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Nitrocalcite

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Formula:
Ca(NO3)2 · 4H2O
Colour:
White, grey; colourless in transmitted light
Hardness:
1 - 2
Specific Gravity:
1.9
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
In allusion to the composition, being a NITRate of CALCIum.
This page provides mineralogical data about Nitrocalcite.


Hide all sections | Show all sections

Classification of NitrocalciteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
5.NC.10

5 : CARBONATES (NITRATES)
N : NITRATES
C : With H2O
Dana 7th ed.:
18.2.2.1
18.2.2.1

18 : NORMAL NITRATES
2 : A(XO3)2·xH2O, where x can equal zero
13.5

13 : Nitrates

Physical Properties of NitrocalciteHide

Transparency:
Transparent
Colour:
White, grey; colourless in transmitted light
Hardness:
1 - 2 on Mohs scale
Density:
1.9 g/cm3 (Measured)    

Optical Data of NitrocalciteHide

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.465 nβ = 1.498 nγ = 1.504
2V:
Measured: 48° to 52°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.039
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
r > v strong

Chemical Properties of NitrocalciteHide

Formula:
Ca(NO3)2 · 4H2O

Crystallography of NitrocalciteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Cell Parameters:
a = 14.47 Å, b = 9.16 Å, c = 6.28 Å
β = 98.42°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 1.58 : 1 : 0.686
Unit Cell V:
823.41 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Morphology:
Efflorescent crusts, tufts and masses; rarely as acicular crystals. Artificial crystals long prismatic [001].

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
7.72 (70)
5.42 (65)
5.14 (100)
4.36 (55)
3.580 (70)
3.121 (55)
2.810 (55)

Type Occurrence of NitrocalciteHide

Synonyms of NitrocalciteHide

Other Language Names for NitrocalciteHide

Common AssociatesHide

NiterKNO3
NitromagnesiteMg(NO3)2 · 6H2O

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

5.NC.05NitromagnesiteMg(NO3)2 · 6H2OMon. 2/m

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

13.1NitratineNaNO3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3c
13.2NiterKNO3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmma
13.3GerhardtiteCu2(NO3)(OH)3Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
13.4NitromagnesiteMg(NO3)2 · 6H2OMon. 2/m
13.6NitrobariteBa(NO3)2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
13.7ButtgenbachiteCu19(NO3)2(OH)32Cl4 · 2H2OHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
13.8SveiteKAl7(NO3)4(OH)16Cl2 · 8H2OMon.
13.9DarapskiteNa3(SO4)(NO3) · H2OMon. 2/m
13.10HumberstoniteNa7K3Mg2(SO4)6(NO3)2 · 6H2OTrig. 3 : R3
13.11Mbobomkulite(Ni,Cu)Al4((NO3)2,SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2OMon.
13.12Hydrombobomkulite(Ni,Cu)Al4((NO3)2,SO4)(OH)12 · 13-14H2OMon.
13.13Nickelalumite(Ni,Cu)Al4(SO4,(NO3)2)(OH)12 · 3H2OMon.

Other InformationHide

Notes:
Readily soluble in water.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for NitrocalciteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
de Lisle, R. (1783) Cristallographie, ou description des formes propres à tous les corps du regne minéral. 4 volumes, Paris: 1: 360 (as Nitre à base calcaire).
Hausmann, J.F.L. (1813) Handbuch der Mineralogie 3 volumes, Göttingen: 858 (as Kalksalpeter).
Beudant, F.S. (1824) Traité élémentaire de Minéralogie, Paris: 421 (as Nitrate de chaux).
Beudant, F.S. (1832) Traité élémentaire de Minéralogie, second edition, 2 volumes: 2: 383.
Shepard C.U. (1835) Treatise on Mineralogy. First edition: vol. 1, New Haven (1832); vols. 2: 84.
Huot, J.J. (1841) Manuel de Minéralogie. 2 volumes, Paris: 2: 430 (Calcinitre).
Marignac (1856) Annales des mines: 9: 31.
Lacroix, A. (1901) Minéralogie de la France et des ses colonies, Paris. 5 volumes: vol. 3: 412.
Larsen, E.S. (1921) The Microscopic Determination of the Nonopaque Minerals, First edition, USGS Bulletin 679: 116 (artificial material).
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 306-307.
Acta Crystallographica: B30: 1861-1866.

Internet Links for NitrocalciteHide

Localities for NitrocalciteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • Australian Capital Territory
    • Brindabella Range
      • Cotter River
        • Paddy's River Cu Mine
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. IV; McQueen, Ken G.; J. R. Caldwell; P. W. Millsteed (July 1988). "Primary and Secondary Minerals at the Paddy's River Mine, Australian Capital Territory". Australian Mineralogist 3: 83–100.
China
 
  • Xinjiang Autonomous Region
    • Tulufan Prefecture (Turfan Prefecture; Turpan Prefecture)
      • Shanshan Co. (Piqan Co.; Pichan Co.)
        • Kanggur-Xifengshan gold belt
Zhaoxin Han, Lijun Luan, and Chaoyou Wang (2004): Journal of Xi'an University of Science and Technology 24(3), 324-327
Hungary
 
  • Csongrád Co.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 306.
Italy
 
  • Apulia
    • Bari Province
      • Molfetta
        • Pulo di Molfetta
Zimmerman E.A.G. (1789): Viaggio alla nitriera di Molfetta nella terra di Bari in Puglia. Opuscoli scelti, 12, 289-306. Zimmerman E.A.G. (1789): Voyage à la Nitrière naturelle de Molfetta, dans la Terre de Bari en Pouille. Chez Barrois, Libraire, Paris, 49 pp. (abstract: Journal de Physique, 36 (1790), 109-117). Onac B.P., Forti P. (2011): Minerogenetic mechanisms occurring in the cave environment: an overview. International Journal of Speleology, 40, 2, 79-98.
South Africa
 
  • Gauteng Province
    • Pretoria District (Tshwane District)
Minerals of South Africa; Rocks & Minerals 83:5 pp 410-421
Spain
 
Tony Nickischer
Tajikistan
 
  • Viloyati Sogd (Viloyati Sughd; Viloyati Khodzhent; Viloyati Leninabad)
    • Kuraminskii Range
Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Cochise Co.
      • Whetstone Mts
        • Whetstone District
www.cave.org; Hill, C.A. (1999) Mineralogy of Kartchner Caverns, Arizona, Journal of Cave and Karst Studies: 61(2): 73-78
    • Gila & Pinal Cos.
      • Winkelman area
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 307; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 56.
    • Gila Co.
      • Dripping Spring Mts
        • Banner District
          • Christmas area
            • Christmas
Raman analyzed at the University of Arizona.
    • Pinal Co.
      • Casa Grande District
Anthony, Williams, Bideaux, 1982. Mineralogy of Arizona, rev. ed., p.147
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 314.
  • Indiana
    • Crawford Co.
Erd, R. C. and S.S. Greenburg (1960) Minerals of Indiana. Indiana Geological Survey Bulletin 18 73pp
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 306.; Erd, R. C. and S.S. Greenburg (1960) Minerals of Indiana. Indiana Geological Survey Bulletin 18 73pp
    • Lawrence Co.
      • Huron
Erd, R. C. and S.S. Greenburg (1960) Minerals of Indiana. Indiana Geological Survey Bulletin 18 73pp
      • Mitchell
        • Spring Mill State Park
Erd, R. C. and S.S. Greenburg (1960) Minerals of Indiana. Indiana Geological Survey Bulletin 18 73pp
      • Oolitic
Erd, R. C. and S.S. Greenburg (1960) Minerals of Indiana. Indiana Geological Survey Bulletin 18 73pp
    • Monroe Co.
      • Bloomington
Erd, R. C. and S.S. Greenburg (1960) Minerals of Indiana. Indiana Geological Survey Bulletin 18 73pp
  • Kentucky
    • Edmonson Co.
      • Mammoth Cave National Park
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 306.
  • New Mexico
    • Hidalgo Co.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 306; Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
    • Sierra Co.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
  • Tennessee
    • Anderson Co.
Travis A. Paris (2011) Tennessee Mineral Locality Index. Rocks & Minerals 86:300-328
    • Carter Co.
      • Hampton District
Paris, T.A. (2011) Tennessee mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 86, #4, 300-328.
Paris, T.A. (2011) Tennessee mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 86, #4, 300-328.
    • DeKalb Co.
      • Dowelltown
Paris, T.A. (2011) Tennessee mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 86, #4, 300-328.
Paris, T.A. (2011) Tennessee mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 86, #4, 300-328.
Paris, T.A. (2011) Tennessee mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 86, #4, 300-328.
      • Liberty
Paris, T.A. (2011) Tennessee mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 86, #4, 300-328.
      • Temperance Hall
Paris, T.A. (2011) Tennessee mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 86, #4, 300-328.
    • Fentress Co.
      • Buffalo Cove
Paris, T.A. (2011) Tennessee mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 86, #4, 300-328.
    • Hickman Co.
Travis A. Paris (2011) Tennessee mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 86, #4, 300-328.
    • Marion Co.
Acta Cryst. B33 (1977), 1861
    • Sevier Co.
Coskren, T. D. & Lauf, R. J. (2000): The Minerals of Alum Cave Bluff, Great Smoky Mountains, Tennessee. Mineralogical Record, 31, 163-175.
    • Stewart Co.
      • Tobaccoport
Travis A. Paris (2011) Tennessee mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 86, #4, 300-328.
    • Van Buren Co.
Travis A. Paris (2011) Tennessee mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 86, #4, 300-328.
Travis A. Paris (2011) Tennessee mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 86, #4, 300-328.
Travis A. Paris (2011) Tennessee mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 86, #4, 300-328.
    • Warren Co.
      • Shellford
Paris, T.A. (2011) Tennessee mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 86, #4, 300-328.
Paris, T.A. (2011) Tennessee mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 86, #4, 300-328.
      • Steppsville
Paris, T.A. (2011) Tennessee mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 86, #4, 300-328.
    • White Co.
Travis A. Paris (2011) Tennessee mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 86, #4, 300-328.
      • Gum Spring Mountain
Travis A. Paris (2011) Tennessee mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 86, #4, 300-328.
Travis A. Paris (2011) Tennessee mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 86, #4, 300-328.
    • Wilson Co.
Travis A. Paris (2011) Tennessee mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 86, #4, 300-328.
Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
  • West Virginia
    • Pendleton Co.
A GUIDE TO THE GEOLOGY OF THE SINNETT-THORN MOUNTAIN CAVE SYSTEM, PENDLETON COUNTY, WEST VIRGINIA
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