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Anthonyite

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John W. Anthony
Formula:
Cu(OH,Cl)2 · 3H2O
Colour:
Lavender
Hardness:
2
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
Named by Sidney A. William in 1963 in honor of John Williams Anthony (25 November 1920, Brockton, Massachusetts, USA - 8 November 1992), Professor of Mineralogy in the University of Tucson, Arizona, USA. He was a coauthor of the Handbook of Mineralogy project, author of the Mineralogy of Arizona.
Chemically similar to spertiniite. Also compare 'UM1974-06-O:CuH'.


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Classification of AnthonyiteHide

Approved
Approval Year:
1967
First Published:
1963
3.DA.40

3 : HALIDES
D : Oxyhalides, hydroxyhalides and related double halides
A : With Cu, etc., without Pb
6.2.6.1

6 : HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
2 : X(OH)2
8.2.9

8 : Halides - Fluorides, Chlorides, Bromides and Iodides; also Fluoborates and Fluosilicates
2 : Halides of Cu

Pronounciation of AnthonyiteHide

Pronounciation:
PlayRecorded byCountry
Jolyon & Katya RalphUnited Kingdom

Physical Properties of AnthonyiteHide

Transparency:
Translucent
Colour:
Lavender
Hardness:
Tenacity:
Sectile
Cleavage:
Distinct/Good
on {100}

Optical Data of AnthonyiteHide

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.526 nβ = 1.602 nγ = 1.602
2V:
Measured: 3°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.076
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
relatively weak
Pleochroism:
Weak
Comments:
X = rich lavender, Y = Z = deep smoky blue, Orientation: Y = b, Z vs. b = 13°

Chemical Properties of AnthonyiteHide

Formula:
Cu(OH,Cl)2 · 3H2O
IMA Formula:
Cu(OH)2 · 3H2O

Crystallography of AnthonyiteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Morphology:
Prismatic crystals, commonly curved along [001]
Comment:
Space group not determined; only beta angle given.

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
5.84 (10)
4.14 (7)
3.99 (6)
3.44 (6)
2.87 (6)
3.18 (4)
3.07 (4)
Comments:
Recorded on material from the type locality

Type Occurrence of AnthonyiteHide

General Appearance of Type Material:
as prismatic crystals, commonly curved, to 1 cm; as crusts
Place of Conservation of Type Material:
National Museum of Natural History, Washington, D.C., USA (Nos. 142653 and 162617)
Geological Setting of Type Material:
In cavities and fractures in basalt, formed by the action of chlorine-bearing connate waters on copper
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Other Language Names for AnthonyiteHide

German:Anthonyit
Spanish:Anthonyita

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Goethite1 photo of Anthonyite associated with Goethite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

3.DA.05MelanothalliteCu2Cl2OOrth.
3.DA.10aAtacamiteCu2(OH)3ClOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
3.DA.10bBotallackiteCu2(OH)3ClMon. 2/m : P21/m
3.DA.10bClinoatacamiteCu2(OH)3ClMon. 2/m
3.DA.10aHibbingiteFe2+2(OH)3ClOrth.
3.DA.10aKempiteMn2+2(OH)3ClOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
3.DA.10cParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2Trig. 3m (3 2/m)
3.DA.10bBelloiteCu(OH)ClMon. 2/m : P21/b
3.DA.10cHerbertsmithiteCu3Zn(OH)6Cl2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
3.DA.10cKapellasiteCu3Zn(OH)6Cl2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
3.DA.10cGillarditeCu3Ni(OH)6Cl2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
3.DA.10cHaydeeiteCu3Mg(OH)6Cl2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
3.DA.15ClaringbulliteCu4ClF(OH)6Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
3.DA.15BarlowiteCu4BrF(OH)6Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
3.DA.20SimonkolleiteZn5Cl2(OH)8 · H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
3.DA.25ButtgenbachiteCu19(NO3)2(OH)32Cl4 · 2H2OHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
3.DA.25ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2OHex. 6 m2 : P62c
3.DA.30AbhuriteSn21Cl16(OH)14O6Trig.
3.DA.35PonomareviteK4Cu4Cl10OMon.
3.DA.40CalumetiteCu(OH,Cl)2 · 2H2OOrth.
3.DA.45KhaidarkaniteNa0.34Cu4Al3(OH)14F3 · 2H2OMon.
3.DA.50BobkingiteCu5Cl2(OH)8 · 2H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
3.DA.55AvdoniniteK2Cu5(OH)4Cl8 · H2OMon. 2/m
3.DA.60DroninoiteNi6Fe2+3(OH)16Cl2 · 4H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

8.2.1NantokiteCuClIso. 4 3m : F4 3m
8.2.2TolbachiteCuCl2Mon.
8.2.3EriochalciteCuCl2 · 2H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
8.2.4AtacamiteCu2(OH)3ClOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
8.2.5ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2Trig. 3m (3 2/m)
8.2.6BotallackiteCu2(OH)3ClMon. 2/m : P21/m
8.2.7MelanothalliteCu2Cl2OOrth.
8.2.8CalumetiteCu(OH,Cl)2 · 2H2OOrth.
8.2.10ClaringbulliteCu4ClF(OH)6Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
8.2.11MarshiteCuIIso. 4 3m : F4 3m
8.2.12MitscherlichiteK2CuCl4 · 2H2OTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m)
8.2.13PonomareviteK4Cu4Cl10OMon.

Other InformationHide

Special Storage/
Display Requirements:
Dehydration in air begins a few weeks after the material has been indoors and then proceeds rapidly.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for AnthonyiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Williams, S.A. (1963) Anthonyite and calumetite, two new minerals from the Michigan copper district. American Mineralogist: 48: 614-619.
Fleischer, M. (1964) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 49: 439-448.
International Mineralogical Association (1967) Commission on new minerals and mineral names. Mineralogical Magazine: 36: 131-136.
Anthony, J.W. et al. (1997): Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3, 18.

Internet Links for AnthonyiteHide

Localities for AnthonyiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Germany
 
  • Hesse
    • Richelsdorf District
      • Nentershausen
        • Süß
          • Richelsdorf Smelter
S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Greece
 
  • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
    • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
Schnorrer-Köhler, G. (1986): Neufunde in den Schlacken von Laurion. Lapis, 11 (6), 25-29; 42.
Mexico
 
  • Sonora
    • Mun. de Puerto Penasco
J. W. Anthony et al.: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3 (1997), 18
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Cochise Co.
      • Mule Mts
        • Warren District
          • Bisbee
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 114; Graeme, R. (1981), Famous mineral localities: Bisbee, AZ, Min.Rec.: 12: 256-319.
    • Gila Co.
      • Dripping Spring Mts
        • Banner District
          • Christmas area
            • Christmas
Raman analyzed at the University of Arizona.
  • Michigan
    • Houghton Co.
      • Centennial
Williams, S.A. (1963): Anthonyite and calumetite, two new minerals from the Michigan Copper District. American Mineralogist. 48, 614-619; Rocks & Min.:58:109.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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