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Macedonite

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About MacedoniteHide

03570440015615090389449.jpg
Flag of the Socialist Republic of Macedonia, Yugoslavia
Formula:
PbTiO3
Colour:
Black with weak brownish tint; brownish yellow with greenish tint in thin section
Lustre:
Vitreous
Hardness:
5½ - 6
Specific Gravity:
7.82
Crystal System:
Tetragonal
Name:
Named by Radusinović and Markov (1971) after what was, at the time, the constituent country of Macedonia, Yugoslavia. The area is now the country of North Macedonia. The area includes the type locality of Crni Kamen.
A rare accessory mineral in microcline-quartz syenite pegmatite veins and as inclusions in oxide phases in a metamorphosed Fe-Mn ore body.

Macedonite is an oxide single perovskite with second order Jahn-Teller distortions. The Macedonite from Crni Kamen is the only natural perovskite mineral known to contain significant amounts of Bi2O3 (2.2 wt.%) (Mitchell et al. 2016).


Classification of MacedoniteHide

Approved
First Published:
1971
4.CC.35

4 : OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodates)
C : Metal: Oxygen = 2: 3,3: 5, and similar
C : With large and medium-sized cations
4.3.6.1

4 : SIMPLE OXIDES
3 : A2X3
7.11.26

7 : Oxides and Hydroxides
11 : Oxides of Sn and Pb

Physical Properties of MacedoniteHide

Vitreous
Transparency:
Opaque
Colour:
Black with weak brownish tint; brownish yellow with greenish tint in thin section
Hardness:
5½ - 6 on Mohs scale
Tenacity:
Very brittle
Density:
7.82 g/cm3 (Measured)    8.09 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of MacedoniteHide

Type:
Uniaxial
Anisotropism:
Very weak.
Colour in reflected light:
Gray-white
Internal Reflections:
Yellow-brown to dark brownish green
Comments:
Sensibly isotropic

Chemical Properties of MacedoniteHide

Formula:
PbTiO3

Crystallography of MacedoniteHide

Crystal System:
Tetragonal
Class (H-M):
4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) - Ditetragonal Dipyramidal
Space Group:
P4/nmm
Cell Parameters:
a = 3.90(1) Å, c = 4.18(2) Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 1.072
Unit Cell V:
63.58 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
1
Morphology:
Crystals equant to prismatic, exhibiting {100}, {001}, {110}, {101}, and {111}; irregular grains.

Type Occurrence of MacedoniteHide

General Appearance of Type Material:
Small (< 0.2mm) crystals
Place of Conservation of Type Material:
Institute for Nuclear Raw Materials, Belgrade Serbia. U.S. National Museum of Natural History, Washington, D.C., USA: #122391.
Geological Setting of Type Material:
microcline-quartz syenite pegmatite veins cutting pyroxene amphibole schist.
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:
Reference:
Radusinović, D. and C. Markov (1971) Macedonite - lead titanate: a new mineral. American Mineralogist: 56: 387-394.

Synonyms of MacedoniteHide

Other Language Names for MacedoniteHide

Relationship of Macedonite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
BarioperovskiteBaTiO3Orth. mm2 : Amm2
GoldschmidtiteKNbO3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pm3m
Isolueshite(Na,La)NbO3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pm3m
LakargiiteCa(Zr,Sn,Ti)O3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
Loparite-(Ce)(Na,REE)Ti2O6
LueshiteNaNbO3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
MegawiteCaSnO3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pban
PerovskiteCaTiO3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
TausoniteSrTiO3Iso. 4 3m

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
2 photos of Macedonite associated with BindheimitePb2Sb2O6O
1 photo of Macedonite associated with PyrophaniteMn2+TiO3
1 photo of Macedonite associated with TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
1 photo of Macedonite associated with AndraditeCa3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
1 photo of Macedonite associated with Hyalophane(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
1 photo of Macedonite associated with Manganoan PhlogopiteK(Mg,Mn)3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
1 photo of Macedonite associated with Kentrolite-Melanotekite Series
1 photo of Macedonite associated with HausmanniteMn2+Mn3+2O4
1 photo of Macedonite associated with CalciteCaCO3

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

4.CC.AllendeiteSc4Zr3O12Trig. 3 : R3
4.CC.Yttriaite-(Y)Y2O3Iso.
4.CC.05ChrombismiteBi16CrO27Tet.
4.CC.10FreudenbergiteNa2(Ti,Fe)8O16Mon.
4.CC.15GrossiteCaAl4O7Mon. 2/m : B2/b
4.CC.20ChlormayeniteCa12Al14O32[◻4Cl2]Iso. 4 3m : I4 3d
4.CC.25YafsoaniteCa3Zn3(TeO6)2Iso. m3 (2/m 3)
4.CC.30LatrappiteCa2NbFe3+O6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
4.CC.30LueshiteNaNbO3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
4.CC.30NatroniobiteNaNbO3Mon.
4.CC.30PerovskiteCaTiO3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
4.CC.30BarioperovskiteBaTiO3Orth. mm2 : Amm2
4.CC.30LakargiiteCa(Zr,Sn,Ti)O3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
4.CC.30MegawiteCaSnO3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pban
4.CC.35Loparite-(Ce)(Na,REE)Ti2O6
4.CC.35TausoniteSrTiO3Iso. 4 3m
4.CC.35Isolueshite(Na,La)NbO3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pm3m
4.CC.40CrichtoniteSr(Mn,Y,U)Fe2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38Trig. 3 : R3
4.CC.40Davidite-(Ce)(Ce,La)(Y,U,Fe)(Ti,Fe)20(O,OH)38Trig. 3 : R3
4.CC.40Davidite-(La)(La,Ce)(Y,U,Fe)(Ti,Fe)20(O,OH)38Trig.
4.CC.40Davidite-(Y)(La,Ce,Na,Ca,Pb)(Y,Fe2+,◻)(Fe2+,Mn2+)2(Ti,Fe3+,Nb,Zr)18O38 (hypothetical)Trig.
4.CC.40LandauiteNaMnZn2(Ti,Fe)6Ti12O38Trig. 3 : R3
4.CC.40Lindsleyite(Ba,Sr)(Zr,Ca)(Fe,Mg)2(Ti,Cr,Fe)18O38Trig.
4.CC.40Loveringite(Ca,Ce,La)(Zr,Fe)(Mg,Fe)2(Ti,Fe,Cr,Al)18O38Trig.
4.CC.40Mathiasite(K, Ba, Sr)(Zr, Fe)(Mg,Fe)2 (Ti,Cr,Fe)18O38Trig.
4.CC.40SenaitePb(Mn,Y,U)(Fe,Zn)2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38Trig.
4.CC.40Dessauite-(Y)(Sr,Pb)(Y,U)(Ti,Fe3+)20O38Trig. 3 : R3
4.CC.40Cleusonite(Pb,Sr)(U4+,U6+)(Fe2+,Zn)2(Ti,Fe2+,Fe3+)18(O,OH)38Trig. 3 : R3
4.CC.40Gramaccioliite-(Y)(Pb,Sr)(Y,Mn)Fe3+2(Ti,Fe3+)18O38Trig. 3
4.CC.45DiaoyudaoiteNaAl11O17Hex.
4.CC.45HawthorneiteBaMgTi3Cr4Fe2+2Fe3+2O19Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
4.CC.45HiboniteCaAl12O19Hex.
4.CC.45LindqvistitePb2Mn2+Fe16O27Hex.
4.CC.45Magnetoplumbite(Pb,Mn)(Fe,Mn)12O19Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
4.CC.45PlumboferritePb2(Fe3+,Mn2+,Mg)11O19Trig. 3 2 : P3 1 2
4.CC.45YimengiteK(Cr,Ti,Fe,Mg)12O19Hex.
4.CC.45HaggertyiteBaFe2+4Fe3+2Ti5MgO19Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
4.CC.45NežilovitePbZn2Mn4+2Fe3+8O19Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
4.CC.45BatiferriteBaTi2Fe3+8Fe2+2O19Hex.
4.CC.45Hibonite-(Fe)FeAl12O19Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
4.CC.45BarioferriteBaFe3+12O19Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
4.CC.50Jeppeite(K,Ba)2(Ti,Fe)6O13Mon.
4.CC.55ZenzénitePb3Fe4Mn3O15Hex.
4.CC.60Mengxianminite (of Huang et al.)(Ca,Na)3(Fe,Mn)2Mg2(Sn,Zn)5Al8O29

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

7.11.1RomarchiteSnOTet.
7.11.2CassiteriteSnO2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P42/mnm
7.11.4SchoenfliesiteMg[Sn(OH)6]Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pn3
7.11.5BurtiteCa[Sn(OH)6]Iso.
7.11.6VismirnoviteZn[Sn(OH)6]Iso.
7.11.7WickmaniteMn2+[Sn(OH)6]Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pn3
7.11.8TetrawickmaniteMn2+[Sn4+(OH)6]Tet. 4/m : P42/n
7.11.9JeanbandyiteFe3+xFe2+1-xSn(OH)6-xOx (1 ≥ x > 0.5)Tet. 4/m : P42/n
7.11.10NataniteFe2+[Sn(OH)6]Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pn3m
7.11.11Mushistonite(Cu,Zn,Fe2+)[Sn(OH)6]
7.11.12Ferronigerite-2N1S(Al,Fe,Zn)2(Al,Sn)6O11(OH)Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
7.11.13MagnesionigeriteTrig.
7.11.14ArgutiteGeO2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P42/mnm
7.11.15BrunogeieriteGe4+Fe2+2O4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
7.11.16StottiteFe2+[Ge4+(OH)6]Tet.
7.11.17CarboiriteFeAl2(GeO4)O(OH)2Tric.
7.11.18OtjisumeitePbGe4O9Tric.
7.11.19BartelkeitePb(Fe2+Ge)[Ge2O7](OH)2 · H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
7.11.20MassicotPbOOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmmm
7.11.21LithargePbOTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nmm
7.11.22MiniumPb3O4Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P42/mbc
7.11.23PlattneritePbO2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m)
7.11.24Scrutinyiteα-PbO2Orth.
7.11.25MurdochitePbCu6O8-x(Cl,Br)2x where x<=0.5Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
7.11.27CesàrolitePb(Mn4+)3O6(OH)2
7.11.28CoronaditePb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16Mon. 2/m
7.11.29QuenselitePbMnO2(OH)Mon. 2/m : P2/b
7.11.30PlumboferritePb2(Fe3+,Mn2+,Mg)11O19Trig. 3 2 : P3 1 2
7.11.31Magnetoplumbite(Pb,Mn)(Fe,Mn)12O19Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
7.11.32SenaitePb(Mn,Y,U)(Fe,Zn)2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38Trig.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for MacedoniteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Fedulov, S.A., Venevtsev, Y.N., Zhdanov, G.S., Smazhevskaya, E.G., Rez, I.S. (1962) X-ray and electrical studies of the PbTiO3-BiFeO3 system. Soviet Physics - Crystallography: 7: 62-66.
Tomashpol'skii, Y.Y., Venevtsev, Y.N., Zhdanov, G.S. (1968) Structural microdiffraction by ferroelectrics and ferromagnetics. Soviet Physics - Crystallography: 13: 425-427.
Radusinović, D. and C. Markov (1971) Macedonite - lead titanate: a new mineral. American Mineralogist: 56: 387-394.
Burke, E.A.J. and Kieft, C. (1971) Second occurrence of macedonite, PbTiO3, Långban, Sweden. Lithos: 4: 101-104.
Glazer, A.M., Mabud, S.A. (1978) Powder profile refinement of lead zirconate titanate at several temperatures. II. Pure PbTiO3. Acta Crystallographica: B34: 1065-1070.
Nelmes, R.J., Kuhs, W.F. (1985) The crystal structure of tetragonal PbTiO3 at room temperature and at 700 K. Solid State Communications: 54: 721-723.
Mitchell, R., Welch, M.D., Chakhmouradian, A.R. (2016) Nomenclature of the perovskite supergroup: A hierarchical system of classification based on crystal structure and composition. Mineralogical Magazine: 81: 411-461. https://doi.org/10.1180/minmag.2016.080.156

Internet Links for MacedoniteHide

Localities for MacedoniteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
North Macedonia (TL)
 
  • Prilep
    • Alinci
Radusinovi´c, D. and C. Markov (1971) Macedonite - lead titanate: a new mineral. American Mineralogist (1971): 56: 387-394; Nickel & Nichols, 1991 - "Mineral Reference Manual", p123.
Spain
 
  • Andalusia
    • Almería
      • Cuevas del Almanzora (Cuevas de Vera)
        • Sierra Almagrera
          • Las Herrerías
Calvo, M. Minerales y minas de España; Navarro, A., & Cardellach, E. (2009). Mobilization of Ag, heavy metals and Eu from the waste deposit of the Las Herrerias mine (Almería, SE Spain). Environmental geology, 56(7), 1389-1404.
Sweden
 
  • Värmland County
    • Filipstad
Burke, E.A.J. and C. Kieft (1971) Second occurrence of makedonite [macedonite], PbTiO3, Langban, Sweden. Lithos, 4, 101– 04; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183. ; Kjell Gatedal; Liferovich, R. P., Mitchell, R. H., Zozulya, D. R., & Shpachenko, A. K. (2006). Paragenesis and composition of banalsite, stronalsite, and their solid solution in nepheline syenite and ultramafic alkaline rocks. The Canadian Mineralogist, 44(4), 929-942.
      • Nordmark district
        • Jakobsberg ore field
Dunn,P.J., Peacor, D.R., Valley, J.W. and Randall, C.W. (1985): Ganomalite from Franklin, New Jersey, and Jakobsberg, Sweden: New Chemical and Crystallographic Data. Mineralogical Magazine. 49: 579-582; Kjell Gatedal
      • Persberg ore district
        • Pajsberg
Kjell Gatedal photo, polished section
UK
 
  • England
    • Somerset
      • Mendip
        • Cranmore
Turner, R.W. and Rumsey, M.S. (2010): Mineral Relationships in the Mendip Hills. Journal of the Russell Society, vol 13, pp 3-46.
 
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