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Macfallite

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About MacfalliteHide

Formula:
Ca2Mn3+3(SiO4)(Si2O7)(OH)3
Mn may be replaced by minor Al.
Colour:
Reddish-brown, maroon.
Lustre:
Silky
Hardness:
5
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
Named in 1979 by Paul (Paulus) Brian Moore, Jun Ito, and Ian M. Steele in honor of Russell Patterson MacFall [1 September 1903 Indianapolis, Indiana, USA - 6 September 1983 Coronado, California, USA] editor for Chicago Tribune newspaper and, earlier, for other newspapers. Russ was an amateur mineralogist interested in systematic mineralogy and an author of six books on popular mineralogy, paleontology, and geology. Russ was also a specialist in the minerals of the region where macfallite was first discovered.
This page provides mineralogical data about Macfallite.


Classification of MacfalliteHide

Approved
Approval Year:
1974
9.BG.15

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
B : Sorosilicates
G : Sorosilicates with mixed SiO4 and Si2O7 groups; cations in octahedral [6] and greater coordination
58.2.3.2

58 : SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
2 : Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
16.16.20

16 : Silicates Containing Aluminum and other Metals
16 : Aluminosilicates of Mn

Physical Properties of MacfalliteHide

Silky
Colour:
Reddish-brown, maroon.
Hardness:

Optical Data of MacfalliteHide

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.773 - 1.775 nβ = 1.795 nγ = 1.810 - 1.815
2V:
Measured: 86° , Calculated: 78° to 88°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.037 - 0.040
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High
Dispersion:
r < v medium

Chemical Properties of MacfalliteHide

Formula:
Ca2Mn3+3(SiO4)(Si2O7)(OH)3

Mn may be replaced by minor Al.
Common Impurities:
Ti,Al,Fe,Cr,V,Cu,Mg,K,Na,H2O

Crystallography of MacfalliteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Cell Parameters:
a = 10.23 Å, b = 6.08 Å, c = 8.97 Å
β = 110.75°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 1.683 : 1 : 1.475
Unit Cell V:
521.73 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Type Occurrence of MacfalliteHide

Synonyms of MacfalliteHide

Other Language Names for MacfalliteHide

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Orientite6 photos of Macfallite associated with Orientite on mindat.org.
Calcite1 photo of Macfallite associated with Calcite on mindat.org.
Ranciéite1 photo of Macfallite associated with Ranciéite on mindat.org.
Braunite1 photo of Macfallite associated with Braunite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.BG.XCyprineCa19Cu2+(Al10Mg2)Si18O68(OH)10Tet. 4/m : P4/n
9.BG.05bAllanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
9.BG.05bAllanite-(La){CaLa}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
9.BG.05bAllanite-(Y){CaY}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon.
9.BG.05aClinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
9.BG.05bDissakisite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Mg}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
9.BG.05Dollaseite-(Ce){CaCe}{MgAlMg}(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)FMon. 2/m : P21/m
9.BG.05aEpidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
9.BG.05Hancockite{CaPb}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon.
9.BG.05Khristovite-(Ce){CaCe}{MgAlMn2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)FMon. 2/m : P21/m
9.BG.05Mukhinite{Ca2}{Al2V3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon.
9.BG.05Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
9.BG.05Piemontite-(Sr){CaSr}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon.
9.BG.05bManganiandrosite-(La){Mn2+La}{Mn3+AlMn2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon.
9.BG.05Tawmawite{Ca2}{(Al,Fe3+,Cr)3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
9.BG.05Tweddillite{CaSr}{Mn3+AlMn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
9.BG.05bFerriallanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Fe3+AlFe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
9.BG.05Niigataite{CaSr}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m
9.BG.05Manganiandrosite-(Ce){Mn2+Ce}{Mn3+AlMn2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
9.BG.05Dissakisite-(La){CaLa}{Al2Mg}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
9.BG.05Vanadoandrosite-(Ce){Mn2+Ce}{V3+AlMn2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
9.BG.05Uedaite-(Ce){Mn2+Ce}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
9.BG.05Epidote-(Sr){CaSr}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
9.BG.05bAllanite-(Nd){CaNd}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
9.BG.05bFerriallanite-(La){CaLa}{Fe3+AlFe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
9.BG.05bÅskagenite-(Nd){Mn2+Nd}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O2Mon. 2/m : P21/m
9.BG.10Zoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
9.BG.15SursassiteMn2+2Al3(SiO4)(Si2O7)(OH)3Mon. 2/m : P21/m
9.BG.20Julgoldite-(Fe2+)Ca2Fe2+Fe3+2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2OMon.
9.BG.20OkhotskiteCa2(Mn,Mg)(Mn3+,Al,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2OMon.
9.BG.20Pumpellyite-(Fe2+)Ca2Fe2+Al2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2OMon.
9.BG.20Pumpellyite-(Fe3+)Ca2(Fe3+,Mg)(Al,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH,O)2 · H2OMon.
9.BG.20Pumpellyite-(Mg)Ca2MgAl2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2OMon.
9.BG.20Pumpellyite-(Mn2+)Ca2Mn2+Al2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2OMon.
9.BG.20ShuiskiteCa2MgCr2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · 2H2OMon.
9.BG.20Julgoldite-(Fe3+)Ca2Fe3+Fe3+2(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH) · H2OMon.
9.BG.20Pumpellyite-(Al)Ca2Al3(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH,O)2 · H2OMon.
9.BG.20PoppiiteCa2(V3+,Fe3+,Mg)(V3+,Al)2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH,O)2 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.BG.20Julgoldite-(Mg)Ca2MgFe3+2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2OMon.
9.BG.25GanomalitePb9Ca5Mn(Si2O7)4(SiO4)OHex.
9.BG.30RustumiteCa10(Si2O7)2(SiO4)(OH)2Cl2Mon.
9.BG.35Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nnc
9.BG.35WiluiteCa19(Al,Mg)13(B,☐,Al)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(O,OH)10Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nnc
9.BG.35ManganvesuvianiteCa19Mn3+(Al,Mn3+,Fe3+)10(Mg,Mn2+)2(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10O(OH)9Tet. 4/m : P4/n
9.BG.35FluorvesuvianiteCa19(Al,Mg,Fe2+)13(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10O(F,OH)9Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m)
9.BG.40Vyuntspakhkite-(Y)(Y,Yb)4Al2.5-1.5(Si,Al)1.5-2.5(SiO4)4O(OH)7
9.BG.45DellaiteCa6Si3O11(OH)2Tric.
9.BG.50Gatelite-(Ce)CaCe3Al2(Al,Mg)(Mg,Fe2+,Al)(Si2O7)(SiO4)3(O,F)(OH,O)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.BG.55Västmanlandite-(Ce)Ce3CaMg2Al2Si2O15(OH)2FMon. 2/m : P21/m

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

58.2.3.1SursassiteMn2+2Al3(SiO4)(Si2O7)(OH)3Mon. 2/m : P21/m

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

16.16.1KanonaiteMn3+Al(SiO4)OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
16.16.2SpessartineMn2+3Al2(SiO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
16.16.3DavreuxiteMnAl6Si4O17(OH)2Mon.
16.16.4SursassiteMn2+2Al3(SiO4)(Si2O7)(OH)3Mon. 2/m : P21/m
16.16.5CarpholiteMn2+Al2(Si2O6)(OH)4Orth.
16.16.6KellyiteMn2+2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4Hex.
16.16.7PennantiteMn2+5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8Tric.
16.16.8AkatoreiteMn2+9Al2Si8O24(OH)8Tric.
16.16.9Ganophyllite(K,Na,Ca)2Mn8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)32 · 8H2OMon.
16.16.10Mangano-ferri-eckermannite{Na}{Na2}{Mn2+4Fe3+}Si8O22(OH)2Mon.
16.16.11Masutomilite(K,Rb)(Li,Mn3+,Al)3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2Mon.
16.16.13HowieiteNa(Fe,Mn)10(Fe,Al)2Si12O31(OH)13Tric.
16.16.14Eggletonite(Na,K,Ca)2(Mn,Fe)8(Si,Al)12O29(OH)7 · 11H2OMon.
16.16.15Bannisterite(Ca,K,Na)(Mn2+,Fe2+)10(Si,Al)16O38(OH)8 · nH2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
16.16.16Taneyamalite(Na,Ca)(Mn,Mg,Fe)12Si12(O,OH)44Tric.
16.16.17ZussmaniteK(Fe,Mg,Mn)13(Si,Al)18O42(OH)14Trig. 3 : R3
16.16.18CoombsiteK(Mn,Fe,Mg)13(Si,Al)18O42(OH)14Trig.
16.16.19HenritermieriteCa3(Mn3+,Al)2(SiO4)2(OH)4Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/acd
16.16.21Ottrélite(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2Mon.
16.16.22Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
16.16.23OkhotskiteCa2(Mn,Mg)(Mn3+,Al,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2OMon.
16.16.24Pumpellyite-(Mn2+)Ca2Mn2+Al2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2OMon.
16.16.25Piemontite-(Sr){CaSr}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for MacfalliteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Moore, P.B., Ito, J., and Steele, I.M. (1979) Macfallite and orientite: calcium manganese (III) silicates from upper Michigan. Mineralogical Magazine: 43: 325-331.
American Mineralogist (1980): 65: 406.
Moore, P.B., J. Shen, and T. Araki (1985) Crystal chemistry of the 2∞[M 3+ 2ф2(TO4)2] sheet: structural principles and crystal structures of ruizite, macfallite and orientite. American Mineralogist (1985): 70: 171-181.
Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte (1989): 455.
Nagashima, Mariko; Rahmoun, Nouri-Said; Alekseev, Evgeny V.; Geiger, Charles A.; Armbruster, Thomas; Akasaka, Masahide (2008): Crystal chemistry of macfallite: relationships to sursassite and pumpellyite. American Mineralogist 93, 1851-1857.

Internet Links for MacfalliteHide

Localities for MacfalliteHide

ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Italy
 
  • Aosta Valley
    • Saint-Marcel
- Ciriotti, M.E., Camara, F., Bittarello, E., Ambrino, P. (2013). Macfallite: secondo ritrovamento italiano a Prabornaz. Micro, 11, 50-59; Frank K. Mazdab collection (see https://www.rockptx.com/fkm-151-to-fkm-175/#FKM-171 for analytical data).
  • Liguria
    • La Spezia Province
      • Vara Valley
        • Borghetto Vara
Palenzona A. (1990) - Orientite e MacFallite di Cerchiara (La Spezia) - Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, Milano, Fasc. 2, pp111-114
Japan
 
  • Hokkaido
    • Okhotsk Subprefecture (Abashiri Province)
      • Tokoro-gun
Miyajima, N., Osawa, S., Miura, H., Kikuchi, T. and Hiriya, Yu (1994) Proceedings of the 9th Quadrennial International Association on the Genesis of Ore Deposits (IAGOD) Symposium (Beijing), 603-616.
Serbia
 
  • Zaječar District
    • Bor area
Pačevski, A., Cvetković, V., Šarić, K.,Banješević, M., Hoefer, H.E., Kremenović, A. (2016): Manganese mineralization in andesites of Brestovačka Banja, Serbia: evidence of sea-floor exhalations in the Timok Magmatic Complex. Mineralogy and Petrology: 110: 491-502; http://forum.amiminerals.it/viewtopic.php?f=5&t=12922&sid=9b89d03bd5ce87f39ba8564967753056 (2016)
USA (TL)
 
  • Michigan
    • Keweenaw Co.
      • Copper Harbor
[Nickel & Nichols, 1991 - "Mineral Reference Manual", p124]
  • New Jersey
    • Sussex Co.
      • Franklin mining district
        • Franklin
          • Franklin Mine
Steven Kuitems
Mineral and/or Locality  
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