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Axinite-(Mn)

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About Axinite-(Mn)Hide

Formula:
Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
Colour:
Brown, golden-yellow
Lustre:
Vitreous, Sub-Vitreous
Hardness:
6½ - 7
Specific Gravity:
3.306 - 3.358
Crystal System:
Triclinic
Member of:
Name:
The iron-rich mineral was named axinite in 1797 by Rene Just Haüy from the Greek αξίνα ("axina") for "axe", in allusion to the common habit of its crystals. Manganese-dominant axinite chemical analyses were reported by Frederick A. Genth in 1891, who noted that Franklin, New Jersey axinite had the highest known manganese contents. Robert Mauzelius also found manganese-dominant axinite in 1895. Manganaxinite was named by Waldemar T. Schaller in 1909 and mangaxinit was used by J. Fromme in 1909, both mentioning Franklin, New Jersey. Manganoaxinite was used by Schaller in 1911, but Schaller did not provide a species description as his research material was "destroyed by fire." Manganaxinite was used by Gregori Aminoff in 1919 when referring to specimens from Franklin, New Jersey, USA and a complete species description was finally made by Charles Palache in 1929 and was expanded by Palache (1935), both based on Franklin, New Jersey specimens. Renamed with suffix "-(Mn)" by IMA in 2007.

Classification of Axinite-(Mn)Hide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
IMA status notes:
Renamed by the IMA
Approval history:
Renamed by the CNMNC IMA in 2007 from manganaxinite to Axinite-(Mn) (IMA 07-C).
9.BD.20

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
B : Sorosilicates
D : Si2O7 groups, with additional anions; cations in tetrahedral [4] and greater coordination
56.2.2.3

56 : SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
2 : Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
17.5.40

17 : Silicates Containing other Anions
5 : Borosilicates

Physical Properties of Axinite-(Mn)Hide

Vitreous, Sub-Vitreous
Transparency:
Transparent, Translucent
Colour:
Brown, golden-yellow
Streak:
White
Hardness:
6½ - 7 on Mohs scale
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Distinct/Good
{100} good, {001}, {110}, and {011} poor
Density:
3.306 - 3.358 g/cm3 (Measured)    3.31 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of Axinite-(Mn)Hide

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.672 - 1.693 nβ = 1.677 - 1.701 nγ = 1.681 - 1.704
2V:
Measured: 69° to 87°, Calculated: 62° to 82°
Birefringence:
0.01
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.009 - 0.011
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
High
Dispersion:
strong
Optical Extinction:
0.010
Pleochroism:
Visible
Comments:
yellow-colorless to amber-pale yellow

Chemical Properties of Axinite-(Mn)Hide

Formula:
Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
IMA Formula:
Ca4Mn2+2Al4[B2Si8O30](OH)2
Common Impurities:
Ti,Fe,Mg,Na,K,H2O

Crystallography of Axinite-(Mn)Hide

Crystal System:
Triclinic
Class (H-M):
1 - Pinacoidal
Space Group:
P1
Setting:
P1
Cell Parameters:
a = 7.161 Å, b = 9.190 Å, c = 8.978 Å
α = 88.26°, β = 82.8°, γ = 77.26°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.779 : 1 : 0.977
Unit Cell V:
571.75 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
2
Morphology:
Bladed crystals, also compact granular

Crystal StructureHide

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IDSpeciesReferenceLinkYearLocalityPressure (GPa)Temp (K)
0003659Axinite-(Mn)Andreozzi G B, Lucchesi S, Graziani G, Russo U (2004) Site distribution of Fe2+ and Fe3+ in axinite mineral group: New crystal-chemical formula Sample 47 American Mineralogist 89 1763-177120040293
0012354Axinite-(Mn)Belokoneva E L, Pletnev P A, Spiridonov E M (1997) Crystal structure of low-manganese tinzenite (severginite) Crystallography Reports 42 934-9371997Tungatarovskoe manganese deposit, Izhevsk, Udmurt Republic, Russia0293
CIF Raw Data - click here to close

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
6.31 Å(20)
6.16 Å(5)
5.86 Å(3)
4.54 Å(5)
3.69 Å(14)
3.47 Å(70)
3.44 Å(15)
3.28 Å(9)
3.16 Å(100)
3.08 Å(5)
3.02 Å(9)
2.994 Å(10)
2.967 Å(14)
2.937 Å(8)
2.891 Å(18)
2.810 Å(50)
2.793 Å(4)
2.755 Å(5)
2.667 Å(9)
2.652 Å(5)
2.578 Å(8)
2.565 Å(7)
2.476 Å(6)
2.439 Å(9)
2.418 Å(10)
2.400 Å(3)
2.366 Å(8)
2.263 Å(4)
2.206 Å(7)
2.189 Å(16)
2.164 Å(7)
2.159 Å(6)
2.129 Å(8)
2.065 Å(10)
2.061 Å(8)
2.035 Å(6)
2.002 Å(11)
1.993 Å(9)
1.955 Å(6)
1.925 Å(9)
1.789 Å(4)
1.784 Å(4)
1.719 Å(4)
1.702 Å(7)
1.675 Å(3)
1.664 Å(3)
1.653 Å(4)
1.634 Å(8)
1.622 Å(4)
1.597 Å(4)
Comments:
ICDD 27-84 (Babbitt, Minnesota, USA)

Type Occurrence of Axinite-(Mn)Hide

General Appearance of Type Material:
Yellow bladed crystals and yellow granular masses
Geological Setting of Type Material:
Zinc-Iron polymetalic metamorphosed deposit hosted by marble
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Synonyms of Axinite-(Mn)Hide

Other Language Names for Axinite-(Mn)Hide

Relationship of Axinite-(Mn) to other SpeciesHide

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OHTric. 1 : P1
Axinite-(Mg)Ca2MgAl2BSi4O15OHTric.
TinzeniteCa2Mn2+4Al4[B2Si8O30](OH)2Tric.
Forms a series with:

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
37 photos of Axinite-(Mn) associated with WillemiteZn2SiO4
26 photos of Axinite-(Mn) associated with AndraditeCa3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
25 photos of Axinite-(Mn) associated with RhodoniteCaMn3Mn[Si5O15]
18 photos of Axinite-(Mn) associated with Hancockite{CaPb}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
17 photos of Axinite-(Mn) associated with HendricksiteKZn3(Si3Al)O10(OH)2
15 photos of Axinite-(Mn) associated with ClinohedriteCaZn(SiO4) · H2O
13 photos of Axinite-(Mn) associated with JohannseniteCaMn2+Si2O6
13 photos of Axinite-(Mn) associated with MargarosanitePb(Ca,Mn2+)2(Si3O9)
12 photos of Axinite-(Mn) associated with CahniteCa2[B(OH)4](AsO4)
8 photos of Axinite-(Mn) associated with CalciteCaCO3

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.BD.05BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2Orth. mm2 : Cmc21
9.BD.10HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2OOrth. mm2 : Imm2
9.BD.15JunitoiteCaZn2Si2O7 · H2OOrth. mm2
9.BD.20Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OHTric. 1 : P1
9.BD.20Axinite-(Mg)Ca2MgAl2BSi4O15OHTric.
9.BD.20TinzeniteCa2Mn2+4Al4[B2Si8O30](OH)2Tric.
9.BD.25VistepiteSnMn4B2Si4O16(OH)2Tric. 1
9.BD.30BoralsiliteAl16B6O30(Si2O7)Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.BD.35Werdingite(Mg,Fe)2Al14Si4B4O37Tric.

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

56.2.2.1Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OHTric. 1 : P1
56.2.2.2Axinite-(Mg)Ca2MgAl2BSi4O15OHTric.
56.2.2.4TinzeniteCa2Mn2+4Al4[B2Si8O30](OH)2Tric.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

17.5.1ManandoniteLi2Al4(Si2AlB)O10(OH)8Orth.
17.5.2ReedmergneriteNaBSi3O8Tric.
17.5.3SearlesiteNa(H2BSi2O7)Mon. 2 : P21
17.5.4OleniteNa(Al3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3O3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
17.5.5ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
17.5.6KalborsiteK6Al4BSi6O20(OH)4ClTet.
17.5.7BoromuscoviteKAl2(BSi3O10)(OH)2Mon.
17.5.8PoudretteiteKNa2B3Si12O30Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P6/mcc
17.5.9LiddicoatiteCa(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
17.5.10DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
17.5.11DanburiteCaB2Si2O8Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
17.5.12HowliteCa2B5SiO9(OH)5Mon. 2/m : P21/b
17.5.13BakeriteCa4(H5B5Si3O20)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
17.5.14OyeliteCa10Si8B2O29 · 12.5H2OOrth.
17.5.15KornerupineMg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
17.5.16HarkeriteCa12Mg4Al(BO3)3(SiO4)4(CO3)5 · H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
17.5.17SerendibiteCa4[Mg6Al6]O4[Si6B3Al3O36]Tric. 1 : P1
17.5.18Stillwellite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca)BSiO5Trig. 3 : P31
17.5.19Tadzhikite-(Ce)Ca4Ce3+2Ti◻(B4Si4O22)(OH)2Mon.
17.5.20Melanocerite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4,BO4)3(OH,0)Hex.
17.5.21Okanoganite-(Y)(Na,Ca)3(Y,Ce)12Si6B2O27F14Trig. 3m : R3m
17.5.22Tritomite-(Ce)Ce5(SiO4,BO4)3(OH,O)
17.5.23Tritomite-(Y)Y5(SiO4,BO4)3(O,OH,F)
17.5.24Cappelenite-(Y)Ba(Y,Ce)6Si3B6O24F2Trig. 3 : P3
17.5.25Dumortierite(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
17.5.26Holtite(Ta0.60.4)Al6BSi3O18(O,OH)2.25Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
17.5.27DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
17.5.28 FerridraviteNaFe3+3(Mg2Fe3+4)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
17.5.29Axinite-(Mg)Ca2MgAl2BSi4O15OHTric.
17.5.30Fluor-uvite-Uvite Series
17.5.31GarrelsiteBa3NaSi2B7O16(OH)4Mon.
17.5.32TienshaniteKNa3Na6Ca2Ba6Mn6(Ti4+,Nb)6B12Si36O114(O,OH,F)11Hex. 6/m : P6/m
17.5.33LeucospheniteBaNa4Ti2B2Si10O30Mon.
17.5.34TaramelliteBa4(Fe3+,Ti,Fe2+,Mg)4(B2Si8O27)O2ClxOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmn
17.5.35TitantaramelliteBa4(Ti,Fe3+,Fe2+,Mg)4(B2Si8O27)O2ClxOrth.
17.5.36NagashimaliteBa4(V,Ti)4B2Si8O27(O,OH)2ClOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmn
17.5.37Chromium-draviteNa(Mg3)Cr3+6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
17.5.38WawayandaiteCa6Mn2BBe9Si6O23(OH,Cl)15Mon.
17.5.39Werdingite(Mg,Fe)2Al14Si4B4O37Tric.
17.5.41AxiniteTric.
17.5.42TinzeniteCa2Mn2+4Al4[B2Si8O30](OH)2Tric.
17.5.44SchorlNa(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
17.5.45Fluor-buergeriteNa(Fe3+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3O3FTrig. 3m : R3m
17.5.46FeruviteCa(Fe2+)3MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
17.5.47Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OHTric. 1 : P1
17.5.48HomiliteCa2(Fe2+,Mg)B2Si2O10Mon. 2/m : P21/b
17.5.49Grandidierite(Mg,Fe2+)(Al,Fe3+)3(SiO4)(BO3)O2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
17.5.50Hyalotekite(Ba,Pb,K)4(Ca,Y)2(B,Be)2(Si,B)2Si8O28(F,Cl)Tric. 1 : P1
17.5.51Hellandite-(Y)(Ca,REE)4Y2Al◻2(B4Si4O22) (OH)2Mon.

Fluorescence of Axinite-(Mn)Hide

Magenta-red (SW UV) (Franklin, NJ massive material only).

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Axinite-(Mn)Hide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Genth, Frederick A., Penfield, Samuel L., and Pirsson, Louis V. (1891) Contibutions to Mineralogy, No. 50, with Crystallographic Notes, American Jpournal of Science, series three, v. 41, p. 394-400.
Cleve,Per Theodor (1895) Geologisk Fohrenstock Forhandlingar, v. 17, p. 279.
Sjögren, H. (1895) Preliminära meddelanden om några undersökningar på svenska mineral: Axinite analyses by Mauzelius of varieties from Nordmark and Daunetnora and discussion of composition. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar: 17: 279.
Schaller, Waldemar T. (1911)
Fromme, J. (1909) Chemisch-mineralogische notizen aus dem Radautale. Tschermaks Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen 28, 305-328.
Aminoff, Gustav (1919) [Mineralogical Studies on Material from Sjögren's Mineral Collection]. Arkiv. Kemi. Min. Geol.: 7 (17): 1-58.
Palache, Charles (1929) Paragenetic Classification of the Minerals of Franklin, New Jersey. American Mineralogist: 14: 1-18.
Sanero, E. and Gottardi, G. (1968) Nomenclature and crystal-chemistry of axinites. American Mineralogist: 53: 1407-1411.
Grew, Edward S., and Anovitz, L. M. (1996) BORON: Mineralogy, Petrology and Geochemistry, second edition, as revised (2002).
Zagorsky, V. Ye., Peretyazhko, I. S., Dmitrieva, A. S. (2016): Axinite-(Mn) from miarolitic granitic pegmatites of the Malkhan gem-tourmaline deposit (Transbaikalia, Russia): composition, paragenesis and formation conditions. European Journal of Mineralogy, 28, 811-824.

Internet Links for Axinite-(Mn)Hide

Localities for Axinite-(Mn)Hide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Yancowinna Co.
      • Broken Hill district
Worner, H.K., Mitchell, R.W., eds. Birch, W.D. (et al) (1982) Minerals of Broken Hill. Australian Mining & Smelting Limited, Melbourne, 259 pages.
Trevor Dart collection
  • Tasmania
    • West Coast municipality
      • Zeehan district
R Bottrill, unpublished data.
  • Victoria
    • East Gippsland Shire
      • Benambra
Henry, D.A., Birch, W.D. & MacRae, C.M. (2005): Manganaxinite from Pyle's limestone near Benambra, and ferroaxinite from Corop, Victoria. Australian Journal of Mineralogy 11, 27-33.
Canada
 
  • Nunavut
    • Itchen Lake
      • Izok Lake
Hicken, A.K., McClenaghan, M.B., Layton-Matthews, D., Paulen, R.C., Averill, S.A. and Crabtree, D. (2013) Indicator mineral signatures of the Izok Lake Zn-Cu-Pb-Agvolcanogenic
  • Ontario
    • Hastings County
Dana's New Mineralogy
Finland
 
  • Tavastia Proper
    • Forssa
Ilkka Mikkola data. Identified with XRD and microprobe (WDS).
France
 
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Isère
      • Grenoble
        • Saint-Christophe-en-Oisans
Gautron, L. and Meisser, N. (2001). Prehnite from La Combe de la Selle, Saint Christophe en Oisans - Isère - France. Mineralogical Record, 32 (3), 223-232.
  • Occitanie
    • Hautes-Pyrénées
      • Argelès-Gazost
Gaine, R., Skinner, C., Foord, E., Mason, B., Rosenzweig, A., and King, V., , 1997, The System of Mineralogy, eighth edition.
Germany
 
AM 64 (1979), 635; HB2/2 (1995)
  • Lower Saxony
    • Goslar District
      • Bad Harzburg
Gaine, R., Skinner, C., Foord, E., Mason, B., Rosenzweig, A., and King, V., , 1997, The System of Mineralogy, eighth edition.
Handbook of Mineralogy
Ireland
 
  • Ulster
    • Monaghan County
      • Calliagh
Ryback, G., Nawaz, R. and Farley, E. (1988) Seventh Supplementary List of British Isles Minerals (Irish). Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 52, n° 365, pp. 267-274.
Italy
 
  • Liguria
    • Genoa
      • Ne
Redazionale (2005): Sistematica ligure: resoconto 2005. Notiziario di Mineralogia del Ferrania Club, 19 , 3-5.
Antofilli, Borgo, Palenzona, 1985. I nostri minerali. Geologia e mineralogia in Liguria. Edizioni Melita, La Spezia.
        • Reppia
          • Monte Copello
Redazione (2005): Sistematica ligure: resoconto 2005. Notiziario di Mineralogia Ferrania Club, 19, 3-5.
    • La Spezia Province
      • Maissana
Castellaro, F., Passarino, G. (2011): I minerali di Monte Alpe. Sezione dell'antica Concessione Tre Monti (La Spezia e Genova). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana. 4/2011, 214-224.
  • Piedmont
    • Cuneo Province
      • Bellino
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.; Piccoli, G.C., Vanini, F., Ciriotti, M.E., Marengo, A., Bittarello, E., Cámara, F., Kolitsch, U., Bracco, R., Balestra, C., Odicino, G., Brizio, P. (2020): Eggletonite e tamaite del Monte Maniglia, Bellino, Cuneo, Piemonte con aggiornamento sulla mineralogia locale. Micro, 18, 60-66.
  • Sardinia
    • Sassari Province
      • Calangianus
Tanca, G.A., Gamboni, A., Mamberti, M. & Mascia, S. (2007) – Furru e Conca, Massiccio granitico del Monte Limbara, Calangianus, Olbia-Tempio Pausania - Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, Milano. 31,4,pp.274-281.
  • Tuscany
    • Livorno Province
      • Campiglia Marittima
- Orlandi, P. (2011): Zibaldone di mineralogia italiana 2010: parte seconda. Micro, 3/2011, 98-100. - Dini, A., Orlandi, P. & Vezzoni, S. (2013). Temperino e Lanzi. Le paragenesi primarie dello skarn. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/2013, 28-39.
Japan
 
  • Ehime Prefecture
    • Iyo City
M. Nakagawa, M. Santosh, S. Maruyama (2009) Distribution and mineral assemblages of bedded manganese deposits in Shikoku, Southwest Japan: Implications for accretion tectonics. Gondwana Research 16, 609–621.
  • Kagoshima Prefecture
Toyofumi Yoshimura, "Manganese deposits in Japan - Addendum, PartII", Science reports, Department of Geology, Kyushu University (1969)
    • Oshima District
      • Yamato village
Momoi, H. (1964) Mem. Fac. Sci., Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 15, #1, 73-78.
  • Kochi Prefecture
    • Kami City
M. Nakagawa, M. Santosh, S. Maruyama (2009) Distribution and mineral assemblages of bedded manganese deposits in Shikoku, Southwest Japan: Implications for accretion tectonics. Gondwana Research 16, 609–621.
    • Nankoku city
Joe Cilen collection #11,432 (originally from Ralph Merrill/Minerals Unlimited, 1950s, labelled just "axinite").
M. Nakagawa, M. Santosh, S. Maruyama (2009) Distribution and mineral assemblages of bedded manganese deposits in Shikoku, Southwest Japan: Implications for accretion tectonics. Gondwana Research 16, 609–621.
Ohe Rikosha specimens, Kyoto; Alfredo Petrov collection.
  • Miyazaki Prefecture
    • Nishiusuki District
      • Hinokage
specimens seen in private collections in Japan (Alfredo Petrov)
      • Takachiho
Bernard & Hyrsl (2004) Minerals and their Localities. (Granit, Prague)
  • Oita Prefecture
    • Bungo-Ono City
Fluorite: The Collector's Choice. Extra Lapis English No. 9; Gaines, Skinner, Foord, Mason, Rosenzweig, and King, 1997, Dana's New Mineralogy.
  • Saitama Prefecture
H. Momoi (1964) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 15, #1, 39-63.
    • Hanno City
Alfredo Petrov collection
    • Hidaka City
Akira Kato (2009) Explanations of distributed specimens at the Ordinary Meeting of Mumeikai Group, No. 28 (November 2009).
  • Tochigi Prefecture
    • Kanuma City
Gaine, R., Skinner, C., Foord, E., Mason, B., Rosenzweig, A., and King, V., , 1997, The System of Mineralogy, eighth edition.
  • Tokyo Metropolis
    • Nishitama district
      • Okutama-cho
Tanaka, T. & Hamane, D. (2016) Epidote-(Sr) from Shiromaru mine, Tokyo prefecture, Japan. (conference presentation R1-P14)
Kazakhstan
 
  • Karaganda Region
    • Karazhal
      • Ushkatyn deposits (Ushkatan)
Kayupova, M. M. (1964) Pyrosmalite from the Dzhumart and Ushkatyn Deposits, Central Kazakhstan. Translated from: Pirosmalit iz mestorozhdeniy Dzhumart i Ushkatyn v Tsentral'nom Kazakhstane. Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR, 1964, Vol. 159, No.3, pp.560-663.
      • Zhayrem (Zhairem)
Kayupova, M.M. (1965) Doklady of the Academy of Sciences U.S.S.R., Earth Science sections, 163, 97-100.
V.V. Kalinin data
Madagascar
 
  • Vakinankaratra
    • Antsirabe II
      • Ibity
        • Sahatany Valley
Larsen, K. E. (2003): Mineralene i Sahatany pegmatittfelt, Madagaskar. Bergverksmuseets skrifter 25, 5-18 (in norwegian)
Mexico
 
  • San Luis Potosí
    • Guadalcázar Municipality
Gaine, R., Skinner, C., Foord, E., Mason, B., Rosenzweig, A., and King, V., , 1997, The System of Mineralogy, eighth edition.
Morocco
 
  • Rabat-Salé-Kénitra Region
    • Khémisset Province
      • El Hammam (El Hamman)
Econ Geol (1989) 84:575-590
New Zealand
 
  • Canterbury Region
    • Timaru District
      • Timaru
Pringle, I.J., Kawachi, Y. (1980) Axinite mineral group in low-grade regionally metamorphosed rocks in southern New Zealand. American Mineralogist, 65: 1119-1129.
    • Waimate District
      • Waihaorunga
Journal of Metamorphic Geology Number 2: 103 - 266 (1996)
  • Otago Region
    • Clutha District
Railton, G.T., Watters, W.A. (1990) Minerals of New Zealand. New Zealand Geological Survey Bulletin 104, 89 pages.
Norway
 
  • Agder
    • Arendal
Nordrum, F.S., Larsen, A.O. & Erambert M. (2006): Minerals of the heulandite- and axinite series in Norway- additional data. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift, 33: 27-34
      • Øyestad
Nordrum, F.S., Larsen, A.O. & Erambert, M.(2005): Minerals of the axinite group from Norwegian localities. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift, 30: 88-93
  • Buskerud
    • Drammen
      • Drammensmarka
Nordrum, F.S., Larsen, A.O. & Erambert M. (2006): Minerals of the heulandite- and axinite series in Norway- additional data. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift, 33: 27-34
    • Kongsberg
      • Overberget Mining Field
Nordrum, F.S., Larsen, A.O. & Erambert, M.(2005): Minerals of the axinite group from Norwegian localities. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift, 30: 88-93
  • Nordland
Nordrum, F.S., Larsen, A.O. & Erambert, M.(2005): Minerals of the axinite group from Norwegian localities. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift, 30: 88-93
Nordrum, F.S., Larsen, A.O. & Erambert, M. (2005): Minerals of the axinite group from Norwegian localities. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift, 30: 88-93
  • Oslo
    • Oslomarka
Nordrum, F.S., Larsen, A.O. & Erambert, M.(2005): Minerals of the axinite group from Norwegian localities. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift, 30: 88-93
  • Troms og Finnmark
    • Harstad
      • Bjarkøya
        • Bjarkøy mines
Nordrum, F.S., Larsen, A.O. & Erambert, M.(2005): Minerals of the axinite group from Norwegian localities. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift, 30: 88-93
  • Vestland
    • Ullensvang
Nordrum, F.S., Larsen, A.O. & Erambert, M.(2005): Minerals of the axinite group from Norwegian localities. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift, 30: 88-93
Peru
 
  • Áncash
    • Bolognesi Province
Mineralogical Record 28, no. 4 (1997); Hyrsl, J. (2013): Neue Funde von Axinit-(Fe) und Epidot nahe Sayan in Zentral-Peru. Mineralien-Welt, 24(6), 141-144.
Hyrsl & Rosales (2003) Mineralogical Record, 34, 241-254.; Hyrsl & Rosales (2003) Mineralogical Record, 34, 241-254.
  • La Libertad
    • Santiago de Chuco Province
      • Quiruvilca District
Min.Rec. 28, #4 (1997)
  • Lima
    • Canta Province
Carles Millan collection
      • Huaros District
https://www.mineralienatlas.de/lexikon/index.php/Peru/Lima%2C%20Region/Canta%2C%20Provinz/Canta/Cullhuay https://www.mineralienatlas.de/lexikon/index.php/Peru/Lima%2C%20Region/Canta%2C%20Provinz/Canta https://www.weinrichmineralsinc.com/products/epidote-with-axinite-mn-quartz-garnet-8031477.php https://www.luisburillominerales.com/prestashop/es/mineral-por-lista-ima/2473-axinita-mn-grosularia-andradita-epidota-cuarzo.html
    • Oyon Province
No reference listed
Poland
 
  • Opole Voivodeship
Jęczmyk B. (1956) Aksynit z rejonu Głuchołaz
Romania
 
  • Suceava
    • Cârlibaba
Hârtopanu, P., Hârtopanu, L., Cristea, C., Stelea, G., Udrescu, C. (1996): Mineralogical study of the metamorphosed manganese accumulation in the Bistriţa Mts., Dadu deposit. Ann. Inst. Geol. Rom.: 69(1): 95-98 Udubașa, G., Ďud'a, R., Szakáll, S., Kvasnytsya, V., Koszowska, E., Novák, M. (2002): Minerals of the Carpathians (Szakáll, S., ed.). Granit, Prague, Czech Rep., 482 pp.
    • Suceava district
      • Iacobeni
http://minerals-of-the-carpathians.eu
Russia
 
  • Bashkortostan
    • Uchalinsky District
Brusnitzin, A. I.; Semkova, T. A.; Chukanov, N. V. (1997): Manganaxinite from the Kyzil-Tash deposit as a new occurrence in the southern Urals. Vestnik Sankt-Peterburgskogo Universiteta, Seriya 7: Geologiya, Geografiya 1997 (2), 89-94 (in Russian).
  • Chelyabinsk Oblast
Pletnev P. (1995) Mineralogy of gondites and metavolcanic rocks of Kogaevskogo Mn deposit. Urals Summer Mineralogical School-1995. 58-60
  • Primorsky Krai
    • Dalnegorsk Urban District
      • Dalnegorsk
[MinRec 32:9]
[MinRec 32:9]
        • Dal'negorsk B deposit
Pavel M. Kartashov
[MinRec 32:9]
[MinRec 32:9]
[MinRec 32:9]
[MinRec 32:9]
  • Zabaykalsky Krai
    • Krasnyi Chikoy
Zagorsky, V. Ye., Peretyazhko, I.S., Dmitrieva, A.S. (2016): Axinite-(Mn) from miarolitic granitic pegmatites of the Malkhan gem-tourmaline deposit (Transbaikalia, Russia): composition, paragenesis and formation conditions. European Journal of Mineralogy, 28, 811-824.
Slovakia
 
  • Košice Region
    • Rožňava District
      • Gemerská Poloma
        • Pintiková
Ozdín D., Volek M., Števko M., 2006: Study of hydrotermal veins with axinites from the Western Carpathians. Acta Miner.-Petrograph.,Abstract Series 5, Szeged, p.87
Spain
 
  • Community of Madrid
Tanago, J. G., Lozano, P. L., Larios, A. , La Iglesia, A. (2012) Stokesite crystals from La Cabrera, Madrid, Spain. Mineralogical Record 43:499-508
Sweden
 
  • Värmland County
    • Filipstad
      • Nordmark District
      • Persberg ore district
Tanzania
 
  • Manyara Region
    • Simanjiro District
      • Lelatema Mountains
        • Merelani Hills (Mererani)
Tony Nikischer
Turkey
 
  • Izmir Province
    • Izmir
      • Efemçukuru Au deposit
Oyman, T., Minareci, F., and Pişkin, Ö. (2003): Ore Geology Reviews 23, 35-53.
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Cochise County
Gaine, R., Skinner, C., Foord, E., Mason, B., Rosenzweig, A., and King, V., , 1997, The System of Mineralogy, eighth edition.
    • Graham Co.
      • Aravaipa Mining District
        • Aravaipa
          • Landsman Camp (Landsman group)
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 288; Reiter, B.E. (1981), Controls on lead-zinc skarn mineralization, Iron Cap mine area, Aravaipa district, Graham Co., AZ, in C. Stone and J.P. Jenney (editors), AZ Geol. Soc. Digest: 13: 117-125.; Grant, Raymond W., Bideaux, R.A., and Williams, S.A. (2006) Minerals Added to the Arizona List 1995-2005: 4.
    • Pima Co.
      • Tohono O'odom (Papago) Indian Reservation
        • Comobabi Mountains
          • Kovaya Hills
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 179, 288; Bideaux, R.A., et al (1960), Some new occurrences of minerals of Arizona, AZ Geol. Soc. Digest: 3: 53-56.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 328; Bideaux, R.A., et al (1960), Some new occurrences of minerals of AZ, AZ Geol. Soc. Digest: 3: 53-56.
  • California
    • El Dorado Co.
      • Fairplay Mining District
        • Fair Play
Schaller, Waldemar Theodore (1911b), Axinite from California: USGS Bulletin 490: 42; Tucker, W. Burling & C.A. Waring (1919), El Dorado County: California Mining Bureau. Report 15: 276-278; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 65, 91, 175.
    • Plumas Co.
      • Genesee Valley
Gaine, R., Skinner, C., Foord, E., Mason, B., Rosenzweig, A., and King, V., , 1997, The System of Mineralogy, eighth edition.
    • San Bernardino Co.
      • San Bernardino Mountains
        • Bear Valley District
          • Fawnskin (Grout)
Rocks & Min.:61:33-34.
    • San Diego County
      • Ramona Mining District
        • Ramona
Foord, Eugene E. et al (1989), Mineralogy and Paragenesis of the Little Three Mine Pegmatites, Ramona District, San Diego County, California. Mineralogical Record, 20(2): p. 106.
Foord, Eugene E. et al (1989), Mineralogy and Paragenesis of the Little Three Mine Pegmatites, Ramona District, San Diego County, California. Mineralogical Record, 20(2): p. 121.
  • Minnesota
    • St. Louis Co.
      • Mesabi Range
        • Babbitt
Gaine, R., Skinner, C., Foord, E., Mason, B., Rosenzweig, A., and King, V., , 1997, The System of Mineralogy, eighth edition.
  • Nevada
    • Mineral Co.
      • Fitting Mining District
        • Luning
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • New Jersey
    • Sussex County
      • Franklin Mining District
        • Franklin
Aminoff, G., 1919, Mineralogical Studies on Material from Sjogren's Mineral Collection, Archiv. Kemi. Min. Geol. v 7, (17), p. 1-58.
Van King
FOMS Millsite Committee (1986) (circa), List of Mineral Species Found on the Franklin Mill Site, Franklin-Ogdensburg Mineralogical Society (unpublished).
Richard Gunter
Palache(1935):16 & 100; Dunn(1995):Pt1:133 & Pt3:417.
        • Ogdensburg
          • Sterling Hill
Dunn(1995):Pt3:418.
Leonard S.Wiener and Sigrid Ballew,1995, Updated by Kenny Gay,2006, A Listing Of North Carolina Minerals,Geologic Note No.4
    • Mitchell Co.
      • Spruce Pine
Lumpkin,Gregory R.,and Ribbe,Paul H.,(1979)Chemistry and Physical Properties of Axinite:American Mineralogist Vol.64,p.635-645
  • Pennsylvania
    • Chester Co.
      • Wallace Township
Gaine, R., Skinner, C., Foord, E., Mason, B., Rosenzweig, A., and King, V., , 1997, The System of Mineralogy, eighth edition.
    • Delaware Co.
      • Swarthmore (Borough of Swarthmore)
Gaine, R., Skinner, C., Foord, E., Mason, B., Rosenzweig, A., and King, V., , 1997, The System of Mineralogy, eighth edition.
    • Northampton Co.
      • Bethlehem
        • Camelhump (Camels Hump; Manakisy Hill; Manokisy Hill; Pine Top; Campbell's Hump; Quaker Hill)
Smith, R. C. II, 1978, The Mineralogy of Pennsylvania 1966 - 1975
Gaine, R., Skinner, C., Foord, E., Mason, B., Rosenzweig, A., and King, V., , 1997, The System of Mineralogy, eighth edition. Montgomery, A., 1969, The Mineralogy of Pennsylvania 1922-1965, Special Pub. no. 9, The Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia. Smith, R., 1978, The Mineralogy of Pennsylvania 1966-1975, Friends of Mineralogy Penn. Chap.
      • Hanover Township
Smith, R. C., 1978, The Mineralogy of Pennsylvania 1966 - 1975
 
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