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Mosandrite-(Ce)

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Carl Gustaf Mosander
Formula:
(Ca3Ce)[(H2O)2Ca0.50.5]Ti(Si2O7)2(OH)2(H2O)2
System:
Monoclinic
Colour:
Deep reddish brown, ...
Lustre:
Vitreous
Hardness:
4 - 5
Name:
Named as mosandrite in 1840 by Axel Joakim Erdmann in honor of the Swedish chemist and mineralogist Carl Gustav Mosander (1797-1858) who had discovered and described the element Lanthanum in 1839 (Erdmann 1840, Berzelius 1841).
Name was changed by IMA in 2016 from mosandrite to mosandrite-(Ce) (IMA 16-A).
See also rinkite-(Ce).
Mosandrite-(Ce) specimens may often shows signs of hydrothermally alteration. At the TL (Låven, Langesundsfjorden, Norway) the alteration products may be a mixture of fluorite, pyrochlore, calcite, magnetite, pyrophanite and lorenzenite (Raade 1967).

The status and definitions of the closely related Na-Ca-REE-Ti-Nb silicates of the rinkite group has been debated (Semenov 1969, Fleischer 1958, 1987): Since mosandrite has a distinctly higher H2O and lower Na content than f.ex. rinkite and nacareniobsite-(Ce), it has been suggested that mosandrite is a hydrothermal alteration of a primary rinkite phase. Fleisher (1958,1987) suggested therefore that both rinkite, and the varities of mosandrite (johnstrupite, rinkolite and lovchorrite), and calcium rinkite should all be defined as Mosandrite. However, Bellezza et al. (2009), based on thermogravity (TG), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and structural analysis showed that mosandrite is a distinct species, distinct from rinkite and the other valid species in the group.


Classification of Mosandrite-(Ce)

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
Notes:
Redefined by the IMA, Renamed by the IMA
First Published:
1841
Approval History:
2009: Redefinition of mosandrite as Ti(□,Ca,Na)3(Ca,REE)4(Si2O7)2[H2O,OH,F]4·H2O. IMA09-C
2016: Name changed from mosandrite to mosandrite-(Ce) (IMA 16-A).
9.BE.20

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
B : Sorosilicates
E : Si2O7 groups, with additional anions; cations in octahedral [6] and greater coordination
56.2.5.1

56 : SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
2 : Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
17.1.21

17 : Silicates Containing other Anions
1 : Silicates with fluoride (not containing Al)

Physical Properties of Mosandrite-(Ce)

Vitreous
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Translucent
Comment:
Resinous to greasy on fractures
Colour:
Deep reddish brown, brownish green, yellowish; greenish yellow
Streak:
Pale yellow, yellowish green
Hardness (Mohs):
4 - 5
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Distinct/Good
on {100}
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven, Conchoidal
Density:
3.2 - 3.4 g/cm3 (Measured)    

Optical Data of Mosandrite-(Ce)

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.646 nβ = 1.649 nγ = 1.658
2V:
Measured: 43° to 87°, Calculated: 62°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.012
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
r > v strong

Chemical Properties of Mosandrite-(Ce)

IMA Formula:
(Ca3Ce)[(H2O)2Ca0.50.5]Ti(Si2O7)2(OH)2(H2O)2
Elements listed in formula:

Crystallography of Mosandrite-(Ce)

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
P21/b
Space Group Setting:
P21/c
Cell Parameters:
a = 7.398(1) Å, b = 5.595(1) Å, c = 18.662(2) Å
β = 101.37(1)°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 1.322 : 1 : 3.335
Unit Cell Volume:
V 757.29 ų
Z:
2
Morphology:
Lath-shaped, prismatic crystals, flattened on {110}, elongated along [001]
Comment:
Data from Bellezza et al. 2009, Spacegroup is P21/c
X-Ray Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
3.041 (100)
2.675 (39)
2.920 (30)
2.765 (29)
3.538 (28)
9.107 (25)
2.005 (21)
3.083 (19)
1.801 (18)

Type Occurrence of Mosandrite-(Ce)

Relationship of Mosandrite-(Ce) to other Species

Other Members of Group:
Batievaite-(Y)Y2Ca2Ti(Si2O7)2(OH)2(H2O)4
Fogoite-(Y)Na3Ca2Y2Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
GötzeniteNaCa6Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
GrenmariteNa4MnZr3(Si2O7)2O2F2
Hainite-(Y)Na2Ca4(Y,REE)Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
KochiteNa3Ca2MnZrTi(Si2O7)2OF3
Nacareniobsite-(Ce)NbNa3Ca3(Ce,REE )(Si2O7)2OF3
Rinkite-(Ce)See also Mosandrite-(Ce).
RosenbuschiteNa6Ca6Zr3Ti(Si2O7)4O2F6
SeidozeriteNa4MnZr2Ti(Si2O7)2O2F2
Structurally related to group(s):
9.BE.02WadsleyiteMg2SiO4
9.BE.05HennomartiniteSrMn23+Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
9.BE.05LawsoniteCaAl2Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
9.BE.05NoelbensoniteBaMn23+Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
9.BE.05ItoigawaiteSrAl2Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
9.BE.07IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+O(Si2O7)(OH)
9.BE.07ManganilvaiteCaFe2+Fe3+Mn2+(Si2O7)O(OH)
9.BE.10SuoluniteCa2Si2O5(OH)2 · H2O
9.BE.12JaffeiteCa6Si2O7(OH)6
9.BE.15FresnoiteBa2TiO(Si2O7)
9.BE.17BaghdaditeCa3Zr(Si2O7)O2
9.BE.17BurpaliteNa2CaZr(Si2O7)F2
9.BE.17CuspidineCa4(Si2O7)F2
9.BE.17Hiortdahlite(Na,Ca)2Ca4Zr(Mn,Ti,Fe)(Si2O7)2(F,O)4
9.BE.17Janhaugite(Na,Ca)3(Mn2+,Fe2+)3(Ti,Zr,Nb)2(Si2O7)2O2(OH,F)2
9.BE.17Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti,Nb)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
9.BE.17NiocaliteCa7Nb(Si2O7)2O3F
9.BE.17NormanditeNaCa(Mn,Fe)(Ti,Nb,Zr)(Si2O7)OF
9.BE.17WöhleriteNaCa2(Zr,Nb)(Si2O7)(O,F)2
9.BE.17Hiortdahlite INa4Ca8Zr2(Nb,Mn,Ti,Fe,Mg,Al)2(Si2O7)4O3F5
9.BE.17MarianoiteNa2Ca4(Nb,Zr)2(Si2O7)2(O,F)4
9.BE.20Nacareniobsite-(Ce)(Ca3Ce)Na3Nb(Si2O7)2(OF)F2
9.BE.22GötzeniteCa4NaCa2Ti(Si2O7)2(OF)F2
9.BE.22Hainite-(Y)(Ca3Y)Na(NaCa)Ti(Si2O7)2(OF)F2
9.BE.22RosenbuschiteCa6Zr2Na6ZrTi(Si2O7)4(OF)2F4
9.BE.22KochiteCa2MnZrNa3Ti(Si2O7)2(OF)F2
9.BE.23DovyreniteCa6Zr(Si2O7)2(OH)4
9.BE.25Barytolamprophyllite(BaK)Ti2Na3Ti(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2
9.BE.25EricssoniteBaMn22+Fe3+(Si2O7)O(OH)
9.BE.25Lamprophyllite(SrNa)Ti2Na3Ti(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2
9.BE.25Ericssonite-2OBaMn22+Fe3+(Si2O7)O(OH)
9.BE.25SeidozeriteNa2Zr2Na2MnTi(Si2O7)2O2F2
9.BE.25Nabalamprophyllite(BaNa)Ti2Na3Ti(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2
9.BE.25GrenmariteNa2Zr2Na2MnZr(Si2O7)2O2F2
9.BE.25SchülleriteBa2Ti2Na2Mg2(Si2O7)2O2F2
9.BE.25LileyiteBa2Ti2Na2Fe2+Mg(Si2O7)2O2F2
9.BE.27MurmaniteNa2Ti2Na2Ti2(Si2O7)2O4(H2O)4
9.BE.30Epistolite(Na◻)Nb2Na3Ti(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2(H2O)4
9.BE.32LomonosoviteNa6Na2Ti2Na2Ti2(Si2O7)2(PO4)2O4
9.BE.35VuonnemiteNa6Na2Nb2Na3Ti(Si2O7)2(PO4)2O2(OF)
9.BE.37SoboleviteNa6(Na2Ca)(NaCaMn)Na2Ti2Na2(TiMn)(Si2O7)2(PO4)4O2(OF)F2
9.BE.40InneliteBa4Ti2Na(NaCa)Ti(Si2O7)2[(SO4)(PO4)]O2[O(OH)]
9.BE.40PhosphoinneliteNa3Ba4Ti3Si4O14(PO4)2O2F
9.BE.42YoshimuraiteBa4Mn42+Ti2(Si2O7)2(PO4)2O2(OH)2
9.BE.45QuadruphiteNa6Na2(CaNa)2Na2Ti2Na2Ti2(Si2O7)2(PO4)4O4F2
9.BE.47PolyphiteNa6(Na4Ca2)2Na2Ti2Na2Ti2(Si2O7)2(PO4)6O4F4
9.BE.50BornemaniteNa6(Na◻)Ba2Ti2Nb2(Si2O7)4(PO4)2O4(OH)2F2
9.BE.50ShkatulkaliteNa10MnTi3Nb3(Si2O7)6(OH)2F · 12H2O
9.BE.55BafertisiteBa2Fe42+Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2F2
9.BE.55HejtmaniteBa2Mn42+Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2F2
9.BE.55Bykovaite(Ba,Na,K)2(Na,Ti,Mn)4(Ti,Nb)2O2Si4O14(H2O,F,OH)2 · 3.5H2O
9.BE.55Nechelyustovite(Na◻)◻2Ba4Ti4Nb4(Na11◻)Ti4(Si2O7)8O8(OH)8(H2O)12
9.BE.60DelindeiteBa2Ti2(Na2◻)Ti(Si2O7)2(OH)2(H2O)2O2
9.BE.65BusseniteBa4(Na,◻)2(Fe2+,Na)2Ti2(Si2O7)2(CO3)2O2(OH)2(H2O)2F2
9.BE.67JinshajiangiteBaNaFe42+Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2F
9.BE.67PerraultiteNaBaMn4Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2F
9.BE.67SurkhobiteKBa3Ca2Na2Mn16Ti8(Si2O7)8O8(OH)4(F,O,OH)8
9.BE.70Karnasurtite-(Ce)CeTiAlSi2O7(OH)4 · 3H2O
9.BE.70Perrierite-(Ce)Ce4MgFe23+Ti24+O8(Si2O7)2
9.BE.70Strontiochevkinite(Sr,Ce,La)4Fe2+(Ti,Zr)4O8(Si2O7)2
9.BE.70Chevkinite-(Ce)Ce4(Ti,Fe2+,Fe3+)5O8(Si2O7)2
9.BE.70Polyakovite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)4MgCr2(Ti,Nb)2Si4O22
9.BE.70RengeiteSr4Ti4ZrO8(Si2O7)2
9.BE.70MatsubaraiteSr4Ti5O8(Si2O7)2
9.BE.70Dingdaohengite-(Ce)(Ce3+,La)4Fe2+(Ti,Fe2+,Mg,Fe3+)2Ti2Si4O22
9.BE.70Maoniupingite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)4(Fe3+,Ti,Fe2+,◻)(Ti,Fe3+,Fe2+,Nb)4Si4O22
9.BE.70Perrierite-(La)(La,Ce,Ca)4(Fe2+,Mn)(Ti,Fe3+,Al)4(Si2O7)2O8
9.BE.70UKI-2008-(SiO:SrTiZr)Sr4ZrTi4(Si2O7)2O8
9.BE.70Hezuolinite(Sr,REE)4Zr(Ti,Fe3+,Fe2+)2Ti2O8(Si2O7)2
9.BE.72FersmaniteCa4(Na,Ca)4(Ti,Nb)4(Si2O7)2O8F3
9.BE.75BelkoviteBa3Nb6(Si2O7)2O12
9.BE.77NasoniteCa4Pb6(Si2O7)3Cl2
9.BE.80KentrolitePb2Mn23+O2(Si2O7)
9.BE.80MelanotekitePb2Fe23+O2Si2O7
9.BE.82TilleyiteCa5Si2O7(CO3)2
9.BE.85KillalaiteCa3.2[H0.6Si2O7](OH)
9.BE.87Stavelotite-(La)La3Mn32+Cu2+(Mn3+,Fe3+,Mn4+)26(Si2O7)6O30
9.BE.90Biraite-(Ce)Ce2Fe2+Si2O7(CO3)
9.BE.92Cervandonite-(Ce)(Ce,Nd,La)(Fe3+,Ti,Fe2+,Al)3O2(Si2O7)1-x+y(AsO3)1+x-y(OH)3x-3y, x=0.5, y=0.3
9.BE.95BatisiviteBaTi6(V,Cr)8Si2O29
17.1.1HectoriteNa0.3(Mg,Li)3Si4O10(F,OH)2 · nH2O
17.1.3AgrelliteNaCa2Si4O10F
17.1.4Fluorapophyllite-(Na)NaCa4Si8O20F · 8H2O
17.1.5Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4Si8O20F · 8H2O
17.1.6Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4Si8O20(OH,F) · 8H2O
17.1.7HsianghualiteLi2Ca3Be3(SiO4)3F2
17.1.8LeucophaniteNaCaBeSi2O6F
17.1.9NorbergiteMg3SiO4F2
17.1.10ChondroditeMg5(SiO4)2F2
17.1.11HumiteMg7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
17.1.12ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
17.1.13CanasiteK3Na3Ca5Si12O30(OH)4
17.1.14Charoite(K,Sr,Ba,Mn)15-16(Ca,Na)32Si70(O,OH)180(OH,F)4 · nH2O
17.1.15CuspidineCa4(Si2O7)F2
17.1.16BultfonteiniteCa2[SiO3(OH)]F · H2O
17.1.17ZeophylliteCa13Si10O28(OH)2F8 · 6H2O
17.1.18Rowlandite-(Y)Fe2+Y4(Si2O7)2F2
17.1.19YuksporiteK4(Ca,Na)14(Sr,Ba)2(◻,Mn,Fe)(Ti,Nb)4(O,OH)4(Si6O17)2(Si2O7)3(H2O,OH)3
17.1.20Yftisite-(Y)(Y,Dy,Er)4(Ti,Sn)(SiO4)2O(F,OH)6
17.1.22Hiortdahlite(Na,Ca)2Ca4Zr(Mn,Ti,Fe)(Si2O7)2(F,O)4
17.1.23BurpaliteNa2CaZr(Si2O7)F2
17.1.24SeidozeriteNa2Zr2Na2MnTi(Si2O7)2O2F2
17.1.25Thorosteenstrupine(Ca,Th,Mn)3Si4O11F · 6H2O
17.1.26ZircophylliteK2NaMn72+Zr2(Si4O12)2O2(OH)4F
17.1.27JinshajiangiteBaNaFe42+Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2F
17.1.28RosenbuschiteCa6Zr2Na6ZrTi(Si2O7)4(OF)2F4
17.1.29NarsarsukiteNa2(Ti,Fe3+)Si4(O,F)11
17.1.30SonoliteMn92+(SiO4)4(OH)2

Other Names for Mosandrite-(Ce)

Other Information

Other Information:
May be weakly radioactive (Langesundsfjorden area, Norway)
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Mosandrite-(Ce)

Reference List:
Erdmann, A. (1840) Undersökning af Leukophan, ett nytt mineral från trakten af Brevig i Norrige. Kongliga Svenska Vetenskaps-Akademiens Handlingar, 191-200 (First appearance of the name mosandrite, but without any data)

Brøgger, W.C.(1890) Die Mineralien der Syenitpegmatitgänge der südnorwegischen Augit- und Nephelinsyenite. Zeitschrift fur Kristallographie und Mineralogie, 16, 663 pp + 28 plates.

Fleischer, M. (1958) New Data - Rinkite, Johnstrupite, Rinkolite, Lovchorrite, and Calcium Rinkite (all = Mosandrite). American Mineralogist 43, 795.

Powder Diffraction File (International Center for Diffraction Data) 45-1422.

Raade, G. (1967) Ramsayite as an alteration product of mosandrite. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift. 47: 249-250

Semenov, E. I. (1969): The mineralogy of the Ilimaussaq Alkaline Massif (South Greenland). Nauka, Moscow, Rissia (in Russ.)

Galli, E., Albertini, A. (1971) The crystal structure of rinkite. Acta Crystallographica B27: 1277-1284.

Fleischer, M. (1987): Glossary of Mineral Species (5th.ed.). mineralogical Record., Inxc., New York, N.Y.

Horváth, L., Gault, R.G. (1990) The mineralogy of Mont Saint Hilaire. Mineralogical Record 21, 284.

Bellezza, M. (2005) Crystal-chemical study of Zr,Ti,Nb,REE-disilicates with general formula M16(Si2O7)4(O,OH,F)8, belonging to the cuspidine, gotzenite-rosenbuschite-seidozerite and rinkite families. Plinius, 31, 51-54.

Sokolova, E., Cámara, F. (2008) From structure topology to chemical composition. VIII. Titanium silicates: the crystal chemistry of mosandrite from type locality of Låven (Skådön), Langesundsfjorden, Larvik, Vestfold, Norway. Mineralogical Magazine 72, 887-897.

Bellezza, M., Merlino, S., Perchiazzi, N. (2009) Mosandrite: structural and crystal-chemical relationships with rinkite. Canadian Mineralogist 47, 897-908.

Internet Links for Mosandrite-(Ce)

mindat.org URL:
https://www.mindat.org/min-2787.html
Please feel free to link to this page.
Specimens:
The following Mosandrite-(Ce) specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.

Localities for Mosandrite-(Ce)

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Brazil
 
  • Minas Gerais
ATENCIO, D., COUTINHO, J.M.C., ULBRICH, M.N.C., VLACH, S.R.F., RASTVETAEVA, R.K. & PUSHCHAROVSKY, D.Yu. (1999) Hainite from Poços de Caldas, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Canadian Mineralogist, 37, 91-98.
Canada
 
  • Newfoundland and Labrador
    • Labrador
GSC locality database
  • Québec
    • Abitibi-Témiscamingue
      • Témiscamingue RCM
        • Les Lacs-du-Témiscamingue
Strübel, Zimmer: "Lexikon der Minerale", 2nd Ed., 1991; Kenneth L. Currie and Otto van Breemen (1996)The origin of rare minerals in the Kipawa syenite complex, western Quebec. Can Mineral 34:435-451
    • Montérégie
      • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
        • Mont Saint-Hilaire
Sokolova, E. & Cámara, F. (2008): From structure topology to chemical composition. VIII. Titanium silicates: the crystal chemistry of mosandrite from type locality of Låven (Skådön), Langesundsfjorden, Larvik, Vestfold, Norway. Mineralogical Magazine 72, 887-897. Bellezza, M., S. Merlino, and N. Perchiazzi (2009), Mosandrite: structural and crystal-chemical relationships with rinkite. Canadian Mineralogist 47, 897-908. CÁMARA, F., SOKOLOVA, E., and HAWTHORNE, F.C. (2011) From structure topology to chemical composition. XII. Titanium silicates: the crystal chemistry of rinkite, Na2Ca4REETi(Si2O7)OF3. Mineralogical Magazine, 75, 2755-2774.
      • Lajemmerais RCM
        • Varennes & St-Amable
HORVÁTH, L., PFENNINGER HORVÁTH, E., GAULT, R.A., and TARASSOFF, P. (1998) Mineralogy of the Saint Amable sill, Varennes and Saint Amable, Québec, Canada. Mineralogical Record, 29, 83 118.
Grice J D, Gault R A (1995) Varennesite, a new species of hydrated Na-Mn silicate with a unique monophyllosilicate structure, The Canadian Mineralogist 33, 1073-1081
    • Montréal
      • Montréal-Est
Horváth Collection - confirmed by XRD
  • Québec & Newfoundland and Labrador
Miller (1996), Canadian Mineralogist: 34:349-371; Salvi & Williams-Jones (1995); Am.Min.: 80:1031-1040; Miller (1990), Newfoundland Dept. of Mines & Energy Geol. Sur. Report 90-1: 171-182.; BIRKETT, T.C., MILLER, R.R., ROBERTS, A.C., & MARIANO, A.N. (1992) Zirconium bearing minerals from the Strange Lake intrusive complex, Quebec Labrador. Canadian Mineralogist, 30, 191-205.
  • Yukon
    • Watson Lake Mining District
Geol, Survey of Canada database
China
 
  • Hebei Province
    • Zhangjiakou Prefecture
      • Yangyuan Co.
Zhang Peishan, Yang Zhuming, Tao Kejie, and Yang Xueming (1996): Mineralogy and Geology of Rare Earths in China. Science Press (Beijing), pp. 226.
  • Liaoning Province (Manchuria; Dongbei Region)
    • Dandong Prefecture
      • Fengcheng Co.
        • Saima complex
Saima Deposit Research Group, Beijing Institute of Uranium Geology (1978): Scientia Sinica 11(3), 365-389
Zhang Peishan, Yang Zhuming, Tao Kejie, and Yang Xueming (1996): "Mineralogy and Geology of Rare Earths in China", Science Press (Beijing), 226 pp.
Greenland
 
  • Kujalleq
    • Narsaq
      • Igaliku (Igaliko)
Finch, A. A., Goodenough, K. M., Salmon, H. M., & Andersen, T. (2001). The petrology and petrogenesis of the North Motzfeldt Centre, Gardar Province, South Greenland. Mineralogical Magazine, 65, 759-774.
Coulson, I. M. (1997). Post-magmatic alteration in eudialyte from the North Qoroq centre, South Greenland. Mineralogical Magazine, 61(1), 99-109.
Petersen, O.V. (2001): List of all minerals identified in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin. 190, 25-33
  • Sermersooq
http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/green.htm
Guinea
 
Biagioni, C., Merlino, S., Parodi, G. C., & Perchiazzi, N. (2012). Crystal Chemistry of Minerals of the Wöhlerite Group from the Los Archipelago, Guinea. The Canadian Mineralogist, 50(3), 593-609.
Norway
 
  • Telemark
    • Porsgrunn
      • Eidanger
        • Bergsbygda
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 pp.
      • Langesundsfjorden
        • Risøya
Ragnar Hansen find 1975
        • Siktesøya
Larsen, A.O. & Erambert, Muriel (2010): Mosandritt og rinkitt fra nefelinsyenittpegmatitter i Langesundsfjordområdet. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift.43: 95-102
      • Mørje
        • Sagåsen
Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1996): Die Mineralien des Langesundsfjords und des umgebenden Larvikit-Gebietes, Oslo-Region, Norwegen. MineralienWelt 7(4):21-100
Larsen, A.O. & Erambert, Muriel (2010): Mosandritt og rinkitt fra nefelinsyenittpegmatitter i Langesundsfjordområdet. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift.43: 95-102
  • Vestfold
    • Larvik
      • Langesundsfjorden
        • Arøyskjærene (Arøy skerries)
Larsen, A.O. & Erambert, Muriel (2010): Mosandritt og rinkitt fra nefelinsyenittpegmatitter i Langesundsfjordområdet. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift.43: 95-102
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 pp (p.151)
        • Barkevik area
Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1996): Die Mineralien des Langesundsfjords und des umgebenden Larvikit-Gebietes, Oslo-Region, Norwegen. MineralienWelt 7(4):21-100
Brøgger, W.C.(1890): Die Mineralien der Syenitpegmatitegänge der südnorwegischen Augit- und Nephelinsyenite. Zeitschrift fur Kristallographie und Mineralogie 16, p 86;Larsen, A.O. & Erambert, Muriel (2010): Mosandritt og rinkitt fra nefelinsyenittpegmatitter i Langesundsfjordområdet. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift.43: 95-102
Larsen, A.O. & Erambert, Muriel (2010): Mosandritt og rinkitt fra nefelinsyenittpegmatitter i Langesundsfjordområdet. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift.43: 95-102
Brøgger,W.C.(1890):Die Mineralien der Syenitpegmatitegänge der südnorwegischen Augit- und Nephelinsyenite. Zeitschrift fur Kristallographie und Mineralogie 16, XVI,663 pp; Sokolova, E. & Cámara, F. (2008): From structure topology to chemical composition. VIII. Titanium silicates: the crystal chemistry of mosandrite from type locality of Låven (Skådön), Langesundsfjorden, Larvik, Vestfold, Norway. Mineralogical Magazine 72, 887-897.
        • Stokkøya (Stokø; Stockö; Stocköe)
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p.
      • Tvedalen
Larsen, A.O. & Erambert, Muriel (2010): Mosandritt og rinkitt fra nefelinsyenittpegmatitter i Langesundsfjordområdet. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift.43: 95-102
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia)
      • Aldan Shield
        • Chara and Tokko Rivers Confluence
[Lapis 1993:4 p.13-20]
    • Tuva Republic
      • Sangilen Upland
Kapustin, Y. L., & Bykova, A. V. (1965). First find of hiortdahlite in the USSR. Doklady Akad. Nauk SSSR, 161, 121-124.
  • Northern Region
    • Murmanskaja Oblast'
      • Kola Peninsula
        • Khibiny Massif
Knut Edvard Larsen collection # 1030
[World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]
Pavel M. Kartashov data
PEKOV, I.V. & NIKOLAEV, A.P. (2013) Minerals of the pegmatites and hydrothermal assemblages of the Koashva deposit (Khibiny, Kola Peninsula, Russia). Mineralogical Almanac 189(2), 7-65.
Khomyakov, A.P., Nechelyustov, G.N., Rastsvetaeva, R.K., Rozenberg, K.A. (2008): Andrianovite, Na12(K,Sr,Ce)3Ca6Mn3Zr3NbSi25O73(O,H2O,OH)5-a new potassium-rich mineral of the eudialyte group from Khibiny alkaline massif, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Zapiski RMO (Proceedings of the Russian Mineralogical Society), 137(2), 43-52. [English translation: Geology of Ore Deposits 50,705-712(2008)]
ZRMO 138(2),52-66(2009)
P.M. Kartashov data
Fersman A.E. Smol'yaninov N.A., Bonshtedt E.M. (1937) Minerals of Khibinskih and Lovozerskih tundras, - Moskow-Leningrad, AN SSSR publishers, p.563 (in Rus.)
          • Yukspor Mt
[World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]
Mineraly Khibinskih i Lovozerskih tundr, - under red. A.E. Fersman, 1937,pp.354-370
www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/lovo.htm
South Africa
 
  • North West Province
    • Bojanala Platinum District
      • Western Bushveld Complex
        • Pilanesberg Alkaline Complex
Minerals of South Africa
Sweden
 
  • Småland
    • Jönköping
      • Gränna
Thulin, H. (1996): Norra Kärr. Litiofilen 13: 17-51; Thulin, H. (2000): Norra Kärr-Några nya fynd och undersökningar. Litiofilen, 17 (2): 25-45
  • Uppland
    • Uppsala
      • Almunge
Quensel, P. (1912): Undersökningar öfver alkalisyeniten och nefelinsyenit-bergarterna i Almunge socken i Upland. GFF 34 (7), 695-700
Tajikistan
 
  • Region of Republican Subordination
    • Tien Shan Mtn
      • Alai Range (Alayskiy)
http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/dara.htm
USA
 
  • Arkansas
Howard, 1987. Mineral Species of Arkansas, addenda
Howard, 1987. Mineral Species of Arkansas, addenda
      • Little Rock
Rocks and Minerals, (1988) 63:104-125; Rocks and Minerals, (1989) 64:314-322
Henry Barwood - unpublished (2010)
  • New Hampshire
    • Carroll Co.
      • Moultonborough
Woolley, A.R. (1987), Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World
  • New Mexico
    • Colfax Co.
      • Springer
        • Point of Rocks Mesa (Pecks Mesa)
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
    • Otero Co.
      • Cornudas Mts
Mineral and/or Locality  
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