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3½ - 4
Crystal System:
Member of:
After Harvey Harlow Nininger (1887–1986), of Sedona, Arizona, USA, for his contributions to meteoritics.
Hide all sections | Show all sections

Classification of NiningeriteHide

Approval Year:

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
C : Metal Sulfides, M: S = 1: 1 (and similar)
D : With Sn, Pb, Hg, etc.

3 : Sulphides, Selenides, Tellurides, Arsenides and Bismuthides (except the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au, which are included in Section 1)
4 : Sulphides etc. of Group II metals other than Hg (Mg, Ca, Zn, Cd)

Physical Properties of NiningeriteHide

3½ - 4 on Mohs scale

Optical Data of NiningeriteHide


Chemical Properties of NiningeriteHide

IMA Formula:
Common Impurities:

Crystallography of NiningeriteHide

Crystal System:
Cell Parameters:
a = 5.2 Å
Unit Cell V:
140.61 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Type Occurrence of NiningeriteHide

Synonyms of NiningeriteHide

Other Language Names for NiningeriteHide

Simplified Chinese:尼宁格矿

Relationship of Niningerite to other SpeciesHide

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
AlabanditeMnSIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
AltaitePbTeIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
ClausthalitePbSeIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
GalenaPbSIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
Oldhamite(Ca,Mg)SIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Clinoenstatite1 photo of Niningerite associated with Clinoenstatite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.CD.05TeallitePbSnS2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
2.CD.10AlabanditeMnSIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
2.CD.10AltaitePbTeIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
2.CD.10ClausthalitePbSeIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
2.CD.10GalenaPbSIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
2.CD.10Oldhamite(Ca,Mg)SIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
2.CD.10Keilite(Fe2+,Mg)SIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
2.CD.15aCinnabarHgSTrig. 3 2 : P31 2 1

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

3.4.2Oldhamite(Ca,Mg)SIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
3.4.4SphaleriteZnSIso. 4 3m : F4 3m
3.4.5Wurtzite(Zn,Fe)SHex. 6mm : P63mc
3.4.7GreenockiteCdSHex. 6mm : P63mc
3.4.8HawleyiteCdSIso. 4 3m : F4 3m
3.4.9CadmoseliteCdSeHex. 6mm : P63mc

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for NiningeriteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Klaus, K. and K.G. Snetsinger (1967) Niningerite: a new meteoric sulfide. Science: 155: 451-543. Abstracted: American Mineralogist (1967): 52: 925.
Osborne, M.D. and Fleet, M.E. (1984) Mössbauer investigation of niningerite slid solutions (Mg,Fe)S. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals: 10: 245-249.
DAWSON, K.R., MAXWELL, J.A. & PARSONS, D.E. (1960): A description of the meteorite which fell near Abee, Alberta, Canada. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 21, 127-144.
Leitch, C.A. and J.V. Smith (1982) Petrography, mineral chemistry and origin of type I enstatite chondrites. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 46, 2083–2097.
Fleet, M.E. and MacRae, N.D. (1987) Sulfidation of Mg-rich olivine and the stability of niningerite in enstatite chondrites. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta: 51: 1511-1521.
Ehlers, K. and A. El Goresy (1988) Normal and reverse zoning in niningerite: a novel key parameter to the thermal histories of EH-chondrites. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 52, 877–887.
National Bureau of Standards Circular 539, 7, 31.

Internet Links for NiningeriteHide

Localities for NiningeriteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • Eastern Antarctica
    • Queen Maud Land
      • Queen Fabiola Mts (Yamato Mts)
El Gorsey, A., Yabuki, H., Ehlers, K., Woolum, D. & Pernicka, E. (1988). Qingzhen and Yamato-691: A tentative alphabet for the EH chondrites. Proceedings NIPR Symposium Antarctic Meteorites 1, 65-101.
Lin, Y. & Kimura, M. (1998) Petrographic and mineralogical study of new EH melt rocks and a new enstatite chondrite grouplet: Meteoritics & Planetary Science 33(3): 501-511. (May 1998)
    • Transantarctic Mts
      • Pecora Escarpment
        • LaPaz Ice Field
Izawa, M. R. M., King, P. L., Flemming, R. L., Peterson, R. C. & McCausland, P. J. A. (2010) Mineralogical and spectroscopic investigation of enstatite chondrites by X-ray diffraction and infrared reflectance spectroscopy. Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets 115 (E7): 18 pages. (July 2010)
    • Victoria Land
      • Allan Hills
The Meteoritical Bulletin, No. 77, 1994 November
      • Queen Alexandra Range
van Niekerk, D., Keil, K. & Humayan, M. (2014) Petrogenesis of anomalous Queen Alexandra Range enstatite meteorites and their relation to enstatite chondrites, primitive enstatite achondrites, and aubrites: Meteoritics & Planetary Science 49 (3): 295-312. (March 2014)
Azerbaijan (TL)
  • Ağcabədi District (Aghjabadi)
    • Shusha
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; American Mineralogist, Volume 93, pages 902–909, 2008; Isa, J., Ma, C., & Rubin, A. E. (2016, March). Joegoldsteinite: A New Sulfide Mineral (MnCr2S4) from the IVA Iron Meteorite, Social Circle. In Lunar and Planetary Science Conference (Vol. 47, p. 1813).
Canada (TL)
  • Alberta
    • Abee
RUBIN, A.E. & KEIL, K. (1980): Mineralogy and petrology of the Abee enstatite chondrite. Meteoritics 15, 358-359. SHIMIZU, M., YOSHIDA, H. & MANDARINO, J.A. (2002) The new mineral species keilite, (Fe,Mg)S, the iron-dominant analogue of niningerite. Canadian Mineralogist 40, 1687-1992.
  • Guizhou Province
    • Guiyang Prefecture
      • Qingzhen Co.
Yongheng Chen, Daode Wang, and Pernicka, E. (1993): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 13(3)
  • Southwestern Finland Region
    • Pargas (Parainen)
      • Nauvo
Ramdohr, P. 1972. The highly reflecting and opaque components in the minerals content of the Haverö meteorite. Meteoritics, vol 7,N:o 4 December 30, 1972.
  • Occitanie
    • Haute-Garonne
      • Saint-Jory
Keil, K. (1968). Mineralogical and Chemical Relationships among the Enstatite Chondrites. Journal of Geophysical Research 73 (22): 6945-6976. (Nov 1968)
  • Bihar
    • Muzaffarpur
Nehru, C. E., Prinz, M., Weisberg, M. K. & Delaney, J. S. (1984) Parsa: an Unequilibrated Enstatite Chondrite (uec) with an Aubrite-Like Impact Melt Clast (abstract), Lunar and Planetary Science XV, 597-598. (March 1984)
  • Uttar Pradesh
    • Basti Division
      • Basti District
        • Gorakhpur
T. J. McCoy (1996). A Pyroxene-Oldhamite Clast in Bustee: Igneous Aubritic Oldhamite and the TI Enrichment in Aubritic Troilite. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 31, p. A86.
  • Nkhotakota District
LEITCH, C.A. & SMITH, J.V. (1982): Petrography, mineral chemistry and origin of Type I enstatite chondrites. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 46, 2083-2097.
  • Al Wusta Region
Brearley, A. J. & Jones, R. H. (1998): Chondritic Meteorites. In: Planetary Materials (Papike, J. J., Editor): Chapter 3, 398 pages. Mineralogical Society of America: Washington, DC, USA. (1998)
  • Punjab
    • Sargodha District
Shimizu M, Yoshida H, Mandarino J A (2002) The new mineral species keilite, (Fe,Mg)S, the iron-dominant analogue of niningerite, The Canadian Mineralogist 40, 1687-1692 ; Keil, K. (1968). Mineralogical and Chemical Relationships among the Enstatite Chondrites. Journal of Geophysical Research 73 (22): 6945-6976. (Nov 1968)
  • Volga Region
    • Mordovia Republic
Paul Ramdohr (1972). The Highly and Opaque Components in the Mineral Content of the Haverö Meteorite. Meteoritics 7, No.4, 565-572. (Dec 1972).
Sahara Desert
Péter Németh, Stephen W. Lehner, Michail I. Petaev, Peter R. Buseck (2013): Kumdykolite, a high-temperature feldspar from an enstatite chondrite. American Mineralogist, 98, 1070-1073.; Gannoun, A., Boyet, M., El Goresy, A., & Devouard, B. (2011). REE and actinide microdistribution in Sahara 97072 and ALHA77295 EH3 chondrites: A combined cosmochemical and petrologic investigation. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 75(11), 3269-3289; Lehner, S. W., Nemeth, P., Petaev, M. I., & Buseck, P. R. (2013). Origin of Fine-Grained Albite in an EH3 Sulfidized Chondrule. LPI Contributions, 1719, 2500.; Lehner, S. W., McDonough, W. F., & Németh, P. (2014). EH3 matrix mineralogy with major and trace element composition compared to chondrules. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 49(12), 2219-2240.
South Africa
  • Eastern Cape Province
    • Chris Hani District
Minerals of South Africa
  • Kassala Wilayah
    • Gash delta
Robert A. Fogel (1994). Aubrite basalt vitrophyres: High sulfur silicate melts and a snapshot of aubrite formation. Meteoritics 29, #4, 466-467.
  • Nar an Nil
Addi Bischoff, Mariam Horstmann, Andreas Pack, Matthias Laubstein & Siegfried Haberer (2010). Asteroid 2008 TC3—Almahata Sitta: A spectacular breccia containing many different ureilitic and chondritic lithologies. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 45, (#10-11), 1638-1657-1667. (Oct-Nov 2010).
  • Kansas
    • Norton Co.
Ramdohr, P. (1973). The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
    • Pawnee Co.
Weisberg et al., (2010) Meteoritical Bulletin, no. 97: Meteoritics & Planetary Science 45 (3): 449-493. (March 2010)
  • Montana
    • Broadwater Co.
Ramdohr, P. (1973). The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam, London: New York. 245 pages.
  • Texas
    • Brewster Co.
      • Marathon
        • Gage Ranch
Ramdohr, P. (1973). The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
    • Lubbock Co.
Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta (1989), 53(12), 3291-307
Western Sahara
  • al-Saqiyah al-Hamra'a (Saguia el Hamra)
Patzer, A., Hill, D. H., & Boynton, W. V. (2001). Itqiy: A metal‐rich enstatite meteorite with achondritic texture. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 36(11), 1495-1505.
  • Hadramawt Governorate
Meteoritics & Planetary Science 39,53-60(2004); Zolensky, M. & A.Ivanov, Chemie der Erde 63,185-246(2003)
The Moon
  • Mare Imbrium
    • Palus Putredinis
      • Apollo 15 landing site area
Meteoritical Bulletin, 81: July 1997
Mineral and/or Locality  
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