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Mooreite

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Gideon Emmet Moore
Formula:
Mg92Mn2Zn4(SO4)2(OH)26 · 8H2O
Colour:
Colourless, light tan; colourless in transmitted light.
Lustre:
Sub-Vitreous, Pearly
Hardness:
3
Specific Gravity:
2.47
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
Named in 1929 by Lawson H. Bauer and Harry Berman in honor of Gideon Emmet Moore [August 21, 1842 New York, New York, USA - April 13, 1895 New York, New York, USA], American chemist, originally an assayer at Virginia City, Nevada, USA and worked mostly with the Passaic Zinc Company (1872-1895), and who early investigated the minerals of Sterling Hill and Franklin, New Jersey. He named brushite, chalcophanite, cryptokallite, hetaerolite, and the first natural occurrence of metacinnabarite.
This page provides mineralogical data about Mooreite.


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Classification of MooreiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
7.DD.45

7 : SULFATES (selenates, tellurates, chromates, molybdates, wolframates)
D : Sulfates (selenates, etc.) with additional anions, with H2O
D : With only medium-sized cations; sheets of edge-sharing octahedra
31.1.3.1

31 : HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
1 : (AB)m(XO4)pZq·xH2O, where m:p > 6:1
25.9.10

25 : Sulphates
9 : Sulphates of Mn

Physical Properties of MooreiteHide

Sub-Vitreous, Pearly
Transparency:
Transparent
Comment:
Pearly on cleavage
Colour:
Colourless, light tan; colourless in transmitted light.
Streak:
White to colorless
Hardness:
Tenacity:
Flexible
Cleavage:
Perfect
On {010}, perfect.
Fracture:
Micaceous
Density:
2.47 g/cm3 (Measured)    2.54 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of MooreiteHide

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.533 nβ = 1.545 nγ = 1.547
2V:
Measured: 50° to 50°
Birefringence:
0.014
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.014
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Low
Dispersion:
weak
Optical Extinction:
X=b, Z^c =44°

Chemical Properties of MooreiteHide

Formula:
Mg92Mn2Zn4(SO4)2(OH)26 · 8H2O
IMA Formula:
Mg15(SO4)2(OH)26 · 8H2O

Crystallography of MooreiteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
P2/b
Cell Parameters:
a = 11.147 Å, b = 20.350 Å, c = 8.202 Å
β = 92.7°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.548 : 1 : 0.403
Unit Cell V:
1,858.49 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
2
Morphology:
Crystals tabular to platy {010}. Frequently as sub-parallel aggregates grouped on {010}.
Comment:
P21/a

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.
Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
10.1 (80)
5.08 (100)
3.45 (50)
2.67 (40)
2.38 (80)
1.732 (50)
1.619 (60)
1.546 (30)
Comments:
ICDD 43-696; Note: Mooreite and torreyite differ in structure, although they are chemically similar.

Type Occurrence of MooreiteHide

Geological Setting of Type Material:
Fracture fillings in calcite-willemite-franklinite ore

Other Language Names for MooreiteHide

German:Mooreit
Russian:Мурит
Spanish:Mooreita

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Fluoborite3 photos of Mooreite associated with Fluoborite on mindat.org.
Hauckite2 photos of Mooreite associated with Hauckite on mindat.org.
Franklinite2 photos of Mooreite associated with Franklinite on mindat.org.
Willemite2 photos of Mooreite associated with Willemite on mindat.org.
Pyrochroite1 photo of Mooreite associated with Pyrochroite on mindat.org.
Calcite1 photo of Mooreite associated with Calcite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

7.DD.05FelsőbányaiteAl4(SO4)(OH)10 · 4H2OMon. 2 : P21
7.DD.10LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2OMon. m
7.DD.10PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2OMon. m : Pm
7.DD.10WroewolfeiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2OMon. m : Pm
7.DD.15SpangoliteCu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2OTrig. 3m : P3 1c
7.DD.20KtenasiteZn(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2OMon.
7.DD.25ChristeliteCu2Zn3(SO4)2(OH)6 · 4H2OTric.
7.DD.30CampigliaiteMn2+Cu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 4H2OMon.
7.DD.30DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.DD.30OrthoserpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2OOrth. mm2 : Pca21
7.DD.30SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.DD.30NiedermayriteCdCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
7.DD.30EdwardsiteCu3Cd2(SO4)2(OH)6·4H2O Mon. 2/m : P21/b
7.DD.35Carrboydite[(Ni1-xAlx)(OH)2][SO4]x/2 · nH2OHex.
7.DD.35Glaucocerinite(Zn1-xAlx)(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2OHex.
7.DD.35Honessite(Ni1-xFe3+x)(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2OTrig.
7.DD.35Hydrohonessite(Ni1-xFe3+x)(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2OHex.
7.DD.35MotukoreaiteMg6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6][SO4]2 · 6H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
7.DD.35Mountkeithite[(Mg1-xFe3+x)(OH)2][SO4]x/2 · nH2OHex.
7.DD.35ShigaiteMn6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6][SO4]2 · 6H2OTrig.
7.DD.35WermlanditeMg7Al2(OH)18[Ca(H2O)6][SO4]2 · 6H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3c1
7.DD.35WoodwarditeCu1-xAlx(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
7.DD.35ZincaluminiteZn6Al6(SO4)2(OH)16 · 5H2O
7.DD.35Hydrowoodwardite(Cu1-xAlx)(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
7.DD.35ZincowoodwarditeZn1-xAlx(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2OTrig.
7.DD.35NatroglaucoceriniteZn6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6](SO4)2•6H2OHex.
7.DD.35NikischeriteFe2+6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6][SO4]2 · 6H2OTrig.
7.DD.40Lawsonbauerite(Mn2+,Mg)9Zn4(SO4)2(OH)22 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.DD.40Torreyite(Mg,Mn2+)72Mn2+2Zn4(SO4)2(OH)22 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.DD.50NamuwiteZn4(SO4)(OH)6 · 4H2OTrig. 3 : P3
7.DD.55BechereriteZn7Cu(OH)13[(SiO(OH)3(SO4)]Trig. 3 : P3
7.DD.60Ramsbeckite(Cu,Zn)15(SO4)4(OH)22 · 6H2OMon. 2/m
7.DD.65VonbezingiteCa6Cu3(SO4)3(OH)12 · 2H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.DD.70RedgilliteCu6(SO4)(OH)10 · H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.DD.75ChalcoalumiteCuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2OMon. 2 : P21
7.DD.75Nickelalumite(Ni,Cu)Al4(SO4,(NO3)2)(OH)12 · 3H2OMon.
7.DD.75KyrgyzstaniteZnAl4(SO4)(OH)12·3H2OMon.
7.DD.80GuarinoiteZn6(SO4)(OH)10 · 5H2OHex.
7.DD.80Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2OTrig.
7.DD.80ThérèsemagnaniteNaCo4(SO4)(OH)6Cl·6H2OHex.
7.DD.80UM1992-30-SO:CCuHZn(Zn,Cu)7(SO4,CO3)2(OH)10 · 3H2OTrig. 3 : P3
7.DD.85MontetrisaiteCu6(SO4)(OH)10 · 2H2OOrth. mm2 : Cmc21

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

25.9.1SzmikiteMnSO4 · H2OMon.
25.9.2JôkokuiteMnSO4 · 5H2OTric.
25.9.3MallarditeMnSO4 · 7H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
25.9.4ManganolangbeiniteK2Mn2(SO4)3Iso. 2 3 : P21 3
25.9.5Chvaleticeite(Mn,Mg)SO4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
25.9.6DespujolsiteCa3Mn4+(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2OHex. 6 m2 : P62c
25.9.7ApjohniteMn2+Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon.
25.9.8ShigaiteMn6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6][SO4]2 · 6H2OTrig.
25.9.9Ilesite(Mn,Zn,Fe)SO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m
25.9.11Torreyite(Mg,Mn2+)72Mn2+2Zn4(SO4)2(OH)22 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
25.9.12Lawsonbauerite(Mn2+,Mg)9Zn4(SO4)2(OH)22 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
25.9.13Dietrichite(Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b

Other InformationHide

Notes:
Soluble in acids.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for MooreiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
McKenna, Charles F. (1895) [Memorial of] Dr. Gideon E. Moore, Journal of the American Chemical Society, Volume 17, Part 2, p. 659-663.
Bauer, L. and Berman (1929) American Mineralogist: 14: 165.
Prewitt-Hopkins, Joan (1949) American Mineralogist: 34: 589.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 574-575.
American Mineralogist (1969): 54: 973-975.
American Mineralogist (1983): 68: 474.
Hill (1980) Acta Crystallographica: B36: 1304-1311.

Internet Links for MooreiteHide

Localities for MooreiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Germany
 
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Ruhr Coal Mining area
      • Marl
        • Marl-Hüls
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
USA (TL)
 
  • New Jersey
    • Sussex Co.
      • Franklin Mining District
        • Ogdensburg
          • Sterling Hill
Prewitt-Hopkins, J.: Am.Min.:34:589-595 (1949); Finney, J.J.: Am.Min.:54:973-975 (1969); Hill, R.J.:Australian Min.:26:126-128 (1979); Palache(1935):130; Dunn(1995):Pt5:637-638; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 575.
Peter Chin
Mineral and/or Locality  
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