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Nitrocalcite

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Formula:
Ca(NO3)2 · 4H2O
System:
Monoclinic
Colour:
White, grey; colourless ...
Hardness:
1 - 2
Name:
In allusion to the composition, being a NITRate of CALCIum.
This page provides mineralogical data about Nitrocalcite.


Classification of Nitrocalcite

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
5.NC.10

5 : CARBONATES (NITRATES)
N : NITRATES
C : With H2O
Dana 7th ed.:
18.2.2.1
18.2.2.1

18 : NORMAL NITRATES
2 : A(XO3)2·xH2O, where x can equal zero
13.5

13 : Nitrates

Physical Properties of Nitrocalcite

Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Transparent
Colour:
White, grey; colourless in transmitted light
Hardness (Mohs):
1 - 2
Density:
1.9 g/cm3 (Measured)    

Optical Data of Nitrocalcite

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.465 nβ = 1.498 nγ = 1.504
2V:
Measured: 48° to 52°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.039
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
r > v strong

Chemical Properties of Nitrocalcite

Formula:
Ca(NO3)2 · 4H2O
Elements listed in formula:

Crystallography of Nitrocalcite

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Cell Parameters:
a = 14.47 Å, b = 9.16 Å, c = 6.28 Å
β = 98.42°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 1.58 : 1 : 0.686
Unit Cell Volume:
V 823.41 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Morphology:
Efflorescent crusts, tufts and masses; rarely as acicular crystals. Artificial crystals long prismatic [001].
X-Ray Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
7.72 (70)
5.42 (65)
5.14 (100)
4.36 (55)
3.580 (70)
3.121 (55)
2.810 (55)

Occurrences of Nitrocalcite

Type Occurrence of Nitrocalcite

Relationship of Nitrocalcite to other Species

Common Associates:
13.1NitratineNaNO3
13.2NiterKNO3
13.3GerhardtiteCu2(NO3)(OH)3
13.4NitromagnesiteMg(NO3)2 · 6H2O
13.6NitrobariteBa(NO3)2
13.7ButtgenbachiteCu19(NO3)2(OH)32Cl4 · 2H2O
13.8SveiteKAl7(NO3)4(OH)16Cl2 · 8H2O
13.9DarapskiteNa3(SO4)(NO3) · H2O
13.10HumberstoniteNa7K3Mg2(SO4)6(NO3)2 · 6H2O
13.11Mbobomkulite(Ni,Cu)Al4((NO3)2,SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
13.12Hydrombobomkulite(Ni,Cu)Al4((NO3)2,SO4)(OH)12 · 13-14H2O
13.13Nickelalumite(Ni,Cu)Al4(SO4,(NO3)2)(OH)12 · 3H2O

Other Names for Nitrocalcite

Other Information

Other Information:
Readily soluble in water.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Nitrocalcite

Reference List:
de Lisle, R. (1783) Cristallographie, ou description des formes propres à tous les corps du regne minéral. 4 volumes, Paris: 1: 360 (as Nitre à base calcaire).

Hausmann, J.F.L. (1813) Handbuch der Mineralogie 3 volumes, Göttingen: 858 (as Kalksalpeter).

Beudant, F.S. (1824) Traité élémentaire de Minéralogie, Paris: 421 (as Nitrate de chaux).

Beudant, F.S. (1832) Traité élémentaire de Minéralogie, second edition, 2 volumes: 2: 383.

Shepard C.U. (1835) Treatise on Mineralogy. First edition: vol. 1, New Haven (1832); vols. 2: 84.

Huot, J.J. (1841) Manuel de Minéralogie. 2 volumes, Paris: 2: 430 (Calcinitre).

Marignac (1856) Annales des mines: 9: 31.

Lacroix, A. (1901) Minéralogie de la France et des ses colonies, Paris. 5 volumes: vol. 3: 412.

Larsen, E.S. (1921) The Microscopic Determination of the Nonopaque Minerals, First edition, USGS Bulletin 679: 116 (artificial material).

Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 306-307.

Acta Crystallographica: B30: 1861-1866.

Internet Links for Nitrocalcite

mindat.org URL:
https://www.mindat.org/min-2919.html
Please feel free to link to this page.

Localities for Nitrocalcite

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Australia
 
  • Australian Capital Territory
    • Brindabella Range
      • Cotter River
        • Paddy's River Cu Mine
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. IV; McQueen, Ken G.; J. R. Caldwell; P. W. Millsteed (July 1988). "Primary and Secondary Minerals at the Paddy's River Mine, Australian Capital Territory". Australian Mineralogist 3: 83–100.
China
 
  • Xinjiang Autonomous Region
    • Tulufan Prefecture (Turfan Prefecture; Turpan Prefecture)
      • Shanshan Co. (Piqan Co.; Pichan Co.)
        • Kanggur-Xifengshan gold belt
Zhaoxin Han, Lijun Luan, and Chaoyou Wang (2004): Journal of Xi'an University of Science and Technology 24(3), 324-327
Hungary
 
  • Csongrád Co.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 306.
Italy
 
  • Apulia
    • Bari Province
      • Molfetta
        • Pulo di Molfetta
Zimmerman E.A.G. (1789): Viaggio alla nitriera di Molfetta nella terra di Bari in Puglia. Opuscoli scelti, 12, 289-306. Zimmerman E.A.G. (1789): Voyage à la Nitrière naturelle de Molfetta, dans la Terre de Bari en Pouille. Chez Barrois, Libraire, Paris, 49 pp. (abstract: Journal de Physique, 36 (1790), 109-117). Onac B.P., Forti P. (2011): Minerogenetic mechanisms occurring in the cave environment: an overview. International Journal of Speleology, 40, 2, 79-98.
South Africa
 
  • Gauteng Province
    • Pretoria District (Tshwane District)
Minerals of South Africa; Rocks & Minerals 83:5 pp 410-421
Spain
 
Tony Nickischer
Tajikistan
 
  • Viloyati Sogd (Viloyati Sughd; Viloyati Khodzhent; Viloyati Leninabad)
    • Kuraminskii Range
Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Cochise Co.
      • Whetstone Mts
        • Whetstone District
www.cave.org; Hill, C.A. (1999) Mineralogy of Kartchner Caverns, Arizona, Journal of Cave and Karst Studies: 61(2): 73-78
    • Gila & Pinal Cos.
      • Winkelman area
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 307; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 56.
    • Gila Co.
      • Dripping Spring Mts
        • Banner District
          • Christmas area
            • Christmas
Raman analyzed at the University of Arizona.
    • Pinal Co.
      • Casa Grande District
Anthony, Williams, Bideaux, 1982. Mineralogy of Arizona, rev. ed., p.147
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 314.
  • Indiana
    • Crawford Co.
Erd, R. C. and S.S. Greenburg (1960) Minerals of Indiana. Indiana Geological Survey Bulletin 18 73pp
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 306.; Erd, R. C. and S.S. Greenburg (1960) Minerals of Indiana. Indiana Geological Survey Bulletin 18 73pp
    • Lawrence Co.
      • Huron
Erd, R. C. and S.S. Greenburg (1960) Minerals of Indiana. Indiana Geological Survey Bulletin 18 73pp
      • Mitchell
        • Spring Mill State Park
Erd, R. C. and S.S. Greenburg (1960) Minerals of Indiana. Indiana Geological Survey Bulletin 18 73pp
      • Oolitic
Erd, R. C. and S.S. Greenburg (1960) Minerals of Indiana. Indiana Geological Survey Bulletin 18 73pp
    • Monroe Co.
      • Bloomington
Erd, R. C. and S.S. Greenburg (1960) Minerals of Indiana. Indiana Geological Survey Bulletin 18 73pp
  • Kentucky
    • Edmonson Co.
      • Mammoth Cave National Park
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 306.
  • New Mexico
    • Hidalgo Co.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 306; Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
    • Sierra Co.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
  • Tennessee
    • Anderson Co.
Travis A. Paris (2011) Tennessee Mineral Locality Index. Rocks & Minerals 86:300-328
    • Carter Co.
      • Hampton District
Paris, T.A. (2011) Tennessee mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 86, #4, 300-328.
Paris, T.A. (2011) Tennessee mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 86, #4, 300-328.
    • DeKalb Co.
      • Dowelltown
Paris, T.A. (2011) Tennessee mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 86, #4, 300-328.
Paris, T.A. (2011) Tennessee mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 86, #4, 300-328.
Paris, T.A. (2011) Tennessee mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 86, #4, 300-328.
      • Liberty
Paris, T.A. (2011) Tennessee mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 86, #4, 300-328.
      • Temperance Hall
Paris, T.A. (2011) Tennessee mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 86, #4, 300-328.
    • Fentress Co.
      • Buffalo Cove
Paris, T.A. (2011) Tennessee mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 86, #4, 300-328.
    • Hickman Co.
Travis A. Paris (2011) Tennessee mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 86, #4, 300-328.
    • Marion Co.
Acta Cryst. B33 (1977), 1861
    • Sevier Co.
      • Great Smoky Mountains National Park
Coskren, T. D. & Lauf, R. J. (2000): The Minerals of Alum Cave Bluff, Great Smoky Mountains, Tennessee. Mineralogical Record, 31, 163-175.
    • Stewart Co.
      • Tobaccoport
Travis A. Paris (2011) Tennessee mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 86, #4, 300-328.
    • Van Buren Co.
Travis A. Paris (2011) Tennessee mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 86, #4, 300-328.
Travis A. Paris (2011) Tennessee mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 86, #4, 300-328.
Travis A. Paris (2011) Tennessee mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 86, #4, 300-328.
    • Warren Co.
      • Shellford
Paris, T.A. (2011) Tennessee mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 86, #4, 300-328.
Paris, T.A. (2011) Tennessee mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 86, #4, 300-328.
      • Steppsville
Paris, T.A. (2011) Tennessee mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 86, #4, 300-328.
    • White Co.
Travis A. Paris (2011) Tennessee mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 86, #4, 300-328.
      • Gum Spring Mountain
Travis A. Paris (2011) Tennessee mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 86, #4, 300-328.
Travis A. Paris (2011) Tennessee mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 86, #4, 300-328.
    • Wilson Co.
Travis A. Paris (2011) Tennessee mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 86, #4, 300-328.
Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
  • West Virginia
    • Pendleton Co.
A GUIDE TO THE GEOLOGY OF THE SINNETT-THORN MOUNTAIN CAVE SYSTEM, PENDLETON COUNTY, WEST VIRGINIA
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