cl)10Mon. 2/m : B2/m
Mcgillite(Mn,Fe)8Si6O15(OH)8Cl2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
Nelenite(Mn,Fe)16(Si12O30)(OH)14[As3+3O6(OH)3]Mon.
Pyrosmalite-(Fe)Fe2+8Si6O15(OH,Cl)10Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
SchalleriteMn2+16As3Si12O36(OH)17Trig. 3m : P3m1
Forms a series with:

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
2 photos of Pyrosmalite-(Mn) associated with HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
1 photo of Pyrosmalite-(Mn) associated with SpessartineMn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
1 photo of Pyrosmalite-(Mn) associated with CalciteCaCO3
1 photo of Pyrosmalite-(Mn) associated with GalenaPbS

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.EE.05BementiteMn7Si6O15(OH)8Mon.
9.EE.10BrokenhilliteMn8Si6O15(OH)10Hex. 6mm : P63mc
9.EE.10Pyrosmalite-(Fe)Fe2+8Si6O15(OH,Cl)10Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
9.EE.10FriedeliteMn2+8Si6O15(OH,Cl)10Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EE.10Mcgillite(Mn,Fe)8Si6O15(OH)8Cl2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EE.15Nelenite(Mn,Fe)16(Si12O30)(OH)14[As3+3O6(OH)3]Mon.
9.EE.15SchalleriteMn2+16As3Si12O36(OH)17Trig. 3m : P3m1
9.EE.20Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EE.20TuperssuatsiaiteNa2(Fe3+,Mn2+)3Si8O20(OH)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EE.20YofortieriteMn5Si8O20(OH)2 · 8-9H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EE.20WindhoekiteCa2Fe3+2.67[Si8O20](OH)4 · 10H2O Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EE.25Falcondoite(Ni,Mg)4Si6O15(OH)2 · 6H2OOrth.
9.EE.25LoughliniteNa2Mg3Si6O16 · 8H2OOrth.
9.EE.25SepioliteMg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnna
9.EE.25Kalifersite(K,Na)5Fe3+7Si20O50(OH)6 · 12H2OTric.
9.EE.30GyroliteNaCa16Si23AlO60(OH)8 · 14H2OTric. 1 : P1
9.EE.30OrlymaniteCa4Mn3Si8O20(OH)6 · 2H2OHex.
9.EE.30TungusiteCa4Fe2Si6O15(OH)6Tric. 1 : P1
9.EE.35Reyerite(Na,K)2Ca14(Si,Al)24O58(OH)8 · 6H2OTrig.
9.EE.35Truscottite(Ca,Mn)14Si24O58(OH)8 · 2H2OTrig.
9.EE.40NatrosiliteNa2Si2O5Mon.
9.EE.45MakatiteNa2Si4O8(OH)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
9.EE.50VarennesiteNa8Mn2Si10O25(OH,Cl)2 · 12H2OOrth.
9.EE.55RaiteNa4Mn2+3Ti0.25Si8O20(OH)2 · 10H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : C2 2 2
9.EE.60IntersiliteNa6Mn2+Ti[Si10O24(OH)](OH)3 · 4H2OMon.
9.EE.65ShafranovskiteNa3K2(Mn,Fe,Na)4[Si9(O,OH)27](OH)2 · nH2OTrig.
9.EE.65ZakharoviteNa4Mn5Si10O24(OH)6 · 6H2OTrig.
9.EE.70ZeophylliteCa13Si10O28(OH)2F8 · 6H2OTrig. 3 : R3
9.EE.75Minehillite(K,Na)2-3Ca28Zn4Al4Si40O112(OH)16Hex.
9.EE.80Fedorite(Na,K)2-3(Ca4Na3)Si16O38(OH,F)2 · 3.5H2OTric. 1 : P1
9.EE.80Martinite(Na,◻,Ca)12Ca4(Si,S,B)14B2O38(OH,Cl)2F2·4H2OTric. 1 : P1
9.EE.85Lalondeite(Na,Ca)6(Ca,Na)3Si16O38(F,OH)2·3H2OTric. 1 : P1

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

72.4.1a.1Pyrosmalite-(Fe)Fe2+8Si6O15(OH,Cl)10Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
72.4.1a.3SchalleriteMn2+16As3Si12O36(OH)17Trig. 3m : P3m1

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

17.3.1RustumiteCa10(Si2O7)2(SiO4)(OH)2Cl2Mon.
17.3.2ZunyiteAl13Si5O20(OH,F)18ClIso. 4 3m : F4 3m
17.3.3SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2Iso. 4 3m : P4 3n
17.3.4MarialiteNa4Al3Si9O24ClTet. 4/m : I4/m
17.3.5TugtupiteNa4BeAlSi4O12ClTet. 4 : I4
17.3.6EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
17.3.7AlluaiviteNa19(Ca,Mn)6(Ti,Nb)3Si26O74Cl · 2H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
17.3.8NasonitePb6Ca4(Si2O7)3Cl2Hex.
17.3.9AsisitePb7SiO9Cl2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I4/mmm
17.3.10JagoitePb18Fe3+4[Si4(Si,Fe3+)6][Pb4Si16(Si,Fe)4]O82Cl6Hex.
17.3.11FriedeliteMn2+8Si6O15(OH,Cl)10Mon. 2/m : B2/m
17.3.12Pyrosmalite-(Fe)Fe2+8Si6O15(OH,Cl)10Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
17.3.13Pyrosmalite
17.3.16Mcgillite(Mn,Fe)8Si6O15(OH)8Cl2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
17.3.17TraskiteBa21Ca(Fe2+,Mn,Ti)4(Ti,Fe,Mg)12(Si12O36)(Si2O7)6(O,OH)30Cl6·14H2O Hex.
17.3.18MuiriteBa10Ca2Mn2+Ti[HSi2O7]5(OH,Cl,F)5Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/mmm
17.3.19VerplanckiteBa2(Mn,Fe,Ti)Si2O6(O,OH,Cl,F)2 · 3H2O or nearHex.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Pyrosmalite-(Mn)Hide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Frondel, C. and L.H. Bauer (1953): Manganpyrosmalite and its polymorphic relation to friedelite and schallerite. Am. Mineral., 38, 755-760.
American Mineralogist (1956): 41: 581.
Hey, M.H. (1956): The empirical unit-cell contents of the friedelite family. American Mineralogist 41, 134-138.
Canadian Mineralogist (1983): 21: 1-6.
Canadian Mineralogist (1993): 31: 695.

Internet Links for Pyrosmalite-(Mn)Hide

Localities for Pyrosmalite-(Mn)Hide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Yancowinna Co.
      • Broken Hill district
Birch BH Book
M Willoughby collection
Domenico Preite specimen
  • South Australia
    • Eyre Peninsula
      • Middleback Range
        • Iron Knob
Minerals of Iron Monarch, Glyn L. Francis
Canada
 
  • Northwest Territories
    • Great Bear Lake
      • Port Radium District
Mark Mauthner specimen, from Ty Balacko, 19 Jan 1990; Alfredo Petrov collection.
  • Ontario
    • Thunder Bay District
      • Gemmell Township
Canadian Mineralogist 31, 695; Pan, Y., Fleet, M. E., Barnett, R. L., & Chen, Y. (1993). Pyrosmalite in Canadian Precambrian sulfide deposits; mineral chemistry, petrogenesis and significance. The Canadian Mineralogist, 31(3), 695-710.
  • Québec
    • Nord-du-Québec
      • Matagami
Canadian Mineralogist 31, 695; Pan, Y., Fleet, M. E., Barnett, R. L., & Chen, Y. (1993). Pyrosmalite in Canadian Precambrian sulfide deposits; mineral chemistry, petrogenesis and significance. The Canadian Mineralogist, 31(3), 695-710.
China
 
  • Liaoning
    • Chaoyang
      • Chaoyang Co.
Yuanming Pan, Fleet, M.E., Barnett, R.L., and Yuan Chen (1993): The Canadian Mineralogist 31, 695-710.
    • Huludao
      • Jianchang Co.
        • Bajiazi Zn-Pb-Ag deposit
Yiming Zhao, Yongguan Dong, Daxin Li, and Chengsi Bi (2003): Ore Geology Reviews 23, 153-182.
Yiming Zhao, Yongguan Dong, Daxin Li, and Chengsi Bi (2003): Ore Geology Reviews 23, 153-182.
Yiming Zhao, Yongguan Dong, Daxin Li, and Chengsi Bi (2003): Ore Geology Reviews 23, 153-182.
Yiming Zhao, Yongguan Dong, Daxin Li, and Chengsi Bi (2003): Ore Geology Reviews 23, 153-182.
France
 
  • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
    • Alpes-de-Haute-Provence
      • Saint-Paul-sur-Ubaye
        • Maljasset
Bourbon M., Fonteilles M. (1972): Présence de pyrosmalite et de rhodonite dans un horizon manganésifère oxydé du Crétacé supérieur briançonnais. Bull. Soc. fr. Minéral. cristallogr., 95, 623-624.
Japan
 
  • Iwate
    • Kunohe-gun
      • Noda-mura
Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
  • Tochigi
    • Kanuma City
      • Awano
Frank K. Mazdab collection (thin section FKM-190)
Dr. Kameki Kinoshita collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
    • Nikko City
      • Ashio-machi
Introduction to Japanese Minerals (Geological Survey of Japan, 1970); Watanabe, T. and Kato, A. (1961) Manganpyrosmalite from the Kyurazawa mine, Tochigi prefecture. Mineralogical Journal, 3, #3, 130-138.
Kato, A., Shimizu, M., Okada, Y., Komuro, Y., Takeda, K. (1994): Vanadium-bearing Spessartine and Allantie in the Manganese-iron Ore from the Odaki Orebody of the Kyurazawa Mine, Ashio Town, Tochigi Prefecture, Japan. Bull. Nat. Sci. Mus., Tokyo, Ser. C.: 20(1), 1-12
Norway
 
  • Oslo
    • Grorud
      • Bånkall
Kvamsdal, L. O. & Husdal, T. A. (2014): Pyrosmalitt-(Mn) og pyrosmalitt-(Fe) fra Norge. Stein. 41 (2), 24-25
Romania
 
Hirtopanu, P. (2006). One hundred minerals for one hundred years (dedicated to the Centennial of the Geological Institute of Romania). In 3rd Conference on Mineral Sciences in the Carpathians, Miskolc Hungary. Acta Mineralogica–Petrographica, Abstract series (Vol. 5, p. 86).
  • Suceava
    • Suceava district
      • Iacobeni (Jakobeny; Jacobeny; Jakabfalva)
http://minerals-of-the-carpathians.eu
Russia
 
  • Bashkortostan
    • Sibay
Brusnitsyn, A.I. (2006): Geology of Ore Deposits 48(3), 193-214.
Slovakia
 
  • Košice Region
    • Gelnica Co.
      • Smolník
        • Bystrý potok
Rojkovič, I. (2001): Geolines 13, 34-41.
    • Rožňava Co.
      • Rožňava (Rosenau; Rozsnyó)
        • Čučma
Koděra et all.,1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, I-III, 1590p
Sweden
 
  • Värmland County
    • Filipstad
No reference listed
      • Persberg ore district
        • Pajsberg
Nysten, P. (2004): Harstigen ett mineralogisk eldorado i Bergslagen. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift 28: 5-13
Switzerland
 
  • Grisons
    • Engadin
      • Piz Corvatsch
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 267.
Turkey
 
  • Aegean Region
    • Denizli Province
      • Kale
Öztürk, H. (1997): Ore Geology Reviews 12, 187-203.
USA (TL)
 
  • New Jersey
    • Sussex Co.
      • Franklin Mining District
        • Ogdensburg
          • Sterling Hill
Frondel, C. & Bauer, : Am.Min.:38:755-760 (1953); Parker, F. J. & Guy, R.E.: The Picking Table:31(1):6-9 (1990); Dunn(1995):Pt4:478.
 
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