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Vurroite

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Formula:
Pb20Sn2(Bi,As)22S54Cl6
Colour:
Silver gray
Lustre:
Metallic
Specific Gravity:
6.15 (Calculated)
Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Name:
Named by Anna Garavelli, Nadezhda N. Mozgova, Paolo Orlandi, Elena Bonaccorsi, Daniela Pinto, Yves Moelo, and Yuri S. Borodaev in 2005 in honor of Filippo Vurro (2 July 1940, Bari, Italy - ), professor of mineralogy, University of Bari, for his work on the mineralogy and geochemistry of modern volcanic deposits.
Acicular crystals


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Classification of VurroiteHide

Approved
Approval Year:
2003
2.JB.65

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
J : Sulfosalts of PbS archetype
B : Galena derivatives, with Pb
3.6.21.

3 : SULFOSALTS
6 : 2 < ø < 2.49

Physical Properties of VurroiteHide

Metallic
Transparency:
Opaque
Colour:
Silver gray
Density:
6.15 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of VurroiteHide

Type:
Anisotropic
Anisotropism:
weak
Colour in reflected light:
White
Pleochroism:
Not Visible

Chemical Properties of VurroiteHide

Formula:
Pb20Sn2(Bi,As)22S54Cl6

Crystallography of VurroiteHide

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Cell Parameters:
a = 45.824 Å, b = 8.368 Å, c = 53.99 Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 5.476 : 1 : 6.452
Unit Cell V:
20702 ų
Z:
8

Type Occurrence of VurroiteHide

General Appearance of Type Material:
Acicular crystals
Place of Conservation of Type Material:
Mineralogical museum, University of Bari, Italy.
Geological Setting of Type Material:
High temperature fumaroles.

Synonyms of VurroiteHide

Other Language Names for VurroiteHide

German:Vurroit
Simplified Chinese:氯硫铋锡铅矿
Traditional Chinese:氯硫鉍錫鉛礦

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.JB.Andorite VIAgPbSb3S6Orth. mm2 : Pmn21
2.JB.05DiaphoriteAg3Pb2Sb3S8Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.JB.10CosalitePb2Bi2S5Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.JB.15FreieslebeniteAgPbSbS3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.JB.15MarriteAgPbAsS3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.JB.20CannizzaritePb48Bi56S132Mon. 2/m : P21/m
2.JB.20WittitePb9Bi12(S,Se)27Mon.
2.JB.25aJunoiteCu2Pb3Bi8(S,Se)16Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.25iNeyiteAg2Cu6Pb25Bi26S68Mon.
2.JB.25cNordströmiteCuPb3Bi7(Se4S10)Mon.
2.JB.25gNuffielditeCu1.4Pb2.4Bi2.4Sb0.2S7Orth.
2.JB.25dProuditeCuPb7.5Bi9.33(S,Se)22Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.25hWeibullitePb5Bi8Se7S11Orth.
2.JB.25bFelbertaliteCu2Pb6Bi8S19Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.25jRouxeliteCu2HgPb23Sb27S65.5Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.25fÁngelaiteCu2AgPbBiS4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
2.JB.25iCuproneyiteCu7Pb27Bi25S68Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.30aGeocronitePb14(Sb,As)6S23Mon. 2/m : P21/m
2.JB.30aJordanitePb14(As,Sb)6S23Mon. 2/m : P21/m
2.JB.30bKirkiitePb10Bi3As3S19Mon. 2/m : P21/m
2.JB.30cTsugaruitePb4As2S7Orth.
2.JB.35cPillaitePb9Sb10S23ClO0.5Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.35aZinkenitePb9Sb22S42Hex. 6 : P63
2.JB.35bScainiitePb14Sb30S54O5Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.35dPellouxite(Cu,Ag)Pb10Sb12S27O(Cl,S)0.6Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.35fTubuliteAg2Pb22Sb20S53 Mon. m : Pb
2.JB.35eChovanitePb15-2xSb14+2xS36Ox (x ~ 0.2)Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.40bAschamalmitePb6Bi2S9Mon. 2/m
2.JB.40aBursaitePb5Bi4S11 (?)Orth.
2.JB.40bEskimoiteAg7Pb10Bi15S36Mon.
2.JB.40aFizélyiteAg5Pb14Sb21S48 Mon. 2/m
2.JB.40aGustaviteAgPbBi3S6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.JB.40aLillianitePb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.JB.40cOurayiteAg3Pb4Bi5S13Orth.
2.JB.40aRamdohritePb5.9Fe0.1Mn0.1In0.1Cd0.2Ag2.8Sb10.8S24Mon. 2/m
2.JB.40aRoshchiniteAg19Pb10Sb51S96Orth.
2.JB.40dSchirmeritePbAgBi3S6 - Pb3Ag1.5Bi3.5S9Orth.
2.JB.40aTreasuriteAg7Pb6Bi15S32Mon.
2.JB.40aUchucchacuaiteAgMnPb3Sb5S12Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmm
2.JB.40eUstarasitePb(Bi,Sb)6S10 (?)
2.JB.40aVikingiteAg5Pb8Bi13S30Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.40aXilingolitePb3Bi2S6Mon.
2.JB.40bHeyrovskýitePb6Bi2S9Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cccm
2.JB.40UM1988-05-S:AgBiCuHgPb(Hg,Ag,Cu,Pb)5Pb5Bi11S27
2.JB.40UM1988-06-S:AgBiCuHgPb(Pb,Hg)12(Cu,Ag)3(Bi,Sb)10(S,Te)27
2.JB.40aAndorite IVPb18Ag15Sb47S96Mon. 2 : P2
2.JB.55GratonitePb9As4S15Trig. 3m : R3m
2.JB.60MarrucciiteHg3Pb16Sb18S46Mon. 2/m : B2/m

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for VurroiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Garavelli, A., Mozgova, N.N., Orlandi, P., Bonaccorsi, E., Pinto, D., Borodaev, Yu.S. (2005) Rare sulfosalts from Vulcano, Aeolian Islands, Italy. VI. Vurroite, Pb20Sn2(Bi,As)22S54Cl6, a new mineral species. The Canadian Mineralogist: 42: 703-711.
Pinto, D., Bonaccorsi, E., Makovicky, E., Balić-Žunić, T. (2005) Order-disorder, polytypes and twinning in the crystal structure of vurroite. XX Congress of the International Union of Crystallography Florence 2005, vol. Abstract, 2005, C49-C49.
Pinto, D. (2005) Mineralogy, crystal-chemistry and structures of sulfosalts from Vulcano (Aeolian Islands, Italy): Ag-free lillianite, Cl-bearing galenobismutite, kirkiite and the new mineral vurroite. Plinius: 31: 197-202.
Pinto, D., Bonaccorsi, E., Balić-Žunić, T., Makovicky, E. (2008) The crystal structure of vurroite: OD-character, polytypism, twinning, and modular description. American Mineralogist: 93: 713-727.

Internet Links for VurroiteHide

Localities for VurroiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Italy (TL)
 
  • Sicily
    • Messina Province
      • Eolie Islands (Aeolian Islands)
        • Lipari
          • Vulcano Island
GARAVELLI A., MOZGOVA N.N., ORLANDI P., BONACCORSI E., PINTO D., MOËLO Y., BORODAEV Y. (2005): Rare sulfosalts from Vulcano, Aeolian Islands, Italy. - VI. Vurroite, Pb20Sn2(Bi,As)22S54Cl6, a new mineral species. - Canadian Mineralogist - 43, 703-711.
Russia
 
  • Far-Eastern Region
    • Kamchatka Oblast'
Bonaccorsi, E., Garavelli, A., Moelo, Y., Pinto, D., Vurro, F., & Zelensky, M. (2006). Secondo rinvenimento di vurroite: la Cd-vurroite del vulcano Mutnovsky (Kamchatka, Russia). 85° congresso SIMP, Fluminimaggiore, 27-30 settembre 2006. M. Zelenski personal communication
Mineral and/or Locality  
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