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Maldonite

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Formula:
Au2Bi
System:
Isometric
Colour:
silver white with pink ...
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
1½ - 2
Member of:
Name:
Named for the type locality, Maldon (Australia).
Thermodynamically unstable below ~116°C, but is found in a metastable state in nature.


Classification of Maldonite

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
2.AA.40

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
A : Alloys
A : Alloys of metalloids with Cu, Ag, Au
Dana 7th ed.:
1.1.5.1
1.1.3.1

1 : NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
1 : Metals, other than the Platinum Group
1.50

1 : Elements and Alloys (including the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au)

Physical Properties of Maldonite

Metallic
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Opaque
Colour:
silver white with pink tint
Comment:
Tarnishes to black
Hardness (Mohs):
1½ - 2
Hardness (Vickers):
VHN100=147 - 264
Hardness Data:
Measured
Tenacity:
Malleable
Cleavage:
Distinct/Good
001 & 110
Fracture:
Hackly
Density:
15.46 g/cm3 (Measured)    

Optical Data of Maldonite

Type:
Isotropic
Reflectivity:
9-59%nmR=9-59%

Reflectance graph
Graph shows reflectance levels at different wavelengths (in nm). Top of box is 100%. Peak reflectance is 9-59%.
Colour in reflected light:
While, blue tint

Chemical Properties of Maldonite

Formula:
Au2Bi
Elements listed in formula:

Crystallography of Maldonite

Crystal System:
Isometric
Class (H-M):
m3m (4/m 3 2/m) - Hexoctahedral
Space Group:
Fd3m
Cell Parameters:
a = 7.97 Å
Unit Cell Volume:
V 506.26 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Morphology:
octahedral crystals or massive
X-Ray Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
2.41 (100)
2.30 (50)
1.53 (60)
1.412 (50)

Type Occurrence of Maldonite

Geological Setting of Type Material:
Gold reef associated with Devonian granites

Relationship of Maldonite to other Species

Member of:
Other Members of Group:
2.AA.Domeykite-βCu3-xAs
2.AA.10aAlgodonite(Cu1-xAsx)
2.AA.10bDomeykiteCu3As
2.AA.10dKoutekiteCu5As2
2.AA.15NovákiteCu20AgAs10
2.AA.20CuprostibiteCu2(Sb,Tl)
2.AA.25KutinaiteAg6Cu14As7
2.AA.30Allargentum(Ag1-xSbx)
2.AA.35DyscrasiteAg3Sb
2.AA.45StistaiteSnSb
1.1CopperCu
1.2SilverAg
1.5GoldAu
1.6AuricuprideCu3Au
1.7Tetra-auricuprideAuCu
1.8ZincZn
1.9CadmiumCd
1.10DanbaiteCuZn2
1.11ZhanghengiteCuZn
1.12MercuryHg
1.13KolymiteCu7Hg6
1.14MoschellandsbergiteAg2Hg3
1.15EugeniteAg11Hg2
1.16SchachneriteAg1.1Hg0.9
1.17ParaschachneriteAg3Hg2
1.18LuanheiteAg3Hg
1.19Weishanite(Au,Ag)3Hg2
1.20IndiumIn
1.21AluminiumAl
1.22Khatyrkite(Cu,Zn)Al2
1.23Cupalite(Cu,Zn)Al
1.24DiamondC
1.25GraphiteC
1.26ChaoiteC
1.27LonsdaleiteC
1.28SiliconSi
1.29TinSn
1.30LeadPb
1.31AnyuiiteAuPb2
1.31NovodnepriteAuPb3
1.32LeadamalgamPb0.7Hg0.3
1.33ArsenicAs
1.34ArsenolampriteAs
1.35PaxiteCuAs2
1.36KoutekiteCu5As2
1.37DomeykiteCu3As
1.38Algodonite(Cu1-xAsx)
1.39NovákiteCu20AgAs10
1.40KutinaiteAg6Cu14As7
1.41AntimonySb
1.42StibarsenAsSb
1.43ParadocrasiteSb3As
1.44HorsforditeCu, Sb
1.45CuprostibiteCu2(Sb,Tl)
1.46Allargentum(Ag1-xSbx)
1.47AurostibiteAuSb2
1.48DyscrasiteAg3Sb
1.49BismuthBi
1.51SulphurS8
1.52RosickýiteS
1.53SeleniumSe
1.54TelluriumTe
1.55ChromiumCr
1.56RheniumRe
1.57IronFe
1.58ChromferideFe3Cr1-x (x=0.6)
1.59FerchromideCr3Fe1-x
1.60WairauiteCoFe
1.61NickelNi
1.62Kamacite(Fe,Ni)
1.63Taenite(Fe,Ni)
1.64TetrataeniteFeNi
1.65AwaruiteNi3Fe
1.66Palladium(Pd,Pt)
1.67PotaritePdHg
1.68PaolovitePd2Sn
1.69Stannopalladinite(Pd,Cu)3Sn2
1.70CabriitePd2CuSn
1.71Taimyrite(Pd,Cu,Pt)3Sn
1.72Atokite(Pd,Pt)3Sn
1.73Rustenburgite(Pt,Pd)3Sn
1.74Zvyagintsevite(Pd,Pt,Au)3(Pb,Sn)
1.75PlumbopalladinitePd3Pb2
1.76Osmium(Os,Ir,Ru)
1.77Iridium(Ir,Os,Ru)
1.82PlatinumPt
1.83HongshiitePtCu
1.84NiggliitePtSn
1.85IsoferroplatinumPt3Fe
1.86TetraferroplatinumPtFe
1.87TulameenitePt2CuFe
1.88FerronickelplatinumPt2FeNi
1.89Rhodium(Rh,Pt)

Other Names for Maldonite

Name in Other Languages:
German:Maldonit
Simplified Chinese:黑铋金矿
Spanish:Maldonita

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Maldonite

Reference List:
Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 834pp.: 89, 95-96.

Mineralogicheskii Zhurnal (1986): 8(3): 65-71.

Bernard & Hyrsl (2001) Minerals and their localities

Internet Links for Maldonite

mindat.org URL:
https://www.mindat.org/min-2553.html
Please feel free to link to this page.

Localities for Maldonite

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Georgiana Co.
      • Burraga
Sheppard, S., Walshe, J. L., & Pooley, G. D. (1995). Noncarbonate, skarnlike Au-Bi-Te mineralization, Lucky Draw, New South Wales, Australia. Economic Geology, 90(6), 1553-1569.
    • Gough Co.
Lawrence, L.J. , Ramsden, A.R. & Munro-Smith, V. (1998)- Maldonite and its paragenesis at Kingsgate, New South Wales. - Journal and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New South Wales, 131, 13-18.; Clissold, M. E. (2007) Aspects of the Supergene Geochemistry of Copper, Nickel and Bismuth. PhD Thesis University of Sydney, Australia 162pp.
  • Queensland
    • North Burnett Region
part of list University of Queensland
  • Tasmania
    • Kentish municipality
      • Moina - Middlesex District
Amy B.D. Cockerton and Andrew G. Tomkins (2012): Insights into the Liquid Bismuth Collector Model Through Analysis of the Bi-Au Stormont Skarn Prospect, Northwest Tasmania. Economic Geology 107, 667-682.
    • West Coast municipality
      • Rosebery district
        • Rosebery
Bottrill, R.S. & Baker, W.E. (2008) A Catalogue of the Minerals of Tasmania. Bull. 73. Tasmanian Geological Survey; Zaw, K., Large, R. R., & Huston, D. L. (1997). Petrologic and geochemical significance of a Devonian replacement zone in the Cambrian Rosebery massive sulfide deposit, western Tasmania. The Canadian Mineralogist, 35(5), 1325-1349.
  • Victoria
    • Mount Alexander Shire
Cristiana Ciobanu & Bill Birch 2008, Gold-Bismuth-Tellurium Mineralisation at Maldon, Victoria, Australia: A Classic Locality Revisited, Sixth Iinternational Conference, Mineralogy and Museums
Palache, C., H. Berman, and C. Frondel (1944) Dana’s system of mineralogy, (7th edition), v. I, 95–96.
Ciobanu, CL, Birch, WD, Cook, NJ, Pring, Grundler, PV, 2010. Petrogenetic significance of Au-Bi-Te-S associations: the example of Maldon, Central Victoria gold province, Australia. Lithos, 116, 1-17.
Ciobanu, CL, Birch, WD, Cook, NJ, Pring, Grundler, PV, 2010. Petrogenetic significance of Au-Bi-Te-S associations: the example of Maldon, Central Victoria gold province, Australia. Lithos, 116, 1-17.
        • Union Reef
No reference listed
  • Western Australia
    • Yilgarn Shire
      • Marvel Loch
Meinert, 1992. Skarns & Skarn Deposits; Econ Geol (1997) 92:181-209
Brazil
 
  • Goiás
    • Crixás gold field
      • Guarinos
        • Guarinos belt
Jost, H., and de Tarso Ferro de Oliveira Fortes, P. (2001): Mineralium Deposita 36, 358-376.
  • Minas Gerais
    • Iron Quadrangle
      • Mariana (Marianna de Itacolumy)
        • Passagem de Mariana district
Oberthür, T. and Weiser, T. W. (2008): Gold-bismuth-telluride-sulphide assemblages at the Viceroy Mine, Harare-Bindura-Shamva greenstone belt, Zimbabwe. Mineralogical Magazine 72, 953-970. [contains also data on Passagem de Mariana Mine]
Bulgaria
 
  • Haskovo Oblast (Khaskovo Oblast)
    • Ivaylovgrad Obshtina
      • Ivaylovgrad
T. Kerestedjian (1997) Argentonentlandite (Fe, Ni)8+хАg1-xS8 from Kamilski dol – a new mineral species for Bulgaria. Review of the Bulgarian Geological Society 58:15-18
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • Osoyoos Mining Division
      • Hedley
Econ Geol (1992) 87:1541-1565; MINFILE No 092HSE038; G.E. Ray and G.L. Dawson, (1994) The Geology and Mineral Deposits of the Hedley Gold Skarn District, Southern B.C. BC Geological Survey Bulletin 87:
Dawson, Garnet Linn. GEOLOGICAL SE flING OF TIlE HEDLEY GOLD SKARN CAMP WITH SPECIFIC REFERENCE TO THE FRENCH MINE, SOUTH-CENTRAL BRITISH COLUMBIA. Diss. University of British Columbia, 1994.
Chile
 
  • Aisén del General Carlos Ibáñez del Campo Region
    • Coyhaique Province (Coihaique Province)
      • Cerro Estatuas Ñirehuao district
Maksaev, V., Townley, B., Palacios, C., and Camus, F. (2007): Metallic ore deposits. In: Moreno, T., and Gibbons, W. (editors): The Geology of Chile. The Geological Society (London), pp. 414.
China
 
  • Anhui Province
    • Tongling Prefecture
      • Shizishan ore field
Huan Hu, Rucheng Wang, Jianjun Lu, and Guanghua Liu (2001): Mineral Deposits 20(1), 86-98; Yunsheng Ren, Liandeng Liu, Xiangzong Wan, and Guohua Chen (2004): Journal of Mineralogy and Petrology 24(2), 41-45
      • Tongguanshan ore field
- Yiming Zhao, Yinan Zhang, and Chengsi Bi (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 14, 227-249.
  • Guangdong Province
    • Zhaoqing Prefecture
      • Fengkai Co.
Shuzhang Tian, Jingyu Chen, and Baoqin Yuan (1990): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 10(4), 382-384
  • Hainan Province (Hainan Island)
    • Ledong Co.
Bin Shu, Ping'an Wang, Faxian Dong, and Zhongjian Li (2006): Geological Bulletin of China 25(6), 745-755
  • Hunan Province
    • Yiyang Prefecture
      • Heshan District
Shuzhang Tian (1989): Gold Geology 8(1), 78-83
  • Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region
    • Ulanhad League (Chifeng Prefecture)
      • Bairin Left Banner (Balin Zuoqi)
Dequan Zhang, Yunfen Lei, Taiyang Luo, Xiupo Bao, and Shengli Wang (1991): Mineral Deposits 10(3), 204-216
  • Shaanxi Province
    • Weinan Prefecture
      • Tongguan Co.
        • Tongyu gold field
Yanming Xu, Zonggui Zhou, Shuzhen Yao, Jun Chen, Suofei Xiong, and Xiaoning Zhou (2013): Mineral Deposits 32(5), 1011-1025
  • Yunnan Province
    • Dali Autonomous Prefecture
      • Heqing Co.
Zhou, H., Sun, X., Fu, Y., Lin, H., Jiang, L. (2016): Mineralogy and mineral chemistry of Bi-minerals: Constraints on ore genesis of the Beiya giant porphyry-skarn gold deposit, southwestern China. Ore Geology Reviews (in press); http://forum.amiminerals.it/viewtopic.php?f=5&t=12853 (2016)
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Central Bohemia Region
      • Příbram District
        • Psí hory gold district
          • Mokrsko
Lips, ALW (2006) A review of non-ferrous mineral deposits in Europe - Finalised initial database BRGM/RP -54957 - FR
Jiří Zachariáš, Petr Morávek, Petr Gadas, Jaroslava Pertoldová (2014): The Mokrsko-West gold deposit, Bohemian Massif, Czech Republic: Mineralogy, deposit setting and classification. Ore Geology Reviews 58, 238-263.
    • Plzeň Region
      • Klatovy (Klattau)
        • Vimperk
Šrein, V. et al.: Zlatonosná mineralizace v okolí Horské Kvildy na Šumavě, Česká republika. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 2008, vol. 16, 2, 153-176.
      • Sušice (Schüttenhofen)
Vavřín, I.: Nové poznatky o selenidech Českého masívu. Bulletin Mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1994, roč. 2, s. 82-89. ; Lips, ALW (2006) A review of non-ferrous mineral deposits in Europe - Finalised initial database BRGM/RP -54957 - FR
  • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
    • Vysočina Region
      • Humpolec
Bull. Minéral., 1988, 111, pp. 477-492.
Finland
 
  • Eastern Finland Region
    • Rantasalmi
Kojonen,Kari 2008. Au-Ag tellurides-selenides in Finland. International Geological Congress, Oslo August 6-14th. Abstract
  • Lapland Region
    • Kittilä
Eilu, P. (2003). Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003. Rovaniemi, Finland; Geological Survey of Finland 2008 Suurikuusikko - Gold Database
    • Ylitornio
Molnár, Ferenc 2015. Mineral Systems in mineral Potential Evaluation. Stakeholder Seminar, 06 May 2015 Rovaniemi.
  • Northern Finland Region
    • Haapavesi
Kojonen, Kari, Johanson, Bo, Sipilä, Esko 1991. The Kiimala gold deposit in Haapavesi, Western Finland. in: Geological Survey of Finland, Current Research 1989-1990. Geological Survey of Finland, Special Paper 12, 75-79, 1991
    • Kuusamo
Geological Survey of Finland 2008. Kouvervaara - Gold Database
    • Raahe
Geological Survey of Finland 2008. Laivakangas-N - Gold Database
  • Southwestern Finland Region
    • Huittinen
http://www.gsf.fi/explor/gold/jokisivu.htm; Eilu, P. (2003). Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003. Rovaniemi, Finland
    • Somero
Eilu, P. (2003). Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003. Rovaniemi, Finland
  • Western and Inner Finland Region
    • Lempäälä
Kuikka, Antti (2014) Pirkkalan alueen kultaesiintymien malmimineralogia. Summary: Ore mineralogy of the gold deposits in the Pirkkala area Volyymi: 212, Julkaisusarja: Tutkimusraportti - Report of Investigation. Geologin Tutkimuskeskus.
    • Pihtipudas
      • Kanalanmäki area
        • Säkkärämäki
Novoselov, K., Belogub, E., Kotlyarov, V., Mikhailov, A. (2015): Ore mineralogy and formation conditions of the Pirunkoukku gold occurrence (Finland). European Journal of Mineralogy: 27(5): 639-649
France
 
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Cantal
      • Massiac
        • Bonnac
          • Moulin de la Borie (Bonnac South)
R. Pierrot, P. Picot, J.J. Périchaud : "Inventaire Minéralogique du Cantal", BRGM and Editions G. de Bussac, 1971
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
  • Occitanie
    • Aude
      • Carcassonne
        • Mas-Cabardès
          • Salsigne
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
Greece
 
  • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
    • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
      • Lavrion District Mines
        • Agios Konstantinos [St Constantine] (Kamariza)
Voudouris, P. (2005). Gold and silver mineralogy of the Lavrion deposit, Attika, Greece. In Mineral deposit research: meeting the global challenge (pp. 1089-1092). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.
            • Hilarion area
Extra Lapis English No. 5 Gold
Iran
 
  • Lorestan Province
    • Ashour Abad
Nezafatis, N. (2006): Au-Sn-W-Cu Mineralization in the Astaneh-Sarband Area, West Central Iran. PhD thesis, University of Tübingen (Germany), 116 pp.
Japan
 
  • Kyushu Region
    • Kagoshima Prefecture
      • Osumi Peninsula
Am. Min. 75:434-435 (1990)
Mali
 
  • Sikasso Region
McFarlane, C. R., Mavrogenes, J., Lentz, D., King, K., Allibone, A., & Holcombe, R. (2011). Geology and intrusion-related affinity of the Morila gold mine, southeast Mali. Economic Geology, 106(5), 727-750.
Mauritania
 
  • Inchiri Region
    • Akjoujt (Akjout; Fort Repoux)
Sakellaris, G.A., Meyer, F.M. (2008) A Metamorphic Origin of the Guelb Moghrein Fe Oxide-Copper-Gold-Cobalt Deposit, Mauritania. http://www.minsoc.ru/2008-1-101-1
Morocco
 
  • High Atlas Mtn
    • Tichka massif
Y. Moëlo : "Compte-rendu de la réunion "Systématique des Minéraux" du 23 novembre 1989", Bull. Soc. Franç. Minéral. , France.
Namibia
 
  • Erongo Region
    • Karibib District
http://www.mineral.tu-freiberg.de/econgeology/lehre/namibia/22_9/22_9.html; Nörtemann, M. F. J., Mücke, A., Weber, K., & Meinert, L. D. (2000). Mineralogy of the Navachab skarn deposit, Namibia: an unusual Au-bearing skarn in high-grade metamorphic rocks. Communications of the Geological Survey of Namibia, 12, 149-156.
Pacific Ocean
 
  • East Pacific Rise
    • Juan de Fuca Ridge complex
      • Southern Gorda Ridge
Eos Trans. AGU, 81 (48), Fall Meet. Suppl., 2000; Tuomo Törmänen (2005) Ore Mineralogy, Geochemistry, and Formation of the Sediment-hosted Sea Floor Massive Sulfide Deposits at Escanaba Trough, NE Pacific, with Emphasis on the Transport and Deposition of Gold. Thesis University of Oulu
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
    • Kaczawskie Mts
Mikulski, S. Z. (2005, January). The telluride mineralization event (s) within the late-variscan gold deposits in the western Sudetes (NE part of the Bohemian massif, SW Poland). In Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge (pp. 1415-1418). Springer Berlin Heidelberg
        • Stara Góra
Mikulski, S. Z. (2005): Geological, mineralogical and geochemical characteristics of the Radzimowice Au-As-Cu deposit from the Kaczawa Mountains (Western Sudetes, Poland): an example of the transition of porphyry and epithermal style. Mineralium Deposita 39, 904-920.
1. R. Siuda, 2001 : New sulphate minerals from the Stara Góra oxidised zone, Radzimowice, Kaczawskie Mts., Mineralogical Society of Poland, Special Papers, vol 18, 186-188
    • Ząbkowice District
Mikulski, S. Z. (2013). Gold mineralization within contact-metamorphic and shear zones in the" Złoty Jar" quarry the Złoty Stok As-Au deposit area (Sudetes). Geological Quarterly, 40(3), 407-442.
Portugal
 
  • Vila Real District
    • Boticas
      • Bobadela
Mercedes Fuertes-Fuente, Antonia Cepedal, Alexandre Lima, Armanda Dória, Maria dos Anjos Ribeiro, Alexandra Guedes (2016): The Au-bearing vein system of the Limarinho deposit (northern Portugal): Genetic constraints from Bi-chalcogenides and Bi–Pb–Ag sulfosalts, fluid inclusions and stable isotopes. Ore Geology Reviews 72, 213-231.
Romania
 
  • Bihor Co.
    • Nucet
Extra Lapis English No. 5 Gold
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia)
      • Aldan Shield
        • Tyry River
Bortnikov, N.S., Gamyanin, G.N., Vikent’eva, O.V., Prokof’ev, V.Y., lpatov, V.A., and Bakharev, A.G. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(2), 87-128.
      • Tenkeli Au-W-Sn district
Gamyanin, G. N.; Bortnikov, N. S.; Zhdanov, Yu. Ya.; Zayakina, N. V.; Mokhov, A. V.; Popova, S. K.; Suknev, V. S. (2007): New Pb-​As-​bearing eulytite from the Galechnoe ore deposit, eastern Yakutia, Russia. Doklady Earth Sciences 413, 300-303.
  • Northern Caucasus Region
    • Kabardino-Balkarian Republic
      • Baksan Valley
extraLapis "Gold" issue, p. 48
  • Northern Region
    • Karelia Republic
      • Northern Karelia
        • Kostomuksha
          • Kostomuksha Fe deposit
Kuleshevich, L.V., and Gor’kovets, V.Y. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(7), 599-608.
South Africa
 
  • North West Province
    • Bojanala Platinum District
      • Western Bushveld Complex
        • Rustenburg (Rustenburg District)
S.M.C. Verryn et al (1991) Gold and associated ore minerals of the Waaikraal deposit, northwest of Brits, Bushveld Complex, Eur. J. Mineral, 3, pp. 451-466.
Spain
 
  • Andalusia
    • Huelva
      • Cala
Miguel Calvo Rebollar (2003). Minerales y Minas de España, Volumen I, Elementos. Museo de Ciencias Naturales de Alava. 217 pags.
  • Asturias
    • Salas
Cepedal, A., M. Fuertes-Fuente, A. Martín-Izard, S. González-Nistal, and L. Rodríguez-Pevida (2006), Tellurides, selenides and Bi-mineral assemblages from the Río Narcea Gold Belt, Asturias, Spain: genetic implications in Cu–Au and Au skarns. Mineralogy and Petrology: 87: 277–304.
Ukraine
 
  • Kirovohrad Oblast' (Kirovohrads'ka Oblast')
O.K.Babynin, A.G.Marchenko, Yu.F.Marchenko (2006) Object B3. Klyntsivske gold deposit. In International Field Workshop. IAGOD Field trip.
  • Odessa Oblast'
    • Dnister-Bug domain
      • Savran-Sinistovska ore zone
Bobrov, O. B., Merkushin, I. E., Sergienko, V. M., Pogukaj, V. I., Mudrovska, I. V., Voloshyn, O. A., ... & Sivoronov, A. O. (2006, August). Object B2. Mayske gold deposit. In International Field Workshop. IAGOD; Bobrov A.B. (2014) Mayske gold deposit. OBJECT G8. IAGOD Field trip.
USA
 
  • Alaska
    • Fairbanks North Star Borough
      • Fairbanks District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
    • Southeast Fairbanks Borough
      • Goodpaster District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
Illig, Peter (2015) Amphibole Au -Cu Skarn and Massive Sulfide Replacement at the Peak Deposit,Eastern Interior,Alaska
  • California
    • El Dorado Co.
      • Mother Lode Belt
        • Placerville District
          • Placerville (Hangtown)
            • Coon Hollow
Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 106; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 18 (map 2-7), 37; Bernard, Jan H.and Jaroslav Hyrsl (2004), Minerals and their Localities: 374.
  • Idaho
    • Custer Co.
      • Washington Basin District
R&M 70:4 pp 242-263
  • North Carolina
Wilson,W.E,1982,The Gold- containing minerals:a review pg.397
Uzbekistan
 
  • Kyzylkum Desert
    • Central Kyzylkum Region
      • Zarafshan
        • Muruntau ore field
Koneev, R.I., Turesebekov, A.H., Ignatikov, E.N., Vasilevsky, B.B., and Rakhimov, R.R. (2005), In: Jingwen Mao and Bierlein, F.P. (Eds.): Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge, Vol. 1, 1403-1406
  • Tashkent Viloyati (Toshkent)
    • Angren Region
      • Chatkal-Kuraminskii Range
Eleonora A. Dunin-Barkovskaya, Umid K. Aripov, L.A. Tsoy, M.A. Kim (2005) Mineralogical features and ore-forming conditions of goldbearing deposits of Uzbekistan. GEOCHMISTRY, MINERALOGY AND PETROLOGY 43 SOFIA pp 69-74
GEOCHMISTRY, MINERALOGY AND PETROLOGY • 4 3 • SOFIA pp 69-74
Zimbabwe
 
  • Harare
Oberthür, T. and Weiser, T. W. (2008): Gold-bismuth-telluride-sulphide assemblages at the Viceroy Mine, Harare-Bindura-Shamva greenstone belt, Zimbabwe. Mineralogical Magazine 72, 953-970.
  • Masvingo
    • Chiredzi Mining District (Hartley Mining District)
Kolb, J., Kisters, A.F.M., Hoernes, S., and Meyer, F.M. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 109-125.; Econ Geol (1996) 91:1225-1238
Mineral and/or Locality  
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