Donate now to keep mindat.org alive!Help mindat.org|Log In|Register|
Home PageMindat NewsThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusManagement TeamContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatSponsor a PageSponsored PagesTop Available PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on Mindat
The most common minerals on earthMineral PhotographyThe Elements and their Minerals
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryAdvanced Locality SearchRandom MineralSearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch ArticlesSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
Keyword(s):
 
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportCoordinate Completion ReportAdd Glossary Item
StatisticsThe ElementsMember ListBooks & MagazinesMineral MuseumsMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryDevice Settings
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day Gallery

Mirabilite

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Formula:
Na2SO4 · 10H2O
Colour:
Colourless, white; colourless in transmitted light
Lustre:
Vitreous
Hardness:
1½ - 2
Specific Gravity:
1.49
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
Based on the phrase "Sal mirabile" used by J.R. Glauber (1603-1668) when he inadvertently formed the artificial compound while working with sulfuric acid and salt.
Quickly dehydrates to thenardite in dry air. Compare 'UM1962-08-SO:HNa'.


Hide all sections | Show all sections

Classification of MirabiliteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
7.CD.10

7 : SULFATES (selenates, tellurates, chromates, molybdates, wolframates)
C : Sulfates (selenates, etc.) without additional anions, with H2O
D : With only large cations
29.2.2.1

29 : HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
2 : A2XO4·xH2O
25.1.3

25 : Sulphates
1 : Sulphates of the alkali metals and ammonium

Physical Properties of MirabiliteHide

Vitreous
Transparency:
Transparent, Opaque
Colour:
Colourless, white; colourless in transmitted light
Streak:
White
Hardness:
1½ - 2 on Mohs scale
Cleavage:
Perfect
On {100} perfect; also reported on {001}, {010}, and {011}.
Fracture:
Conchoidal
Density:
1.49 g/cm3 (Measured)    

Optical Data of MirabiliteHide

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.396 nβ = 1.410 nγ = 1.419
2V:
Measured: 75° , Calculated: 74°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.023
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
none

Chemical Properties of MirabiliteHide

Formula:
Na2SO4 · 10H2O

Crystallography of MirabiliteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Cell Parameters:
a = 12.84 Å, b = 10.37 Å, c = 11.52 Å
β = 107.77°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 1.238 : 1 : 1.111
Unit Cell V:
1,460.71 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Morphology:
Crystals short prismatic [001]. Usually prismatic to acicular [010]; also thin tabular {100} or {001}, or lath-like due to flattening on {100} and elongation parallel to [010] (artificial material). Massive; efflorescences or masses of interlocking fibers; granular; stalactitic.
Twinning:
Interpenetration twinning on {001}; also on {100}.

Crystallographic forms of MirabiliteHide

Crystal Atlas:
Image Loading
Click on an icon to view
Mirabilite no.8 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
3d models and HTML5 code kindly provided by www.smorf.nl.

Toggle
Edge Lines | Miller Indicies | Axes

Transparency
Opaque | Translucent | Transparent

View
Along a-axis | Along b-axis | Along c-axis | Start rotation | Stop rotation

Synonyms of MirabiliteHide

Other Language Names for MirabiliteHide

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Thénardite8 photos of Mirabilite associated with Thénardite on mindat.org.
Gypsum3 photos of Mirabilite associated with Gypsum on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

7.CD.Campostriniite(Bi3+,Na)3(NH4,K)2Na2(SO4)6·H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.CD.05MatteucciteNaHSO4 · H2OMon.
7.CD.15Lecontite(NH4,K)NaSO4 · 2H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
7.CD.20HydroglauberiteNa10Ca3(SO4)8 · 6H2OMon.
7.CD.25EugsteriteNa4Ca(SO4)3 · 2H2OMon.
7.CD.30GörgeyiteK2Ca5(SO4)6 · H2OMon.
7.CD.35Koktaite(NH4)2Ca(SO4)2 · H2OMon.
7.CD.35SyngeniteK2Ca(SO4)2 · H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
7.CD.40GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2OMon. 2/m
7.CD.45BassaniteCaSO4 · 0.5H2OMon. 2 : B2
7.CD.50Zircosulfate(Zr,Ti)(SO4)2 · 4H2OOrth.
7.CD.55SchieffelinitePb10Te6+6O20(OH)14(SO4)(H2O)5Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmcm
7.CD.60MontaniteBi2(TeO6) · 2H2O
7.CD.65OmongwaiteNa2Ca5(SO4)6 · 3H2OMon. 2 : B2

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

25.1.1ThénarditeNa2SO4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Fddd
25.1.2MatteucciteNaHSO4 · H2OMon.
25.1.4ArcaniteK2SO4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
25.1.5MercalliteKHSO4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
25.1.6MiseniteK8H6(SO4)7Mon.
25.1.7Aphthitalite(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2Trig.
25.1.8Mascagnite(NH4)2SO4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
25.1.9Letovicite(NH4)3H(SO4)2Tric.
25.1.10Ammonioalunite(NH4)Al3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for MirabiliteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Glauber (1658) Tractatus de natura salium (as Sal mirabile).
Bergmann, T. (1782) Sciagraphia regni mineralis (as Alcali minerale vitriolatum).
Reuss (1791) Crell’s Chemical Journal, London: 2: 18 (as Gediegen Glaubersalz).
Lenz, D.G. (1794) Versuch einer vollständigen Anleitung zur Kenntniss der Mineralien. 2 volumes, Leipzig: 1: 489 (as Natürliches Bittersalz).
Karsten, D.L.G. (1800) Mineralogische Tabellen, Berlin. First edition: 40 (as Reussin).
Haidinger, Wm. (1825) Treatise on Mineralogy, by F. Mohs; translation with considerable additions. 3 volumes, Edinburg: 2: 31.
Beudant, F.S. (1832), Traité élémentaire de Minéralogie, second edition, 2 volumes: 2: 475 (as Exanthalose).
Haidinger, Wm. (1845) Handbuch der bestimmenden Mineralogie. Vienna: 488.
Hausmann, J.F.L. (1847) Handbuch der Mineralogie 3 volumes, Göttingen. Second edition, vol. 2, in two parts: 2: 1182.
Zepharovich (1879) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 3: 100.
Trechmann (1901) Mineralogical Magazine: 13: 73.
Rosický (1908) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 45: 473.
Pardillo (1915) Bol. r. soc. española hist. nat.: 15: 153; ...(abstract) Min. Abs. (1920): 1: 78.
Peck (1917) American Mineralogist: 2: 62.
Goldschmidt, V. (1918) Atlas der Krystallformen. 9 volumes, atlas, and text, vol. 4: 49.
Larsen, E.S. (1921) The Microscopic Determination of the Nonopaque Minerals, First edition, USGS Bulletin 679: 111.
Wells (1923) USGS Bulletin 717: 2.
Schaller (1932) USGS Bulletin 833: 81.
Larsen, E.S. and Berman, H. (1934) The Microscopic Determination of the Nonopaque Minerals, Second edition, USGS Bulletin 848: 148.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 439-442.
Cocco, G., Rossetti, V. (1959) La cella elementare della mirabilite. Periodico di Mineralogia – Roma pp. 231-232.
Acta Crystallographica (1978) B34: 3502-3510.
Journal of the American Chemical Society: 83: 820-824.

Internet Links for MirabiliteHide

Localities for MirabiliteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Antarctica
 
  • Eastern Antarctica
    • Queen Maud Land
      • Lützow-Holm Bay
        • East Ongul Island
Watanuki/ Torii/ Nishiyama/ Morikawa, 1979
    • Transantarctic Mts
      • Buckley Island quadrangle
Liu, T. and Bish, D.L. (2010) MINERALOGICAL COMPOSITIONS OF THE EVAPORITES AT LEWIS CLIFF ICE TONGUE, ANTARCTICA: A POTENTIAL MARTIAN ANALOG. 41st Lunar and Planetary Science Conference (2010)
    • Victoria Land
Alfredo Petrov collection (ex- Eugene Carmichael collection, acquired 1981)
Argentina
 
  • Catamarca
    • Antofagasta de la Sierra Department
Raúl Jorge Tauber Larry
  • Salta
    • Los Andes Department
Alonso, R.N., 1999. Los salares de la Puna y sus recursos evaporíticos, Jujuy, Salta y Catamarca. En: Recursos Minerales de la República Argentina (Ed. E.O. Zappettini), Instituto de Geología y Recursos Minerales SEGEMAR, Anales 35:1907-1921.
VINANTE, D. y ALONSO, R.N.. Evapofacies del Salar Hombre Muerto, Puna argentina: distribucion y genesis. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2006, vol.61, n.2, pp. 286-297
Ovejero Toledo, A., Alonso, R. N., Ruiz, T. D. V., & Quiroga, A. G. (2009). Evapofacieshalítica en el Salar del Rincón, departamento Los Andes, Salta. Revista de la Asociación Geológica Argentina, 64(3), 493-500.
Peña, Hugo A. (1970): Minerales y rocas de aplicación de la Provincia de Tucumán. Dirección Provincial de Minas. Tucumán. República Argentina.; Hugo A. Peña (1970): Minerales y rocas de aplicación de la Provincia de Tucumán. Secretaría de Estado de Comercio, Industria y Minería. Dirección Provincial de Minas. Tucumán. República Argentina.
    • Burruyacú Department
J. R. Neder, C. E. Gamundi y R. I. Fernández (1987). Las salinas de El Timbó, mineralogía e importancia económica. Departamento de Burruyacu, provincia de Tucumán, Argentina. 10° Congreso Geológico Argentino, 1: 65-69.
Raúl Jorge Tauber Larry
    • Simoca Department
Raúl J. Tauber Larry (2013).
    • Trancas Department
Raúl Jorge Tauber Larry
Hugo A. Peña (1979) - Minerales y Rocas de Aplicación de la Provincia de Tucumán. Dirección Provincial de Minas. Tucumán.
Raúl Jorge Tauber Larry
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Windeyer Co.
P. Sutton (1982) Mirabilite from south-western N.S.W, The Australian Mineralogist.37: 200. P. Sutton (2004) Minerals from evaporative basins in the Mallee District, Murray Basin, south-eastern Australia. 10:1, 13-28
    • Yancowinna Co.
      • Thackaringa District
R Bottrill, unpub.data
  • Western Australia
    • Dundas Shire
      • Cocklebiddy Roadhouse
Bridge, P.J.(1973):Guano Minerals from Murra-el-Evelyn Cave Western Australia, Mineralogical Magazine (December 1973):39:467-469
Austria
 
  • Lower Austria
    • Industrieviertel
      • Puchberg am Schneeberg
Exel, R. (1993): Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs. Eigenverlag R. Exel, 447 pages.
  • Salzburg
    • Abtenau
      • Webing
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
    • Golling
      • Grubach
        • Moosegg (Mooseck)
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
    • Hallein
      • Dürrnberg
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 441; A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs, 1989
    • Hohe Tauern
      • Gastein valley
        • Bad Gastein
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs, 1989
    • Salzburg
      • Untersberg massif
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
  • Styria
    • Bad Aussee
      • Altaussee
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 441; R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
  • Tyrol
    • North Tyrol
      • Inn valley
        • Innsbruck
          • Hall
            • Hall valley
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
  • Upper Austria
    • Gmunden
      • Bad Ischl
        • Perneck
No reference listed
      • Hallstatt
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
    • Kirchdorf an der Krems
      • Spital am Pyhrn
Collected by Gerhard Brandstetter
Bolivia
 
  • La Paz Department
    • Loayza Province
Federico Ahlfeld and Alejandro Schneider-Scherbina (1964) Los Yacimientos Minerales y de Hidrocarburos de Bolivia. (Ministerio de Minas y Petroleo, La Paz)
  • Potosí Department
    • Nor Lípez Province
Ahlfeld & Muñoz Reyes (1955) Las Especies Minerales de Bolivia (Banco Minero de Bolivia); Ahlfeld & Muñoz Reyes (1955) Las Especies Minerales de Bolivia (Banco Minero de Bolivia)
      • San Juan
Ahlfeld & Muñoz Reyes (1955) Las Especies Minerales de Bolivia (Banco Minero de Bolivia)
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • Nicola Mining Division
      • Clinton
Renaut, R. W., Stead, D., & Owen, R. B. (1994). The saline lakes of the Fraser Plateau, British Columbia, Canada. Global Geological Record of Lake Basins, 1, 419-423.
  • Nova Scotia
    • Hants Co.
      • Windsor
Henry How, "On the Occurrence of Natro-Boro-Calcite with Glauber Salt in the Gypsum of Nova Scotia", The Edinburgh New Philosophical Journal, Vol 6, pg. 54-60, Jul-Oct 1857.
  • Québec
    • Laurentides
      • Deux-Montagnes RCM
        • Oka
Liu, W. (1993): Fluid inclusion geochemistry and rare earth element distributions in the Oka carbonatite, Quebec. Electronic Theses and Dissertations. M.Sc. thesis, University of Windsor, Ontario, Canada, Paper 2128. 126 p.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 441.
Chile
 
  • Antofagasta Region
    • El Loa Province
      • Calama
        • Chuquicamata District
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 449.; Ericksen & Mrose (1970) American Mineralogist 55:1500-1517
China
 
  • Henan Province
    • Nanyang Prefecture
      • Tongbai Co.
        • Biyang basin
Yang, J., Yi, C., Du, Y., Zhang, Z., & Yan, J. (2015). Geochemical significance of the Paleogene soda-deposits bearing strata in Biyang Depression, Henan Province. Science China Earth Sciences, 58(1), 129-137.
    • Puyang Prefecture
Renwei Li and Maoan Xin (1989): Acta Sedimentologica Sinica 7(4), 141-148
  • Hubei Province
    • Xiaogan Prefecture
Wu Xiang and Zhengyu Bao (1999): Geology and Prospecting 35(3), 36-37, 45
  • Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region
    • Alxa League (Alashan Prefecture)
      • Alxa Left Banner (Alashan Zuoqi)
        • Jilantai
Yu, G., Harrison, S.P., and Xue, B. (2001): Lake status records from China: Data Base Documentation. MPI-BGC Technology Report No. 4, pp. 57-59.; Xilei Pang and Dongsheng Hu (2009): Journal of Desert Research 29(2), 193-199
Zhenmin Liu, Boyun Li, Guoqing Liu, and Shaokang Xu (2007): Geology of Chemical Minerals 29(4), 193-201
    • Xilin Gol League (Xilinguole Prefecture)
      • East Ujimqin Banner (Dongwuzhumuqin Co.; Dongwu Qi)
Yu, G., Harrison, S.P., and Xue, B. (2001): Lake status records from China: Data Base Documentation. MPI-BGC Technology Report No. 4, pp. 50-51.
  • Jiangsu Province
    • Huai'an Prefecture
      • Hongze Co.
        • Xishunhe
Warren, J.K. (2006): Evaporites - Sediments, Resources and Hydrocarbons. Springer (Berlin, Heidelberg, New York), 1035 pp.
  • Qinghai Province
    • Hainan Autonomous Prefecture
Sun Da-peng, Li Bing-xiao, Ma Yua-hua, and Lin Qun-zhu (2002): Journal of Salt Lake Research 10(4), 1-12.
    • Haixi Autonomous Prefecture
      • Da Qaidam Co. (Dachaidan Co.)
Shaoxiu Yang (1991): Journal of Lake Sciences 3(1), 1-10; Garrett, D.E. (1998): Borates: Handbook of deposits, processing, properties, and use. Academic Press (San Diego, London), 491 pp.; Zheng, M. P., Qi, W., & Yuan, H. R. (2005). Characteristics of salt lake boron deposits and magnesium borate deposits of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, China. In Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge (pp. 1123-1125). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.
Mianping Zheng (1997): An Introduction to Saline Lakes on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. Kluwer Academic Publishers (Dordrecht, NL), 319 pp.
Dapeng Sun (1991): Journal of Mineralogy and Petrology 12(4), 57-65; Shaoxiu Yang (1991): Journal of Lake Sciences 3(1), 1-10; Garrett, D.E. (1998): Borates: Handbook of deposits, processing, properties, and use. Academic Press (San Diego, London), 491 pp.
      • Golmud Co. (Ge'ermu Co.)
Dongsheng Hu (1990): Scientia Geologica Sinica 3(7), 259-268; Yingkai Xiao, Wiguo Liu, Yinmin Zhou, and Yunhui Wang (2000): Chinese Journal of Oceanology and Limnology 18(2), 169-177
      • Lenghu Co.
Shaoxiu Yang (1991): Journal of Lake Sciences 3(1), 1-10; Xiyu Zheng (1994): Journal of Lake Sciences 6(3), 267-275; Mianping Zheng (1997): An Introduction to Saline Lakes on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. Kluwer Academic Publishers (Dordrecht, NL), 319 pp.
Shaoxiu Yang (1991): Journal of Lake Sciences 3(1), 1-10
      • Mangnai Co. (Mangya Co.)
Xiyu Zheng (1994): Journal of Lake Sciences 6(3), 267-275
Mianping Zheng (1997): An Introduction to Saline Lakes on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. Kluwer Academic Publishers (Dordrecht, NL), 319 pp.
Shaoxiu Yang (1991): Journal of Lake Sciences 3(1), 1-10
Shaoxiu Yang (1991): Journal of Lake Sciences 3(1), 1-10
  • Shanxi Province
    • Yuncheng Prefecture
      • Yanhu District
Li Xia and Li Jingying (1998): Journal of Xi'an Engineering University 20(1).
  • Tibet Autonomous Region
    • Nagchu Prefecture (Naqu Prefecture)
      • Baingoin Co. (Bange Co.)
Xiyu Zheng and Shengsong Yu (1981): Scientia Geographica Sinica 1(1), 66-76; Shaoxiu Yang (1991): Journal of Lake Sciences 3(1), 1-10; Xiyu Zheng (1994): Journal of Lake Sciences 6(3), 267-275; Yu, G., Harrison, S.P., and Xue, B. (2001): Lake status records from China: Data Base Documentation. MPI-BGC Technology Report No. 4, pp. 157-161; Yuanyi Zhao, Mianping Zheng, Xingong Cai, Pingjia Zhao, Wen Zhao, Yunwu Wang, and Xu Ma (2004): Geological Bulletin of China 23(7), 680-685
      • Nyima Co. (Nima Co.)
Qian Wu, Mianping Zheng, Zhen Nie, and Lingzhong Bu (2013): Chinese Journal of Inorganic Chemistry 29(1), 36-44
Xifang Liu and Mianping Zheng (2010): Acta Geologica Sinica 89(11), 1601-1612
Xiyu Zheng and Shengsong Yu (1981): Scientia Geographica Sinica 1(1), 66-76; Shaoxiu Yang (1991): Journal of Lake Sciences 3(1), 1-10; Xiyu Zheng (1994): Journal of Lake Sciences 6(3), 267-275
Shaoxiu Yang (1991): Journal of Lake Sciences 3(1), 1-10
        • Rongma township
Xiyu Zheng and Shengsong Yu (1981): Scientia Geographica Sinica 1(1), 66-76; Shaoxiu Yang (1991): Journal of Lake Sciences 3(1), 1-10
      • Shuanghu Co.
Xiyu Zheng and Shengsong Yu (1981): Scientia Geographica Sinica 1(1), 66-76; Shaoxiu Yang (1991): Journal of Lake Sciences 3(1), 1-10
Xiyu Zheng and Shengsong Yu (1981): Scientia Geographica Sinica 1(1), 66-76; Shaoxiu Yang (1991): Journal of Lake Sciences 3(1), 1-10
    • Ngari Prefecture
      • Coqên Co. (Cuoqin Co.)
Xiyu Zheng (1994): Journal of Lake Sciences 6(3), 267-275
      • Gar Co. (Ga'er Co.)
Xiyu Zheng and Shengsong Yu (1981): Scientia Geographica Sinica 1(1), 66-76; Shaoxiu Yang (1991): Journal of Lake Sciences 3(1), 1-10
      • Gê'gyai Co. (Geji Co.)
Xiyu Zheng and Shengsong Yu (1981): Scientia Geographica Sinica 1(1), 66-76; Mianping Zheng and Wengao Liu (1982): Geological Review 28(3), 263-266; Zheng Xiyu (1984): Chinese Journal of Oceanology and Limnology 2(2), 218-226; Shaoxiu Yang (1991): Journal of Lake Sciences 3(1), 1-10; Yu, G., Harrison, S.P., and Xue, B. (2001): MPI-BGC Technology Report No. 4, pp. 191-195; Xifang Liu and Mianping Zheng (2010): Acta Geologica Sinica 89(11), 1601-1612
Xiyu Zheng and Shengsong Yu (1981): Scientia Geographica Sinica 1(1), 66-76; Shaoxiu Yang (1991): Journal of Lake Sciences 3(1), 1-10
Xiyu Zheng and Shengsong Yu (1981): Scientia Geographica Sinica 1(1), 66-76; Shaoxiu Yang (1991): Journal of Lake Sciences 3(1), 1-10; Xifang Liu and Mianping Zheng (2010): Acta Geologica Sinica 89(11), 1601-1612
Shaoxiu Yang (1991): Journal of Lake Sciences 3(1), 1-10
      • Gêrzê Co. (Gaize Co.)
Xiyu Zheng and Shengsong Yu (1981): Scientia Geographica Sinica 1(1), 66-76; Shaoxiu Yang (1991): Journal of Lake Sciences 3(1), 1-10; Xiyu Zheng (1994): Journal of Lake Sciences 6(3), 267-275; Lejun Wei, Mianping Zheng, Keqin Cai, and Wensheng Ge (2002): Earth Science Frontiers 9(1), 129-135; Lejun Wei, Mianping Zheng, Xifang Liu, Keqin Cai, and Zhen Nie (2002): Acta Geologica Sinica 76(3), 271-282
Shaoxiu Yang (1991): Journal of Lake Sciences 3(1), 1-10
      • Rutog Co. (Ritu Co.)
Junfeng Yang, Xiaofeng Cui, Shuwei Lu, and Qiusheng Li (2005): Xinjiang Geology 23(1), 59-63
    • Xigazê Prefecture (Rikaze Prefecture; Shigatse Prefecture)
      • Zhongba Co.
Xiyu Zheng and Shengsong Yu (1981): Scientia Geographica Sinica 1(1), 66-76; Shaoxiu Yang (1991): Journal of Lake Sciences 3(1), 1-10; Wen Qi and Mianping Zheng (1995): Journal of Lake Sciences 7(2), 133-140; Yu, G., Harrison, S.P., and Xue, B. (2001): MPI-BGC Technology Report No. 4, pp. 183-190; Mianping Zheng, Heran Yuan, Junying Liu, Yanhe Li, Zhibang Ma, and Qing Sun (2007): Acta Geologica Sinica 81(12), 1608-1617
Minghui Li, Shichang Kang, Mianping Zheng, and Lingzhong Bu (2007): Geological Journal of China Universities 13(1), 35-42; Minghui Li, Shichang Kang, Lingzhong Bu, and Mianping Zheng (2007): Acta Sedimentologica Sinica 25(4), 619-625
  • Xinjiang Autonomous Region
    • Bayin'gholin Autonomous Prefecture (Bayingolin Autonomous Prefecture; Bayinguoleng Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Ruoqiang Co. (Qakilik Co.; Chaqiliq Co.)
Chenglin Liu, Pengcheng Jiao, Yongzhi Chen, and Mili Wang (2008): Acta Geoscientia Sinica 30(4), 397-404
    • Bo'ertala Autonomous Prefecture (Börtala Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Jinghe Co. (Jing Co.)
Bingxiao Li (1992): Journal of Lake Sciences 4(1), 48-55; Yanling Tang (2005): Non-metallic mineral deposits of Xinjiang, China [Zhongguo Xinjiang Fei Jinshu Kuangchuang]. Geological Publishing House (Beijing), 289 pp.
    • Hami Prefecture (Kumul Prefecture; Qumul Prefecture)
      • Barkol Co. (Barköl Co.; Balikun Co.)
Wei Dongyan, Liu Zhermin, Deng Xiaoling, and Xu Shaokang (1992): Proceedings of the 29th International Geological Congress (Kyoto, August 24 - September 3, 1992).; Bingxiao Li (1992): Journal of Lake Sciences 4(1), 48-55
      • Hami Co. (Kumul Co.; Qumul Co.)
Bingxiao Li (1992): Journal of Lake Sciences 4(1), 48-55; Yanling Tang (2005): Non-metallic mineral deposits of Xinjiang, China [Zhongguo Xinjiang Fei Jinshu Kuangchuang]. Geological Publishing House (Beijing), 289 pp.
    • Hetian Prefecture (Khotan Prefecture; Hotan Prefecture; Hoten Prefecture)
      • Minfeng Co. (Niye Co.; Niya Co.)
Bingxiao Li (1992): Journal of Lake Sciences 4(1), 48-55
    • Tulufan Prefecture (Turfan Prefecture; Turpan Prefecture)
      • Tulufan Co. (Turfan Co.; Turpan Co.)
        • Turfan basin (Turpan basin)
Bingxiao Li (1992): Journal of Lake Sciences 4(1), 48-55; Yu, G., Harrison, S.P., and Xue, B. (2001): MPI-BGC Technology Report No. 4, pp. 100-103
Yanling Tang (2005): Non-metallic deposits of Xinjiang, China [Zhongguo Xinjiang Fei Jinshu Kuangchuang]. Geological Publishing House (Beijing), 289 pp.
    • Wulumuqi Prefecture (Ürümqi Prefecture; Ürümchi Prefecture)
      • Dabancheng District
Yanling Tang (2005): Non-metallic deposits of Xinjiang, China [Zhongguo Xinjiang Fei Jinshu Kuangchuang]. Geological Publishing House (Beijing), 289 pp.
Bingxiao Li (1992): Journal of Lake Sciences 4(1), 48-55
Bingxiao Li (1992): Journal of Lake Sciences 4(1), 48-55
      • Midong District
Bingxiao Li (1992): Journal of Lake Sciences 4(1), 48-55; Yanling Tang (2005): Non-metallic mineral deposits of Xinjiang, China [Zhongguo Xinjiang Fei Jinshu Kuangchuang]. Geological Publishing House (Beijing), 289 pp.
    • Yili Hasake Autonomous Prefecture (Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Tacheng Prefecture (Tarbaghatay Prefecture)
        • Hebukesai'er Co. (Hoboksar Co.; Kobuksar Co.; Qobuqsar Co.)
Bingxiao Li (1992): Journal of Lake Sciences 4(1), 48-55; Yu, G., Harrison, S.P., and Xue, B. (2001): MPI-BGC Technology Report No. 4, pp. 137-145
  • Yunnan Province
    • Kunming Prefecture
      • Anning Co.
        • Anning basin
Kamitani, M., Okumura, K., Teraoka, Y., Miyano, S., and Watanabe, Y. (2007): Mineral Resources Map of East Asia. Geological Survey of Japan
    • Xishuangbanna Autonomous Prefecture
      • Mengla Co.
Kamitani, M., Okumura, K., Teraoka, Y., Miyano, S., and Watanabe, Y. (2007): Mineral Resources Map of East Asia. Geological Survey of Japan
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Karlovy Vary Region
      • Karlovy Vary (Karlsbad; Carlsbad)
Cílek, V., Vylita, T., Filippi, M.: Mineralogie karlovarské vřídelní desky a jejího podloží. Minerál, 2006, 14, 1, 3-10.
    • Ústí Region
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 441.
  • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
    • Moravia-Silesia Region
      • Ostrava
        • Odra Mine (after 1995)
Maštalíř V. (1926-1928) Recentní nerosty z karvinských dolů. Sborník přírodovědného spolku v Moravské Ostravě, 4, 183-190.
Egypt
 
  • Western Desert
Marchesini, M. & Barresi, A. (2009): I minerali di Wadi natrun, Deserto Occidentale, Egitto, Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 4/2009, 228-258.
France
 
  • Grand Est
    • Haut-Rhin
      • Ste Marie-aux-Mines (Markirch)
P&T N°23-24, H. BARI 1982, Minéralogie des filons du Neuenberg à Sainte Marie aux Mines (Haut-Rhin).
          • Sankt Jakob vein
Sarp, H., Deferne, J., Liebich, B. W. (1981): La mcnearite, NaCa5H4(AsO4)5•4H2O, un nouvel arséniate hydraté de calcium et de sodium. Schweizerische Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen 61, 1-6; Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997
  • Occitanie
    • Ariège
      • Tarascon-sur-Ariège
        • Arignac
D. DESCOUENS (1984) - Les Mines de gypse d'Arnave et Arignac - Monde et Minéraux, 62, pp 16-17
    • Pyrénées-Orientales
      • Canaveilles
Lacroix, A. (1910): Minéralogie de la France et de ses colonies, Librairie Polytechnique, Ch. Béranger Editeur, Tome IV, 163.
Germany
 
  • Hesse
    • Werra valley
      • Heringen
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
      • Phillippsthal
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
  • Lower Saxony
    • Celle
      • Hänigsen
Bode "Mineralien und Fundstellen BRD" from 1989 ISBN 3-925094-24-5 Pg.9
      • Wathlingen
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
    • Lüneburg
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
  • Mecklenburg-West Pomerania
    • Neubrandenburg
      • Friedland
A. Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", Schweizerbart (Stuttgart), 2001
  • Saarland
    • Saarlouis
      • Rammelfangen
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
  • Saxony-Anhalt
    • Halle
      • Teutschenthal
Witzke, T. & Denk, M. (2011): Eine temporäre Mirabilit-Mineralisation bei Teutschenthal, Sachsen-Anhalt. Aufschluss 62, 353-360.
  • Saxony
    • Dresden
Thalheim, K.; Reichel, W. & Witzke, T. (1991): Die Minerale des Döhlener Beckens.- Schriften des Staatlichen Museums für Mineralogie und Geologie zu Dresden, Nr. 3
Hungary
 
  • Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén Co.
    • Rudabányai Mts
      • Alsótelekes
www.minerals- of-the- carpathians.eu (Editor:Szakáll)
  • Nógrád Co.
    • Cserhát Mts
Geoda - Journal of the Hungarian Friends of Minerals, 2007 august.
India
 
  • Rajasthan (Rajputana)
    • Ajmer Division
Sinha, R., & Smykatz-Kloss, W. (2003). Thermal characterization of lacustrine dolomites from the Sambhar Lake playa, Thar desert, India. Journal of thermal analysis and calorimetry, 71(3), 739-750.
Italy
 
  • Campania
    • Naples Province
      • Somma-Vesuvius Complex
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 441.
    • Phlegrean Volcanic Complex
      • Naples Province
        • Phlegrean Fields
          • Pozzuoli
Sinno R. – (1957) Trona, thenardite e mirabilite nei Campi Flegrei. Periodico di Mineralogia – Roma pp. 1-12.
  • Sicily
    • Agrigento Province (Girgenti Province)
      • Racalmuto
        • Racalmuto saliferous deposit
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 441.
    • Catania Province
      • Etna Volcanic Complex
        • Mt Etna
www.cse.speleo.it
    • Messina Province
      • Eolie Islands (Aeolian Islands)
        • Lipari
          • Vulcano Island
COSSA A. (1878): Ricerche chimiche su minerali e rocce dell’Isola di Vulcano - Memorie R. Acc. Naz. Lincei – serie 3 – 2, 14 pp.
  • Tuscany
    • Siena Province
      • Chiusdino
Mineralogical Record, 15 (1), 27-36.; Menchetti, S., Batoni, M., Batacchi, C., Borselli, G., Brogi, A., Ceccantini, L., Fassina, B., Marchesini, M., Rossellini, A. & Ruggieri, G. (2015): Le Cetine di Cotorniano. Miniera e minerali. Associazione Micro-Mineralogica Italiana, Cremona, 354 p.
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Tohoku region
      • Akita prefecture
        • Odate
Dr. Kameki Kinoshita collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
Kazakhstan
 
  • Atyrau Province (Atyrau Oblysy; Atyrau Oblast')
    • Atyrau (Gur'yev)
Pekov, I. V. & Abramov, D. V. (1993): Boron deposit of the Inder and its minerals. World of Stones, 1, 23-30.
Madagascar
 
  • Antananarivo Province
    • Vakinankaratra Region
Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Mexico
 
  • Chihuahua
    • Mun. de Aquiles Serdán
      • Santa Eulalia District
        • East Camp
Megaw, P.K.M., 1990b, Geology and geochemistry of the Santa Eulalia mining district, Chihuahua, Mexico.: Unpublished Ph.D. Thesis, Univ. of Arizona, 549 p
Netherlands
 
  • Limburg
    • Brunssum
T.G. Nijland, J.C. Zwaan, D. Visser, J. Leloux - De mineralen van Nederland - 2007
New Zealand
 
  • North Island
    • Bay of Plenty
R.MARTIN, K.A.RODGERS, P.R.L.BROWNE The nature and significance of sulphate-rich, aluminous efflorescences from the Te Kopia geothermal field, Taupo Volcanic Zone, New Zealand. Mineralogical Magazine, June 1999, Vol. 63(3), pp. 413-419
    • Waikato
      • Taupo
        • Orakeikorako Thermal Area
Rod Martin, Minerals of Ruatapu Cave, Orakei Korako, Taupo Volcanic Zone. Essence of Microscope (NZ)
Norway
 
  • Buskerud
    • Kongsberg
      • Kongsberg Silver Mining District
        • Overberget Mining Field
Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68. p. 111; Larsen, A.O. (1982): Mirabilitt fra Kongsberg. in Geologisk Museum. Interne notater 1961-1990. Published by Geologisk Museums Venner, Oslo 1991, p 100.
Nordrum, F.S.(1995): Mineralfunn på Kongsberg etter nedleggelsen av Sølvverket. Bergverksmuseets skrift nr 9 ,42-47
  • Nordland
    • Ballangen
      • Råna
Bøe, P. (1998): Utfellinger av natriumsulfatene mirabilitt og thenarditt i Ballangen, Ofoten, knyttet til Rånagabbroen. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift 14: 64-68
Poland
 
  • Małopolskie
    • Bochnia
Dudek, K., Kalicińska, A., Rybowicz, P., Wiewiórka, J. (2014): Secondary evaporite minerals from the historic Bochnia Salt Mine. Mineralogia Special Papers: 42: 49
    • Wieliczka
Wiewiórka J. 1972: Wtórny mirabilit z Wieliczki. Spraw. z Pos. Kom. PAN Oddz. w Krakowie T. 15/1
  • Upper Silesia (Śląskie)
    • Upper Silesian Coal Basin
      • Rybnik Coal Area
        • Radlin
Łukasz Kruszewski (2012) Unique chloride assemblage of exhalative origin from burning coal-mining dump in Radlin (Rybnik Coal Area, S Poland). Mineralogical Society of Poland Special Papers 40
Romania
 
  • Bistrița-Năsăud Co.
    • Rodna Mtn (Rodnei Mtn)
  • Brăila Co.
    • Brăila
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 441.
Russia
 
  • Central Region
    • Moscow Oblast' (Moskovskaya Oblast')
Pekin, A. (2011) Minerals of Moscow. Russian Journal of General Chemistry. Jun2011, Vol. 81 Issue 6, p1381-1391.
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Krasnoyarsk Territory (Krasnoyarsk Kray; Krasnoyarskii Krai)
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 441.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 441.
  • Volga Region
    • Astrakhan' Oblast'
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 441.
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Detva Co.
      • Vígľašská Huta - Kalinka
Koděra et all.,1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, I-III, 1590p
Spain
 
  • Castile-La Mancha
    • Toledo
      • Villarrubia de Santiago (Ocaña)
Calvo, M. (2014). Minerales y Minas de España. Vol VI. Sulfatos (Seleniatos, Teluratos), Cromatos, Molibdatos y Wolframatos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid. Fundación Gómez Pardo. 653 págs.
  • La Rioja
No reference listed
  • Madrid
    • Ciempozuelos
- González del Tánago, Ch. and González del Tánago, J. (2002). Minerales y minas de Madrid
    • Villaconejos
Calvo, M. (2013). Las aguas minerales y sales purgantes naturales españolas. Algunas notas históricas. Botetín del Instituto Geológico y Minero de España. 124, 451-475.
Switzerland
 
  • Aargau
    • Birmenstorf
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 277.
  • Vaud (Waadt)
    • Bex
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 277.
Tajikistan
 
  • Viloyati Khatlon
    • Kuljabskij Raion (Kulyabskaya)
      • Kamysh-Kurgan
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 441.
Turkey
 
  • Central Anatolia Region
    • Ankara Province
Ortı́, F., Gündogan, I., & Helvaci, C. (2002). Sodium sulphate deposits of Neogene age: the Kirmir formation, Beypazari basin, Turkey. Sedimentary Geology, 146(3), 305-333.
    • Niğde Province
Altay, T., Karakaya, M.Ç., and Murat, A. (2010): Goldschmidt Conference Abstracts 2010.
Turkmenistan
 
  • Balkan Province
John K. Warren, Evaporites through time: Tectonic, climatic and eustatic controls in marine and nonmarine deposits, Earth-Science Reviews, Volume 98, Issues 3–4, February 2010, Pages 217-268, ; Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 449.
UK
 
  • England
    • Cumbria
      • Vale of Eden
[Specimen in the Natural History Museum, London]
Ukraine
 
  • Crimea Oblast'
    • Crimea peninsula
      • Krasnoperekopsk Area
Geologiya SSSR. Poleznye iskopaemye (The geology of USSR. Commercial mineral) - Nedra (Moscou), 1974, vol. VIII, 205 p.
Geologiya SSSR. Poleznye iskopaemye (The geology of USSR. Commercial mineral)- Nedra (Moscou), 1974, vol. VIII, 205 p.
  • L'viv Oblast' (Lviv Oblast'; Lwiw Oblast')
    • Drohobych
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 443.
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Yavapai Co.
      • Camp Verde District
[MinRec 14:90]
MRDS database Dep. ID #10062403, MRDS ID #TC35800.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 300, 395; Guild, F.N. (1910), Mineralogy of Arizona; Silliman, B. (1881), Mineralogical Notes, Amer.Jour.Sci.: 22:198-205; Blake, W.P. (1890), Mineralogical notes, Amer.Jour.Sci.: 39:43-45; Peirce, H.W. (1969), Salines, in Mineral and water resources of AZ, AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 180: 417-424; Thompson, J.R. (1983), Camp Verde evaporites, Min.Rec.: 14:85-90; Univ. of AZ Bull. 41 (1916-17), Mineralogy of Useful Minerals in AZ: 45; Galbraith, F.W. & Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 59.
  • California
    • Imperial Co.
      • Bertram
        • Bertram siding
Ver Planck, Wm. E., Jr. (1954), Salines in southern California: California Division Mines Bulletin 170, ch. VIII: 5-14; Morton, Paul K. (1977), Geology and Mineral Resources of Imperial County, California, County Report 7, California Division of Mines and Geology: 84-85.
Tucker, W. Burling (1924a), Imperial, Inyo, Kern, Los Angeles, Riverside, San Bernardino, San Diego, Ventura Counties: California Mining Bureau. Report 20: 87; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 267.
    • Inyo Co.
      • Deep Springs Valley
Vítek, P., Jehlicka, J., & Edwards, H. G. (2013). Practical considerations for the field application of miniaturized portable Raman instrumentation for the identification of minerals. Applied spectroscopy, 67(7), 767-778.
      • Furnace Creek District (Furnace Creek Borate District; Death Valley Area Borate Deposits; Ryan area)
        • Ryan
Am Min 64:3-4 pp 369-375; Erd, R.C., J.F. McAllister, and G.D. Eberlein (1979) New data on hungchaoite, the second world occurrence, Death Valley region, California. American Mineralogist: 64: 369-375.
      • Owens Valley
        • Olancha
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 441.
    • Kern Co.
      • Kramer District (Kramer Borate District)
        • Boron
Morgan, V. and Erd, R.C. (1969) Minerals of the Kramer borate district, California California Division of Mines and Geology Mineral Information Service: 22(9&10): 165, 169; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 280.
Smith, George Irving, Hy Almond, & D.L. Sawyer, Jr. (1958), Sassolite from the Kramer borate district, California: American Mineralogist: 43: 1074; Pemberton, H. Earl, Wm. Moller, Jack Schwartz & George Masimer (1960), The minerals of Boron, California, 40 pp. (Published by the Mineral Research Society of California, Montebello, CA): 38; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 267.
    • Mono Co.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 441.
    • Napa Co.
      • Knoxville District
        • Knoxville
Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 267.
    • San Bernardino Co.
      • Chemehuevi Valley
Graeff, F.W. (1910), Nitrate deposits of southern California: Engineering & Mining Journal: 90: 173; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 267.
De Groot, Henry (1890), The Searles borax marsh: California Mining Bureau. Report 10: 534; Smith, George Irving & D.V. Haines (1964), Character and distribution of nonclastic minerals in the Searles Lake evaporite deposit, California: USGS Bulletin 1181-P: 30; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 280; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 441.; Gale, Hoyt Stoddard (1915), Mineralogy of the Searles Lake deposits in Salines in the Owens, Searles, and Panamint basins, southeastern California: USGS Bulletin 580: 296-308
    • San Luis Obispo Co.
      • Carrizo Plain
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 441.
        • Soda Lake area
Gale, Hoyt Stoddard (1914e), Sodium sulphate in the Carrizo Plain, San Luis Obispo County, California: USGS Bulletin 540: 428-433; Franke, Herbert A. (1935a), Mines and mineral resources of San Luis Obispo County, California: California Division Mines Report 31: 455; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 280.
  • Colorado
    • Clear Creek Co.
      • Georgetown District
        • Illinois Mine
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
    • Delta Co.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
    • El Paso Co.
      • Manitou District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
    • Jefferson Co.
      • Evergreen District (Malachite District)
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
    • Mesa Co.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
    • Teller Co.
      • Cripple Creek District
        • Anaconda
Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
  • Hawaii
    • Hawaii Co. (Hawaii Island)
      • Kau Desert
www.routledge-ny.com/ref/caves/hawaii.pdf
Hon, K., Bove, D.J., Lee, L., and Thornber, C., 2009, The origin and zonation of sublimates and precipitates in active Hawaiian lava tubes: Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 41, no. 7, p.193.
Anderson (1994) Kentucky Geol. Survey Ser. XI Spec. Pub 20
    • Edmonson Co.
      • Mammoth Cave National Park
  • Michigan
    • Dickinson Co.
Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
    • Houghton Co.
      • Houghton
Rocks & Min.:58:109.
  • Nevada
    • Churchill Co.
      • Soda Lake District
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 441; NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada.
    • Clark Co.
      • Muddy Mts
        • Muddy Mountains District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Spring Mts
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 441; Rocks & Minerals, Nov. 1999
    • Lyon Co.
      • Mason Valley
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 441; NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada.
    • Mineral Co.
NBMG Bull 58 Geology and Mineral Resources of Mineral County, Nevada
    • Pershing Co.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 441.
  • New Mexico
    • Catron Co.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
    • Doña Ana Co.
      • White Sands National Monument
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
    • Eddy and Lea Counties
Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd. rev. ed. (1996)
    • Eddy Co.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
    • Otero Co.
2008 New Mexico Mineral Symposium abstracts
      • Tularosa District
        • Valmont
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 441.
    • Torrance Co.
Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd Rev. Ed., 1996
  • North Dakota
    • Divide Co.
      • Alkabo
https://www.dmr.nd.gov/ndgs/Mineral/nd_saltnew.asp
https://www.dmr.nd.gov/ndgs/Mineral/nd_saltnew.asp
    • Mountrail Co.
      • Palermo
Geology of Mountrail County, North Dakota. Bulletin (North Dakota Geological Survey) ;, 55, pt. 4.
Geology of Mountrail County, North Dakota. Bulletin (North Dakota Geological Survey) ;, 55, pt. 4.
  • Pennsylvania
www.libraries.psu.edu/emsl/guides/X/delaware.htm.
  • South Dakota
    • Custer Co.
http://windcave.areaparks.com/parkinfo.html?pid=17374
  • Utah
    • Box Elder Co.
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
        • South Arm
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    • Davis Co.
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
    • Salt Lake Co.
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
    • Tooele Co.
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
  • Washington
    • Grant Co.
      • Warden
W. A. G. Bennett, 1962, Saline Lake Deposits in Washington, Bulletin 49, State of Washington Division of Mines and Geology, pg. 12
Bennett, W. A. G. (1962), Saline Lake Deposits in Washington, Bulletin 49, State of Washington Division of Mines and Geology.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 441; www.dnr.wa.gov/geology/okanogan.htm.
      • Oroville District
        • Oroville
No reference listed
  • Wyoming
    • Albany Co.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 441.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 441.
Osterwald, F. W. and D. B. Osterwald (1952) Wyoming Mineral Resources. Wyoming Geological Survey Bulletin 45
Osterwald, F. W. and D. B. Osterwald (1952) Wyoming Mineral Resources. Wyoming Geological Survey Bulletin 45
Osterwald, F. W. and D. B. Osterwald (1952) Wyoming Mineral Resources. Wyoming Geological Survey Bulletin 45
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 441.; Osterwald, F. W. and D. B. Osterwald (1952) Wyoming Mineral Resources. Wyoming Geological Survey Bulletin 45
    • Carbon Co.
Osterwald, F. W. and D. B. Osterwald (1952) Wyoming Mineral Resources. Wyoming Geological Survey Bulletin 45
    • Natrona Co.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 441.
      • Sweetwater Valley
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 441.
Mineral and/or Locality  
Mindat.org is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization.
Copyright © mindat.org and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2017, except where stated. Mindat.org relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us Current server date and time: December 12, 2017 10:21:03 Page generated: December 9, 2017 18:00:07
Go to top of page