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Brown, yellow
7 - 7½
Crystal System:
Named by J.V. Smith and B. Mason in 1970 in honor of Alan Major, Department of Geophysics and Geochemistry, Australian National University, Canberra. He assisted A.E. Ringwood in the high-pressure synthesis of garnet from pyroxene.
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Classification of MajoriteHide


9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
A : Nesosilicates
D : Nesosilicates without additional anions; cations in [6] and/or greater coordination

51 : NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
4 : Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination

14 : Silicates not Containing Aluminum
21 : Silicates of Fe and Mg

Physical Properties of MajoriteHide

Brown, yellow
7 - 7½ on Mohs scale

Optical Data of MajoriteHide


Chemical Properties of MajoriteHide

IMA Formula:
Common Impurities:

Crystallography of MajoriteHide

Crystal System:
Cell Parameters:
a = 11.52 Å
Unit Cell V:
1,528.82 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Type Occurrence of MajoriteHide

Synonyms of MajoriteHide

Other Language Names for MajoriteHide

Simplified Chinese:镁铁榴石
Traditional Chinese:鎂鐵榴石

Relationship of Majorite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
AlmandineFe2+3Al2(SiO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
AndraditeCa3Fe3+2(SiO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
EringaiteCa3Sc2(SiO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
Menzerite-(Y){(Y,REE),(Ca,Fe2+)}3{(Mg,Fe2+),(Fe3+,Al)}2[SiO4]3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
Momoiite(Mn2+,Ca)3V3+2(SiO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
SpessartineMn2+3Al2(SiO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
UvaroviteCa3Cr2(SiO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
Forms a series with:

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.AD.AdrianiteCa12(Al4Mg3Si7)O32Cl6Iso. 4 3m : I4 3d
9.AD.05LarniteCa2SiO4Mon. 2/m
9.AD.10Calcio-olivineCa2SiO4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
9.AD.15MerwiniteCa3Mg(SiO4)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.AD.25AndraditeCa3Fe3+2(SiO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
9.AD.25AlmandineFe2+3Al2(SiO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
9.AD.25GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
9.AD.25HenritermieriteCa3(Mn3+,Al)2(SiO4)2(OH)4Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/acd
9.AD.25HibschiteCa3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4xIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
9.AD.25KatoiteCa3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x (x = 1.5-3)Iso.
9.AD.25SpessartineMn2+3Al2(SiO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
9.AD.25UvaroviteCa3Cr2(SiO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
9.AD.25Wadalite(Ca,Mg)6(Al,Fe3+)4((Si,Al)O4)3O4Cl3Iso. 4 3m : I4 3d
9.AD.25HoltstamiteCa3(Al,Mn3+)2(SiO4)2(OH)4Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/acd
9.AD.25KerimasiteCa3Zr2(SiO4)(Fe3+O4)2Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
9.AD.25ToturiteCa3Sn2(SiO4)(Fe3+O4)2Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
9.AD.25Momoiite(Mn2+,Ca)3V3+2(SiO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
9.AD.25EringaiteCa3Sc2(SiO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
9.AD.25EltyubyuiteCa12Fe3+10Si4O32Cl6Iso. 4 3m : I4 3d
9.AD.25HutcheoniteCa3Ti2(SiAl2)O12Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
9.AD.30CoffiniteU(SiO4) · nH2OTet.
9.AD.30HafnonHfSiO4Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
9.AD.30ZirconZr(SiO4)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
9.AD.30Stetindite-(Ce)Ce(SiO4)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
9.AD.40EulytineBi4(SiO4)3Iso. 4 3m : I4 3d
9.AD.45ReiditeZrSiO4Tet. 4/m : I41/a

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

51.4.3a.2AlmandineFe2+3Al2(SiO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
51.4.3a.3SpessartineMn2+3Al2(SiO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

14.21.2Ringwoodite(Mg,Fe2+)2SiO4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
14.21.4ClinoferrosiliteFe2+SiO3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
14.21.5Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
14.21.7 Magnesiocummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
14.21.8Grunerite☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
14.21.9MinnesotaiteFe2+3Si4O10(OH)2Tric. 1 : P1
14.21.11Jimthompsonite(Mg,Fe)5Si6O16(OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
14.21.12Clinojimthompsonite(Mg,Fe)5Si6O16(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for MajoriteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Smith, J.V., Mason, B. (1970) Pyroxene-garnet transformation in Coorara meteorite. Science: 168: 832-833.
Fleischer, M., Nickel, E.H. (1970) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 55: 1810-1818.
Coleman, L.C. (1977) Ringwoodite and majorite in the Catherwood meteorite. The Canadian Mineralogist: 15: 97-101.
Mao, H.K., Bell, P.M., Boctor, N.Z. (1982) The mineral chemistry of majorite in L6 chondrites. Annual Report of the Director Geophysical Laboratory: 81: 279-281.
Akaogi, M., Kusaba, K., Susaki, J., Yagi, T., Matsui, M., Kikegawa, T., Yusa, H., Ito, E. (1992) High-pressure high-temperature stability of a a-PbO2-type TiO2 and MgSiO3 majorite: calorimetric and in situ X-ray diffraction studies. In Y. Syono and M.H. Manghnani, Editors, High-Pressure Research Application to Earth and Planetary Sciences, Terra Scientific/American Geophysical Union, Tokyo/Washington, D.C.: 67: 447-455.
Wang, Y., Gasparik, T., Liebermann, R.C. (1993) Modulated microstructure in synthetic majorite. American Mineralogist: 78: 1165-1173.
Hazen, R.M., Downs, R.T., Finger, L.W., Conrad, P.G. (1994) Crystal chemistry of Ca-bearing majorite. American Mineralogist: 79: 581-584.
Gwanmesia, G.D., Liu, J., Chen, G., Kesson, S., Rigden, S.M., Liebermann, R.C. (2000) Elasticity of the pyrope (Mg3Al2Si3O12) - majorite (MgSiO3) garnets solid solution. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals: 27: 445-452.
Hofmeister, A., Giesting, P., Wopenka, B., Gwanmesia, G., Jolliff, B. (2004) Vibrational spectroscopy of pyrope-majorite garnets: structural implications. American Mineralogist: 89: 132-146.
Vinograd, V.L., Winkler, B., Wilson, D.J., Putnis, A., Gale, J.D. (2006) Monte Carlo simulation of mixing in Ca3Fe2Ge3O12 – Ca4Ge4O12 garnets and implications for the thermodynamic stability of pyrope-majorite solid solution. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals: 33: 533-544.
Grew, E.S., Locock, A.J., Mills, S.J., Galuskina, I.O., Galuskin, E.V., Hålenius, U. (2013) Nomenclature of the garnet supergroup. American Mineralogist: 98: 785-811.
Thomas, S.M., Wilson, K., Koch-Müller, M., Hauri, E.H., McCammon, C., Jacobsen, S.D., Lazarz, J., Rhede, D., Ren, M., Blair, N., Lenz, S. (2015) Quantification of water in majoritic garnet. American Mineralogist: 100: 1084-1092.
Ismailova, L., Bobrov, A., Bykov, M., Bykova, E., Cerantola, V., Kantor, I., Kupenko, I., McCammon, C., Dyadkin, V., Chernyshov, D., Pascarelli, S., Chumakov, A., Dubrovinskaia, N., Dubrovinsky, L. (2015) High-pressure synthesis of skiagite-majorite garnet and investigation of its crystal structure. American Mineralogist: 100: 2650-2654.
Pierre, M.D.L., Belmonte, D. (2016) Ab initio investigation of majorite and pyrope garnets: lattice dynamics and vibrational spectra. American Mineralogist: 101: 162-174.

Internet Links for MajoriteHide

Localities for MajoriteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • Eastern Antarctica
    • American Highland
      • Grove Mts
YT Lin, Lu Feng, Sen Hu (2011) High Pressure Mineral Assemblages in the Lherzolitic Shergottite Grove Mountains (GRV) 020090. Japan Geooscience Union Meeting Makuhari, Chiba Japan.
Lu Feng, Masaaki Miyahara, Toshiro Nagase, Eiji Ohtani, Sen Hu, Ahmed El Goresy, Yangting Lin (2011) Shock Conditions and Formation Mechanism of Akimotoite-Pyroxene Glass Assemblages in the Grove Mountains (GRV) 052082. Japan Geooscience Union Meeting Makuhari, Chiba Japan.
    • Queen Maud Land
      • Queen Fabiola Mts (Yamato Mts)
Kato, Y., Sekine, T., Kayama, M., Miyahara, M., & Yamaguchi, A. (2017). High‐pressure polymorphs in Yamato‐790729 L6 chondrite and their significance for collisional conditions. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 52(12), 2570-2585.
  • New South Wales
    • Bourke Co.
Mason, B. (1974) Notes on Australian meteorites: Records of the Australian Museum 29(5): 169–186, plates 6–7. (May 1974).
  • Queensland
    • Barcoo Shire
      • Windorah
        • Tenham Station
Lunar and Planetary Science XXXIV (2003); American Mineralogist, Volume 84, pages 267–271, 1999; Grady, M.M., Pratesi, G. & Moggi-Cecchi, V. (2015) Atlas of Meteorites. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, United Kingdom. 373 pages.
  • Western Australia
    • Dundas Shire
      • Rawlinna
Smith, J. V.; Mason, Brian 1970 Pyroxene-Garnet Transformation in Coorara Meteorite. Science, Volume 168, Issue 3933, pp. 832-833
  • Alberta
    • Peace River
Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 21, pp. 29-35 (1983); Grady, M.M., Pratesi, G. & Moggi-Cecchi, V. (2015) Atlas of Meteorites. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, United Kingdom. 373 pages.
  • Québec
    • Abitibi-Témiscamingue
      • La Vallée-de-l'Or RCM
        • Réservoir-Dozois
Olivier Langelier Collection
  • Saskatchewan
    • Catherwood
Canadian Mineralogist (1977): 15: 97-101.
  • Hubei
    • Suizhou
      • Zengdu District (Cengdou District)
        • Xihe
Xie Xiande, Shu Jinfu, and Chen Ming (2005): Science in China, Series D (Earth Sciences), 48(6), 815-821.; Xie Xiande, Chen Ming, Wang Deqiang, A. El Goresy (2001): NaAlSi3O8-hollandite and other high-pressure minerals in the shock melt veins of the Suizhou meteorite. Chinese Science Bulletin 46, 1116-1125.; Chen, M., Shu, J., & Mao, H. K. (2008). Xieite, a new mineral of high-pressure FeCr2O4 polymorph. Chinese Science Bulletin, 53(21), 3341-3345.; Chen, M., & Xie, X. (2015). Shock-produced akimotoite in the Suizhou L6 chondrite. Science China Earth Sciences, 58(6), 876-880.
  • Jiangsu
    • Taizhou
      • Gaogang District
        • Sixiangkou
Miyajima, N., El Goresy, A., Dupas-Bruzek, C., Seifert, F., Rubie, D.C., Chen, M., Xie, X. (2007): Ferric iron in Al-bearing akimotoite coexisting with iron-nickel metal in a shock-melt vein in an L-6 chondrite. American Mineralogist, 92, 1545-1549.
  • Centre-Val de Loire
    • Loiret
      • Montargis
Baziotis, I., Asimow, P. D., Hu, J., Ferrière, L., Ma, C., Cernok, A., ... & Topa, D. (2018). High pressure minerals in the Château-Renard (L6) ordinary chondrite: implications for collisions on its parent body. Scientific reports, 8(1), 9851.
  • Kankan Region
Stachel, T., Harris, J., Aulbach, S., & Deines, P. (2002). Kankan diamonds (Guinea) III: δ13C and nitrogen characteristics of deep diamonds. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 142(4), 465-475.
  • Bihar
    • Gaya District
Malavergne, V., Guyot, F., Benzerara, K., & Martinez, I. (2001). Description of new shock‐induced phases in the Shergotty, Zagami, Nakhla and Chassigny meteorites. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 36(10), 1297-1305.
  • Mafraq
Yaseen, I. A. A. B. (2014). Petrography and Mineral Chemistry of the Almanden Garnet, and Implication for Kelyphite Texture in the Miocene Alkaline Basaltic Rocks North East Jordan. International Journal of Geosciences, 5(02), 222.
  • Akmola Region
    • Zerendy
      • Prirechnoye
        • Lake Kumdikol (Lake Kumdykol'; Ozero Kumdykol')
Nitsenko, P., and Ussoltsev, I.I. (2004): Earth Science Frontiers 11(2), 333-338
  • Souss-Massa
    • Tata Province
Baziotis, I. P., Liu, Y., DeCarli, P. S., Melosh, H. J., McSween, H. Y., Bodnar, R. J., & Taylor, L. A. (2013). The Tissint Martian meteorite as evidence for the largest impact excavation. Nature Communications, 4, 1404.
  • Yobe
    • Bogga Dingare
Weisberg, M.K. & Kimura, M. (2010). Petrology and Raman spectroscopy of high pressure phases in the Gujba CB chondrite and the shock history of the CB parent body. Meteoritics & Planetary Science Volume 45, Issue 5, pages 873–884. (May 2010)
  • Dhofar
Litasov, K. D., Badyukov, D. D., & Pokhilenko, N. P. (2019, March). Formation parameters of high-pressure minerals in the Dhofar 717 AND 864 chondrite meteorites. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 485, No. 1, pp. 327-330). Pleiades Publishing.
Litasov, K. D., Badyukov, D. D., & Pokhilenko, N. P. (2019, March). Formation parameters of high-pressure minerals in the Dhofar 717 AND 864 chondrite meteorites. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 485, No. 1, pp. 327-330). Pleiades Publishing.
D.D. Badjukov et al. , Lunar and Planetary Science, XXXVI (2005), 1684.pdf
Solomon Islands
  • Malaita Province
    • Malaita Island (Mala Island)
Ken Collerson (2000) Science (reported in: ); Mineralogical Magazine,1980, VOL. 43, PP. 587-96
South Africa
  • Free State
    • Thabo Mofutsanyane District
      • Clocolan
Field, M., Stiefenhofer, J., Robey, J., and Kurszlaukis, S. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 34, 33-75.
  • North West
    • Bojanala Platinum District
      • Swartruggens
Field, M., Stiefenhofer, J., Robey, J., and Kurszlaukis, S. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 34, 33-75.
  • Kansas
    • Ness Co.
Rubin, A.E. & Read, W.F. (1984) The Brownell and Ness County (1894) L6 Chondrites: Further sorting-out of Ness County meteorites. Meteoritics 19(3):153-160. (Sept 1984).
  • New Mexico
    • De Baca Co.
Acosta, T.E., Scott, E.R.D. & Sharma, S.K. (2012) Micro-Raman Mapping of Mineral Phases in the Strongly Shocked Taiban Ordinary Chondrite: 43rd Lunar and Planetary Science Conference. LPI Contribution No. 1659, id.2725.
    • Harding Co.
Zhidong Xie et al. , Lunar and Planetary Science XXXVI (2005), 1216.pdf
  • Texas
    • Randall Co.
Zhidong Xie et al. , Lunar and Planetary Science XXXI, 2065.pdf
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