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Macdonaldite

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About MacdonalditeHide

01580820014947711142926.jpg
Gordon A. Macdonald
Formula:
BaCa4Si16O36(OH)2 · 10H2O
Colour:
White, colourless.
Lustre:
Vitreous, Silky
Hardness:
3½ - 4
Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Name:
Named in honour of Gordon A. Macdonald (15 October 1911 – 20 June 1978), notable American volcanologist and Senior Professor of Geology at the University of Hawaii at the time of the description. His 1938 Ph.D. thesis "Geology of the Western Sierra Nevada Between Kings and San Joaquin Rivers, California" included this area.
This page provides mineralogical data about Macdonaldite.


Classification of MacdonalditeHide

Approved
9.EB.05

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
E : Phyllosilicates
B : Double nets with 4- and 6-membered rings
72.5.1.3

72 : PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
5 : Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with corrugated and complex layers
14.7.4

14 : Silicates not Containing Aluminum
7 : Silicates of Ba, Sr and Zn

Physical Properties of MacdonalditeHide

Vitreous, Silky
Colour:
White, colourless.
Hardness:
3½ - 4 on Mohs scale

Optical Data of MacdonalditeHide

Type:
Biaxial (+/-)
RI values:
nα = 1.518 nβ = 1.524 nγ = 1.530
2V:
Measured: 90° , Calculated: 88°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.012
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Low
Dispersion:
weak

Chemical Properties of MacdonalditeHide

Formula:
BaCa4Si16O36(OH)2 · 10H2O
Common Impurities:
Ti,Al,Fe,Mn,Mg,Sr

Crystallography of MacdonalditeHide

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Cell Parameters:
a = 14.06 Å, b = 23.52 Å, c = 13.08 Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.598 : 1 : 0.556
Unit Cell V:
4,325.44 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Crystal StructureHide

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IDSpeciesReferenceLinkYearLocalityPressure (GPa)Temp (K)
0012053MacdonalditeCannillo E, Rossi G, Ungaretti L (1968) The crystal structure of macdonaldite Atti della Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei 45 399-4141968Fresno County, California, USA0293
CIF Raw Data - click here to close

Type Occurrence of MacdonalditeHide

Synonyms of MacdonalditeHide

Other Language Names for MacdonalditeHide

Simplified Chinese:莫水硅钙钡石
Spanish:Macdonaldita
Traditional Chinese:莫水矽鈣鋇石

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
1 photo of Macdonaldite associated with KampfiteBa12(Si11Al5)O31(CO3)8Cl5

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.EB.05RhodesiteKHCa2Si8O19 · 5H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
9.EB.10Delhayelite(Na,K)10Ca5Al6Si32O80(Cl2,F2,SO4)3 · 18H2OOrth.
9.EB.10HydrodelhayeliteKCa2AlSi7O17(OH)2 · 6H2OOrth.
9.EB.15Monteregianite-(Y)(Na,K)6(Y,Ca)2Si16O38 · 10H2OMon. 2/m
9.EB.20CarletoniteKNa4Ca4Si8O18(CO3)4(OH,F) · H2OTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/mbm

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

72.5.1.1RhodesiteKHCa2Si8O19 · 5H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
72.5.1.2Monteregianite-(Y)(Na,K)6(Y,Ca)2Si16O38 · 10H2OMon. 2/m
72.5.1.4Delhayelite(Na,K)10Ca5Al6Si32O80(Cl2,F2,SO4)3 · 18H2OOrth.
72.5.1.5HydrodelhayeliteKCa2AlSi7O17(OH)2 · 6H2OOrth.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

14.7.1SanborniteBa2(Si4O10)Orth.
14.7.2KrauskopfiteBaSi2O5 · 3H2OMon.
14.7.3WalstromiteBaCa2(Si3O9)Tric.
14.7.5EricssoniteBaMn2+2Fe3+(Si2O7)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : B2/m
14.7.6Ericssonite-2OBaMn2+2Fe3+(Si2O7)O(OH)Orth.
14.7.7GillespiteBaFe2+Si4O10Tet.
14.7.8AndrémeyeriteBaFe2+2(Si2O7)Mon.
14.7.9PellyiteBa2Ca(Fe,Mg)2Si6O17Orth.
14.7.10TaikaniteSr3BaMn2+2(Si4O12)O2Mon.
14.7.11WillemiteZn2SiO4Trig. 3 : R3
14.7.12HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2OOrth. mm2 : Imm2
14.7.13ZincsiliteZn3Si4O10(OH)2 · 4H2O (?)Mon.
14.7.14HardystoniteCa2Zn(Si2O7)Tet. 4 2m : P4 21m
14.7.15PetedunniteCa(Zn,Mn2+,Mg,Fe2+)Si2O6Mon.
14.7.16ClinohedriteCaZn(SiO4) · H2OMon. m : Bb
14.7.17JunitoiteCaZn2Si2O7 · H2OOrth. mm2
14.7.18LarsenitePbZnSiO4Orth. mm2 : Pna21
14.7.19EsperitePbCa2Zn3(SiO4)3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
14.7.20HodgkinsoniteMn2+Zn2(SiO4)(OH)2Mon.
14.7.21GerstmanniteMnMgZn(SiO4)(OH)2Orth.
14.7.22GageiteMn21(Si4O12)2O3(OH)20Mon. 2/m
14.7.23FranklinfurnaceiteCa2Fe3+Mn2+3Mn3+(Zn2Si2O10)(OH)8Mon. 2 : B2

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for MacdonalditeHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
American Mineralogist (1965): 50: 314-340.

Internet Links for MacdonalditeHide

Localities for MacdonalditeHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Italy
 
  • Umbria
    • Terni Province
      • San Venanzo
Stoppa, F., Sharygin, V.V., and Cundari, A. (1997): Mineralogy and Petrology 61, 27-45.; Stoppa, F., & Schiazza, M. (2014). Extreme chemical conditions of crystallisation of Umbrian Melilitolites and wealth of rare, late stage/hydrothermal minerals. Central European Journal of Geosciences, 6(4), 549-564.; Conticelli, S., D’antonio, M., Pinarelli, L., & Civetta, L. (2002). Source contamination and mantle heterogeneity in the genesis of Italian potassic and ultrapotassic volcanic rocks: Sr–Nd–Pb isotope data from Roman Province and Southern Tuscany. Mineralogy and Petrology, 74(2-4), 189-222. Cundari, A., & Ferguson, A. K. (1991). Petrogenetic relationships between melilitite and lamproite. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 107(3), 343-357. Laurenzi, M., Stoppa, F., & Villa, I. (1994). Eventi ignei monogenici e depositi piroclastici nel Distretto Ultra-alcalino Umbro-Laziale (ULUD): revisione, aggiornamento e comparazione dei dati cronologici. Plinius, 12, 61-65. Panina, L. I., Stoppa, F., & Usol tseva, L. M. (2003). Genesis of melilitite rocks of Pian di Celle volcano, Umbrian kamafugite province, Italy: evidence from melt inclusions in minerals. PETROLOGY C/C OF PETROLOGIIA, 11(4), 365-382. Sabatini, V. (1899). I vulcani di San Venanzo. Riv Miner Cristal It, 22, 3-12. Stoppa, F. (1996). The San Venanzo maar and tuff ring, Umbria, Italy: eruptive behaviour of a carbonatite-melilitite volcano. Bulletin of Volcanology, 57(7), 563-577. Stoppa, F., Rukhlov, A. S., Bell, K., Schiazza, M., & Vichi, G. (2014). Lamprophyres of Italy: early Cretaceous alkaline lamprophyres of southern Tuscany, Italy. Lithos, 188, 97-112. Stoppa, F., Sharygin, V. V., & Cundari, A. (1997). New mineral data from the kamafugitecarbonatite association: the melilitolite from Pian di Celle, Italy. Mineralogy and Petrology, 61(1-4), 27-45.
USA
 
  • California
    • Fresno Co.
      • Big Creek-Rush Creek Mining District
Alfors, J.T., M.C. Stinson, R.A. Matthews & A. Pabst (1965), Seven new barium minerals from eastern Fresno County, California: American Mineralogist: 50: 318, 322-324; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 464.
Stinson, Melvin Clarence & J.T. Alfors (1964), New minerals from Fresno County – I: California Division Mines & Geology Mineral Information Service.: 17: 238; Nickel & Nichols (1991), Mineral Reference Manual: 124:
[Amer.Min.(1965) 50, 314-340; MinRec 33:161]; Canadian Mineralogist (2001): 39:1053-1058.
Bob Walstrom, p.c.
          • Rush Creek
Robert E. Walstrom Collection
Nickel and Nichols (1991) Mineral Reference Manual, 123.; Jambor, J.L. and Roberts, A.C. (2002) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 87: 765-768.
Robert E. Walstrom Collection
    • Mariposa Co.
      • East Belt
        • Clearing House Mining District
          • Clearing House
            • Trumbull Peak
[MinRec 30:414]
    • Tulare Co.
      • Dumtah
Mineralogical Record: 34(2): 159-166
Robert E. Walstrom Collection
 
Mineral and/or Locality  
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