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Merenskyite

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About MerenskyiteHide

09587030014947588401143.jpg
Hans Merensky
Formula:
PdTe2
Pd may be replaced by Pt, Te by Bi.
Colour:
White
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
2 - 3
Specific Gravity:
8.547 (Calculated)
Crystal System:
Trigonal
Member of:
Name:
For Hans Merensky (1871-1952), South African geologist, prospector, scientist, conservationist and philanthropist.

Classification of MerenskyiteHide

Approved
2.EA.20

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
E : Metal Sulfides, M: S <= 1:2
A : M:S = 1:2 - With Cu, Ag, Au
2.12.14.4

2 : SULFIDES
12 : AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
3.12.23

3 : Sulphides, Selenides, Tellurides, Arsenides and Bismuthides (except the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au, which are included in Section 1)
12 : Sulphides etc. of the platinum metals

Physical Properties of MerenskyiteHide

Metallic
Transparency:
Opaque
Colour:
White
Hardness:
2 - 3 on Mohs scale
Hardness:
VHN10=82 - 128 kg/mm2 - Vickers
Density:
8.547 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of MerenskyiteHide

Anisotropism:
Distinct to strong, from dark brown to light greenish gray
Colour in reflected light:
White
Pleochroism:
Weak
Comments:
White to grayish white in air, more distinct in oil

Chemical Properties of MerenskyiteHide

Formula:
PdTe2

Pd may be replaced by Pt, Te by Bi.

Crystallography of MerenskyiteHide

Crystal System:
Trigonal
Class (H-M):
3m - Ditrigonal Pyramidal
Space Group:
P3m1
Cell Parameters:
a = 3.978(1) Å, c = 5.125(2) Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 1.288
Unit Cell V:
70.24 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
1
Morphology:
Minute grains

Type Occurrence of MerenskyiteHide

Geological Setting of Type Material:
Ultramafic intrusive

Synonyms of MerenskyiteHide

Other Language Names for MerenskyiteHide

Relationship of Merenskyite to other SpeciesHide

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
BerndtiteSnS2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
KitkaiteNiTeSeTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
MeloniteNiTe2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
Moncheite(Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2Trig.
ShuangfengiteIrTe2Trig.
SudovikovitePtSe2Trig.
Forms a series with:

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
1 photo of Merenskyite associated with ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
1 photo of Merenskyite associated with Pyroxene Group
1 photo of Merenskyite associated with Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
1 photo of Merenskyite associated with PyrrhotiteFe1-xS
1 photo of Merenskyite associated with MicheneritePdBiTe

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.EA.05Sylvanite(Au,Ag)2Te4Mon. 2/m : P2/b
2.EA.10CalaveriteAuTe2Mon.
2.EA.15KostoviteCuAuTe4Orth.
2.EA.15KrenneriteAu3AgTe8Orth. mm2 : Pma2
2.EA.20BerndtiteSnS2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
2.EA.20KitkaiteNiTeSeTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
2.EA.20MeloniteNiTe2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
2.EA.20Moncheite(Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2Trig.
2.EA.20ShuangfengiteIrTe2Trig.
2.EA.20SudovikovitePtSe2Trig.
2.EA.25VerbeekitePdSe2Mon.
2.EA.30DrysdalliteMo(Se,S)2Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
2.EA.30JordisiteMoS2Amor.
2.EA.30MolybdeniteMoS2Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
2.EA.30TungsteniteWS2Trig. 3m : R3m

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

2.12.14.1MeloniteNiTe2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
2.12.14.2KitkaiteNiTeSeTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
2.12.14.3Moncheite(Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2Trig.
2.12.14.5BerndtiteSnS2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
2.12.14.6ShuangfengiteIrTe2Trig.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

3.12.1Seinäjokite(Fe,Ni)(Sb,As)2Orth.
3.12.2LauriteRuS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.12.3Ruthenarsenite(Ru,Ni)AsOrth.
3.12.4Anduoite(Ru,Os)As2Orth.
3.12.5Ruarsite(Ru,Os)AsSMon.
3.12.6XingzhongitePb2+Ir3+2S4Iso.
3.12.7RhodplumsiteRh3Pb2S2Trig.
3.12.8Cuprorhodsite(Cu1+0.5Fe3+0.5)Rh3+2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
3.12.9KonderiteCu3Pb(Rh,Pt,Ir)8S16Hex. 6/m : P6/m
3.12.10Bowieite(Rh,Ir,Pt)2S3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
3.12.11CherepanoviteRhAsOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
3.12.12Hollingworthite(Rh,Pt,Pd)AsSIso. m3 (2/m 3)
3.12.13Vysotskite(Pd,Ni)STet.
3.12.14Vasilite(Pd,Cu)16(S,Te)7Iso.
3.12.15PalladseitePd17Se15Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m)
3.12.16Oosterboschite(Pd,Cu)7Se5Orth.
3.12.17TelluropalladinitePd9Te4Mon.
3.12.18TemagamitePd3HgTe3Trig. 3m : P3m1
3.12.19SopcheiteAg4Pd3Te4Orth.
3.12.20MicheneritePdBiTeIso. 2 3 : P21 3
3.12.21KotulskitePd(Te,Bi)2-x (x ≈ 0.4)Hex.
3.12.22Telargpalite(Pd,Ag)3(Te,Bi)Iso.
3.12.24PalladoarsenidePd2AsMon. 2/m : P2/m
3.12.25StillwateritePd8As3Trig.
3.12.26AtheneitePd2As0.75Hg0.25Hex. 6 m2 : P62m
3.12.27MajakitePdNiAsHex.
3.12.28PalarstanidePd5(Sn,As)2Hex.
3.12.29ArsenopalladinitePd8(As,Sb)3Tric. 1 : P1
3.12.30VincentitePd3AsTet.
3.12.31PalladobismutharsenidePd2(As,Bi)Orth.
3.12.32StibiopalladinitePd5Sb2Hex.
3.12.33Hexatestibiopanickelite(Pd,Ni)(Sb,Te)Hex.
3.12.34SudburyitePdSbHex.
3.12.35TestibiopalladitePdTe(Sb,Te)Iso.
3.12.36BorovskitePd3SbTe4Iso.
3.12.37IsomertieitePd11Sb2As2Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
3.12.38Mertieite-IPd11(Sb,As)4Hex.
3.12.39Mertieite-IIPd8Sb2.5As0.5Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3c
3.12.40SobolevskitePdBiHex.
3.12.41Frooditeα-PdBi2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
3.12.42PolaritePd(Bi,Pb)Orth. mm2 : Cmc21
3.12.43UrvantsevitePd(Bi,Pb)2Tet.
3.12.44CooperitePtSTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P42/mmc
3.12.45Braggite(Pt,Pd,Ni)STet.
3.12.46Kharaelakhite(Cu,Pt,Pb,Fe,Ni)9S8Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmm
3.12.47MalaniteCu1+(Ir3+Pt4+)S4Iso.
3.12.48Moncheite(Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2Trig.
3.12.49MaslovitePtBiTeIso. 2 3 : P21 3
3.12.50SperrylitePtAs2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.12.51PlatarsitePtAsSIso.
3.12.52GeversitePtSb2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.12.53DaomaniteCuPtAsS2Orth.
3.12.54Genkinite(Pt,Pd,Rh)4Sb3Tet. 4 2 2
3.12.55StumpflitePtSbHex.
3.12.56InsizwaitePt(Bi,Sb)2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.12.57ErlichmaniteOsS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.12.58Omeiite(Os,Ru)As2Orth.
3.12.59Osarsite(Os,Ru)AsSMon.
3.12.60Kashinite(Ir,Rh)2S3Orth.
3.12.61InaglyiteCu3Pb(Ir,Pt)8S16Hex.
3.12.62Cuproiridsite(Cu,Fe)Ir2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
3.12.63Iridarsenite(Ir,Ru)As2Mon.
3.12.64Irarsite(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsSIso.
3.12.65TolovkiteIrSbSIso.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for MerenskyiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Mineralogical Magazine (1966): 35: 815-834.
American Mineralogist (1967): 52: 926.
Vymazalová, A., Ondrus, P., Drábek, M. (2005): Synthetic palladium tellurides, their structures and mineralogical significance. In: Mao, J. & Bierlein, F.P.: Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge, Springer, Berlin-Heidelberg, pp. 1439-1442.

Internet Links for MerenskyiteHide

Localities for MerenskyiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Antarctica
 
  • Eastern Antarctica
    • Princess Elizabeth Land
      • Ingrid Christensen Coast
        • Vestfold Hills
Egorova, M. S., Semenovb, V. S., & Alekseeva, N. L. (2015). Low Sulfide PGE Mineralization in Ring Layered Intrusion, Westfall Oasis, Antarctica. GEOLOGY OF ORE DEPOSITS, 57(8).
Argentina
 
  • La Rioja Province
    • General Lamadrid department
      • Villa Castelli
        • Sierra de Cacho
DE BRODTKORB, Milka K. Precious metaltellurides and other Te-bearing minerals in different paragenesis of Argentina: A review. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2009, vol.64, n.3, pp. 365-372.; Paar, W.H., Topa, D., Sureda, R.J., Stumpfl, E. and Mühlhans, H. (2004) Merenskyita, PdTe2, en las menas de selenio, cobre y plata de la mina Las Asperezas, distrito minero Sierra de Umango, provincia de La Rioja, Argentina. 7th Congreso de Mineralogía y Metalogenia, Actas, 113-118, Buenos Aires.; Paar, W. H., Putz, H., Topa, D., de Brodtkorb, M. K., & Sureda, R. J. (2005, January). Occurrence and paragenesis of tellurium in mineral deposits of Argentina. In Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge (pp. 1419-1422). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.
  • San Luis Province
    • Coronel Pringles department
      • El Trapiche
Mineralogical Magazine 1997 61 : 861-877; DE BRODTKORB, Milka K. Precious metaltellurides and other Te-bearing minerals in different paragenesis of Argentina: A review. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2009, vol.64, n.3, pp. 365-372.; FERRACUTTI, G.; BJERG, E. and MOGESSIE, A.. Precious and base metals in Las Águilas, Sierra de San Luis: Mineralogy, genesis and evolution. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2007, vol.62, n.3, pp. 434-446.; Mineralogy and Petrology (2000) 68: 85-114; Paar, W. H., Putz, H., Topa, D., de Brodtkorb, M. K., & Sureda, R. J. (2005, January). Occurrence and paragenesis of tellurium in mineral deposits of Argentina. In Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge (pp. 1419-1422). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Cunningham Co.
      • Trundle
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
  • Victoria
    • Baw Baw Shire
      • Walhalla
G.W.Cochrane 1982. Copper,Lead, Zinc and Barium deposits of Victoria, Geological Survey of Victoria, Bulletin No. 61, pp. 110-118
  • Western Australia
    • Coolgardie Shire
      • Kambalda
        • Kambalda Nickel mines
Hudson, D.R. (1986) Platinum-group minerals from the Kambalda nickel deposits, Western Australia, Economic Geology, Vol 81, No.5 pp.1218-1225.
    • Ngaanyatjarraku Shire
      • West Musgrave Block
        • Jamieson Community (Mantamaru)
Seat, Z. (2008) Geology, Petrology, Mineral and Whole-rock Chemistry, Stable and Radiogenic Isotope Systematics and Ni-Cu-PGE Mineralisation of the Nebo-Babel Intrusion, West Musgrave, Western Australia. PhD. Thesis, University of Western Australia.
Mineral. Deposita 42 (2007) 551-581.
Austria
 
  • Salzburg
    • Zell am See District
      • Mittersill
        • Haidbachgraben
Schwabl, S., Melcher, F., Grill, H.A. (2015): First occurrence of platinum-group minerals in Salzburg: the Haidbachgraben Cu-Ni-Co deposit, Pinzgau. Poster, MinPet 2015, Leoben, Austria, September 10-13; abstract in Mitteilungen der Österreichischen Mineralogischen Gesellschaft 161, 117.; Melcher, F., Onuk, P., Schwabl, S., Zimmermann, M. & Aiglsperger, T. (2019): Rhenium sulphides and platinum-group minerals at Haidbach/Pinzgau – recent results. Mitteilungen der Österreichischen Mineralogischen Gesellschaft 165, 64 (abs.).
Botswana
 
  • North-East District
    • Francistown District
Maier, W.D., Barnes, S.-J., Chinyepi, G., Barton, Jr., J.M., Eglington, B., and Setshedi, I. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 37-60.
Brazil
 
  • Bahia
    • Campo Formoso
(2014) 12th International Platinum Symposium p41; Mota-e-Silva, J., Prichard, H.M., Suárez, S., Ferreira Filho, C.F., Fisher, P.C. (2016): Supergene alteration of platinum-group minerals and formation of Pd-Cu-O and Pd-I-O compounds in the Limoeiro Ni-Cu-(PGE) deposit, Brazil. Canadian Mineralogist: 54: 755-778; http://forum.amiminerals.it/viewtopic.php?f=5&t=13550 (2017); Mota-e-Silva, J., Prichard, H. M., Ferreira Filho, C. F., Fisher, P. C., & McDonald, I. (2015). Platinum-group minerals in the Limoeiro Ni–Cu–(PGE) sulfide deposit, Brazil: the effect of magmatic and upper amphibolite to granulite metamorphic processes on PGM formation. Mineralium Deposita, 50(8), 1007-1029.
  • Goiás
33rd International Geological Congress (2008) session MPM-04 Platinum-group mineralogy: Diversity of Platinum group minerals (PGM) in chromitites from Brazil, preliminary results
  • Minas Gerais
The Canadian Mineralogist; August 2007; v. 45; no. 4; p. 751-773;
Bulgaria
 
  • Sofia Province
    • Zlatitsa Obshtina
      • Zlatitsa
Stribrny, B., Wellmer, F.-W., Burgath, K.-P., Oberthür, T., Tarkian, M., and Pfeiffer, T. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 260-281.; Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Georgiev, Georgi (2008) A genetic model of the Elatsite porphyry copper deposit, Bulgaria. GEOCHEMISTRY, MINERALOGY AND PETROLOGY • SOFIA 46, 143-160.; K. Bogdanov, A. Filipov, R. Kehayov (2005): Au-Ag-Te-Se minerals in the Elatsite porphyry-copper deposit, Bulgaria. Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrology, 43, 13-19.; Tarkian, M., Hünken, U., Tokmakchieva, M., and Bogdanov, K. (2003) Precious-metal distribution and fluid-inclusion petrography of the Elatsite porphyry copper deposit, Bulgaria. Mineralium Deposita 38, 261–281.
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • New Westminster Mining Division
      • Hope
Manor, M.J., Scoates, J.S., Nixon,G.T., and Ames, D.E., 2014. Platinum-group mineralogy of the Giant Mascot Ni-CuPGE deposit, Hope, B.C. In: Geological Fieldwork 2013, British Columbia Ministry of Energy and Mines, British Columbia Geological Survey Paper 2014-1, pp. 141-156.
  • Manitoba
Hulbert, L. J., Duke, J. M., Eckstrand, O. R., Lydon, J. W., Scoates, R. F. J., Cabri, L. J., & Irvine, T. N. (1998) Geological Environments of Platinum Group elements. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1440. Natural Resources Canada.
    • Flin Flon District
      • Bear Lake
Olivo & Theyer (2004) CM 42, 667; Olivo, G., Theyer, P., & Bursztyn, N. (2002). Platinum group element investigations in the Flin Flon greenstone belt: Petrography and mineralogy of the McBratney Lake PGE-Au occurrence (NTS 63K13), Manitoba. Report of Activities, 94-99.
    • Thompson Nickel Belt
      • Moab-Setting Lakes area
Y. Chen, M. E. Fleet and Y. Pan (1993) Platinum-group minerals and gold in Arsenic-rich ore at the Thompson mine, Thompson Nickel Belt, Manitoba, Canada. Mineralogy and Petrology 49:127-146; Chen, Yuan, "Precious-metal Mineralization And Sulfide-silicate Relationships In Some Canadian Nickel-copper Sulfide Deposits: Thompson Mine, Manitoba; Sudbury, Ontario; Dundonald Beach, Ontario" (1993). Digitized Theses. Paper 2231.
  • Nunavut
    • Kivalliq Region
Campos-Alvarez, N. O., Samson, I. M., & Fryer, B. J. (2012). The roles of magmatic and hydrothermal processes in PGE mineralization, Ferguson Lake deposit, Nunavut, Canada. Mineralium Deposita, 47(4), 441-465.
  • Ontario
    • Kenora District
      • Kapkichi Lake Area
Can Mineral 1984 22: 13-21
    • Nipissing District
      • Phyllis Township
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Copperfield%27s_Mine; Canadian Mineralogist (1973): 12: 193-198
    • Sudbury District
      • Blezard Township
; Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
      • Capreol Township
Péntek, A., Molnár, F., Tuba, G., Watkinson, D. H., & Jones, P. C. (2013). The significance of partial melting processes in hydrothermal low sulfide Cu-Ni-PGE mineralization within the footwall of the Sudbury Igneous Complex, Ontario, Canada. Economic Geology, 108(1), 59-78.
      • Creighton-Davies Township
Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
      • Denison Township
Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787; Chen, Yuan, "Precious-metal Mineralization And Sulfide-silicate Relationships In Some Canadian Nickel-copper Sulfide Deposits: Thompson Mine, Manitoba; Sudbury, Ontario; Dundonald Beach, Ontario" (1993). Digitized Theses. Paper 2231.
Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., (2003), Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
        • Fraser mine
Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., (2003), Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., (2003), Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
Sarah A. S. Dare, Sarah-Jane Barnes, Hazel M. Prichard und Peter C. Fisher (2011): Chalcophile and platinum-group element (PGE) concentrations in the sulfide minerals from the McCreedy East deposit, Sudbury, Canada, and the origin of PGE in pyrite. Mineralium Deposita 46, 381-407.; Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., (2003), Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787; Kjarsgaard, I. M., & Ames, D. E. (2010, June). Ore mineralogy of Cu-Ni-PGE deposits in the North Range footwall environment, Sudbury, Canada. In 11th international platinum symposium, program abstracts, Ontario Geological Survey, miscellaneous release-data (Vol. 269).
Kjarsgaard, I. M., & Ames, D. E. (2010, June). Ore mineralogy of Cu-Ni-PGE deposits in the North Range footwall environment, Sudbury, Canada. In 11th international platinum symposium, program abstracts, Ontario Geological Survey, miscellaneous release-data (Vol. 269).; Nelles, E. W. (2014). Genesis of Cu-PGE-rich footwall-type mineralization in the Morrison deposit, Sudbury (Masters thesis, Laurentian University of Sudbury).
R. C. Smith, II, SEM, 5/24/10
Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
      • MacLennan Township
Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., (2003), Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
      • McKim Township
Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
      • Norman Township
Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., (2003), Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
Kjarsgaard, I. M., & Ames, D. E. (2010, June). Ore mineralogy of Cu-Ni-PGE deposits in the North Range footwall environment, Sudbury, Canada. In 11th international platinum symposium, program abstracts, Ontario Geological Survey, miscellaneous release-data (Vol. 269).
Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
      • Rathbun Township
Econ Geol (1988) 83:492-510; Econ Geol (1986) 81:1272-1277; Hulbert, L. J., Duke, J. M., Eckstrand, O. R., Lydon, J. W., Scoates, R. F. J., Cabri, L. J., & Irvine, T. N. (1998) Geological Environments of Platinum Group elements. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1440. Natural Resources Canada.
Grice, Joel D. (1989) Sudbury: Nickel Capital of the World. In: Famous mineral localities of Canada. Published by Fitzhenry & Whiteside Limited & the National Museum of Natural Sciences, 190 pages: 79-84; 157-158.
      • Wisner Township
Economic Geology 103 (2008) 1005-1028.; Kjarsgaard, I. M., & Ames, D. E. (2010, June). Ore mineralogy of Cu-Ni-PGE deposits in the North Range footwall environment, Sudbury, Canada. In 11th international platinum symposium, program abstracts, Ontario Geological Survey, miscellaneous release-data (Vol. 269).; Ames, D. E., McClenaghan, M. B., Averill, S., & Milkereit, B. (2007). Footwall-hosted Cu-PGE (Au, Ag), Sudbury Canada: towards a new exploration vector. Exploration 07, Exploration in the New Millennium, 1013-1017.; Ames D, Hanley J, Jackson S (2014)Low sulfide high-grade sperrylite-epidote-quartz zone, Sudbury Canada: implications for hydrothermal-magmatic processes. 21 st meeting of the International Mineralogical Association. p 96
Péntek, A., Molnár, F., Tuba, G., Watkinson, D. H., & Jones, P. C. (2013). The significance of partial melting processes in hydrothermal low sulfide Cu-Ni-PGE mineralization within the footwall of the Sudbury Igneous Complex, Ontario, Canada. Economic Geology, 108(1), 59-78.
Kjarsgaard, I. M., & Ames, D. E. (2010, June). Ore mineralogy of Cu-Ni-PGE deposits in the North Range footwall environment, Sudbury, Canada. In 11th international platinum symposium, program abstracts, Ontario Geological Survey, miscellaneous release-data (Vol. 269).
Robert C. Smith, II Pennsylvania Geological Survey, 10-03-10
    • Thunder Bay District
Mulja & Mitchell (1990)
Mcdonald, A.M., Cabri, L.J., Stanley, C.J., Good, D.J., Redpath, J., Lane, G., Spratt, J. & Ames, D.E. (2015) Coldwellite, Pd3Ag2S, a new mineral species from the Marathon deposit, Coldwell complex, Ontario, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist 53, 1-13.
      • Hagey Township
Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 16, pp. 659-663 (1978)
      • Lac des Iles Area
Canadian Mineralogist 22:233-237; Louis J. Cabri and J.H. Gilles Laflamme (1979) Mineralogy of Samples from the Lac Des Iles Area, Ontario. Canmet Report 79-27; Hulbert, L. J., Duke, J. M., Eckstrand, O. R., Lydon, J. W., Scoates, R. F. J., Cabri, L. J., & Irvine, T. N. (1998) Geological Environments of Platinum Group elements. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1440. Natural Resources Canada.
Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.22, pp. 125-136 (1984); D. H. Watkinson and G. Dunning v(1979) Geology and platinum-group mineralization, Lac-des-Iles Complex, northwestern Ontario. Can Mineral 17:453-462
      • O'Neill Township
Canadian Mineralogist 30, 121; 5th International Platinum Symposium Bulletin of The Geological Society of Finland Number 61, Part 1,1989,1-64
      • Seagull Lake Area
        • Seagull Lake complex
Wilson, G., & Harper, G. (2013). Nipigon Reefs Project: A New Look at the PGE-bearing Seagull Mafic-Ultramafic Complex. Field Guide to the Copper-Nickel-Platinum Group Element Deposits of the Lake Superior Region, Precambrian Research Center Guidebook, 13-01.
      • Seeley Lake Area
Mulja, T. & Mitchell, R.H. (1990) Platinum-group minerals and tellurides from the Geordi Lake intrusion, Coldwell complex, Northwestern Ontario. Canadian Mineralogist 28, 489-501.; Geological Association of Canada (2014) Abstracts Fredericton Vol 37
Good, D. J., Cabri, L. J., & Ames, D. E. (2017). PGM facies variations for Cu-PGE deposits in the Coldwell Alkaline Complex, Ontario, Canada. Ore Geology Reviews, 90, 748-771.
    • Timiskaming District
      • Boston Township
Econ Geol (1993) 88:817-836; CM 30, 109; STONE, W.E., FLEET, M.E.,CROCKET, J.H. & KINGSTON, D.M. (1992) Platinum group minerals in pyroxenite from the Boston Creek Flow basaltic komatite, Abitibi greenstone belt, Ontario. Canadian Mineralogist 30, 109-119.
  • Québec
    • Nord-du-Québec
      • Nunavik
5th International Platinum Symposium Bulletin of The Geological Society of Finland Number 61, Part 1,1989,1-64
          • Donaldson deposit
Dillon-Leitch, H. C. H. (1990). The distribution of platinum-group elements and platinum-group minerals from the Donaldson West and Surface deposits, Cape Smith belt, Quebec: The roles of thermal and dynamic metamorphism. PhD Thesis Carleton University (Canada)
Econ Geol (1986) 81:1147-1158
harlie L. Seabrook, Hazel M. Prichard and Peter C. Fisher (2004) Platinum-group minerals in the Raglan Ni-Cu-(PGE) sulfide deposit, Cape Smith, Quebec, Canada (in Platinum-group elements; petrology, geochemistry, mineralogy) The Canadian Mineralogist 42:485-497
Charlie L. Seabrook, Hazel M. Prichard and Peter C. Fisher (2004) Platinum-group minerals in the Raglan Ni-Cu-(PGE) sulfide deposit, Cape Smith, Quebec, Canada (in Platinum-group elements; petrology, geochemistry, mineralogy) The Canadian Mineralogist 42:485-497
        • Ungava Peninsula
Charlie L. Seabrook, Hazel M. Prichard and Peter C. Fisher (2004) Platinum-group minerals in the Raglan Ni-Cu-(PGE) sulfide deposit, Cape Smith, Quebec, Canada (in Platinum-group elements; petrology, geochemistry, mineralogy) The Canadian Mineralogist 42:485-497
Liu, Y., Mungall, J. E., & Ames, D. E. (2016). Hydrothermal redistribution and local enrichment of platinum group elements in the Tootoo and Mequillon magmatic sulfide deposits, South Raglan Trend, Cape Smith Belt, New Quebec Orogen. Economic Geology, 111(2), 467-485.
Liu, Y., Mungall, J. E., & Ames, D. E. (2016). Hydrothermal redistribution and local enrichment of platinum group elements in the Tootoo and Mequillon magmatic sulfide deposits, South Raglan Trend, Cape Smith Belt, New Quebec Orogen. Economic Geology, 111(2), 467-485.
  • Yukon
    • Whitehorse mining district
      • Kluane District
Barkov, A.Y., Laflamme, J.H.G., Cabri, L.J., and Martin, R.F. (2002) Platinum-group minerals from the Wellgreen Cu-Ni-PGE deposit, Yukon, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist: 40: 651-669.; 5th International Platinum Symposium Bulletin of The Geological Society of Finland Number 61, Part 1,1989,1-64; Barkov, A.Y., Laflamme, J.H.G., Cabri, L.G., Martin. R.F. (2002): Platinum-group minerals from the Wellgreen Ni-Cu-PGE deposit, Yukon, Canada. Can. Mineral.: 40(2): 651-669
China
 
  • Gansu
    • Jinchang
      • Jinchuan District
Enhuan Jia (1986): Mineral Deposits 5(1), 27-38; Wenfeng Zhu and Youbin Liang (2000): Geology and Prospecting 36(1), 26-28; Yang, X.-Z., Ishihara, S., and Zhao, D.-H. (2006): Mineralogy and Petrology 86 (1/2), 109-128; Yang, Xuan-Zhu;Matsueda, Hiroharu;Yui, Shunzo;Dong, Xian-Yang (1992) : Chemical Compositions and Paragenesis of the Platinum-group Element Minerals in the Jinchuan Sulfide Deposit, Gansu Province, China. Journal of the Faculty of Science, Hokkaido University. Series 4, Geology and mineralogy;Vol.XXIII, No.2
  • Inner Mongolia
    • Hohhot City (Huhehaote Prefecture)
      • Wuchuan County
Youbin Liang (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(12), 18-21
Chen Keqiao, Yang Huifang, Ma Letian, and Peng Zhizhong (1981): Dizhi Lunping [Geological Review] 27(2), 108-115.
  • Jiangxi
    • Shangrao
      • Dexing Co.
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
  • Jilin
    • Tonghua
      • Tonghua Co.
Xiangwen Wang (2002): Mineral Deposits 21(suppl.), 689-692
  • Sichuan
    • Liangshan Yi
      • Huili County
Hangxin Cheng, Chuandong Zhao, Guangmin Zhuang, Yinhan Liu, Haifeng Nie, and Lu Qi (2007): Geology and Prospecting 43(4), 56-60
    • Panzhihua
      • Dong District
      • Miyi County
Yao, Y., and Viljoen, M.J. (2003): Goldschmidt Conference Abstracts 2003, A560; Zhu, W. G., Zhong, H., Hu, R. Z., Liu, B. G., He, D. F., Song, X. Y., & Deng, H. L. (2010). Platinum-group minerals and tellurides from the PGE-bearing Xinjie layered intrusion in the Emeishan Large Igneous Province, SW China. Mineralogy and Petrology, 98(1-4), 167-180.
    • Ya'an
      • Shimian County
Yao, Y., and Viljoen, M.J. (2003): Goldschmidt Conference Abstracts 2003, A560
  • Xinjiang
    • Yili Hasake Autonomous Prefecture (Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Aletai Prefecture (Altay Prefecture)
        • Fuyun Co. (Koktokay Co.)
Minqing Cheng, Yuchun Yang, Fuyi Jia, Qingshan Yang, Guifang Zhao, Cunchang Wang, and Sen Huang (1993): Geology and Prospecting 29(7), 35-39
  • Yunnan
    • Dali
      • Midu County
Huanbin Song, Mingqin He, Shangzhong Zhang, and Fenghuang Yi (2008): Chinese Journal of Geochemistry 27, 104-108.; Bilun Luo (1979): Geology and Prospecting 15(3), 11-15; Shengwei Wang, Xiaoming Sun, Zhenwen Liao, Bangguo Zhou, Maojin Luo, Yang Guo, Xiaofang Jiang, Huaping Zhu, Dong Ma, and Zhanwu Shen (2012): Mineral Deposits 31(6), 1259-1276
Czech Republic
 
  • South Bohemian Region
    • Písek District
      • Kovářov
        • Předbořice
Johan, Z., Merenskyite, Pd(Te,Se) (sub 2) , and the low-temperature selenide association from the Predborice uranium deposit, Czechoslovakia. Neues Jahrbuch fuer Mineralogie. Monatshefte, vol.1989, no.4, pp.179-191, 1989.; Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484; Bindi, L., Förster, H. J., Grundmann, G., Keutsch, F., & Stanley, C. (2016). Petříčekite, CuSe2, a New Member of the Marcasite Group from the Předbořice Deposit, Central Bohemia Region, Czech Republic. Minerals, 6(2), 33.
  • Ústí nad Labem Region
    • Děčín District
      • Šluknov
Sandmann, D., & Gutzmer, J. (2015). Nature and distribution of PGE mineralisation in gabbroic rocks of the Lusatian Block, Saxony, Germany Art und Verbreitung der PGE-Mineralisation in den gabbroiden Gesteinen des Lausitzer Blocks, Sachsen, Deutschland. Zeitschrift der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Geowissenschaften, 166(1), 35-53.
Denmark
 
  • Greenland
    • Sermersooq
      • Skaergaard intrusion
Holwell, D. A., Keays, R. R., McDonald, I., & Williams, M. R. (2015). Extreme enrichment of Se, Te, PGE and Au in Cu sulfide microdroplets: evidence from LA-ICP-MS analysis of sulfides in the Skaergaard Intrusion, east Greenland. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 170(5-6), 1-26.
DR Congo
 
  • Haut-Katanga
    • Kambove District
      • Shinkolobwe
www.ulb.ac.be/sciences/katangapgm/CAP.pdf.
  • Lualaba
    • Kolwezi mining district
      • Kolwezi
www.ulb.ac.be/sciences/katangapgm/CAP.pdf.
Egypt
 
  • Red Sea
    • Eastern Desert
Helmy, H.M., and Mogessie, A. (2001): Mineralium Deposita 36, 58-71.
Helmy, H. M. (2005). Melonite group minerals and other tellurides from three Cu–Ni–PGE prospects, Eastern Desert, Egypt. Ore Geology Reviews, 26(3-4), 305-324.
      • Wadi Allaqi District
        • Wadi Haimur
Helmy, H.M., and Mogessie, A. (2001): Mineralium Deposita 36, 58-71.; Helmy, H. M., Stumpfl, E. F., & Kamel, O. A. (1995). Platinum-group minerals from the metamorphosed Abu Swayel Cu-Ni-PGE deposit, South Eastern Desert, Egypt. Economic Geology and the Bulletin of the Society of Economic Geologists, 90(8), 2350-2360.
Finland
 
  • Lapland
    • Koillismaa Complex
Kojonen, K. and Iljina, M. 2001. Platinum-Group Minerals in the Early Proterozoic Kuusijärvi Marginal Series, Koillismaa Layered Igneous Complex, Northeastern Finland. In A. Piestrzynski et al. (eds). Proceedings of the sixth Biennial SGA-SEG meeting, Balkema Publishers, Lisse, pp 653-656
    • Penikat complex
Econ Geol (1986) 81:1126-1136
Econ Geol (1986) 81:1126-1136; Huhtelin, T. A., Alapieti, T. T., & Lahtinen, J. J. (1990). The Paasivaara PGE reef in the Penikat layered intrusion, northern Finland. Mineralogy and Petrology, 42(1-4), 57-70.; 5th International Platinum Symposium Bulletin of The Geological Society of Finland Number 61, Part 1,1989,1-64
    • Rovaniemi
Guice, G. L., Törmänen, T., Karykowski, B. T., Johanson, B., & Lahaye, Y. (2017). Precious metal mineralisation in the Sotkavaara Intrusion, northern Finland: Peak Pt, Pd, Au and Cu offsets in a small intrusion with poorly-developed magmatic layering. Ore Geology Reviews, 89, 701-718.
    • Sodankylä
Lamberg, P., Välimaa, J., Parkkinen, J., & Kojonen, K. (2005). Structural, geochemical and magmatic modelling of the early Proterozoic Keivitsa Ni-Cu-PGE deposit in Sodankylä, northern Finland. Extended Abstract. In 10th International Platinum Symposium, Abstract volume.; Gervilla, F., Kojonen, K. and Merkle, R.K.W., 2005. Platinum-group minerals in the Proterozoic Keivitsa mafic-ultramafic intrusion, Sodankylä, northern Finland. Extended Abstract, 10th International Platinum Symposium, Abstract volume
      • Kevitsansarvi (Keivitsansarvi)
Gervilla, F., & Kojonen, K. (2002). The platinum-group minerals in the upper section of the Keivitsansarvi Ni–Cu–PGE deposit, northern Finland. The Canadian Mineralogist, 40(2), 377-394.; Lips, ALW (2006) A review of non-ferrous mineral deposits in Europe - Finalised initial database BRGM/RP -54957 - FR
Geological Survey of Finland 2008 Pahtavaara - Gold Database
      • Viiankiaapa mire area
Fröclich,F., Gutzmer, J, Siikaluoma, J. and Osbahr, I. (2017) Sulfide vein mineralization of the shallow eastern stokworkzone and its genetic relation to the massive sulfide mineralization of the Sakatti Cu-Ni-PGE deposit, Finland. 3rd Finnish National Colloquium of Geosciences, Espoo, 15–16 March 2017: Abstract Book
  • North Karelia
    • Outokumpu Cu-Co-Zn-Ni-Ag-Au ore field
GEOLOGIAN TUTKIMUSKESKUKSEN ETELÄ-SUOMEN PLATINATUTKIMUS V. 1989 90.
  • North Ostrobothnia
    • Pudasjärvi
Karinen, Tuomo 2010. The Koillismaa intrusion northeasten Finland - evidence for PGE reef forming processes in the layered series. Geological Survey of Finland Bulletin 404
Germany
 
  • Saxony
    • Sächsische Schweiz-Osterzgebirge
      • Neustadt in Sachsen
Sandmann, D., & Gutzmer, J. (2015). Nature and distribution of PGE mineralisation in gabbroic rocks of the Lusatian Block, Saxony, Germany Art und Verbreitung der PGE-Mineralisation in den gabbroiden Gesteinen des Lausitzer Blocks, Sachsen, Deutschland. Zeitschrift der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Geowissenschaften, 166(1), 35-53.
Greece
 
  • Central Macedonia
    • Chalkidiki
      • Aristotelis
        • Cassandra Mines
M. Tarkian et al., N. Jb. Miner. Mh. H12 (1991) 529-537; Economou-Eliopoulos, M., & Eliopoulos, D. G. (2005). Mineralogical and geochemical characteristics of the Skouries porphyry-Cu-Au-Pd-Pt deposit (Greece): Evidence for the precious metal. In Mineral deposit research: meeting the global challenge (pp. 935-938). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.; Katie A. McFall, Jonathan Naden, Stephen Roberts, Tim Baker, John Spratt, Iain McDonald (2018): Platinum-group minerals in the Skouries Cu-Au (Pd, Pt, Te) porphyry deposit. Ore Geology Reviews 99, 344-364.; McFall, K., Roberts, S., Teagle, D., Naden, J., Lusty, P., & Boyce, A. (2016). The origin and distribution of critical metals (Pd, Pt, Te and Se) within the Skouries Cu-Au porphyry deposit, Greece. Applied Earth Science, 125(2), 100-101.
India
 
  • Karnataka
    • Davanagere District
      • Shimoga schist belt
Devaraju, T. C., & Alapieti, T. T. (2014, January). Exploration for PGE mineralization in the Western Dharwar Craton. In Proceedings of the Workshop on Magmatic Ore Deposits. Geol. Soc. India Special Publ (Vol. 2, pp. 43-60).
    • Shimoga District
Devaraju, T. C., & Alapieti, T. T. (2014, January). Exploration for PGE mineralization in the Western Dharwar Craton. In Proceedings of the Workshop on Magmatic Ore Deposits. Geol. Soc. India Special Publ (Vol. 2, pp. 43-60).
  • Maharashtra
    • Gondpipri complex
Dora, M., Singh, H., Kundu, A., Shareef, M., Randive, K., & Joshi, S. (2014). Tsumoite (BiTe) and associated Ni-PGE mineralization from Gondpipri mafic-ultramafic complex, Bastar Craton, Central India: mineralogy and genetic significance. Open Geosciences, 6(4), 506-517.
  • Odisha
    • Keonjhar District
Canadian Mineralogist 40:277-309
Italy
 
  • Piedmont
    • Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province
      • Different Municipalities
AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work.
    • Vercelli Province
      • Rimella
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
      • Scopello
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.; Econ Geol (1986) 81:113-1217
      • Varallo Sesia
Econ Geol (1986) 81:113-1217
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
Ivory Coast
 
  • Montagnes
    • Tonkpi
      • Biankouma Department
Gouedji, F., Picard, C., Coulibaly, Y., Audet, M. A., Auge, T., Goncalves, P., ... & Ouattara, N. (2014). The Samapleu mafic-ultramafic intrusion and its Ni-Cu-PGE mineralization: an Eburnean (2.09 Ga) feeder dyke to the Yacouba layered complex (Man Archean craton, western Ivory Coast). Bulletin de la Société Géologique de France, 185(6), 393-411.
Morocco
 
  • Drâa-Tafilalet Region
    • Zagora Province
      • Bleida
El Ghorfi, M., Oberthür, T., Melcher, F., Lüders, V., El Boukhari, A., Maacha, L., Ziadi, R., and Baoutoul, H. (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41, 549-564.
North Macedonia
 
  • Radoviš Municipality
Petrunov, R., Serafimovski, T., & Dragov, P. (2001). New finding of PGE-mineralisation in porphyry-copper environment-the Bučim deposit, Macedonia: preliminary microscope and microprobe data. In ABCDGEODE 2001 Workshop Vata Bai, Romania (Vol. 79, pp. 79-80).
Norway
 
  • Troms og Finnmark
    • Kvænangen
Larsen, R.B., Sørensen, B. E. and Tollefsrud, L. (2018) Formation of PGE-Cu-Ni Deposits in a High-yielding Lower Crustal Plumbing System: the Seiland Igneous Province, N-Norway. Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs. Vol. 50, No. 6
  • Trøndelag
    • Røyrvik
Grønlie, A. (1988): Platinum-group minerals in the Lillefjellklumpen nickel-copper deposit, Nord-Trøndelag, Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 68, 65-72
Nilsson, L. P. & Larsen, R. B. (1998): Edle mineraler i mafiske og ultramafiske bergarter- en oppsummering av platina-gruppe mineraler (PGM) funnet i Norge i de senere år. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift 14: 40-49
Pakistan
 
  • Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province
    • Upper Kohistan District
Kausar, A. B. (1998). Platinum Group Elements (PGE) and Platinum Group MineraIs (PGM) Distribution and petrological evolution of southern Kohistan Arc, Northern Pakistan (Doctoral dissertation, Université Joseph-Fourier-Grenoble I).
Papua New Guinea
 
  • Western Province
    • Star Mountains
      • Mount Fubilan
Stribrny, B., Wellmer, F.W., Burgath, K.P., Oberthür, T., Tarkian, M., Pfeiffer, T. (2000) Discussion of “Unconventional PGE occurrences and PGE mineralization in the Great Dyke: metallogenic and economic aspects” Mineralium Deposita 35, 260-281.
Philippines
 
  • Luzon
    • Cordillera Administrative Region
      • Benguet Province
        • Baguio District
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Tarkian, M., & Koopmann, G. (1995). Platinum-group minerals in the Santo Tomas II (Philex) porphyry copper-gold deposit, Luzon Island, Philippines. Mineralium Deposita, 30(1), 39-47.; Piestrzyński, A., Schmidt, S.Th., Franco, H. (1994): Pd-minerals in the Sto. Tomas II, porphyry copper deposit, Tuba Benguet, Philippines. Mineralogia Polonica: 25(2): 21-31
Poland
 
  • Podlaskie Voivodeship
    • Suwałki Co.
Nejbert K. 2008: Mineralogy of sulphides in mafic rocks of the Suwałki Anorthosite Massif, NE Poland. Mineralogia - Special Papers, vol. 32, p. 116
Russia
 
  • Chelyabinsk Oblast
    • Kartalinsky District
Plotinskaya, O. Y., Azovskova, O. B., Abramov, S. S., Groznova, E. O., Novoselov, K. A., Seltmann, R., & Spratt, J. (2018). Precious metals assemblages at the Mikheevskoe porphyry copper deposit (South Urals, Russia) as proxies of epithermal overprinting. Ore Geology Reviews, 94, 239-260.
  • Irkutsk Oblast
    • Uda–Biryusa district
Shvedov, G. I., & Barkov, A. Y. (2017). Primary and alteration assemblages of platinum-group minerals from the Ognit complex, Irkutskaya oblast, Eastern Sayans, Russia. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie-Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry, 194(1), 35-48.; Ognitite, NiBiTe, a new mineral species, and cobaltian maucherite from the Ognit ultramafic complex, Eastern Sayans, Russia (electronic preprint)
  • Kamchatka Krai
Sidorov, E. G., Ignatyev, E. K., & Chubarov, V. M. (2017, August). First find of platinum group metals in the ore of Kirganik copper–porphyry deposit (Kamchatka). In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 475, No. 2, pp. 883-886). Pleiades Publishing.
  • Khabarovsk Krai
    • Ayan-Maya district
      • Konder alkaline-ultrabasic massif (Konder placers; Konder mine; Kondyor)
Barkov, A.Y., Shvedov, G.I., Polonyankin, A.A., Martin, R.F. (2016): New and unusual Pd-Tl-bearing mineralization in the Anomal'nyi deposit, Kondyor concentrically zoned complex, northern Khabarovskiy kray, Russia. Mineralogical Magazine: 80: (in press); http://forum.amiminerals.it/viewtopic.php?f=5&t=12836 (2016)
  • Krasnoyarsk Krai
Alexander V. Dedeev et al (2002) The PGE-Bearing Sulphide Ores of the Kingash Mafic-Ultramafic Differentiated Intrusion and Ore Processing Characteristics, East Sajan, Russia. 9th annual platinum symposium
    • Taymyrskiy Autonomous Okrug
      • Kureika river
        • Dzheltul'skii massif (Dzhaltul)
Shvedov, G. I., & Barkov, A. Y. (2015). Oulankaite, a Pd-rich stannosulphotelluride, and associated platinum-group minerals from the Dzhaltul microgabbroic intrusion, Krasnoyarskiy kray, Russia. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie-Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry, 192(3), 229-237.
      • Taimyr Peninsula
        • Putoran Plateau
Econ Geol (1986) 81:1203-1212
            • Talnakh Cu-Ni Deposit
              • Oktyabrsky Mine (Oktyabr'skoe Cu-Ni deposit; Oktyabr'skoye; Oktyabr'sky)
2014 Ultramafic-mafic intrusions, volcanic rocks and PGE-Cu-Ni sulfide deposits of the Noril’sk Province, Polar Siberia . 12th International Platinum Symposium
  • Murmansk Oblast
Gabov, D. A. (2010). PGE and Au minerals from the low-sulfide ore of the Pana Tundra Pluton, Kola Peninsula. Geology of Ore Deposits, 52(7), 624-629.
33rd International Geological Congress (2008) session MPM-04 Platinum-group mineralogy: Platinum-group minerals in the PGE deposit of the Fedorovo-Pansky layered intrusion, Kola Peninsula
33rd International Geological Congress (2008) session MPM-04 Platinum-group mineralogy: Platinum-group minerals in the PGE deposit of the Fedorovo-Pansky layered intrusion, Kola Peninsula; Groshev, N.Y.; Rundkvist, T.V.; Karykowski, B.T.; Maier, W.D.; Korchagin, A.U.; Ivanov, A.N.; Junge, M. (2019) Low-Sulfide Platinum–Palladium Deposits of the Paleoproterozoic Fedorova–Pana Layered Complex, Kola Region, Russia. Minerals 9, 764.
Groshev, N.Y.; Rundkvist, T.V.; Karykowski, B.T.; Maier, W.D.; Korchagin, A.U.; Ivanov, A.N.; Junge, M. (2019) Low-Sulfide Platinum–Palladium Deposits of the Paleoproterozoic Fedorova–Pana Layered Complex, Kola Region, Russia. Minerals 9, 764.
Groshev, N.Y.; Rundkvist, T.V.; Karykowski, B.T.; Maier, W.D.; Korchagin, A.U.; Ivanov, A.N.; Junge, M. (2019) Low-Sulfide Platinum–Palladium Deposits of the Paleoproterozoic Fedorova–Pana Layered Complex, Kola Region, Russia. Minerals 9, 764.
33rd International Geological Congress (2008) session MPM-04 Platinum-group mineralogy: Platinum-group minerals in the PGE deposit of the Fedorovo-Pansky layered intrusion, Kola Peninsula
33rd International Geological Congress (2008) session MPM-04 Platinum-group mineralogy: Platinum-group minerals in the PGE deposit of the Fedorovo-Pansky layered intrusion, Kola Peninsula; Groshev, N.Y.; Rundkvist, T.V.; Karykowski, B.T.; Maier, W.D.; Korchagin, A.U.; Ivanov, A.N.; Junge, M. (2019) Low-Sulfide Platinum–Palladium Deposits of the Paleoproterozoic Fedorova–Pana Layered Complex, Kola Region, Russia. Minerals 9, 764.
http://www.duke.edu/~boudreau/9thPtSymposium/Grokhovskaya_Abstract.pdf
Grokhovskaya, T. L., Lapina, M. I., & Mokhov, A. V. (2009). Assemblages and genesis of platinum-group minerals in low-sulfide ores of the Monchetundra deposit, Kola peninsula, Russia. Geology of Ore Deposits, 51(6), 467-485.
Yury L. Voytekhovsky, Yury N. Neradovsky (2008) The Cu-Ni-PGE and Cr deposits of the Monchegorsk area, the Kola Peninsula, Russia. 33 IGC excursion No 48, August 15 – 21, 2008
      • Monchegorsk Cu-Ni Deposit
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
33 IGC excursion No 48, August 15 – 21, 2008
http://www4.geology.utoronto.ca/faculty/mungall/Website/igcp479northasia/dp803.html.
Chashchin, V. V., & Petrov, S. V. (2013). Low-sulfide PGE ore in the Volchetundra gabbro-anorthosite pluton, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Geology of Ore Deposits, 55(5), 357-382.
Abzalov, M.Z., and Both, R.A. (1997): Mineralogy and Petrology 61, 119-143.
Chashchin, V. V., & Petrov, S. V. (2013). Low-sulfide PGE ore in the Volchetundra gabbro-anorthosite pluton, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Geology of Ore Deposits, 55(5), 357-382.
  • Republic of Karelia
    • Kontupohja District
(2014) 12th International Platinum Symposium p63
    • Lake Onega
Grokhovskaya, T. L., Lapina, M. I., Ganin, V. A., & Grinevich, N. G. (2005). PGE mineralization in the Burakovsk Layered Complex, Southern Karelia, Russia. Geology of Ore Deposits C/C of Geologiia Rudnykh Mestorozhdenii, 47(4), 283.
Grishaenko, M. V. P., & Federation, R. (2007). Independent Report on the Shalozerskoe (Burakovsky), Lukkulaisvaara and Tsipringa Platinum, Palladium, Copper, Nickel Deposits in the Autonomous Republic of Karelia Russian Federation
    • Louhi District
      • Oulanka plutonic complex
        • Olanga River (Oulanka River)
Grishaenko, M. V. P., & Federation, R. (2007). Independent Report on the Shalozerskoe (Burakovsky), Lukkulaisvaara and Tsipringa Platinum, Palladium, Copper, Nickel Deposits in the Autonomous Republic of Karelia Russian Federation
Can Min (2002) 40, (2), 679-692; Mineralogical Magazine 1996 60 : 973-978.
    • Northern Karelia
Lavrov, O. B., & Kuleshevich, L. V. (2017). Platinoids in the Kaalamo Differentiated Massif in the Northern Ladoga Region, Karelia, Russia. Geology of Ore Deposits, 59(7), 632-641.; Лавров, О. Б. (2013). Благороднометальная минерализация Cu-S руд Кааламского массива. In Золото Фенноскандинавского щита. Материалы межд. конф. Петрозаводск (p. 112).
  • Tuva
    • Todzhinsky District
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
  • Zabaykalsky Krai
    • Chiney massif
Seltmann, R., Soloviev, S., Shatov, V., Pirajno, F., Naumov, E., & Cherkasov, S. (2010). Metallogeny of Siberia: tectonic, geologic and metallogenic settings of selected significant deposits*. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 57(6), 655-706
Serbia
 
  • Central Serbia
    • Bor District
Stribrny, B., Wellmer, F.-W., Burgath, K.-P., Oberthür, T., Tarkian, M., and Pfeiffer, T. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 260-281.
South Africa
 
  • Limpopo
    • Burgersfort
Minerals of South Africa
      • Sekhukhuneland
Minerals of South Africa
    • Capricorn District
Manyeruke, T. D. (2007). Compositional and lithological variation of the Platreef on the farm Nonnenwerth, northern lobe of the Bushveld Complex: Implications for the origin of Platinum-group elements (PGE) mineralization (Doctoral dissertation, University of Pretoria).
    • Waterberg District
      • Mogalakwena
Hutchinson, D., & Kinnaird, J. A. (2005). Complex multistage genesis for the Ni–Cu–PGE mineralisation in the southern region of the Platreef, Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Applied Earth Science, 114(4), 208-224.
Ramakoloi N, Viljoen F (2014) Mineral chemistry of PGE-bismuthotellurides in the Platreef, Akanani Prospect, Lonmin plcl. 21 st meeting of the International Mineralogical Association. p 106; Viljoen, F., Ramakoloi, N., Rose, D., & Reinke, C. (2015). Mineral Chemistry of (Pt, Pd)-Bismuthotelluride Minerals In the Platreef At Zwartfontein, Akanani Project, Northern Bushveld Complex, South Africa. The Canadian Mineralogist, 53(6), 1109-1127.
Minerals of South Africa
Holwell, D. A., McDonald, I., & Armitage, P. E. B. (2006). Platinum-group mineral assemblages in the Platreef at the Sandsloot Mine, northern Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Mineralogical Magazine, 70(1), 83-101.; HOLWELL D.A., MCDONALD I. & ARMITAGE, P.E.B. (2006). Platinum-group mineral assemblages in the Platreef at the South Central Pit, Sandsloot Mine, northern Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Mineralogical Magazine, 70, 83-101.
Manyeruke, T. D. (2007). Compositional and lithological variation of the Platreef on the farm Nonnenwerth, northern lobe of the Bushveld Complex: Implications for the origin of Platinum-group elements (PGE) mineralization (Doctoral dissertation, University of Pretoria).
Hutchinson, D., & Kinnaird, J. A. (2005). Complex multistage genesis for the Ni–Cu–PGE mineralisation in the southern region of the Platreef, Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Applied Earth Science, 114(4), 208-224.
Minerals of South Africa
  • Mpumalanga
    • Nkangala District
      • Waterval
http://www.minsoc.org.za/pubs/BaseMetals2003.pdf
H.F.J. Theart and C.D. de Nooy (2001) The Platinum Group Minerals in two parts of the Massive Sulphide Body of the Uitkomst Complex, Mpumalanga, South Africa. SOUTH AFRICAN JOURNAL OF GEOLOGY, VOLUME 104, PAGE 287-300
  • North West
    • Bojanala Platinum District
http://rruff.geo.arizona.edu/doclib/hom/merenskyite.pdf Cairncross, B. (2002). Merenskyite, type-mineral from the Bushveld Complex. Rocks & Minerals – Special Issue on “Minerals of Africa”, Vol. 77, 48-50.
      • Rustenburg (Rustenburg District)
Minerals of South Africa
Minerals of South Africa
Minerals of South Africa
Minerals of South Africa
Spain
 
  • Extremadura
    • Badajoz
      • Monesterio
Suárez, S. et al. (2010): Mineralium Deposita 45, 331-350. ; R. Piña, F. Gervilla, L. Ortega, R. Lunar (2008): Mineralogy and geochemistry of platinum-group elements in the Aguablanca Ni-Cu deposit (SW Spain). Mineralogy and Petrology 92, 259-282.; R. Piña, F. Gervilla, S.-J. Barnes, L. Ortega, R. Lunar (2012): Distribution of platinum-group and chalcophile elements in the Aguablanca Ni–Cu sulfide deposit (SW Spain): Evidence from a LA-ICP-MS study. Chemical Geology 302-303, 61-75.; Ortega, L., Lunar, r., García-Palomero, F., Moreno, T., Martín-Estévez, J.R., Prichard, H.M., Fisher, P.C. (2004): The Aguablanca Ni-Cu-PGE deposit, Southwestern Iberia: magmatic ore-forming processes and retrograde evolution. Can. Mineral.: 42(2): 325-350
Sweden
 
  • Jämtland County
    • Härjedalen
      • Berg
        • Storsjö
  • Norrbotten County
    • Kiruna
      • Vittangi
No reference listed
UK
 
  • Scotland
    • Dumfries and Galloway
      • Newton Stewart
MinMag 68(2):395-411
    • Highland
      • Isle of Rum
Power, M.R., Pirrie, D., Andersen, J.C.O., and Butcher, A.R. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 762-775.
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0169136816303559
USA
 
  • Colorado
    • La Plata Co.
      • La Plata Mining District (California Mining District)
        • La Plata
Summerlin, E. (2014). PGE mineralization at the Allard stock: Implications for the porphyry to epithermal transition, La Plata Mountains, Colorado (Auburn University MS thesis).
  • Montana
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 17, pp. 589-594 (1979)
    • Sweet Grass Co.
Andersen, A. K., Zientek, M. L. and Parks, H. L.(2018) Base-metal and PGE Distribution in the Iron Mountain Area of the Stillwater Complex, Montana. Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs. Vol. 50, No. 6
  • Nevada
    • Clark Co.
      • Virgin Mountains
        • Bunkerville Mining District
          • Whitney Pocket Basin
Rocks & Minerals, Nov. 1999.
  • Wyoming
    • Albany Co.
      • Lake Owen Complex
5th International Platinum Symposium Bulletin of The Geological Society of Finland Number 61, Part 1,1989,1-64
      • New Rambler Mining District
R.R. Loucks, M.E. McCallum (1980) Platinum-group minerals in the New Rambler copper-nickel deposit, Wyoming: A preliminary report. ft Sulphosalts, Platinum Minerals and Ore Microscopy, 200-218. Proc. XI IMA Meet., Novosibirsk.(Am Min 74:1217); Econ Geol (1988) 83:492-510
Zimbabwe
 
  • Masvingo
    • Chiredzi mining district (Hartley mining district)
      • Chiredzi
Chusi Li, Ripley, E.M., Oberthür, T., Miller, Jr., J.D., and Joslin, G.D. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 97-110.; Economic Geology (1990) 85:556-584; Allan H. Wilson and Martin D. Prendergast (2001) Platinum-Group Element Mineralisation in the Great Dyke, Zimbabwe, and its Relationship to Magma Evolution and Magma Chamber Structure. South African Journal of Geology, 104:319-342; Oberthür, T., Weiser, T. W., Gast, L., & Kojonen, K. (2003). Geochemistry and mineralogy of platinum-group elements at Hartley Platinum Mine, Zimbabwe. Mineralium Deposita, 38(3), 327-343.
  • Midlands
    • Zvishavane District
      • Zvishavane (Shabani; Shabanie; Shavani)
Allan H. Wilson and Martin D. Prendergast (2001) Platinum-Group Element Mineralisation in the Great Dyke, Zimbabwe, and its Relationship to Magma Evolution and Magma Chamber Structure. South African Journal of Geology, 104:319-342; Nashwa, Velaphi Moses. "The flotation of high talc-containing ore from the Great Dyke of Zimbabwe." (2008). MS Thesis
 
Mineral and/or Locality  
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