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Nephrite

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About NephriteHide

Nephrite is a rock comprising mostly massive microcrystalline to cryptocrystalline felted amphiboles of the tremolite - actinolite series.

Nephrite is one of the two rocks termed as jade, the other being jadeitite = jadeite jade, consisting mostly of jadeite (although the term fei cui jade is now preferred as the pyroxene composition may also include omphacite and/or kosmochlor. Both are extremely tough and resistant to fracture such that they have been used for making choppers and blades since Neolithic times.

In addition to amphibole, nephrite can contain minor to trace amounts of diopside, grossularitic garnet, magnetite, chromite, graphite, apatite, rutile, pyrite, datolite, vesuvianite, prehnite, talc, the serpentine polymorphs and titanite.

White nephrite, termed white jade or mutton-fat jade, is nearly pure tremolite, while most nephrite is green owing to the Fe content in actinolite. Chromium colors nephrite emerald green (via a Na+-Cr3+ vs. Ca2+-Mg2+ substitution) and yellow to brown nephrite is stained by iron oxides and hydroxides introduced along grain boundaries.

Visit gemdat.org for gemological information about Nephrite.


Classification of NephriteHide

Synonyms of NephriteHide

Other Language Names for NephriteHide

Dutch:Nefriet
French:Néphrite
Latvian:Nefrīts
Polish:Nefryt
Simplified Chinese:软玉

Varieties of NephriteHide

Black Nephrite JadeA generic term referring to all nephrite jades of a black or nearly black colour, which is usually caused by microscopic inclusions of dark minerals, mainly graphite.
Hetian JadeOne of the classic Chinese jades. It consists almost entirely of tremolite, but may contain up to 5 wt.-% of impurities such as diopside, epidote, clinozoisite, olivine, dolomite, quartz, magnetite, pyrite, apatite, limonite and carbonaceous matter, which...
Kunlun JadeOne of the classic Chinese jades, also known as Qinghai Jade. It consists of actinolite and tremolite in varying proportions, and typically also contains minor wollastonite. The most valuable specimens have green-white patterns.
Lantian JadeA variety of tremolite jade (white jade), which varies in colour from white to yellow, gray, pale blue and light green. The colours are due to inclusions of iron oxides (yellow), graphite (grey), and chlorite, epidote or serpentine group minerals (pale bl...
Manasi JadeA green jade which consists mainly of tremolite with only minor actinolite. The green colour is caused by microscopic inclusions of green silicates, mainly chlorite and serpentine group minerals, and it frequently also contains diopside, grossular and chr...
Meiling JadeA typical tremolite jade, which comes in a variety of colours ranging from white to grey. The white colour varieties are the most valuable ones.
Tremolite JadeA generic term, referring to all varieties of nephrite which consist mainly of tremolite. While all white jades are tremolite jades, not all tremolite jades are white. Hetian Jade, Manasi Jade and Meiling Jade, which are typical representatives of tremoli...
White JadeTremolite jades with a low content of impurities are termed white jades. They typically are white or nearly so and generally are the most valuable jades.
Xiuyan JadeA green jade, which contains both tremolite and actinolite in varying proportions. Some varieties may also contain antigorite (Zhang, 2002). One of the classic Chinese jades.

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
13 photos of Nephrite associated with QuartzSiO2
3 photos of Nephrite associated with ChromiteFe2+Cr3+2O4
3 photos of Nephrite associated with Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
3 photos of Nephrite associated with OpalSiO2 · nH2O
1 photo of Nephrite associated with PyrolusiteMn4+O2
1 photo of Nephrite associated with Actinolite☐Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
1 photo of Nephrite associated with Grossular-Uvarovite Series

References for NephriteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Ronzio, A.R. and Salmon, M. (1970) Trace elements in jade. Gems and Minerals: 389: 24-25, 45.
Bradt, R.C., Newnham, R.E., and Biggers, J.V. (1973) The toughness of jade. American Mineralogist, vol. 58, 727-732.
Zhenhua Zhou and Jiarui Feng (2010) A petrological and mineralogical comparison between Xinjiang nephrite and Xiuyan nephrite. Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 29(3), 331-340.

Internet Links for NephriteHide

mindat.org URL:
https://www.mindat.org/min-2881.html
Please feel free to link to this page.

Localities for NephriteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Inglis Co.
Hockley, J.J., Birch, W.D., Worner, H.K. (1978) A nephrite deposit in the great serpentine belt of New South Wales. Journal of the Geological Society of Australia, 25(5-6), 249-254.
  • South Australia
    • Eyre Peninsula
Flint, D. J., & Dubowski, E. A. (1990). Cowell nephrite jade deposits. Geology of the mineral deposits of Australia and Papua New Guinea, 2, 1059-1062.
J Townsend
  • Tasmania
    • West Coast municipality
      • Trial Harbour district
R Bottrill, unpub.data; Bottrill, R.S., (2015) unpub consultant report, Mineral Resources Tasmania
Austria
 
  • Salzburg
    • Tamsweg District
      • Zederhaus valley
G. Niedermayr, W. Postl, F. Walter: Carinthia II 175./95.:235-252 (1985)
Brazil
Mason, A. (1976) The world of Rocks and Minerals. New York, N.Y., Larousse & Co., 108 pages.
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
GIA, 2018
    • Liard Mining Division
      • Cassiar
Rocks & Minerals (xxxx) 60(1), 11.; Richard Gunter Collection.; Sabina, A.P. (1972) Rocks and minerals for the collector: the Alaska Highway; Dawson Creek, British Columbia to Yukon/Alaska border. GSA paper 72-32, 26-27.; Grice, Joel D. (1989) Jade from the Cassiar Mountains, British Columbia. In: Famous mineral localities of Canada. Published by Fitzhenry & Whiteside Limited & the National Museum of Natural Sciences, 190 pages: 24-30; 150.; Simandl, G.J. (2009) Nonmetallic minerals other than coal: Industrial minerals, gemstones and aggregate in British Columbia, Canada. British Columbia Geological Survey, Paper 2009‐2.
BC Minfile data
Hudson, R. (2006); Gold, Gemstone & Mineral Sites of British Colubia (vol 2, p. 94)
BC MINFILE No 104I 083
GIA, 2018
Simandl, G.J. (2009): Nonmetallic minerals other than coal: Industrial minerals, gemstones and aggregate in British Columbia, Canada; British Columbia Geological Survey, Paper 2009‐2, pages.; Richard Gunter Collection
    • Lillooet Mining Division
Richard Gunter Collection
Richard Gunter Collection
Mason, A. (1976) The world of Rocks and Minerals. New York, N.Y., Larousse & Co., 108 pages.
http://www.em.gov.bc.ca/cf/minfile/search/search.cfm?mode=capbib&minfilno=092JNE065
    • Omineca Mining Division
      • Kwanika Creek
www.em.gov.bc.ca/cf/minfile/search/search.cfm?mode=capbib&minfilno=093N%20%20043
www.em.gov.bc.ca/cf/minfile/search/search.cfm?mode=capbib&minfilno=093N%20%20064
  • Québec
    • Chaudière-Appalaches
      • Les Appalaches RCM
        • Saint-Joseph-de-Coleraine
Amabili, M., Spertini, F., Auguste, M. B., and Bonin, G., (2009) Famous Mineral Localities: The Lac D'Amiante Mine, Back Lake, Thetford Mines, Quebec. Mineralogical Record 40(4) 297-304.
    • Estrie
      • Les Sources RCM
        • Asbestos
Grice, J.D., Williams, R. 1979. The Jeffrey mine, Asbestos, Québec. The Mineralogical Record, volume 10, pp 69-80 Chamberlain, S. C., 1980. Wollastonite, Vesuvianite, native copper and Diopside from the Jeffrey Mine in Asbestos, Quebec, Canada. Rock and Mineral, volume 55, pp 188 - 191 Amabili, M., Miglioli, M., 2000. Granati: nuoviri ritrovamenti nelle miniere di Asbestos e Thetford Mines. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana., no. 2, avril-mai 2000. (en italien avec résumé en anglais) Spertini, F., 2001. La mine Jeffrey, Asbestos, Québec, Canada. Le Règne Minéral, Numéro 37, pp 11 - 34 Amabili, M., Miglioli, M., Spertini, F. 2004. Recent discoveries at the Jeffrey mine, Asbestos, Québec., The Mineralogical Record, Volume 35, no. 2, pp 123 - 135
  • Yukon
    • Dawson mining district
      • Yukon river
Traill, R. J., 1970, A Catalogue of Canadian Minerals
China
 
  • Henan
    • Luoyang
      • Luanchuan County
Xiaoxiao Ling, Ruihua Wu, Feng Bai, Jiangning Yin, and Wenwen Li (2008): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 27(2), 157-163
  • Jiangsu
    • Changzhou
      • Liyang Co.
        • Xiaomeiling
Huabang Zhong (1995): Jiangsu Geology 19(3), 176-178; Mingyue He, Younan Zhu, and Hongbo Li(2002): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 21(s1), 99-104
  • Liaoning
    • Anshan
      • Xiuyan Co.
Liangju Zhang (2002): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 22(3), 137-142.
  • Qinghai
    • Golog Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture
      • Maqên Co.
Ran Li, Zongting Liao, Yujia Li, and Zhengyu Zhou (2004): Journal of Gems & Gemmology 6(1), 17-19
    • Haixi Mongol and Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture
      • Golmud City (Ge'ermu Co.)
http://news.at0086.com/China-Mountain-River-Tours/Shopping-in-Qinghai.html
  • Shaanxi
    • Xi'an
      • Lantian County
Juanxia Zhang and Baoping Luo (2002): Geology of Shaanxi 12(2), 75-80
  • Sichuan
    • Ya'an
      • Shimian County
Xiaofen Su, Kaicai Zhou, Lijian Qi, and Xiangli Qian (2006): China Mining Magazine 15(5), 73-75
  • Xinjiang
    • Bayin'gholin Autonomous Prefecture (Bayingolin Autonomous Prefecture; Bayinguoleng Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Ruoqiang Co. (Qakilik Co.; Chaqiliq Co.)
Jiang, Y.; Shi, G.; Xu, L.; Li, X. (2020) Mineralogy and Geochemistry of Nephrite Jade from Yinggelike Deposit, Altyn Tagh (Xinjiang, NW China). Minerals 10, 418.
    • Changji Autonomous Prefecture (Sanji Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Manasi Co. (Manas Co.)
Yanling Tang, Dequan Liu, and Ruhong Zhou (2002): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 21(s1), 22-25
Yanling Tang (2005): Non-metallic deposits of Xinjiang, China [Zhongguo Xinjiang Fei Jinshu Kuangchuang]. Geological Publishing House (Beijing), 289 pp.
Yanling Tang (2005): Non-metallic deposits of Xinjiang, China [Zhongguo Xinjiang Fei Jinshu Kuangchuang]. Geological Publishing House (Beijing), 289 pp.
    • Hetian Prefecture (Khotan Prefecture; Hotan Prefecture; Hoten Prefecture)
Yanling Tang, Dequan Liu, and Ruizhong Zhou (2002): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 21(s1), 13-21
Mason, A. (1976) The world of Rocks and Minerals. New York, N.Y., Larousse & Co., 108 pages.
Reuters (2007): China orders crackdown on rush for rare white jade, October 30, 2007
      • Yutian Co. (Keriye Co.)
Yanling Tang (2005): Non-metallic deposits of Xinjiang, China [Zhongguo Xinjiang Fei Jinshu Kuangchuang]. Geological Publishing House (Beijing), 289 pp.
    • Yili Hasake Autonomous Prefecture (Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Tacheng Prefecture (Tarbaghatay Prefecture)
        • Shawan Co. (Saven Co.)
Yanling Tang (2005): Non-metallic deposits of Xinjiang, China [Zhongguo Xinjiang Fei Jinshu Kuangchuang]. Geological Publishing House (Beijing), 289 pp.
        • Wusu Co. (Usu Co.)
Yanling Tang (2005): Non-metallic deposits of Xinjiang, China [Zhongguo Xinjiang Fei Jinshu Kuangchuang]. Geological Publishing House (Beijing), 289 pp.
Germany
 
  • Bavaria
    • Upper Franconia
      • Bayreuth District
        • Bad Berneck im Fichtelgebirge
F. Müller: "Bayerns steinreiche Ecke", 2nd ed., Oberfränkische Verlagsanstalt und Druckerei GmbH (Hof), 1984
Italy
 
  • Liguria
    • Genoa
      • Ne
Antofilli, Borgo, Palenzona, 1985. I nostri minerali. Geologia e mineralogia in Liguria. Edizioni Melita, La Spezia.
      • Sestri Levante
Antofilli M., Borgo E., Palenzona A. (1983): I Nostri Minerali. Geologia e Mineralogia in Liguria. Sagep, Ed., Genova, 295 pp.
  • Lombardy
    • Sondrio Province
      • Torre di Santa Maria
Adamo, I., & Bocchio, R. (2013). Nephrite jade from Val Malenco, Italy: review and update. Gems & Gemology, 49(2), 98-106.
Japan
 
  • Niigata Prefecture
Shi, G., Harlow, G. E., Wang, J., Wang, J., Ng, E., Wang, X., ... & Cui, W. (2012). Mineralogy of jadeitite and related rocks from Myanmar: a review with new data. European Journal of Mineralogy, 24(2), 345-370.
      • Ōmi
Alfredo Petrov, field collected specimens
Mexico
Mason, A. (1976) The world of Rocks and Minerals. New York, N.Y., Larousse & Co., 108 pages.
Myanmar
Gübelin, E., Wolgensinger, M. (1976) Edelstenen. Uitgeverij Artis, Brussel [in Dutch].
New Zealand
Mason, A. (1976) The world of Rocks and Minerals. New York, N.Y., Larousse & Co., 108 pages.
  • Nelson Region
Cox, S.H. (1882) Art. XLVII - Notes on the Mineralogy of New Zealand. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 1882, Vol. XV: 361-410 [Read before the Wellington Philosophical Society, 21 October, 1882].
GIA, 2018
Keverne, R. (consultant ed.), Frey, R., Walker, J., Rosenzweig, D.L., Forsyth, A., Shoudao, S., Dasher, G., McElney, B.S., Boda, Y., Tan, L., Chihara, K., Beck, R., Skelton O.R., Leaming, S., Bishop, R., Lange, F., Easby, E.K., Sinkankas, J. (1991) Jade. Anness Publishing Ltd. London [Beck, R. (1991) Jade in the South Pacific pp. 221-258].
  • West Coast Region
    • Grey District
      • Greymouth
Keverne, R. (consultant ed.), Frey, R., Walker, J., Rosenzweig, D.L., Forsyth, A., Shoudao, S., Dasher, G., McElney, B.S., Boda, Y., Tan, L., Chihara, K., Beck, R., Skelton O.R., Leaming, S., Bishop, R., Lange, F., Easby, E. K., Sinkankas, J. (1991) Jade. Anness Publishing Ltd. London.
    • Westland District
Ulrich, G.H.F. (1890) On the Discovery, Mode of Occurrence, and Distribution of the Nickel-iron Alloy Awaruite, on the West Coast of the South Island of New Zealand. The Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London, 46(1-4), 619-NP.
      • Hokitika
Keverne, R. (consultant ed.), Frey, R., Walker, J., Rosenzweig, D.L., Forsyth, A., Shoudao, S., Dasher, G., McElney, B.S., Boda, Y., Tan, L., Chihara, K., Beck, R., Skelton O.R., Leaming, S., Bishop, R., Lange, F., Easby, E.K., Sinkankas, J. (1991) Jade. Anness Publishing Ltd. London.
Keverne, R. (consultant ed.), Frey, R., Walker, J., Rosenzweig, D.L., Forsyth, A., Shoudao, S., Dasher, G., McElney, B.S., Boda, Y., Tan, L., Chihara, K., Beck, R., Skelton O.R., Leaming, S., Bishop, R., Lange, F., Easby, E.K., Sinkankas, J. (1991) Jade. Anness Publishing Ltd. London.
GIA, 2018
Keverne, R. (consultant ed.), Frey, R., Walker, J., Rosenzweig, D.L., Forsyth, A., Shoudao, S., Dasher, G., McElney, B.S., Boda, Y., Tan, L., Chihara, K., Beck, R., Skelton O.R., Leaming, S., Bishop, R., Lange, F., Easby, E.K., Sinkankas, J. (1991) Jade. Anness Publishing Ltd. London.
Johnston, M. R. (1983) Nephrite in the Pounamu Formation, McArthur Crags, Olderog Creek, Arahura Valley, Westland. Industrial rocks and minerals, 8, 5-8. Keverne, R. (consultant ed.), Frey, R., Walker, J., Rosenzweig, D.L., Forsyth, A., Shoudao, S., Dasher, G., McElney, B.S., Boda, Y., Tan, L., Chihara, K., Beck, R., Skelton O.R., Leaming, S., Bishop, R., Lange, F., Easby, E.K., Sinkankas, J. (1991) Jade. Anness Publishing Ltd. London.
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesian Voivodeship
    • Kłodzko County
      • Gmina Stronie Śląskie
        • Kletno
Gil, G.; Gunia, P.; Barnes, J.D.; Szymański, M.; Jokubauskas, P.; Kalbarczyk-Gil, A.; Bagiński, B. (2020) Origin of Talc and Fe-Ti-V Mineralization in the Kletno Deposit (the Śnieżnik Massif, SW Poland). Minerals 10, 13.
    • Wrocław County
      • Gmina Jordanów Śląski
        • Jordanów Śląski
Szełęg, E., Galuskina, I. 2010: Mineralogy of Lower Silesia, Poland. Acta Mineralogica-Petrographica, Field Guide Series, Vol. 17, 1–15.
    • Ząbkowice Śląskie County
      • Gmina Złoty Stok
Eligiusz Szełęg collection; Gil, G., Barnes, J. D., Boschi, C., Gunia, P., Raczyński, P., Szakmány, G., ... & Péterdi, B. (2015). Nephrite from Złoty Stok (Sudetes, SW Poland): Petrological, Geochemical, and Isotopic Evidence for a Dolomite-related Origin. The Canadian Mineralogist, 53(3), 533-556.
Russia
 
  • Irkutsk Oblast
Mason, A. (1976) The world of Rocks and Minerals. New York, N.Y., Larousse & Co., 108 pages.
Pavel M. Kartashov data
  • Zabaykalsky Krai
    • Buriatia Republic (Buryatia)
      • Okinsky District
Khudyakova, L.I.; Kislov, E.V.; Paleev, P.L.; Kotova, I.Y. (2020) Nephrite-Bearing Mining Waste As a Promising Mineral Additive in the Production of New Cement Types. Minerals 10, 394.
Khudyakova, L.I.; Kislov, E.V.; Paleev, P.L.; Kotova, I.Y. (2020) Nephrite-Bearing Mining Waste As a Promising Mineral Additive in the Production of New Cement Types. Minerals 10, 394.
Khudyakova, L.I.; Kislov, E.V.; Paleev, P.L.; Kotova, I.Y. (2020) Nephrite-Bearing Mining Waste As a Promising Mineral Additive in the Production of New Cement Types. Minerals 10, 394.
South Korea
 
  • Gangwon Province
    • Chuncheon City
Alvin E. Nieder (1982) Nephrite jade in the Republic of Korea. Lapidary Journal, March 1982, 2374-2380.
Switzerland
 
  • Grisons
    • Albula Region
      • Surses
        • Bivio
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 25
    • Bernina Region
      • Poschiavo
        • Selva
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 412.; Romani E. (2000): Andar per cristalli - Tesori nascosti. Centro studi del Museo mineralogico naturalistico di Bormio, 151 p.
  • Valais
    • Hérens
      • Evolène
        • Les Haudères
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 25
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 25
Taiwan
 
  • Taiwan Province
    • Hualien County
Zhengzhang Tao (1992): Journal of Mineralogy and Petrology 13(4), 21-27; Wan, H. M., & Yeh, C. L. (1984). Uvarovite and grossular from the Fengtien nephrite deposits, eastern Taiwan. Mineralogical Magazine, 48(346), 31-37.
      • Wanjung (Wan-Lon)
Ukraine
 
  • Kirovohrad Oblast
Cuney, M., Emetz, A., Mercadier, J., Mykchaylov, V., Shunko, V., & Yuslenko, A. (2012). Uranium deposits associated with Na-metasomatism from central Ukraine: a review of some of the major deposits and genetic constraints. Ore Geology Reviews, 44, 82-106.
USA
 
  • Alaska
    • Northwest Arctic Borough
      • Ambler Mining District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
      • Kiana Mining District
Mason, A. (1976) The world of Rocks and Minerals. New York, N.Y., Larousse & Co., 108 pages.; U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
      • Shungnak Mining District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
    • Valdez-Cordova Census Area
      • Tok Mining District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
  • California
Pelletier, 1962. Mineral Species & Localities of Marin County
      • Red Hill
Chesterman, C.W. (1951), Nephrite in Marin County, California: (abstract) Geological Society of America Bulletin: 62: 1517; …California Division Mines Special Report 10-B: 3; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 66; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 397.
    • Mariposa Co.
      • Mother Lode Belt
        • Bagby-Mariposa-Mount Bullion-Whitlock Mining District
          • Bagby
            • Charcoal flat
Evans, James R. (1966b) Nephrite jade in Mariposa County. California Division Mines and Geology Mineral Information Service: 19: 135-148; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 397.
Anonymous (O.E.B.) (1964), New jade deposit found by division: California Division of Mines and Geology, Mineral Information Service: 17: 21; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 66.
USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10285136.
    • Mendocino Co.
      • Coastal Range
        • Mina
Anonymous (1950), New jade occurrence in California: California Division of Mines, Mineral Information Service: 3(11): 2; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 66, 70, 309, 310; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 390.
        • Reeves Place
          • Leech Lake Mountain
Chesterman, C.W. (1952), Nephrite and associated rocks at Leech Lake Mountain, Mendocino County, California: Geological Society of America Bulletin: 63: 1323; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 397.
Chesterman, C.W. (1952), Nephrite and associated rocks at Leech Lake Mountain, Mendocino County, California: Geological Society of America Bulletin: 63: 1323; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 397.
Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 390; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California: 409, 410.
Chesterman, C.W. (1952), Nephrite and associated rocks at Leech Lake Mountain, Mendocino County, California: Geological Society of America Bulletin: 63: 1323; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 397.
          • Williams Creek
Chesterman, C.W. (1952), Nephrite and associated rocks at Leech Lake Mountain, Mendocino County, California: Geological Society of America Bulletin: 63: 1323; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 397.
    • Monterey Co.
      • Santa Lucia Mts (Santa Lucia Range)
        • Los Burros Mining District
          • Plaskett
            • Cape San Martin
              • Jade Cove
Rogers, Austin Flint (1940), Nephrite jade from Monterey County, California (abstract): Geological Society of America Bulletin: 51: 1941; Crippen, R.A. (1951), Nephrite jade and associated rocks of the Cape Martin region, Monterey County, California: California Division Mines Special Report 10-A, 14 pp.: 3-14; Hart, E.W. (1966) Mines and mineral resources of Monterey County, California. California Division Mines and Geology County Report 5, 142 pp.: 43; Heinrich, G.I. (1969) Botryoidal jade in California. Gems and Minerals: 386: 42; Draper, J.W. (1969) Botryoidal jade of the California Coast. Lapidary Journal: 23: 682-686; Ronzio, A.R. and Salmon, M. (1970) Trace elements in jade. Gems and Minerals: 389: 24-25, 45; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 397-398.
              • Willow Creek
Crippen, Richard A., Jr. (1949), Nephrite jade and associated rocks of the Cape San Martin region, Monterey County, California: 1-14; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 66.
            • Plaskett Creek
              • South of Plaskett Creek
Crippen, Richard A., Jr. (1949), Nephrite jade and associated rocks of the Cape San Martin region, Monterey County, California: (abstract) Geological Society of America Bulletin 60: 1938; […California Division Mines Special Report 10-A (1951)]: 1-14; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 66; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 397-398.
        • Point Sur
Rogers, Austin Flint (1940), Nephrite jade from Monterey County, California (abstract): Geological Society of America Bulletin: 51: 1941; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 66.
Mason, A. (1976) The world of Rocks and Minerals. New York, N.Y., Larousse & Co., 108 pages.
    • Riverside Co.
      • Eagle Mountains
        • Eagle Mountains Mining District (Monte Negro Mining District)
          • Eagle Mountain
Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 66.
Saul, R.B., Evans, J.R., and Gray, C.H. (1970) Mines and mineral resources of Riverside County. California Division of Mines and Geology County Report 9. Unpublished manuscript: 267-268; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 398.
Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 66.
    • San Benito Co.
      • Cherry Peak
Rob Lavinsky photo
    • San Bernardino Co.
      • Belleville Mining District
        • Rodman Mountains
          • Stoddard Mountain
Perry, L.E. (1980) Black jade in the Sidewinders. Rock & Gem 10, 7, p. 48-51.
    • Santa Barbara Co.
      • San Rafael Mountains
        • Cachuma Mining District
          • Cachuma Village
            • Figueroa Mountain
Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 66.
    • Siskiyou Co.
      • Klamath Mountains
        • Happy Camp
Kraft, James L. (1947), Adventure in jade: 34, 35; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 66, 204; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 399.
    • Tulare Co.
      • Porterville
        • Lewis Hill
Anonymous (1950), New jade occurrence in California: California Division of Mines, Mineral Information Service: 3(11): 2; Mineral Notes and News (1950), No. 150: 1; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 66; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California: 400.
  • Connecticut
    • Litchfield Co.
Januzzi, 1976. Mineral Localities of CT and Southeastern NY State; Samuel Robinson (1825) A Catalogue of American Minerals, with their localities. Boston
  • Georgia
    • Murray Co.
      • Chatsworth
Rocks & Minerals 54:4 pp161-165
  • Nebraska
    • Morrill Co.
The Minerals and Gemstones of Nebraska CSD U Neb EC 2
    • Otoe Co.
The Minerals and Gemstones of Nebraska CSD U Neb EC 2
The Minerals and Gemstones of Nebraska CSD U Neb EC 2
    • Richardson Co.
The Minerals and Gemstones of Nebraska CSD U Neb EC 2
    • Saunders Co.
The Minerals and Gemstones of Nebraska CSD U Neb EC 2
    • Scotts Bluff Co.
The Minerals and Gemstones of Nebraska CSD U Neb EC 2
The Minerals and Gemstones of Nebraska CSD U Neb EC 2
  • Nevada
    • Esmeralda Co.
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • Oregon
    • Baker Co.
      • Durkee
Rocks & Min.: 4:80.
    • Jackson Co.
Phyllis Richardson
  • Pennsylvania
    • Northampton Co.
      • Easton
        • Chestnut Hill (College Hill; Lafayette Hill; Mount Lafayette; Paxinosa Ridge)
          • C.K. Williams Quarry complex (Williams and Company Rock Quarry)
Rocks & Min.: 17:344.
  • Washington
Rolf Luetcke
www.stonetrails.com
      • Mount Vernon
Rocks & Min.: 14:112-113.
    • Snohomish Co.
      • Darrington Mining District
        • Darrington
          • Jumbo Mountain
Minerals of Washington, B. Cannon, 1975
  • Wisconsin
    • Marathon Co.
U.S. Geological Survey, (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.; Rolf Luetcke
Mason, A. (1976) The world of Rocks and Minerals. New York, N.Y., Larousse & Co., 108 pages.
    • Carbon Co.
      • Seminoe Mountains District
W. Dan Hausel (1994) Economic Geology of the Seminoe Mountains Mining District, Carbon County, Wyoming. Wyoming Geological Survey Report of Investigation 50.
W. Dan Hausel (1994) Economic Geology of the Seminoe Mountains Mining District, Carbon County, Wyoming. Wyoming Geological Survey Report of Investigation 50.
Rocks & Minerals 76:384
    • Converse Co.
Rocks & Minerals 76:385
    • Fremont Co.
      • Christina Lake
Rocks & Minerals 76:386
Rocks & Minerals 76:386
Rocks & Minerals 76:386
Rocks & Minerals 76:387; Osterwald, F. W. and D. B. Osterwald (1952) Wyoming Mineral Resources. Wyoming Geological Survey Bulletin 45
Rocks & Minerals 76:387
Rocks & Minerals 76:387; Osterwald, F. W. and D. B. Osterwald (1952) Wyoming Mineral Resources. Wyoming Geological Survey Bulletin 45
      • Tin Cup Mountain
Rocks & Minerals 76:386
    • Natrona Co.
Patricia Renz specimen
Rocks & Minerals 76:388
    • Teton Co.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Vietnam
 
  • Sơn La Province
Nguyôn Kinh Quèc, Nguyôn Quúnh Anh () Aquamarine, Beryl And Possibility Of Finding Emerald And Alexandrite In Việt Nam. Generations, 41, 50-58.
Nguyôn Kinh Quèc, Nguyôn Quúnh Anh () Aquamarine, Beryl And Possibility Of Finding Emerald And Alexandrite In Việt Nam. Generations, 41, 50-58.
Zimbabwe
 
  • Midlands
    • Shurugwi District (Selukwe District)
 
Mineral and/or Locality  
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