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Anyuiite

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Formula:
AuPb2
Pb may be replaced by minor Sb.
Colour:
Silvery grey
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
Specific Gravity:
13.49 (Calculated)
Crystal System:
Tetragonal
Name:
Named after the type locality, the Bol'shoi Anyui River Basin, Kolyma area, Chukotskii Autonomous Okrug, Far-Eastern Region, Russia.
This page provides mineralogical data about Anyuiite.


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Classification of AnyuiiteHide

Approved
1.AA.15

1 : ELEMENTS (Metals and intermetallic alloys; metalloids and nonmetals; carbides, silicides, nitrides, phosphides)
A : Metals and Intermetallic Alloys
A : Copper-cupalite family
Dana 7th ed.:
1.1.3.1
1.1.4.1

1 : NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
1 : Metals, other than the Platinum Group
1.31

1 : Elements and Alloys (including the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au)

Physical Properties of AnyuiiteHide

Metallic
Transparency:
Opaque
Colour:
Silvery grey
Comment:
Becoming dull lead-gray on oxidation
Streak:
Lead grey
Hardness:
3½ on Mohs scale
Hardness:
VHN20=142 - 153 kg/mm2 - Vickers
Tenacity:
Malleable
Density:
13.49 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of AnyuiiteHide

Type:
Anisotropic
Anisotropism:
Weak
Bireflectance:
Barely noticable
Reflectivity:
420nmR1=50.3%R2= 56.7%
440nmR1=52.9%R2= 59.0%
460nmR1=55.0%R2= 60.7%
480nmR1=56.2%R2= 62.0%
500nmR1=57.7%R2= 62.4%
520nmR1=58.3%R2= 63.2%
540nmR1=59.3%R2= 63.9%
560nmR1=59.9%R2= 64.6%
580nmR1=60.7%R2= 65.1%
600nmR1=61.4%R2= 65.6%
620nmR1=62.1%R2= 66.0%
640nmR1=62.1%R2= 66.1%
660nmR1=63.0%R2= 66.2%
680nmR1=63.4%R2= 66.5%
700nmR1=63.7%R2= 66.8%

Reflectance graph
Graph shows reflectance levels at different wavelengths (in nm). Top of box is 100%. Peak reflectance is 66.8%.
R1 shown in black, R2 shown in red
Colour in reflected light:
pale silvery grey with faint creamy tint, becoming dark grey with blue-black overtones

Chemical Properties of AnyuiiteHide

Formula:
AuPb2

Pb may be replaced by minor Sb.

Crystallography of AnyuiiteHide

Crystal System:
Tetragonal
Class (H-M):
4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) - Ditetragonal Dipyramidal
Space Group:
I4/mcm
Setting:
I4/mcm
Cell Parameters:
a = 7.39(2) Å, c = 5.61(3) Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 0.759
Unit Cell V:
306.37 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4
Morphology:
Rounded, elongated to platy polymetallic grains with rhombic to square outline; typically fine-grained granular massive.
Comment:
by analogy to synthetic AuPb2

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
5.22 (100)
3.74 (33)
2.59 (33)
2.23 (50)
1.448 (67)
1.231 (83)
1.155 (33)
1.130 (33)
Comments:
ICDD 46-1310

Type Occurrence of AnyuiiteHide

Place of Conservation of Type Material:
A.E. Fersman Mineralogical Museum, Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia.
Geological Setting of Type Material:
In placer concentrates derived from small ultramafic-gabbroid masses in a dunite-harzburgite formation.
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Synonyms of AnyuiiteHide

Other Language Names for AnyuiiteHide

German:Anyuiit
Russian:Анюйит
Simplified Chinese:安云矿
锑铅金矿
Spanish:Anyuiita

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

1.AA.05AluminiumAlIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.AA.05CopperCuIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.AA.05Electrum(Au, Ag)
1.AA.05GoldAuIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.AA.05LeadPbIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.AA.05NickelNiIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.AA.05SilverAgIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.AA.05UM2004-08-E:AuCuPd(Cu,Pd,Au)
1.AA.05UM1991-06-E:AuCuAu3Cu
1.AA.10aAuricuprideCu3AuOrth.
1.AA.10bTetra-auricuprideAuCuTet.
1.AA.10aCuproaurideCu3Au
1.AA.15Khatyrkite(Cu,Zn)Al2Tet.
1.AA.15IodineI2
1.AA.15NovodnepriteAuPb3Tet. 4 2m : I4 2m
1.AA.15UM1985-02-E:AlZn(Zn,Cu)Al2
1.AA.20Cupalite(Cu,Zn)AlOrth.
1.AA.25HunchuniteAu2PbIso.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

1.1CopperCuIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.2SilverAgIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.5GoldAuIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.6AuricuprideCu3AuOrth.
1.7Tetra-auricuprideAuCuTet.
1.8ZincZnHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.9CadmiumCdHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.10DanbaiteCuZn2Iso.
1.11ZhanghengiteCuZnIso.
1.12MercuryHgTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
1.13KolymiteCu7Hg6Iso.
1.14MoschellandsbergiteAg2Hg3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m)
1.15EugeniteAg11Hg2Iso.
1.16SchachneriteAg1.1Hg0.9Hex.
1.17ParaschachneriteAg3Hg2Orth.
1.18LuanheiteAg3HgHex.
1.19Weishanite(Au,Ag)3Hg2Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.20IndiumInTet.
1.21AluminiumAlIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.22Khatyrkite(Cu,Zn)Al2Tet.
1.23Cupalite(Cu,Zn)AlOrth.
1.24DiamondCIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
1.25GraphiteCHex. 6mm : P63mc
1.26ChaoiteCHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P6/mmm
1.27LonsdaleiteCHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.28SiliconSi
1.29TinSnTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
1.30LeadPbIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.31NovodnepriteAuPb3Tet. 4 2m : I4 2m
1.32LeadamalgamPb0.7Hg0.3Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I4/mmm
1.33ArsenicAsTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
1.34ArsenolampriteAsOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
1.35PaxiteCuAs2Mon.
1.36KoutekiteCu5As2Hex.
1.37DomeykiteCu3AsIso. 4 3m : I4 3d
1.38Algodonite(Cu1-xAsx)Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.39NovákiteCu20AgAs10Mon.
1.40KutinaiteAg6Cu14As7 Iso.
1.41AntimonySbTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
1.42StibarsenAsSbTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
1.43ParadocrasiteSb3AsMon. 2 : B2
1.44HorsforditeCu, Sb
1.45CuprostibiteCu2(Sb,Tl)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nmm
1.46Allargentum(Ag1-xSbx)Hex.
1.47AurostibiteAuSb2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
1.48DyscrasiteAg3SbOrth. mm2 : Pmm2
1.49BismuthBiTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
1.50MaldoniteAu2BiIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
1.51SulphurS8Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Fddd
1.52RosickýiteSMon. 2/m : P2/b
1.53SeleniumSeTrig. 3 2 : P31 2 1
1.54TelluriumTeHex.
1.55ChromiumCrIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Im3m
1.56RheniumReHex.
1.57IronFeIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Im3m
1.58ChromferideFe3Cr1-x (x=0.6)Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pm3m
1.59FerchromideCr3Fe1-xIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pm3m
1.60WairauiteCoFe
1.61NickelNiIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.62Kamacite(Fe,Ni)Iso.
1.63Taenite(Fe,Ni)Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.64TetrataeniteFeNiTet.
1.65AwaruiteNi3FeIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.66Palladium(Pd,Pt)
1.67PotaritePdHgTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/mmm
1.68PaolovitePd2SnOrth.
1.69Stannopalladinite(Pd,Cu)3Sn2Hex.
1.70CabriitePd2CuSnOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmm
1.71Taimyrite(Pd,Cu,Pt)3SnOrth.
1.72Atokite(Pd,Pt)3SnIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.73Rustenburgite(Pt,Pd)3Sn
1.74ZvyagintsevitePd3PbIso.
1.75PlumbopalladinitePd3Pb2Hex.
1.76Osmium(Os,Ir,Ru)Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.77Iridium(Ir,Os,Ru)Iso.
1.82PlatinumPtIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.83HongshiitePtCuTrig.
1.84NiggliitePtSnHex.
1.85IsoferroplatinumPt3FeIso.
1.86TetraferroplatinumPtFeTet.
1.87TulameenitePt2CuFeTet.
1.88FerronickelplatinumPt2FeNiTet.
1.89Rhodium(Rh,Pt)Iso.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for AnyuiiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Jambor, J.L., Grew, E.S. (1991) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 76: 299-305.
Razin, L.V., Sidorenko, G.A. (1989) Anyuiite AuPb2 - A new intermetallic of gold and lead. Mineralogicheskii Zhurnal: 11(4): 88-96.
Ferraris, C., Lorand, J.P. (2015) Novodneprite (AuPb3), anyuiite [Au(Pb, Sb)2] and gold micro- and nano-inclusions within plastically deformed mantle-derived olivine from the Lherz peridotite (Pyrenees, France): a HRTEM–AEM–EELS study. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals: 42: 143-150.

Internet Links for AnyuiiteHide

Localities for AnyuiiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
China
 
  • Jilin Province (Manchuria; Dongbei Region)
    • Jilin Prefecture
      • Huadian Co.
        • Jiapigou ore field
Handbook of Mineralogy
    • Yanbian Chaoxianzu Autonomous Prefecture
      • Hunchun Co.
        • Shajin Mine
Extra Lapis English No. 5 Gold
France
 
  • Occitanie
    • Ariège
      • Massat
        • Le Port
          • Col d'Agnès
            • Etang de Lherz
Cristiano Ferraris, Jean-Pierre Loran (2015) Novodneprite (AuPb3), anyuiite [Au(Pb, Sb)2] and gold micro- and nano-inclusions within plastically deformed mantle-derived olivine from the Lherz peridotite (Pyrenees, France): a HRTEM–AEM–EELS study. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals, Vol 42, Issue 2 (February 2015), 143-150.
Kazakhstan
 
  • Akmola Province (Aqmola Oblysy; Akmolinskaya Oblast')
Dyussembayeva, K., Kasenova, A. & Shakirova (2013): The intermetallic compounds of gold with lead. Published online: http://portal.kazntu.kz/files/publicate/2013-11-30-10237_0.pdf; Dyussembayeva, K., Kasenova, A., & Shakirova, G. (2013). The Intermetallic Compounds of Gold with Lead. International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference: SGEM: Surveying Geology & mining Ecology Management, 2, 643.
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
    • Legnica
      • Lubin District
Extra Lapis English No. 5 Gold
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia)
      • Mirny
Extra Lapis English No. 5 Gold
  • Far-Eastern Region
    • Chukotskii Autonomous Okrug
      • Kolyma area
Extra Lapis English No. 5 Gold; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
  • Urals Region
    • Middle Urals
      • Sverdlovskaya Oblast'
        • Neiva river
Mineral and/or Locality  
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