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Paarite

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Werner H. Paar
Formula:
Pb1.7Cu1.7Bi6.3S12
Colour:
tin white
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
Specific Gravity:
6.94
Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Name:
Named by Emil Makovicky, Dan Topa, and Tonci Balić-Žunić in 2001 in honor of Werner H. Paar (Salzburg, 15 September 1942 - ), Professor of Mineralogy at the University of Salzburg, Austria. He made special contributions to the ore deposit potential in the Austrian Alps.
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Classification of PaariteHide

Approved
Approval Year:
2001
2.HB.05a

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
H : Sulfosalts of SnS archetype
B : With Cu, Ag, Fe, Sn and Pb

Physical Properties of PaariteHide

Metallic
Transparency:
Opaque
Colour:
tin white
Hardness:
3½ on Mohs scale
Density:
6.94 g/cm3 (Measured)    

Chemical Properties of PaariteHide

Formula:
Pb1.7Cu1.7Bi6.3S12
IMA Formula:
Cu1.7Pb1.7Bi6.3S12

Crystallography of PaariteHide

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):
mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) - Dipyramidal
Cell Parameters:
a = 4.007 Å, b = 60 Å, c = 11.51 Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.067 : 1 : 0.192
Unit Cell V:
2,767.23 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
3.63 (100)
3.55 (85)
2.83 (95)

Type Occurrence of PaariteHide

General Appearance of Type Material:
minute prismatic crystals to 0.3 mm
Geological Setting of Type Material:
sulphosalt bearing quartz veins, hosted by paleozoic amphibolites, hornblendites and granite gneisses
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Synonyms of PaariteHide

Other Language Names for PaariteHide

German:Paarit
Russian:Паарит
Simplified Chinese:帕硫铋铅铜矿
Traditional Chinese:帕硫鉍鉛銅礦

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.HB.Carducciite(Ag2Sb2)Pb12(As,Sb)16S40Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.HB.05aAikinitePbCuBiS3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
2.HB.05aFriedrichitePb5Cu5Bi7S18Orth. mm2
2.HB.05aGladitePbCuBi5S9Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.HB.05aHammaritePb2Cu2Bi4S9Orth.
2.HB.05cJaskólskiiteCuxPb2+x(Sb,Bi)2-xS5 (x ~ 0.15)Orth.
2.HB.05aKrupkaitePbCuBi3S6Orth.
2.HB.05aLindströmitePb3Cu3Bi7S15Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.HB.05bMeneghinitePb13CuSb7S24Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.HB.05aPekoitePbCuBi11(S,Se)18Orth.
2.HB.05aEmilitePb2.7Cu2.7Bi5.3S12Orth. mm2
2.HB.05UM2000-46-S:BiCuPbCu0.33Pb0.33Bi7.67S12
2.HB.05aSalzburgitePb1.6Cu1.6Bi6.4S12Orth. mm2
2.HB.05UM1990-54-Se:BiCuPbCuPb(Ni,Co)0.3Bi3Se6
2.HB.10cEclarite(Cu,Fe)Pb9Bi12S28Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
2.HB.10bGiessenitePb27Cu2(Bi,Sb)19S57Mon. 2/m
2.HB.10bIzoklakeitePb27(Cu,Fe,Ag)2(Sb,Bi)19S57Orth.
2.HB.10aKobellitePb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
2.HB.10aTintinaitePb22Cu4(Sb,Bi)30S69Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
2.HB.15BenavidesitePb4MnSb6S14Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.HB.15JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.HB.20dBerryiteCu3Ag2Pb3Bi7S16Mon. 2/m : P21/m
2.HB.20bBuckhorniteAuPb2BiTe2S3Orth.
2.HB.20aNagyágite[Pb3(Pb,Sb)3S6](Au,Te)3Mon. 2/m : P21/m
2.HB.20eWatkinsoniteCu2PbBi4(Se,S,Te)8Mon.
2.HB.20cMuseumite[Pb2(Pb,Sb)2S8][(Te,Au)2]Mon. 2
2.HB.20eLitochlebiteAg2PbBi4Se8Mon. 2/m : P21/m

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for PaariteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Makovicky, E., Topa, D., and Balić-Žunić, T. (2001) The crystal structure of paarite, the newly discovered 56 Å derivative of the bismuthinite-aikinite solid-solution series. Canadian Mineralogist: 39: 1377-1382.
Topa, D., Makovicky, E., and Balić-Žunić, T. (2005) Mineralogical data on salzburgite and paarite, two new members of the bismuthinite–aikinite series. Canadian Mineralogist: 43: 909-917.
Jambor, J.L., Roberts, A.C. (2004) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 89: 1826-1834.
Lapis (2004): 29(5): 42.
Petrícek, V., Makovicky, E. (2006) Interpretation of selected structures of the bismuthinite — aikinite series as commensurately modulated structures. The Canadian Mineralogist: 44: 189-206.
Locock, A.J., Piilonen, P.C., Ercit, T.S., Rowe, R. (2006) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 91: 216-224.

Internet Links for PaariteHide

Localities for PaariteHide

ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Austria (TL)
 
  • Salzburg
    • Hohe Tauern
      • Felben valley
        • Scheelite deposit
Topa, D., Makovicky, E., and Balić-Žunić, T. (2004): Mineralogical data on salzburgite and paarite, two new members of the bismuthinite–aikinite series. Canadian Mineralogist 43, 909-917; Lapis 29(5):42 (2004)
China
 
  • Yunnan Province
    • Chuxiong Autonomous Prefecture
      • Yao'an Co.
Zhou, H., Sun, X., Yang, T., Ren, Y., Zhu, K., Yu, H., & Lai, C. K. (2018). Mineralogy of Bi-sulfosalts and tellurides from the Yaoan gold deposit, southwest China and its metallogenic implications. Ore Geology Reviews.
Greece
 
  • Macedonia Department
    • Chalkidiki Prefecture
      • Aristotelis
Voudouris, P. C., Spry, P. G., Mavrogonatos, C., Sakellaris, G. A., Bristol, S. K., Melfos, V., & Fornadel, A. P. (2013). Bismuthinite derivatives, lillianite homologues, and bismuth sulfotellurides as indicators of gold mineralization in the Stanos shear-zone related deposit, Chalkidiki, Northern Greece. The Canadian Mineralogist, 51(1), 119-142.
Hungary
 
  • Fejér Co.
    • Velencei Mts
      • Pátka
collector: László Tóth, WDS: Norbert Zajzon
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesia
    • Czarnów
      • Rędziny
Gołębiowska B., Pieczka A., Parafiniuk J. 2005: Minerals of the bismuthinite-aikinite series from Rędziny (Western Sudetes). Mineralogical Society of Poland - Special Papers, vol. 26, 165-168.
Switzerland
 
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Binn Valley
Cuchet, S. & Topa, D. (2016): Gladit, Krupkait, Paarit und Salzburgit: 4 neue Sulfosalze aus dem Binntal VS. Schweizer Strahler 50 (3), 15-19 (in German and French).
      • Kriegalp Valley (Chriegalp Valley)
Cuchet, S. & Topa, D. (2016): Gladit, Krupkait, Paarit und Salzburgit: 4 neue Sulfosalze aus dem Binntal VS. Schweizer Strahler 50 (3), 15-19 (in German and French).
Mineral and/or Locality  
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