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About MaldoniteHide

silver white with pink tint
1½ - 2
Specific Gravity:
Crystal System:
Member of:
Named for the type locality, Maldon (Australia).
Thermodynamically unstable below ~116°C, but is found in a metastable state in nature.

Classification of MaldoniteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
A : Alloys
A : Alloys of metalloids with Cu, Ag, Au
Dana 7th ed.:

1 : Metals, other than the Platinum Group

1 : Elements and Alloys (including the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au)

Physical Properties of MaldoniteHide

silver white with pink tint
Tarnishes to black
1½ - 2 on Mohs scale
VHN100=147 - 264 - Vickers
Hardness Data:
001 & 110
15.46 g/cm3 (Measured)    

Optical Data of MaldoniteHide


Reflectance graph
Graph shows reflectance levels at different wavelengths (in nm). Top of box is 100%. Peak reflectance is 9-59%.
Colour in reflected light:
While, blue tint

Chemical Properties of MaldoniteHide


Crystallography of MaldoniteHide

Crystal System:
Class (H-M):
m3m (4/m 3 2/m) - Hexoctahedral
Space Group:
Cell Parameters:
a = 7.97 Å
Unit Cell V:
506.26 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
octahedral crystals or massive

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
2.41 (100)
2.30 (50)
1.53 (60)
1.412 (50)

Type Occurrence of MaldoniteHide

Geological Setting of Type Material:
Gold reef associated with Devonian granites

Other Language Names for MaldoniteHide

Simplified Chinese:黑铋金矿

Relationship of Maldonite to other SpeciesHide

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
CopperCuIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
GoldAuIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
LeadPbIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
SilverAgIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Gold1 photo of Maldonite associated with Gold on mindat.org.
Bismutite1 photo of Maldonite associated with Bismutite on mindat.org.
Bismite1 photo of Maldonite associated with Bismite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.AA.10aAlgodonite(Cu1-xAsx)Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
2.AA.10bDomeykiteCu3AsIso. 4 3m : I4 3d
2.AA.20CuprostibiteCu2(Sb,Tl)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nmm
2.AA.25KutinaiteAg6Cu14As7 Iso.
2.AA.35DyscrasiteAg3SbOrth. mm2 : Pmm2
2.AA.45StistaiteSnSbTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

1.1CopperCuIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.2SilverAgIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.5GoldAuIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.8ZincZnHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.9CadmiumCdHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.12MercuryHgTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
1.14MoschellandsbergiteAg2Hg3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m)
1.19Weishanite(Au,Ag,Hg)Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.21AluminiumAlIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.24DiamondCIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
1.25GraphiteCHex. 6mm : P63mc
1.26ChaoiteCHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P6/mmm
1.27LonsdaleiteCHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.29TinSnTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
1.30LeadPbIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.31AnyuiiteAuPb2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I4/mcm
1.31NovodnepriteAuPb3Tet. 4 2m : I4 2m
1.32LeadamalgamPb0.7Hg0.3Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I4/mmm
1.33ArsenicAsTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
1.34ArsenolampriteAsOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
1.37DomeykiteCu3AsIso. 4 3m : I4 3d
1.38Algodonite(Cu1-xAsx)Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.40KutinaiteAg6Cu14As7 Iso.
1.41AntimonySbTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
1.42StibarsenAsSbTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
1.43ParadocrasiteSb3AsMon. 2 : B2
1.44HorsforditeCu, Sb
1.45CuprostibiteCu2(Sb,Tl)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nmm
1.47AurostibiteAuSb2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
1.48DyscrasiteAg3SbOrth. mm2 : Pmm2
1.49BismuthBiTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
1.51SulphurS8Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Fddd
1.52RosickýiteSMon. 2/m : P2/b
1.53SeleniumSeTrig. 3 2 : P31 2 1
1.54TelluriumTeTrig. 3 2 : P31 2 1
1.55ChromiumCrIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Im3m
1.57IronFeIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Im3m
1.58ChromferideFe3Cr1-x (x=0.6)Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pm3m
1.59FerchromideCr3Fe1-xIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pm3m
1.61NickelNiIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.63Taenite(Fe,Ni)Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.65AwaruiteNi3FeIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.67PotaritePdHgTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/mmm
1.70CabriitePd2CuSnOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmm
1.72Atokite(Pd,Pt)3SnIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.76Osmium(Os,Ir,Ru)Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.82PlatinumPtIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for MaldoniteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 834pp.: 89, 95-96.
Mineralogicheskii Zhurnal (1986): 8(3): 65-71.
Bernard & Hyrsl (2001) Minerals and their localities
Birch, W.D., Ciobanu, C.L. (2009) Maldonite from the type locality, Maldon, Victoria, Australia: a new investigation of its occurrence. Australian Journal of Mineralogy, 15, 25-38.

Internet Links for MaldoniteHide

Localities for MaldoniteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • New South Wales
    • Georgiana Co.
      • Burraga
Sheppard, S., Walshe, J. L., & Pooley, G. D. (1995). Noncarbonate, skarnlike Au-Bi-Te mineralization, Lucky Draw, New South Wales, Australia. Economic Geology, 90(6), 1553-1569.
    • Gough Co.
Lawrence, L.J. , Ramsden, A.R. & Munro-Smith, V. (1998)- Maldonite and its paragenesis at Kingsgate, New South Wales. - Journal and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New South Wales, 131, 13-18.; Clissold, M. E. (2007) Aspects of the Supergene Geochemistry of Copper, Nickel and Bismuth. PhD Thesis University of Sydney, Australia 162pp.
    • Robinson Co.
      • Cobar
Paar, W. H., Putz, H., Topa, D., Roberts, A. C., Stanley, C. J., & Culetto, F. J. (2006). Jonassonite, Au (Bi, Pb) 5S4, a new mineral species from Nagybörzsöny, Hungary. The Canadian Mineralogist, 44(5), 1127-1136.
  • Queensland
    • Mareeba Shire
      • Chillagoe
Graham-Ruzicka, J.L. (2014) Gold-bismuth occurrences in the Kennedy igneous province, North Queensland: constraints on tectonic, magmatic and hydrothermal processes in intrusion-related gold deposits. PhD thesis, James Cook University, Queensland.
    • North Burnett Region
part of list University of Queensland
  • Tasmania
    • Kentish municipality
      • Moina - Middlesex District
Amy B.D. Cockerton and Andrew G. Tomkins (2012): Insights into the Liquid Bismuth Collector Model Through Analysis of the Bi-Au Stormont Skarn Prospect, Northwest Tasmania. Economic Geology 107, 667-682.
    • West Coast municipality
      • Rosebery district
        • Rosebery
Bottrill, R.S. & Baker, W.E. (2008) A Catalogue of the Minerals of Tasmania. Bull. 73. Tasmanian Geological Survey; Zaw, K., Large, R. R., & Huston, D. L. (1997). Petrologic and geochemical significance of a Devonian replacement zone in the Cambrian Rosebery massive sulfide deposit, western Tasmania. The Canadian Mineralogist, 35(5), 1325-1349.
  • Victoria
    • Mount Alexander Shire
Cristiana Ciobanu & Bill Birch 2008, Gold-Bismuth-Tellurium Mineralisation at Maldon, Victoria, Australia: A Classic Locality Revisited, Sixth Iinternational Conference, Mineralogy and Museums; Ciobanu, C. L., Birch, W. D., Cook, N. J., Pring, A., & Grundler, P. V. (2010). Petrogenetic significance of Au–Bi–Te–S associations: the example of Maldon, Central Victorian gold province, Australia. Lithos, 116(1), 1-17.
Palache, C., H. Berman, and C. Frondel (1944) Dana’s system of mineralogy, (7th edition), v. I, 95–96.; Ciobanu, C. L., Birch, W. D., Cook, N. J., Pring, A., & Grundler, P. V. (2010). Petrogenetic significance of Au–Bi–Te–S associations: the example of Maldon, Central Victorian gold province, Australia. Lithos, 116(1), 1-17.
Ciobanu, CL, Birch, WD, Cook, NJ, Pring, Grundler, PV, 2010. Petrogenetic significance of Au-Bi-Te-S associations: the example of Maldon, Central Victoria gold province, Australia. Lithos, 116, 1-17.
Ciobanu, CL, Birch, WD, Cook, NJ, Pring, Grundler, PV, 2010. Petrogenetic significance of Au-Bi-Te-S associations: the example of Maldon, Central Victoria gold province, Australia. Lithos, 116, 1-17.
        • Union Reef (Union Hill)
No reference listed
  • Western Australia
    • Boddington Shire
      • Boddington
Kalleske, N. L. (2010). Mineralogical and petrogenetic study of gold ore from the Boddington Gold Deposit, WA (Doctoral dissertation).
    • Yilgarn Shire
      • Marvel Loch
Meinert, 1992. Skarns & Skarn Deposits; Econ Geol (1997) 92:181-209
  • Goiás
    • Crixás gold field
      • Guarinos
        • Guarinos belt
Jost, H., and de Tarso Ferro de Oliveira Fortes, P. (2001): Mineralium Deposita 36, 358-376.
  • Minas Gerais
    • Mariana (Marianna de Itacolumy)
      • Passagem de Mariana district
Oberthür, T. and Weiser, T. W. (2008): Gold-bismuth-telluride-sulphide assemblages at the Viceroy Mine, Harare-Bindura-Shamva greenstone belt, Zimbabwe. Mineralogical Magazine 72, 953-970. [contains also data on Passagem de Mariana Mine]
  • Haskovo Province
    • Ivaylovgrad Obshtina
      • Ivaylovgrad
T. Kerestedjian (1997) Argentonentlandite (Fe, Ni)8+хАg1-xS8 from Kamilski dol – a new mineral species for Bulgaria. Review of the Bulgarian Geological Society 58:15-18
  • British Columbia
    • Osoyoos Mining Division
      • Hedley
Econ Geol (1992) 87:1541-1565; MINFILE No 092HSE038; G.E. Ray and G.L. Dawson, (1994) The Geology and Mineral Deposits of the Hedley Gold Skarn District, Southern B.C. BC Geological Survey Bulletin 87:
  • Aisén
    • Coyhaique Province (Coihaique Province)
      • Cerro Estatuas Ñirehuao district
Maksaev, V., Townley, B., Palacios, C., and Camus, F. (2007): Metallic ore deposits. In: Moreno, T., and Gibbons, W. (editors): The Geology of Chile. The Geological Society (London), pp. 414.
  • Anhui
    • Tongling
      • Shizishan ore field
Huan Hu, Rucheng Wang, Jianjun Lu, and Guanghua Liu (2001): Mineral Deposits 20(1), 86-98; Yunsheng Ren, Liandeng Liu, Xiangzong Wan, and Guohua Chen (2004): Journal of Mineralogy and Petrology 24(2), 41-45
      • Tongguanshan ore field
- Yiming Zhao, Yinan Zhang, and Chengsi Bi (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 14, 227-249.
  • Guangdong
    • Zhaoqing
      • Fengkai Co.
Shuzhang Tian, Jingyu Chen, and Baoqin Yuan (1990): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 10(4), 382-384
  • Hainan
    • Ledong Co.
Bin Shu, Ping'an Wang, Faxian Dong, and Zhongjian Li (2006): Geological Bulletin of China 25(6), 745-755; Cai, J., Wu, C., Xu, D., Hou, M., Shan, Q., Zhu, Y., & Lin, D. (2017). Structural analysis of the Baolun gold deposit, Hainan Island, South China: Implications for metallogeny. Ore Geology Reviews, 89, 253-269.
  • Hunan
    • Yiyang
      • Heshan District
Shuzhang Tian (1989): Gold Geology 8(1), 78-83
  • Inner Mongolia
    • Ulanhad League (Chifeng Prefecture)
      • Bairin Left Banner (Balin Zuoqi)
Dequan Zhang, Yunfen Lei, Taiyang Luo, Xiupo Bao, and Shengli Wang (1991): Mineral Deposits 10(3), 204-216
  • Shaanxi
    • Weinan
      • Tongguan Co.
        • Tongyu gold field
Yanming Xu, Zonggui Zhou, Shuzhen Yao, Jun Chen, Suofei Xiong, and Xiaoning Zhou (2013): Mineral Deposits 32(5), 1011-1025
  • Yunnan
    • Dali
      • Heqing Co.
Zhou, H., Sun, X., Fu, Y., Lin, H., Jiang, L. (2016): Mineralogy and mineral chemistry of Bi-minerals: Constraints on ore genesis of the Beiya giant porphyry-skarn gold deposit, southwestern China. Ore Geology Reviews (in press); http://forum.amiminerals.it/viewtopic.php?f=5&t=12853 (2016)
Czech Republic
  • Central Bohemian Region
    • Příbram District
      • Hvožďany
Zachariáš, J., Pudilová, M., Žák, K., Morávek, P., Litochleb, J., Váňa, T., Pertold, Z. (1997) P-T conditions, fluid inclusions and O, C, S isotope characteristics of gold-bearing mineralizations within the Central Bohemian Metallogenic Zone. - Acta Univ. Carolinae – Geologica, 41 (3-4), pp. 167–178.
      • Psí hory gold district
        • Mokrsko
Lips, ALW (2006) A review of non-ferrous mineral deposits in Europe - Finalised initial database BRGM/RP -54957 - FR
Jiří Zachariáš, Petr Morávek, Petr Gadas, Jaroslava Pertoldová (2014): The Mokrsko-West gold deposit, Bohemian Massif, Czech Republic: Mineralogy, deposit setting and classification. Ore Geology Reviews 58, 238-263.
  • Plzeň Region
    • Klatovy District
      • Sušice
Vavřín, I.: Nové poznatky o selenidech Českého masívu. Bulletin Mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1994, roč. 2, s. 82-89. ; Lips, ALW (2006) A review of non-ferrous mineral deposits in Europe - Finalised initial database BRGM/RP -54957 - FR
      • Vimperk (Winterberg)
Šrein, V. et al.: Zlatonosná mineralizace v okolí Horské Kvildy na Šumavě, Česká republika. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 2008, vol. 16, 2, 153-176.
  • Vysočina Region
    • Pelhřimov District
      • Humpolec
Bull. Minéral., 1988, 111, pp. 477-492.
  • Central Finland
    • Pihtipudas
      • Kanalanmäki area
        • Säkkärämäki
Novoselov, K., Belogub, E., Kotlyarov, V., Mikhailov, A. (2015): Ore mineralogy and formation conditions of the Pirunkoukku gold occurrence (Finland). European Journal of Mineralogy: 27(5): 639-649
  • Kainuu
    • Kuhmo
Ermolina O, Belogub E, Novoselov K (2014) Gold-bismuth-bearing ore mineral association of Piilola occurrence (Kuhmo Greenstone Belt, Eastern Finland). 21 st meeting of the International Mineralogical Association. p 92
  • Lapland
    • Kittilä
Eilu, P. (2003). Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003. Rovaniemi, Finland; Geological Survey of Finland 2008 Suurikuusikko - Gold Database
    • Ylitornio
Molnár, Ferenc 2015. Mineral Systems in mineral Potential Evaluation. Stakeholder Seminar, 06 May 2015 Rovaniemi.; Molnár, F., Oduro, H., Cook, N. D., Pohjolainen, E., Takács, Á., O’Brien, H., ... & Wirth, R. (2016). Association of gold with uraninite and pyrobitumen in the metavolcanic rock hosted hydrothermal Au-U mineralisation at Rompas, Peräpohja Schist Belt, northern Finland. Mineralium Deposita, 51(5), 681-702.
  • North Ostrobothnia
    • Haapavesi
Kojonen, Kari, Johanson, Bo, Sipilä, Esko 1991. The Kiimala gold deposit in Haapavesi, Western Finland. in: Geological Survey of Finland, Current Research 1989-1990. Geological Survey of Finland, Special Paper 12, 75-79, 1991
    • Kuusamo
Geological Survey of Finland 2008. Kouvervaara - Gold Database
    • Raahe
Geological Survey of Finland 2008. Laivakangas-N - Gold Database
  • Pirkanmaa
    • Lempäälä
Kuikka, Antti (2014) Pirkkalan alueen kultaesiintymien malmimineralogia. Summary: Ore mineralogy of the gold deposits in the Pirkkala area Volyymi: 212, Julkaisusarja: Tutkimusraportti - Report of Investigation. Geologin Tutkimuskeskus.
  • Satakunta
    • Huittinen
http://www.gsf.fi/explor/gold/jokisivu.htm; Eilu, P. (2003). Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003. Rovaniemi, Finland
Satu Vuori, Niilo Kärkkäinen, Pekka Huhta, Tuija Valjus (2005). Ritakallio gold prospect, Huittinen, SW Finland. Geological Survey of Finland, CM06/2112/2005/1/10.
  • Southern Savonia
    • Rantasalmi
Kojonen,Kari 2008. Au-Ag tellurides-selenides in Finland. International Geological Congress, Oslo August 6-14th. Abstract; Kontoniemi, O., Johanson, B., Kojonen, K., & Pakkanen, L. (1991). Ore mineralogy of the Osikonmäki gold deposit, Rantasalmi, southeastern Finland. Geological Survey of Finland, Special Paper, 12, 81-89.
  • Southwest Finland
    • Naantali
Niilo Kärkkäinen, Raimo Lahtinen and Lasse Pakkanen (2012) Discovery and mineralogy of gold occurrence at Velkua, Sothwestern Finland. Geogical Survey of Finland, Special Paper 52,115-130.
    • Somero
Eilu, P. (2003). Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003. Rovaniemi, Finland
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Cantal
      • Massiac
        • Bonnac
          • Moulin de la Borie (Bonnac South)
R. Pierrot, P. Picot, J.J. Périchaud : "Inventaire Minéralogique du Cantal", BRGM and Editions G. de Bussac, 1971
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
  • Occitanie
    • Aude
      • Salsigne
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
  • Attica
    • East Attica
      • Lavreotiki
        • Lavrion District Mines
          • Agios Konstantinos [St Constantine] (Kamariza)
Voudouris, P. (2005). Gold and silver mineralogy of the Lavrion deposit, Attika, Greece. In Mineral deposit research: meeting the global challenge (pp. 1089-1092). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.
              • Hilarion area
Extra Lapis English No. 5 Gold
  • Lorestan
    • Ashour Abad
Nezafatis, N. (2006): Au-Sn-W-Cu Mineralization in the Astaneh-Sarband Area, West Central Iran. PhD thesis, University of Tübingen (Germany), 116 pp.
  • Kagoshima
    • Osumi Peninsula
Am. Min. 75:434-435 (1990)
  • Sikasso Region
McFarlane, C. R., Mavrogenes, J., Lentz, D., King, K., Allibone, A., & Holcombe, R. (2011). Geology and intrusion-related affinity of the Morila gold mine, southeast Mali. Economic Geology, 106(5), 727-750.
  • Inchiri Region
    • Akjoujt (Akjout; Fort Repoux)
Sakellaris, G.A., Meyer, F.M. (2008) A Metamorphic Origin of the Guelb Moghrein Fe Oxide-Copper-Gold-Cobalt Deposit, Mauritania. http://www.minsoc.ru/2008-1-101-1
  • High Atlas Mtn
    • Tichka massif
Y. Moëlo : "Compte-rendu de la réunion "Systématique des Minéraux" du 23 novembre 1989", Bull. Soc. Franç. Minéral. , France.
  • Erongo Region
    • Karibib
http://www.mineral.tu-freiberg.de/econgeology/lehre/namibia/22_9/22_9.html; Nörtemann, M. F. J., Mücke, A., Weber, K., & Meinert, L. D. (2000). Mineralogy of the Navachab skarn deposit, Namibia: an unusual Au-bearing skarn in high-grade metamorphic rocks. Communications of the Geological Survey of Namibia, 12, 149-156.
Pacific Ocean
  • East Pacific Rise
    • Juan de Fuca Ridge complex
      • Southern Gorda Ridge
Eos Trans. AGU, 81 (48), Fall Meet. Suppl., 2000; Tuomo Törmänen (2005) Ore Mineralogy, Geochemistry, and Formation of the Sediment-hosted Sea Floor Massive Sulfide Deposits at Escanaba Trough, NE Pacific, with Emphasis on the Transport and Deposition of Gold. Thesis University of Oulu
  • Lower Silesian Voivodeship
    • Jawor Co.
      • Gmina Bolków
Mikulski, S. Z. (2005, January). The telluride mineralization event (s) within the late-variscan gold deposits in the western Sudetes (NE part of the Bohemian massif, SW Poland). In Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge (pp. 1415-1418). Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Mikulski, S. Z. (2005): Geological, mineralogical and geochemical characteristics of the Radzimowice Au-As-Cu deposit from the Kaczawa Mountains (Western Sudetes, Poland): an example of the transition of porphyry and epithermal style. Mineralium Deposita 39, 904-920.
1. R. Siuda, 2001 : New sulphate minerals from the Stara Góra oxidised zone, Radzimowice, Kaczawskie Mts., Mineralogical Society of Poland, Special Papers, vol 18, 186-188
    • Ząbkowice Śląskie Co.
      • Gmina Zloty Stok
        • Zloty Stok
          • Szlakowa Dolina (Schlakental)
            • Złoty Jar (Gold Ravine)
Mikulski, S. Z. (2013). Gold mineralization within contact-metamorphic and shear zones in the" Złoty Jar" quarry the Złoty Stok As-Au deposit area (Sudetes). Geological Quarterly, 40(3), 407-442.
  • Vila Real
    • Boticas
      • Bobadela
Mercedes Fuertes-Fuente, Antonia Cepedal, Alexandre Lima, Armanda Dória, Maria dos Anjos Ribeiro, Alexandra Guedes (2016): The Au-bearing vein system of the Limarinho deposit (northern Portugal): Genetic constraints from Bi-chalcogenides and Bi–Pb–Ag sulfosalts, fluid inclusions and stable isotopes. Ore Geology Reviews 72, 213-231.
  • Bihor
    • Nucet
Extra Lapis English No. 5 Gold
  • Caraş-Severin
    • Banat Mts
Cook, N. J., Ciobanu, C. L., & Bogdanov, K. (2002) Trace mineralogy of the Upper Cretaceous banatitic Magmatic and metallogenetic Belt, SE Europe. In 11th Quadrennial IAGOD symposium–Geocongress 2002, Windhoek, Namibia, July 2002. CD Volume of extended abstracts.
  • Kabardino-Balkaria
    • Baksan Valley
extraLapis "Gold" issue, p. 48
  • Magadan Oblast
    • Kolyma River Basin
Volkov, A. V., Cherepanova, N. V., Prokof’ev, V. Y., Savva, N. E., Smil’gin, S. V., Trubkin, N. V., & Alekseev, V. Y. (2013). Gold deposit in the Butarny granitoid stock, Russian Northeast. Geology of Ore Deposits, 55(3), 185-206.
Goryachev, N. A. and M. L. Gelman (2001) Granitoids of the Okhotsk-Kolyma Divide and Related Ore Mineralization. pp5-28 in Khanchuk, A.I., Gonevchuk, G.A. & Seltmann, R. (Eds) Metallogeny of the Pacific Northwest (Russian Far East): Tectonics, Magmatism and Metallogeny of Active Continental Margins. IAGOD Guidebook series 11, Dalnauka Publishing House, Vladivostok 2004, 176 p
  • Republic of Karelia
    • Northern Karelia
      • Kostomuksha
        • Kostomuksha Fe deposit
Kuleshevich, L.V., and Gor’kovets, V.Y. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(7), 599-608.
Korshunova, V. A., & Charykova, M. V. (2019). Mobile Forms of Gold and Pathfinder Elements in Surface Sediments at the Novye Peski Gold Deposit and in the Piilola Prospecting Area (Karelia Region). Minerals, 9(1), 34.
  • Sakha Republic (Yakutia)
    • Aldan Shield
      • Tyry River
Bortnikov, N.S., Gamyanin, G.N., Vikent’eva, O.V., Prokof’ev, V.Y., lpatov, V.A., and Bakharev, A.G. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(2), 87-128.
    • Tenkeli Au-W-Sn district
Gamyanin, G. N.; Bortnikov, N. S.; Zhdanov, Yu. Ya.; Zayakina, N. V.; Mokhov, A. V.; Popova, S. K.; Suknev, V. S. (2007): New Pb-​As-​bearing eulytite from the Galechnoe ore deposit, eastern Yakutia, Russia. Doklady Earth Sciences 413, 300-303.
  • Zabaykalsky Krai
    • Chitinskaya Oblast
      • Vershino-Darasunskiy
Spiridonov, E. M., Krivitskaya, N. N., Bryzgalov, I. A., Kulikova, I. M., & Gorodetskaya, M. D. (2010, December). Bismuth-rich aurostibite: A product of maldonite replacement in a volcanogenic-plutonogenic Darasun deposit (Eastern Transbaikalia). In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 435, No. 2, pp. 1611-1613). MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica.
South Africa
  • Mpumalanga
    • Ehlanzeni District
      • Barberton
Otto, A., & Meyer, F. M. (2008). Tektono-metamorphe Kontrolle der archaischen Goldmineralisation in der New Consort Gold Mine, Barberton Grünsteingürtel, Südafrika (No. RWTH-CONV-112943). Lehrstuhl und Institut für Mineralogie und Lagerstättenlehre u. Labor für Geochemie und Umweltanalytik.
  • North West
    • Bojanala Platinum District
      • Rustenburg (Rustenburg District)
S.M.C. Verryn et al (1991) Gold and associated ore minerals of the Waaikraal deposit, northwest of Brits, Bushveld Complex, Eur. J. Mineral, 3, pp. 451-466.
  • Andalusia
    • Huelva
      • Cala
Miguel Calvo Rebollar (2003). Minerales y Minas de España, Volumen I, Elementos. Museo de Ciencias Naturales de Alava. 217 pags.
  • Asturias
    • Salas
Cepedal, A., M. Fuertes-Fuente, A. Martín-Izard, S. González-Nistal, and L. Rodríguez-Pevida (2006), Tellurides, selenides and Bi-mineral assemblages from the Río Narcea Gold Belt, Asturias, Spain: genetic implications in Cu–Au and Au skarns. Mineralogy and Petrology: 87: 277–304.
  • Galicia
    • A Coruña (La Coruña)
      • Malpica
Minero, G. (2014) Tellurides, sulfides and sulfosalts in the mineral paragenesis of the Corcoesto orogenic gold deposit, NW Spain. 21 st meeting of the International Mineralogical Association. p 92
  • Sughd
  • Kirovohrad Oblast
O.K.Babynin, A.G.Marchenko, Yu.F.Marchenko (2006) Object B3. Klyntsivske gold deposit. In International Field Workshop. IAGOD Field trip.
  • Odessa Oblast
    • Dnister-Bug domain
      • Savran-Sinistovska ore zone
Bobrov, O. B., Merkushin, I. E., Sergienko, V. M., Pogukaj, V. I., Mudrovska, I. V., Voloshyn, O. A., ... & Sivoronov, A. O. (2006, August). Object B2. Mayske gold deposit. In International Field Workshop. IAGOD; Bobrov A.B. (2014) Mayske gold deposit. OBJECT G8. IAGOD Field trip.
  • Alaska
    • Fairbanks North Star Borough
      • Fairbanks District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
    • Southeast Fairbanks Census Area
      • Goodpaster District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
Illig, Peter (2015) Amphibole Au -Cu Skarn and Massive Sulfide Replacement at the Peak Deposit,Eastern Interior,Alaska
  • California
    • El Dorado Co.
      • Mother Lode Belt
        • Placerville District
          • Placerville (Hangtown)
            • Coon Hollow
Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 106; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 18 (map 2-7), 37; Bernard, Jan H.and Jaroslav Hyrsl (2004), Minerals and their Localities: 374.
  • Idaho
    • Custer Co.
      • Washington Basin District
R&M 70:4 pp 242-263
  • North Carolina
Wilson,W.E,1982,The Gold- containing minerals:a review pg.397
  • Navoiy
    • Central Kyzylkum Region
      • Zarafshan
        • Muruntau ore field
Koneev, R.I., Turesebekov, A.H., Ignatikov, E.N., Vasilevsky, B.B., and Rakhimov, R.R. (2005), In: Jingwen Mao and Bierlein, F.P. (Eds.): Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge, Vol. 1, 1403-1406
  • Samarqand
    • North Nuratau Mts
      • Zarmitan
Eshimov, T. E. & Khamrabaeva, Z. I. (1987): Bismuth ore mineralization of Zarmitan. Uzbekiston Geologiya Zhurnali 1987 (4), 78-82 (in Russian).
  • Tashkent
    • Okhangaron District
Eleonora A. Dunin-Barkovskaya, Umid K. Aripov, L.A. Tsoy, M.A. Kim (2005) Mineralogical features and ore-forming conditions of goldbearing deposits of Uzbekistan. GEOCHMISTRY, MINERALOGY AND PETROLOGY 43 SOFIA pp 69-74
  • Harare
Oberthür, T. and Weiser, T. W. (2008): Gold-bismuth-telluride-sulphide assemblages at the Viceroy Mine, Harare-Bindura-Shamva greenstone belt, Zimbabwe. Mineralogical Magazine 72, 953-970.
  • Masvingo
    • Chiredzi mining district (Hartley mining district)
Kolb, J., Kisters, A.F.M., Hoernes, S., and Meyer, F.M. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 109-125.; Econ Geol (1996) 91:1225-1238
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