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Platinum-Group Elements

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About Platinum-Group ElementsHide

A group of six metallic elements: Iridium, Osmium, Palladium, Platinum, Rhodium, and Ruthenium.

The platinum-group elements often occur in native form, often together and are often alloyed with each other and iron or other metals. They are frequently referred to in the literature as the PGE's.


Synonyms of Platinum-Group ElementsHide

Other Language Names for Platinum-Group ElementsHide

Simplified Chinese:铂族元素

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Platinum-Group ElementsHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Wöhler, L., Ewald, K., and Krall, H. (1933) The sulfides, selenides and tellurides of the six platinum metals. G. Ber. 66B: 1638-1652.
Cousins, C.A. (1973) Platinoids of the Witwatersrand system. Journal of the South African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy: 73: 184-199.
Harris, D.C. and Cabri, L.J. (1973) The nomenclature of the natural alloys of osmium, iridium and ruthenium based on new compositional data of alloys from world-wide occurrences. Canadian Mineralogist: 12: 104-112.
Stumpfl, E.F. (1974) The genesis of platinum deposits: further thoughts. Minerals Sci. Engineering: 6: 120-141.
Cousins, C.A. and Kinloch, E.D. (1976) Some observations on textures and inclusions on alluvial platinoids. Economic Geology: 71: 1377-1398.
Page, N.J., Clark, A.L., Desborough, G.A., and Parker, R.L. (1973) Platinum-group metals. USGS Professional Paper 820: 537-545.
Yu, T.-H., Lin, S.-J., Cao, P., Fang, C.-S., and Huang, C.-S. (1974) A preliminary study of some new minerals of the platinum-group and another associated new one in platinum-bearing intrusions in a region of China. Acta Geologica Sinica: 2: 202-218 (in Chinese).
Cabri, L.J. and Feather, C.E. (1975) Platinum-iron alloys. Nomenclature based on a study of natural and synthetic alloys. Canadian Mineralogist: 13: 117-126.
Cabri, L.J. and Harris, D.C. (1975) Zoning in Os-Ir alloys and relation of the geological and tectonic environment of the source rocks to the bulk Pt:Pt+Ir+Os ratio for placers. Canadian Mineralogist: 13: 266-274.
Naldrett, A.J. and Cabri, L.J. (1976) Ultramafic and related mafic rocks: their classification and genesis with special reference to the concentration of nickel sulfides and platinum-group elements. Economic Geology: 71: 1131-1158.
Naldrett, A.J. and Duke, J.M. (1980) Platinum metals in magmatic sulfide ores. Science: 208: 1417-1424.
Berlincourt, L.E., Hummel, H.H., and Skinner, B.J. (1981) Phases and phase relations of the platinum-group elements. In Platinum-Group Elements: Mineralogy, Geology, Recovery (L.J. Cabri, Editor). Canadian Institute of Mining, Metallurgy, Petroleum, Spec. Vol. 23: 19-45.
Cabri, L.J. and Laflamme, J.H.G. (1981) Analyses of minerals containing platinum-group elements. In Platinum-Group Elements: Mineralogy, Geology, Recovery (L.J. Cabri, Editor). Canadian Institute of Mining, Metallurgy, Petroleum, Spec. Vol. 23: 151-173.
Hudson, D.R. and Donaldson, M.J. (1981) Mineralogy of platinum-group elements in the Kambalda nickel deposits, Western Australia. In Sulphide Deposits in Mafic and Ultramafic Rocks (D.L. Buchanan and M.J. Jones, editors). Institution of Mining and Metallurgy, London, U.K. (55-61).
Bowles, J.F.W. (1986) The development of platinum-group minerals in laterites. Economic Geology: 81: 1278-1285.
Bowles, J.F.W. (1990) Platinum-iron alloys, their structural and magnetic characteristics in relation to hydrothermal and low-temperature genesis. Mineralogy and Petrology: 43: 37-47.
Weiser, T.W. (1990) The quantitative proof of the existence of PGE-oxides. Sixth International Platinum Symposium (Perth), 52 (abstract).
Cabri, L.J. and Genkin, A.D. (1991) Re-examination of platinum alloys from lode and placer deposits, Urals. Canadian Mineralogist: 29: 419-425.
Fleet, M.E. and Stone, W.E. (1991) Partitioning of platinum-group elements in the Fe-Ni-S system and their fractionation in nature. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta: 55: 245-253.
Harris, D.C. and Cabri, L.J. (1991) Nomenclature of platinum-group-element alloys: review and revision. Canadian Mineralogist: 29: 231-237.
Stone, W.E., Crocket, J.H., and Fleet, M.E. (1993) Sulfide-poor platinum-group mineralization in komatiitic systems: Boston Creek flow, layered basaltic komatiite, Abitibi Belt, Ontario. Economic Geology: 88: 817-836.
Augé, T. and Legendre, O. (1994) Platinum-group element oxides from the Pirogues ophiolitic mineralization, New Caledonia: origin and significance. Economic Geology: 89: 1454-1468.
Bezmen, N.I., Asif, M., Brügmann, G.E., Romanenko, I.M., and Naldrett, A.J. (1994) Distribution of Pd, Rh, Ru, Ir, Os and Au between sulfide and silicate melts. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta: 58: 1251-1260.
Bowles, J.F.W. (1995) The development of platinum-group minerals (PGM) in laterites: mineral morphology. Chron. rech. minières: 520: 55-63.
Evstigneeva, T.L., Moh, G.H., and Tarkian, M. (1995) Hydrothermal recrystallization of PGE- and Fe-Ni-sulfide assemblages. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Abhandlungen: 149: 273-277.
Cabri, L.J., Harris, D.C., and Weiser, T.W. (1996) Mineralogy and distribution of platinum-group mineral (PGM) placer deposits of the world. Explor. Mining Geol.: 5: 73-167.
Garuti, G. and Zaccarini, F. (1997) In situ alteration of platinum-group minerals at low temperature: Evidence from serpentinized and weathered chromitite of the Vourinos complex, Greece. Canadian Mineralogist: 35: 611–626.
Jambor, J.L. and Roberts, A.C. (1998) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 83: 400-403.
Larson, M.S., Stone, W.E., Morris, W.A., and rocket, J.H. (1998) Magnetic signature of magnetite-enriched rocks hosting platinum-group element mineralization within the Archean Boston Creek Flow. Geophysics: 63: 440-445.
Zhou, Mei-Fu, Sun, Min, Keays, R.R., and Kerrich, R.W. (1998) Controls on platinum-group elemental distributions of podiform chromitites: a case study of high-Cr and high-Al chromitites from Chinese orogenic belts. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta: 62: 677-688.
Melcher, F. (2000) Base metal - platinum-group element sulfides from the Urals and the Eastern Alps: characterization and significance for mineral systematics. Mineralogy and Petrology: 68: 177-211.
Cawthorn, R.G., Merkle, R.K.W., and Viljoen, M.J. (2002) Platinum-group element deposits in the Bushveld Complex, South Africa. In The Geology, Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Mineral Beneficiation of Platinum-Group Elements (L.J. Cabri, editor) Canadian Institute of Mining, Metallurgy and Petroleum, Special volume: 54: 389-429.
Makovicky, E. (2002) Ternary and quaternary phase systems with PGE. In The Geology, Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Mineral Beneficiation of Platinum-Group Elements (L.J. Cabri, editor) Canadian Institute of Mining, Metallurgy and Petroleum, Special volume: 54: 131-175.
Malitch, K.N. and Thalhammer, O.A.R. (2002) Pt-Fe nuggets from clinopyroxene-dunite massifs, Russia: a structural, compositional and osmium-isotope study. Canadian Mineralogist: 40: 395-417.
Weiser, T.W. (2002) Platinum-group minerals (PGM) in placer deposits. In The Geology, Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Mineral Beneficiation of Platinum-Group Elements (L.J. Cabri, editor) Canadian Institute of Mining, Metallurgy and Petroleum Special Volume: 54: 721-756.
Melcher, F., Oberthür, T., and Lodziak, J. (2005) Modification of detrital platinum-group minerals from the Eastern Bushveld complex, South Africa. Canadian Mineralogist: 43: 1711-1734.
Oberthür, T. and Melcher, F. (2005) Behavior of PGE and PGM in the supergene environment: a case study of persistence and redistribution in the Main Sulfide Zone of the Great Dyke, Zimbabwe. In Exploration for Platinum-Group Element Deposits (J.E. Mungall, editor). Mineralogical Association of Canada, Short Course Volume 35: 97-111.

Internet Links for Platinum-Group ElementsHide

Localities for Platinum-Group ElementsHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Albania
 
  • Kukës County
    • Tropoja ophiolitic Massif
[Osmium] http://www.env.duke.edu/faculty/boudreau/9thPtSymposium/Boshnjaku_Abstract.pdf
Argentina
 
  • Chubut Province
    • Languiñeo Department
[Platinum] Angelelli, V., Brodtkorb, M.K.de, Gordillo, C.E. y Gay,H.D., 1983. Las Especies Minerales de la República Argentina. Subsecretaría de Minería. Publicación Especial. 528 pp. Buenos Aires
[Platinum] Angelelli, V., Brodtkorb, M.K.de, Gordillo, C.E. y Gay,H.D., 1983. Las Especies Minerales de la República Argentina. Subsecretaría de Minería. Publicación Especial. 528 pp. Buenos Aires
  • San Juan Province
    • Iglesia department
      • Tudcum
        • Frontera mining district
[Platinum] Rudashevsky, N.S. & Rudashevsky, V.N. (2018): Mineral processing of poor sulfide Au-Ag ores of the volcanogenic formation (Veladero deposit, Argentina). Zapiski RMO (Proceedings of the Russian Mineralogical Society) 147, 101-120.
  • Tierra del Fuego Province
    • Río Grande department
[Platinum] Brodtkorb, Milka K. de (2002) Las Especies Minerales de la República Argentina. Tomo I. (Asociación Mineralógica Argentina)
[Platinum] Brodtkorb, Milka K. de (2002) Las Especies Minerales de la República Argentina. Tomo I. (Asociación Mineralógica Argentina)
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Buller Co.
      • Wilsons Downfall
[Platinum] R.E. Brown, H.F. Henley and W.J. Stroud: Warwick–Tweed Heads Exploration Data Package Vol. 2, Mineral occurrence data sheets, occurrence lists and mineral occurrence maps, December, 2001. Published by the Geological Survey of New South Wales (GS2001/087).
    • Camden Co.
      • Gerroa
[Platinum] G.A. Albertson Data
    • Clarke Co.
[Osmium] Sydney Fawns (1905) Tin Deposits of the World: With a Chapter on Tin Smelting
[Iridium] Carlo Tortorella
[Osmium] Dana's System of Mineralogy, 7th ed., Vol. 1, 127.
    • Cunningham Co.
      • Fifield district
[Platinum] Krister (krister_w@hotmail.com).
[Platinum] Bowman, H.N., Richardson, S.J., and Dolanski, J., Narromine 1:250000 Metallogenic Study Map SI-55-3 Mine Data Sheets and Metallogenic Study. Published by Geological Survey of N.S.W (1979).
    • Fitzroy Co.
      • Lowanna
[Palladium] Alan Melbourne pers comm
    • Kennedy Co.
      • Fifield
[Platinum] Narromine 1:250 000 Mine Data Sheets
[Platinum] Bowman, H.N., Richardson, S.J., and Dolanski, J. (1979) Narromine 1:250000 Metallogenic Study Map SI-55-3 Mine Data Sheets and Metallogenic Study. Geological Survey of N.S.W.
[Platinum] Narromine 1:250 000 Mine Data Sheets
[Platinum] Bowman, H.N., Richardson, S.J., and Dolanski, J., Narromine 1:250000 Metallogenic Study Map SI-55-3 Mine Data Sheets and Metallogenic Study. Published by Geological Survey of N.S.W (1979).
[Iridium] Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data
[Iridium] Carlo Tortorella; Webb, K. (2014). The age and tectonometallogenic setting of the Fifield “Alaskan-type” intrusive suite, Lachlan Orogen, NSW. NSW., Bachelor of Science (Honours), School of Earth & Environmental Sciences, University of Wollongong.
    • Richmond Co.
[Platinum] Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Grafton-Maclean Metallogenic Map, Geological Survey of New South Wales, 2001: HF Henley, RE Brown, JW Brownlow, RG Barnes and WJ Stroud.
      • Evans Head
[Platinum var: Ferroan Platinum] G. A. Albertson Data
[Platinum] Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Grafton-Maclean Metallogenic Map, Geological Survey of New South Wales, 2001: HF Henley, RE Brown, JW Brownlow, RG Barnes and WJ Stroud.
    • Rous Co.
[Platinum var: Ferroan Platinum] G. A. Albertson Data
[Iridium] Carlo Tortorella
[Osmium] Carlo Tortorella
    • Roxburgh Co.
      • Turondale
[Platinum] Stevens, B.P.J. (1972) Mine Data Sheets to accompany Metallogenic Map Bathurst 1:250,000 Sheet, Department of Mines, Geological Survey of New South Wales.
    • Yancowinna Co.
      • Broken Hill district
[Platinum] No reference listed
[Platinum] Stevens B.P.J., Barnes R.G., Raphael N.M., Burton, G.R. (2003) Metallogenic Studies of the Broken Hill and Euriowie Blocks New South Wales. Mineral Deposits of the Northern Broken Hill Block, Geological Survey of N.S.W. Bulletin No. 32(5).
[Platinum] G. A. Albertson Data
      • Northern Broken Hill Block
[Platinum] Northern Broken Hill Block
  • Northern Territory
    • West Arnhem Region
      • South Alligator River
[Palladium] Carlo Tortorella; G. A. Albertson Data; Cuzens, H. (2010) The Genesis and Spatial Distribution of Platinum-Group Elements in the Coronation Hill Deposit, Northern Territory, Australia. University of Western Australia.
[Palladium] Crohn, P.W. (1968): The Mines and Mineral Deposits of the Katherine-Darwin Region, Dept of National Development (1968):Bulletin 82/ Reszatt, T.N., Balding. G., Fawcett M.: Remediation of Small Scale Uranium Mining Activities in the South Alligator River Valley Kakadu National Park
  • Queensland
    • Gympie Region
[Platinum] Cranfield, L.C., Shorten, G., Scott, M., Barker, R.M. (1997) Geology and mineralisation of the Gympie Province. Tectonics and Metallogenesis of the New England Orogen (Ashley, P.M., Flood, P.G. eds). Geological Society of Australia, Special Publication 19, 128-147.
[Platinum] Cranfield, L.C., Shorten, G., Scott, M., Barker, R.M. (1997) Geology and mineralisation of the Gympie Province. Tectonics and Metallogenesis of the New England Orogen (Ashley, P.M., Flood, P.G. eds). Geological Society of Australia, Special Publication 19, 128-147.
  • Tasmania
    • Circular Head municipality
      • Corinna-Savage River district
        • Corinna
[Iridium] Bottrill & Baker (in prep) Catalogue of minerals of Tasmania
    • Derwent Valley municipality
[Iridium] Bacon, C. A. (1992). Notes on the History of Mining and Exploration at Adamsfield. Mineral Resources Tasmania.; Cabri L.J., & Harris, D. (1975). Zoning in OS-IR Alloys and the Relation of the Geogical and Tectonic Environment of the Source Rocks to the Bulk Pt: Pt+Ir+Os Ratio for Placers. Canadian Mineralogist, 13, 266-274.
[Iridium] Bottrill, R. S.; 1989, Economic Geology Appendix A; Tasmanian Geol. Surv. Explanatory Rept. 73 ( Huntley.)
    • Huon Valley municipality
      • Huon-Channel region
        • Weld river district
[Iridium] Bottrill & Baker (in prep) Catalogue of minerals of Tasmania
      • New River Lagoon district
[Iridium] Bottrill, R.S., 2014. Mineral deposits associated with the mafic-ultramafic complexes. In: Corbett, K.D., Quilty, P.G. and Calver, C.R. (editors), Section 4.4.7. Geological Evolution of Tasmania. Geological Society of Australia Special Publication 24, Geological Society of Australia (Tasmania Division), 141–145. Bottrill, R.S., Bacon, C.A. and Duncan, D.McP, 2014. Cenozoic mineral deposits. In: Corbett, K.D., Quilty, P.G. and Calver, C.R. (editors), Section 10.3. Geological Evolution of Tasmania. Geological Society of Australia Special Publication 24, Geological Society of Australia (Tasmania Division), 539–548.
    • Waratah-Wynyard municipality
      • Heazlewood district
[Iridium] Bottrill & Baker (in prep) Catalogue of minerals of Tasmania
[Iridium] Bottrill & Baker, 2008, Catalogue of Minerals of Tasmania
[Iridium] Bottrill & Baker 2008
      • Waratah district
[Iridium] M Latham collection
    • West Coast municipality
      • Rosebery district
[Iridium] Bottrill & Baker (in prep) Catalogue of minerals of Tasmania
      • Zeehan district
[Iridium] Keays, R. R., & Jowitt, S. M. (2013). The Avebury Ni deposit, Tasmania: A case study of an unconventional nickel deposit. Ore Geology Reviews, 52, 4-17.
        • North Dundas
[Palladium] G. A. Albertson Data
[Palladium] G. A. Albertson Data
    • West Tamar municipality
      • Beaconsfield district
[Iridium] Bottrill & Baker (in prep) Catalogue of minerals of Tasmania
  • Western Australia
    • Kalgoorlie-Boulder Shire
      • Ora Banda Goldfield
[Iridium] Butt, C.R.M., Robertson, I.D.M. (2003), Ora Banda Sill Platinum Prospect, CRC LEME, 2003
    • Menzies Shire
      • Mount Ida Goldfield
[Iridium] Simpson, Edward S. (1952) Minerals of Western Australia Vol 3 (Facsimile ed. 1984). Hesperian Press, Carlisle, Western Australia p 343.
    • Roebourne Shire
      • Karratha
[Palladium] Barnes, S. J., 1993 Partitioning of the Platinum Group Elements and Gold Between Silicate and Sulphide Magmas in the Munni Munni Complex, Western Australia Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, Volume 57, p. 1277 - 1290
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Kreuzeck group
      • Oberdrauburg
        • Zwickenberg
          • Fundkofel
[Platinum] Pichler (2009)
  • Styria
    • Graz
      • Unterpremstätten-Zettling
        • Unterpremstätten
[Platinum] Bojar, H.-P., Grosse, R. & Urban, H. (2015): Platin Nuggets aus den Schottergruben bei Unterpremstätten im Grazer Feld. Der Steirische Mineralog 29, 51.
    • Leoben
      • St Stefan ob Leoben
        • Mitterberg
[Iridium] Malitch, K. N., & Knauf, V. V. (2002). Diversity of PGM assemblages at Kraubath: a case study of mantle-derived chromitites from the Eastern Alps, Austria. In 9th International Platinum Symposium (Abstracts).
[Platinum] Melcher+Mali (1998)
Brazil
 
  • Bahia
[Osmium] 33rd International Geological Congress (2008) session MPM-04 Platinum-group mineralogy: Diversity of Platinum group minerals (PGM) in chromitites from Brazil, preliminary results
  • Goiás
    • Cavalcante
[Platinum] Menez, J.; Botelho, N. F. (2017): Ore characterization and textural relationships among gold, selenides, platinum-group minerals and uraninite at the granite-related Buraco do Ouro gold mine, Cavalcante, Central Brazil. Mineralogical Magazine 81, 463-476.
    • Niquelândia
[Osmium] Garuti, G., Zaccarini, F., Proenza, J. A., Thalhammer, O. A., & Angeli, N. (2012). Platinum-group minerals in chromitites of the Niquelândia layered intrusion (Central Goias, Brazil): Their magmatic origin and low-temperature reworking during serpentinization and lateritic weathering. Minerals, 2(4), 365-384.
  • Minas Gerais
    • Barão de Cocais
[Palladium] MinMag 67:453-463; Cabral, A. R. (2006). Palladiferous gold mineralisation (ouro preto) in Brazil: Gongo Soco, Itabira and Serra Pelada. Sonderhefte Reihe D - Geol. Jahrb., Heft 8
    • Fortaleza de Minas
[Platinum] Marchetto (1990) Econ Geol 85:921-927
[Platinum]
    • Itabira
[Palladium] Canadian Mineralogist 34:547-557; Kwitko, R., Cabral, A. R., Lehmann, B., Laflamme, J. G., Cabri, L. J., Criddle, A. J., & Galbiatti, H. F. (2002). Hongshiite, PtCu, from itabirite-hosted Au–Pd–Pt mineralization (jacutinga), Itabira district, Minas Gerais, Brazil. The Canadian Mineralogist, 40(2), 711-723.
[Palladium] Thorman, C.H., DeWitt, E., Maron, M.A.C., and Ladeira, E.A. (2001): Mineralium Deposita 36, 218-227
    • Serro (Serro Frio; Cerrado Frio)
[Palladium] Canadian Mineralogist; April 2002; v. 40; no. 2; p. 341-355
  • Pará
    • Carajás mineral province
      • Curionópolis
[Platinum] Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 40, pp. 1451-1463
[Platinum] 33rd International Geological Congress (2008) session MPM-04 Platinum-group mineralogy: Diversity of Platinum group minerals (PGM) in chromitites from Brazil, preliminary results
[Platinum var: Ferroan Platinum] Berni, G. V., Heinrich, C. A., Lobato, L. M., & Wall, V. (2016). Ore mineralogy of the Serra Pelada Au-Pd-Pt deposit, Carajás, Brazil and implications for ore-forming processes. Mineralium deposita, 51(6), 781-795.
Bulgaria
 
  • Blagoevgrad Province
[Iridium] Цинцов, З. (1998). Състав, разпространение и транспорт на минералите на елементите от групата на платината в алувиалните седименти на Благоевградския грабен. Сп. БГД, 59(2), 59-65.
  • Burgas Province
    • Kameno
[Iridium] Atanasov, A. V. (1990). Vasilite,(Pd, Cu) 16 (S, Te) 7, a new mineral species from Novoseltsi, Bulgaria. The Canadian Mineralogist, 28(3), 687-689.
    • Sozopol
[Osmium] Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
  • Kardzhali Province
    • Ardino Obshtina
[Platinum var: Ferroan Platinum] Kunov, A., Tsintsov, Z., Banushev, B., Кунов, А., Здравко, Ц., & Бануш, Б. Listwaenite type wall-rock alterations in Bulgaria–peculiarities and gold ore perspectives Лиственитов тип околорудни изменения в България–особености и златорудна перспектива.
    • Kirkovo Obshtina
[Platinum] I. Kostov, V. Breskovska, J. Mincheva-Stefanova, G. Kirov (1964): Minerals of Bulgaria. Sofia, Bulgaria, 540 pp. (in Bulgarian).
      • Varbitsa River
[Iridium] Tsintsov, Z. (2004): Sperrylite from alluvial placers of Vurbitsa River, SE Rhodopes. Bulgarian Geological Society, Annual Scientific Conference “Geology 2004”, 16 – 17 December 2004, abstract volume, 92-94. [http://www.bgd.bg/CONFERENCES/Conferencia_2004/pdf_files/Tsintsov.pdf]
Canada
 
  • Alberta
    • Whitecourt
[Platinum] Alberta Geological Survey, Mudaliar, G. G., Richards, J. P., & Eccles, D. R. (2007). Gold, platinum and diamond placer deposits in alluvial gravels, Whitecourt, Alberta. Albera Energy and Utilities Board.
  • British Columbia
    • Atlin Mining Division
[Iridium] Canadian Mineralogist (2005): 43: 1705.
[Iridium] Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
[Iridium] Harris D C, Cabri L J (1973) The nomenclature of the natural alloys of osmium, iridium and ruthenium based on new compositional data of alloys from world-wide occurrences. The Canadian Mineralogist 12, 104-112
    • Cariboo Mining Division
      • Likely
[Iridium] BC Government Mining Report - 1918
      • Quesnel River area
[Iridium] Harris D C, Cabri L J (1973) The nomenclature of the natural alloys of osmium, iridium and ruthenium based on new compositional data of alloys from world-wide occurrences. The Canadian Mineralogist 12, 104-112
    • Liard Mining Division
      • Dease Lake
[Iridium] Canadian Mineralogist (2005): 43: 1705.
    • Lillooet Mining Division
      • Fraser River
[Platinum] R. M. Thompson (1954) Mineral occurrences in Western Canada. American Mineralogist 39:525-528
    • Similkameen Mining Division
      • Princeton
        • Similkameen River
[Iridium] Alfredo Petrov collection
      • Similkameen River
[Platinum] Canadian Mineralogist , 1973, 12, pp.21-25.
      • Tulameen
[Osmium] Harris D C, Cabri L J (1973) The nomenclature of the natural alloys of osmium, iridium and ruthenium based on new compositional data of alloys from world-wide occurrences. The Canadian Mineralogist 12, 104-112
[Iridium] Canadian Mineralogist (2005): 43: 1705.
[Iridium] Alfredo Petrov specimen, obtained from Lismarck Minerals, analysis #19 14/04/06.
[Platinum] www.cannonmicroprobe.com/Mineral_Specimens.htm ; Nixon, G. T., Cabri, L. J., & Laflamme, J. G. (1990). Platinum-group-element mineralization in lode and placer deposits associated with the Tulameen Alaskan-type complex, British Columbia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 28(3), 503-535.
[Osmium] Harris D C, Cabri L J (1973) The nomenclature of the natural alloys of osmium, iridium and ruthenium based on new compositional data of alloys from world-wide occurrences. The Canadian Mineralogist 12, 104-112
[Iridium] Alfredo Petrov collection; Nixon, G. T., Cabri, L. J., & Laflamme, J. G. (1990). Platinum-group-element mineralization in lode and placer deposits associated with the Tulameen Alaskan-type complex, British Columbia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 28(3), 503-535.
  • Newfoundland and Labrador
    • Newfoundland
      • Baie Verte Peninsula
        • Baie Verte
          • Advocate Ophiolite complex
[Osmium] Escayola, M., Garuti, G., Zaccarini, F., Proenza, J.A., Bédard, J.H. & Van Staal, C. (2011) Chromitite and platinum-group-element mineralization at Middle Arm Brook, Advocate Ophiolite complex, Baie Verte Peninsula, Newfoundland, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist 49, 1523-1547.
      • Bay of Islands
[Platinum] Edwards, S.J. (1990) Hartzburgites and refractory melts in the Lewis Hills Massif, Bay of Islands ophiolite complex: the base-metals and precious-metals story. Canadian Mineralogist 28, 537-552.
  • Nova Scotia
    • Victoria Co.
[Platinum] Nova Scotia Mineral Occurrence Database and the primary references therein.
  • Ontario
    • Nipissing District
[Palladium] Moorhouse W. W. (1942) The Northeastern Portion of The Timagami Lake Area, Fifty - First Annual Report Of The Ontario Department Of Mines, ARV 51, Pt. 6, Pg 24.
    • Sudbury District
      • McKim Township
Krisztián Szentpéteri (2002) Cu-Ni-Platinum-Group Element Deposits, Copper Cliff North Area, Sudbury, Canada. Economic Geology 97:1459-1470
    • Thunder Bay District
      • Coldwell complex
[Palladium] Mcdonald, A.M., Cabri, L.J., Stanley, C.J., Good, D.J., Redpath, J., Lane, G., Spratt, J. & Ames, D.E. (2015) Coldwellite, Pd3Ag2S, a new mineral species from the Marathon deposit, Coldwell complex, Ontario, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist 53, 1-13.
  • Québec
    • Chaudière-Appalaches
      • Les Appalaches RCM
        • Thetford Mines
[Iridium] Corrivaux, L. & Laflamme, J.H. G. (1990) Minéralogie des éléments du group du platin dans les chromitites de l'ophiolite de Thetford Mines, Québec. Canadian Mineralogist 28, 579-595.
      • Robert-Cliche RCM
        • Beauceville
[Osmium] J.J. O'Neill and H.C. Gunning, Platinum and Allied Metal Deposits of Canada, Canada Department of Mines, 1934. (Pg. 55)
[Osmium] Traill, R. J. (1980) Catalog of Canadian Minerals: Revised 1980. Geological Survey of Canada Paper 80-18.
[Osmium] Traill, R. J. (1980) Catalog of Canadian Minerals: Revised 1980. Geological Survey of Canada Paper 80-18.
  • Yukon
    • Watson Lake mining district
[Iridium] Fedortchouk, Y., LeBarge, W., Barkov, A.Y., Fedele, L. and Bodnar, R.J., 2010. Major- and trace-element composition of platinum group minerals and their inclusions from several Yukon placers. In: Yukon Exploration and Geology 2009, K.E. MacFarlane, L.H. Weston and L.R. Blackburn (eds.), Yukon Geological Survey, p. 185-196.
    • Whitehorse mining district
      • Kluane District
[Platinum] Yana Fedortchouk, William LeBarge, Andrei Y. Barkov, Luca Fedele, Robert J. Bodnar, and Robert F. Martin (2010) Platinum-group minerals from a placer deposit in Burwash Creek, Kluane area, Yukon Territory, Canada. The Canadian Mineralogist (June 2010), 48(3):583-596
[Iridium] BARKOV, A.Y. & MARTIN, R.F. (2008) Grains of Pt-Fe alloy and inclusions in Pt-Fe alloy from Florence Creek, Yukon, Canada: Evidence for mobility of Os in a Na-H2O-Cl-rich fluid. Canadian Mineralogist 46, 343-360.
[Iridium] Barkov, A.Y., Laflamme, J.H.G., Cabri, L.J., and Martin, R.F. (2002) Platinum-group minerals from the Wellgreen Cu-Ni-PGE deposit, Yukon, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist: 40: 651-669.
China
 
  • Gansu
    • Jinchang
      • Jinchuan District
[Platinum] Enhuan Jia (1986): Mineral Deposits 5(1), 27-38; Economic Geology (1992) 87, 1475-1495; Gang Chai, Naldrett, A.J., Rucklidge, J.C., and Kilius, L.R. (1993): Canadian Mineralogist 31, 19-30; Wenfeng Zhu and Youbin Liang (2000): Geology and Prospecting 36(1), 26-28
  • Hebei
    • Chengde
      • Chengde Co.
        • Gaositai
[Platinum var: Ferroan Platinum] Bilun Luo (1979): Geology and Prospecting 15(3), 11-15; Zuxiang Au (1995): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 15(1), 1-4; Zuxiang Yu (1997): Acta Geologica Sinica 71(4), 486-490
[Platinum var: Ferroan Platinum] Zuxiang Yu (1995): Acta Geologica Sinica 69(3), 215-220; Zuxiang Yu (1997): Acta Geologica Sinica 71(4), 486-490
      • Fengning Co.
        • Boluonuo
[Platinum] Keqiao Chen, Huifang Yang, Letian Ma, and Zhizhong Peng (1981): Dizhi Pinglun 27, 107-115
      • Luan River valley (Luanhe valley)
[Osmium] Yu Zuxiang (1985): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 5(1), 6-9
[Platinum var: Ferroan Platinum] Yu Zuxiang (1998): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 18(2), 134-137
      • Luanping Co.
        • Tiema-Habaqin complex
[Platinum] Yu Zuxiang, Lin Shujen, Chao Pao, Fang Chingsung, and Huang Chishun (1974): Acta Geologica Sinica 48(2), 202-218
      • Xinglong Co.
[Platinum var: Ferroan Platinum] Yu Zuxiang (1981): Geological Review 27, 55-71.
      • Yan Mts (Yanshan Mts)
[Platinum] Yu, Z., Cheng, F., Ma, H. (2009): Lisiguangite, CuPtBiS3, a new platinum-group mineral from the Yanshan Mountains, Hebei, China. Acta Geologica Sinica, 83, 238-244.
    • Shijiazhuang
      • Lingshou Co.
        • Shihu-Tuling gold field
[Ruthenium] Peng Qiming and Xu Hong (1994): Chinese Journal of Geochemistry 13(1), 55-60.
    • Tangshan
      • Zunhua Co.
        • Malan river valley
[Platinum] Yu Zuxiang, Lin Shujen, Chao Pao, Fang Chingsung, and Huang Chishun (1974): Acta Geologica Sinica 48(2), 202-218; Yu Zuxiang (1981): Geological Review 27, 55-71.
  • Henan
    • Nanyang
      • Tongbai Co.
[Platinum] Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3 (1997)
  • Hunan
    • Huaihua
      • Yuanling Co.
        • Yuan river placers (Yuanjiang placers)
[Osmium] Chen Lichang, Tang Cuiqing, Zhang Jianhong, and Liu Zhenyun (1994): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 13(3), 232-238
  • Inner Mongolia
    • Hohhot League (Huhehaote Prefecture)
      • Wuchuan Co.
[Osmium] Chen Keqiao, Yang Huifang, Ma Letian, and Peng Zhizhong (1981): Dizhi Lunping [Geological Review] 27(2), 108-115.
  • Liaoning
    • Huludao
      • Suizhong Co.
[Ruthenium] Peng Qiming and Xu Hong (1994): Chinese Journal of Geochemistry 13(1), 55-60.
[Osmium] Dianhao Huang, Keqiao Chen, Chengyu Wu, and Shimei Yu (1995): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 15(3), 312-316
  • Sichuan
    • Garzê Autonomous Prefecture (Ganzi Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Danba Co.
        • Yangliuping Cu-Ni-PGE ore field
[Palladium] Xiaoqiang Hu, Yunquan Li, and Dequan Shuai (2001): Journal of Mineralogy and Petrology 21(1), 14-18
    • Liangshan
      • Huili Co.
[Platinum] Yao, Y., and Viljoen, M.J. (2003): Goldschmidt Conference Abstracts 2003, A560
    • Panzhihua
      • Eastern District
[Iridium]
      • Miyi Co.
[Platinum]
    • Ya'an
      • Shimian Co.
[Platinum] Yao, Y., and Viljoen, M.J. (2003): Goldschmidt Conference Abstracts 2003, A560
  • Tibet
    • Nagchu Prefecture (Naqu Prefecture)
      • Amdo Co. (Anduo Co.)
[Iridium] Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
        • Dongqiao ophiolite (Donqiao ophiolite)
[Iridium] Shi, R.D., Zhi, X.C., O'Reilly, S.Y., Griffin, W.L., Pearson, N.J., Bai, W.J., Fang, Q.S., Alard, O., and Zhang, M. (2006): Goldschmidt Conference Abstracts 2006, A 583.
    • Shannan Prefecture (Lhokha Prefecture; Lhoka Prefecture)
      • Nêdong Co. (Naidong Co.; Zedang Co.)
[Osmium] Guo, G., Yang, J., Robinson, P.T., Liu, X., Xu, X., Xiong, F. (2016): Platinum-group Mineral (PGM) and Base-metal Sulphide (BMS) Inclusions in Chromitites of the Zedang Ophiolite, Southern Tibet, China and their Petrogenetic Significance. Acta Geologica Sinica (English Edition): 90: 900–912; http://forum.amiminerals.it/viewtopic.php?f=5&t=12863 (2016)
      • Qusum Co. (Qusong Co.)
[Iridium] Wenji Bai, Jingsui Yang, Qingsong Fang, Binggan Yan, and Zhongming Zhang (2001): Earth Science Frontiers 8(3), 111-121
  • Xinjiang
    • Bayin'gholin Autonomous Prefecture (Bayingolin Autonomous Prefecture; Bayinguoleng Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Ruoqiang Co. (Qakilik Co.; Chaqiliq Co.)
[Platinum] Guofan Liu, Guangbin Zhu, Jinduo Chen, Zhenjun Yang, and Shuang Qin (2005): Geology and Resources 14(1), 28-32
    • Changji Autonomous Prefecture (Sanji Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Manasi Co. (Manas Co.)
[Osmium] Jianxun Bai (1987): Geology and Prospecting 23(12), 24-27
    • Yili Hasake Autonomous Prefecture (Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Aletai Prefecture (Altay Prefecture)
        • Fuyun Co. (Koktokay Co.)
[Palladium] Minqing Cheng, Yuchun Yang, Fuyi Jia, Qingshan Yang, Guifang Zhao, Cunchang Wang, and Sen Huang (1993): Geology and Prospecting 29(7), 35-39
  • Yunnan
    • Dali
      • Midu Co.
[Osmium] Min Liu (2002): Multipurpose Utilization of Mineral Resources 10(5), 28-32
    • Pu'er
      • Mojiang Co.
[Platinum var: Avaite] Yuan Li (1998): Geology and Prospecting 34(5), 28-32
Colombia
 
  • Cauca Department
    • Guapí Municipality
[Iridium] Min Mag (1997) 61:367-375
  • Chocó Department
    • Novita Municipality
[Platinum] Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 15, pp.59-69 (1977); Mitchell, G. E. (1923). Platinum. Scientific American, 128(6), 368-369.
    • Riosucio Municipality
[Iridium]
Costa Rica
 
  • Guanacaste Province
[Osmium] Federica Zaccarini, Ronald J. Bakker, Giorgio Garuti, Thomas Aiglsperger, Oskar A. R. Thalhammer, Lolita Campos, Joaquin A. Proenza, John F. Lewis (2010) Platinum group minerals in chromitite bodies of the Santa Elena Nappe, Costa Rica: mineralogical characterization by electron microprobe and Raman–spectroscopy. Boletín de la Sociedad Geológica Mexicana 62:161-171
Cuba
 
  • Holguín Province
    • Mayarí-Baracoa Belt
[Iridium] González-Jiménez, J. M., Proenza, J. A., Gervilla, F., Melgarejo, J. C., Blanco-Moreno, J. A., Ruiz-Sánchez, R., & Griffin, W. L. (2011). High-Cr and high-Al chromitites from the Sagua de Tánamo district, Mayarí-Cristal Ophiolitic Massif (eastern Cuba): constraints on their origin from mineralogy and geochemistry of chromian spinel and platinum-group elements. Lithos, 125(1), 101-121.
[Iridium] Gevilla, F., Proenza, J.A., Frei, R.,González-Jiménez, J.M., Garrido, C.J., Melgarejo, J.C., Meibom, A., Díaz-Martínez, R., Lavaut, W. (2005) Distribution of platinum-group elements and Os isotopes in chromite ores from Mayarí-Baracoa Ophiolitic Belt (eastern Cuba). Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 150:6, 589-607.
Czech Republic
 
  • Hradec Králové Region
    • Trutnov District
[Platinum var: Ferroan Platinum] Malec J, Bohmová V.: Minerály Pt-kovù na ložisku pyropu u obce Vestřev v Podkrkonoší. Zprávy o geologických výzkumech v roce 2011, Mineralogie, petrologie a geochemie, 185-188.
  • Liberec Region
    • Jablonec nad Nisou District
      • Jílové u Držkova
[Platinum] Mineralogy and geology prospecting, ČGO
Dominican Republic
 
  • Monseñor Nouel Province
    • Bonao
[Ruthenium] Zaccharini et al. (2009): Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen, 185, 335-349; Proenza, J. A., Zaccarini, F., Lewis, J. F., Longo, F., & Garuti, G. (2007). Chromian spinel composition and the platinum-group minerals of the PGE-rich Loma Peguera chromitites, Loma Caribe peridotite, Dominican Republic. The Canadian Mineralogist, 45(3), 631-648.; McDonald A M, Proenza J A, Zaccarini F, Rudashevsky N S, Cabri L J, Stanley C J, Rudashevsky V N, Melgarejo J C, Lewis J F, Longo F, Bakker R J (2010) Garutiite, (Ni,Fe,Ir), a new hexagonal polymorph of native Ni from Loma Peguera, Dominican Republic. European Journal of Mineralogy 22, 293-304
DR Congo
 
  • Haut-Katanga
    • Kambove District
      • Shinkolobwe
[Palladium] MinRec 20:287-288
  • Lualaba
    • Kolwezi mining district
      • Kolwezi
[Palladium] Wilson, W. E. (2018) The Musonoi mine, Kolwezi District, Lualaba Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo. Mineralogical Record 49:236-304
      • Mutoshi (Ruwe)
[Platinum] www.ulb.ac.be/sciences/katangapgm/CAP.pdf.
  • North Kivu
[Platinum var: Ferroan Platinum] Jedwab, J., Cervelle, B., Gouet, G., Hubaut, X., & Piret, P. (1992). The new platinum selenide luberoite Pt5Se4 from the Lubero region (Kivu Province, Zaire). European journal of mineralogy, 4(4), 683-692.
East Timor
[Platinum] Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific, Atlas of Mineral Resources of the ESCAP Region, Volume 17 Geology and Mineral Resources of Timor-Leste, UNITED NATIONS, New York, 2003
Ecuador
 
  • Esmeraldas Province
[Osmium] Weiser, T. and Schmidt-Thome, M. (1993) Platinum-group minerals from the Santiago river, Esmeraldas province, Ecuador. Canadian Mineralogist, 31, 61-73.
Ethiopia
 
  • Afar Region
    • Danakil depression
      • Erta Ale Volcano
[Platinum] Zelenski, M. E., Fischer, T. P., de Moor, J. M., Marty, B., Zimmermann, L., Ayalew, D., ... & Karandashev, V. K. (2013). Trace elements in the gas emissions from the Erta Ale volcano, Afar, Ethiopia. Chemical Geology, 357, 95-116.
  • Benishangul-Gumuz Region
    • Asosa region (Assosa region)
[Iridium] P.M. Kartashov data
  • Oromia Region
    • Gimbi
[Osmium] Econ Geol (1986) 81:1278-1285; Kebede H. Belete, Aberra Mogessie and , John F.W. Bowles Platinum-Group Minerals in the Alaskan Type Mafic-Ultramafic Intrusions of the Yubdo Area, Western Ethiopia. 9th Platinum symposium
[Osmium] C. J. Stanley et al.: Mineralogical Magazine 69(4):447-453 (2005)
[Osmium] Cabri, L. J., Criddle, A. J., Laflamme, J. H. G., Bearne, G. S., & Harris, D. C. (1981). Mineralogical study of complex Pt-Fe nuggets from Ethiopia. Bulletin de Mineralogie, 104(4), 508-525.
Finland
 
[Iridium] Törroos Ragnar, Johanson Bo, Kojonen Kar, 1998. Alluvial nuggets of platinum group minerals and alloys from Finnish Lapland. Geological survey of Finland, Special Paper
    • Enontekiö
      • Lemmenjoki
[Platinum] Kari Kojonen (2012) PGE ore potential in the southwestern granulite belt of Northern Finland. Geological Survey of Finland, Report of Investigation 207 pp 64-67
[Platinum] Tuisku, Pekka 2010. Heavy minerals from gold sluicing in Lapland Gold Rush area and their bearing on the origin of gold bearing tills. Res Terrae, Ser A, N:o 31. Proceedings of the Nordic Mineralogical Network V annual Meeting.
    • Inari
      • Ivalojoki
[Iridium] Mutanen, T.1980. GTK:n kallioperäosaston mineralogisen osaston röntgenajo 20539. Unpublished
    • Keminmaa
[Osmium] Stanislav S. Gornostayev, Kauko V.O. Laajoki & Ossi Leinonen (2000) The platinum-group minerals in the Kemi chromite deposit, Finland: a case study of the Elijärvi ore body. In Abstract volume and Field trip Guidebook, 2nd annual GEODE-Fennoscandian shield field workshop on Palaeoproterozoic and Archean greenstone belts and VMS districts in the Fennoscandian Shield (Vol. 28).
    • Sodankylä
[Platinum] Gervilla, F., Kojonen, K. and Merkle, R.K.W., 2005. Platinum-group minerals in the Proterozoic Keivitsa mafic-ultramafic intrusion, Sodankylä, northern Finland. Extended Abstract, 10th International Platinum Symposium, Abstract volume
France
 
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Ain
      • Lescheroux
[Iridium] Lorand, J.-P., Ducluzaux, B., & Pont, S. (2018). Une nouvelle découverte de pépites de minéraux du groupe du platine (platine, osmium, iridium) en France : les cailloutis et alluvions de la Reyssouze (Ain). Le Règne Minéral 143, 5-16.
      • Murs-et-Gélignieux
[Osmium] Ducluzaux, B. (2018). Conseils pour identifier et trouver du platine en France. Le Règne Minéral 143, 23-24.
  • Brittany
    • Morbihan
[Platinum] Lacroix, A. (1910): Minéralogie de la France et de ses colonies, Librairie Polytechnique, Ch. Béranger Editeur, Tome II, 428.
[Platinum] Les minéraux, leurs gisements, leurs associations par P. Bariand, F. Cesbron et J. Geffroy (1977), Editions minéraux et Fossiles, BRGM
  • New Caledonia
    • Northern Province
      • Koumac Commune
        • Tiébaghi Massif
[Iridium] Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
    • Southern Province
      • Pirogues River
[Iridium] Economic Geology: 89: 1454-1468; Auge, T., & Maurizot, P. (1995). Stratiform and alluvial platinum mineralization in New Caledonia ophiolite complex. The Canadian Mineralogist, 33(5), 1023-1045.
      • Yaté Commune
[Iridium] Auge, T., & Maurizot, P. (1995). Stratiform and alluvial platinum mineralization in New Caledonia ophiolite complex. The Canadian Mineralogist, 33(5), 1023-1045.
  • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
    • Bouches-du-Rhône
      • Aix-en-Provence
        • Peyrolles-en-Provence
[Iridium] Y. Moëlo : "Compte-rendu de la réunion "Systématique des Minéraux" du 23 novembre 1989", Bull. Soc. Franç. Minéral. ; 5th International Platinum Symposium Bulletin of The Geological Society of Finland Number 61, Part 1,1989,1-64
      • Port-Saint-Louis-du-Rhône
[Platinum] Ducluzaux, B. (2018). Conseils pour identifier et trouver du platine en France. Le Règne Minéral 143, 23-24.
Germany
 
  • Bavaria
    • Lower Bavaria
      • Straubing
[Platinum var: Ferroan Platinum] Morphogenetic studies of PGM grains in alluvial-fluvial placer deposits from the Bayerischer Wald, SE Germany: hollingworthite and ferroan platinum, Harald G.Dill, Berthold Weber, Gustav Steyer.
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Arnsberg
      • Olpe
[Platinum] Dr Yohachiro Okamoto collection (curated at the Geological Museum of the Geological Survey of Japan, specimen M7138 #528A.
Greece
 
  • Central Macedonia
    • Chalkidiki
      • Aristotelis
        • Cassandra Mines
Katie A. McFall, Jonathan Naden, Stephen Roberts, Tim Baker, John Spratt, Iain McDonald (2018): Platinum-group minerals in the Skouries Cu-Au (Pd, Pt, Te) porphyry deposit. Ore Geology Reviews 99, 344-364.
    • Kilkis
[Osmium] https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Anestis_Filippidis/publication/281551528_Chemical_X-ray_and_Mossbauer_investigation_of_a_turquoise_from_the_Vathi_area_volcanic_rocks_Macedonia_Greece/links/55ed72c708aeb6516268df0f/Chemical-X-ray-and-Mossbauer-investigation-of-a-turquoise-from-the-Vathi-area-volcanic-rocks-Macedonia-Greece.pdf?origin=publication_list Chemical, X-Ray and Mössbauer investigation of a turquoise from the Vathi area volcanic rocks, Macedonia, Greece. S. Sklavounos, T. Ericcson, A. Filippidis, K. Michailidis, C. Kougoulis
  • Epirus
    • Pindos Mtn
      • Pindos ophiolite complex
[Palladium] Argyrios Kapsiotis, Tassos A. Grammatikopoulos, Basilios Tsikouras and Konstantinos Hatzipanagiotou (2010): Platinum-Group Mineral Characterization in Concentrates from High-Grade PGE Al-rich Chromitites of Korydallos Area in the Pindos Ophiolite Complex (NW Greece). Resource Geology 60, 178-191.
[Osmium] Argirios Kapsiotis, Tassos A. Grammatikopoulos, Basilios Tsikouras, Konstantin Hatzipanagiotou, Federica Zaccarini und Giorgio Garuti (2011): Mineralogy, composition and PGM of chromitites from Pefki, Pindos ophiolite complex (NW Greece): evidence for progressively elevated fAs conditions in the upper mantle sequence. Mineralogy and Petrology 101, 129-150.
  • West Macedonia
    • Kozani and Grevena border area
      • Vourinos Mt ophiolite complex
[Iridium] Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Auge, T. (1985). Platinum-group-mineral inclusions in ophiolitic chromitite from the Vourinos Complex, Greece. The Canadian Mineralogist, 23(2), 163-171.
        • Pontini and Chromion area
[Iridium] Kapsiotis, A., Grammatikopoulos, T. A., Zaccarini, F., Tsikouras, B., Garuti, G., & Hatzipanagiotou, K. (2006). Platinum-group mineral characterisation in concentrates from low-grade PGE chromitites from the Vourinos ophiolite complex, northern Greece. Applied Earth Science: Transactions of the Institutions of Mining and Metallurgy: Section B, 115(2), 49-57.
[Iridium] Kapsiotis, A., Grammatikopoulos, T. A., Zaccarini, F., Tsikouras, B., Garuti, G., & Hatzipanagiotou, K. (2006). Platinum-group mineral characterisation in concentrates from low-grade PGE chromitites from the Vourinos ophiolite complex, northern Greece. Applied Earth Science: Transactions of the Institutions of Mining and Metallurgy: Section B, 115(2), 49-57.
[Osmium] Auge, T. (1985). Platinum-group-mineral inclusions in ophiolitic chromitite from the Vourinos Complex, Greece. The Canadian Mineralogist, 23(2), 163-171.
Guinea
 
  • Bafing river
[Platinum] Pavel Kartashov.
Honduras
 
  • Olancho Department
[Iridium] Bersani, D., Salvioli-Mariani, E., Mattioli, M., Menichetti, M., & Lottici, P. P. (2009). Raman and micro-thermometric investigation of the fluid inclusions in quartz in a gold-rich formation from Lepaguare mining district (Honduras, Central America). Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy, 73(3), 443-449.
[Platinum] Mattioli, M., Menichetti, M., Renzulli, A., Toscani, L., Salvioli-Mariani, E., Suarez, P., & Murroni, A. (2014). Genesis of the hydrothermal gold deposits in the Canan area, Lepaguare District, Honduras. International Journal of Earth Sciences, 103(3), 901-928.
India
 
  • Odisha
[Osmium] Canadian Mineralogist 40:277-309
    • Keonjhar District
[Osmium] Prichard, H. M., Mondal, S. K., Mukherjee, R., Fisher, P. C., & Giles, N. (2018). Geochemistry and mineralogy of Pd in the magnetitite layer within the upper gabbro of the Mesoarchean Nuasahi Massif (Orissa, India). Mineralium Deposita, 53(4), 547-564.
Indonesia
 
  • Kalimantan (Borneo)
    • South Kalimantan Province
      • Banjar
[Iridium] Coggon, J. (2010). Application of the 190Pt-186Os isotope decay system to dating platinum-group minerals (Doctoral dissertation, Durham University).
[Platinum] Stumpfl, E. F., & Tarkian, M. (1974). Vincentite, a new palladium mineral from south-east Borneo. Mineral Mag, 39, 525-527.; Tarkian, M., Klaska, K. H., & Stumpfl, E. F. (2002). New data on vincentite. The Canadian Mineralogist, 40(2), 457-461.
[Platinum] http://www.nalanda.nitc.ac.in/resources/english/etext-project/travel/borneo/chapter4.html
Iran
 
  • Kerman
    • Esfandagheh
[Osmium] Jannessary, M. R., Melcher, F., Lodziak, J., & Meisel, T. C. (2012). Review of platinum-group element distribution and mineralogy in chromitite ores from southern Iran. Ore Geology Reviews, 48, 278-305.
Ireland
 
  • Leinster
    • Co. Wicklow
      • Croghan Kinshela Mountain
[Platinum] Henwood, W.J. (1871) Transactions of the Royal Geological Society of Cornwall 8(1), 627-634.; Doughty, P.S., Clark, A.M. and Jones, G. C. (1982) Irish Naturalists J. 20, 490-491.; Ryback, G., Nawaz, R. and Farley, E. (1988) Seventh Supplementary List of British Isles Minerals (Irish). Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 52, n° 365, pp. 267-274.
Italy
 
  • Piedmont
    • Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province
      • Different Municipalities
[Platinum] AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work.
  • Sardinia
    • South Sardinia Province
      • Sarrabus-Gerrei
        • Sarrabus
          • Muravera
[Platinum] AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work.
Japan
 
  • Ehime
    • Ouzu City
      • Uchiko
[Iridium] Nishio-Hamane, D., Tanaka, T., Minakawa, T. (2018): Aurihydrargyrumite, a Natural Au6Hg5 Phase from Japan. Minerals, 8: 415
  • Hokkaidō
    • Kamikawa Subprefecture
[Osmium] www.mineralmundi.com
[Platinum var: Ferroan Platinum] Urashima, Y., & Wakabayashi, T. (1972). Mineral compositions of placer platinum from Teshio in Hokkaido, Japan(Quantitative analysis and identification of chemical properties of minerals in Japanese placer platinoids). Kagoshima Daigaku Rika Hokoku,(Kagoshima), (21), 119-135.
      • Uryu-gun
[Osmium] Masutomi Museum specimen (Kyoto)
[Iridium] Robert C. Smith, II, Ph.D., P.G.
[Osmium] Suzuki, J. (1953) Explanatory text of the geological map of Japan, scale 1:50,000: Fukagawa (Asahikawa-48) (Geological Survey of Japan).
    • Sorachi Subprefecture
      • Yubari District
[Osmium] Ryoichi SADANAGA and Michiaki BUNNO (1974) THE WAKABAYASHI MINERAL COLLECTION Bulletin No. 7 The University Museum, The University of Tokyo
    • Soya Subprefecture
      • Esashi-gun
[Osmium] Mitsubishi Corporation mineral collection, Ikuno
[Osmium] Ryoichi SADANAGA and Michiaki BUNNO (1974) THE WAKABAYASHI MINERAL COLLECTION Bulletin No. 7 The University Museum, The University of Tokyo
Madagascar
 
  • Alaotra-Mangoro
    • Anosibe An'ala
      • Tratramarina
[Platinum] Behier, J. (1963): Carte minéralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
  • Atsimo-Atsinanana
    • Vondrozo
[Platinum] Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
  • Atsinanana
    • Antanambao Manampotsy
      • Antanambao-Manampotsy area
[Platinum] Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Malaysia
 
  • Pahang
[Iridium] Khoon, S.Y. (1982) Osmiridium - a discovery in Cheroh, Pahang, Peninsular Malaysia - and its significance. Geological Society of Malaysia, Bulletin 15, 141-151.
Mexico
 
  • Guerrero
    • Atlixtac Municipality
      • Petatlán
[Ruthenium] González-Jiménez, J. M., Proenza, J. A., Martini, M., Camprubí, A., Griffin, W. L., O'Reilly, S. Y., & Pearson, N. J. (2015). Deposits associated with ultramafic–mafic complexes in Mexico: the Loma Baya case. Ore Geology Reviews.
  • Puebla
[Platinum] Zaccarini, F.; Proenza, J. A.; Ortega-Gutierrez, F. and Garuti, G. (2005).- Platinum group minerals in ophiolitic chromitites from Tehuitzingo (Acatlan complex, southern Mexico): implications for post-magmatic modification. Mineralogy and Petrology, 84. 147-168.
  • Yucatán
[Platinum] 2009 Portland GSA Annual Meeting (18-21 October 2009) Paper No. 26-11
Mongolia
 
  • Dzavhan Aimag (Zavkhan Aimag)
    • Khan-Taishirin-Ula range
[Ruthenium] http://www.dmitrenkogg.narod.ru/Mongoliy.htm
  • Uvs Aimag
[Platinum] Robin Grayson & Baatar Tumenbayar (2005) The role of placer mining companies in the State-sponsored gold rush in Mongolia. World Placer Journal volume 5 : December 2005
Morocco
 
  • Drâa-Tafilalet
    • Ouarzazate Province
      • Tazenakht
[Iridium] S. Weiß: Lapis 31(7/8), 72-73 (2006)
Myanmar
 
  • Kachin State
    • Myitkyina District
      • Uru River Valley
[Platinum] https://thediggings.com/mines/usgs10037834
  • Sagaing Region
    • Monywa District
[Osmium] Hagen, D., Weiser, Th., Htay, T. (1990): Platinum-group minerals in Quaternary gold placers in the upper Chindwin area of northern Burma. Mineral. Petrology: 42: 265 286; in: Jambor, J.L., Vanko, D.A. (1991): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 76:6 1438-1439
    • Yinmabin District
      • Kani Township
[Platinum var: Avaite] [Clark, 1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index"]
  • Shan State
[Platinum] Natural History Museum Vienna collection
New Zealand
 
  • Southland Region
    • Southland District
      • Catlins Coast
[Iridium] http://www.med.govt.nz/crown_minerals/minerals/docs/comreports/report05_pgm.pdf
[Platinum] OREPUKI SHALE AND MINERALS Otago Daily Times , Issue 14960, 10 October 1910, Page 2
[Iridium] 5th International Platinum Symposium Bulletin of The Geological Society of Finland Number 61, Part 1,1989,1-64
  • Tasman Region
    • Cobb Valley
[Platinum] www.med.govt.nz/crown_minerals/minerals/docs/comreports/report05_pgm.pdf.
    • Collingwood
[Iridium] www.med.govt.nz/crown_minerals/minerals/docs/comreports/report05_pgm.pdf.
    • St. Arnaud
[Platinum] www.med.govt.nz/crown_minerals/minerals/docs/comreports/report05_pgm.pdf.
  • Waikato Region
    • Thames-Coromandel District
[Iridium] Fraser, C. (1910) The Geology of the Thames Subdivision, Hauraki, Auckland. New Zealand Geological Survey, Bulletin No. 10 (New Series), New Zealand Government, Wellington, 136 pages.
[Iridium] Christie, T., Challis, A. (1994) Mineral Commodity Report 5 - Platinum group metals. Institute of Geological and Nuclear Sciences Ltd.
  • West Coast Region
    • Westland District
[Platinum] Farquharson, R.A. (1910) Art. XLII.—The Platinum Gravels of Orepuki. Transactions and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New Zealand, Vol. 43, 448-482.
Niger
 
  • Tillabéri
    • Makalondi
[Platinum] Machens, E. (1964): Mission de prospection générale du Liptako. Rapport de fin de mission 1958-1964 et inventaire des indices de minéralisation.- BRGM, rapport NIA 64 A6.
North Macedonia
 
  • Skopje
    • Saraj
      • Radusa (Radusha)
[Ruthenium] Augé, T., Morin, G., Bailly, L., & Serafimovsky, T. (2017). Platinum-group minerals and their host chromitites in Macedonian ophiolites. European Journal of Mineralogy, 29(4), 585-596.
Norway
 
  • Finnmark
    • Karasjok
[Platinum] Bjørlykke, H. (1966): De alluviale gullforekomster i indre Finnmark. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse 236, 66p [p.47-50]; Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p. 9.
    • Kautokeino
[Platinum] Dahll, T. (1891): Om fjeldbygningen i Finnmarken og guldets forekomst sammesteds. I. Det nordlige Norges geologi. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse. 4, 1-21; Reusch, H. (1903): Fra det indre af Finmarken. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse. Aarbog for 1903. 36, II, 1-64.
    • Porsanger
[Palladium] Nilsson, L. P. & Larsen, R. B. (1998): Edle mineraler i mafiske og ultramafiske bergarter- en oppsummering av platina-gruppe mineraler (PGM) funnet i Norge i de senere år. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift 14: 40-49
  • Sogn og Fjordane
    • Vik
[Osmium] Nilsson, L. P. & Larsen, R. B. (1998): Edle mineraler i mafiske og ultramafiske bergarter- en oppsummering av platina-gruppe mineraler (PGM) funnet i Norge i de senere år. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift 14: 40-49
  • Trøndelag
    • Leka
[Osmium] Nilsson, L. P. & Larsen, R. B. (1998): Edle mineraler i mafiske og ultramafiske bergarter- en oppsummering av platina-gruppe mineraler (PGM) funnet i Norge i de senere år. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift 14: 40-49; Econ Geol (1993) 88:782-803
    • Røros
[Iridium] Nilson, L. P. (1990): Platinum-group mineral inclusions in chromitite from the Osthammeren ultramafic tectonite body, South Central Norway. Mineralogy and Petrology 42: 249-263
Oman
 
  • Al Buraymi
    • Northern Oman Ophiolite
[Iridium] Ahmed, A. H., & Arai, S. (2003). Platinum-group minerals in podiform chromitites of the Oman ophiolite. The Canadian Mineralogist, 41(3), 597-616.
Pacific Ocean
 
[Palladium] Astakhova, N. V. (2008, October). Noble, rare-earth, and nonferrous metals in ferromanganese crusts from submarine volcanoes of the Sea of Japan. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 422, No. 1, pp. 1161-1166). SP MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica.
[Palladium] Astakhova, N. V. (2008, October). Noble, rare-earth, and nonferrous metals in ferromanganese crusts from submarine volcanoes of the Sea of Japan. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 422, No. 1, pp. 1161-1166). SP MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica.
Papua New Guinea
 
  • Central Province
    • Port Moresby area
[Osmium] http://www.minport.com/showmrds-M045032.html
  • Enga Province
[Osmium] Mineralogy and Petrology 68:159-176 (2000).
  • Milne Bay Province
    • D'Entrecasteaux Islands
[Platinum] Davies, H.L. Normanby Island, T.P.N.G. - Reconnaissance Geology, Records 1967/50.
[Platinum] http://www.minport.com/showmrds-M046884.html
  • Northern Province (Oro Province)
[Platinum var: Ferroan Platinum] [AmMin 85:1325]
Philippines
 
  • Luzon
    • Central Luzon Region
      • Zambales Province
        • Santa Cruz
[Platinum] South-East Asian Oil, Gas, Coal, and Mineral Deposits, C. Hutchison,1996
  • Mindanao
    • Southern Mindanao Region
      • Davao del Sur Province
[Iridium] Shaofeng Huang (2011): Geology and Exploration 47(5), 935-942
  • Visayas
    • Eastern Visayas Region
      • Samar Island
[Iridium] Oberthür, T., Melcher, F., & Weiser, T. W. (2017). Detrital Platinum-Group Minerals and Gold In Placers of Southeastern Samar Island, Philippines. The Canadian Mineralogist, 55(1), 45-62.
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesian Voivodeship
    • Głogów Co.
[Palladium] Jadwiga PIECZONKA, Adam PIESTRZYŃSKI, Jacek MUCHA, Adam GŁUSZEK, Maciej KOTARBA, Dariusz WIĘCŁAW (2008): The red-bed-type precious metal deposit in the Sieroszowice-Polkowice copper mining district, SW Poland. Annales Societatis Geologorum Poloniae 78, 151-280.
[Palladium] Piestrzyński, A., & Pieczonka, J. (2012). Low temperature ore minerals associations in the Kupferschiefer type deposit, Lubin–Sieroszowice mining district, SW Poland. Мінералогічний збірник, (2), 59-66.
[Palladium] Kucha H., Plimer I.R., Stumpfl E. F. 1998: Geochemistry and mineralogy of gold and PGE's in mesothermal and epithermal deposits and their bearing on the metal recovery. Fizykochemiczne Problemy Metalurgii, 32, 7-30
[Palladium] Kucha H. 2007: Mineralogia kruszcowa i geochemia ciała rudnego złoża Lubin-Sieroszowice. Biuletyn PIG, vol. 423, pp. 77-94
    • Ząbkowice Śląskie Co.
      • Gmina Ząbkowice Śląskie
[Palladium] Sachanbiński et al. 2000: Heavy minerals in the serpentinite weathering cover of the Szklary massif. Geologia Sudetica, vol. 33, pp. 131-141.
Portugal
 
  • Bragança
    • Bragança
      • Carrazedo
[Platinum] LNEG - Laboratório Nacional de Energia e Geologia, Siorminp ID 248Cr
[Platinum] LNEG - Laboratório Nacional de Energia e Geologia, Siorminp ID 249Cr
      • Castrelos
[Platinum] LNEG - Laboratório Nacional de Energia e Geologia, Siorminp ID 74Cr
      • Gostei
[Platinum] LNEG - Laboratório Nacional de Energia e Geologia, Siorminp ID 250Cr
      • Samil
[Platinum] LNEG - Laboratório Nacional de Energia e Geologia, Siorminp ID 259Cr
[Platinum] LNEG - Laboratório Nacional de Energia e Geologia, Siorminp ID 257Cr
[Platinum] LNEG - Laboratório Nacional de Energia e Geologia, Siorminp ID 307Cr
[Platinum] LNEG - Laboratório Nacional de Energia e Geologia, Siorminp ID 256Cr
    • Vinhais
      • Vila Boa de Ousilhão
[Platinum] LNEG - Laboratório Nacional de Energia e Geologia, Siorminp ID 245Cr
      • Vila Verde
[Platinum] LNEG - Laboratório Nacional de Energia e Geologia, Siorminp ID 73Cr
[Platinum] LNEG - Laboratório Nacional de Energia e Geologia, Siorminp ID 73Cr
Romania
 
  • Alba
    • Pianu Commune
[Platinum] Udubaşa G., Pop D., Costea C. (2004) Native platinum at Pianu, Sebeş County, Romania. Romanian Journal of Mineral Deposits 81:192-194
Russia
 
  • Amur Oblast
[Platinum var: Ferroan Platinum] Mel’nikov, A. V., Moiseenko, V. G., Stepanov, V. A., & Yusupov, D. V. (2012, January). New data on platinum-metal mineralization of mafic-ultramafic massifs in the Dambuki ore district (Far East, Russia). In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 442, No. 1, pp. 13-16). MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica.
  • Bashkortostan
    • Uchalinsky District
[Platinum var: Ferroan Platinum] Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data 2018
  • Chelyabinsk Oblast
[Iridium] analysed by EDS, grain not showing any hexagonal outlook in the SEM; Franz Neuhold
[Platinum var: Ferroan Platinum] Zaykov, V. V., Melekestseva, I. Y., Zaykova, E. V., Kotlyarov, V. A., & Kraynev, Y. D. (2017). Gold and platinum group minerals in placers of the South Urals: Composition, microinclusions of ore minerals and primary sources. Ore Geology Reviews, 85, 299-320.
[Platinum var: Ferroan Platinum] Zaykov, V. V., Melekestseva, I. Y., Zaykova, E. V., Kotlyarov, V. A., & Kraynev, Y. D. (2017). Gold and platinum group minerals in placers of the South Urals: Composition, microinclusions of ore minerals and primary sources. Ore Geology Reviews, 85, 299-320.
    • Verkhny Ufaley
      • Ufaley District (Ufalei District)
[Palladium] Talovina, I.V., Lazarenkov, V.G., and Vorontsova, N.I. (2003): Lithology and Mineral Resources 38(5), 403-415.
  • Chukotka Autonomous Okrug
    • Kolyma area
      • Bol'shoi Anyui River Basin
        • Baimka River
          • Aluchinskii Massif (Aluchin horst)
[Iridium] Gornostayev, S.S., Crocket, J.H., Mochalov, A.G., and Lajoki, K.V.O. (1999) The platinum-group minerals of the Baimka placer deposits, Aluchin horst, Russian Far East. Canadian Mineralogist: 37: 1117-1129.
    • Pekul'ney Range (Pekul'nei Range)
      • Northern Pekul'ney River (Northern Pekul'nei River; Northern Pekul'neyveem River)
[Iridium] Pekov, I.V. (1998) Minerals first discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union. Ocean Picture, Moscow, 369 pp.
  • Irkutsk Oblast
    • Bodaibo
      • Lena Gold District
        • Kropotkinsky ore cluster
[Platinum] Keren Tan (1998): Gold Science and Technology 6(4), 29-37; Distler, V.V., Yudovskaya, M.A., Razvozhaeva, E.A., et al. (2003): Geochimiya 393(4), 524-527; Distler, V. V., Mitrofanov, G. L., Yudovskaya, M. A., Lishnevsky, E. N., & Prokof’ev, V. Y. (2005). Deep structure and ore-forming processes of the Sukhoi Log gold-platinum deposit, Russia. In Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge (pp. 921-923). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.
    • Uda–Biryusa district
[Ruthenium] Podlipsky, M. Y., Mekhonoshin, A. S., Tolstykh, N. D., Vishnevskiy, A. V., & Polyakov, G. V. (2015). Mineralogy and geochemistry of the Tartai massif, East Siberian metallogenic province. Geology of Ore Deposits, 57(3), 172-196.
  • Kamchatka Krai
    • Korf
[Platinum] Kozlov, A. P., Chanturiya, V. A., Sidorov, E. G., Tolstykh, N. D., & Telegin, Y. M. (2011). Large-volume platinum ore deposits in zonal mafic-ultramafic complexes of the Ural-Alaskan type and the outlook for their development. Geology of ore deposits, 53(5), 374.
    • Koryak Mts
[Iridium]
    • Koryak Upland (Koriak; Koriakskhiye)
[Platinum] Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data
      • Ust'-Bel'skii ultrabasic Massif
[Iridium] SEM by Excalibur Mineral Co.
[Osmium] Подлипский, М. Ю., Сидоров, Е. Г., Толстых, Н. Д., & Кривенко, А. П. (1999). Кобальтсодержащий маланит и другие тиошпинели платины из россыпных проявлений реки Майор (Камчатка). Геология и геофизика, 40(4), 645-648.
[Iridium] Sidorov, E. G., Tolstykh, N. D., Podlipsky, M. Y., & Pakhomov, I. O. (2004). Placer PGE minerals from the Filippa clinopyroxenite-dunite massif (Kamchatka). Geologiya i Geofizika (Russian Geology and Geophysics), 45(9), 1128-1144.
[Platinum var: Ferroan Platinum] Kutyrev, A. V., Sidorov, E. G., Antonov, A. V., & Chubarov, V. M. (2018). Platinum-group mineral assemblage of the Prizhimny Creek (Koryak Highland). Russian Geology and Geophysics, 59(8), 935-944.
[Iridium] Tolstykh, N., Sidorov, E., & Kozlov, A. (2009). Platinum-group Minerals from the Olkhovaya–1 Placers Related to the Karaginsky Ophiolite Complex, Kamchatskiy Mys Peninsula, Russia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 47(5), 1057-1074.
[Iridium] [Canadian Mineralogist 38 p1251-1264 "The association of platinum-group minerals in placers of the Pustaya River, Kamchatka, Russia"]
[Platinum] No reference listed
  • Kemerovo Oblast
[Iridium] Nesterenko, G. V., Zhmodik, S. M., Airiyants, E. V., Belyanin, D. K., Kolpakov, V. V., & Bogush, A. A. (2017). Colloform high-purity platinum from the placer deposit of Koura River (Gornaya Shoriya, Russia). Ore Geology Reviews, 91, 236-245.
  • Khabarovsk Krai
    • Ayan-Maya district
      • Aldan shield
[Osmium] [MinRec 31:201]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
[Iridium] Cabri, L.J., Laflamme, H.H. Giles, (1997), Platinum Group Minerals from the Konder Massif, Russian Far East, Min Rec. 28, 97-106
  • Komi Republic
    • Kozhim River Basin
      • Maldynyrd range (Maldy-nyrd range)
[Palladium] P.M. Kartashov data
[Iridium] www.cosis.net/abstracts/EAE03/14099/EAE03-A-14099.pdf.
    • Maimecha and Kotui Rivers Basin
[Platinum var: Ferroan Platinum] Malitch K.N., Badanina I.Yu., Goncharov M.M., Lopatin G.G. (2001) Platinum-group minerals (PGMs) of the Bor-Uryakh massif (Maimecha-Kotui Province). Abstracts of XXVII International conference School «Geochemistry of Alkaline rocks». – Moscow-Koktebel’. pp. 240 pp.; Badanina, I. Y., & Malitch, K. N. (2011). Origin of platinum-group mineral (PGM) nuggets from the Bor-Uryakh massif (Maimecha-Kotui Province, Russia): evidence from mineral composition. Geophysical Research Abstracts Vol. 13, EGU2011-7934
[Osmium] Pavel M. Kartashov data; Malitch, K. N., Sorokhtina, N. V., Badanina, I. Y., & Kononkova, N. N. (2013) Parent sources of noble-metal placers of the Guli Massif (Polar Siberia): New mineralogical data. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 451, No. 1, p. 743). Springer Science & Business Media.
[Osmium] Merkle, R. K., Malitch, K. N., Gräser, P. P., & Badanina, I. Y. (2012). Native osmium from the Guli Massif, Northern Siberia, Russia. Mineralogy and Petrology, 104(1-2), 115-127.
[Osmium] Merkle, R. K., Malitch, K. N., Gräser, P. P., & Badanina, I. Y. (2012). Native osmium from the Guli Massif, Northern Siberia, Russia. Mineralogy and Petrology, 104(1-2), 115-127.
    • Taymyrskiy Autonomous Okrug
      • Taimyr Peninsula
        • Putoran Plateau
[Palladium] (2014) 12th International Platinum Symposium p320; Spiridonov, E. M., E. A. Kulagov, A. A. Serova, I. M. Kulikova, N. N. Korotaeva, E. V. Sereda, I. N. Tushentsova, S. N. Belyakov, and N. N. Zhukov. "Genetic Pd, Pt, Au, Ag, and Rh mineralogy in Noril’sk sulfide ores." Geology of Ore Deposits 57, no. 5 (2015): 402-432.
[Palladium] Krivolutskaya et al. (2011): Mineralogy, geochemistry and stratigraphy of the Maslovsky Pt–Cu–Ni sulfide deposit, Noril’sk Region, Russia: implications for relationship of ore-bearing intrusions and lavas. Mineralium Deposita 47, 69-88.
            • Talnakh Cu-Ni Deposit
[Palladium]
    • Yermakovsky District
[Osmium] Barkov, A. Y., Tolstykh, N. D., Shvedov, G. I., & Martin, R. F. (2018). Ophiolite-related associations of platinum-group minerals at Rudnaya, western Sayans, and Miass, southern Urals, Russia. Mineralogical Magazine, 1-32.
  • Murmansk Oblast
    • Fedorovo-Pansky massif (Pana layered complex)
[Palladium] 33rd International Geological Congress (2008) session MPM-04 Platinum-group mineralogy: Platinum-group minerals in the PGE deposit of the Fedorovo-Pansky layered intrusion, Kola Peninsula
    • Monche-Tundra
      • Monche tundra intrusion
[Palladium] Chashchin, V. V., Petrov, S. V., & Drogobuzhskaya, S. V. (2018). Loypishnyun Low-Sulfide Pt–Pd Deposit of the Monchetundra Basic Massif, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Geology of Ore Deposits, 60(5), 418-448.
[Osmium] Yury L. Voytekhovsky, Yury N. Neradovsky (2008) The Cu-Ni-PGE and Cr deposits of the Monchegorsk area, the Kola Peninsula, Russia. 33 IGC excursion No 48, August 15 – 21, 2008
[Iridium] Neradovsky, Y.N., and Savchenko, E.E. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 746-748.
[Iridium] Barkov, Andrei Y.; Nikiforov, Andrey A.; Tolstykh, Nadezhda D.; Shvedov, Gennadiy I.; Korolyuk, Vladimir N. (2017): Compounds of Ru-​Se-​S, alloys of Os-​Ir, framboidal Ru nanophases, and laurite-​clinochlore intergrowths in the Pados-​Tundra complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia. European Journal of Mineralogy, 29, 613-621.
  • Primorsky Krai
    • Dalnegorsk Urban District
[Osmium] ROGULINA, L., MAKEEVA, T., PISKUNOV, Y. G., & SVESHNIKOVA, O. (2004). Первая находка платиноидов в рудах Майского золото-серебряного месторождения (Дальнегорск, Приморье).
    • Khanka Lake
[Platinum] V.V. Seredin data
[Iridium] Shcheka G.G., Vrzhosek A.A., Lehmann B., Tolstykh N.D. (2004) Associations of platinum-group minerals from the Zolotaya gold placiers, Primorye, Russian Far East, - Canadian Mineralogist, v.42, pp. 583-599.
    • Khankay massif - Khasan-Grodekov through area
[Iridium] Shcheka, S.A., Vrzhosek, A.A., Sapin, V.I., Kiryukhina, N.I. (1991): Transformations of platinum-group minerals from Primor'ye placers. Mineral. Zhurnal: 13(1): 3l-40 (in Russian); in: Jambor, J.L., Grew, E.S. (1993): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 78: 233
    • Ol’ga ore district
[Palladium] Kazachenko, V. T., Miroshnichenko, N. V., Perevoznikova, E. V., & Karabtsov, A. A. (2008, August). Noble metal minerals in metalliferous sediments of the Triassic-Jurassic carbonaceous sequence in Sikhote Alin. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 421, No. 2, pp. 919-922). MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica.
  • Republic of Karelia
    • Ladoga Region
      • Pitkyaranta District (Pitkäranta District)
[Iridium] V. I. Ivashchenko, O. B. Lavrov, K. Sundblad and A. N. Toritsin (2007) Au-Ag-Bi-Te-Se vein mineralization at Roikonkoski, Karelia, northern Lake Ladoga region. Geological Survey of Finland, Guide 53 pp 51-56
    • Lake Onega
[Platinum] Grokhovskaya, T. L., Lapina, M. I., Ganin, V. A., & Grinevich, N. G. (2005). PGE mineralization in the Burakovsk Layered Complex, Southern Karelia, Russia. Geology of Ore Deposits C/C of Geologiia Rudnykh Mestorozhdenii, 47(4), 283.
[Platinum] Grishaenko, M. V. P., & Federation, R. (2007). Independent Report on the Shalozerskoe (Burakovsky), Lukkulaisvaara and Tsipringa Platinum, Palladium, Copper, Nickel Deposits in the Autonomous Republic of Karelia Russian Federation
  • Sakha Republic (Yakutia)
[Osmium] [World of Stones 12:49]
      • Aldan
[Iridium] Okrugin, A. V. (1998). Mineralogy, Types, and Origin of the Platinum-Bearing Placer Deposits of the Siberian Platform. International geology review, 40(8), 677-687.; Okrugin, A. V. (2011). Origin of platinum-group minerals in mafic and ultramafic rocks: from dispersed elements to nuggets. The Canadian Mineralogist, 49(6), 1397-1412.
[Platinum] A.Ya. Kochetkov (2006) Mesozoic Gold-Bearing Ore-Magmatic Systems Of Central Aldan. Russian Geology and Geophysics 47:850-864
[Platinum var: Ferroan Platinum] Shcheka, G.G., Solianik, A.N., Lehmann, B., Bieniok, A., Amthauer, G., Topa, D., Laflamme, J.H.G. (2004): Euhedral crystals of ferroan platinum, cooperite and mertieite-II from alluvial sediments of the Darya river, Aldan Shield, Russia.Mineralogical Magazine 68 (6): 871-885.
    • Anabar River basin
[Platinum var: Ferroan Platinum] Airiyants, E. V., Zhmodik, S. M., Ivanov, P. O., Belyanin, D. K., & Agafonov, L. V. (2014). Mineral inclusions in Fe-Pt solid solution from the alluvial ore occurrences of the Anabar basin (northeastern Siberian Platform). Russian Geology and Geophysics, 55(8), 945-958.
    • Mirninsky District
[Platinum] P.M. Kartashov data
  • Sakhalin Oblast
    • Kuril Islands (Kurile Islands)
      • Iturup Island
[Platinum] 33rd International Geological Congress (2008) session MPM-04 Platinum-group mineralogy: Self-aggregation of platinum group mineral phases and their genetic significance
  • Sayan Mountains
[Osmium] Kiseleva, O. N., Zhmodik, S. M., Damdinov, B. B., Agafonov, L. V., & Belyanin, D. K. (2014). Composition and evolution of PGE mineralization in chromite ores from the Il’chir ophiolite complex (Ospa–Kitoi and Khara-Nur areas, East Sayan). Russian Geology and Geophysics, 55(2), 259-272.
[Palladium] Volokhin, Yu.G., Karabtsov, A.A. (2016): Minerals in the Triassic Carbonaceous Silicites of Sikhote Alin. Lithology and Mineral Resources: 51: 405-424
  • Sverdlovsk Oblast
    • Ivdel
[Platinum] Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data of 2017
[Iridium] Gregor Borg et al (2001) Deep Exhumation and Tectonic Emplacement of the Nishni Tagil Ultramafic Complex and its Platinum Ores, Urals, Russia in (2001) European Union of Geosciences Conference XI (OS6)
[Platinum] Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data, 2018
        • Aktai River
[Ruthenium] Jedwab J.(1990) Native ruthenium in tantalum carbide concentrates from the Ural mountains, USSR, - Miner. and Petrol., v.43, N2, pp. 137-146.
[Iridium] Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
[Iridium] Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data
[Osmium]
[Platinum] Mineralogy of Ural. Native elements, carbides, sulphides. - edited by N.P. Yushkin, Sverdlovsk, 1990, p. 23 (in Rus.); Kozlov, A. P., Chanturiya, V. A., Sidorov, E. G., Tolstykh, N. D., & Telegin, Y. M. (2011). Large-volume platinum ore deposits in zonal mafic-ultramafic complexes of the Ural-Alaskan type and the outlook for their development. Geology of ore deposits, 53(5), 374.
    • Nizhnyaya Tura
[Platinum var: Ferroan Platinum] Generalov M.E., Naumov V.A., Mokhov A.V., Trubkin N.V. (1998) Isovite (Cr,Fe)23C6 - a new mineral from the gold-platinum -bearing placiers of the Urals, - Zapiski VMO, 127(5), pp. 26-37 (in Russian).
[Platinum] Stepanov, S. Y., Palamarchuk, R. S., Kozlov, A. V., Khanin, D. A., Varlamov, D. A., & Kiseleva, D. V. (2019). Platinum-Group Minerals of Pt-Placer Deposits Associated with the Svetloborsky Ural-Alaskan Type Massif, Middle Urals, Russia. Minerals, 9(2), 77.
    • Novolyalinsky District
[Osmium] Garuti, G., Pushkarev, E.V., and Zaccarini, F. (2002) Composition and paragenesis of Pt alloys from chromitites of the Uralian-Alaskan-type Kytlym and Uktus complexes, northern and central Urals, Russia. Canadian Mineralogist: 40: 1127-1146.
    • Prigorodny District
      • Soloveva Mountain
[Iridium] Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
[Iridium] Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data, 2018
    • Yekaterinburg
[Iridium] Zaccarini, F., Pushkarev, E., & Garuti, G. (2008). Platinum-group element mineralogy and geochemistry of chromitite of the Kluchevskoy ophiolite complex, central Urals (Russia). Ore Geology Reviews, 33(1), 20-30.
[Iridium] 9th International platinum symposium Chromite-PGE mineralization in the Uktus Alaskan-Type Complex (Central Urals,); (2014) 12th International Platinum Symposium p283; Zaccarini, F., Pushkarev, E., Garuti, G., Krause, J., Dvornik, G. P., Stanley, C., & Bindi, L. (2013). Platinum-group minerals (PGM) nuggets from alluvial-eluvial placer deposits in the concentrically zoned mafic-ultramafic Uktus complex (Central Urals, Russia). European Journal of Mineralogy, 25(4), 519-531.
  • Tuva
    • Eastern Sayan
      • Lysanskiy dunite-peridotite-gabbro complex
[Iridium] Barkov, A., Shvedov, G., & Martin, R. (2018). PGE–(REE–Ti)-rich micrometer-sized inclusions, mineral associations, compositional variations, and a potential lode source of platinum-group minerals in the Sisim Placer Zone, Eastern Sayans, Russia. Minerals, 8(5), 181.
  • Tyumen Oblast
[Osmium] Seltmann, R., Soloviev, S., Shatov, V., Pirajno, F., Naumov, E., & Cherkasov, S. (2010). Metallogeny of Siberia: tectonic, geologic and metallogenic settings of selected significant deposits*. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 57(6), 655-706
[Iridium var: Aurosmiridium] Heys Mineral Index 3rd ed.
  • Urals Region
    • Subarctic Urals
[Osmium] M.I. Novgorodova e.a. (1995) A native wolfram with inclusions of yttrium oxide from an alluvium of Bol’shaja Pol’ja river (Prepolar Ural)” - Doklady RAN, 340, N5, pp. 681-684 (in Rus.).; Mills, S. J., Kartashov, P. M., Ma, C., Rossman, G. R., Novgorodova, M. I., Kampf, A. R., & Raudsepp, M. (2011). Yttriaite-(Y): The natural occurrence of Y2O3 from the Bol’shaya Pol’ya River, Subpolar Urals, Russia. American Mineralogist, 96(7), 1166-1170.
  • Zabaykalsky Krai
    • Buriatia Republic (Buryatia)
[Platinum] Spiridonov, E. M., Ariskin, A. A., Kislov, E. V., Korotaeva, N. N., Nikolaev, G. S., Pshenitsyn, I. V., & Yapaskurt, V. O. (2018). Laurite and Ir-osmium from plagioclase lherzolite of the Yoko–Dovyren mafic–ultramafic pluton, Northern Baikal Region. Geology of Ore Deposits, 60(3), 210-219.
      • Dovyren Highlands
[Platinum] Ariskin, A. A., Spiridonov, E. M., Nikolaev, G. S., Danyushevsky, L. V., Fiorentini, M. L., Kislov, E. V., & Pshenitsyn, I. V. (2017). Sulphide Controlled Fractionation of PGE at Post-cumulus Crystallization of Primitive Olivine Cumulate Piles from the Yoko-dovyren Layered Intrusion. In Magmatism of the Earth and related strategic metal deposits (pp. 12-14).
    • Chitinskaya Oblast
      • Kodar–Udokan district
        • Udokan
[Palladium] Gongalsky, B. I., Safonov, Y. G., Krivolutskaya, N. A., Prokof’ev, V. Y., & Yushin, A. A. (2007) A new type of gold-platinum-copper mineralization in northern Transbaikalia. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 415, No. 1, pp. 671-674). Nauka/Interperiodica.
Sierra Leone
 
  • Western Area
[Platinum] Economic Geology (1986) 81:1278-1285.
[Osmium] Bowles, J. F., Suárez, S., Prichard, H. M., & Fisher, P. C. (2018). The mineralogy, geochemistry and genesis of the alluvial platinum-group minerals of the Freetown Layered Complex, Sierra Leone. Mineralogical Magazine, 1-30.
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
[Platinum] Ďuďa R.,Kotuľak P., Káňa R., 1993: Bergbau und Mineralien von Banská Štiavnica (Schemnitz), Slowakei. Emser Hefte, 14, 3, 1-70, Haltern
  • Košice Region
    • Košice Co.
      • Jasov (Jossau; Joss)
[Iridium] Radvanec, M., & Uher, P. (2016). Platinum-group minerals in metapyroxenite from Jasov, Meliatic Unit, Slovakia. Acta Geol. Slov., 8, 2, 195, 201.
South Africa
 
[Platinum var: Ferroan Platinum] www.bgr.de/b423/oberthuer_ptconf_pgm_bushveld.pdf.; www.cosis.net/abstracts/EAE03/11407/EAE03-A-11407.pdf.
  • Free State
    • Lejweleputswa District
[Iridium] Econ Geol (1989) 84:1651-1655
      • Welkom
[Iridium] Econ Geol (1989) 84:1651-1655
[Iridium] Econ Geol (1989) 84:1651-1655
  • Limpopo
    • Burgersfort
      • Sekhukhuneland
[Osmium] Melcher, F., & Lodziak, J. (2007). Platinum-group minerals of concentrates from the Driekop platinum pipe, Eastern Bushveld Complex Tribute to Eugen F. Stumpfl. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie-Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry, 183(2), 173-195.
[Platinum] The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 43, pp. 1711-1734 (2005)
    • Merensky Reef
[Platinum] Minerals of South Africa
    • Sekhukhune District
[Platinum var: Ferroan Platinum] McCall, M. J. (2016). Mineralogical and geochemical variations in the UG2 reef at Booysendal and Zondereinde mines, with implications for beneficiation of PGM (Doctoral dissertation, Stellenbosch: Stellenbosch University).
[Platinum] http://www.angloplatinum.com/business/operations/mototolo_mine.asp
[Platinum] http://www.angloamerican.com/about-us/where-we-operate#/operations/iron-copper-nickel-platinum
    • Waterberg District
      • Mogalakwena
        • Mokopane (Potgietersrus)
[Platinum var: Ferroan Platinum] Ramakoloi N, Viljoen F (2014) Mineral chemistry of PGE-bismuthotellurides in the Platreef, Akanani Prospect, Lonmin plcl. 21 st meeting of the International Mineralogical Association. p 106
[Platinum] Ramdohr, Paul, 1969, The Ore Minerals and their Intergrowths, Pergamon Press, p. 414.
[Platinum] http://www.angloplatinum.com/pdf/mogalakwena_resettlement_update_november_2009.pdf
[Platinum] Wilson, W. E. (2010): Sperrylite from the Tweefontein Farm, Limpopo Province, South Africa. Mineralogical Record. 41, 147-155
      • Naboomspruit (Mookgophong)
[Platinum] www.fc.up.pt/geo/ecrofi/377.PDF.; McDonald, I., Vaughan, D. J., & Tredoux, M. (1995). Platinum mineralization in quartz veins near Naboomspruit, central Transvaal. S. Afr. J. Geol, 98, 168-175.; McDonald, I., Ohnenstetter, D., Rowe, J. P., Tredoux, M., Pattrick, R. A. D., & Vaughan, D. J. (1999). Platinum precipitation in the Waterberg deposit, Naboomspruit, South Africa. South African Journal of Geology, 102, 184-191.; Oberthür, T., Melcher, F., Fusswinkel, T., van den Kerkhof, A. M., & Sosa, G. M. (2018). The hydrothermal Waterberg platinum deposit, Mookgophong (Naboomspruit), South Africa. Part 1: Geochemistry and ore mineralogy. Mineralogical Magazine, 82(3), 725-749.
      • Thabazimbi
[Platinum] Platinum mine
  • Mpumalanga
    • Ehlanzeni District
      • Barberton
        • Bon Accord
[Ruthenium] Zaccarini, F., Tredoux, M., Miller, D. E., Garuti, G., Aiglsperger, T., & Proenza, J. A. (2014). The occurrence of platinum-group element and gold minerals in the Bon Accord Ni-oxide body, South Africa. American Mineralogist, 99(8-9), 1774-1782.
[Iridium] US Geological Survey Professional Paper, Volume 1161 pM20
    • Lydenburg
[Platinum] PMPB Meulenbeld collection Photo ID: 951390
[Platinum] Minerals of South Africa
[Platinum var: Ferroan Platinum] Cabri, L. J., Laflamme, J. G., & Stewart, J. M. (1977). Platinum-group minerals from Onverwacht; II, Platarsite, a new sulfarsenide of platinum. The Canadian Mineralogist, 15(3), 385-388.
  • North West
    • Bojanala Platinum District
      • Brits (Brits District)
        • Mooinooi
[Palladium] http://www.sylvaniaplatinum.com/im/files/documents/slv_AR2013.pdf
[Platinum] [MinRec 18:193]; Ballhaus, C., & Sylvester, P. (2000). Noble metal enrichment processes in the Merensky Reef, Bushveld Complex. Journal of Petrology, 41(4), 545-561.
[Palladium] http://www.platmin.com/our-assets/pilansberg
[Palladium] http://www.platmin.com/our-assets/pilansberg
[Palladium] http://www.platmin.com/our-assets/pilansberg
[Palladium] http://www.platmin.com/our-assets/pilansberg
      • Rustenburg (Rustenburg District)
        • Boschfontein Farm
[Platinum] http://www.dmr.gov.za/publications/summary/121-directories/763-d1-operating-mines-information-2014.html
        • Frischgewaagd Farm
[Palladium] http://www.wesizwe.com/projects-key-facts-about-the-bakubung-platinum-mine.php
[Palladium] http://www.implats.co.za/implats/Impala-platinum.asp
        • Klipgat Farm
[Platinum] http://www.dmr.gov.za/publications/summary/121-directories/763-d1-operating-mines-information-2014.html
[Platinum] http://www2.nbm.co.za/icc/aquariusplatinum/kroondal.htm
        • Marikana
[Palladium] https://www.lonmin.com/downloads/media_centre/news/press/2014/Q2%202014%20Production%20Report%20-%2009052014%20-%20FINAL.pdf
[Palladium] http://aquariusplatinum.com/sites/aquariusplatinum.com/files/annual_results_2006.pdf
        • Paardekraal Farm
[Platinum] http://www.dmr.gov.za/publications/summary/121-directories/763-d1-operating-mines-information-2014.html
[Platinum] http://www.dmr.gov.za/publications/summary/121-directories/763-d1-operating-mines-information-2014.html
        • Royal Bafokeng
[Platinum] http://www.dmr.gov.za/publications/summary/121-directories/237-d3-gold-mines-2011.html
        • Rustenburg Town & Townlands Mine
[Platinum] http://www.dmr.gov.za/publications/summary/121-directories/763-d1-operating-mines-information-2014.html
[Platinum] http://www.dmr.gov.za/publications/summary/121-directories/763-d1-operating-mines-information-2014.html
[Platinum] http://www.dmr.gov.za/publications/summary/121-directories/763-d1-operating-mines-information-2014.html
[Platinum] http://www.dmr.gov.za/publications/summary/121-directories/763-d1-operating-mines-information-2014.html
        • Waterkloof Farm
[Platinum] http://www.dmr.gov.za/publications/summary/121-directories/763-d1-operating-mines-information-2014.html
        • Watervaal Farm
[Platinum] http://www.dmr.gov.za/publications/summary/121-directories/763-d1-operating-mines-information-2014.html
    • Dr Ruth Segomotsi Mompati District
      • Vryburg
[Platinum] www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/impacts97/pdf/6055.pdf.; Andreoli, M. A., Ashwal, L. D., Hart, R. J., Huizenga, J. M., & Ni, A. (1999). Ni-and PGE-enriched quartz norite impact melt complex in the Late Jurassic Morokweng impact structure, South Africa. Special Papers-Geological Society of America, 91-108.; Andreoli, M. A., Maier, W. D., McDonald, I., Barnes, S. J., Roelofse, F., Cloete, M. C., ... & Hart, R. J. (2008). Siderophile minerals in the melt Sheet of the Morokweng impact crater, South Africa: similarities and differences with the Sudbury deposits. In Large Meteorite Impacts and Planetary Evolution IV (Vol. 1423).
[Iridium] Minerals of South Africa
Spain
 
  • Andalusia
    • Málaga
      • Ojén
        • Ojén lherzolite massif
[Platinum] Gervilla Linares F(1990) Mineralizaciones magmáticas ligadas a la evolución de las rocas ultramáficas de la Serranía de Ronda (Málaga-Spain). Thesis Granada University Spain. 189 pages.
      • Ronda Massif
[Platinum] Romero Silva, JC (2003). Minerales y Rocas de la provincia de Málaga. Edited by Cedma. Malaga County Council 318 pg. 1 map
[Ruthenium] Gervilla, F., Gutiérrez-Narbona, R., & Fenoll-Hach-Alí, P. (2002). The origin of different types of magmatic mineralizations from small-volume melts in the lherzolite massifs of the Serranía de Ronda. Boletín de la Sociedad Espanola de Mineralogía, 25, 79-96.
  • Catalonia
    • Barcelona
      • Maresme
        • Fogars de la Selva
[Platinum] Joaquim Mollfulleda, Minerales, Omega, 1996
    • Tarragona
      • Conca de Barberà
        • Vimbodí
          • Poblet Monastery
[Palladium] C.. Canet et al. , The Canadian Mineralogist, 2003, V41, pp. 581-595
Sweden
 
  • Jönköping County
    • Vetlanda
      • Alseda
[Iridium] H.-J.Wilke: Die Mineralien und Fundstellen von Schweden.1997
Tanzania
 
  • Iringa Region
[Osmium] Evans, D. M., Barrett, F. M., Prichard, H. M., & Fisher, P. C. (2012). Platinum–palladium–gold mineralization in the Nkenja mafic–ultramafic body, Ubendian metamorphic belt, Tanzania. Mineralium Deposita, 47(1-2), 175-196.
Turkey
 
  • Aegean Region
    • Muğla Province
      • Muğla ophiolite
[Iridium] Uysal, İ., Tarkian, M., Sadiklar, M. B., Zaccarini, F., Meisel, T., Garuti, G., & Heidrich, S. (2009). Petrology of Al-and Cr-rich ophiolitic chromitites from the Muğla, SW Turkey: implications from composition of chromite, solid inclusions of platinum-group mineral, silicate, and base-metal mineral, and Os-isotope geochemistry. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 158(5), 659-674.
  • Mediterranean Region
    • Hatay Province
[Iridium] Kozlu, H., & Rudashevsky, N. V. (2010). Geochemistry of the platinum-group minerals (PGM) in the chromitites from Elbistan–Berit Mantle/Transition Zone and Kızıldağ (Hatay) Ophiolite, SE–S Turkey. In 11th International Platinum Symposium Ontario Geological Survey, Pdf Abstract Miscellaneous Release-Data (Vol. 269).
UK
 
  • England
    • Cornwall
      • Landewednack
[Platinum] [Golley & Williams, 1995, 48 - "Cornish Mineral Reference Manual"]; Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
[Platinum] [Golley & Williams, 1995, 48 - "Cornish Mineral Reference Manual"]
  • Scotland
    • Highland
      • Isle of Rum
[Iridium] Power, M.R., Pirrie, D., Andersen, J.C.O., and Butcher, A.R. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 762-775.
    • Shetland
[Osmium] Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
[Osmium] Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
[Osmium] Prichard, H. M., & Tarkian, M. (1988). Platinum and palladium minerals from two PGE-rich localities in the Shetland ophiolite complex. The Canadian Mineralogist, 26(4), 979-990.
[Iridium] Badanina, Inna Yu. and Malitch, Kreshimir N. and Lord, Richard A. and Belousova, Elena A. and Meisel, Thomas C. (2015) Closed-system behaviour of the Re-Os isotope system recorded in primary and secondary platinum-group mineral assemblages : evidence from a mantle chromitite at Harold's Grave (Shetland ophiolite complex, Scotland). Ore Geology Reviews, 75. pp. 174-185
    • South Ayrshire
[Platinum] Power, M. R., & Pirrie, D. (2004). Platinum-group minerals within the Ballantrae Complex, SW Scotland. Scottish Journal of Geology, 40(1), 1-5.
    • Stirling
      • Killin
[Platinum] Power, M. R., & Pirrie, D. (2000). Platinum-group element mineralization within ultramafic rocks at Corrycharmaig, Perthshire: implications for the origin of the complex. Scottish Journal of Geology, 36(2), 143-150.
Ukraine
 
  • Kirovohrad Oblast
[Platinum] Gurov, E. P., Shekhunova, S. B., & Permyakov, V. V. (2013) Accessory Minerals from Impact Melt Rocks of the Boltysh Structure, Ukraine. Native Metals and Alloys. In Lunar and Planetary Science Conference (Vol. 44, p. 1217).; Gurov, E. P., Shekhunova, S. B., & Permyakov, V. V. (2015). Accessory and opaque minerals in impact melt rocks of the Boltysh structure, Ukraine. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 50(6), 1139-1155.
USA
 
  • Alaska
    • Bethel Census Area
      • Aniak Mining District
[Platinum] U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
[Iridium] Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data 2018
[Platinum] U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
[Platinum] U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
[Platinum] U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
[Platinum] U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
[Platinum] U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
[Osmium] Canadian Mineralogist: 22: 543-552.
[Osmium] Snetsinger, K.G. (1973): Chromian Aluminian Magnetite and Two Rhodium Alloys in a Platinum Nugget from Goodnews Bay, Alaska. American Mineralogist: 58: 189-194
[Iridium] USGS Open-File Report 01-269
[Iridium] Fechner SA (1988) Mineral investigation of the Goodnews Bay mining district Alaska US Bureau of Mines Open File Report 1 88 230 p 2 sheets scales 1 250,000 1 63,360
[Iridium] USGS Open-File Report 01-269
[Platinum] U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
[Platinum] U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
[Platinum] U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
[Platinum] U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
[Iridium] USGS Open-File Report 01-269
[Iridium] U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
[Iridium] Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Min Mag (1997) 61:367-375
[Iridium] USGS Open-File Report 01-269
[Platinum] U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
    • Denali Borough
      • Bonnifield Mining District
[Platinum] U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
[Platinum] USGS OFR 98-287(Freeman,1998)
    • Haines
[Palladium] U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
[Palladium] U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
    • Ketchikan Gateway Borough
      • Ketchikan Mining District
[Iridium] U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
[Iridium] U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
[Iridium] U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
[Iridium] U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
[Iridium] U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
[Iridium] U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
    • Kusilvak Census Area
      • Marshall Mining District
[Platinum] U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
[Platinum] U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
[Platinum] U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
    • Matanuska-Susitna Borough
      • Anchorage Mining District
[Platinum] U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
      • Willow Creek Mining District
[Platinum] U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
      • Yentna Mining District
[Platinum] U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
[Platinum] U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
[Platinum] U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
[Platinum] U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
[Platinum] U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
[Platinum] U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
[Platinum] U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
[Platinum] U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
[Iridium] U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
[Platinum] U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
[Platinum] U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
[Platinum] U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
[Platinum] U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
    • Nome Census Area
      • Koyuk Mining District
[Platinum] U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
[Platinum] U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
[Platinum] U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
[Platinum] U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
[Platinum] U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
      • Port Clarence Mining District
[Platinum] U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
[Platinum] U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
    • Northwest Arctic Borough
      • Fairhaven Mining District
[Platinum] U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
[Platinum] U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
    • Southeast Fairbanks Census Area
      • Chistochina Mining District
[Iridium] U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
      • Eagle Mining District
[Platinum] U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
[Platinum] U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
[Platinum] U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
      • Valdez Creek Mining District
[Platinum] U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
    • Valdez-Cordova Census Area
      • Chistochina Mining District
[Platinum] U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
    • Yukon-Koyukuk Census Area
      • Anvik Mining District
[Platinum] U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
      • Circle Mining District
[Iridium] U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
      • Innoko Mining District
[Iridium] Alaska Geological Survey Public-data F i l e 89-20
[Palladium] U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
      • Koyukuk Mining District
[Platinum] U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
      • Ruby Mining District
[Platinum] U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
  • Arizona
    • Coconino County
      • Supai
[Platinum] USGS MRDS database file #10038174; Quiring, Heinrich (1962), Platinmetalle i die metallischen Rohstoffe, Band 16, Stuttgart, Ferdinand Enke Verlag: 245; Blake, W.P. (1900), Does platinum occur in Arizona?, Engineering and Mining Jour.: 69(Feb 24): 224.
    • Maricopa Co.
      • Gila River
        • Santo Domingo placers
[Platinum] Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 331; Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 153: 10.
      • Wickenburg Mts
        • San Domingo Mining District
          • San Domingo Wash
[Platinum] Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 153: 10.
    • Yavapai Co.
      • Bradshaw Mts (Bradshaw Range)
        • Hum Bug Mining District
[Platinum] Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 331; Guild (1910), The Mineralogy of Arizona, The Chemical Publishing Co., Easton, PA; Univ. of AZ Bull. 41 (1916-17), Mineralogy of Useful Minerals in AZ: 48; Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of AZ, AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 153: 10.
[Platinum] Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 331; Guild, F.N. (1910), The Mineralogy of Arizona, The Chemical Publishing Co., Easton, PA; Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 153: 10.
  • Arkansas
    • Saline Co.
[Ruthenium] Howard, 1987. Mineral Species of Arkansas, addenda
  • California
    • Butte Co.
      • Cherokee Mining District
[Osmium] Silliman, Benjamin, Jr. (1873c), On the probable existence of microscopic diamonds with zircons and topaz, in the sands of hydraulic washings in California: A.I.M.E. Transactions: 1: 132; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 229.
[Platinum] USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10310601.
      • Feather River
[Platinum var: Ferroan Platinum] Clark, Wm. B. (1970a) Gold districts of California: California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 193: 103-104; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 39.
[Platinum] Palache, C., Berman, H. & Frondel, C. (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, 7th. edition, Volume I: 108.
    • Calaveras Co.
      • Camanche Mining District
        • Campo Seco area
[Platinum] USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10038063.
        • Wallace
[Platinum] USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10038065.
      • East Belt
        • Mokelumne Hill Mining District
          • Mokelumne Hill
[Osmium] USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10028717.
      • Jenny Lind Mining District
        • Jenny Lind
[Platinum var: Ferroan Platinum] Logan, Clarence August (1918), Platinum and allied metals in California: California Mining Bureau. Bulletin 85, 120 pp.: 32-33; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 39.
[Platinum] USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10028546.
      • Mokelumne River
[Platinum] USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10038062.
      • Vallecito Mining District
        • Douglas Flat
[Platinum] USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10038060.
[Iridium] Norman King (cubic crystals with osmium from placer)
      • Coastal Range
        • Douglas Park
[Platinum] Logan, Clarence August (1918), Platinum and allied metals in California: California Mining Bureau. Bulletin 85, 120 pp.: 59-60; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California: 39.
[Platinum] Logan, Clarence August (1918), Platinum and allied metals in California: California Mining Bureau. Bulletin 85, 120 pp.: 60-61; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 41.
[Osmium] Hittell, John Sherzer (1868), The resources of California, 494 pp., San Francisco, A. Roman & Co.: 61; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 229.
      • Crescent City
[Platinum] Logan, Clarence August (1918), Platinum and allied metals in California: California Mining Bureau. Bulletin 85, 120 pp.: 41; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 41.
      • Klamath Mts
        • Craigs Creek Mountain
[Platinum] Logan, Clarence August (1918), Platinum and allied metals in California: California Mining Bureau. Bulletin 85, 120 pp.: 61-63; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 41.
[Platinum] Logan, Clarence August (1918), Platinum and allied metals in California: California Mining Bureau. Bulletin 85, 120 pp.: 61-63; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California: 41.
        • French Hill
[Platinum] Logan, Clarence August (1918), Platinum and allied metals in California: California Mining Bureau. Bulletin 85, 120 pp.: 58-59, 61-63; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 41.
        • Lower Coon Mountain
[Platinum] Logan, Clarence August (1918), Platinum and allied metals in California: California Mining Bureau. Bulletin 85, 120 pp.: 61-63; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 41.
[Platinum] Logan, Clarence August (1918), Platinum and allied metals in California: California Mining Bureau. Bulletin 85, 120 pp.: 63; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 41.
        • Signal Peak
[Platinum] Logan, Clarence August (1918), Platinum and allied metals in California: California Mining Bureau. Bulletin 85, 120 pp.: 61-63; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 41.
        • Washington Flat
[Platinum] Logan, Clarence August (1918), Platinum and allied metals in California: California Mining Bureau. Bulletin 85, 120 pp.: 59; Clark, Wm. B. (1970a) Gold districts of California: California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 193: 142-143; Clark, Wm. B. (1970b) Platinum: California Division Mines and Geology Mineral Information Service: 23(6): 115-122.
      • Smith River
[Platinum] Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 41.
    • El Dorado Co.
      • Cool
[Iridium] Logan, Clarence August (1918), Platinum and allied metals in California: California Mining Bureau. Bulletin 85, 120 pp.: 29; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 41.
    • Humboldt Co.
      • Big Lagoon [town]
        • Big Lagoon
[Platinum] Logan, Clarence August (1918), Platinum and allied metals in California: California Mining Bureau. Bulletin 85, 120 pp.: 41-42; Mertie, J.B. (1969) Economic geology of the platinum metals. USGS Professional Paper 630, 120 pp.: 93-94; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 41.
      • Coastal Range
        • Erner
[Platinum] Pacific Southwest Field Committee (PSFC) (1955), Natural Resources of NW California Geol. Mines Resources: figure 3; USGS MRDS database (2005), loc. file ID #10163720 & 10163720 (see note).
        • Johnsons
[Platinum] U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
      • Eureka
        • Humboldt Bay
[Osmium] Richthofen, Ferdinand [Baron von] (1865), Die Metall-Produktion Californiens und der angrenzenden Länden: Petermanns Mitt. Erganzungsband III, Erganzung Heft 14, 58 pp.: 46; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 229.
      • Klamath Mts
        • Hoopa Indian Reservation
          • Pekwuteu
[Platinum var: Ferroan Platinum] Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 63.
        • Somes Bar area
[Platinum] Logan, Clarence August (1918), Platinum and allied metals in California: California Mining Bureau. Bulletin 85, 120 pp.: 67; USGS MRDS database (2005).
[Platinum] Logan, Clarence August (1918), Platinum and allied metals in California: California Mining Bureau. Bulletin 85, 120 pp.: 64; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 41.
          • Orleans (Orleans Bar; New Orleans Bar)
[Platinum] Logan, Clarence August (1918), Platinum and allied metals in California: California Mining Bureau. Bulletin 85, 120 pp.: 65-66; USGS MRDS database (2005).
          • Weitchpec
[Platinum] Logan, Clarence August (1918), Platinum and allied metals in California: California Mining Bureau. Bulletin 85, 120 pp.: 65; USGS MRDS database (2005).
            • Klamath River
[Platinum var: Ferroan Platinum] Logan, Clarence August (1918), Platinum and allied metals in California: California Mining Bureau. Bulletin 85, 120 pp.: 65, 109; Mertie, J.B. (1969) Economic geology of the platinum metals. USGS Professional Paper 630, 120 pp.: 94; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 41.
[Platinum] Hanks, Henry Garber (1870), Diamonds in California: Mining and Scientific Press: 20: 162; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 169.
[Platinum] Logan, Clarence August (1918), Platinum and allied metals in California: California Mining Bureau. Bulletin 85, 120 pp.: 85; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 41.
          • Willow Creek (China Flat)
            • China Flat
[Osmium] Horton, Frederick W. (1912), Iridium in American placer platinum: Engineering & Mining Journal: 94: 873-875; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 229.
[Platinum] Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California: 39 & 44.
      • Moonstone
[Platinum] Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California: 41.
      • Orick Mining District
        • Orick
          • Gold Bluffs
[Platinum] Logan, Clarence August (1918), Platinum and allied metals in California: California Mining Bureau. Bulletin 85, 120 pp.: 41-42; Mertie, J.B. (1969) Economic geology of the platinum metals. USGS Professional Paper 630, 120 pp.: 93-94; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 41.
      • Stone Lagoon
[Platinum] Logan, Clarence August (1918), Platinum and allied metals in California: California Mining Bureau. Bulletin 85, 120 pp.: 41-42; Mertie, J.B. (1969) Economic geology of the platinum metals. USGS Professional Paper 630, 120 pp.: 93-94; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 41.
    • Mariposa Co.
      • East Belt
        • Hite Cove Mining District
          • Peachtree Bar
            • Devil Gulch
[Platinum] USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10038010 & 10139747.
[Platinum] Laizure, Clyde McK (1928), Mariposa, Madera Counties: California Journal of Mines and Geology, California Mining Bureau (Report 24): 24: 123; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 41.
      • Mother Lode Belt
        • Bagby-Mariposa-Mount Bullion-Whitlock Mining District
          • Whitlock Mining District
            • Whitlock (Farmer's Hope; Whitlock Creek; Whitlock Gulch)
[Platinum] USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10236802.
      • West Belt
        • Hayward
[Platinum] USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10038011.
[Platinum] USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10109518.
        • Hornitos Mining District
          • Quartzburg
            • Quartzburg School
[Iridium] Min Mag (1997) 61:367-375
    • Mendocino Co.
      • Coastal Range
        • Anderson Valley
          • Navarro River
[Iridium] Hanks, Henry Garber (1884), Fourth report of the State Mineralogist: California Mining Bureau. Report 4, 410 pp. (includes catalog of minerals of California pp. 63-410), and miscellaneous observations on mineral products): 310; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 149, 229.
        • Calpella
[Osmium] Logan, Clarence August (1918), Platinum and allied metals in California: California Mining Bureau. Bulletin 85, 120 pp.: 46-47; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 41.
      • Oasis
        • McDowell Creek
[Platinum] Logan, Clarence August (1918), Platinum and allied metals in California: California Mining Bureau. Bulletin 85, 120 pp.: 44-47; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 41.
    • Merced Co.
      • Cressey
[Platinum var: Ferroan Platinum] Sjoberg, J. and Gomes, J.M. (1980) Platinum-group minerals in California alluvial deposits. US Bureau of Mines, Reno Research Center, unpublished manuscript: 15; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 41, 43.
      • Snelling Mining District
        • Snelling
[Platinum] USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10115844.
          • Merced River
[Platinum var: Ferroan Platinum] Sjoberg, J. and Gomes, J.M. (1980) Platinum-group minerals in California alluvial deposits. US Bureau of Mines, Reno Research Center, unpublished manuscript: 15; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 41, 43.
[Platinum] USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10116094.
[Platinum] USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10261218.
[Platinum] USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10187794.
[Platinum] USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10139921.
    • Nevada Co.
      • North San Juan Mining District
        • North San Juan
[Iridium] Sjoberg, J. and Gomes, J.M. (1980) Platinum-group minerals in California alluvial deposits. US Bureau of Mines, Reno Research Center, unpublished manuscript: 15, figure 1; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 45.
      • Rough-and-Ready Mining District
        • Rough and Ready
[Platinum] USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10109519.
    • Placer Co.
      • Emigrant Gap Mining District (Blue Canyon Mining District)
        • Blue Canyon
[Platinum] USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10038015.
        • Texas Hill
[Osmium] Genth, Frederick Augustus (1852), On some minerals which accompany gold in California: Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia Proceedings: 6: 113-114; […(abstract): Neues Jahrb.: 68-69 (1855)]: 113; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 229.
      • Grizzly Bear House
[Platinum] Logan, Clarence August (1918), Platinum and allied metals in California: California Mining Bureau. Bulletin 85, 120 pp.: 29-30, 109; Logan, Clarence August (1927), Amador County, Placer County: California Mining Bureau. Report 23: 284; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California: 43.
      • Lincoln Mining District
        • Lincoln
[Platinum] USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10212953.
    • Plumas Co.
      • Middle Fork of Feather River area
        • Little Volcano
[Platinum] Hanks, Henry Garber (1884), Fourth report of the State Mineralogist: California Mining Bureau. Report 4, 410 pp.: 310; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 291.
[Platinum] Edman, J.A. (1898), The platinum metals of Plumas County, California: Mining and Scientific Press: 77: 401; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 291, 401; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 43.
    • Sacramento Co.
      • Folsom Mining District
        • Folsom
[Platinum var: Ferroan Platinum] Sjoberg, J. and Gomes, J.M. (1980) Platinum-group minerals in California alluvial deposits. US Bureau of Mines, Reno Research Center, unpublished manuscript: 15, figure 1; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 43.
[Platinum] USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10189116.
[Platinum] USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10103627.
        • Rancho Cordova
[Platinum] USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10164685.
      • Michigan Bar Mining District
        • Bridge House
[Platinum] Logan, Clarence August (1918), Platinum and allied metals in California: California Mining Bureau. Bulletin 85, 120 pp.: 30-31, 109; Mertie, J.B. (1969) Economic geology of the platinum metals. USGS Professional Paper 630, 120 pp.: 94; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 43; Clark, Wm. B. (1970b) Platinum: California Division Mines and Geology Mineral Information Service: 23(6): 115-123.
    • San Joaquin Co.
[Platinum] Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 39.
        • Dogtown
[Iridium] Sjoberg, J. and Gomes, J.M. (1980) Platinum-group minerals in California alluvial deposits. US Bureau of Mines, Reno Research Center, unpublished manuscript: 15, figure 1; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 43.
    • Santa Barbara Co.
      • Lompoc
[Platinum] Clark, William B., Gold Districts of California : Calif. Div. Mines and Geology Bulletin 193, 1970, p.181
    • Shasta Co.
      • Cottonwood Creek
[Osmium] Mining and Scientific Press (1901), Tin in California: Mining and Scientific Press: 82: 209; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 229.
      • Gas Point
[Platinum] Averill, C.V. (1938), Gold dredging in Shasta, Siskiyou and Trinity counties: California Journal of Mines and Geology, California Division Mines (Report 34): 34(2): 119-120; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 43.
      • Klamath Mts
        • Harrison Gulch Mining District
          • Platina
USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10038066.
[Osmium] USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10286939; U.S. Bureau of Mines, Western Field Operations Center (WFOC), Minerals Information Listing Service (MILS); (MILS-WFOC) production files.
[Platinum] Averill, C.V. (1946), Placer mining for gold in California: California State Division of Mines and Geology Bulletin 135, 336 p.: Pl. 4; USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10189374.
        • West Shasta Copper - Zinc Mining District
          • Iron Mountain [town]
            • Iron Mountain
[Platinum] Logan, Clarence August (1918), Platinum and allied metals in California: California Mining Bureau. Bulletin 85, 120 pp.: 93; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 43.
      • Redding Mining District
        • Girvan
[Platinum] USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10038068; U.S. Bureau of Mines, Western Field Operations Center (WFOC), Minerals Information Listing Service (MILS); (MILS-WFOC) production files.
        • Redding
[Platinum var: Ferroan Platinum] Sjoberg, J. and Gomes, J.M. (1980) Platinum-group minerals in California alluvial deposits. US Bureau of Mines, Reno Research Center, unpublished manuscript: 15, figure 1; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 43.
    • Siskiyou Co.
      • Klamath Mts
        • Cottonwood Mining District
          • Henley (Cottonwood)
[Platinum] California Division of Mines Bulletin 105: 188.
        • Dillon Creek Mining District
          • Blue Nose Bluff
[Platinum] Logan, Clarence August (1918), Platinum and allied metals in California: California Mining Bureau. Bulletin 85, 120 pp.: 68.
        • Forks of Salmon
[Iridium] Logan, Clarence August (1918), Platinum and allied metals in California: California Mining Bureau. Bulletin 85, 120 pp.: 66-67, 78-79; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 43.
        • Klamath River Mining District
          • Seiad Valley [town]
[Platinum] Clark, Wm. B. (1970b) Platinum: California Division Mines and Geology Mineral Information Service: 23(6): 115-122.
        • Offield Mountain
[Platinum] Logan, Clarence August (1918), Platinum and allied metals in California: California Mining Bureau. Bulletin 85, 120 pp.: 77-80; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 43-44.
        • Somes Bar
          • Sugarloaf
[Iridium] Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 44.
        • Yoakumville
[Iridium] Logan, Clarence August (1918), Platinum and allied metals in California: California Mining Bureau. Bulletin 85, 120 pp.: 66-67; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 43.
[Platinum] U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    • Stanislaus Co.
      • Hughson
[Platinum var: Ferroan Platinum] Sjoberg, J. and Gomes, J.M. (1980) Platinum-group minerals in California alluvial deposits. US Bureau of Mines, Reno Research Center, unpublished manuscript: 15, figure 1; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 44.
[Iridium] Sjoberg, J. and Gomes, J.M. (1980) Platinum-group minerals in California alluvial deposits. US Bureau of Mines, Reno Research Center, unpublished manuscript: 15, figure 1; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 44.
      • La Grange
[Platinum] Logan, Clarence August (1918), Platinum and allied metals in California: California Mining Bureau. Bulletin 85, 120 pp: 33; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California: 44.
    • Tehama Co.
      • Klamath Mts
        • Beegum
[Platinum var: Ferroan Platinum] Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 44.
[Platinum] Clarence August Logan (1919) Platinum and Allied Metals in California. California State Mining Bureau Bulletin 85
        • Burnt Ranch
[Platinum] USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10038037.
        • Del Loma
[Platinum] USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10165840.
        • Hawkins Bar
[Platinum] USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10305179.
[Iridium] Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 45.
          • Grassy Mountain
[Platinum] Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 39, 45.
          • Hayfork
[Iridium] USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10305135.
[Platinum] Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California: 39, 45.
          • Peanut
[Platinum] Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 39, 45.
[Platinum] Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 39, 45; USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10109532.
        • Ironside Mountain
[Platinum] USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10141429; U.S. Bureau of Mines, Western Field Operations Center (WFOC), Minerals Information Listing Service (MILS), (MILS-WFOC) production files.
        • Junction City Mining District
          • Junction City
[Iridium] Harvard University spec. 100263
[Osmium] USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10190235; U.S. Bureau of Mines, Western Field Operations Center (WFOC), Minerals Information Listing Service (MILS), (MILS-WFOC) production files.
            • Red Hill
[Platinum] USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10141902 & 60000941.
[Platinum] Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 291.
[Iridium] Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 45.
        • Minersville Mining District
          • Estrellita
[Platinum] USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10287586.
          • Minersville
[Platinum] USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10038047.
        • Salmon Mts
          • New River Mining District
            • Hoboken
[Platinum] USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10190635.
            • New River
[Ruthenium] Tony Nikischer
            • Virgin Creek Buttes
[Platinum] O’Brien, J.C. (1965) Mines and mineral resources of Trinity County, California. Caifornia Division of Mines and Geology County Report 4: 125 pp.: 94.; USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10263018.
          • North Fork Mining District
            • Helena
[Platinum] USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10190666; U.S. Bureau of Mines, Western Field Operations Center (WFOC), Minerals Information Listing Service (MILS), (MILS-WFOC) production files.
[Osmium] Alfredo Petrov collection; Excalibur Mineral Co. analyses
        • South Fork Trinity River
[Platinum] Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 44.
        • Trinity Center
[Iridium] Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 290.
        • Trinity Village
[Platinum] Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 39, 44; USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10038045.
        • Weaverville District
          • Douglas City
[Platinum] USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10190234; U.S. Bureau of Mines, Western Field Operations Center (WFOC), Minerals Information Listing Service (MILS), (MILS-WFOC) production files.
[Platinum var: Ferroan Platinum] Sjoberg, J. and Gomes, J.M. (1980) Platinum-group minerals in California alluvial deposits. US Bureau of Mines, Reno Research Center, unpublished manuscript: 15; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 45.
          • Weaverville
[Platinum] Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 291.
        • Willow Creek Mining District
          • Salyer
[Iridium] USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10109530.
[Platinum] Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 39, 44.
[Osmium] U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
[Platinum] USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10214608.
[Platinum] USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10238739.
    • Tuolumne Co.
      • Stanislaus
[Osmium] Genth, Frederick Augustus (1852), On some minerals which accompany gold in California: Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia Proceedings: 6: 113; Genth, Frederick Augustus (1852), On a probably new element with iridosmine and platinum from California: Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia Proceedings: 6: 209, 247; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 229.
    • Yolo Co.
      • Putah Creek Mining District
        • Winters
[Platinum] Logan, Clarence August (1918), Platinum and allied metals in California: California Mining Bureau. Bulletin 85, 120 pp.: 50-51; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 45.
    • Yuba Co.
      • Hammonton Mining District (Yuba River Mining District)
        • Hammonton
[Platinum var: Ferroan Platinum] Sjoberg, J. and Gomes, J.M. (1980) Platinum-group minerals in California alluvial deposits. US Bureau of Mines, Reno Research Center, unpublished manuscript: 15; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 45.
  • Colorado
    • Boulder Co.
[Platinum] Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckel
    • Chaffee Co.
[Platinum] Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckel
    • Clear Creek Co.
      • Georgetown District
[Iridium] Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.; U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 223
    • Hinsdale Co.
[Platinum] Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckel
    • La Plata Co.
      • La Plata Mining District (California Mining District)
        • La Plata
[Palladium] Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
    • Lake Co.
      • Granite Mining District
[Platinum] Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckel
[Platinum] Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckel
[Platinum] Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckel
    • Park Co.
      • Como Mining District
[Platinum] Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckel
      • Mosquito Mining District
[Platinum] Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckel
    • Pitkin Co.
[Platinum] Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckel
    • Saguache Co.
      • Liberty Mining District (Music Mining District)
[Platinum] Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckel
    • San Miguel Co.
[Platinum] Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckel
    • Summit Co.
      • Breckenridge Mining District
[Iridium] Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
[Iridium] Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
  • Georgia
[Platinum] Minerals of Georgia: Their properties and occurrences GGWRD Bull 92
[Platinum] Minerals of Georgia: Their properties and occurrences GGWRD Bull 92
    • Lumpkin Co.
      • Dahlonega
        • Auraria
[Platinum] Minerals of Georgia: Their properties and occurrences GGWRD Bull 92
[Platinum] Minerals of Georgia: Their properties and occurrences GGWRD Bull 92
  • Idaho
    • Adams Co.
      • Meadows Mining District
[Platinum] U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    • Bingham Co.
      • Snake River Area
[Platinum] U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    • Blaine Co.
      • Snake River Area
[Platinum] U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    • Boise Co.
      • Idaho City Mining District
        • Illinois Creek Area
[Platinum] U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    • Bonneville Co.
      • Mount Pisgah Mining District
        • Caribou City-Stump Creek Area MLA
[Platinum] U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    • Elmore Co.
      • Red Warrior Mining District
[Platinum] U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    • Gem Co.
      • Westview Mining District
[Platinum] U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    • Owyhee Co.
      • Rough Mountain Mining District
[Platinum] U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
  • Maine
    • Franklin Co.
      • Dallas Plantation
[Platinum] King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, v.1.
  • Maryland
    • Montgomery Co.
      • Potomac
[Platinum] Minerals of the Washington, D.C. Area
      • Rockville
[Palladium] Minerals of Washington D.C. Area; L.R. Bernstein
  • Montana
    • Deer Lodge Co.
      • Gold Coin Mining District
[Platinum] U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    • Granite Co.
      • South Boulder Creek Mining District (Princeton Mining District)
[Platinum] U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
[Platinum] U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    • Ravalli Co.
      • Mineral Point Mining District
[Palladium] U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    • Stillwater Co.
[Palladium] Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240.
[Palladium] Canadian Mineralogist (1975) 13:321-335
  • Nevada
    • Clark Co.
      • New York Mts
        • Crescent Mining District
[Osmium] NBMG ofr 88-1
      • Spring Mts
        • Goodsprings Mining District
[Platinum] [Hewett, D (1931) Geology and Ore Depositsof the Goodsprings Quadrangle, Nevada; USGS PP 162]
[Iridium] NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
[Platinum] [Hewett, D (1931) Geology and Ore Depositsof the Goodsprings Quadrangle, Nevada; USGS PP 162]
[Platinum] NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
[Platinum] [Hewett, D (1931) Geology and Ore Depositsof the Goodsprings Quadrangle, Nevada; USGS PP 162]
      • Virgin Mts
        • Bunkerville Mining District
          • Whitney Pocket Basin
[Palladium] NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • New Mexico
    • Sierra Co.
[Iridium] Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
[Osmium var: Iridosmine] U.S. Geological Survey (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
  • New York
    • Clinton Co.
[Platinum] Collier, P. (1881) A remarkable platinum nugget. American Journal of Science: 122: 123-124.
    • Montgomery Co.
      • Mohawk Township
[Platinum] John Parnell (1988) Native platinum in pyrobitumen from Fonda, New York. American Mineralogist, 73, 1170-1171.
  • North Carolina
[Palladium] Genth,Frederick Augustus.,1891,The Minerals Of North Carolina;USGS Bulletion No.74
    • Jackson Co.
      • Webster-Balsam
[Palladium] Edwin H.Bentzen III (1971) Platinum Group Content Of Some Western North Carolina Chromites
[Platinum] Mineral Commodity Files, Asheville Regional Office, North Carolina Geological Survey
[Platinum] Gems and Minerals of America -Jay Ellis Ransom-1974
[Platinum] Mineral Commodity Files, Asheville Regional Office, North Carolina Geological Survey
[Palladium] Genth, F.A (1891) The Minerals Of North Carolina: USGS Bulletion No.74
[Platinum] Genth,F.A.,1891,The Minerals Of North Carolina:USGS Bulletion No.74
  • Oregon
    • Baker Co.
      • Greenhorn Mining District
[Platinum] U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    • Coos Co.
      • Beach Area
[Platinum] U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
[Platinum] U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
[Iridium] U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
[Iridium] Bird, J. M., and W. A. Bassett (1980), Evidence of a Deep Mantle History in Terrestrial Osmium-Iridium-Ruthenium Alloys, J. Geophys. Res., 85(B10), 5461–5470.
    • Curry Co.
      • Beach Area
[Osmium] U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
      • Sixes River Mining District
[Osmium] U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
[Osmium] U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    • Jackson Co.
      • Applegate Mining District
[Iridium] Min Mag (1997) 61:367-375
      • Gold Hill Mining District
[Platinum] U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    • Josephine Co.
      • Greenback Mining District (Upper Grave Creek Mining District)
[Platinum] U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
      • Illinois River Mining District
[Iridium] Oregon Metal Mines Handbook, 1952, Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries: Bulletin No. 14-C, Vol. 2, Section 1 - Josephine Co., 2nd Edition, page 122.
[Platinum] Oregon Metal Mines Handbook, 1952, Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries: Bulletin No. 14-C, Vol. 2, Section 1 - Josephine Co., 2nd Edition, page 142.
      • Josephine Creek Mining District
[Iridium] Oregon Metal Mines Handbook, 1952, Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries: Bulletin No. 14-C, Vol. 2, Section 1 - Josephine Co., 2nd Edition, page 134.
[Iridium] www.geo.cornell.edu/geology/faculty/Bird.html.
[Iridium] Oregon Metal Mines Handbook, 1952, Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries: Bulletin No. 14-C, Vol. 2, Section 1 - Josephine Co., 2nd Edition, page 123.
      • Lower Grave Creek Mining District
[Platinum] Oregon Metal Mines Handbook, 1952, Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries: Bulletin No. 14-C, Vol. 2, Section 1 - Josephine Co., 2nd Edition, page 25.
      • Sailor Diggings Mining District
[Platinum] Oregon Metal Mines Handbook, 1952, Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries: Bulletin No. 14-C, Vol. 2, Section 1 - Josephine Co., 2nd Edition, page 211.
      • Takilma Mining District
        • Bailey Mine/Waldo Area Placers
[Platinum] Oregon Metal Mines Handbook, 1952, Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries: Bulletin No. 14-C, Vol. 2, Section 1 - Josephine Co., 2nd Edition, page 191.
        • O'Brien
[Platinum] Rocks & Min.: 17:131.
      • Waldo Mining District
[Platinum] U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
  • Pennsylvania
    • Chester Co.
      • State Line Chromite Mining District
[Iridium] Smith and Barnes (2011) Pennsylvania Geology v. 41, no. 3/4.
    • Lancaster Co.
      • State Line Chromite Mining District
[Iridium] Smith and Barnes (2011) Pennsylvania Geology Fall/Winter 2011; Smith and Barnes (2011) Pennsylvania Geology v. 41, no. 3/4.
[Platinum] [MinRec 10:359]
  • Utah
    • Emery Co.
      • Green River Placers
[Platinum] U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    • Garfield Co.
      • Colorado River Placers
[Platinum] U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
[Platinum] UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
    • Salt Lake Co.
      • Oquirrh Mts
        • Bingham Mining District (West Mountain Mining District)
[Palladium] James R. Wilson (1995) A Collector's Guide to Rock, Mineral, & Fossil Localities of Utah UGS Miscellaneous Publication 95-4
    • San Juan Co.
      • Colorado River Placers
[Platinum] U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    • Uintah Co.
      • Green River Placers
[Platinum] U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
[Platinum] U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
  • Vermont
    • Windsor Co.
[Platinum] Rocks & Min. Vol. 71, (1996)
  • Virginia
[Platinum] Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
    • Pittsylvania Co.
[Platinum] Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
  • Washington
    • Chelan Co.
      • Blewett Mining District (Peshastin Mining District)
        • Negro Creek Mining District
          • Negro Creek
[Platinum] Minerals of Washington, Bart Cannon, 1975
      • Leavenworth Mining District
        • Leavenworth
[Platinum] Ref: Inventory of Washington Minerals, Part II, Metalic Minerals, Vol. 1; Marshall T. Huntting, 1956
      • Mad River
[Platinum] Minerals of Washington, Bart Cannon, 1975
    • Clallam Co.
      • Cape Flattery Mining District
        • Makah Bay
[Osmium] Metal Mines of Washington-Preliminary Report; Derkey, Joseph, Lasmanis
        • Ozette
[Platinum] Metal Mines of Washington-Preliminary Report; Derkey, Joseph, Lasmanis
        • Sand Point
[Platinum] Ref:Inventory of Washington Minerals, Part II, Metalic Minerals, Vol. 1; Marshall T. Huntting, 1956
      • Cape Johnson
[Platinum] Minerals of Washington, Bart Cannon 1975
      • La Push
[Platinum] Minerals of Washington, Bart Cannon 1975
      • Quillayute River
[Platinum] Metal Mines of Washington-Preliminary Report; Derkey, Joseph, Lasmanis
    • Grays Harbor Co.
      • Moclips Beach
[Platinum] Inventory of Washington Minerals, Part II, Metalic Minerals, Vol. 1; M. Huntting, 1956
    • Kittitas Co.
      • Cle Elum River
[Platinum] Minerals of Washington, Bart Cannon, 1975
    • Okanogan Co.
      • Okanogan
[Platinum] Inventory of Washington Minerals, Part II, Metalic Minerals, Vol. 1; M. Huntting, 1956
      • Similkameen River
[Platinum] Minerals of Washington, Bart Cannon, 1975
    • Skagit Co.
      • Anacortes
[Platinum] Inventory of Washington Minerals, Part II, Metalic Minerals, Vol. 1; M. Huntting, 1956
    • Whatcom Co.
      • Slate Creek Mining District
        • Harts Pass
[Platinum] Metal Mines of Washington-Preliminary Report; R. Derkey, N. Joseph, R. Lasmanis, 1990
  • Wisconsin
    • Pierce Co.
      • Rock Elm
        • Nugget Lake County Park
[Platinum] http://wgnhs.uwex.edu/minerals/platinum/
  • Wyoming
    • Albany Co.
[Platinum] Rocks & Minerals 76:382
[Iridium] In the collections of Jason McAvoy and Brent Thorne.
      • Medicine Bow Mts
[Platinum] Rocks & Minerals 76:382
      • New Rambler Mining District
[Platinum] Econ Geol (1988) 83:492-510
Zimbabwe
 
  • Masvingo
    • Chiredzi mining district (Hartley mining district)
      • Chiredzi
[Platinum] LIU, J., JIN, S. and WANG, Y. (2014), The Occurrence of Useful Components in Platinum-Palladium Deposit in the Great Dyke, Zimbabwe. Acta Geologica Sinica, 88: 1466–1467
[Platinum] Oberthür, T., Weiser, T. W., Gast, L., & Kojonen, K. (2003). Geochemistry and mineralogy of platinum-group elements at Hartley Platinum Mine, Zimbabwe. Mineralium Deposita, 38(3), 327-343.
  • Midlands
    • Gweru District (Gwelo District)
[Iridium] Rocks & Minerals (1955) 30:464-471
The Moon
 
  • Mare Fecunditatis
[Platinum] Gornostaeva T.A., Kartashov P.M., Mokhov A.V., Bogatikov O.A. (2012) Native rhodium-bearing ferroplatinum in the Lunar regolith sample from the Mare Fecundidatis, - Doklady Earth Sciences, 444(2), p. 770-772.
 
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