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Metavoltine

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Formula:
Na6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
System:
Trigonal
Colour:
Yellowish brown, ...
Lustre:
Resinous
Hardness:
Name:
From the Greek μετά = "with" and voltaite, in allusion to the species' original association with voltaite.
Unique combination of elements. Belongs to a small group of ferrous-ferric sulfate minerals, that also contains bílinite, copiapite, römerite (purely Fe minerals), pertlikite and voltaite.

Structurally related to carlsonite.


Classification of Metavoltine

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
7.DF.35

7 : SULFATES (selenates, tellurates, chromates, molybdates, wolframates)
D : Sulfates (selenates, etc.) with additional anions, with H2O
F : With large and medium-sized cations
29.4.6.1

29 : HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
4 : AmBn(XO4)p·xH2O, with (m+n):p < 3:2 and > 1:1
25.11.12

25 : Sulphates
11 : Sulphates of Fe and other metals

Physical Properties of Metavoltine

Resinous
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Translucent
Colour:
Yellowish brown, orange-brown, greenish brown
Hardness (Mohs):
Cleavage:
Perfect
Perfect on {0001}.
Density:
2.51 g/cm3 (Measured)    2.435 g/cm3 (Calculated)
Comment:
Drensity of synthetic material 2.396.

Optical Data of Metavoltine

Type:
Uniaxial (-)
RI values:
nω = 1.588 - 1.595 nε = 1.573 - 1.581
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.015
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Pleochroism:
Visible
Comments:
Dichroic:

La Compania material:
O = Dark yellow, E = pale yellow

Chuquicamata material:
O = Brown. E = Light greenish yellow

Chilean material (not specified):
O = Dark yellow, E = Light yellow

Peruvian material (not specified):
O = Deep or

Chemical Properties of Metavoltine

Formula:
Na6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
IMA Formula:
K2Na6Fe2+Fe63+O2(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Elements listed in formula:

Crystallography of Metavoltine

Crystal System:
Trigonal
Cell Parameters:
a = 9.575(5) Å, c = 18.17(1) Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 1.898
Unit Cell Volume:
V 1,442.66 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
1
Morphology:
Crystals tabular {0001} with a hexagonal outline. Commonly tiny. As granular or scaly aggregates.
Comment:
May be 3 or _3
X-Ray Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
18.28 (33)
9.12 (100)
3.300 (37)
3.087 (23)
2.899 (30)
2.375 (23)
2.002 (37)

Occurrences of Metavoltine

Type Occurrence of Metavoltine

Empirical Formula:
Na6K2Fe2+Fe63+(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O

Relationship of Metavoltine to other Species

7.DF.05UklonskoviteNaMg(SO4)F · 2H2O
7.DF.10KainiteKMg(SO4)Cl · 3H2O
7.DF.15NatrochalciteNaCu2(SO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
7.DF.20MetasideronatriteNa2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · H2O
7.DF.20SideronatriteNa2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · 3H2O
7.DF.25DespujolsiteCa3Mn4+(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
7.DF.25FleischeritePb3Ge(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
7.DF.25SchaurteiteCa3Ge(SO4)2(OH)6 · 4H2O
7.DF.25MallestigitePb3Sb5+(SO4)(AsO4)(OH)6 · 3H2O
7.DF.30Slavíkite(H3O+)3Mg6Fe15(SO4)21(OH)18 · 98H2O
7.DF.40LannoniteMg2Ca4Al4(SO4)8F8 · 24H2O
7.DF.40VlodavetsiteAlCa2(SO4)2F2Cl · 4H2O
7.DF.45PeretaiteCa(SbO)4(SO4)2(OH)2 · 2H2O
7.DF.50GordaiteNaZn4(SO4)(OH)6Cl · 6H2O
7.DF.55Clairite(NH4)2Fe3(SO4)4(OH)3 · 3H2O
7.DF.60ArzruniteCu4Pb2(SO4)(OH)4Cl6 · 2H2O (?)
7.DF.65ElyitePb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
7.DF.70YecoraiteFe33+Bi5(Te6+O4)2(Te4+O3)O9 · 9H2O
7.DF.75RiomarinaiteBi(SO4)(OH) · H2O
7.DF.80DukeiteBi243+Cr86+O57(OH)6 · 3H2O
7.DF.85XocolatliteCa2Mn24+(Te6+O6)2 · H2O
25.11.1NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
25.11.2SideronatriteNa2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · 3H2O
25.11.3MetasideronatriteNa2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · H2O
25.11.4FerrinatriteNa3Fe(SO4)3 · 3H2O
25.11.5AmarilliteNaFe(SO4)2 · 6H2O
25.11.6YavapaiiteKFe(SO4)2
25.11.7KrausiteKFe(SO4)2 · H2O
25.11.8GoldichiteKFe(SO4)2 · 4H2O
25.11.9JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
25.11.10VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
25.11.11UngemachiteK3Na8Fe(SO4)6(NO3)2 · 6H2O
25.11.13Sabieite(NH4)Fe3+(SO4)2
25.11.14Ammoniojarosite(NH4)Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
25.11.15Clairite(NH4)2Fe3(SO4)4(OH)3 · 3H2O
25.11.16Mohrite(NH4)2Fe(SO4)2 · 6H2O
25.11.17Lonecreekite(NH4)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 12H2O
25.11.18Godovikovite(NH4)Al(SO4)2
25.11.19BotryogenMgFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
25.11.21Slavíkite(H3O+)3Mg6Fe15(SO4)21(OH)18 · 98H2O
25.11.23SturmaniteCa6(Fe3+,Al,Mn3+)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH)12 · 25H2O
25.11.24Millosevichite(Al,Fe)2(SO4)3
25.11.25AluminocopiapiteAl2/3Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
25.11.26HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
25.11.27Idrizite(Mg,Fe)(Al,Fe)2(SO4)3(OH)2 · 15H2O or near
25.11.28LishizheniteZnFe2(SO4)4 · 14H2O
25.11.29ZincovoltaiteK2Zn5Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O

Other Names for Metavoltine

Name in Other Languages:

Other Information

Other Information:
Partly soluble in water. Slowly decomposed by dilute acids.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Metavoltine

Reference List:
Blaas (1883) Konigliche Akademie der Wissenschaften, Vienna, Sitzber.: 87: 155 (Metavoltine).

Zambonini (1906) Reale accademia delle scienze fisische e matematiche, Naples, Att.: 13: 18.

Lacroix (1907) Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie: 30: 33.

Zambonini (1908) Reale accademia delle scienze fisische e matematiche, Naples, Rendu: 158.

Aquilar (1911) Bollettino della Societa dei Naturalisti in Napoli: 25: 28.

Larsen, E.S. (1921) The Microscopic Determination of the Nonopaque Minerals, First edition, USGS Bulletin 679: 109.

Scharizer (1923) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 58: 420.

Scharizer (1927) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 65: 1 (as α-Metavoltine)

Gossner and Arm (1929) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 72: 205.

Mellor, J.W. (1935) A Comprehensive Treatise on Inorganic and Theoretical Chemistry. 16 volumes, London: 14: 341 (artif. mat.).

Gossner (1936) Zbl. Min.: 262.

Bandy (1938) American Mineralogist: 23: 735 (discrepant crystallographical data).

Gordon (1940) Academy of Natural Science of Philadelphia, Notulae Naturae, no. 64.

Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 619-621 (as Metavoltine).

Scordari, F., Vurro, F., and Menchetti, S. (1975) The metavoltine problem: relationships between metavoltine and Maus’ salt. Tschermaks Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen: 22: 88-97.

Tschermaks Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen: 23: 155-166.

Tschermaks Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen (1981): 28: 207.

Internet Links for Metavoltine

mindat.org URL:
https://www.mindat.org/min-2696.html
Please feel free to link to this page.
Specimens:
The following Metavoltine specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.

Localities for Metavoltine

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Argentina
 
  • Catamarca
    • Andalgalá Department
Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols; Milka K. de Brodtkorb (2002) Las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina. Vol. 1 (elements, sulphides and sulphosalts). (Asociacion Mineralogica Argentina)
Marquez Zavalia, M. F. (1986): Challantite of Capillitas Mine, Catamarca. Revista de la Asociacion Argentina de Mineralogia, Petrologia y Sedimentologia 17, 19-22. (in Spanish); MARQUEZ-ZAVALIA, M.F.. The As-rich end-member of the jordanite-geocronite series of the Capillitas Mine, Catamarca. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2006, vol.61, n.2, pp. 231-235.
  • Jujuy
    • Santa Bárbara Department
      • Cerros de Santa Bárbara (Cerro Santa Bárbara)
        • El Palmar hot springs
Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols; Zavalia, Maria Florencia Marquez & Galliski, Miguel Angel (1995): Goldichite of fumarolic origin from the Santa Barbara mine, Jujuy, northwestern Argentina. Canadian Mineralogist 33, 1059-1062.
Australia
 
  • South Australia
    • Murray Basin
      • Murray Riverlands
        • Murray Bridge
Raven, M., Fitzpatrick, R., Shand, P., & McClure, S. (2010, August). Minerals diagnostic of acid sulfate soils. In Extended Abstracts, 21st Australian Clay Minerals Conference, Brisbane.
Austria
 
  • Lower Austria
    • Waldviertel
      • Drosendorf-Zissersdorf
        • Wollmersdorf (Zettlitz-Wollmersdorf)
Hammer, V.M.F. & Sabor, M. (2004): 1379) Paracoquimbit vom ehemaligen Graphitabbau Zettlitz bei Wollmersdorf. P. 244 in: Niedermayr, G. et al., Carinthia II, 194./114., 217-257.
      • Mühldorf
        • Amstall
Kolitsch, U. (2008): 1548: Metavoltin und Szomolnokit vom ehemaligen Graphitbergbau Amstall, Waldviertel, Niederösterreich. In: Niedermayr, G. et al. (2008): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LVII. Carinthia II, 198./118., 258.; peter neschen collection
  • Styria
    • Leutschach
matrixx 1, p.79-82
Belgium
 
  • Hainaut Province (Henegouwen; Hennegau)
    • Mons
      • Blaton
Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M. & van der Meersche, E. (2002): Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Ed., 304 p.
Canada
 
  • Nova Scotia
    • Hants Co.
      • Walton
Canadian Mineralogist 9, 718; Transactions of the Canadian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy and the Mining Society of Nova Scotia , Volume 69 p398
Chile
 
  • Antofagasta Region
    • Antofagasta Province
      • Mejillones
        • Mejillones peninsula
Samples analysed by Dr. Tony Kampf, Curator of LAC Mineralogical Museum, USA
      • Sierra Gorda District
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 457, 605, 620.
M.Dini & A.Molina collections-analysed material
    • El Loa Province
      • Calama
        • Cerritos Bayos
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 620.; Kampf, A.R.; Mills, S.J.; Housley, R.M.; Williams, P.A.; Dini, M. (2012): Alcaparrosaite, K3Ti4+Fe3+(SO4)4O(H2O)2, a new hydrophobic Ti4+ sulfate from Alcaparrosa, Chile. Mineralogical Magazine 76, 851-861.
        • Chuquicamata District
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II.: 457, 620; Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols.
          • Toki Cu deposit (Toki Cluster)
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 620.
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Karlovy Vary Region
      • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
        • Jáchymov District (St Joachimsthal)
Lapis 2002(7/8), 63-65
  • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
    • South Moravia Region
      • Oslavany
Hršelová, P., Cempírek, J., Houzar, S., Sejkora, J. (2013): S,F,Cl-rich mineral assemblages from burned spoil heaps in the Rosice-Oslavany coalfield, Czech Republic. Can. Mineral.: 51(1): 171-188
France
 
  • Brittany
    • Morbihan
      • Belle-Ile
        • Le Palais
R. Pierrot, L. Chauris, C. Laforêt and F. Pillard : "Inventaire Minéralogique de la France N° 9 : Morbihan", BRGM, 1980.
  • Nouvelle-Aquitaine
    • Haute-Vienne
      • Ambazac
A. Lacroix : "Minéralogie de la France et de ses colonies", 1913.
Germany
 
  • Hesse
    • Richelsdorf District
      • Nentershausen
        • Süß
          • Richelsdorf Smelter
S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1992
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Aachen
      • Alsdorf
Witzke, T., de Wit, F., Kolitsch, U. and Blaß, G. (2015): Mineralogy of the Burning Anna I Coal Mine Dump, Alsdorf, Germany. Chapter 7, pp. 203-240, in: Stracher, G. B., Prakash, A. and Sokol, E. V.: Coal and Peat Fires: A Global Perspective, Volume 3: Case Studies - Coal Fires, Elsevier, 786 pp.
    • Ruhr Coal Mining area
      • Bottrop
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
      • Essen
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
      • Herne
No reference listed
      • Marl
        • Marl-Hüls
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
  • Saxony
    • Dresden
      • Freital
Thalheim, K.; Reichel, W. & Witzke, T. (1991): Die Minerale des Döhlener Beckens.- Schriften des Staatlichen Museums für Mineralogie und Geologie zu Dresden, Nr. 3
  • Thuringia
    • Gera
      • Ronneburg U deposit
T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
Greece
 
  • Aegean Islands Department (Aiyaíon)
    • Kykládes Prefecture
      • Cyclade Islands (Cyclades; Kikladhes; Nomos Kikladhon)
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 620.
  • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
    • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
      • Lavrion District Mines
        • Plaka
          • Plaka Mines
Schnorrer, G. & Breitenbach, H. (1996): Lavrion: Neufunde aus dem antiken Bergbau und in historischen Schlacken. Lapis, 21 (1), 45-48; 62.
Branko Rieck Collection
        • Sounion area
Branko Rieck Collection
Hungary
 
  • Baranya Co.
    • Mecsek Mts
      • Komló
Geoda 2007/1
      • Pécs
Szakáll, S. & Kristály, F. (2008): Ammonium sulphates from burning coal dumps at Komló and Pécs-Vasas, Mecsek Mts., South Hungary. Mineralogia, Special Papers, Vol. 32 (2nd Central-European Mineralogical Conference 2008 (CEMC)), 154.
Iran (TL)
 
  • Hormozgan Province
    • Bandar-Abbas County
      • Bandar Abbas (Bandar-e Abbas)
        • Haji Abad town
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 620; Mineralogical Magazine (1977) 41, 371; Sitzungsber. k. k. Akad. Wiss. Wien (1883) 87, 155
  • Yazd Province
    • Saghand (Sagand; Saqand)
Bariand, P., Cesbron, F. & Berthelon, J. P. (1977): Iron sulfates of Saghand near Yazd (Iran). Memoire Hors-Série de la Société Géologique de France 8, 77-85.
Italy
 
  • Campania
    • Naples Province
      • Somma-Vesuvius Complex
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 620.
Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI
    • Phlegrean Volcanic Complex
      • Naples Province
        • Phlegrean Fields
          • Bacoli
            • Miseno
Zambonini F. (1907): Su alcuni minerali della Grotta dello Zolfo a Miseno. Rendiconto Accad. Sci. fis. mat. Napoli, serie 3, 46, 324-331; Palache C., Berman H., Frondel C. (1951): The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: page 620.
          • Pozzuoli
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 620.
  • Liguria
    • Savona Province
      • Bergeggi
Balestra C. (2014): La metavoltina di Monte S. Elena, Bergeggi (SV). Prie, 10, 9-10.
  • Sardinia
    • Sassari Province
      • Sassari
Ara D., Sanna L., Rossi A., Galli E., De Waele J. (2013): Minerali secondari in ambiente sotterraneo: la miniera dell’Argentiera (Sardegna nord-occidentale). In: Cucchi F., Gudi P. (eds.), Atti del XXI Congresso Nazionale di Speleologia “Diffusione delle conoscenze”, Sessione Attività di esplorazione e ricerca. Trieste 2-5 giugno 2011. Edizioni Università di Trieste, Trieste, 290-295.
  • Sicily
    • Messina Province
      • Eolie Islands (Aeolian Islands)
        • Lipari
Russo, M. (2006): Il gesso delle valli del Faurdo e del Caolino (Isola di Lipari, Messina, Sicilia). Micro (notizie mineralogche), 2006, 51-54.
            • Pianoconte
Russo, M. (2006): Il gesso delle valli del Faurdo [sic!] e del Caolino (Isola di Lipari - ME). MICRO (località), 1/2006, 51-54.
            • Quattropani
Russo, M. (2006): Il gesso delle valli del Faurdo [sic!] e del Caolino (Isola di Lipari - ME). MICRO (località), 1/2006, 51-54.
          • Vulcano Island
LACROIX A. (1907) - Sur deux gisement noveaux de metavoltine. - Bulletin de Minéralogie - 30, 30
            • Porto Levante
              • Faraglioni di Levante (Grotte dei Faraglioni; Grotte del Faraglione; "Grotte de Faraglione")
                • Faraglione Nico (Faraglione Piccolo; Faragghiune Nicu)
LACROIX A. (1907) - Sur deux gisement noveaux de metavoltine. - Bulletin de Mineralogie - 30, 30. PANICHI U. (1924): Contributo allo studio dei minerali dell'Isola di Vulcano. - Memorie della Società Italiana delle Scienze (detta dei XL) - serie 3 - 19, 3-55.
LACROIX A. (1907) - Sur deux gisement noveaux de metavoltine. - Bulletin de Mineralogie - 30, 30. PANICHI U. (1924): Contributo allo studio dei minerali dell'Isola di Vulcano. - Memorie della Società Italiana delle Scienze (detta dei XL) - serie 3 - 19, 3-55.
LACROIX A. (1907) - Sur deux gisement noveaux de metavoltine. - Bulletin de Mineralogie - 30, 30. PANICHI U. (1924): Contributo allo studio dei minerali dell'Isola di Vulcano. - Memorie della Società Italiana delle Scienze (detta dei XL) - serie 3 - 19, 3-55.
  • Tuscany
    • Siena Province
      • Chiusdino
Mineralogical Record, 15 (1), 27-36; Bertelli L., 1975. La metavoltina delle Cetine di Cotorniano. Notiz. Gr. Mineral. Fiorent., II, 2: 11-13.; Menchetti, S., Batoni, M., Batacchi, C., Borselli, G., Brogi, A., Ceccantini, L., Fassina, B., Marchesini, M., Rossellini, A. & Ruggieri, G. (2015): Le Cetine di Cotorniano. Miniera e minerali. Associazione Micro-Mineralogica Italiana, Cremona, 354 p.
Japan
 
  • Kyushu Region
    • Kagoshima Prefecture
Ishii et al (1991) Chigaku Kenkyu, 40, 33-38.
    • Nansei Archipelago
      • Kagoshima Prefecture
        • Tokara Archipelago
Alfredo Petrov collection.
New Zealand
 
  • North Island
    • Waikato
      • Taupo
The Rotokawa geothermal System. Krupp & Seward 1978, Economic Geology. 82 pp 1109-1129; Econ Geol (1987)82:1109-1129
Papua New Guinea
 
  • Bismarck Sea
    • Manus Basin
Steger, S. (2015): Mineralogical characterisation of a black smoker from the "Vienna woods" hydrothermal field, Manus Basin, Papua New Guinea: complex sulphide ores from a deep-sea hydrothermal system. Master Thesis, University of Vienna, Austria, 50 pp.
Peru
 
  • Ayacucho Department
    • Lucanas Province
      • Huac-huas (Huacuas)
Dr. Jaroslav Hyrsl specimens.
Poland
 
  • Upper Silesia (Śląskie)
Kruszewski, Ł. (2013). Supergene sulphate minerals from the burning coal mining dumps in the Upper Silesian Coal Basin, South Poland. International Journal of Coal Geology, 105, 91-109.
      • Katowice area
Parafiniuk, J. and Kruszewski, Ł. (2009): Ammonium minerals from burning coal-dumps of the Upper Silesian Coal Basin (Poland). Geol. Quart., 53, 341-356. http://www.pgi.gov.pl/images/stories/G_Q/53_3/parafiniuk.pdf (esp. p. 347)]
        • Łaziska
Lukasz Kruszewski 2005: Minerals arising in cause of underground fires of "Skalny" coal mine dump in Laziska, Upper Silesia. Mag. Thesis. (unpublished); Kruszewski, Ł. (2013): Supergene minerals from the burning coal mining dumps in the Upper Silesian Coal Basin, South Poland. International Journal of Coal Geology, 105, 91-109 (http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0166516212002881)
Saint Helena
 
Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols
Slovakia
 
  • Košice Region
    • Gelnica Co.
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
  • Prešov Region
    • Prešov Co.
      • Červenica
        • Dubník
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
Spain
 
  • Andalusia
    • Huelva
      • Minas de Riotinto
[MinRec 27:284]
UK
 
  • England
    • Cornwall
      • St Just District
        • St Just
          • Botallack
Golley, P. & Williams, R. (1995): Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications (Truro), 104 pp.
    • Cumbria
      • Cockermouth
BMS Database http://www.minersoc.org/pages/Archive-MM/Volume_56/56-384-431.pdf - Min Mag copy of: Young, B., Bolano, M.P., Hyslop, E.K. (1992) Metavoltine from Cockermouth, Cumbria, Mineralogical Magazine, September 1992, Vol 56, pp. 431-432
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Cochise Co.
      • Mule Mts
        • Warren District
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.:69
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 297.
  • California
    • San Bernardino Co.
      • Calico Mts (Calico Hills)
        • Calico District (Daggett District; Calico-Daggett area)
          • Calico
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), Foshag, William Frederick (1931c), Krausite, a new sulphate from California: American Mineralogist: 16: 352-360; Moller, W.P. (1963) Sulfur Hole. Mineralogist: 31, part 1, No. 3: 12-16; part 2, No. 4: 12-15; Scordari, F., Vurro, F., and Menchetti, S. (1975) The metavoltine problem: relationships between metavoltine and Maus’ salt. Tschermaks Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen: 22: 88-97; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 278; The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 620; Joseph F. Cooper, Jr., Gail E. Dunning, Ted A. Hadley, and William P. Moller (2001) The Sulfur Hole, Calico District, San Bernardino County, California
  • Kentucky
    • Lincoln Co.
MinRec 28 (5), 369-384.
Rocks & Minerals 81:420-440
  • Nevada
    • Washoe Co.
      • Steamboat Springs District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • Ohio
    • Huron Co.
      • Huron River
Dr Pete Richards
  • Utah
    • San Juan Co.
      • Blanding
Wendlandt, R.F., Harrison, W.J. (2006): Ammonium Sulfate Evaporites Associated With Uranium Mill Tailings Disposal Cells. American Geophysical Union, Fall Meeting 2006, abstract #V31D-0603
      • White Canyon District
        • Red Canyon
J. Plášil, A.R. Kampf, A.V. Kasatkin, J. Marty, R. Škoda, S. Silva, J. Čejka (2013): Meisserite, Na5(UO2)(SO4)3(SO3OH)(H2O), a new uranyl sulfate mineral from the Blue Lizard mine, San Juan County, Utah, USA. Mineralogical Magazine 77, 2975-2988
Min News 5:10 p1-5
  • Virginia
    • Wise Co.
      • Big Stone Gap
Minerals of Virginia, 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
Minerals of Virginia, 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
Mineral and/or Locality  
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