Help mindat.org|Log In|Register|
Home PageMindat NewsThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusManagement TeamContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatSponsor a PageSponsored PagesTop Available PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on Mindat
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryAdvanced Locality SearchRandom MineralSearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch ArticlesSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
Keyword(s):
 
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportCoordinate Completion ReportAdd Glossary Item
StatisticsThe ElementsMember ListBooks & MagazinesMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryHow to Link to MindatDevice Settings
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day Gallery

Minnesotaite

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Formula:
Fe2+3Si4O10(OH)2
Colour:
Greenish-gray to olive green
Lustre:
Resinous, Waxy, Greasy
Hardness:
1½ - 2
Specific Gravity:
3.01
Crystal System:
Triclinic
Name:
For its occurrence in the state of Minnesota.
Compare also ferripyrophyllite.




Hide all sections | Show all sections

Classification of MinnesotaiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
9.EC.05

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
E : Phyllosilicates
C : Phyllosilicates with mica sheets, composed of tetrahedral and octahedral nets
71.2.1.5

71 : PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
2 : Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
14.21.9

14 : Silicates not Containing Aluminum
21 : Silicates of Fe and Mg

Physical Properties of MinnesotaiteHide

Resinous, Waxy, Greasy
Transparency:
Translucent
Comment:
Low luster is common
Colour:
Greenish-gray to olive green
Streak:
White
Hardness:
1½ - 2 on Mohs scale
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Perfect
Micaceous on {001}
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven
Comment:
Usually fine-grained
Density:
3.01 g/cm3 (Measured)    2.97 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of MinnesotaiteHide

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.578 - 1.583 nβ = 1.578 - 1.622 nγ = 1.615 - 1.623
2V:
Measured: 4°
Birefringence:
0.037-0.040
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.037 - 0.040
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
r < v moderate
Pleochroism:
Visible
Comments:
X= pale green
Z= colorless to pale greenish yellow

Chemical Properties of MinnesotaiteHide

Formula:
Fe2+3Si4O10(OH)2
Common Impurities:
Ti,Al,Mn,Ca,Na,K,H2O

Crystallography of MinnesotaiteHide

Crystal System:
Triclinic
Class (H-M):
1 - Pinacoidal
Space Group:
P1
Cell Parameters:
a = 5.623(2) Å, b = 9.419(2) Å, c = 9.624(3) Å
α = 85.21(3)°, β = 95.64(3)°, γ = 90.00°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.597 : 1 : 1.022
Unit Cell V:
505.46 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
2
Morphology:
Usually fine-grained dense masses of microscopic plates or needles
Twinning:
Inferred from single crystal X-ray analysis

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
9.54 (100)
4.78 (20)
3.18 (50)
2.76 (30)
2.66 (40)
2.54 (30)
2.53 (50)
2.21 (20)
Comments:
2.54 and 2.53 frequently overlap; 41-594

Type Occurrence of MinnesotaiteHide

Synonyms of MinnesotaiteHide

Other Language Names for MinnesotaiteHide

Simplified Chinese:铁滑石
Spanish:Minnesotaita

Relationship of Minnesotaite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
FerripyrophylliteFe3+Si2O5(OH)Mon.
PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2Tric. 1
TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2Tric. 1 : P1
WillemseiteNi3Si4O10(OH)2Mon.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.EC.05TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2Tric. 1 : P1
9.EC.05WillemseiteNi3Si4O10(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.10FerripyrophylliteFe3+Si2O5(OH)Mon.
9.EC.10PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2Tric. 1
9.EC.15BoromuscoviteKAl2(BSi3O10)(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.15CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.15Chernykhite(Ba,Na)(V3+,Al,Mg)2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.15Montdorite(K,Na)2(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)5(Si4O10)2(OH,F)4
9.EC.15MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.EC.15NanpingiteCsAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2Mon.
9.EC.15ParagoniteNaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.15RoscoeliteK(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.EC.15Tobelite(NH4,K)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.15AluminoceladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Al(Si4O10)(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.15ChromphylliteK(Cr,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.EC.15FerroaluminoceladoniteK(Fe2+,Mg)(Al,Fe3+)(Si4O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.15FerroceladoniteK(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe3+,Al)(Si4O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.15ChromceladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)(Cr,Al)(Si4O10)(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.15TainioliteKLiMg2(Si4O10)F2Mon.
9.EC.15Ganterite(Ba,Na,K)(Al,Mg)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.20AnniteKFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20EphesiteLiNaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2Tric.
9.EC.20HendricksiteK(Zn,Mg,Mn2+)3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20Masutomilite(K,Rb)(Li,Mn3+,Al)3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2Mon.
9.EC.20NorrishiteKLiMn3+2(Si4O10)O2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20PolylithioniteKLi2Al(Si4O10)(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.EC.20PreiswerkiteNaMg2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.20SiderophylliteKFe2+2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.20TetraferriphlogopiteKMg3(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH,F)2
9.EC.20FluorotetraferriphlogopiteKMg3(Fe3+Si3O10)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20Wonesite(Na,K)(Mg,Fe,Al)6((Al,Si)4O10)2(OH,F)4Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20EastoniteKMg2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.20TetraferrianniteKFe2+3((Fe3+,Al)Si3O10)(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.20TrilithioniteK(Li1.5Al1.5)(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.EC.20FluoranniteKFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2Mon.
9.EC.20ShirokshiniteKNaMg2(Si4O10)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20ShirozuliteK(Mn2+,Mg)3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20SokolovaiteCsLi2Al(Si4O10)F2Mon.
9.EC.20AspidoliteNaMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20FluorophlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20UM2004-49-SiO:AlCsFHKLi(Cs,K)(Al,Li)2.6((Si,Al)4O10)(F,OH)2
9.EC.20Suhailite(NH4)Fe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20YangzhumingiteKMg2.5(Si4O10)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20OrloviteKLi2Ti(Si4O10)OFMon. 2 : B2
9.EC.20OxyphlogopiteK(Mg,Ti,Fe)3[(Si,Al)4O10](O,F)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.25Brammallite(Na,H3O)(Al,Mg,Fe)2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.30MargariteCaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.35Anandite(Ba,K)(Fe2+,Mg)3((Si,Al,Fe)4O10)(S,OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.EC.35BityiteLiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.EC.35ClintoniteCa(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.35Kinoshitalite(Ba,K)(Mg,Mn2+,Al)3(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.35Ferrokinoshitalite(Ba,K)(Fe2+,Mg)3(Al2Si2O10)(OH,F)2Mon.
9.EC.35Oxykinoshitalite(Ba,K)(Mg,Ti,Fe3+,Fe2+)3((Si,Al)4O10)(O,OH,F)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.35FluorokinoshitaliteBaMg3(Al2Si2O10)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.40Beidellite(Na,Ca0.5)0.3Al2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2OMon.
9.EC.40Kurumsakite(Zn,Ni,Cu)8Al8V5+2Si5O35 · 27H2O (?)
9.EC.40Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.40NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2OMon.
9.EC.40VolkonskoiteCa0.3(Cr,Mg,Fe)2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2OMon.
9.EC.40Yakhontovite(Ca,Na)0.5(Cu,Fe,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · 3H2OMon.
9.EC.45HectoriteNa0.3(Mg,Li)3(Si4O10)(F,OH)2Mon.
9.EC.45SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2OMon.
9.EC.45SauconiteNa0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2OMon.
9.EC.45SpadaiteMgSiO2(OH)2 · H2O (?)
9.EC.45Stevensite(Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.45SwineforditeLi(Al,Li,Mg)4((Si,Al)4O10)2(OH,F)4 · nH2OMon.
9.EC.45ZincsiliteZn3(Si4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2OMon.
9.EC.45FerrosaponiteCa0.3(Fe2+,Mg,Fe3+)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
9.EC.50VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2OMon. 2/m
9.EC.55Baileychlore(Zn,Fe2+,Al,Mg)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8Tric.
9.EC.55Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8Mon.
9.EC.55ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.55Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8Mon. 2/m
9.EC.55FranklinfurnaceiteCa2Fe3+Mn2+3Mn3+(Zn2Si2O10)(OH)8Mon. 2 : B2
9.EC.55Gonyerite(Mn2+,Mg)5Fe3+(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH)8
9.EC.55Nimite(Ni,Mg,Al)6((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)8Mon.
9.EC.55Orthochamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Fe3+)5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH,O)8
9.EC.55PennantiteMn2+5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8Tric.
9.EC.55SudoiteMg2Al3(Si3Al)O10)(OH)8Mon.
9.EC.55DonbassiteAl4.33(AlSi3O10)(OH)8Mon. 2 : B2
9.EC.55GlagoleviteNa(Mg,Al)6(AlSi3O10)(OH,O)8Tric. 1 : P1
9.EC.55BorocookeiteLi1+3xAl4-x(BSi3O10)(OH)8
9.EC.60AliettiteCa0.2Mg6((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · 4H2OMon.
9.EC.60Corrensite(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2OOrth.
9.EC.60DozyiteMg7Al2(Al2Si4O15)(OH)12Mon.
9.EC.60HydrobiotiteK(Mg,Fe2+)6((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · nH2OMon.
9.EC.60Karpinskite(Ni,Mg)2Si2O5(OH)2 (?)
9.EC.60KulkeiteMg8Al(AlSi7O20)(OH)10Mon.
9.EC.60LunijianlaiteLi0.7Al6.2(AlSi7O20)(OH,O)10Mon.
9.EC.60Rectorite(Na,Ca)Al4((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · 2H2OMon.
9.EC.60Saliotite(Li,Na)Al3(AlSi3O10)(OH)5Mon.
9.EC.60TosuditeNa0.5(Al,Mg)6((Si,Al)8O18)(OH)12 · 5H2OMon. 2 : B2
9.EC.60BrinrobertsiteNa0.3Al4(Si4O10)2(OH)4 · 3.5 H2OMon.
9.EC.65Macaulayite(Fe,Al)24Si4O43(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.70BurckhardtitePb2(Fe3+Te6+)[AlSi3O8]O6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3 1m
9.EC.75Ferrisurite(Pb,Ca)2.4Fe3+2(Si4O10)(CO3)1.7(OH)3 · nH2OMon.
9.EC.75Surite(Pb,Ca)3(Al,Fe2+,Mg)2((Si,Al)4O10)(CO3)2(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.75Niksergievite(Ba,Ca)2Al3(AlSi3O10)(CO3)(OH)6 · nH2OMon.
9.EC.80KegelitePb8Al4(Si8O20)(SO4)2(CO3)4(OH)8Mon.

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

71.2.1.1PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2Tric. 1
71.2.1.2FerripyrophylliteFe3+Si2O5(OH)Mon.
71.2.1.3TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2Tric. 1 : P1
71.2.1.4WillemseiteNi3Si4O10(OH)2Mon.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

14.21.1OlivineOrth.
14.21.2Ringwoodite(Mg,Fe2+)2SiO4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
14.21.3Wadsleyite(Mg,Fe2+)2(SiO4)Orth.
14.21.4ClinoferrosiliteFe2+SiO3Mon.
14.21.5Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
14.21.6Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon.
14.21.7 Magnesiocummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
14.21.8Grunerite☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
14.21.10Chesterite(Mg,Fe)17Si20O54(OH)6Orth.
14.21.11Jimthompsonite(Mg,Fe)5Si6O16(OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
14.21.12Clinojimthompsonite(Mg,Fe)5Si6O16(OH)2Mon.
14.21.13MajoriteMg3(Fe2+,Si,Al)2(SiO4)3Iso.
14.21.14Balangeroite(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+,Mn2+)42Si16O54(OH)40Mon.

Fluorescence of MinnesotaiteHide

Not fluorescent

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for MinnesotaiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
American Mineralogist (1944): 29: 363-372.
Canadian Mineralogist (1986): 24: 479-497.

Internet Links for MinnesotaiteHide

Localities for MinnesotaiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • Northern Territory
    • Barkly Region
      • Tennant Creek
Skirrow, R.G. (1993) The genesis of gold-copper-bismuth deposits, Tennant Creek, Northern Territory, PhD thesis (unpublished) Australian National University.
  • Victoria
    • Northern Grampians Shire
      • Stawell
http://www.earth2006.org.au/papers/extendedpdf/Wilson.pdf#search=%22Magdala%20gold%20deposit%22
  • Western Australia
    • Ashburton Shire
      • Tom Price
Barley, M.E., Pickard, A.L., Hagemann, S.G., and Folkert, S.L. (1999): Mineralium Deposita 34, 784-789.
      • Wittenoom
        • Wittenoom Gorge
Grubb, P. L. C. (1971). Silicates and their paragenesis in the Brockman Iron Formation of Wittenoom gorge, Western Australia. Economic Geology, 66(2), 281-292.
    • Cue Shire
      • Madoonga Station
Gole, M.(1980): Mineralogy and Petrology of Very low Grade Metamorphic Grade Archaean Banded Iron Formations Weld Range Western Australia, American Mineralogist (1980):65:8-25
    • East Pilbara Shire
      • Weeli Wolli Creek Area
Lascelles, D. F. (2006): Economic Geology 101, 1359-1376.
    • Yalgoo Shire
      • Retaliation Goldfield
        • Mount Gibson Conservation Reserve
The Mount Gibson Banded Iron Formation-Hosted Magnetite Deposits. Two Distinct Processes for the Origin of High Grade Iron Ore; DF Lascelles; Economic Geology; V101, May 2006, pp 651-666
Brazil
 
  • Pará
    • Carajás mineral province
      • Parauapebas
Grainger, C.J., Groves, D.I., Tallarico, F.H.B., and Fletcher, I.R. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 33, 451-489.
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • Slocan Mining Division
      • Riondel
Handbook of Mineralogy; Min Rec (1977) 8:34-36; Can Mineral September 1986 v. 24 no. 3 p. 479-497
  • Newfoundland and Labrador
    • Labrador
C. Klein, and R. P. Fink, 1976, Petrology of the Sokoman Iron Formation in the Howells River area, at the western edge of the Labrador Trough, Economic Geology, v. 71; no. 2; p. 453-487
C. Klein, and R. P. Fink, 1976, Petrology of the Sokoman Iron Formation in the Howells River area, at the western edge of the Labrador Trough, Economic Geology, v. 71; no. 2; p. 453-487
  • Québec
    • Abitibi-Témiscamingue
      • Rouyn-Noranda TE
Galley, A.G., Jonasson, I.R., and Watkinson, D.H. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 619-637.; Econ Geol. (1995) 90:2006-2017
    • Côte-Nord
      • Caniapiscau RCM
Can Mineral September 1986 v. 24 no. 3 p. 479-497
Can Mineral September 1986 v. 24 no. 3 p. 479-497; Carl M. Lesher (1978) Mineralogy and petrology of the Sokoman Iron Formation near Ardua Lake, Quebec. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, 15:480-500
Can Mineral September 1986 v. 24 no. 3 p. 479-497
China
 
  • Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region
    • Xilin Gol League (Xilinguole Prefecture)
      • Erenhot Co. (Erlianhaote Co.)
        • Wenduermiao Fe deposit
Feng Xiancan, Yang Ruiying, Song Guisen, Li Chenggui, and Lu Guojun (1986): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 6(4), 333-337.
  • Shanxi Province
    • Lüliang Prefecture
      • Lan Co.
Jinchu Zhu and Fusheng Zhang (1987): Mineral Deposits 6(1), 11-21
  • Sichuan Province
    • Bazhong Prefecture
      • Nanjiang Co.
Hongbing Hao and Wei Zhang (2001): Acta Geologica Sichuan 21(1), 35-38
Finland
 
  • Lapland Region
    • Kittilä
Paakkola, Juhani 1971. The volcanic complex and associated manganiferous iron formation of the Porkonen-Pahtavaara area in Finnish Lapland. Bulletin de la Commission Géologique de Finlande 247.
India
 
  • Karnataka
    • Tumkur District
      • Chitradurga belt
Saravanan, C.S., and Mishra, B. (2009): Mineralium Deposita 44, 597-605.
Ireland
 
  • Co. Galway
    • Killimor
Schultz, R.W. (1966) Econ. Geol. 61, 311-42.; Ryback, G., Nawaz, R. and Farley, E. (1988) Seventh Supplementary List of British Isles Minerals (Irish). Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 52, n° 365, pp. 267-274.; Gaines et al. (1997) Dana's System of Mineralogy.
Italy
 
  • Piedmont
    • Cuneo Province
      • Po Valley
        • Monviso
P. Nisio and J.M. Lardeaux, Bull. Minéral. , 1987, 110, pp. 427-437.
  • Sardinia
    • Nuoro Province
      • Gadoni
Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Sabelli, C., Ibba, A. (1999): I minerali di Funtana Raminosa. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/1999, 10-27.
Romania
 
  • Suceava Co.
    • Suceava district
      • Iacobeni (Jakobeny; Jacobeny; Jakabfalva)
http://minerals-of-the-carpathians.eu
South Africa
 
  • North West Province
    • Ngaka Modiri Molema District
Hammond, N. Q. & Moore, J. M. (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41, 483-503.
  • Northern Cape Province
    • Kalahari manganese field
      • Hotazel
Minerals of South Africa
Spain
 
  • Murcia
    • Sierra de Cartagena
Gaines et al. 1997, Dana's System of Mineralogy
Sweden
 
  • Västmanland
    • Hällefors
      • Hjulsjö
Mineralogical Magazine (1985) 49 (353), 611-613
UK
 
  • England
    • Cornwall
Clarke, A.H. (1970) American Mineralogist, 55, pp. 283-284.; Ryback, G., Nawaz, R. and Farley, E. (1988) Seventh Supplementary List of British Isles Minerals (Irish). Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 52, n° 365, pp. 267-274.; Handbook of Mineralogy.
USA
 
  • Arkansas
    • Garland Co.
      • Wilson Springs (Potash Sulfur Springs)
Rocks & Min.: 63:108.
  • Massachusetts
    • Essex Co.
Bozhilov, K. N. & B. W. Evans (2001): Ferroanthophyllite in Rockport grunerite: A transmission electron microscopy study. (American Mineralogist 86(10):1252-1260)
  • Michigan
    • Baraga Co.
Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
www.deq.state.mi.us/documents/deq-glm-rcim-geology-Minerals_Found_In_Michigan.Pdf.
www.deq.state.mi.us/documents/deq-glm-rcim-geology-Minerals_Found_In_Michigan.Pdf.
      • Marquette iron range
        • Champion
Rocks & Min.:58:111 & 61:328.
        • Palmer
Rocks & Min.:58:111.
        • Republic
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
  • Minnesota
Jay Ellis Ransom,1974, Gems and Minerals of America
    • Crow Wing Co.
Can Min 20 (1982), 579; Am Min 50:148-169
USGS Prof Paper 407
        • Riverton
Am Min 50:148-169; Can Mineral September 1986 v. 24 no. 3 p. 479-497
Econ Geology (1993)88:104-122
    • Itasca Co.
      • Mesabi Range
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    • St. Louis Co.
Can Min 20 (1982), 579
Can Mineral September 1986 v. 24 no. 3 p. 479-497
Am Min 29:363-372
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
55TH INSTITUTE ON LAKE SUPERIOR GEOLOGY (2009) PROCEEDINGS VOLUME 55 p. 70-71
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
55TH INSTITUTE ON LAKE SUPERIOR GEOLOGY (2009) PROCEEDINGS VOLUME 55 p. 54-55
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
  • New Mexico
    • McKinley Co.
      • Grants District
        • Ambrosia Lake Sub-district
NMBMMR Memoir 38 Geology and Technology of the Grants Uranium Region 1979
  • Washington
    • Ferry Co.
      • Belcher District
        • Cooke Mountain
Can Mineral February 1998 v. 36 no. 1 p. 147-162
  • Wisconsin
    • Ashland Co.
Cordua, W.S., 1998, "Minerals of Wisconsin", Rocks and Minerals vol. 73 #6, p. 378 - 398.
    • Iron Co.
      • Gogebic Range
        • Montreal
Cordua, W.S., 1998, "Minerals of Wisconsin", Rocks and Minerals vol. 73 #6, p. 378 - 399
Mineral and/or Locality  
Mindat.org is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization.
Copyright © mindat.org and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2017, except where stated. Mindat.org relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us Current server date and time: September 20, 2017 03:14:15 Page generated: September 9, 2017 13:15:20
Go to top of page