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Morenosite

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Formula:
NiSO4 · 7H2O
System:
Orthorhombic
Colour:
Apple green or greenish ...
Lustre:
Vitreous
Hardness:
2 - 2½
Member of:
Name:
Named after Señor Antonio Moreno Ruiz (1796-1852), Spanish pharmacist and chemist, Academy of Natural Sciences, Madrid, Spain.
Epsomite Group; Epsomite-Morenosite Series.

A complete series exists to Epsomite.

Dehydrates to Retgersite.


Classification of Morenosite

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
7.CB.40

7 : SULFATES (selenates, tellurates, chromates, molybdates, wolframates)
C : Sulfates (selenates, etc.) without additional anions, with H2O
B : With only medium-sized cations
29.6.11.3

29 : HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
6 : AXO4·xH2O
25.12.6

25 : Sulphates
12 : Sulphates of Co and Ni

Physical Properties of Morenosite

Vitreous
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Transparent
Colour:
Apple green or greenish white; green in transmitted light.
Streak:
White; faint green tint.
Hardness (Mohs):
2 - 2½
Cleavage:
Distinct/Good
On {010}, distinct
Fracture:
Conchoidal
Density:
1.953 g/cm3 (Measured)    1.93 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of Morenosite

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.467 nβ = 1.489 nγ = 1.492
2V:
Measured: 42° , Calculated: 40°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.025
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
relatively weak

Chemical Properties of Morenosite

Formula:
NiSO4 · 7H2O
Elements listed in formula:
Analytical Data:
Readily soluble in water.

Crystallography of Morenosite

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):
2 2 2 - Disphenoidal
Space Group:
P21 21 21
Cell Parameters:
a = 11.86 Å, b = 12.08 Å, c = 6.81 Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.982 : 1 : 0.564
Unit Cell Volume:
V 975.66 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Morphology:
Artificial crystals are short prismatic [001]. Occurs naturally as efflorescent crusts of indistinct crystals and fibers; stalactitic.

Type Occurrence of Morenosite

Relationship of Morenosite to other Species

Series:
Forms a series with Epsomite (see here)
Member of:
Other Members of Group:
EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
7.CB.05Dwornikite(Ni,Fe)SO4 · H2O
7.CB.05GunningiteZnSO4 · H2O
7.CB.05KieseriteMgSO4 · H2O
7.CB.05Poitevinite(Cu,Fe,Zn)SO4 · H2O
7.CB.05SzmikiteMnSO4 · H2O
7.CB.05SzomolnokiteFeSO4 · H2O
7.CB.05CobaltkieseriteCoSO4 · H2O
7.CB.07SanderiteMgSO4 · 2H2O
7.CB.10BonattiteCuSO4 · 3H2O
7.CB.15Aplowite(Co,Mn,Ni)SO4 · 4H2O
7.CB.15Boyleite(Zn,Mg)SO4 · 4H2O
7.CB.15Ilesite(Mn,Zn,Fe)SO4 · 4H2O
7.CB.15RozeniteFeSO4 · 4H2O
7.CB.15StarkeyiteMgSO4 · 4H2O
7.CB.15DrobeciteCdSO4 · 4H2O
7.CB.15CranswickiteMgSO4 · 4H2O
7.CB.20ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
7.CB.20JôkokuiteMnSO4 · 5H2O
7.CB.20PentahydriteMgSO4 · 5H2O
7.CB.20SiderotilFeSO4 · 5H2O
7.CB.25Bianchite(Zn,Fe)SO4 · 6H2O
7.CB.25Chvaleticeite(Mn,Mg)SO4 · 6H2O
7.CB.25FerrohexahydriteFeSO4 · 6H2O
7.CB.25HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
7.CB.25Moorhouseite(Co,Ni,Mn)SO4 · 6H2O
7.CB.25Nickelhexahydrite(Ni,Mg,Fe)SO4 · 6H2O
7.CB.30RetgersiteNiSO4 · 6H2O
7.CB.35BieberiteCoSO4 · 7H2O
7.CB.35BoothiteCuSO4 · 7H2O
7.CB.35MallarditeMnSO4 · 7H2O
7.CB.35MelanteriteFeSO4 · 7H2O
7.CB.35Zincmelanterite(Zn,Cu,Fe)SO4 · 7H2O
7.CB.35Alpersite(Mg,Cu)[SO4] · 7H2O
7.CB.40EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
7.CB.40GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
7.CB.45AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
7.CB.45Meta-alunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 12H2O
7.CB.50AluminocoquimbiteFeAl(SO4)3 · 9H2O
7.CB.55CoquimbiteFe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
7.CB.55ParacoquimbiteFe2(SO4)3 · 9H2O
7.CB.55Rhomboclase(H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
7.CB.60KorneliteFe2(SO4)3 · 7H2O
7.CB.65QuenstedtiteFe2(SO4)3 · 11H2O
7.CB.70LauseniteFe2(SO4)3·5H2O
7.CB.75LishizheniteZnFe2(SO4)4 · 14H2O
7.CB.75RömeriteFe2+Fe23+(SO4)4 · 14H2O
7.CB.80RansomiteCuFe2(SO4)4 · 6H2O
7.CB.85ApjohniteMn2+Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
7.CB.85BíliniteFe2+Fe23+(SO4)4 · 22H2O
7.CB.85Dietrichite(Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
7.CB.85HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
7.CB.85PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
7.CB.85Redingtonite(Fe2+,Mg,Ni)(Cr,Al)2(SO4)4·22H2O
7.CB.85Wupatkiite(Co,Mg,Ni)Al2(SO4)4·22H2O
7.CB.90MeridianiiteMgSO4 · 11H2O
25.12.1BieberiteCoSO4 · 7H2O
25.12.2CobaltzippeiteCo(UO2)2(SO4)O2 · 3.5H2O
25.12.3Aplowite(Co,Mn,Ni)SO4 · 4H2O
25.12.4Moorhouseite(Co,Ni,Mn)SO4 · 6H2O
25.12.5RetgersiteNiSO4 · 6H2O
25.12.7NickelblöditeNa2(Ni,Mg)(SO4)2 · 4H2O
25.12.8Nickelboussingaultite(NH4)2Ni(SO4)2 · 6H2O
25.12.9NickelzippeiteNi2(UO2)6(SO4)3(OH)10 · 16H2O
25.12.10Dwornikite(Ni,Fe)SO4 · H2O
25.12.11Honessite(Ni1-xFex3+)(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2O
25.12.12Hydrohonessite(Ni1-xFex3+)(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2O
25.12.13Nickelhexahydrite(Ni,Mg,Fe)SO4 · 6H2O

Other Names for Morenosite

Other Information

Magnetism:
Paramagnetic
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Morenosite

Reference List:
Cronstedt A. (1758) Mineralogie; eller Mineral-Rikets Upstallning. 12mo, Stockholm: 114 (as Nickel-Viktril & Vitriolum ferrum et nicolum continens).

Hunt in: Dana, J.D. (1850) System of Mineralogy, 3rd. Edition, New York: 679.

von Kobell (1852) Gel. Anz. Akademie der Wissenschaften, Munich: 35: 215 (as Pyromelin).

von Kobell (1853) Journal für praktische Chemie, Leipzig: 58: 44 (as Pyromelin).

Marignac (1855) Arch. sc. phys. nat. Genève: [1]: 14: 238.

Fulda (1864) Ann. Chem. Pharm.: 131: 213.

Topsøe and Christiansen (1874) Annalen der Physik, Ergzbd.: 6: 549.

Dufet (1878) Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie: 1: 58.

Wyrouboff (1880) Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie: 3: 73.

Blasius (1885) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 10: 238.

Pisani (1892) Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie: 15: 48.

Laspeyres (1893) Verh. nat. Verein, Bonn: 143: 375.

Retgers (1895) Zeitschrift für Physikalische Chemie, Leipzig, Berlin: 16: 577.

Gossner (1907) Berichte: 40: 2374.

Goldschmidt, V. (1920) Atlas der Krystallformen. 9 volumes, atlas, and text: vol. 6: 63.

Ulrich (1921) Casopis Mus. Cesk.: 95: 123.

Longchambon (1922) Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie: 45: 239.

Beevers and Schwartz (1935) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 91: 157.

Cavinato (1937) Reale accademia nazionale dei Lincei, Rome, Att.: [6]: 25: 399.

Cavinato (1938) Periodico de Mineralogia-Roma: 9: 141.

Hutton (1947) American Mineralogist: 32: 553.

Casares (1949) (see Alcibar in Rivista di mineralogia e cristallografia italiana, Padua: 305 [1850])(as Sulfato de niquel).

Frondel, C. and Palache, C. (1949) American Mineralogist: 34: 188.

Casares (1851) Rivista di mineralogia e cristallografia italiana, Padua: 176 (as Sulfato de nickel & Morenosita).


Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Seventh edition, Volume II: 516-519.

Ptasiewicz-Bak, H., I. Olovsson, and G.J. McIntyre (1997) Charge density in orthorhombic NiSO4·7H2O at room temperature and 25K: Acta Crystallographica: 53: 325-336.

Zeitschrift für Kristallographie: 91: 157-169.

Internet Links for Morenosite

mindat.org URL:
https://www.mindat.org/min-2782.html
Please feel free to link to this page.

Localities for Morenosite

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Australia
 
  • Western Australia
    • Menzies Shire
      • Menangina Station
Mineralogical Magazine 1977 41 : 37-41; Min Mag (1979) 43, 97-98; Matthew J. Sciberras, Peter Leverett, Peter A. Williams, David E. Hibbs, Peter J. Downes, Mark D. Welch and Anthony R. Kampf (2013) Paratacamite-(Ni,Cu3(Ni,Cu)Cl2(OH)6, a new mineral from the Carr Boyd Rocks mine, Western Australia. Australian Journal of Mineralogy 17:39-44
    • Wiluna Shire
      • Mount Keith
Grguric, B.A. (2003) Minerals of the MKD5 nickel deposit, Mount Keith, Western Australia. Australian Journal of Mineralogy, Vol. 9, No. 2 , pg. 55-71.
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Friesach - Hüttenberg area
      • Hirt
        • Griesserhof (Gulitzen; Gullitzen)
H. Meixner: Carinthia II, special ed. no. 20, 95-106 (1956)
    • Hohe Tauern
      • Reißeck group
        • Gmünd
Pichler (2009)
          • Radlgraben
MEIXNER, H. (1958): Neue Mineralfunde in den österreichischen Ostalpen XVI. Carinthia II, 148./68., 91-109.
  • Salzburg
    • Saalfelden
      • Leogang
        • Hütten
          • Schwarzleograben
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
    • St Johann im Pongau
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs, 1989
Bolivia
 
  • Cochabamba Department
    • Tapacari Province
Dr. Fritz Berndt collection (Dr. Frank Keutsch analysis)
Canada
 
  • Ontario
    • Kenora District
      • Ring of Fire
        • BMA527862 Area
Reiner Mielke 2014
    • Sudbury District
      • Denison Township
Hawley, J.E. & Stanton, R.L. (1962): The Sudbury ores: their mineralogy and origin. Part II. The facts: The ores, their minerals, metals and distribution, Canadian Mineralogist 7, 30-145.
Reiner Mielke 2011
      • Drury Township
Hawley, J.E. & Stanton, R.L. (1962): The Sudbury ores: their mineralogy and origin. Part II. The facts: The ores, their minerals, metals and distribution, Canadian Mineralogist 7, 30-145.
      • Whitefish Falls Area
Dana 6: 940; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 518.
  • Québec
    • Abitibi-Témiscamingue
      • Abitibi RCM
        • La Motte
Sabina (2003)126
Mineralogical Record (1976): 7(4): 174-178.
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Karlovy Vary Region
      • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
        • Jáchymov District (St Joachimsthal)
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 518; Duda, Rejl, Slivka: "Mineralien", 1991
Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaïre)
 
  • Katanga (Shaba)
    • Katanga Copper Crescent
      • Shinkolobwe
MinRec 20:287-288
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • St Blasien
        • Horbach
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
  • Bavaria
    • Franconia
      • Franconian Forest
        • Bad Steben
          • Lichtenberg
            • Lichtenberg Copper Mines
Dana 6:940.
  • Hesse
    • Dillenburg District
      • Dillenburg
        • Oberscheld
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
    • Odenwald
      • Bensheim
        • Hochstädten
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
    • Richelsdorf District
      • Nentershausen
        • Süß
          • Richelsdorf Smelter
S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1992
    • Taunus
      • Villmar
        • Langhecke
S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
  • Lower Saxony
    • Harz
      • Goslar
        • Rammelsberg
No reference listed
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Bergisches Land
      • Rösrath
        • Altenrath
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
    • Ruhr Coal Mining area
      • Essen
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
    • Siegerland
      • Eiserfeld
        • Kohlenbach Valley
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
      • Littfeld
Weiss. "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Weiss. "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
        • Silberg
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
Weiss. "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
      • Müsen
Weiss. "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Weiss. "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
      • Siegen
        • Achenbach
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Lahn valley
      • Bad Ems District
        • Bad Ems
S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
        • Frücht
Der Aufschluss Vol.55, March/April 2004
    • Siegerland
      • Betzdorf
        • Schutzbach
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
      • Wissen
        • Schönstein (Steckenstein)
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
  • Saxony
    • Oberlausitz
      • Sohland an der Spree
Frenzel, M. (2009): Nimit und weitere Neufunde aus der Nickelgrube Sohland a.d. Spree(Sachsen): Lapis 34(4): 44-45
  • Thuringia
    • Bad Lobenstein
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
Greece
 
  • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
    • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
      • Lavrion District Mines
        • Sounion area
          • Sounion Mines
Lapis, 24, 7/8 (1999); J. Gröbner und U. Kolitsch (2002): Neufunde von Laurion aus den Jahren 2001 und 2002. Aufschluss 53 (5-6), 363-371.
Iraq
 
  • Iraqi Kurdistan
    • Erbil province
      • Soran District
        • Rawandiz (Rawanduz; Rowanduz)
          • Darband-Rayat area
Yassin, S.Z., Goff, J.C. (Eds.) (2006): Geology of Iraq. Dolin, Prague and Moravian Museum, Brno, 337 pp.
Ireland
 
  • Co. Wicklow
    • Avoca
King, Robert Joseph, Evans, A. M., 1964. An occurrence of morenosite in Ireland, Mineralogical Magazine, 33 (267), p. 1110-1113
Italy
 
  • Aosta Valley
Boscardin M., Colmelet G. (1977) - Morenosite della Val d'Ayas - Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, Milano, vol. 8, fasc. 2 - 1977
Del Caldo, A., Moro, C., Gramaccioli, C.M., Boscardin, M. (1973): Guida ai minerali. Fratelli Fabbri Editori, Milano, 208 pp.; Castello, P. (1974): Il giacimento di amianto di Emarèse. Bull. Soc. Flore Valdôtaine, 28, 63-67; Castello, P. (1981): Il giacimento di amianto di Emarèse (AO). Riv. Mineral. Ital., 5, 3 (3-1981), 86-90.
Del Caldo, A., Moro, C., Gramaccioli, C.M., Boscardin, M. (1973): Guida ai minerali. Fratelli Fabbri Editori, Milano, 208 pp.; Castello, P. (1974): Il giacimento di amianto di Emarèse. Bull. Soc. Flore Valdôtaine, 28, 63-67; Gramaccioli, C.M. (1975): Minerali alpini e prealpini. Istituto Italiano Edizioni Atlas, Bergamo, 2 vol., 472 pp.; Castello, P. (1981): Il giacimento di amianto di Emarèse (AO). Riv. Mineral. Ital., 5, 3 (3-1981), 86-90.
    • Valtournanche Valley
      • Valtournanche
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
C.M. Gramaccioli (1975)-Minerali alpini e Prealpini-Edizioni Atlas Bergamo
Cavinato A. (1938): Morenosite di Valtournanche. pp. 141-142. Periodico di Mineralogia - Roma and Rigault G. (1961) - Ricerche sulla morenosite di Valtournanche (Valle di Aosta) - Per. min. Roma, 30, Fasc. 1, pp. 81-109 and M. Boscardin - Infomzioni di mineralogia italiana, Morenosite di Valtournanche (Ao) - Notizie del Gruppo Min. Lombardo - Milano - Vol 1 - (March, 1973) pag. 5
  • Lombardy
    • Sondrio Province
      • Valtellina
        • Malenco Valley
          • Chiesa in Valmalenco
Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (1993) I minerali della provincia di Sondrio: Valmalenco. Bettini, Sondrio, 275 pp.
          • Lanterna Valley
            • Lanzada
              • Campo Franscia (Franscia)
Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (1993) I minerali della provincia di Sondrio: Valmalenco. Bettini, Sondrio, 275 pp.
Palache, C., Berman, H., Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892. John Wiley & Sons, New York. Volume II: 518 (Val Malenco only in description but with reference to Cavinato's publication in the annexed table of selected analytical data).; DaDa
              • Campo Moro Valley
Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (1993) I minerali della provincia di Sondrio: Valmalenco. Bettini, Sondrio, 275 pp.
  • Piedmont
    • Torino Province
      • Susa Valley
        • Condove
          • Laietto (Lajetto)
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
    • Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province
      • Ossola Valley
        • Premosello Chiovenda
Scaini G. (1971): L'alunogeno della miniera del Nibbio a Mergozzo (Ossola). Natura, 42, (2), 230-231.; Mattioli V. (1979): Minerali Ossolani. Ed. Arti Grafiche Medesi, Milano, 268 pp.
    • Vercelli Province
      • Sesia Valley
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
  • Trentino-Alto Adige (Trentino-Südtirol)
    • Trento Province
      • Valsugana
        • Levico Terme
Exel, R. (1987): Guida mineralogica del Trentino e del Sudtirolo. Athesia, Bolzano, 204 pp.
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Kinki region
      • Mie Prefecture
        • Toba City
Minakawa et al (1989) Sanko-Gakkai Kou'en-Youshi, 27.; Go Ito, 2004.
Peru
 
  • Pasco Department
    • Pasco Province
      • Huayllay District
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 498, 518.
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
    • Kaczawskie Mts
Paulo A. 1970: On the formation of retgersite from Chełmiec. Mineralogia Polonica, vol. 1, 37-45
Portugal
 
  • Aveiro District
    • Albergaria-a-Velha
      • Branca
Antonio Jesus Pimentel specimens; www.mindat.org/mesg-25-107652.html
Russia
 
  • Urals Region
    • Southern Urals
      • Chelyabinsk Oblast'
        • Ufaley District (Ufalei District)
Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., Bliss, J.D., and Moring, B.C., 2011, Ni-Co laterite deposits of the world; database and grade and tonnage models: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2011-1058.
South Africa
 
  • North West Province
    • Bojanala Platinum District
      • Western Bushveld Complex
        • Pilanesberg Alkaline Complex
          • Pilanesberg Mtn
Minerals of South Africa
Spain
 
  • Catalonia
    • Tarragona
      • Priorat
        • Bellmunt del Priorat
Joan Abella i Creus (2008): Minerals I Mines De La Conca De Bellmunt Del Priorat.
  • Galicia
    • A Coruña (La Coruña)
      • Herbeira ultramafic massif
        • Cedeira
          • Teixidelo
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 518; Mineralogical Magazine (1964): 33: 1110; Duda, Rejl, Slivka: "Mineralien", 1991; Martínez Alcíbar, A. (1850) Raro e importante mineral de níquel. Revista Minera, 1, 302-306.
Switzerland
 
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Zermatt - Saas Fee area
      • Matt Valley
        • Zermatt
          • Findel glacier (Findeln glacier; Findelen glacier) area
Christian Bracke Collection
          • Gorner glacier area
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 282.
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 282.
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 282.
      • Saas Valley
        • Saas-Almagell
Van Hove C. collection
        • Saas-Fee
          • Fee Glacier
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 282.
UK
 
  • England
    • Staffordshire
      • Ecton
Ford, T., Sarjeant, A., and Smith, M. (1993): UK Journal of Mines and Minerals 13, 16-55
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Maricopa Co.
      • Wickenburg
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 306; Galbraith, F.W. & Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 61.
  • California
    • Contra Costa Co.
      • Diablo Range
        • Clayton
          • Mount Diablo State Park
            • Mount Diablo (Mt Diablo)
Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 263, 270, 273.
    • Imperial Co.
      • Coyote Mts
        • Coyote Wells
Pemberton, H Earl " Minerals of California" Van Nostrand Reinholt Press
          • Coyote Mountain
Morton, P.K. (1977) Mines and mineral resources of Imperial County, California. California Division of Mines and Geology County Report 7, 104 pp.: 79-80; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 270.
    • Napa Co.
      • Mayacmas Mts (Mayacamas Mts)
        • East Mayacmas District
          • Pope Valley
Dana, E.S. (1892) System of Mineralogy, 6th. Edition, New York: 1096; Becker, George F. (1888b), Geology of the quicksilver deposits of the Pacific slope: USGS Monograph 13, atlas: 389; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 274; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 518.
    • San Diego Co.
      • Julian District
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 518; O'Donoghue, 1978 - "Encyclopedia of Minerals & Gemstones", p283.
Rocks & Minerals 82:402-407; Hudson, Frank Samuel (1922), Geology of the Cuyamaca region of California with special reference to the origin of the Nickeliferous pyrrhotite: University of California, Department of Geological Sciences Bulletin: 13: 214, 217; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 270, 321.
    • San Luis Obispo Co.
      • Santa Lucia Mts (Santa Lucia Range)
        • Adelaide District (Adelaide Klau District)
          • Adelaida
            • Klau Mine group
Woodhouse, C.D. & R.M. Norris (1957a), A new occurrence of millerite American Mineralogist: 42: 113-115; Davis, Fenelon Francis and E.H. Bailey (1966) Mercury. California Division Mines and Geology Bulletin 191: 267, 270.
    • Trinity Co.
      • Coastal Range
        • Island Mountain
          • Moose Peak
Stinson, Melvin Clarence (1957a), Geology of the Island Mountain copper mine, Trinity County, California: California Journal of Mines and Geology: 53: 25; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 274; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 270.
  • Colorado
    • Boulder Co.
      • Gold Hill District
        • Gold Hill
[O'Donoghue, 1978 - "Encyclopedia of Minerals & Gemstones", p283]
  • Missouri
    • Madison Co.
R&M 73:2 pp 98-117
  • Nevada
    • Churchill Co.
      • Table Mountain District
        • Cottonwood Canyon
          • Bolivia
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
Nickel Deposits in Cottonwood Canyon, Churchill County, Nevada. Univ. of Nevada Bulletin Vol 33 No. 5 (1939) pp1-18
    • Eureka Co.
      • Lynn District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • Pennsylvania
    • Lancaster Co.
      • Bart Township
        • Gap
Min.Rec.:21:103; Dana 6:1069; Dana 7:I:235,241; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 490, 518. R. C. Smith II, The Mineralogy of Pennsylvania 1966-1975, Special Publication No. 1, Friends of Mineralogy Pennsylvania Chapter, 1978.
  • Washington
    • Chelan Co.
      • Entiat District
        • Winesap
Minerals of Washington, Bart Cannon, 1975
    • Snohomish Co.
      • Sultan District
Minerals of Washington, Bart Cannon, 1975
Mineral and/or Locality  
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