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Manganese Oxides

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About Manganese OxidesHide

A review on these minerals has been published by Post (1999).

Synonyms of Manganese OxidesHide

Other Language Names for Manganese OxidesHide

Simplified Chinese:氧化锰矿物
Traditional Chinese:氧化錳礦物

Varieties of Manganese OxidesHide

Manganese DendritesBlack dendritic films of various visually indistinguishable black manganese oxides, may consist of birnessite, coronadite, cryptomelane, hollandite, romanèchite, todorokite or other species. Many manganese minerals have similar strong X-ray poweder diffr...

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Quartz55 photos of Manganese Oxides associated with Quartz on mindat.org.
Vanadinite39 photos of Manganese Oxides associated with Vanadinite on mindat.org.
Calcite36 photos of Manganese Oxides associated with Calcite on mindat.org.
Wulfenite19 photos of Manganese Oxides associated with Wulfenite on mindat.org.
Malachite17 photos of Manganese Oxides associated with Malachite on mindat.org.
Rhodochrosite14 photos of Manganese Oxides associated with Rhodochrosite on mindat.org.
Campylite13 photos of Manganese Oxides associated with Campylite on mindat.org.
Goethite12 photos of Manganese Oxides associated with Goethite on mindat.org.
Hematite11 photos of Manganese Oxides associated with Hematite on mindat.org.
Chrysocolla11 photos of Manganese Oxides associated with Chrysocolla on mindat.org.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Manganese OxidesHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Feng, Q., Kanoh, H., and Ooi, K. (1999) Manganese oxide porous crystals. Journal of Materials Chemistry, 9, 319-333.
Post, J.E. (1999) Manganese oxide minerals: crystal structures and economic and environmental significance. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 96, 3447-3454.

Internet Links for Manganese OxidesHide

Significant localities for Manganese OxidesHide

Showing 37 significant localities out of 12,285 recorded on mindat.org.

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • Jujuy
    • Susques department
[Psilomelane] Raúl Jorge Tauber Larry
  • Tasmania
    • Burnie City
      • Hampshire district
        • Kara Mines
[Ranciéite] Bottrill (unpub)
  • Western Australia
    • East Pilbara Shire
      • Weeli Wolli Creek Area
        • Mining Area C (Northern Flank; Packsaddle)
[Pyrolusite] J M Bennett Collection
  • Lower Austria
    • Waldviertel
      • Raxendorf
        • Pfaffenhof
          • Pölla
[Todorokite] NIEDERMAYR, Gerhard & POSTL, Walter (1992a): 876. Todorokit aus einem Graphitvorkommen von Pfaffenhof bei Raxendorf, Niederösterreich.- In: NIEDERMAYR, Gerhard et al.: Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich XIL, Carinthia II, 182/102, Teil 1, 138, Klagenfurt.
  • Mato Grosso do Sul
    • Corumbá
[Cryptomelane] Federico Ahlfeld and Alejandro Schneider-Scherbina (1964) Los Yacimientos Minerales y de Hidrocarburos de Bolivia. (Ministerio de Minas y Petroleo, La Paz)
  • Nova Scotia
    • Hants Co.
[Pyrolusite] Steve Sorrell Collection; Sir John William Dawson (1891) The geology of Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island: or Arcadian Geology 4th ed. MacMillan Edinburgh
  • Bourgogne-Franche-Comté
    • Saône-et-Loire
      • La Chapelle-de-Guinchay
        • Romanèche-Thorens
[Romanèchite] Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 954; Lapis (1989): 1: 6.
  • Occitanie
    • Ariège
      • Vicdessos
        • Sem
[Ranciéite] [American Mineralogist, 54, 1741-1742 (1969); MinRec 9:133]
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Triberg
        • Gremmelsbach
[Pyrolusite] No reference listed
  • Lower Saxony
    • Peine
  • Thuringia
    • Harz
      • Nordhausen
        • Ilfeld
[Manganite] No reference listed
    • Thuringian Forest
      • Ilmenau District
        • Langewiesen
[Hausmannite] HAUSMANN, J.F.L. (1813): Blättricher Schwarz-Braunstein.- Handbuch der Mineralogie, Vol. 1, p. 293. Göttingen
  • Madhya Pradesh
    • Jabalpur Division
      • Chhindwara District (Chindawara District; Chindwara District)
[Hollandite] Roy, S., and Purkait, P.K. (1968): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 20, 86-114; Biagioni, C., Capalbo, C., Pasero, M. (2013): Nomenclature tunings in the hollandite supergroup. European Journal of Mineralogy 25, 85-90.
  • Emilia-Romagna
    • Parma Province
      • Taro Valley
        • Ceno Valley
          • Varsi
[Todorokite] Adorni F., Battilocchi G., Bersani D., Bo S., Calderini V. (2005) - Rocca Predellara e La Pianazza, Varsi, Appennino Parmense - Mineral Parma, Anno IV, n.1, 5-8.
  • Sicily
    • Enna Province
      • Pietraperzia
Gaetano Sicurella collection (2006)
  • Hokkaidō
    • Shiribeshi Province
      • Yoichi
[Todorokite] Introduction to Japanese Minerals (Geological Survey of Japan, 1970)
  • Otjozondjupa Region
    • Grootfontein District
      • Kombat
[Coronadite] XRD confirmed by Maria Atanasova , Council of Geoscience, Pretoria
  • Setúbal
    • Santiago do Cacém
      • Cercal
[Pyrolusite] Rui Nunes' collection
  • Bashkortostan
[Vernadite] Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
  • Chelyabinsk Oblast
    • Kusinskii raion
      • Magnitka
[Akhtenskite] [Clark, 1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index, 3rd Edition"]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
South Africa
  • Northern Cape
    • Kalahari manganese field
[Todorokite] Von Bezing, K. L. et al. (1991) The Kalahari manganese field: An Update, Mineralogical Record 22(4) 279-302; Cairncross, B., and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa, Linden 2014, RSA, pg 249
  • Värmland
    • Filipstad
      • Persberg district
        • Pajsberg
[Pyrochroite] [Am Min 50 (1965), 1296; MinRec 1:165]
  • Scotland
    • Aberdeenshire
      • Ellon
[Birnessite] Jones, L.H.P., Milne, A.A. (1956) Birnessite, a new manganese oxide mineral from Aberdeenshire, Scotland. Mineralogical Magazine: 31: 283-288. Embrey, P.G. (1978) Fourth supplementary list of British minerals. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 42, n° 322, 169-177.
  • Kirovohrad Oblast
    • Haivoron district
[Groutite] Dominik Schlaefli - collection
  • Arizona
    • Cochise Co.
      • Tombstone Hills
        • Tombstone District
[Cryptomelane] Richmond, W.E. & M. Fleischer (1942), Cryptomelane, a new name for the commonest of the 'psilomelane' minerals, American Mineralogist: 27: 607-610.
    • Greenlee Co.
      • Shannon Mts
        • Copper Mountain District (Clifton-Morenci District)
          • Copper Plate Gulch
            • Coronado vein
              • Coronado Mine (Coronado Mining Co. property; Arizona Copper Co. group [in part])
[Coronadite] AmMin.: 27 (1942): 48; AmMin.: 74 (1989): 913; Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3 (1997).
  • Connecticut
    • Litchfield Co.
      • Salisbury
        • Salisbury District
[Pyrolusite] Schairer, J. F. (1931), The Minerals of Connecticut. State Geological and Natural History Survey Bulletin 51. Former Miller collection.
  • Maine
    • Oxford Co.
      • Albany
[Todorokite] King, V. T., 2009, Maine Feldspar, Families, and Feuds.
  • Maryland
    • Carroll Co.
      • Medford
[Todorokite] Mr. Fred Parker, Columbia, MD.
  • Minnesota
    • Crow Wing Co.
      • Cuyuna North Range
        • Ironton
[Groutite] American Mineralogist (1947): 32: 654-659.
[Groutite] Amer.Min.(1945) 30, 169
  • Nevada
    • White Pine Co.
      • White Pine District
        • Silver Belt
          • Treasure Hill
            • Summit area
[Aurorite] NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • New Jersey
    • Sussex Co.
      • Franklin mining district
        • Franklin
[Feitknechtite] Frondel, C.: Am. Min.:38:761-769 (1953); Wadsley, A.D.: Am. Min.:40:349-353 (1955); Dunn(1995):Pt4:591-592.
        • Ogdensburg
          • Sterling Hill
[Wad] Palche et al. (1944) Dans's System of Mineralogy, v. 1.
  • New Mexico
    • Sierra Co.
[Ramsdellite] Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd Rev. Ed., 1996
  • Vermont
    • Bennington Co.
[Romanèchite] Matthew Lambert
Mineral and/or Locality  
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