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Merlinoite

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About MerlinoiteHide

Formula:
(K,Na)5(Ca,Ba)2Al9Si23O64 · 23H2O
Hardness:
Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Member of:
Name:
Named in 1977 by Elio Passaglia, D. Pongiluppi, R. Rinaldi in honor of Stefano Merlino (1938 - ), Professor of crystallography, University of Pisa, Italy.

Classification of MerlinoiteHide

Approved
9.GC.15

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
G : Tektosilicates with zeolitic H2O; zeolite family
C : Chains of doubly-connected 4-membered rings
77.1.3.11

77 : TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
1 : Zeolite group - True zeolites
16.12.14

16 : Silicates Containing Aluminum and other Metals
12 : Aluminosilicates of Sr, Ba and Zn

Physical Properties of MerlinoiteHide

Hardness:
4½ on Mohs scale

Optical Data of MerlinoiteHide

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.499 nβ = 1.500 nγ = 1.501
2V:
Measured: 56° , Calculated: 88°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.002
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Low
Dispersion:
r > v

Chemical Properties of MerlinoiteHide

Formula:
(K,Na)5(Ca,Ba)2Al9Si23O64 · 23H2O
IMA Formula:
K5Ca2(Si23Al9)O64 · 24H2O
Common Impurities:
Fe

Crystallography of MerlinoiteHide

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Cell Parameters:
a = 14.11 Å, b = 14.22 Å, c = 9.94 Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.992 : 1 : 0.699
Unit Cell V:
1,994.40 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Type Occurrence of MerlinoiteHide

Other Language Names for MerlinoiteHide

Relationship of Merlinoite to other SpeciesHide

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
AlflarseniteNaCa2Be3Si4O13(OH) · 2H2OMon. 2 : P21
AmiciteK2Na2Al4Si4O16 · 5H2OMon. 2
Ammonioleucite(NH4,K)(AlSi2O6)Tet.
AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2OTric. 1 : P1
Bellbergite(K,Ba,Sr)2Sr2Ca2(Ca,Na)4[Al3Si3O12]6 · 30H2OHex.
BikitaiteLiAlSi2O6 · H2OTric. 1 : P1
BoggsiteCa8Na3(Si,Al)96O192 · 70H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Imma
Brewsterite-Ba(Ba,Sr)[Al2Si6O16] · 5H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
Brewsterite-Sr(Sr,Ba,Ca)[Al2Si6O16] · 5H2O
Chabazite-Levyne SubgroupA subgroup of the Zeolite Group.
ChiavenniteCaMnBe2Si5O13(OH)2 · 2H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
ClinoptiloliteNote on the distinguishing differences between clinoptilolite and heulandite (hhttp://rruff.
CowlesiteCaAl2Si3O10 · 6H2OOrth.
Dachiardite-Ca(Ca,Na2,K2)5Al10Si38O96 · 25H2OMon.
Dachiardite-KK4(Si20Al4O48)·13H2OMon.
Dachiardite-Na(Na2,Ca,K2)5Al10Si38O96 · 25H2OMon.
DirenzoiteNaK6MgCa2(Al13Si47O120) · 36H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmn
EdingtoniteBa[Al2Si3O10] · 4H2O
EpistilbiteCaAl2Si6O16 · 5H2OMon.
ErioniteThis name now refers to a group of related minerals.
Faujasite
Faujasite-Ca(Ca,Na2,Mg)3.5[Al7Si17O48] · 32H2OIso.
FerrieriteZeolite Group.
FerrochiavenniteCa1-2Fe[(Si,Al,Be)5Be2O13(OH)2] · 2H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
Flörkeite(K3Ca2Na)[Al8Si8O32] · 12H2OTric. 1 : P1
Garronite-CaNa2Ca5Al12Si20O64 · 27H2OTet. 4 2m : I4m2
GaultiteNa4Zn2Si7O18 · 5H2OOrth. mm2 : Fdd2
Gismondine-BaBa2Al4Si4O16 · 4-6H2O
Gismondine-CaCaAl2Si2O8 · 4H2O
GmeliniteIn 1997, gmelinite was split into Gmelinite-Ca, Gmelinite-Na and Gmelinite-K.
GobbinsiteNa5(Si11Al5)O32 · 11H2OOrth.
GoosecreekiteCa[Al2Si6O16] · 5H2OMon.
GottardiiteNa3Mg3Ca5Al19Si117O272 · 93H2OOrth.
Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
Heulandite subgroupNote on the distinguishing differences between heulandite and clinoptilolite (http://rruff.
HsianghualiteCa3Li2(Be3Si3O12)F2
KirchhoffiteCs(BSi2O6)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/acd
LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
LovdariteK2Na6Be4Si14O36 · 9H2OOrth. mm2
MaricopaitePb7Ca2(Si,Al)48O100 · 32H2OOrth.
Mazzite-Mg(Mg,K,Ca)5(Si26Al10)O72 · 28H2OHex.
Mazzite-NaNa8[Al4Si14O36]2 · 30H2OHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
Montesommaite(K,Na)9Al9Si23O64 · 10H2OOrth.
Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)Al2Si10O24 · 7H2OOrth.
MutinaiteNa3Ca4Si85Al11O192 · 60H2OOrth.
NabesiteNa2BeSi4O10 · 4H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
Natrolite SubgroupA subgroup of the Zeolite Group.
OffretiteKCaMg(Si13Al5)O36 · 15H2OHex. 6 m2 : P6m2
PahasapaiteLi8(Ca,Li,K)10.5Be24(PO4)24 · 38H2OIso. 2 3 : I2 3
ParthéiteCa2(Si4Al4) O15 (OH)2•4H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
Paulingite-Ca(Ca,K,Na,Ba,◻)10 (Si, Al)42O84•34H2OIso.
Paulingite-K(K2,Ca,Na2,Ba)5[Al10Si35O90] · 45H2OIso.
Paulingite-Na(Na2,K2,Ca,Ba)5[Al10Si35O90] · 45H2OIso.
PerlialiteK9Na(Ca,Sr)[Al2Si4O12]6 · 15H2OHex.
PhillipsiteZeolite Group.
Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2OIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
RoggianiteCa2Be(OH)2Al2Si4O13 · 2.5H2OTet.
Stilbite subgroupThis name now refers to the zeolite subgroup including the Barrerite - Stilbite-Ca - ...
Terranovaite(Na,Ca)8(Si68Al12)O160 · 29H2OOrth.
Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
Thomsonite-SrNa(Sr,Ca)2[Al5Si5O20] · 7H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
Tschernichite(Ca,Na2)[Al2Si4O12] · 4-8H2OTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/mmm
TschörtneriteCa4(Ca,Sr,K,Ba)3Cu3[(OH)2|Al3Si3O12]4 · nH2OIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
WairakiteCa(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2OMon. 2/m
WeinebeneiteCaBe3(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2OMon.
Wenkite(Ba,K)4(Ca,Na)6[(SO4)3|(Si,Al)20O39(OH)2] · 0.5H2OHex.
WillhendersoniteKCa[Al3Si3O12] · 5H2OTric.
YugawaraliteCaAl2Si6O16 · 4H2OMon.

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Montesommaite4 photos of Merlinoite associated with Montesommaite on mindat.org.
Baryte3 photos of Merlinoite associated with Baryte on mindat.org.
Phillipsite1 photo of Merlinoite associated with Phillipsite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.GC.05AmiciteK2Na2Al4Si4O16 · 5H2OMon. 2
9.GC.05Garronite-CaNa2Ca5Al12Si20O64 · 27H2OTet. 4 2m : I4m2
9.GC.05Gismondine-CaCaAl2Si2O8 · 4H2O
9.GC.05GobbinsiteNa5(Si11Al5)O32 · 11H2OOrth.
9.GC.10Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
9.GC.10Phillipsite-Ca(Ca0.5,K,Na,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32 . 12H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
9.GC.10Phillipsite-K(K,Na,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
9.GC.10Phillipsite-Na(Na,K,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] · 12H2OMon.
9.GC.10Flörkeite(K3Ca2Na)[Al8Si8O32] · 12H2OTric. 1 : P1
9.GC.20Mazzite-Mg(Mg,K,Ca)5(Si26Al10)O72 · 28H2OHex.
9.GC.20Mazzite-NaNa8[Al4Si14O36]2 · 30H2OHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
9.GC.25PerlialiteK9Na(Ca,Sr)[Al2Si4O12]6 · 15H2OHex.
9.GC.30BoggsiteCa8Na3(Si,Al)96O192 · 70H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Imma
9.GC.35Paulingite-Ca(Ca,K,Na,Ba,◻)10 (Si, Al)42O84•34H2OIso.
9.GC.35Paulingite-K(K2,Ca,Na2,Ba)5[Al10Si35O90] · 45H2OIso.

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

77.1.3.1GismondineMon.
77.1.3.2AmiciteK2Na2Al4Si4O16 · 5H2OMon. 2
77.1.3.3Garronite-CaNa2Ca5Al12Si20O64 · 27H2OTet. 4 2m : I4m2
77.1.3.4GobbinsiteNa5(Si11Al5)O32 · 11H2OOrth.
77.1.3.5Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
77.1.3.8PerlialiteK9Na(Ca,Sr)[Al2Si4O12]6 · 15H2OHex.
77.1.3.9Paulingite
77.1.3.10Mazzite
77.1.3.12Montesommaite(K,Na)9Al9Si23O64 · 10H2OOrth.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

16.12.1StronalsiteNa2SrAl4Si4O16Orth.
16.12.2SlawsoniteSr(Al2Si2O8)Mon.
16.12.3BrewsteriteMon.
16.12.4CelsianBa(Al2Si2O8)Mon. 2/m
16.12.5ParacelsianBa(Al2Si2O8)Mon.
16.12.6CymriteBaAl2Si2(O,OH)8 · H2OMon.
16.12.7EdingtoniteBa[Al2Si3O10] · 4H2O
16.12.8BanalsiteNa2BaAl4Si4O16Orth.
16.12.9Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
16.12.10Hyalophane(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]Mon.
16.12.11BalipholiteBaLiMg2Al3(Si2O6)2(OH)4Orth.
16.12.12ArmeniteBaCa2Al6Si9O30 · 2H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnna
16.12.13Wellsite(K,Ba,Ca,K2)Al2Si6O16 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
16.12.15Anandite(Ba,K)(Fe2+,Mg)3((Si,Al,Fe)4O10)(S,OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
16.12.16Fraipontite(Zn,Al)3((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4Mon.
16.12.17SauconiteNa0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2OMon.
16.12.18Minehillite(K,Na)2-3Ca28Zn4Al4Si40O112(OH)16Hex.
16.12.19HendricksiteK(Zn,Mg,Mn2+)3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
16.12.20Baileychlore(Zn,Fe2+,Al,Mg)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8Tric.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for MerlinoiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
*The 1998 and 2000 were in our list before, but I can't find anything meaningful when I search for them. And they were not in the RRUFF list. I think they should be removed.
**There are several papers on producting synthethic merlinoite, but I did not include them.
Passaglia, E., Pongiluppi, D., Rinaldi, R. (1977) Merlinoite, a new mineral of the zeolite group. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte: 355-364.
Fleischer, M., Cabri, L.J. (1978) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 63: 598-600.
Galli, E., Gottardi, G., Pongiluppi, D. (1979) The crystal structure of the zeolite merlinoite. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte: 1-9.
Khomyakov, A.P., Kurova, T.A., Muravitskaya, G.N. (1981) Merlinoite (K,Ba)2Al3Si5O16-5H2O, first occurrence in the USSR. Doklady Acad. Nauk SSSR: 256: 172-174. (in Russian)
(1981) Chem Abs: 94: 106675. (abstract for above)
Baturin, S.V., Malinovskii, Yu.A., Bunova, I.B. (1985) Crystal structure of silica-​poor merlinoite from the Kola Peninsula. Mineralogicheskii Zhurnal: 7(6): 67-74. (in Russian).
Della Ventura, G., Parodi, G.C., Burragato, F., Mottana, A. (1993) Nuovi dati sulla merlinoite e su zeoliti affini. Rendiconti Lincei: 4: 303-313.
Coombs, D.S., Alberti, A., Armbruster, T., Artioli, G., Colella, C., Galli, E., Grice, J.D., Liebau, F., Mandarino, J.A., Minato, H., Nickel, E.H., Passaglia, E., Peacor, D.R., Quartieri, S., Rinaldi, R., Ross, M., Sheppard, R.A., Tillmanns, E., Vezzalini, G. (1997) Recommended nomenclature for zeolite minerals: report of the Subcommittee on Zeolites of the International Mineralogical Association, Commission on New Minerals and Mineral Names. The Canadian Mineralogist: 35: 1571-1606.
Pakhomova, A.S., Armbruster, T., Krivovichev, S.V., Yakovenchuk, V.N. (2014) Dehydration of the zeolite merlinoite from the Khibiny massif, Russia: an in situ temperature-dependent single-crystal X-ray study. European Journal of Mineralogy: 26: 371-380.
Danisi, R.M., Armbruster, T., Nagashima, M. (2015) Structural intergrowth of merlinoite/phillipsite and its temperature-dependent dehydration behaviour: a single-crystal X-ray study. Mineralogical Magazine: 79: 191-203.
Gatta, G.D., Rotiroti, N., Bersani, D., Bellatreccia, F., Ventura. G.D., Rizzato, S. (2015) A multi-methodological study of the (K,Ca)-variety of the zeolite merlinoite. Mineralogical Magazine: 79: 1755-1767.

Internet Links for MerlinoiteHide

Localities for MerlinoiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
France
 
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Haute-Loire
      • Saint-Julien-Chapteuil
        • Saint-Pierre-Eynac
Galli E, Gualtieri AF (2008) Direnzoite, [NaK6MgCa2(Al13Si47O120)·36H2O], a new zeolite from Massif Central (France): Description and crystal structure. American Mineralogist 93: 95–102
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Hegau
      • Immendingen
Tschernich, R. (1992), Zeolites of the World, p.42
  • Bavaria
    • Franconia
      • Maroldsweisach
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
  • Hesse
    • Vogelsberg
      • Ortenberg
Iceland
 
  • Northeastern Region
    • Tjörnes
SCHNORRER-KÖHLER, G. (1990): Merlinoit - ein neues Zeolithmineral von der Halbinsel Tjörnes, N-Island.- Der Aufschluss, 41 (H. 5), S. 295-298
Italy
 
  • Campania
    • Naples Province
      • Somma-Vesuvius Complex
        • Monte Somma
          • Ercolano
            • San Vito
Elmar Lackner collection
          • Pollena - Trocchia area
Collection of Alex Earl
          • Sant'Anastasia
Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI
Badham, M. (1997): Merohedral twinning in the zeolite Phillipsite and the formation of Merlonite domains, Thesis, Department of Geological Sciences, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada
        • Mt Vesuvius
          • Terzigno
Chinellato Matteo
  • Latium
    • Rieti Province
      • Rieti
        • Santa Rufina
Passaglia, E., Pongiluppi, D., Rinaldi, R. (1977): Merlinoite, a new mineral of the zeolite group, Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte, 1977, 355-364.
    • Rome Province
      • Sacrofano Caldera
        • Magliano Romano
Giancarlo Della Ventura, Gian Carlo Parodi, Francesco Burragato, and A. Mottana (1993): Nuovi dati sulla merlinoite e su zeoliti affini. Rendiconti Lincei 4, 303-313.
        • Sacrofano
Russia
 
  • Northern Region
    • Murmanskaya Oblast'
      • Khibiny Massif
PEKOV, I.V. & NIKOLAEV, A.P. (2013) Minerals of the pegmatites and hydrothermal assemblages of the Koashva deposit (Khibiny, Kola Peninsula, Russia). Mineralogical Almanac 189(2), 7-65.
Pekov, I.V. & Podlesnyi, A.S. (2004): Kukisvumchorr Deposit: Mineralogy of Alkaline Pegmatites and Hydrotermalites. Mineralogical Almanac, vol. 7, 140 pages + xxiv photo's pages
Spain
 
  • Canary Islands
    • Las Palmas Province
      • Lanzarote
        • Haría
Strasser, A., Kirchner, E., (2006): Minerale aus einem Alkali-Basalt-Differentiat vom Risco Famara, Lanzarote, Kanarische Inseln, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 57, 335-338
USA
 
  • California
    • San Bernardino Co.
Tschernich, 1992. Zeolites of the World, p.315
Mineral and/or Locality  
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