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Alternative formula based on data obtained by Mills et al. (2016) for 3C and 6R polytypes:
Crystal System:
For the locality
Formerly called elsmoreite (if chemically pure) or ferritungstite (Fe-bearing variety, with W>Fe) or alumotungstite (Al-bearing variety; W>Al).

V- and Cr-rich varieties with black colour are known from the Clara mine, Black Forest.

See also jixianite.

The recent crystallochemical data (Mills et al., 2016) was obtained basing on material ("elsmoreite", formerly known as "ferritungstite") from Hemerdon mine (now Drakelands mine) in Devon, UK. The 3C and 6R polytypes were recognized. For the second polytype info see 'hydrokenoelsmoreite-6R'.

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Classification of HydrokenoelsmoreiteHide

Approval Year:

4 : OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodates)
D : Metal: Oxygen = 1:2 and similar
H : With large (+- medium-sized) cations; sheets of edge-sharing octahedra

Physical Properties of HydrokenoelsmoreiteHide

None Observed

Optical Data of HydrokenoelsmoreiteHide

RI values:
n = 2.24
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.000 - Isotropic minerals have no birefringence
Surface Relief:
Very High
Optical and physical properties measured from synthetic material.

Chemical Properties of HydrokenoelsmoreiteHide


Alternative formula based on data obtained by Mills et al. (2016) for 3C and 6R polytypes:

Crystallography of HydrokenoelsmoreiteHide

Crystal System:
Class (H-M):
m3m (4/m 3 2/m) - Hexoctahedral
Space Group:
Cell Parameters:
a = 10.3065(3) Å
Unit Cell V:
1062.1 ų
3C polytype (from Mills et al., 2016; former a parameter: 10.203)

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
5.88 (100)
3.08 (62)
2.944 (78)
2.551 (12)
1.964 (17)
1.804 (23)
1.725 (14)
1.538 (14)
Similar to data for ferritungstite.

Type Occurrence of HydrokenoelsmoreiteHide

Synonyms of HydrokenoelsmoreiteHide

Other Language Names for HydrokenoelsmoreiteHide

Simplified Chinese:水钨石
Traditional Chinese:水鎢石

Varieties of HydrokenoelsmoreiteHide

FerritungstitePreviously considered to be an independent species, with the formula (K,Ca,Na)(W6+,Fe3+)2(O,OH)6.H2O (partial replacement of W6+ by Fe3+ charge-balanced by introduction of K+, Ca2+ and Na+ in voids of the structure), but later recognised to be only a ferr...

Relationship of Hydrokenoelsmoreite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
Hydroxykenoelsmoreite(□,Pb)2(W,Fe3+,Al)2(O,OH)6(OH)Trig. 3 : R3

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Ferberite6 photos of Hydrokenoelsmoreite associated with Ferberite on
Stolzite6 photos of Hydrokenoelsmoreite associated with Stolzite on
Scheelite4 photos of Hydrokenoelsmoreite associated with Scheelite on
Arsenopyrite2 photos of Hydrokenoelsmoreite associated with Arsenopyrite on
Apatite2 photos of Hydrokenoelsmoreite associated with Apatite on
Chalcophanite1 photo of Hydrokenoelsmoreite associated with Chalcophanite on
Tetrahedrite1 photo of Hydrokenoelsmoreite associated with Tetrahedrite on
Anthoinite1 photo of Hydrokenoelsmoreite associated with Anthoinite on
Meymacite1 photo of Hydrokenoelsmoreite associated with Meymacite on

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

4.DH.05Brannerite(U4+,REE,Th,Ca)(Ti,Fe3+,Nb)2(O,OH)6Mon. 2/m : B2/m
4.DH.15Bariomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.DH.15Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)A2-mB2X6-wY1+wIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.DH.15Bismutomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.DH.15Ceriopyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
4.DH.15JixianitePb(W,Fe3+)2(O,OH)7Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.DH.15Hydropyrochlore(H2O,□)2Nb2(O,OH)6(H2O)Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.DH.15Plumbopyrochlore (of Skorobogatova et al.)A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
4.DH.15Plumbomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)
4.DH.15Plumbobetafite (of Hogarth 1977)A2-mB2X6-wY1-n
4.DH.15Stibiomicrolite (of Groat et al.)
4.DH.15Strontiopyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
4.DH.15Stannomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)
4.DH.15Stibiobetafite (of Černý et al.)A2-mB2X6-wY1-nIso.
4.DH.15Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(U,Ca,Ce)2(Nb,Ta)2O6(OH,F)Iso.
4.DH.15Yttropyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
4.DH.15Fluornatromicrolite(Na1.5Bi0.5)Ta2O6FIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.DH.15Bismutopyrochlore (of Chukanov et al.)A2Nb2(O,OH)6ZAmor.
4.DH.20BismutostibiconiteBi(Sb5+,Fe3+)2O7Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.DH.20BindheimitePb2Sb2O6OIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.DH.20MonimoliteIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m)
4.DH.20Stibiconite(Sb,O,OH) ?
4.DH.25RosiaitePbSb5+2O6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3 1m
4.DH.40IngersoniteCa3Mn2+Sb5+4O14Trig. 3 2 : P31 2 1
4.DH.45PittongiteNa0.22(W,Fe3+)(O,OH)3 · 0.44H2OHex. 6 m2 : P6m2

Other InformationHide

Decomposed by acids with the separation of yellow tungstic oxide.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for HydrokenoelsmoreiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Williams, P.A., Leverett, P., Sharpe, J.L., and Colchester, D.M. (2005) Elsmoreite, cubic WO3•0.5H2O, a new mineral species from Elsmore, New South Wales, Australia. Canadian Mineralogist: 43: 1061-1064 [as elsmoreite].
Christy, A.G. and Atencio, D. (2013) Clarification of status of species in the pyrochlore supergroup. Mineralogical Magazine: 77: 13-20.
Mills, S.J., Christy, A.G., Rumsey, M.S., and Spratt, J. (2016) The crystal chemistry of elsmoreite from the Hemerdon (Drakelands) mine, UK: hydrokenoelsmoreite-3C and hydrokenoelsmoreite-6R. Mineralogical Magazine: 80: 1195-1203.

Internet Links for HydrokenoelsmoreiteHide

Localities for HydrokenoelsmoreiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • Córdoba
    • Minas Department
[var: Ferritungstite] Fernández, R.R., 1999. El distrito minero La Bismutina, Córdoba. En Recursos Minerales de la República Argentina (Ed. E.O. Zappettini), Instituto de Geología y Recursos Minerales SEGEMAR, Anales 35:443-448.
  • Jujuy
    • Cochinoca Department
      • Tusaquillas
[var: Ferritungstite] Kittl (1939) Rev. min., Soc. Argentina Min. Geol.: 10: 78; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1094.
  • New South Wales
    • Gough Co.
      • Dundee
Dieter Mylius collection, collected in 2015, analysed by XRD
      • Elsmore
[var: Ferritungstite] Rankin, J., Lawrence, L. J., Sharpe, J. L. and Williams, P. A. (2002): Rare secondary bismuth, tungsten and molybdenum minerals from Elsmore, New England district of New South Wales. Australian Journal of Mineralogy 8, 55-60.
    • Wellesley Co.
Williams, P.A., Leverett, J. L., Sharpe, L. & Colchester, D. M. (2005). Elsmoreite, Cubic WO3 0.5H20, A new mineral species from Elsmore, New South Wales, Australia. The Canadian Mineralogist, Vol 43. pp. 1061-1064
  • Tasmania
    • Circular Head municipality
      • Interview River district
[var: Ferritungstite] Bottrill & Baker (in prep) Catalogue of minerals of Tasmania
    • Kentish municipality
      • Moina - Middlesex District
  • Victoria
    • Campaspe Shire
      • Cornella
[var: Ferritungstite] Ryan Eagle field observation
    • Golden Plains Shire
      • Pittong
Birch, W.D., Grey, I.E., Mills, S.J., Bougerol, C., Pring, A., Ansermet, S. (2007): Pittongite, a new secondary tungstate from Pittong, Victoria, Australia. Canadian Mineralogist, 45, 857-864.
Museum Victoria Mineralogy Collection
  • Western Australia
    • Port Hedland Shire
      • Abydos Station
        • Wodgina
[var: Ferritungstite] Simpson, Edward S. (1928) Famous Mineral Localities: Wodgina, North West Australia, American Mineralogist, Vol. 13, No. 9, September 1928, pp.457-468.
    • Westonia Shire
      • Westonia
[var: Ferritungstite] Simpson, E.S., (1948) Minerals of Western Australia. Volume 1-3. Government Printer, Perth. ; Simpson, E.S. (1948), Minerals of Western Australia, Vol 2, p 284
  • Potosí Department
    • Nor Chichas Province
      • Atocha-Quechisla District
        • Cerro Tazna
[MinRec 32:472]
  • Yukon
    • Mayo Mining District
      • Mayo
        • Kalzas Mt
[var: Ferritungstite] J.W. Anthony, R.A. Bideaux, K.W. Bladh, M.C. Nichols: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. III (1997); Bernard & Hyrsl (2004) Minerals and their Localities. (Granit, Prague); T. S. Ercit and G. W. Robinson (1994) A refinement of the structure of ferritungstite from Kalzas Mountain, Yukon, and observations on the tungsten pyrochlores. Can Mineral 32:567-574
Czech Republic
  • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
    • Vysočina Region
      • Pelhřimov District
        • Pacov
[var: Ferritungstite] Losertová, L., Losos, Z. (2014): W-mineralization from greisen at Cetoraz near Pacov, Czech Republic. 4th Central European Mineralogical Conference, Skalský Dvůr, Czech Republic, 23-26 April 2014, Abstract Volume, 78.
  • Nouvelle-Aquitaine
    • Corrèze
      • Meymac
[var: Ferritungstite] Ansermet, S., Cuchet, S. & Meisser, N. (2010): Minéralogie de la mine de La grange, Meymac, Corrèze. Le Règne Minéral, 91: 23-31
    • Haute-Vienne
      • Saint-Léonard-de-Noblat
[var: Ferritungstite] Patrice Queneau collection (analyzed)
      • Saint-Sulpice-Laurière
[var: Ferritungstite] "Les minéraux, leurs gisements, leurs associations", P. Bariand, F. Cesbron et J. Geffroy (1977), Editions Minéraux et Fossiles, BRGM Germany; Bernard & Hyrsl (2004) Minerals and their Localities. (Granit, Prague)
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Wolfach
        • Oberwolfach
          • Rankach valley
[var: Ferritungstite] Weiß, S. (2001): Ferritungstit aus der Grube Clara. Lapis 25 (5), 35-36.
  • Saxony
    • Vogtland
      • Auerbach
        • Eich
[var: Ferritungstite] Andreas Gerstenberg collection
  • Piedmont
    • Biella Province
      • Cervo Valley
[var: Ferritungstite] Piccoli, G. C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., & Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo F. Eusebio - Alba, 607 pag.
          • Cascine Machetto
[var: Ferritungstite] Orlandi, P. & Campostrini, I. (2005): Zibaldone. Aggiornamenti di mineralogia italiana 2004. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 3/2005, 184-191.; Piccoli, G. C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., & Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo F. Eusebio - Alba, 607 pag.
    • Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province
      • Ossola Valley
        • Vigezzo Valley
          • Druogno
            • Antoliva Valley
              • Alpe Campra (Campra)
[var: Ferritungstite] Vanini, F. , Meisser, N., Bonacina, E. (2008): Galenobismutite e ferritungstite in Val Vigezzo. Micro (notizie mineralogiche), 1/2008, 121-122.
  • Sardinia
    • Carbonia-Iglesias Province
      • Fluminimaggiore
[var: Ferritungstite] Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Tanca, G. A. (1996): Iglesiente – Arburese, Miniere e Minerali. Associazioni e Gruppi Mineralogici Italiani Ed., 238 pp.
[var: Ferritungstite] Brizzi G., Cocco E., Olmi F., Sabelli C. (1989) - Nuovi ritrovamenti di minerali nella Sardegna Sud Occidentale - Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, Milano, fasc. 2, pp. 69-82
    • Medio Campidano Province
      • Gonnosfanadiga
        • Fenugu Sibiri Mine
[var: Ferritungstite] Brizzi, G., Olmi, F., Sabelli, C. (1994): Gli arseniati di Pira Inferida, Gonnofanadiga (CA). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 17, 3 (3-1994), 193-206.
[var: Ferritungstite] Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Tanca, G.A. (1996): Iglesiente e Arburese. Miniere e Minerali. Edito a cura dell'EMSA e "varie associazioni mineralogiche", Volume 2°, 239 pp.
[var: Ferritungstite] Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Tanca, G.A. (1996): Iglesiente e Arburese. Miniere e Minerali. Edito a cura dell'EMSA e "varie associazioni mineralogiche", Volume 2°, 239 pp.
  • Honshu Island
    • Chubu region
      • Yamanashi prefecture
        • Kinpuzan district
          • Kofu City
[var: Ferritungstite] Tsunoda & Shimizu (1995) Shigen-Chishitsu, 45, 111-120.
    • Chugoku Region
      • Yamaguchi Prefecture
        • Mine city
[var: Ferritungstite] Shirose, Y. & Uehara, S. (2011) Philipsburgite from the Yamato mine, Yamaguchi Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 106, 153-157.; Nagashima, M., Akasaka, M., & Morifuku, Y. (2016). Ore and Skarn Mineralogy of the Yamato Mine, Yamaguchi Prefecture, Japan, with Emphasis on Silver‐, Bismuth‐, Cobalt‐, and Tin‐bearing Sulfides. Resource Geology, 66(1), 37-54.
    • Kinki Region
      • Kyoto Prefecture
        • Sohraku-gun
          • Wazuka-cho
SHIMOBAYASHI, N., OHNISHI, M., and TSURUTA, K. (2012) Secondary tungsten minerals in quartz veins in the Ishidera area, Wazuka, Kyoto Prefecture, Japan: anthoinite, mpororoite, and Fe-free hydrokenoelsmoreite. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 107, No. 1 (February), 33-38.
  • Kyushu Region
    • Nansei Archipelago
      • Kagoshima Prefecture
        • Yakushima-cho
          • Yakushima Island
[var: Ferritungstite] Matsubara, S., et al (1994) Bulletin of the National Science Museum, 20, 45-51;
  • Karagandy Province (Qaragandy Oblysy; Karaganda Oblast')
    • Akchatau (Aqshatau; Akschatau; Akchataul; Akshatau)
[var: Ferritungstite] Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
    • Betpakdala Desert (Bet-Pak-Dal Desert)
[var: Ferritungstite] Jeremolenko, V. (2002): Kara-Oba: Mineralogische Perle der Betpak-Ebene bei Dzhambul, Kasachstan. Lapis 27 (4), 13-34 + 50
Malaysia (TL)
  • Perak
    • Kinta District
      • Kramat Pulai
Mineralogical Magazine(1971) 38, 261-285
  • Braga District
    • Terras de Bouro
      • Cibões
        • Vergaço
[var: Ferritungstite] Pedro Alves collection
  • Bragança District
    • Freixo de Espada à Cinta
      • Lagoaça
[var: Ferritungstite] Gomes, M.E.P., Antunes, I.M.H.R., Pacheco, F.A.L., Neiva, A. M. R., and Silva, P.B. (2010): Goldschmidt Conference Abstracts 2010.
  • Castelo Branco District
    • Idanha-a-Nova
      • Proença-a-Velha
Alexandre Pedroso samples.
  • Vila Real District
    • Montalegre
      • Salto
[var: Ferritungstite] Bernard & Hyrsl (2004) Minerals and their Localities. (Granit, Prague) Sahama, T.G. (1981) The secondary tungsten minerals, a review. Mineral. Record, 12, 81–87
    • Sabrosa
      • Souto Maior
Alves, P. (2017) The Mining District of Vale das Gatas, Sabrosa, Portugal. Mineral Up Vol. IV, nº5, 8-53.
  • Far-Eastern Region
    • Chukotskii Autonomous Okrug
      • Iul'tinskiy Mining Complex
[var: Ferritungstite] Stuart Mills
  • Kigali City Province
    • Kigali
[var: Ferritungstite] Bernard & Hyrsl (2004) Minerals and their Localities. (Granit, Prague)
  • Northern Province
    • Cyeru Commune
      • Gifurwe sector
[var: Ferritungstite] J. W. Anthony et al.: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol.3 (1997), 11
  • Extremadura
    • Cáceres
      • Almoharín
[var: Ferritungstite] Bocamina, GMM (Grupo Mineralogista de Madrid)
  • Phrae Province
[var: Ferritungstite] Dill, H.G., Melcher, F., and Botz, R. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 34, 242-262.
  • Western Region
    • Kabale District
[var: Ferritungstite] Ricard W. Barstow List. November 1977 (
    • Kigezi District
[var: Ferritungstite] J. W. Anthony et al.: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol.3 (1997), 11
      • Kisoro
[var: Ferritungstite] O. von Knorring, T.G. Sahama, M. Lehtinen: Bull. Geol. Soc. Finland 44:107-110 (1972); Amer. Mineral. 58:1112 (1973)
[var: Ferritungstite] Elmar Lackner specimen
  • England
    • Cornwall
      • Callington District
        • Calstock
          • Gunnislake
[var: Ferritungstite] Golley, P., and Williams, R. (1995): Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications (Truro), 104 pp.
      • St Day
No reference listed
    • Devon
      • Tavistock District
        • Plympton
[var: Ferritungstite] Steve Rust and Richard de Nul specimens.
  • Northern Ireland
    • Co. Down
      • Mourne Mts
Moles, N. R., & Tindle, A. G. (2012). Tungsten and bismuth minerals, including russellite, within greisen veins in the western Mourne Mountains, Northern Ireland. Journal of the Russell Society, 15, 40-48.
Moles, N. R., & Tindle, A. G. (2012). Tungsten and bismuth minerals, including russellite, within greisen veins in the western Mourne Mountains, Northern Ireland. Journal of the Russell Society, 15, 40-48.
  • Colorado
    • Boulder Co.
      • Boulder Co. Tungsten District
[var: Ferritungstite] Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
  • Connecticut
    • Middlesex Co.
[var: Ferritungstite] Reported by Dick Schooner (not analyzed?)
  • Missouri
    • Madison Co.
      • Fredericktown District
[var: Ferritungstite] R&M 73:2 pp 98-117; Graf, D.L. (1947) A study of the mineral ferritungstite (unpublished masters thesis, Columbia University).
  • Nevada
    • Humboldt Co.
      • Osgood Mts
        • Potosi District
[var: Ferritungstite] NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Mineral Co.
      • Eagleville District
[var: Ferritungstite] NBMG Bull 58 Geology and Mineral Resources of Mineral County, Nevada
[var: Ferritungstite] NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • Utah
    • Tooele Co.
      • Deep Creek Mts
[var: Ferritungstite] Bernard & Hyrsl (2004) Minerals and their Localities. (Granit, Prague)
  • Washington
    • Stevens Co.
      • Huckleberry Range
        • Deer Trail & Cedar Canyon Districts
          • Adams Mountain
[var: Ferritungstite] Bernard & Hyrsl (2004) Minerals and their Localities. (Granit, Prague)
  • Matabeleland North
    • Hwange District
Wolfgang Hampel, studies 2017
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