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Marsturite

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About MarsturiteHide

Formula:
NaCaMn3Si5O14(OH)
Colour:
Tan
Hardness:
6
Crystal System:
Triclinic
Member of:
Name:
Named in 1978 by Donald Peacor and Pete Dunn in honor of Marion Butler Stuart [December 21, 1921 - July 26, 2000 Hailey, Idaho, USA], of Bellevue, Idaho, USA, amateur mineral collector and benefactor of mineralogical projects.
Isostructural with:
The Na analogue of Lithiomarsturite.


Classification of MarsturiteHide

Approved
9.DK.05

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
D : Inosilicates
K : Inosilicates with 5-periodic single chains
65.4.1.6

65 : INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
4 : Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=5
14.18.29

14 : Silicates not Containing Aluminum
18 : Silicates of Mn and Na, K, Mg, Ca or Fe

Physical Properties of MarsturiteHide

Colour:
Tan
Hardness:

Optical Data of MarsturiteHide

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.686 nβ = 1.691 nγ = 1.708
2V:
Measured: 60° , Calculated: 58°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.022
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
High
Dispersion:
r > v weak

Chemical Properties of MarsturiteHide

Formula:
NaCaMn3Si5O14(OH)
IMA Formula:
NaCaMn2+3Si5O14(OH)
Common Impurities:
Fe,Mg

Crystallography of MarsturiteHide

Crystal System:
Triclinic
Class (H-M):
1 - Pinacoidal
Space Group:
P1
Cell Parameters:
a = 7.70 Å, b = 12.03 Å, c = 6.78 Å
α = 85.26°, β = 94.1°, γ = 111.04°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.64 : 1 : 0.564
Unit Cell V:
583.57 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Comment:
Nagashima et al. (2014) give 7.697(2), 11.720(2), 6.771(1) Å, 92.40(3), 94.41(3), 106.83(3), V = 581.9(6) Å3 for a sample from the Molinello mine.

Epitaxial Relationships of MarsturiteHide

Epitaxial Minerals:
RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
Epitaxy Comments:
Marsturite very frequently occurs grown epitaxially on bladed rhodonite crystals (Franklin, NJ).

Type Occurrence of MarsturiteHide

Geological Setting of Type Material:
As a secondary mineral in cavities in fractures traversing massive -franklinite-willemite-zincite ore in a Precambrian Zn-Mn-Fe orebody hosted in the Franklin marble.
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Synonyms of MarsturiteHide

Other Language Names for MarsturiteHide

German:Marsturit
Spanish:Marsturita

Relationship of Marsturite to other SpeciesHide

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
BabingtoniteCa2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)Tric. 1 : P1
FerrorhodoniteCaMn3Fe(Si5O15)Tric. 1
LithiomarsturiteLiCa2Mn2Si5O14(OH)Tric.
ManganbabingtoniteCa2(Mn,Fe)FeSi5O14(OH)Tric.
NambuliteLiMn2+4Si5O14(OH)Tric.
Natronambulite(Na,Li)(Mn,Ca)4Si5O14OHTric.
RhodoniteMn2+SiO3Tric. 1
ScandiobabingtoniteCa2(Fe2+,Mn)ScSi5O14(OH)Tric.

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Rhodonite9 photos of Marsturite associated with Rhodonite on mindat.org.
Axinite-(Mn)5 photos of Marsturite associated with Axinite-(Mn) on mindat.org.
Cahnite5 photos of Marsturite associated with Cahnite on mindat.org.
Rhodochrosite1 photo of Marsturite associated with Rhodochrosite on mindat.org.
Ganophyllite1 photo of Marsturite associated with Ganophyllite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.DK.05BabingtoniteCa2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)Tric. 1 : P1
9.DK.05LithiomarsturiteLiCa2Mn2Si5O14(OH)Tric.
9.DK.05ManganbabingtoniteCa2(Mn,Fe)FeSi5O14(OH)Tric.
9.DK.05NambuliteLiMn2+4Si5O14(OH)Tric.
9.DK.05Natronambulite(Na,Li)(Mn,Ca)4Si5O14OHTric.
9.DK.05RhodoniteMn2+SiO3Tric. 1
9.DK.05ScandiobabingtoniteCa2(Fe2+,Mn)ScSi5O14(OH)Tric.
9.DK.05Fowlerite(Mn2+,Zn,Ca)SiO3
9.DK.10SantaclaraiteCaMn4[Si5O14OH](OH) · H2OTric.
9.DK.15SaneroiteNaMn2+5[Si5O14(OH)](VO3)(OH)Tric.
9.DK.20Hellandite-(Y)(Ca,REE)4Y2Al◻2(B4Si4O22) (OH)2Mon.
9.DK.20Tadzhikite-(Ce)Ca4Ce3+2Ti◻(B4Si4O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DK.20Mottanaite-(Ce)Ca4(CeCa)AlBe2(Si4B4O22)O2Mon. 2/m
9.DK.20CiprianiiteCa4[(Th,U)(REE)]Al◻2(Si4B4O22)(OH,F)2Mon.
9.DK.20Hellandite-(Ce)(Ca,REE)4Ce2Al□2(B4Si4O22) (OH)2Mon. 2/m

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

65.4.1.1RhodoniteMn2+SiO3Tric. 1
65.4.1.2BabingtoniteCa2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)Tric. 1 : P1
65.4.1.3ManganbabingtoniteCa2(Mn,Fe)FeSi5O14(OH)Tric.
65.4.1.4NambuliteLiMn2+4Si5O14(OH)Tric.
65.4.1.5Natronambulite(Na,Li)(Mn,Ca)4Si5O14OHTric.
65.4.1.7LithiomarsturiteLiCa2Mn2Si5O14(OH)Tric.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

14.18.1NambuliteLiMn2+4Si5O14(OH)Tric.
14.18.2Natronambulite(Na,Li)(Mn,Ca)4Si5O14OHTric.
14.18.3ZakharoviteNa4Mn5Si10O24(OH)6 · 6H2OTrig.
14.18.4NorrishiteKLiMn3+2(Si4O10)O2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
14.18.5Shafranovskite(Na,K)6(Mn,Fe)3Si9O24 · 6H2OTrig.
14.18.6AbswurmbachiteCuMn3+6(SiO4)O8Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/acd
14.18.7Donpeacorite(Mn2+,Mg)Mg[SiO3]2Orth.
14.18.8KanoiteMn2+(Mg,Mn2+)Si2O6Mon. 2/m : P21/b
14.18.9CaryopiliteMn2+3Si2O5(OH)4Mon.
14.18.10Gonyerite(Mn2+,Mg)5Fe3+(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH)8
14.18.11Tirodite
14.18.12Manganhumite(Mn2+,Mg)7(SiO4)3(OH)2Orth.
14.18.13BustamiteCaMn2+(Si2O6)Tric. 1 : P1
14.18.14GlaucochroiteCaMn2+SiO4Orth.
14.18.15Truscottite(Ca,Mn)14Si24O58(OH)8 · 2H2OTrig.
14.18.16SantaclaraiteCaMn4[Si5O14OH](OH) · H2OTric.
14.18.17FerrobustamiteCaFe2+(Si2O6)Tric.
14.18.18JohannseniteCaMn2+Si2O6Mon. 2/m : B2/b
14.18.19NeltneriteCaMn3+6(SiO4)O8Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/acd
14.18.20OrlymaniteCa4Mn3Si8O20(OH)6 · 2H2OHex.
14.18.21InesiteCa2(Mn,Fe)7Si10O28(OH)2 · 5H2OTric. 1 : P1
14.18.22OrientiteCa8Mn3+10(SiO4)3(Si3O10)3(OH)10 · 4H2O Orth.
14.18.23RuiziteCa2Mn3+2[Si4O11(OH)2](OH)2·2H2OMon. 2
14.18.24BostwickiteCaMn6Si3O16 · 7H2OOrth.
14.18.25KittatinnyiteCa2Mn2Mn(SiO4)2(OH)4 · 9H2OHex.
14.18.26LithiomarsturiteLiCa2Mn2Si5O14(OH)Tric.
14.18.27SeranditeNaMn2+2Si3O8(OH)Tric. 1 : P1
14.18.28KvanefjelditeNa4(Ca,Mn)(Si3O7)2(OH)2Orth.
14.18.30RaiteNa4Mn2+3Ti0.25Si8O20(OH)2 · 10H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : C2 2 2
14.18.31Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
14.18.32Byelorussite-(Ce)NaBa2Ce2MnTi2[Si4O12]2O2(F,OH) · H2O
14.18.33Deerite(Fe,Mn)6(Fe,Al)3[Si6O17]O3(OH)5Mon.
14.18.34Calderite(Mn2+,Ca)3(Fe3+,Al)2(SiO4)3Iso.
14.18.35PyroxmangiteMnSiO3Tric. 1
14.18.36Dannemorite☐{Mn2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
14.18.37Neotocite(Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2OAmor.
14.18.38BabingtoniteCa2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)Tric. 1 : P1
14.18.39ManganbabingtoniteCa2(Mn,Fe)FeSi5O14(OH)Tric.
14.18.40ÖrebroiteMn2+3(Sb5+,Fe3+)(SiO4)(O,OH)3Hex.

Fluorescence of MarsturiteHide

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for MarsturiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Peacor et al. (1978): American Mineralogist: 63: 1187-1189.
Dunn, P.J. & P.B. Leavens (1986): Mineralogical Record: 17: 123-125.
American Mineralogist (1990): 75: 413.
Dunn, P.J. (1995): Pt3: 440.
Zapiski Vserossiyskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva (2003): 132(4): 58.
Kolitsch, U. (2008): Implications for the nomenclature of p-p hydropyroxenoids: the crystal structure of marsturite from the Molinello mine, Liguria, Italy. Poster, Annual Meeting of the DMG, Berlin, Germany, September 14-17, 2008; CD with abstracts, Abs. no. 120.
Nagashima, M., Armbruster, T., Kolitsch, U. and Pettke, T. (2014): The relation between Li <-> Na substitution and hydrogen bonding in five-periodic single-chain silicates nambulite and marsturite: A single-crystal X-ray study. American Mineralogist 99, 1462–1470.

Internet Links for MarsturiteHide

Localities for MarsturiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Italy
 
  • Liguria
    • Genova Province
      • Ne
        • Graveglia Valley
Palenzona, A. (1987): Tangeite e marsturite di Molinello (1a segnalazione). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 3/1987, 149-151; Mineralogical Record 32: 356; U. Kolitsch (2008): Implications for the nomenclature of p-p hydropyroxenoids: the crystal structure of marsturite from the Molinello mine, Liguria, Italy. Poster, Annual Meeting of the DMG, Berlin, Germany, September 14-17, 2008; CD with abstracts, Abs. no. 120; Nagashima, M., Armbruster, T., Kolitsch, U. and Pettke, T. (2014): The relation between Li <-> Na substitution and hydrogen bonding in five-periodic single-chain silicates nambulite and marsturite: A single-crystal X-ray study. American Mineralogist 99, 1462–1470.
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Chubu Region
      • Gifu Prefecture
        • Motosu City
          • Neo area
Matsubara et al (1990) Bulletin of the National Science Museum, 16, 79-89.
    • Kanto Region
      • Tokyo Metropolis
        • Nishi-Tama-gun
          • Okutama-cho
Matsubara et al (1990) Bulletin of the National Science Museum, 16, 79-89.; Matsubara S, Miyawaki R, Yokoyama K, Shimizu M, Imai H (2004) Tokyoite, Ba2Mn3+(VO4)2(OH), a new mineral from the Shiromaru mine, Okutama, Tokyo, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences 99, 363-367; http://www.issp.u-tokyo.ac.jp/labs/mdcl/lab/denken/wordpress/?page_id=1969#a02; photo in: Koubutsu Doshikai (2017) Kanto-to Shuhen-no Koubutsu (279pp).; Tanaka, T. & Hamane, D. (2016) Epidote-(Sr) from Shiromaru mine, Tokyo prefecture, Japan. (conference presentation R1-P14)
Russia
 
  • Northern Region
    • Murmanskaya Oblast'
Joan Rosell-rosellminerals
USA (TL)
 
  • New Jersey
    • Sussex Co.
      • Franklin mining district
        • Franklin
Peacor, et al: Am.Min.:63:1187-1189 (1978); Dunn, P.J. & Leavens, P.B.: Min.Rec.:17:123-125 (1986); Dunn(1995):Pt3:440.
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