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Nickeline

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Formula:
NiAs
Colour:
Pale copper red
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
5 - 5½
Specific Gravity:
7.784
Crystal System:
Hexagonal
Member of:
Name:
Originally named kupfernickel in 1694 by Urban Hjärne from the German nickname for Satan or Nick (in the sense of a mischievous deceiver), because the ore seemed to contain copper but yielded none. Renamed nickeline in 1832 by François Sulpice Beudant in allusion to its nickel contents. Also renamed niccolite by James Dwight Dana in 1868 from the Latin "niccolum".
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Classification of NickelineHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
2.CC.05

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
C : Metal Sulfides, M: S = 1: 1 (and similar)
C : With Ni, Fe, Co, PGE, etc.
2.8.11.1

2 : SULFIDES
8 : AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
3.11.27

3 : Sulphides, Selenides, Tellurides, Arsenides and Bismuthides (except the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au, which are included in Section 1)
11 : Sulphides etc. of Ni

Physical Properties of NickelineHide

Metallic
Transparency:
Opaque
Colour:
Pale copper red
Comment:
Tarnishes to lead grey, greyish, or black
Streak:
Pale brownish black
Hardness:
5 - 5½ on Mohs scale
Tenacity:
Brittle
Fracture:
Conchoidal
Density:
7.784 g/cm3 (Measured)    7.834 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of NickelineHide

Type:
Anisotropic
Anisotropism:
Very strong, light greenish yellow to slate-gray
Colour in reflected light:
white with strong yellowish pink hue
Pleochroism:
Strong
Comments:
Whitish yellow-pink to light brownish pink.

Chemical Properties of NickelineHide

Formula:
NiAs
Common Impurities:
Sb,Fe,Co,S

Crystallography of NickelineHide

Crystal System:
Hexagonal
Class (H-M):
6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) - Dihexagonal Dipyramidal
Space Group:
P63/mcm
Cell Parameters:
a = 3.602 Å, c = 5.009 Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 1.391
Unit Cell V:
56.28 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
2
Twinning:
On {1011} producing fourlings, possibly on {3141}

Crystallographic forms of NickelineHide

Crystal Atlas:
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Nickeline - {100}, {101}, {001}
Nickeline - Prismatic {110}
3d models and HTML5 code kindly provided by www.smorf.nl.

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Edge Lines | Miller Indicies | Axes

Transparency
Opaque | Translucent | Transparent

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X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

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Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Synonyms of NickelineHide

Other Language Names for NickelineHide

Relationship of Nickeline to other SpeciesHide

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
Achávalite(Fe,Cu)SeHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
BreithauptiteNiSbHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
FrebolditeCoSeHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
KotulskitePd(Te,Bi)Hex.
Langisite(Co,Ni)AsHex. 6 : P63
SobolevskitePd(Bi,Te)Hex.
Sudburyite(Pd,Ni)SbHex.
Group Members:
Vavřínite Ni2SbTe2Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.CC.UM2007-26-S:CuFeIrNiPtRh(Ir,Cu,Ni,Pt,Rh,Fe)9S11
2.CC.05Achávalite(Fe,Cu)SeHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
2.CC.05BreithauptiteNiSbHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
2.CC.05FrebolditeCoSeHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
2.CC.05KotulskitePd(Te,Bi)Hex.
2.CC.05Langisite(Co,Ni)AsHex. 6 : P63
2.CC.05Sederholmitebeta-NiSeHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
2.CC.05SobolevskitePd(Bi,Te)Hex.
2.CC.05StumpflitePt(Sb,Bi)Hex.
2.CC.05Sudburyite(Pd,Ni)SbHex.
2.CC.05JaipuriteCoSHex.
2.CC.05ZlatogoriteNiCuSb2Trig.
2.CC.10PyrrhotiteFe7S8Mon.
2.CC.10Smythite(Fe,Ni)3+xS4 (x=0-0.3)Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
2.CC.10TroiliteFeSHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
2.CC.15CherepanoviteRhAsOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
2.CC.15Modderite(Co,Fe)AsOrth.
2.CC.15Ruthenarsenite(Ru,Ni)AsOrth.
2.CC.15Westerveldite(Fe,Ni,Co)AsOrth.
2.CC.20MilleriteNiSTrig. 3m : R3m
2.CC.20Mäkineniteγ-NiSeTrig.
2.CC.20UM1990-38-S:CuFeIrNiPtRh(Ni,Fe,Rh,Cu,Ir,Pt)S
2.CC.25Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nmm
2.CC.30Hexatestibiopanickelite(Pd,Ni)(Sb,Te)Hex.
2.CC.30VavříniteNi2SbTe2Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
2.CC.35aBraggite(Pt,Pd,Ni)STet.
2.CC.35bCooperitePtSTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P42/mmc
2.CC.35aVysotskite(Pd,Ni)STet.

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

2.8.11.2BreithauptiteNiSbHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
2.8.11.3Sederholmitebeta-NiSeHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
2.8.11.4Hexatestibiopanickelite(Pd,Ni)(Sb,Te)Hex.
2.8.11.9Langisite(Co,Ni)AsHex. 6 : P63
2.8.11.10FrebolditeCoSeHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

3.11.1HeazlewooditeNi3S2Trig. 3 2 : R3 2
3.11.2Godlevskite(Ni,Fe)9S8Orth. 2 2 2 : C2 2 2
3.11.3MilleriteNiSTrig. 3m : R3m
3.11.4PolydymiteNi2+Ni3+2S4Iso.
3.11.5VaesiteNiS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.11.6ShanditeNi3Pb2S2Trig.
3.11.7DonharrisiteNi3HgS3Mon. 2/m : B2/m
3.11.8ViolariteFe2+Ni3+2S4Iso.
3.11.9Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
3.11.10Bravoite(Fe,Ni)S2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.11.11SiegeniteCoNi2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
3.11.12FletcheriteCu(Ni,Co)2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
3.11.13Villamaninite(Cu,Ni,Co,Fe)S2
3.11.14Mäkineniteγ-NiSeTrig.
3.11.15Sederholmitebeta-NiSeHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
3.11.16TrüstedtiteNi3Se4Iso.
3.11.17WilkmaniteNi3Se4Mon.
3.11.18KulleruditeNiSe2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
3.11.19Penroseite(Ni,Co,Cu)Se2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.11.20TyrrelliteCu(Co3+,Ni3+)2Se4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
3.11.21ImgreiteNiTe (?)Hex.
3.11.22MeloniteNiTe2Trig.
3.11.23KitkaiteNiTeSeTrig.
3.11.24Dienerite
3.11.25OrceliteNi5-xAs2, x ~ 0.25Hex. 6mm : P63mc
3.11.26MaucheriteNi11As8Tet. 4 2 2 : P41 21 2
3.11.28RammelsbergiteNiAs2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
3.11.29PararammelsbergiteNiAs2Orth.
3.11.30Nickelskutterudite(Ni,Co,Fe)As3Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Im3
3.11.31OregoniteNi2FeAs2Hex.
3.11.32Westerveldite(Fe,Ni,Co)AsOrth.
3.11.33Langisite(Co,Ni)AsHex. 6 : P63
3.11.34GersdorffiteNiAsSIso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.11.35JolliffeiteNiAsSeIso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.11.36BreithauptiteNiSbHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
3.11.38UllmanniteNiSbSIso. 2 3 : P21 3
3.11.39Willyamite(Co,Ni)SbS

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for NickelineHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Russell, A. (1927) Notice of an occurrence of niccolite and ullmannite at the Settlingstones mine, Fourstones, Northumberland; and of serpierite at Ross Island mine, Killarney, Co. Kerry, Ireland. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 21, n° 119, 383-387.
Zeitschrift für Kristallographie (1933) 84: 408.
Palache, C., Berman, H., and Frondel, C. (1944) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 834pp.: 236-238.

Internet Links for NickelineHide

Localities for NickelineHide

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Locality ListShow

Mineral and/or Locality  
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