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About Magnesio-arfvedsoniteHide

The arfvedsonite group minerals are sodium amphiboles defined with A(Na+K+2Ca)> 0.5 apfu and 0.5 apfu < C(Al+Fe3++2Ti) < 1.5 apfu with Fe as the dominant element in the C3+ position.

Magnesio-arfvedsonite is defined with

A position: Na dominant
C2+ position: Mg dominant
C3+ position: Fe dominant
W position: (OH) dominant
Bluish-black to black, purple
5 - 6
Crystal System:
For its relationship to arfvedsonite
CFe3+-dominant analogue of eckermannite.

Classification of Magnesio-arfvedsoniteHide

Renamed by the IMA
Approval History:
Renamed by IMA: 2014

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
D : Inosilicates
E : Inosilicates with 2-periodic double chains, Si4O11; Clinoamphiboles

14 : Silicates not Containing Aluminum
24 : Silicates of Fe, Mg and alkalis

Pronounciation of Magnesio-arfvedsoniteHide

PlayRecorded byCountry
Jolyon & Katya RalphUnited Kingdom

Physical Properties of Magnesio-arfvedsoniteHide

Bluish-black to black, purple
Pale grey to dark bluish-grey.
5 - 6 on Mohs scale

Optical Data of Magnesio-arfvedsoniteHide

Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.660 nβ = 1.662 nγ = 1.664
Measured: 33° to 40°, Calculated: 88°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.004
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:

Chemical Properties of Magnesio-arfvedsoniteHide


The arfvedsonite group minerals are sodium amphiboles defined with A(Na+K+2Ca)> 0.5 apfu and 0.5 apfu < C(Al+Fe3++2Ti) < 1.5 apfu with Fe as the dominant element in the C3+ position.

Magnesio-arfvedsonite is defined with

A position: Na dominant
C2+ position: Mg dominant
C3+ position: Fe dominant
W position: (OH) dominant
IMA Formula:

Crystallography of Magnesio-arfvedsoniteHide

Crystal System:
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
Cell Parameters:
a = 9.867(1) Å, b = 17.928(2) Å, c = 5.2839(6) Å
β = 103.799(2)°
a:b:c = 0.55 : 1 : 0.295
Unit Cell V:
907.72 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:

Type Occurrence of Magnesio-arfvedsoniteHide

Place of Conservation of Type Material:
Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, American Museum of Natural History, New York, NY, USA, catalogue number H35024

Synonyms of Magnesio-arfvedsoniteHide

Other Language Names for Magnesio-arfvedsoniteHide

Varieties of Magnesio-arfvedsoniteHide

AnophoriteAmphibole Group. A variety of Magnesio-Arfvedsonite. Designated a titanian calcian Magnesio-Arfvedsonite.
Originally reported from Michelsberg Quarry, Katzenbuckel Mt., Eberbach, Odenwald, Baden-Württemberg, Germany.
Chromian Magnesio-arfvedsoniteCr bearing (up to Fe:Cr = 1:1) variety of Magnesio-arfvedsonite from jadeitites of Myanmar.

Relationship of Magnesio-arfvedsonite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
Potassic-arfvedsonite[(K,Na)][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
Potassic-magnesio-arfvedsonite[K][Na2][Mg4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Orthoclase6 photos of Magnesio-arfvedsonite associated with Orthoclase on mindat.org.
Albite6 photos of Magnesio-arfvedsonite associated with Albite on mindat.org.
Pectolite4 photos of Magnesio-arfvedsonite associated with Pectolite on mindat.org.
Låvenite4 photos of Magnesio-arfvedsonite associated with Låvenite on mindat.org.
Aegirine4 photos of Magnesio-arfvedsonite associated with Aegirine on mindat.org.
Jinshajiangite4 photos of Magnesio-arfvedsonite associated with Jinshajiangite on mindat.org.
Braunite4 photos of Magnesio-arfvedsonite associated with Braunite on mindat.org.
Vitusite-(Ce)4 photos of Magnesio-arfvedsonite associated with Vitusite-(Ce) on mindat.org.
Batisite3 photos of Magnesio-arfvedsonite associated with Batisite on mindat.org.
Natrolite3 photos of Magnesio-arfvedsonite associated with Natrolite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.DE.Clino-suenoite□{Mn2+2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.05Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
9.DE.05Clino-holmquistite Root Name☐{Li2}{Z2+3Z3+2}(Si8O22)(OH,F,Cl)2Mon.
9.DE.05Grunerite☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.05Ferro-fluoro-pedrizite{Na}{Li2}{Fe2Al2Li}(Al2Si6O22)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.05Ferri-fluoro-leakeite{Na}{Na2}{Mg2Fe3+2Li}(Si8O22)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.10Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.10Ferro-tschermakite☐{Ca2}{Fe2+3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.10Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.10Tschermakite☐(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.10Parvo-manganotremolite☐{CaMn2+}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.10Fluoro-tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.10Potassic-fluoro-pargasite{K}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2 Mon.
9.DE.15Fluoro-edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m : P2/m
9.DE.15Magnesio-fluoro-hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Potassic-fluoro-hastingsite{K}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Potassic-chloro-hastingsite{K}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(Cl,OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Fluoro-pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Parvo-mangano-edenite{Na}{CaMn2+}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Potassic-magnesio-hastingsite{K}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Potassic-ferro-pargasite{K}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Chromio-pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Cr3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Ferro-taramiteNa(CaNa)(Fe2+3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Ferro-ferri-katophoriteNa(NaCa)(Fe2+4Fe3+)(Si7Al)O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Ferro-barroisite☐{CaNa}{Fe2+3Al2}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Ferro-winchite ☐{CaNa}{Fe2+4Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.20Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Winchite☐{CaNa}{Mg4Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m
9.DE.20Taramite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Fluoro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m
9.DE.20Katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Potassic-richterite{K}{CaNa}{Mg5}Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Ferri-ghoseite☐[Mn2+Na][Mg4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m
9.DE.20Ferri-winchite☐[CaNa][Mg4(Fe3+,Al)]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Fluoro-taramite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25EckermanniteNaNa2(Mg4Al}Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25NybøiteNaNa2(Mg3Al2)(AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Ferro-ferri-nybøiteNaNa2[(Fe2+3,Mg)Fe3+2](AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Clino-ferro-ferri-holmquistite◻{Li2}{Fe2+3Fe3+2}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Potassic-ferri-leakeite[K][Na2][Mg2Fe3+2Li]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Fluoro-nybøiteNaNa2(Mg3Al2)(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Mangani-dellaventuraite{Na}{Na2}{MgMn3+2LiTi4+}Si8O22O2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Fluoro-pedriziteNaLi2(Mg2Al2Li)(Si8O22)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Potassic-arfvedsonite[(K,Na)][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Mangani-obertiiteNa(Na2)(Mg3Mn3+Ti)(Si8O22)O2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Ferro-ferri-pedrizite[Na][Li2][Fe2+2Fe3+2Li]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Potassic-magnesio-arfvedsonite[K][Na2][Mg4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25PedriziteNaLi2(LiMg2Al2)(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Ferro-pedriziteNaLi2(Fe2+2Al2Li)Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Fluoro-leakeiteNaNa2(Mg2Al2Li)(Si8O22)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Ferro-ferri-obertiiteNaNa2(Fe2+3Fe3+Ti)Si8O22O2Mon. 2/m : B2/m

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

14.24.3CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
14.24.4Roedderite(Na,K)2(Mg,Fe)5Si12O30Hex. 6 m2 : P62c
14.24.6ChayesiteK(Mg,Fe)4FeSi12O30Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P6/mcc

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Magnesio-arfvedsoniteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Mandarino, J.A. (1998) The Second List of Additions and Corrections to the Glossary of Mineral Species (1995). The Amphibole Group. Mineralogical Record: 29: 169-174.
Hawthorne, F.C., Oberti, R. (2006) On the classification of amphiboles. The Canadian Mineralogist: 44: 1-21.
Hawthorne, F.C., Oberti, R., Zanetti, A. (2008) The crystal chemistry of alkali amphiboles from the Kajlidongri Manganese Mine, India. Canadian Mineralogist 46, 455-466.
Hawthorne, F.C., Oberti, R., Harlow, G.E., Maresch, W.V., Martin, R.F., Schumacher, J.C., Welch, M.D. (2012) Nomenclature of the amphibole supergroup. American Mineralogist: 97: 2031-2048.
Oberti, R., Boiocchi, M., Hawthorne, F.C., Ball, N.A., Harlow, G.E. (2014) Magnesio-arfvedsonite, IMA 2013-137. CNMNC Newsletter No. 20, June 2014, page
553; Mineralogical Magazine: 78: 549-558.
Oberti, R., Boiocchi, M., Hawthorne, F.C., Ball, Neil, A., Harlow, G.E. (2015) Magnesio-arfvedsonite from Jade Mine Tract, Myanmar: mineral description and crystal chemistry. Mineralogical Magazine: 79: 253–260.

Internet Links for Magnesio-arfvedsoniteHide

Localities for Magnesio-arfvedsoniteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • Santiago del Estero
    • Ojo de Agua Department
Franchini, M., Lira, R., Meinert, L., Ríos, F. J., Poklepovic, M. F., Impiccini, A., & Millone, H. A. (2005). Na-Fe-Ca Alteration and LREE (Th-Nb) Mineralization in Marble and Granitoids of Sierra de Sumampa, Santiago del Estero, Argentina. Economic Geology, 100(4), 733-764.
  • New South Wales
    • Forbes Co.
      • Grenfell
No reference listed
  • Lower Austria
[var: Anophorite] R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
  • Minas Gerais
    • Araxá
Traversa, G., Gomes, C. B., Brotzu, P., Buraglini, N., Morbidelli, L., Principato, M. S., ... & Ruberti, E. (2001). Petrography and mineral chemistry of carbonatites and mica-rich rocks from the Araxá complex (Alto Paranaíba Province, Brazil). Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências, 73(1), 71-98.
  • British Columbia
    • Omenica Mining Division
      • Williston Lake
Jennifer Pell (1994) Carbonatites, Nepheline Syenites, Kimberlites and Related Rocks in British Columbia. Brithish Columbia Ministry of Energy Bulletin 88.
  • Ontario
    • Algoma District
      • McMurray Township
Sage (1988) Ont. Geol. Survey Study 47.
    • Thunder Bay District
      • O'Meara Township
Platt & Wooley (1990)
  • Québec
    • Abitibi-Témiscamingue
      • Témiscamingue RCM
        • Les Lacs-du-Témiscamingue
Frank Craig
    • Montérégie
      • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
        • Mont Saint-Hilaire
Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
    • Outaouais
      • Les Collines-de-l'Outaouais RCM
Donald D. Hogarth, and Pierre LaPointe, 1984, Amphibole and pyroxene development in fenite from Cantley, Quebec, Canadian Mineralogist; May 1984; v. 22; no. 2; p. 281-295.
  • Inner Mongolia
    • Baotou League (Baotou Prefecture)
      • Bayan Obo mining district
        • Bayan Obo
Smith, M.P. (2006): Lithos 93(1/2), 126-148.
  • Jiangsu
    • Lianyungang
      • Donghai Co.
Rong Yan and Jianjun Yang (2013): Acta Petrologica Sinica 29(5), 1621-1633
  • Liaoning
    • Dandong
      • Fengcheng Co.
        • Saima complex
Yiming Zhao and Daxin Li (2003): Mineral Deposits 22(4), 345-359
Czech Republic
  • Vysočina Region
    • Třebíč District
      • Moravské Budějovice
KRMÍČEK L. 2010: Pre-Mesozoic lamprophyres and lamproites of the Bohemian Massif (Czech Republic, Poland, Germany, Austria). Mineralogia - Special Papers, vol. 37, pp. 38-46
  • Greenland
    • Qeqqata
      • Isortoq Fjord (Søndre Isortoq)
        • Sarfartoq region
Petersen, O.V., Secher, K. (1984): Grönland, Der Karbonatit-Komplex von Sarfartoq, Magma, 6/1984
    • Sermersooq
      • Kangerlussuaq Fjord
MinRec 16:485-494
  • Lapland
    • Savukoski
      • Tulppio
Vartiainen, H.& Woolley, A. R. 1976. The petrography, mineralogy and chemistry of the fenites of the Sokli Carbonatite massif, northern Finland. Geological Survey of Finland, Bulletin 313, 62-80.
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Odenwald
      • Eberbach
        • Katzenbuckel
[var: Anophorite] Freudenberg, W. (1908): Der Anophorit, eine neue Hornblende vom Katzenbuckel, Habilitationschrift Universität Tübingen
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Mayen-Koblenz
      • Andernach
        • Nickenich
Hand Egon Künzel, Günter Blaß, Willi Schüller (2011) Mineralien - Bomben - Grottensteine: Der Nickenicher Weinberg. Lapis, 36, #7-8, 55-66
  • Madhya Pradesh
    • Balaghat District
      • Tirodi
V.K. Nayak and K.J. Neuvonen (1964). Some manganese minerals from India, Bulletin de la Commission Geologique de Finlande No 212.
    • Jhabua District
Bernard E. Leake, Colin M Ferrow, V.K.Nayak: (1981). “Further studies on winchite from the type locality”, American Mineralogist, Volume 66, pages 625-631; Hawthorne, F.C., Oberti, R., Zanetti, A. (2008) The crystal chemistry of alkali amphiboles from the Kajlidongri Manganese Mine, India. Canadian Mineralogist 46, 455-466.
  • Rajasthan (Rajputana)
    • Udaipur Division
      • Udaipur District
        • Udaipur
Viladkar, S. G. Graphite-bearing dolomite carbonatites in Newania, Western India.
  • Liguria
    • La Spezia Province
      • Vara Valley
        • Borghetto Vara
  • Piedmont
    • Cuneo Province
      • Maira Valley
        • Canosio
          • Vallone della Valletta
Cámara, F., Bittarello, E., Ciriotti, M.E., Nestola, F., Radica, F., Massimi, F., Balestra, C., Bracco, R. (2017a) As-bearing new mineral species from Valletta mine, Maira Valley, Piedmont, Italy: III. Canosioite, Ba2Fe3+(AsO4)2(OH), description and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine, 81, 305–317.
  • Ehime
    • Shikokuchuo City
      • Doi
Forrest Cureton specimens; Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
  • Fukushima
    • Iwaki City
Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2012), Hiromi Yamasaki specimen
  • Iwate
    • Kunohe-gun
      • Noda-mura
Excalibur Mineral Co. specimens
Ch. Wagner and D. Velde, Bull. Minéral. , 1985, 108, pp. 173-187.
  • Homa Bay County
Sutherland, D.S. (1969): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 24, 114-135.
    • Ruri complex
Sutherland, D.S. (1969): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 24, 114-135.
  • Amoron'i Mania
    • Ambositra District
Lacroix, A. (1913): Minéralogie de France et de ses colonies. Vol. 4 , p.787; Lacroix, A. (1915): Sur un nouveau minéral [ambatoarinite] de Madagascar. Bulletin de la Société francaise de Minéralogie, Paris. 38: 265-271; Leake (1978): Nomenclature of amphiboles. American Mineralogist: 16: 1023-
Lacroix, A. (1922): Mineralogie de Madagascar, Tome I. Géologie-Minéralogie descriptive. A. Challamel (Éditeur), Paris. p. 539; Leake (1978): Nomenclature of amphiboles. American Mineralogist: 16: 1023-.
    • Manandriana District
      • Andakatany Commune
Royal Museum for Central Africa, Belgium collection Sample # 11340
  • Bongolava
    • Tsiroanomandidy District
      • Ambatolampy Commune
Mukosi, Ndivhuwo Cecilia (2012): Petrogenesis of the Ambohiby Complex, Madagascar and the role of the Marion Hotspot Plume. Thesis (MSc)-Stellenbosch University, 2012
Myanmar (TL)
  • Kachin State
    • Mohnyin District (Moe Hnyin District)
      • Hpakant Township (Hpakan; Phakant; Phakan)
Oberti, R., Boiocchi, M., Hawthorne, F.C., Ball, N.A. and Harlow, G.E. (2014) Magnesio-arfvedsonite, IMA 2013-137. CNMNC Newsletter No. 20, June 2014, page 553; Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 549-558.
          • Hpakant (Hpakan; Phakant; Phakan)
Jing Wang, Guanghai Shi, Jun Wang, Ye Yuan, and Mengchu Yang (2013): Hydrothermal albitite from the Myanmar jadeite deposit. Acta Petrologica Sinica 29(4), 1450-1460 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data, Sieghard Ellenberger specimens
  • Kunene Region
    • Epupa
      • Swartbooisdrif
von Seckendorff, V., Drüppel, K., Okrusch, M., Cook, N.J., and Littmann, S. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 430-450.
New Zealand
  • South Island
    • West Coast Region
      • Westland District
        • Burke River
Cooper, A.F. (1996) Nb-rich baotite in carbonatites and fenites at Haast River, New Zealand. Mineralogical Magazine Vol. 60, 473-482.
  • Telemark
    • Nome
      • Fen Complex
[In fenite] Kresten, P. & Morgan, V. (1986): Fenization at the Fen complex, southern Norway. Lithos: 29:27-42
Kresten, P. & Morgan, V. (1986): Fenization at the Fen complex, southern Norway. Liyhos: 29:27-42
  • Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA)
    • Khyber Agency
Mian, I., & Le Bas, M. J. (1986). Sodic amphiboles in fenites from the Loe Shilman carbonatite complex, NW Pakistan. Mineral Magazine, 50, 187-197.
  • Lower Silesia
Republic of Macedonia
  • Prilep
Gunnar Färber
  • Chelyabinsk Oblast
    • Vishnevye Mts (Vishnyovye; Cherry)
Nedosekova, I.L. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(2), 129-146.
  • Murmansk Oblast
    • Khibiny Massif
Konopleva, N.G., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 720-731.
Pekov, I.V. & Podlesnyi, A.S. (2004): Kukisvumchorr Deposit: Mineralogy of Alkaline Pegmatites and Hydrotermalites. Mineralogical Almanac, vol. 7, 140 pages + xxiv photo's pages
Konopleva, N.G., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 720-731.
Pavel M. Kartashov data
      • Rypnetsk Mt.
Pavel M. Kartashov data
      • Yukspor Mt
        • Hackman Valley
Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte (2003): 10: 461-480.
Pavel M. Kartashov data
Pavel M. Kartashov data
    • Kovdor Massif
I. V. Pekov, N. V. Chukanov, I. M. Kulikova & D. L. Belakovsky (2006), Proceedings of the Russian Mineralogical Society 135(3), 52–60
    • Lovozero Massif
http://maurice.strahlen.org/kola/lovozero.htm; Yakovenchik, V.N., Ivaniuk, G.Yu., Pakhomovsky, Ya.A., Selivanova, E.A., Men'shikov, Yu.P., Korchak, J.A., Krivovichev, S.V., Spiridonova, D.V., Zalkind, O.A. (2010): Punkaruaivite, Li{Ti2(OH)2[Si4O11(OH)]}•H2O, a new mineral species from hydrothermalites of Khibiny and Lovozero alkaline massifs (Kola Peninsula, Russia). Canadian Mineralogist, 48, 41-50.
        • Umbozero mine (Umbozerskii mine; Umba Mine)
Pavel M. Kartashov data
Pavel M. Kartashov data
Pekov I V, Chukanov N V, Turchkova A G, Grishin V G (2001) Ferronordorite-(La), Na3Sr(La,Ce)FeSi6O17, a new mineral of the nordite group from Lovozero Massif, Kola Peninsula, Zapiski Vserossijskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva 130, issue 2, 53-58
      • Karnasurt Mt
      • Seidozero Lake
Pekov, I. et al (2003): New Data on Minerals: 38: 20-33.
Semenov E.I. (1972) Mineralogy of Lovozero alkaline massif, - Moscow, Nauka, p. 308 (in Rus.)
[AmMin 85:1562]; The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 43, pp. 735-746 (2005)
Pavel M. Kartashov data
  • Sakha Republic (Yakutia)
    • Aldan Shield
      • Aldan
        • Inagli Massif
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
      • Chara and Tokko Rivers Confluence
        • Murunskii Massif
          • Ditmar stream
Pavel M. Kartashov data; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
South Africa
  • North West
    • Bojanala Platinum District
R. Liferovich - L. Horváth p.c. (2004)
  • Northern Cape
    • Kalahari manganese field
      • Hotazel
Von Bezing, K. L. et al. (1991) The Kalahari manganese field: An Update, Mineralogical Record 22(4) 279-302;
  • Jönköping
    • Jönköping
      • Gränna
A.M. Clark: Hey's Mineral Index, 3 Ed., 1993; Naturhistoriska Riksmuseet, Stockholm
Holtstam, D.(1998): Jinshajiangite from the Norra Kärr alkaline intrusion, Jönköping, Sweden. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar: 120: 373-374
  • Västernorrland
    • Sundsvall
Sandström, F., Binett, T., Wiklund, C. & Vikström, J. (2010): Alnöområdets geologi och mineralogi. Litiofilen. 27 (2) :14-42
  • Eastern Region
    • Tororo District
Sutherland, D.S. (1969): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 24, 114-135.
  • Northern Region
    • Kotido District (Karamoja District)
Sutherland, D.S. (1969): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 24, 114-135.
  • Arkansas
    • Hot Spring Co.
      • Magnet Cove
Henry Barwood - unpublished (2010)
Henry Barwood - unpublished (2010)
  • California
    • Humboldt Co.
      • Coastal Range
Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 404.
  • Colorado
    • Gunnison Co.
      • White Earth District (Powderhorn District)
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckel
  • Montana
    • Lincoln Co.
      • Libby District (Snowshoe District)
        • Libby
American Mineralogist, Volume 88, pages 1955–1969, 2003
    • Meagher Co.
www.cseg.ca/conferences/2000/376.PDF; Chakhmouradian A.R., Mitchell R.H. (2002): The mineralogy of Ba- and Zr-rich alkaline pegmatites from Gordon Butte, Crazy Mountains (Montana, USA): comparisons between potassic and sodic agpaitic pegmatites. Contrib. Mineral. Petrol., 143, 93-114.
  • Utah
    • Duchesne Co.
American Mineralogst 59:830-836, (1974)
American Mineralogist 59, pages 830-836, 1974
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
  • Wyoming
    • Sweetwater Co.
MILTON, C. (1977): Mineralogy of the Green River Formation. Mineralogical Record 8, 368-379.
The Moon
J. Frondel (2009), Lunar Mineralogy, Wiley Interscience
Mineral and/or Locality  
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