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Magnesioferrite

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Formula:
MgFe23+O4
System:
Isometric
Colour:
Black, grey in reflected ...
Lustre:
Metallic, Sub-Metallic
Hardness:
5½ - 6½
Member of:
Name:
In allusion to its composition, containing both MAGNESIum and iron (Latin = FERRum).

Classification of Magnesioferrite

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
4.BB.05

4 : OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodates)
B : Metal: Oxygen = 3:4 and similar
B : With only medium-sized cations
7.2.2.1

7 : MULTIPLE OXIDES
2 : AB2X4
7.20.11

7 : Oxides and Hydroxides
20 : Oxides of Fe

Physical Properties of Magnesioferrite

Metallic, Sub-Metallic
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Opaque
Colour:
Black, grey in reflected light.
Streak:
Dark red
Hardness (Mohs):
5½ - 6½
Tenacity:
Brittle
Parting:
On {111}.
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven
Density:
4.56 - 4.65 g/cm3 (Measured)    4.51 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of Magnesioferrite

Type:
Isotropic
Type:
Isotropic

Chemical Properties of Magnesioferrite

Formula:
MgFe23+O4
Elements listed in formula:

Crystallography of Magnesioferrite

Crystal System:
Isometric
Class (H-M):
m3m (4/m 3 2/m) - Hexoctahedral
Space Group:
Fd3m
Cell Parameters:
a = 8.3866 Å
Unit Cell Volume:
V 589.87 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Morphology:
Rare crystals usually octahedral; less often with modifying {001} or {hhl}. Massive.
Twinning:
Common on {111}.

Type Occurrence of Magnesioferrite

Relationship of Magnesioferrite to other Species

Series:
Forms a series with Magnetite (see here)
Member of:
Other Members of Group:
ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Cochromite(Co,Ni,Fe)(Cr,Al)2O4
CoulsoniteFe2+V23+O4
CuprospinelCu2+Fe23+O4
Filipstadite(Sb0.5Fe0.5)Mn2O4
FrankliniteZn2+Fe23+O4
GahniteZnAl2O4
GalaxiteMn2+Al2O4
HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
JacobsiteMn2+Fe23+O4
MagnesiochromiteMgCr2O4
MagnesiocoulsoniteMgV2O4
MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
ManganochromiteMn2+Cr2O4
Nichromite(Ni,Co,Fe)(Cr,Fe,Al)2O4
Qandilite(Mg,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+,Al)O4
SpinelMgAl2O4
TrevoriteNi2+Fe23+O4
UlvöspinelFe2TiO4
VuorelaineniteMn2+V23+O4
XieiteFe2+Cr2O4
ZincochromiteZnCr2O4
4.BB.05ChromiteFe2+Cr2O4
4.BB.05CochromiteCoCr2O4
4.BB.05CoulsoniteFe2+V23+O4
4.BB.05CuprospinelCu2+Fe23+O4
4.BB.05Filipstadite(Mn2+,Mg)2(Sb5+,Fe3+)O4
4.BB.05FrankliniteZnFe23+O4
4.BB.05GahniteZnAl2O4
4.BB.05GalaxiteMn2+Al2O4
4.BB.05HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
4.BB.05JacobsiteMn2+Fe23+O4
4.BB.05ManganochromiteMn2+Cr2O4
4.BB.05MagnesiocoulsoniteMgV2O4
4.BB.05MagnesiochromiteMgCr23+O4
4.BB.05MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
4.BB.05Nichromite(Ni,Co,Fe)(Cr,Fe,Al)2O4
4.BB.05QandiliteMg2(Ti,Fe3+,Al)O4
4.BB.05SpinelMgAl2O4
4.BB.05TrevoriteNiFe23+O4
4.BB.05UlvöspinelFe22+TiO4
4.BB.05VuorelaineniteMn2+V23+O4
4.BB.05ZincochromiteZnCr2O4
4.BB.10HausmanniteMn2+Mn23+O4
4.BB.10HetaeroliteZnMn23+O4
4.BB.10HydrohetaeroliteHZnMn3+5/3O4
4.BB.10IwakiiteMn2+Fe23+O4
4.BB.15MaghemiteFe2.67O4
4.BB.15TitanomaghemiteFe(Fe,Ti)2O4
4.BB.20TegengreniteMg2(Sb,Mn)O4
4.BB.25XieiteFeCr2O4
7.20.1WüstiteFeO
7.20.2MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
7.20.3MaghemiteFe2.67O4
7.20.4HematiteFe2O3
7.20.5GoethiteFeO(OH)
7.20.6Akaganeite(Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
7.20.7FeroxyhyteFe3+O(OH)
7.20.8LepidocrociteFe3+O(OH)
7.20.9FerrihydriteFe103+O14(OH)2
7.20.10AmakiniteFe2+(OH)2
7.20.12MuskoxiteMg7Fe43+(OH)26 · H2O
7.20.13SrebrodolskiteCa2Fe23+O5
7.20.14HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
7.20.15BrownmilleriteCa2Fe3+AlO5

Other Names for Magnesioferrite

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Magnesioferrite

Reference List:
Rammelsberg, C. (1858): Über die Zusammensetzung des Titaneisens sowie der rhomboedrisch und oktaedrisch krystallisierten Eisenoxyde überhaupt. VII, Octaedrisches Eisenerz vom Vesuv. Annalen der Physik und Chemie, Vol. 180/F2-104, 497-552.

Rammelsberg, C. (1859): Über den sogenannten octaedrischen Eisenglanz vom Vesuv und über die Bildung von Magneteisen durch Sublimation. Annalen der Physik und Chemie, Vol. 183/F2-107, 451-455.

Kenngott (1859), Ueb.: 98.

Kenngott (1860): 96.

Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 698-707.

Mao, H.K., & P.M. Bell (1974), High-pressure transformation in magnesioferrite (MgFe2O4). Carnegie Institution of Washington Year Book: 75: 555-557.

Mao, H.K., D. Virgo, & P.M. Bell (1977), High-pressure 57Fe Mössbauer data on the phase and magnetic transitions of magnesioferrite (MgFe2O4), magnetite (Fe3O4), and hematite (Fe2O3). Carnegie Instsitution of Washington Year Book: 76: 522-525.

Arkiv för Kemi, Mineralogi och Geologi: 5(1): 1-10.

O'Neill, H. St.C, H. Annersten, & D. Virgo (1992): The temperature dependence of the cation distribution in magnesioferrite (MgFe2O4) from powder XRD structural refinements and Mössbauer spectroscopy: American Mineralogist: 77: 725-740.

Sokolova, E. V.; Pushcharovskii, D. Yu.; Chesnokov, B. V. (1993): Crystal structure of tectonogenic magnesioferrite. Kristallografiya 38, 233-235.

O'Neill, H.St.C. (1994) Kinetics of cation order-disorder in MgFe2O4 spinel European Science Foundation Program on Kinetic Processes in Minerals and Ceramics, Proceedings of the Workshop on Kinetics of Caton Ordering, Cambridge, England.

Harrison, R.J. and Putnis, A. (1999) Determination of the mechanism of cation ordering in magnesioferrite (MgFe2O4) from the time- and temperature-dependence of magnetic susceptibility. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals: 26: 322-332.

Andrault, D., & Bolfan-Casanova, N. (2001), High-pressure phase transformation in the MgFe2O4 and Fe2O3-MgSiO3 systems: Physics and Chemistry of Minerals: 28: 211-217.

Andreozzi, G.B., Halenius, U., and Skogby, H. (2001) Spectroscopic active IVFe 3+-VIFe 3+ clusters in spinel-magnesioferrite solid solution crystals: a potential monitor for ordering in oxide spinels. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals: 28: 435-444.

Wang, Z., P. Lazor, S.K. Saxena, & H.St.C O'Neill (2002), High pressure Raman spectroscopy of ferrite MgFe2O4. Materials Research Bulletin: 37: 1589-1602.

Antao, S.M., Hassan, L., and Parise, J.B. (2005) Cation ordering in magnesioferrite MgFe2O4, to 982° C using in situ synchrotron X-ray powder diffraction. American Mineralogist: 90: 219-228.

Winell, Sofia, Hans Anmnersten, & Vitali Prakapenka (2006), The high-pressure phase transformation and breakdown of MgFe2O4: American Mineralogist: 91: 560-567.

Internet Links for Magnesioferrite

mindat.org URL:
https://www.mindat.org/min-2501.html
Please feel free to link to this page.

Localities for Magnesioferrite

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Afghanistan
 
  • Panjsher Province (Panjsheer Province; Panjshir Province; Panjsher Valley; Panjshir Valley)
    • Khinj District
Merkel, S., Bräutigam, B., Klein, S., & Hauptmann, A. (2013). The Analysis of Slag from the Panjhır Mining Region, Afghanistan: An Investigation of (Medieval) Silver Production Technology. Archäologische Mitteilungen, 45, 231-250.
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Millstatt lake ridge
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
  • Styria
    • Bad Gleichenberg
      • Wilhelmsdorf
Postl, W. & Bernhard, F. (2011
    • Bad Radkersburg
      • Klöch
"Aus der Tiefe der Vulkane", Fritz-Jandl-Postl (2011)
    • Frohnleiten
      • Kirchdorf
Kolitsch, U. & Brandstätter, F. (2009): 1608) Magensioferrit, Pyroaurit und Tochilinit vom Kirchdorftunnel der Brucker Schnellstraße, Steiermark. P. 226-227 in: Niedermayr, G. et al. (2009): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LVIII. Carinthia II, 199/119, 189-236.
Bolivia
 
  • Cochabamba Department
    • Chapare Province
Alfredo Petrov collection. XRD by Dr. Jaroslav Hyrsl (Karlovy University, Prague); Sp. Gr.
Brazil
 
  • Mato Grosso
    • Juína
      • Sorriso river
Kaminsky, F. V., Wirth, R., & Schreiber, A. (2015). A microinclusion of lower-mantle rock and other mineral and nitrogen lower-mantle inclusions in a diamond. The Canadian Mineralogist, 53(1), 83-104.; Kaminsky, F. V., Ryabchikov, I. D., & Wirth, R. (2015). A primary natrocarbonatitic association in the Deep Earth. Mineralogy and Petrology, 1-12.
Canada
 
  • Ontario
    • Prince Edward Co.
      • Sophiasburgh Township
Canadian Mineralogist: 23: 213-220
  • Québec
    • Laurentides
      • Deux-Montagnes RCM
        • Oka
GOLD, D.P., EBY, G.N. & VALLEÉ, M. (1986) Carbonatites, diatremes and ultra-alkaline rocks in the Oka area. Fieldtrip guidebook 21, GAC/MAC Meeting, Ottawa, 51p.
  • Yukon
    • Whitehorse Mining District
      • Carcross
        • Tagish Lake
Geological Association of Canada (2014) Abstracts Fredericton Vol 37
China
 
  • Anhui Province
    • Bozhou Prefecture
      • Qiaocheng District
        • Xiaoyanzhuang
Kuiren Wang (1987): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 7(2), 107-112
    • Huaibei Prefecture
      • Suixi Co.
        • Sanpu ore field
Yiming Zhao, Yinan Zhang, Chengsi Bi, and Lihe Guo (1998): Acta Geologica Sinica (English Edition) 72(4), 382-391; Yiming Zhao, Yinan Zhang, and Chengsi Bi (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 14, 227-249; Yiming Zhao, Yinan Zhang, Chengsi Bi, Kaijian Tang, and Qingan Sun (1999): Mineral Deposits 18(1), 1-10
Yiming Zhao and Daxin Li (2003): Mineral Deposits 22(4), 345-359
  • Hebei Province
    • Chengde Prefecture
      • Chengde Co.
        • Damiao complex
Jing Sun, Weihe Du, Dezhong Wang, Jian Li, Guoxin Xu, and Yuchou Han (2009): Acta Geologica Sinica 83(9), 1344-1364
    • Handan Prefecture
      • Wu'an Co.
Jianmin Zheng, Jingwen Mao, Maohong Chen, Guangdong Li, and Changyong Ban (2007): Geological Bulletin of China 26(2), 150-154
  • Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region
    • Baotou League (Baotou Prefecture)
      • Bayan Obo Mining District
        • Bayan Obo
          • Bayan Obo deposit (Bayun-Obo deposit; Baiyunebo deposit)
Hongrui Fan, Yihan Xie, and Kaiyi Wang (2002): Mineral Deposits 21(suppl.), 808-811
  • Shaanxi Province
    • Shangluo Prefecture
      • Luonan Co.
Yiming Zhao, Yinan Zhang, Chengsi Bi, and Lihe Guo (1998): Acta Geologica Sinica (English Edition) 72(4), 382-391
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Ústí Region
      • Bílina (Bilin)
Řehoř M, Novák V.: Nálezy magnezioferitu v oblasti mostecké pánve. Minerál, 2010, 18, 1, 72-74.
      • Duchcov (Dux)
Žáček V., Skála R., Chlupáčová M., Dvořák Z. 2005: Ca-Fe3+-rich, Si-undersaturated buchite from Želénky, North-Bohemian Brown Coal Basin, Czech Republic. Eur. J. Mineral., 17, 623-633
      • Kadaň (Kaaden)
        • Tušimice
Řehoř M, Novák V.: Nálezy magnezioferitu v oblasti mostecké pánve. Minerál, 2010, 18, 1, 72-74.
      • Most
Žáček V, Skála R., Dvořák Z.: Spinelidy v pyrometamorfovaných horninách Mostecké pánve. Minerál, 2010, 18, 1, 21-31.
Řehoř M, Novák V.: Nálezy magnezioferitu v oblasti mostecké pánve. Minerál, 2010, 18, 1, 72-74.
  • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
    • South Moravia Region
      • Oslavany
Hršelová, P., Cempírek, J., Houzar, S., Sejkora, J. (2013): S,F,Cl-rich mineral assemblages from burned spoil heaps in the Rosice-Oslavany coalfield, Czech Republic. Can. Mineral.: 51(1): 171-188
France
 
  • Occitanie
    • Aveyron
Eytier J.R. & Ch., Favreau G., Devouard B., Vigier J. (2004), Minéraux de pyrométamorphisme de Lapanouse-de Sévérac (Aveyron), Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°85, pp: 3-58
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Kaiserstuhl
      • Schelingen
        • Orberg - Badberg area
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Eifel
      • Andernach
        • Nickenich
Blass, G., Graf, HW., Neufunde von bekannten Fundorten (VIII), Mineralien-Welt 5/1993
Hand Egon Künzel, Günter Blaß, Willi Schüller (2011) Mineralien - Bomben - Grottensteine: Der Nickenicher Weinberg. Lapis, 36, #7-8, 55-66
      • Daun
        • Üdersdorf
Blaß, G. & Kruijen, F. (2014): Die Neuigkeiten aus der Vulkaneifel (2/14). Mineralien-Welt 25 (5), 62-75 (in German).
      • Mayen
        • Ettringen
          • Bellerberg volcano
[Blass, G., Graf, H.W., Neue Mineralienfunde aus der Eifel und dem Siegerland, Mineralien-Welt 10/3, 23, 1999] [A. Wittern: Mineralfundorte in Deutschland, Schweizerbart (Stuttgart), 2001]
Galuskin, E.V., Krüger, B., Krüger, H., Blass, G., Widmer, R., Galuskina, I.O. (2016): Wernerkrauseite, CaFe3+2Mn4+O6 - the first non-stoichiometric post-spinel mineral, from Bellerberg volcano, Eifel, Germany. European Journal of Mineralogy, 28, 485-493
Sharygin, V. V. (2012). Mineralogy of metacarbonate xenolith from alkali basalt, E. Eifel, Germany. In Ore Potential of Alkaline, Kimberlite and Carbonatite Magmatism. Book of Abstracts, XXIX International Conference. Training Program: Alkaline Magmatism of the Earth, Sudak-Moscow, ONTI GEOCHI RAS (pp. 156-158).
      • Polch
        • Ochtendung
ko jansen
  • Schleswig-Holstein
    • Kiel
Ramdohr, P. (1973). The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
  • Thuringia
    • Gera
      • Ronneburg U deposit
T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
Israel
 
  • Negev
Sharygin, V.V., Sokol, E.V. & Vapnik, Ye. (2008): Minerals of the pseudobinary perovskite-brownmillerite series from combustion metamorphic larnite rocks of the Hatrurim Formation (Israel). Russian Geology and Geophysics 49, 709-726.
Gross, S. (1977): The Mineralogy of the Hatrurim Formation, Israel. Geological Survey of Israel, Bulletin no. 70, 80 pp.
Sokol, E.V., Seryotkin, Y.V., Kokh, S.N., Vapnik, Ye., Nigmatulina, E.N., Goryainov, S.V., Belogub, E.V., Sharygin, V.V. (2015): Flamite, (Ca,Na,K)2(Si,P)O4, a new mineral from ultrahigh-temperature combustion metamorphic rocks, Hatrurim Basin, Negev Desert, Israel. Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 583-596.
  • Southern District (HaDarom District)
Galuskin, E.V., Galuskina, I.O., Gfeller, F., Krüger, B., Kusz, J., Vapnik, Y., Dulski, M., Dzierżanowski, P. (2016): Silicocarnotite, Ca5[(SiO4)(PO4)](PO4), a new ‘old’ mineral from the Negev Desert, Israel, and the ternesite-silicocarnotite solid solution: indicators of high-temperature alteration of pyrometamorphic rocks of the Hatrurim Complex, Southern Levant. European Journal of Mineralogy: 28: 105-12.
Galuskin, E.V., Galuskina, I.O., Gfeller, F., Krüger, B., Kusz, J., Vapnik, Y., Dulski, M., Dzierżanowski, P. (2016): Silicocarnotite, Ca5[(SiO4)(PO4)](PO4), a new ‘old’ mineral from the Negev Desert, Israel, and the ternesite-silicocarnotite solid solution: indicators of high-temperature alteration of pyrometamorphic rocks of the Hatrurim Complex, Southern Levant. European Journal of Mineralogy: 28: 105-12.
Italy
 
  • Campania
    • Naples Province
      • Somma-Vesuvius Complex
        • Monte Somma
          • Sant'Anastasia
AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work.
Rammelsberg, C. (1858): Über die Zusammensetzung des Titaneisens sowie der rhomboedrisch und oktaedrisch krystallisierten Eisenoxyde überhaupt, VII Octaedrisches Eisenerz vom Vesuv, Annalen der Physik und Chemie, Vol. 180/F2-104, 497-552.
          • Torre del Greco
Russo, M. (2003): Mineralogia Vesuviana - Villa Inglese. Micro (località), 2003, 1-10
  • Latium
    • Rome Province
      • Alban Hills
        • Marino
AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work.
      • Rome
Bachechi F., Federico M., Fornaseri M. (1966) - Prima segnalazione di ludwigite e di magnesioferrite nelle geodi delle "pozzolane nere" di Corcolle (regione vulcanica dei Colli Albani). Periodico di Mineralogia – Roma p. 717. ; Bachechi F., Federico M., Fornaseri M. (1966) - La ludwigite e i minerali che l'accompagnano nelle geodi delle "pozzolane nere" di Corcolle (Tivoli, Colli Albani). Periodico di Mineralogia – Roma pp. 975-1022., AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work.
  • Sicily
    • Catania Province
      • Etna Volcanic Complex
AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work.
    • Messina Province
      • Eolie Islands (Aeolian Islands)
        • Lipari
AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work.
MONTRASIO A., SCIESA E., VIGNOLA P. (1996) – Collezionare minerali – Hobby & Work, Ed., Milano, 800 pp.
Campostrini, I., Demartin, F., Gramaccioli, C.M., Russo, M. (2011): Vulcano - Tre secoli di mineralogia. AMI-Associazione Micromineralogica Italiana, Cremona, Italy, 344 pp.
  • Umbria
    • Perugia Province
      • Spoleto
Stoppa F., Sharygin V.V., 2009. Melilitolite intrusion and pelite digestion by high temperature kamafugitic magma at Colle Fabbri, Spoleto, Italy. Lithos, 112, 306-320.
    • Terni Province
      • San Venanzo
Sharygin probeb
Japan
 
  • Hokkaido
    • Shiribeshi Province
Nagata (1982) Ganseki-Koubutsu-Koshogaku Zasshi, 77, 23-31.
Kenya
 
  • Nandi District
A. N. Zaitsev, T. Wenzel, T. Vennemann and G. Markl (2013): Tinderet volcano, Kenya: an altered natrocarbonatite locality? Mineralogical Magazine 77, 213-226.
Netherlands
 
  • Limburg
    • Kerkrade
Norway
 
  • Buskerud
    • Modum
      • Snarum
Jøsang, O.(1966): Geologiske og petrologiske undersøkelser i Modumfeltet. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse nr 235, 91-97
Palestine
 
  • West Bank
    • Hatrurim Formation
Galuskina, I.O., Vapnik Ye., Lazic B., Armbruster T., Murashko M. and Galuskin E. Harmunite CaFe2O4: A new mineral from the Jabel Harmun, West Bank, Palestinian Autonomy, Israel. American Mineralogist, 99, 965–975.
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
    • Kłodzko District
      • Nowa Ruda (Neurode)
        • Przygórze
Kruszewski, Ł., Ciesielczuk, J., Misz-Kennan, M. (2012): What have meteorites to do with coal fires? A case of Upper and Lower Silesian Basins. Mineralogia Special Papers 40: 28-30
    • Ząbkowice District
      • Ząbkowice (Frankenstein)
Sachanbiński et al. 2000: Heavy minerals in the serpentinite weathering cover of the Szklary massif. Geologia Sudetica, vol. 33, pp. 131-141.
  • Małopolskie
    • Chrzanów District
      • Trzebinia
        • Trzebinia smelting plant
Włodyka, R., Gawęda, A., Warchulski, R. (2015): Metallurgical slags from the “Trzebinia” smelting plant, Poland. Mineralogia Special Papers: 44: 108-109
  • Upper Silesia (Śląskie)
    • Upper Silesian Coal Basin
      • Katowice area
Kruszewski, Ł., Ciesielczuk, J., Misz-Kennan, M. (2012): What have meteorites to do with coal fires? A case of Upper and Lower Silesian Basins. Mineralogia Special Papers 40: 28-30
    • Zawiercie District
Koszowska E., Salata D. 2001: Minerals of the hydrotalcite group in metasomatically altered carbonate rocks from Zawiercie, S Poland. Mineralogia Polonica, vol. 32, no 1, 69-84
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Prebaikalia (Pribaikal'e)
      • Irkutskaya Oblast'
        • Zheleznogorsk
Mazurov, M.P., Grishina, S.N., Istomin, V.E., and Titov, A.T. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(4), 271-284.
  • Far-Eastern Region
    • Primorskiy Kray
      • Kavalerovo Mining District
[MinRec 32:8]
  • Northern Caucasus Region
    • Kabardino-Balkarian Republic
      • Baksan Valley
        • Upper Chegem volcanic caldera (Verkhnechegemskaya caldera)
          • Lakargi Mt.
Galuskina, I., Galuskin, E.V., Dzieržanowski, P., Gazeev, V., Prusik, K., Pertsev, N., Winiarski, A., Zadov, A., Wrzalik, R. (2010): Toturite Ca3Sn2Fe2SiO12 - a new mineral species of the garnet group. American Mineralogist, 95, 1305-1311
  • Urals Region
    • Southern Urals
      • Chelyabinsk Oblast'
        • Chelyabinsk coal basin
Zateeva, S. N., Sokol, E. V., & Sharygin, V. V. (2007). Specificity of pyrometamorphic minerals of the ellestadite group. Geology of Ore Deposits, 49(8), 792-805.
Cesnokov, B., M. Kotrly, and T. Nisanbajev (1998): Brennende Abraumhalden und Aufschlüsse im Tscheljabinsker Kohlenbecken - eine reiche Mineralienküche. Mineralien-Welt, 9 (3), 54-63 (in German).
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Cesnokov, B., M. Kotrly, and T. Nisanbajev (1998): Brennende Abraumhalden und Aufschlüsse im Tscheljabinsker Kohlenbecken - eine reiche Mineralienküche. Mineralien-Welt, 9 (3), 54-63 (in German).
        • Zlatoust
          • Nazyamskie Mts
Joe Cilen
Slovakia
 
  • Prešov Region
    • Prešov Co.
Duda et. all.,1981:Minerály severnej časti Slanských vrchov. Min.Slovca,Monografia 2,Bratislava, 98 p
    • Vranov nad Topľou Co.
Ďuďa,R., et al., 1981: Mineralógia severnej časti Slanských vrchov. Min.Slovaca, Monografia 2, 98s
Sweden
 
  • Värmland
    • Filipstad
Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
      • Nordmark district
        • Jakobsberg ore field
AmMin 80, 1065
Tanzania
 
  • Arusha Region
Zaitsev, A. N. (2010). Nyerereite from calcite carbonatite at the Kerimasi volcano, northern Tanzania. Geology of Ore Deposits, 52(7), 630-640.
Ukraine
 
  • Donetsk (Donets'k) Oblast'
Semenenko, VP, Samoilovich, LG & Tertichnaya, BV (1986) Two types of metal particle in the Bachmut (L6) chondritic meteorite. Mineralogical Magazine 50, 317-322. (June 1986).
USA
 
  • California
    • Riverside Co.
      • Crestmore
        • Crestmore quarries
          • Sky Blue Hill
Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 150.
    • San Benito Co.
      • Diablo Range
        • New Idria District
          • San Benito River headwaters area
            • Dallas Gem Mine area
Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 247.
  • Hawaii
    • Hawaii Co. (Hawaii Island)
Hon, K., Bove, D.J., Lee, L., and Thornber, C., 2009, The origin and zonation of sublimates and precipitates in active Hawaiian lava tubes: Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 41, no. 7, p.193.
  • Idaho
    • Lemhi Co.
      • Spring Mountain District
        • Quartzite Canyon
Ream, Lanny R. 2004. Idaho Minerals, 2nd edition, Revised and Updated
  • New Mexico
    • Catron Co.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
  • North Carolina
    • Jackson Co.
Hendl,R.A and Pendergast,W.L (1934) Olivine As A Refractory; U.S Department Of Commerce,Bureau Of Standards Research Paper RP645
    • Yancey Co.
      • Day Book
Smithsonian Institution Mineral Reference Collection No. 165708-00,165703-00 and 165712-00.
  • South Carolina
    • Aiken Co.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    • Anderson Co.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    • Beaufort Co.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    • Laurens Co.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    • Spartanburg Co.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
  • Utah
    • Summit Co.
      • Wasatch Mts
        • Park City District (Uinta District)
          • Ontario Mine
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
    • Wasatch Co.
      • Blue Ledge District (Bald Mountain)
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
  • Virginia
    • Smyth Co.
Minerals of Virginia, 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
  • Wyoming
    • Johnson Co.
      • Buffalo
AmMin 72:137
Mineral and/or Locality  
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