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Nielsenite

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About NielseniteHide

02293840015173628834956.jpg
Troels F. D. Nielsen
Formula:
PdCu3
Colour:
Steel-grey
Lustre:
Metallic
Specific Gravity:
9.53 (Calculated)
Crystal System:
Tetragonal
Name:
Named in honor of Troels F.D. Nielsen (b. 1950), geologist with the Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland, "in recognition of his field work that helped to define the precious metal layers in the Skaergaard intrusion and his leadership in their subsequent mineralogical and metallurgical characterization."
The possible Pd analogue of 'UM1986-17-E:CuPt'.


Classification of NielseniteHide

Approved
Approval Year:
2004
First Published:
2008
1.AG.70

1 : ELEMENTS (Metals and intermetallic alloys; metalloids and nonmetals; carbides, silicides, nitrides, phosphides)
A : Metals and Intermetallic Alloys
G : PGE-metal alloys
Dana 7th ed.:
1.2.3.3

Physical Properties of NielseniteHide

Metallic
Transparency:
Opaque
Colour:
Steel-grey
Streak:
Black
Hardness Data:
Could not be measured
Tenacity:
Sectile
Cleavage:
None Observed
Fracture:
None observed
Density:
9.53 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Chemical Properties of NielseniteHide

Formula:
PdCu3

Crystallography of NielseniteHide

Crystal System:
Tetragonal
Cell Parameters:
a = 3.7125 Å, c = 25.62 Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 6.901
Unit Cell V:
353.2 ų
Z:
4
Twinning:
None observed

Crystal StructureHide

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IDSpeciesReferenceLinkYearLocalityPressure (GPa)Temp (K)
0014169NielseniteOkamura K (1970) Lattice modulation in the long period ordered alloys studied by X-ray diffraction. III. Cu3Pd Journal of the Physical Society of Japan 28 1005-10141970synthetic0293
CIF Raw Data - click here to close

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
2.137 Å(100)
1.8596 Å(70)
1.8337 Å(40)
1.3126 Å(60)
1.1188 Å(55)
1.0663 Å(30)

Type Occurrence of NielseniteHide

General Appearance of Type Material:
Anhedral grains from heavy metal concentrates
Place of Conservation of Type Material:
Geologisk Museum, Øster Volgade 5–7, DK–1350, Copenhagen K, Denmark (catalogue number 2008.1).
Geological Setting of Type Material:
Layered gabbroic intrusive body in granitic gneiss.
Reference:
McDonald, A.M., Cabri, L.J., Rudashevsky, N.S., Stanley, C.J., Rudashevsky, V.N., Ross, K.C. (2008) Nielsenite, a new platinum-group intermatallic mineral spoecies from the Skaergaard intrusion, Greenland. Canadian Mineralogist: 46: 709-716.

Synonyms of NielseniteHide

Other Language Names for NielseniteHide

Simplified Chinese:三铜钯矿

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
1 photo of Nielsenite associated with Titaniferous MagnetiteFe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
1 photo of Nielsenite associated with IlmeniteFe2+TiO3

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

1.AG.05Hexaferrum(Fe,Os,Ru,Ir)Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.AG.05Garutiite(Ni,Fe,Ir)Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.AG.10Atokite(Pd,Pt)3SnIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.AG.10Rustenburgite(Pt,Pd)3SnIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.AG.10ZvyagintsevitePd3PbIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pm3n
1.AG.15Taimyrite(Pd,Cu,Pt)3SnOrth.
1.AG.15Tatyanaite(Pt,Pd,Cu)9Cu3Sn4Orth.
1.AG.20PaolovitePd2SnOrth.
1.AG.25PlumbopalladinitePd3Pb2Hex.
1.AG.25Stannopalladinite(Pd,Cu)3Sn2Hex.
1.AG.30CabriitePd2CuSnOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmm
1.AG.35ChengdeiteIr3FeIso.
1.AG.35IsoferroplatinumPt3FeIso.
1.AG.40FerronickelplatinumPt2FeNiTet.
1.AG.40TetraferroplatinumPtFeTet.
1.AG.40TulameenitePt2CuFeTet.
1.AG.45HongshiitePtCuTrig.
1.AG.45SkaergaarditePdCuIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pm3m
1.AG.50YixunitePt3InIso.
1.AG.55DamiaoitePtIn2Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.AG.60NiggliitePtSnHex.
1.AG.65BortnikovitePd4Cu3ZnTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/mmm

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for NielseniteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Okamura, K. (1970) Lattice modulation in the long period ordered alloys studied by X-ray diffraction. III. Cu3Pd. Journal of the Physical Society of Japan: 28: 1005-1014.
McDonald, A.M., Cabri, L.J., Rudashevsky, N.S., Stanley, C.J., Rudashevsky, V.N., Ross, K.C. (2008) Nielsenite, a new platinum-group intermatellic mineral species from the Skaergaard intrusion, Greenland. Canadian Mineralogist: 46: 709-716.
Poirier, G., Ercit, T.S., Tait, K.T., Piilonen, P.C., Rowe, R. (2009) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 94: 399-408.

Internet Links for NielseniteHide

Localities for NielseniteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Greece
 
  • Epirus
    • Pindus
      • Pindos ophiolite complex
Argyrios Kapsiotis, Tassos A. Grammatikopoulos, Basilios Tsikouras and Konstantinos Hatzipanagiotou (2010): Platinum-Group Mineral Characterization in Concentrates from High-Grade PGE Al-rich Chromitites of Korydallos Area in the Pindos Ophiolite Complex (NW Greece). Resource Geology 60, 178-191. ; Kapsiotis, A. N. (2013). Genesis of chromitites from Korydallos, Pindos Ophiolite Complex, Greece, based on spinel chemistry and PGE-mineralogy. Journal of Geosciences, 58(1), 49-69.
Greenland (TL)
 
  • Sermersooq
McDonald A.M., Cabri L.J., Rudashevsky N.S., Stanley C.J., Rudashevsky V.N. , and K.C. Ross: Nielsenite, a new platinum-group intermatallic mineral spoecies from the Skaergaard intrusion, Greenland. Canadian Mineralogist 46,709-716(2008); Nielsen, T. F., Andersen, J. Ø., Holness, M. B., Keiding, J. K., Rudashevsky, N. S., Rudashevsky, V. N., ... & Veksler, I. V. (2015). The Skaergaard PGE and gold deposit: the result of in situ fractionation, sulphide saturation, and magma chamber-scale precious metal redistribution by immiscible Fe-rich melt. Journal of Petrology, 56(8), 1643-1676.
Holwell, D. A., Keays, R. R., McDonald, I., & Williams, M. R. (2015). Extreme enrichment of Se, Te, PGE and Au in Cu sulfide microdroplets: evidence from LA-ICP-MS analysis of sulfides in the Skaergaard Intrusion, east Greenland. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 170(5-6), 1-26.
Russia
 
  • Arkhangelsk Oblast
    • Franz Josef Land
Sklyarov, E.V., Karyakin, Yu.V., Karmanov, N.S., Tolstykh, N.D. (2016): Platinum-group minerals in dolerites from Alexandra Land Island: (Franz Josef Land Archipelago). Russian Geology and Geophysic: 57: 834–841; http://forum.amiminerals.it/viewtopic.php?f=5&t=12789 (2016)
  • Krasnoyarsk Krai
Polipsky, M.Yu., Krivenko, A.P., Polyakov, G.V. (2004): Platinum-palladium mineralization in chromite ores from ultrabasic rocks of the Western Sayan region. Dokl. Earth Sci.: 396(4): 508-511
  • Murmansk Oblast
    • Monche tundra intrusion
Grokhovskaya, T. L., Lapina, M. I., & Mokhov, A. V. (2009). Assemblages and genesis of platinum-group minerals in low-sulfide ores of the Monchetundra deposit, Kola peninsula, Russia. Geology of Ore Deposits, 51(6), 467-485.
Grokhovskaya, T., Karimova, O., Vymazalová, A., Laufek, F., Chareev, D., Kovalchuk, E.V., Magazina, L.O., Rassulov, V. (2019) Nipalarsite, Ni8Pd3As4, a new platinum-group mineral from the Monchetundra Intrusion, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Mineralogical Magazine: 83: 837-845.
    • Monchegorsk
Grokhovskaya, T.L., Griboedova, I.G. & Karimova, O.V. (2014) Diversity of PGM Assemblages in Pge Deposits of the Monchegorsk Igneous Complex, Russia. 12th International Platinum Symposium p249
 
Mineral and/or Locality  
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