SUPPORT US. Covid-19 has significantly affected our fundraising. Please help!
Log InRegister
Home PageAbout MindatThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusWho We AreContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatCorporate SponsorshipSponsor a PageSponsored PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on Mindat
Learning CenterWhat is a mineral?The most common minerals on earthInformation for EducatorsMindat ArticlesThe ElementsBooks & Magazines
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryAdvanced Locality SearchRandom MineralRandom LocalitySearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch ArticlesSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
Keyword(s):
 
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportCoordinate Completion ReportAdd Glossary Item
Mining CompaniesStatisticsUsersMineral MuseumsMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryDevice SettingsThe Mineral Quiz
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesSearch by ColorNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day GalleryMineral Photography

Aplowite

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Hide all sections | Show all sections

About AplowiteHide

00038280015822421634896.jpg
Albert P. Low
Formula:
(Co,Mn,Ni)SO4 · 4H2O
Colour:
Bright pink
Lustre:
Vitreous
Hardness:
3
Specific Gravity:
2.33
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Member of:
Name:
Named in honor of Albert Peter Low (24 May 1861, Montreal, Quebec, Canada - 9 October 1942, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada), geologist and former director of the Geological Survey of Canada. His explorations of 1893–1895 were important in declaring Canada's sovereignty over the Arctic.
Rozenite Group. The Co analogue of rozenite, ilesite, etc. Chemically also analogous to drobecite (same point group, different space group).

It is a higher hydrate when compared to cobaltkieserite, and lower hydrate when compared to bieberite and moorhouseite.


Classification of AplowiteHide

Approved
First published:
1965
7.CB.15

7 : SULFATES (selenates, tellurates, chromates, molybdates, wolframates)
C : Sulfates (selenates, etc.) without additional anions, with H2O
B : With only medium-sized cations
Dana 7th ed.:
29.6.6.4
29.6.6.4

29 : HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
6 : AXO4·xH2O
25.12.3

25 : Sulphates
12 : Sulphates of Co and Ni

Physical Properties of AplowiteHide

Vitreous
Transparency:
Translucent
Colour:
Bright pink
Streak:
White
Hardness:
Comment:
ca. 3
Density:
2.33 g/cm3 (Measured)    2.36 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of AplowiteHide

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.528 nγ = 1.536
Warning: number_format() expects parameter 1 to be float, string given in /home/mindat/www/show_class.php on line 4295
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.008
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
weak

Chemical Properties of AplowiteHide

Formula:
(Co,Mn,Ni)SO4 · 4H2O
IMA Formula:
Co(SO4) · 4H2O
Common Impurities:
Mn,Ni

Crystallography of AplowiteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Cell Parameters:
a = 5.93 Å, b = 13.54 Å, c = 7.88 Å
β = 90.55°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.438 : 1 : 0.582
Unit Cell V:
632.67 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4
Comment:
Space group is P21/n

Crystal StructureHide

Load
Unit Cell | Unit Cell Packed
2x2x2 | 3x3x3 | 4x4x4
Show
Big Balls | Small Balls | Just Balls | Spacefill
Polyhedra Off | Si Polyhedra | All Polyhedra
Remove metal-metal sticks
Display Options
Black Background | White Background
Perspective On | Perspective Off
2D | Stereo | Red-Blue | Red-Cyan
View
CIF File    Best | x | y | z | a | b | c
Rotation
Stop | Start
Labels
Console Off | On | Grey | Yellow
IDSpeciesReferenceLinkYearLocalityPressure (GPa)Temp (K)
0010272AplowiteKellersohn T (1992) Structure of cobalt sulfate tetrahydrate Acta Crystallographica C48 776-7791992synthetic0293
CIF Raw Data - click here to close

Type Occurrence of AplowiteHide

General Appearance of Type Material:
Efflorescences with sulfides
Place of Conservation of Type Material:
National School of Mines, Paris, France.
Canadian Geological Survey, Ottawa, Canada, 12145
Geological Setting of Type Material:
Efflorescences from a hydrothermal sulphide orebody associated with a large barite deposit.
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:
Reference:
Jambor, J.L., Boyle, R.W. (1965) Moorhouseite and aplowite, new cobalt minerals from Walton, Nova Scotia. The Canadian Mineralogist: 8: 166-171.

Synonyms of AplowiteHide

Other Language Names for AplowiteHide

German:Aplowit
Spanish:Aplowita

Relationship of Aplowite to other SpeciesHide

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
Boyleite(Zn,Mg)SO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
DrobeciteCdSO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
Ilesite(Mn,Zn,Fe)SO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m
RozeniteFeSO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
StarkeyiteMgSO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

7.CB.05Dwornikite(Ni,Fe)SO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.CB.05GunningiteZnSO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.CB.05KieseriteMgSO4 · H2OMon. 2/m
7.CB.05Poitevinite(Cu,Fe)SO4 · H2OTric.
7.CB.05SzmikiteMnSO4 · H2OMon.
7.CB.05SzomolnokiteFeSO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.CB.05CobaltkieseriteCoSO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.CB.07SanderiteMgSO4 · 2H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
7.CB.10BonattiteCuSO4 · 3H2OMon.
7.CB.15Boyleite(Zn,Mg)SO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.15Ilesite(Mn,Zn,Fe)SO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m
7.CB.15RozeniteFeSO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.15StarkeyiteMgSO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.15DrobeciteCdSO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
7.CB.15CranswickiteMgSO4 · 4H2OMon. m : Bb
7.CB.20ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2OTric. 1 : P1
7.CB.20JôkokuiteMnSO4 · 5H2OTric.
7.CB.20PentahydriteMgSO4 · 5H2OTric.
7.CB.20SiderotilFeSO4 · 5H2OTric.
7.CB.25Bianchite(Zn,Fe)SO4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
7.CB.25Chvaleticeite(Mn,Mg)SO4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.CB.25FerrohexahydriteFeSO4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.CB.25HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
7.CB.25Moorhouseite(Co,Ni,Mn)SO4 · 6H2OMon.
7.CB.25Nickelhexahydrite(Ni,Mg,Fe)SO4 · 6H2OMon.
7.CB.30RetgersiteNiSO4 · 6H2OTet. 4 2 2 : P41 21 2
7.CB.35BieberiteCoSO4 · 7H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
7.CB.35BoothiteCuSO4 · 7H2OMon.
7.CB.35MallarditeMnSO4 · 7H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
7.CB.35MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.35Zincmelanterite(Zn,Cu,Fe)SO4 · 7H2OMon.
7.CB.35Alpersite(Mg,Cu)(SO4) · 7H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.40EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
7.CB.40GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
7.CB.40MorenositeNiSO4 · 7H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
7.CB.45AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2OTric. 1
7.CB.45Meta-alunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 12H2O
7.CB.50AluminocoquimbiteAl2Fe2(SO4)6(H2O)12 · 6H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3 1c
7.CB.55CoquimbiteAlFe3(SO4)6(H2O)12 · 6H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3 1c
7.CB.55ParacoquimbiteFe4(SO4)6(H2O)12 · 6H2OTrig. 3 : R3
7.CB.55Rhomboclase(H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
7.CB.60KorneliteFe2(SO4)3 · 7H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
7.CB.65QuenstedtiteFe2(SO4)3 · 11H2OTric. 1 : P1
7.CB.70LauseniteFe2(SO4)3 · 5H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
7.CB.75LishizheniteZnFe2(SO4)4 · 14H2OTric. 1 : P1
7.CB.75RömeriteFe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 14H2OTric. 1 : P1
7.CB.80RansomiteCuFe2(SO4)4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.85ApjohniteMn2+Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon.
7.CB.85BíliniteFe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.85Dietrichite(Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.85HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon. 2 : P2
7.CB.85PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.85Redingtonite(Fe2+,Mg,Ni)(Cr,Al)2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon.
7.CB.85Wupatkiite(Co,Mg,Ni)Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon.
7.CB.90MeridianiiteMgSO4 · 11H2OTric. 1 : P1

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

29.6.6.1RozeniteFeSO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
29.6.6.2StarkeyiteMgSO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
29.6.6.3Ilesite(Mn,Zn,Fe)SO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m
29.6.6.5Boyleite(Zn,Mg)SO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
29.6.6.7CranswickiteMgSO4 · 4H2OMon. m : Bb
29.6.6.8MeridianiiteMgSO4 · 11H2OTric. 1 : P1

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

25.12.1BieberiteCoSO4 · 7H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
25.12.2CobaltzippeiteCo(UO2)2(SO4)O2 · 3.5H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
25.12.4Moorhouseite(Co,Ni,Mn)SO4 · 6H2OMon.
25.12.5RetgersiteNiSO4 · 6H2OTet. 4 2 2 : P41 21 2
25.12.6MorenositeNiSO4 · 7H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
25.12.7NickelblöditeNa2(Ni,Mg)(SO4)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
25.12.8Nickelboussingaultite(NH4)2Ni(SO4)2 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
25.12.9NickelzippeiteNi2(UO2)6(SO4)3(OH)10 · 16H2O Mon.
25.12.10Dwornikite(Ni,Fe)SO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
25.12.11Honessite(Ni1-xFe3+x)(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2OTrig.
25.12.12Hydrohonessite(Ni1-xFe3+x)(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2OHex.
25.12.13Nickelhexahydrite(Ni,Mg,Fe)SO4 · 6H2OMon.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for AplowiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Jambor, J.L., Boyle, R.W. (1965) Moorhouseite and aplowite, new cobalt minerals from Walton, Nova Scotia. The Canadian Mineralogist: 8: 166-171.
Fleischer, M. (1965) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 50: 805-813.
Kellersohn, T. (1992) Structure of cobalt sulfate tetrahydrate. Acta Crystallographica: C48: 776-779.
Anthony, J.W., Bideaux, R.A., Bladh, K.W., Nichols, M.C., Eds. (2016) Handbook of Mineralogy, Mineralogical Society of America, Chantilly, VA 20151-1110, USA. http://www.handbookofmineralogy.org/

Internet Links for AplowiteHide

Localities for AplowiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Canada (TL)
 
  • Nova Scotia
    • Hants Co.
      • Walton
Jambor, J.L., Boyle, R.W. (1965) Moorhousite and Aplowite, New Cobalt Minerals from Walton, Nova Scotia. Canadian Mineralogist: 8(2): 166-171; Transactions of the Canadian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy and the Mining Society of Nova Scotia: 69: p398.
Costa Rica
 
  • Cartago Province
    • Irazú Volcano
Ulloa, A., Gázquez, F., Sanz-Arranz, A., Medina, J., Rull, F., Calaforra, J.M., Alvarado, G.E., Martinez, M., Avard, G., de Moor, J., De Waele, J. (2018) Extremely high diversity of sulfate minerals in caves of the Irazú Volcano (Costa Rica) related to crater lake and fumarolic activity. International Journal of Speleology, 47(2), 229-246.
Greece
 
  • Attica
    • East Attica
      • Lavreotiki
        • Lavrion mining district
          • Plaka
            • Plaka Mines
Hanke, H. (1994): Neues aus Lavrion: Eisen-, kupfer- und kobalthaltige Hydro-Sulfate aus dem Revier Plaka. Emser Hefte, 1994 (2).
Branko Rieck Collection
  • East Macedonia and Thrace
    • Evros
Skarpelis, N., & Triantafyllidis, S. (2004). Environmental impact from supergene alteration and exploitation of a high sulphidation epithermal type mineralisation (Kirki, NE Greece). Applied Earth Science, 113(1), 110-116.
Norway
 
  • Nordland
    • Hamarøy
      • Drag
        • Lapplægeret
Husdal, T. (2019) Nyfunn av mineraler fra Tysfjord-pegmatittene, Nordland. Norsk Mineralsymposium 2019: 31-46
Russia
 
  • Murmansk Oblast
    • Khibiny Massif
  • Orenburg Oblast
E. Shcherbakova et al. : "The rarest Cobalt-Containing Sulfates from the South Ural, Russia", 5th International Conference "Mineralogy & Museums", Paris, Sept. 5-8th 2004, Bull. de Liaison de la Soc. Franç. de Minéralogie et Cristallographie, 2004, Vol 16, N°2.
USA
 
  • Alaska
    • Valdez-Cordova Census Area
      • Chisana Mining District
U. S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-195
 
Mineral and/or Locality  
Mindat Discussions Facebook Logo Instagram Logo Discord Logo
Mindat.org is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization. Public Relations by Blytheweigh.
Copyright © mindat.org and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2021, except where stated. Most political location boundaries are © OpenStreetMap contributors. Mindat.org relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us - Report a bug/vulnerability Current server date and time: April 12, 2021 13:02:21 Page generated: February 28, 2021 23:40:03
Go to top of page