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Thiospinel Group

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"Thio" = sulphur and spinel in allusion to the member species's chemical composition as sulphides (and related minerals such as selenides, tellurides, etc.) and their spinel-like structure.
A group of sulphides and related minerals (X = S, Se, Te) with a spinel structure (compare the Spinel Group of oxides).

Classification of Thiospinel Group

Chemical Properties of Thiospinel Group


Relationship of Thiospinel Group to other Species

Group Members:
Linnaeite Group 
  Bornhardtite Co2+Co23+Se4
  Cadmoindite CdIn2S4
  Carrollite Cu(Co,Ni)2S4
  Cuproiridsite (Cu,Fe)Ir2S4
  Cuprokalininite CuCr2S4
  Cuprorhodsite (Cu,Fe)Rh2S4
  Daubréelite Fe2+Cr23+S4
  Ferrorhodsite (Fe,Cu)(Rh,Ir,Pt)2S4
  Fletcherite Cu(Ni,Co)2S4
  Florensovite (Cu,Zn)Cr1.5Sb0.5S4
  Greigite Fe2+Fe23+S4
  Indite FeIn2S4
  Joegoldsteinite MnCr2S4
  Kalininite ZnCr2S4
  Linnaeite Co2+Co23+S4
  Malanite Cu(Pt3+,Ir3+)2S4
  Polydymite Ni2+Ni23+S4
  Siegenite CoNi2S4
  Trüstedtite Ni3Se4
  Tyrrellite Cu(Co3+,Ni3+)2Se4
  Violarite Fe2+Ni23+S4
  Xingzhongite (Pb,Cu,Fe)(Ir,Pt,Rh)2S4

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

Thiospinel Group in petrology

Common component of (items highlighted in red)

References for Thiospinel Group

Reference List:
Vaughan, D.J., Burns, R.J., and Burns, V.M. (1971) Geochemistry and bonding of thiospinel minerals. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta: 35: 365-381.

Grimes, N.W. (1974) An X-ray diffraction investigation of sulfide spinels. Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics: 7: 1-6.

Von Philipsborn, H. (1974) Zur Kristallchemie Von Sulfide und Selenid Spinellen. Fortschritte der Mineralogie: 51: 201-239.

Higgins, J.B., Speer, J.A., and Craig, J.R. (1975) A note on thiospinel space group assignment. Philosophical Magazine: 32: 685.

Vaughan, D.J. and Tossell, J.A. (1981) Electronic structure of thiospinel minerals: Results from MO calculations. American Mineralogist: 66: 1250-1253.

Rudashevsky, N.S., Men'shikov, Yu.P., Mochalov, A.G., Trubkin, N.V., Shumskaya, N.I., and Zhdanov, V.V. (1985) Cuprorhodsite CuRh2S4 and cuproiridsite CuIr2S4 - new natural thiospinels of platinum-group elements. Zapiski Vserossiyskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva: 114: 187-195 (in Russian).

Vaughan, D.J. and Craig, J.R. (1985) The crystal chemistry of iron-nickel thiospinels. American Mineralogist: 70: 1036-1043.

Charnock, J., Garner, C.D., Pattrick, R.A.D., and Vaughan, D.J. (1990) An EXAFS study of thiospinel minerals. American Mineralogist: 75: 247-255.

Wagner, T., Cook, N.J. (1999) Carrollite and related minerals of the linnaeite group: Solid solutions and nomenclature in the light of new data from the Siegerland district, Germany. Can. Mineral., 37, 545-558.

Barkov, A.Y., Martin, R.F., Halkoaho, T.A.A., and Poirier, G. (2000a) The mechanism of charge compensation in Cu-Fe-PGE thiospinels from the Penikat layered intrusion, Finland. American Mineralogist: 85: 694-697.

Internet Links for Thiospinel Group URL:
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Localities for Thiospinel Group

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
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