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Aplowite

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Formula:
(Co,Mn,Ni)SO4 · 4H2O
Colour:
Bright pink
Lustre:
Vitreous
Hardness:
3
Specific Gravity:
2.33
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Member of:
Name:
Named for Albert Peter Low (1861-1942), Canadian geologist and former director of the Geological Survey of Canada.
Rozenite Group. The Co analogue of rozenite, ilesite, etc. Chemically also analogous to drobecite (same point group, different space group).

It is a higher hydrate when compared to cobaltkieserite, and lower hydrate when compared to bieberite and moorhouseite.


Hide all sections | Show all sections

Classification of AplowiteHide

Approved
7.CB.15

7 : SULFATES (selenates, tellurates, chromates, molybdates, wolframates)
C : Sulfates (selenates, etc.) without additional anions, with H2O
B : With only medium-sized cations
Dana 7th ed.:
29.6.6.4
29.6.6.4

29 : HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
6 : AXO4·xH2O
25.12.3

25 : Sulphates
12 : Sulphates of Co and Ni

Physical Properties of AplowiteHide

Vitreous
Colour:
Bright pink
Streak:
White
Hardness:
Comment:
ca. 3
Density:
2.33 g/cm3 (Measured)    2.36 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of AplowiteHide

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.528 nγ = 1.536
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.008
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
weak

Chemical Properties of AplowiteHide

Formula:
(Co,Mn,Ni)SO4 · 4H2O
IMA Formula:
CoSO4 · 4H2O
Common Impurities:
Mn,Ni

Crystallography of AplowiteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Cell Parameters:
a = 5.93 Å, b = 13.54 Å, c = 7.88 Å
β = 90.55°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.438 : 1 : 0.582
Unit Cell V:
632.67 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4
Comment:
Space group is P21/n

Type Occurrence of AplowiteHide

Synonyms of AplowiteHide

Other Language Names for AplowiteHide

German:Aplowit
Spanish:Aplowita

Relationship of Aplowite to other SpeciesHide

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
Boyleite(Zn,Mg)SO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
Ilesite(Mn,Zn,Fe)SO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m
RozeniteFeSO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
StarkeyiteMgSO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

7.CB.05Dwornikite(Ni,Fe)SO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.CB.05GunningiteZnSO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.CB.05KieseriteMgSO4 · H2OMon. 2/m
7.CB.05Poitevinite(Cu,Fe,Zn)SO4 · H2OTric.
7.CB.05SzmikiteMnSO4 · H2OMon.
7.CB.05SzomolnokiteFeSO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.CB.05CobaltkieseriteCoSO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.CB.07SanderiteMgSO4 · 2H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
7.CB.10BonattiteCuSO4 · 3H2OMon.
7.CB.15Boyleite(Zn,Mg)SO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.15Ilesite(Mn,Zn,Fe)SO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m
7.CB.15RozeniteFeSO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.15StarkeyiteMgSO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.15DrobeciteCdSO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
7.CB.15CranswickiteMgSO4 · 4H2OMon. m : Bb
7.CB.20ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2OTric. 1 : P1
7.CB.20JôkokuiteMnSO4 · 5H2OTric.
7.CB.20PentahydriteMgSO4 · 5H2OTric.
7.CB.20SiderotilFeSO4 · 5H2OTric.
7.CB.25Bianchite(Zn,Fe)SO4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
7.CB.25Chvaleticeite(Mn,Mg)SO4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.CB.25FerrohexahydriteFeSO4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.CB.25HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
7.CB.25Moorhouseite(Co,Ni,Mn)SO4 · 6H2OMon.
7.CB.25Nickelhexahydrite(Ni,Mg,Fe)SO4 · 6H2OMon.
7.CB.30RetgersiteNiSO4 · 6H2OTet. 4 2 2 : P41 21 2
7.CB.35BieberiteCoSO4 · 7H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
7.CB.35BoothiteCuSO4 · 7H2OMon.
7.CB.35MallarditeMnSO4 · 7H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
7.CB.35MelanteriteFeSO4 · 7H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.35Zincmelanterite(Zn,Cu,Fe)SO4 · 7H2OMon.
7.CB.35Alpersite(Mg,Cu)[SO4] · 7H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.40EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
7.CB.40GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
7.CB.40MorenositeNiSO4 · 7H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
7.CB.45AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2OTric. 1
7.CB.45Meta-alunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 12H2O
7.CB.50AluminocoquimbiteFeAl(SO4)3 · 9H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3 1c
7.CB.55CoquimbiteFe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3 1c
7.CB.55ParacoquimbiteFe2(SO4)3 · 9H2OTrig. 3 : R3
7.CB.55Rhomboclase(H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
7.CB.60KorneliteFe2(SO4)3 · 7H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
7.CB.65QuenstedtiteFe2(SO4)3 · 11H2OTric. 1 : P1
7.CB.70LauseniteFe2(SO4)3·5H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
7.CB.75LishizheniteZnFe2(SO4)4 · 14H2OTric. 1 : P1
7.CB.75RömeriteFe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 14H2OTric. 1 : P1
7.CB.80RansomiteCuFe2(SO4)4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.85ApjohniteMn2+Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon.
7.CB.85BíliniteFe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.85Dietrichite(Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.85HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon. 2 : P2
7.CB.85PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.85Redingtonite(Fe2+,Mg,Ni)(Cr,Al)2(SO4)4·22H2OMon.
7.CB.85Wupatkiite(Co,Mg,Ni)Al2(SO4)4·22H2OMon.
7.CB.90MeridianiiteMgSO4 · 11H2OTric. 1 : P1

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

29.6.6.1RozeniteFeSO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
29.6.6.2StarkeyiteMgSO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
29.6.6.3Ilesite(Mn,Zn,Fe)SO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m
29.6.6.5Boyleite(Zn,Mg)SO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
29.6.6.7CranswickiteMgSO4 · 4H2OMon. m : Bb
29.6.6.8MeridianiiteMgSO4 · 11H2OTric. 1 : P1

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

25.12.1BieberiteCoSO4 · 7H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
25.12.2CobaltzippeiteCo(UO2)2(SO4)O2 · 3.5H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
25.12.4Moorhouseite(Co,Ni,Mn)SO4 · 6H2OMon.
25.12.5RetgersiteNiSO4 · 6H2OTet. 4 2 2 : P41 21 2
25.12.6MorenositeNiSO4 · 7H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
25.12.7NickelblöditeNa2(Ni,Mg)(SO4)2 · 4H2O
25.12.8Nickelboussingaultite(NH4)2Ni(SO4)2 · 6H2O
25.12.9NickelzippeiteNi2(UO2)6(SO4)3(OH)10 · 16H2O Mon.
25.12.10Dwornikite(Ni,Fe)SO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
25.12.11Honessite(Ni1-xFe3+x)(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2OTrig.
25.12.12Hydrohonessite(Ni1-xFe3+x)(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2OHex.
25.12.13Nickelhexahydrite(Ni,Mg,Fe)SO4 · 6H2OMon.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for AplowiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Jambor, J.L., Boyle, R.W. (1965) Moorhouseite and aplowite, new cobalt minerals from Walton, Nova Scotia. The Canadian Mineralogist: 8: 166-171.
Fleischer, M. (1965) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 50: 805-813.
Kellersohn, T. (1992) Structure of cobalt sulfate tetrahydrate. Acta Crystallographica: C48: 776-779.
Anthony, J.W., Bideaux, R.A., Bladh, K.W., Nichols, M.C., Eds. (2016) Handbook of Mineralogy, Mineralogical Society of America, Chantilly, VA 20151-1110, USA. http://www.handbookofmineralogy.org/

Internet Links for AplowiteHide

Localities for AplowiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Canada (TL)
 
  • Nova Scotia
    • Hants Co.
      • Walton
J.L. Jambor and R.W. Boyle, "Moorhousite and Aplowite, New Cobalt Minerals from Walton, Nova Scotia", Canadian Mineralogist, vol. 8, pt. 2, pp. 166-171, 1965.; Transactions of the Canadian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy and the Mining Society of Nova Scotia , Volume 69 p398
Greece
 
  • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
    • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
      • Lavrion District Mines
        • Plaka
          • Plaka Mines
Hanke, H. (1994): Neues aus Lavrion: Eisen-, kupfer- und kobalthaltige Hydro-Sulfate aus dem Revier Plaka. Emser Hefte, 1994 (2).
Branko Rieck Collection
Russia
 
  • Northern Region
    • Murmanskaja Oblast'
      • Kola Peninsula
        • Khibiny Massif
  • Urals Region
    • Southern Urals
      • Orenburgskaya Oblast'
E. Shcherbakova et al. : "The rarest Cobalt-Containing Sulfates from the South Ural, Russia", 5th International Conference "Mineralogy & Museums", Paris, Sept. 5-8th 2004, Bull. de Liaison de la Soc. Franç. de Minéralogie et Cristallographie, 2004, Vol 16, N°2.
USA
 
  • Alaska
    • Valdez-Cordova Borough
      • Chisana District
U. S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-195
Mineral and/or Locality  
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