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About NewberyiteHide

James C. Newbery
Mg(PO3OH) · 3H2O
Light Gray to white or colorless, pale brown; colorless in transmitted light.
3 - 3½
Specific Gravity:
2.10 - 2.11
Crystal System:
Named by Gustav vom Rath in 1879 in honor of James Cosmo Newbery [June 28, 1843 Leghorn (Livorno), Italy - May 1,1895 East St. Kilda, Victoria, Australia] of Melbourne, Australia who discovered the mineral. Newbery was an assistant to Josiah Cooke at Harvard University, where he graduated in 1864. In Australia, he was curator at the Industrial and Technological Museum and later was a chemical analyst at the Mines Department. He was also a consulting chemist and was influential in the eventual establishing of food safety laws in Australia.
A synthetic Mn analogue is known (Y. Cudennec, A. Riou, Y. Gerault, Acta Crystallogr. C45 (1989) 1411.).

Classification of NewberyiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)

C : Phosphates without additional anions, with H2O
E : With only medium-sized cations, RO4:H2O about 1:2.5

1 : A[HXO4]·xH2O

19 : Phosphates
3 : Phosphates of Be and Mg

Physical Properties of NewberyiteHide

Light Gray to white or colorless, pale brown; colorless in transmitted light.
3 - 3½ on Mohs scale
On {010}, perfect; on {001}, poor.
2.10 - 2.11 g/cm3 (Measured)    2.12 g/cm3 (Calculated)
Measured value on Mejillones material; 2.123 (artificial material).

Optical Data of NewberyiteHide

Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.514 nβ = 1.518 nγ = 1.533
Measured: 45° , Calculated: 48°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.019
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
relatively weak, r < v, perceptible.
Optical Extinction:

Chemical Properties of NewberyiteHide

Mg(PO3OH) · 3H2O

Crystallography of NewberyiteHide

Crystal System:
Class (H-M):
mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) - Dipyramidal
Space Group:
Cell Parameters:
a = 10.203 Å, b = 10.685 Å, c = 10.018 Å
a:b:c = 0.955 : 1 : 0.938
Unit Cell V:
1,092.15 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Crystals equi-dimentional, short prismatic [001]; commonly thin tabular {100}; also tabular on {010} or dipyramidal {111} (in artificial crystals).
TMPM 32:187 (1983) structure

Crystal StructureHide

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IDSpeciesReferenceLinkYearLocalityPressure (GPa)Temp (K)
0009313NewberyiteSutor D J (1967) The crystal and molecular structure of newberyite, MgHPO4*3H2O Acta Crystallographica 23 418-4221967Skipton Caves, Victoria, Australia0293
0009693NewberyiteAbbona F, Boistelle R, Haser R (1979) Hydrogen bonding in MgHPO4*3H2O (newberyite) Acta Crystallographica B35 2514-251819790293
0015697NewberyiteBartl H, Catti M, Joswig W, Ferraris G (1983) Investigation of the crystal structure of newberyite, MgHPO4*3H2O, by single crystal neutron diffraction Tschermaks Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen 32 187-1941983synthetic0293
CIF Raw Data - click here to close

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.
Powder Diffraction Data:
5.95 Å(50)
4.71 Å(50)
4.50 Å(40)
4.15 Å(30)
3.46 Å(70)
3.09 Å(50)
3.04 Å(100)
2.58 Å(30)
ICDD 35-780 (synthetic); also 19-762, 20-153.

Geological EnvironmentHide

Geological Setting:
Bat guano deposits.

Type Occurrence of NewberyiteHide

General Appearance of Type Material:
1 inch (2.2 cm) square crystals in guano.
Geological Setting of Type Material:
Bat guano cave deposit.
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Other Language Names for NewberyiteHide

Common AssociatesHide

Struvite(NH4)Mg(PO4) · 6H2O
Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
3 photos of Newberyite associated with Collophane
2 photos of Newberyite associated with Struvite(NH4)Mg(PO4) · 6H2O
1 photo of Newberyite associated with VivianiteFe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
1 photo of Newberyite associated with MonetiteCa(PO3OH)
1 photo of Newberyite associated with Hannayite(NH4)2Mg3H4(PO4)4 · 8H2O

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

8.CE.XBabánekiteCu3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O Mon. 2/m : B2/m
8.CE.05Chudobaite(Mg,Zn)5(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 10H2OTric.
8.CE.05GeigeriteMn2+5(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 10H2OTric.
8.CE.15BrassiteMg(HAsO4) · 4H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
8.CE.20PhosphorrössleriteMg(PO3OH) · 7H2OMon. 2/m : P2/b
8.CE.20RößleriteMg(HAsO4) · 7H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
8.CE.25MetaswitzeriteMn2+3(PO4)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P2/b
8.CE.25SwitzeriteMn2+3(PO4)2 · 7H2OMon.
8.CE.30LindackeriteCuCu4(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 9H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.CE.30OndrušiteCaCu4(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 10H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.CE.30VeselovskýiteZnCu4(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 9H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.CE.30PradetiteCoCu4(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 9H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.CE.30KlajiteMnCu4(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 9-10H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.CE.35BobierriteMg3(PO4)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
8.CE.40AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
8.CE.40ArupiteNi3(PO4)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
8.CE.40Barićite(Mg,Fe)3(PO4)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
8.CE.40ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
8.CE.40FerrisymplesiteFe3+3(AsO4)2(OH)3 · 5H2O
8.CE.40HörnesiteMg3(AsO4)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
8.CE.40KöttigiteZn3(AsO4)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
8.CE.40ManganohörnesiteMn2+3(AsO4)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
8.CE.40ParasymplesiteFe2+3(AsO4)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
8.CE.40VivianiteFe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
8.CE.40PakhomovskyiteCo3(PO4)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
8.CE.45SymplesiteFe2+3(AsO4)2 · 8H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.CE.50CattiiteMg3(PO4)2 · 22H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.CE.55KoninckiteFe3+PO4 · 3H2OTet.
8.CE.60KaňkiteFeAsO4 · 3.5H2OMon. 2 : P2
8.CE.65SteigeriteAl(VO4) · 3H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
8.CE.70MetaschoderiteAl2(PO4)(VO4) · 6H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
8.CE.70SchoderiteAl2(PO4)(VO4) · 8H2OMon.
8.CE.75MalhmooditeFeZr(PO4)2 · 4H2OMon.
8.CE.75ZigrasiteMgZr(PO4)2 · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.CE.75UM2009-11-PO:CaHZrCaZr[PO4]2 · 4H2OTric.
8.CE.80SantabarbaraiteFe3+3(PO4)2(OH)3 · 5H2OAmor.
8.CE.85Metaköttigite(Zn,Fe,Fe)3(AsO4)2 · 8(H2O,OH)Tric. 1 : P1

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

19.3.1MoraesiteBe2(PO4)(OH) · 4H2OMon.
19.3.2BerylloniteNaBePO4Mon. 2/m : P21/b
19.3.4HydroxylherderiteCaBe(PO4)(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
19.3.5GlucineCaBe4(PO4)2(OH)4 · 0.5H2O
19.3.6FransoletiteCa3Be2(PO4)2(PO3OH)2 · 4H2OMon.
19.3.7UraloliteCa2Be4(PO4)3(OH)3 · 5H2OMon.
19.3.9PahasapaiteLi8(Ca,Li,K)10.5Be24(PO4)24 · 38H2OIso. 2 3 : I2 3
19.3.10TiptopiteK2(Na,Ca)2Li3Be6(PO4)6(OH)2 · H2OHex.
19.3.11GainesiteNa(Na,K)(Be,Li)Zr2(PO4)4 · 1.5-2H2OTet. 4mm : I41md
19.3.12RoscheriteCa2Mn2+5Be4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
19.3.13FaheyiteBe2Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)4 · 6H2OTrig. 3 2 : P31 2 1
19.3.14FarringtoniteMg3(PO4)2Mon. 2/m
19.3.15HoltedahliteMg2(PO4)(OH)Trig. 3m : P3 1m
19.3.16AlthausiteMg4(PO4)2(OH,O)(F,◻)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
19.3.18PhosphorrössleriteMg(PO3OH) · 7H2OMon. 2/m : P2/b
19.3.19BobierriteMg3(PO4)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
19.3.20Barićite(Mg,Fe)3(PO4)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
19.3.21Panethite(Na,Ca)2(Mg,Fe2+)2(PO4)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
19.3.22Dittmarite(NH4)Mg(PO4) · H2OOrth.
19.3.23Struvite(NH4)Mg(PO4) · 6H2OOrth. mm2
19.3.24Hannayite(NH4)2Mg3H4(PO4)4 · 8H2OTric. 1 : P1

Fluorescence of NewberyiteHide

Not fluorescent.

Other InformationHide

Very slightly soluble in cold water. Readily soluble in dilute HCl.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for NewberyiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
vom Rath, G. (1879) Note sur deux nouveaux phosphates du guano. Bulletin de la Société Minéralogique de France: 2: 79-82. (paper includes note by Des Cloizeaux, M.)
vom Rath, G. (1879) Berichte Niederrheinische Gesellschaft für Natur und Heilkunde, Bonn: 36: 5.
Schmidt (1882) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 7: 26.
MacIvor, R.W.E. (1887) On Australian bat guano and some minerals occurring therein. The Chemical News: 55: 215-216.
Hoffmann, G.C. (1901) On some new mineral occurrences in Canada. American Journal of Science: Series 4: 11: 149-153.
de Schulten (1903) Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie: 26: 24, 95 (artif. mat.).
Larsen, E.S. (1921) The Microscopic Determination of the Nonopaque Minerals, First edition: USGS Bulletin 679: 115.
Richards, G. (1928) Newberyite and other phosphates from Ascension Island. American Mineralogist: 13: 397-401.
Hägele and Machatschki (1939) Centralblatt für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paleontologie, Stuttgart: 297.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 709-711.
NJMM 97 (1961).
Cohen, L.H., Ribbe, P.H. (1966) Magnesium phosphate mineral replacement at Mono Lake, California. American Mineralogist: 51: 1755-1765.
Sutor, D.J. (1967) The crystal and molecular structure of newberyite, MgHPO4·3H2O. Acta Crystallographica: 23: 418-422.
Bull. Min. 94:556 (1971).
Abbona, F., Boistelle, R., Haser, R. (1979) Hydrogen bonding in MgHPO4·3H2O (newberyite). Acta Crystallographica: B35: 2514-2518.
Zeitschrift für Kristallographie: 154-249. (1981) [structure]
Bartl, H., Catti, M., Joswig, W., Ferraris, G. (1983) Investigation of the crystal structure of newberyite, MgHPO4·3H2O, by single crystal neutron diffraction. Tschermaks Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen: 32: 187-194.
Frost, R.L., Weier, M.L., Martens, W.N., Henry, D.A., Mills, S.J. (2005) Raman spectroscopy of newberyite, hannayite and struvite. Spectrochimica Acta Part A: 62: 181-188.
Frost, R.L., Palmer, S.J., Pogson, R.E. (2011) Raman spectroscopy of newberyite Mg(PO3OH)·3H2O: A cave mineral. Spectrochimica Acta Part A: 79: 1149-1153 .

Internet Links for NewberyiteHide

Localities for NewberyiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • Eastern Antarctica
    • Victoria Land
      • Adare Peninsula
Smith, W. C. (1959). The Volcanic Rocks of Cape Adare, South Victoria Land. order of the Trustees of the British Museum; sold by B. Quaritch [and others].
  • Victoria
    • City of Warrnambool
    • Corangamite Shire
      • Skipton
        • Mt. Widderin (Anderson's Hill)
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 699, 710.; Webb, J. A., Joyce, E. B., & Stevens, N. C. (1982). Lava caves of Australia. In Proceedings of the Third International Symposium on Vulcanospeleology. International Speleological Foundation, Seattle. p74-85.
  • Western Australia
    • Dandaragan Shire
      • Jurien Bay
Frost, R.L., Palmer, S.J., Pogson, R., (2011): Raman Spectroscopy of Newberyite Mg (PO3OH).3H20 a Cave Mineral, Spectrochimica Acta (September 1975):79(5):1149-1153
    • Dundas Shire
      • Madura Roadhouse
Mineralogical Magazine (1977): 41: 33-35.
  • Salzburg
    • Tamsweg District
      • Murwinkel
        • Schellgaden
          • Gold mines
C. Auer: Lapis 20(11):11-20 (1995)
  • Styria
    • Liezen District
      • Schladming
        • Schladminger Tauern
          • Obertalbach valley
            • Eschach Alp (Eschachboden; Martinlager)
Laskovic, F. & Weninger, H. (1967): Phosphorrößlerit MgH(PO4).7H2O und Newberyit MgH(PO4).3H2O aus dem Revier Roßblei der Eschachbaue im Obertal bei Schladming. Archiv für Lagerstättenforschung in den Ostalpen, 5, 132-139.
  • Yukon
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 710.
      • Klondike Area (Klondyke District; Klondike District)
        • Indian River Drainage
          • Quartz Creek Drainage
            • Quartz Creek
GSC Paper 80-18, p.255; Traill, R. J. (1980) Catalog of Canadian Minerals: Revised 1980. Geological Survey of Canada Paper 80-18.
  • Antofagasta
    • Antofagasta Province
      • Mejillones
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 710.
XRD by Joachim Lorenz
  • Tarapacá
    • Iquique Province
      • Chanabaya
samples analysed by Gerhard Mohn and Joy Desor
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 710.
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Cologne
      • Euskirchen
        • Mechernich
          • Kall
Blaß, G. & Graf, H. W. (1995): Neufunde von Schlackenhalden in der nördlichen Eifel (II). Mineralien-Welt, 6 (3), 28-31.
  • Liguria
    • Savona Province
      • Toirano
Audra, P., De Waele, J., Bentaleb, I., Chroňáková, A., Krištůfek, V., D’Angeli, I. M., Carbone, C., Madonia, G., Vattano, M., Scopelliti, G., Cailhol, D., Vanara, N., Temovski, M., Bigot, J.-Y., Nobécourt, J.-C., Galli, E., Rull, F., and Sanz-Arranz, A. (2019) Guano-related phosphate-rich minerals in European caves. International Journal of Speleology, 48, 1, 75-105.
  • Kajiado County
    • Mount Suswa (Suswa Volcano)
Forti, P., E. Galli & A. Rossi (2004):"Minerogenesis of volcanic caves of Kenya" , Int. J. Speleol. 32, 3-18
  • Sarawak
Mineralogical Magazine (1983): 47: 79-80.
  • Silesian Voivodeship
    • Wodzisław County
      • Radlin
Łukasz Kruszewski (2012) Unique chloride assemblage of exhalative origin from burning coal-mining dump in Radlin (Rybnik Coal Area, S Poland). Mineralogical Society of Poland Special Papers 40
  • Sakha Republic (Yakutia)
    • Verkhoyansk Fold Belt
      • Verkhoyansk Silver Province
        • Deputatsky ore cluster
Pavel M. Kartashov data
  • Sverdlovsk Oblast
Vertushkov G.N. (1955) Newberyite from mammoth tusks find in Sverdlovsk city on Ural, - ZVMO, 84(2), pp. 218-220 (in Rus.).
Saint Helena
Richard, G. (1928): Newberyite and other phosphates from Ascension Island. Am. Mineral. 13, 397-401.; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 710.; American Mineralogist 28:215-232
  • Banská Bystrica Region
Ďuďa R.,Kotuľak P., Káňa R., 1993: Bergbau und Mineralien von Banská Štiavnica (Schemnitz), Slowakei. Emser Hefte, 14, 3, 1-70, Haltern
South Africa
Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Minerals of South Africa. Geological Society of South Africa, PO Box 44283, Linden 2104, South Africa
  • Limpopo
    • Waterberg District
      • Mogalakwena
        • Mokopane (Potgietersrus)
Martini, I. (1978). Mineralogy of the Transvaal caves. South African Journal of Geology, 81(1), 47-54.
  • Mpumalanga
    • Ehlanzeni District
      • Mbombela (Nelspruit)
Martini, J.E.J. et al (1997), "Mbobo Mkulu Cave, South Africa", in "Cave Minerals of the World" (1997)
  • North West
    • Dr Kenneth Kaunda District
      • Ventersdorp
Martini, I. (1978). Mineralogy of the Transvaal caves. South African Journal of Geology, 81(1), 47-54.
  • California
    • Mono Co.
      • Mono Lake
Cohen, L.H. & P.H. Ribbe (1966), Magnesium phosphate mineral replacdement at Mono Lake California: American Mineralogist: 51: 1755-1765; Ribbe, P.H. and Cohen, L. (1966) Newberyite and monetite from Paoha Island, Mono Lake, California. California Division of Mines and Geology Mineral Information Service: 19: 46; Cooper, J.F. & G.E. Dunning (1969), Struvite found at Mono Lake: California Division Mines & Geol. Min. Info Svc.: 22: 44-45; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 314.
  • Hawaii
    • Hawaii Co.
Giorgio Bortolozzi collection
  • New Jersey
    • Sussex County
      • Franklin Mining District
        • Ogdensburg
          • Sterling Hill
Dunn, Pete J. (1995): Franklin and Sterling Hill New Jersey: the world’s most magnificent mineral deposits, part 5: 674.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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