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Robert A "Bucco" Van Nordstrand
colorless, coral pink ...
Vitreous, Pearly
For Robert A. Van Nordstrand (Feb. 17, 1918 - Feb. 6, 2000 San Rafael Marin County California, USA), Sinclair Research Laboratories, Harvey, Illinois, USA, who synthesized the compound in 1956, later named for him, then transferred to the natural mineral.
This page provides mineralogical data about Nordstrandite.

Classification of Nordstrandite

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)

4 : OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodates)
F : Hydroxides (without V or U)
E : Hydroxides with OH, without H2O; sheets of edge-sharing octahedra

3 : X(OH)3

7 : Oxides and Hydroxides
6 : Oxides of Al

Physical Properties of Nordstrandite

Vitreous, Pearly
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Transparent, Opaque
pearly on cleavage
colorless, coral pink and reddish brorn
reddish brown due to included goethite
Hardness (Mohs):
basal {110}
2.43 - 2.436 g/cm3 (Measured)    2.45 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of Nordstrandite

Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.580(4) nβ = 1.580(4) nγ = 1.596(4)
Measured: 24° , Calculated: 44°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.016
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
r < v moderate

Chemical Properties of Nordstrandite

Elements listed in formula:

Crystallography of Nordstrandite

Crystal System:
Class (H-M):
1 - Pedial
Space Group:
Cell Parameters:
a = 5.08 Å, b = 5.12 Å, c = 4.98 Å
α = 93.67°, β = 118.92°, γ = 70.27°
a:b:c = 0.992 : 1 : 0.973
Unit Cell Volume:
V 105.94 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
thick tabular crystals.
Non-standard unit-cell setting
X-Ray Powder Diffraction Data:
4.789 (100)
4.322 (12)
4.207 (10)
2.392 (9)
2.263 (15)
2.016 (8)
1.9008 (8)

Occurrences of Nordstrandite

Type Occurrence of Nordstrandite

Place of Conservation of Type Material:
Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto, Canada, M145608; Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 108353; National Museum of Natural History, Washington, D.C., USA, 117275, 145608.
Geological Setting of Type Material:
sinkholes in limestones

Relationship of Nordstrandite to other Species

4.FE.40Vernadite(Mn4+,Fe3+,Ca,Na)(O,OH)2 · nH2O
4.FE.45QuetzalcoatliteZn6Cu3(TeO6)2(OH)6 · AgxPbyClx+2y
7.6.8Akdalaite5Al2O3 · H2O

Other Names for Nordstrandite

Name in Other Languages:

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Nordstrandite

Reference List:
Wall, J.R.D., E.B. Wolfenden, E.H. Beard, and T. Deans (1962): Nordstrandite in soil from West Sarawak, Borneo. Nature, 196, 264–265.

Hathaway, J.C. and S.O. Schlanger (1962): Nordstrandite from Guam. Nature, 196, 265–266.

American Mineralogist (1963): 48: 214.

Saalfeld, H. and O. Jarchow (1968): Die Kristallstruktur
von Nordstrandite, Al(OH)3. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Abhandlungen, 109, 185-191.

Chao, G.Y. and J. Baker (1982): Nordstrandite from Mont St-Hilaire, Quebec. Can. Mineral., 20, 77–85.

Internet Links for Nordstrandite URL:
Please feel free to link to this page.

Localities for Nordstrandite

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
AmMin 60:285-291 (1975)
  • Carinthia
    • Hohe Tauern
      • Hafner group
        • Pölla valley
          • Zanaischg (Zaneischg)
A.Pichler (2009)
  • Lower Austria
    • Waldviertel
      • Mühldorf
        • Amstall
GOLDMANN, Christoph & LÖFFLER, Erwin (2008): Die Mineralienfundstellen des Graphitbergbaues Amstall, NÖ.- Mefos, 19/35, 4-34, A-D, Wien.
  • Salzburg
    • Hohe Tauern
      • Rauris valley
        • Hüttwinkl valley
          • Grieswies - Krumlkeeskopf area
Walter, F. (2009)
  • Styria
    • Bad Gleichenberg
      • Wilhelmsdorf
Alker, A., Golob, P., Postl, W. & Waltinger, H. (1981): Hydrotalkit, Nordstrandit und Motukoreait vom Stradner Kogel, südlich Gleichenberg, Steiermark. Mitt.-Bl. Abt. Mineral. Landesmuseum Joanneum 49, 1-13.; R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
  • Cochabamba Department
    • Ayopaya Province
Alfredo Petrov collection; Laszlo Horvath collection
  • Santa Catarina
Norberto Dani et al (2001) Nordstrandite in Bauxite Derived from Phonolite, Lages, Santa Catarina, Brazil Clays and Clay Minerals, 49:216-226
  • Ontario
    • Hastings Co.
      • Dungannon Township
Sabina, A.P. (1982): Some rare minerals of the Bancroft area. Mineralogical Record 13 (4), 226-228
  • Québec
    • Montérégie
      • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
        • Mont Saint-Hilaire
Chao, G.Y. and Baker, J. (1982), Nordstrandite from Mont St-Hilaire, Quebec. Canadian Mineralogist: 20: 77-85.
      • Lajemmerais RCM
        • Varennes & St-Amable
          • Saint-Amable sill
HORVÁTH, L. (2010) The minerals of the Saint-Amable sill: an update. MICRONEWS 44(4), 23-28.
    • Montréal
      • Mont Royal
Tarassoff collection
  • Saskatchewan
D. M. Egan (1986) The Occurrence of Scarbroite at Muskiki Lake, Saskatchewan, Canada. Mineralogical Magazine 50:180
AmMin 60:285-291 (1975)
Czech Republic
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Karlovy Vary Region
      • Karlovy Vary (Karlsbad; Carlsbad)
        • Děpoltovice
Sejkora J., Jebavá I., Plášil J., Bureš B., Tvrdý J.: Nordstrandit z lomu v Děpoltovicích u Karlových Varů (Česká republika). Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 2010, roč. 18, č. 1, s. 33-41.
      • Žlutice (Luditz)
Černý, P. et al.: Mokrá u Žlutic, lokalita gibbsitu, böhmit a zeolitů. Minerál, 2002, roč. 10, č. 6, s. 403 - 408.
  • Bavaria
    • Franconia
      • Maroldsweisach
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Niederberg area
      • Wülfrath
        • Rohdenhaus
Schnorrer-Köhler, G. (1991): Mineralogische Notizen V. Aufschluss 42, 155-171.
    • Siegerland
      • Eiserfeld
Henrich, J. M. (1998): Die Königin der Eisensteingruben. Die Grube Eisenzecher Zug bei Eiserfeld im Siegerland – ein Fundort begehrter Mineralien. Mineralien-Welt 9 (5), 16-35.
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Eifel
      • Daun
        • Üdersdorf
Hentschel, G., Die Minerale der Üdersdorfer Lava, Lapis, Weise Verlag, München, 11/1989
      • Mayen
        • Ettringen
          • Bellerberg volcano
[Hentschel, G., Neue Mineralfunde aus Vulkanvorkommen der Eifel, Mainzer geowiss. Mitt. 11, 87-90, 1982] [Lapis, 15 (5), 9-36]
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirge
      • Niederschlag-Bärenstein District
        • Bärenstein
T. Witzke (1994): Neufunde aus Sachsen (II): Nordstrandit vom Bärenstein bei Annaberg in Sachsen.- Lapis 19, 10, 36-39
  • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
    • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
      • Lavrion District Mines
        • Agios Konstantinos [St Constantine] (Kamariza)
          • Kamariza Mines (Kamareza Mines)
No reference listed
  • Kujalleq
    • Narsaq
      • Igaliku (Igaliko)
        • Narsaarsuk Plateau
Petersen Ole V.,Secher K.(1985) - Gronland: Mineralien, Geologie, Geschichte. - Verlag Bode & Partner K.G., Bochum, 87 pagg./ Petersen, O.V., Johnsen, O. & Leonardsen, E.S. (1976): Nordstrandite from Narssârssuk, Greenland. Mineralogical Record 7, 78-82
Guam (TL)
  • Lamlan Ridge
Nature,(1962) 196, 265-266; Am Min 50:1029-1037
Am Min 50:1029-1037
  • Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén Co.
    • Aggteleki Mts
      • Aggtelek
Kovács-Pálffy, P., Velledits, F., Kónya, P., Földvári, M., & Sólymos, K. G. (2008). Nordstrandite, a new occurrence from Hungary. Acta Mineralogica-Petrographica, 48, 43-48.
Szakáll S.,2007; Kovács-Pálffy, P., Velledits, F., Kónya, P., Földvári, M., & Sólymos, K. G. (2008). Nordstrandite, a new occurrence from Hungary. Acta Mineralogica-Petrographica, 48, 43-48.
  • Liguria
    • Genova Province
      • Ne
        • Graveglia Valley
          • Reppia
analysed by Dr. Anthony Kampf, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, USA
  • Trentino-Alto Adige (Trentino-Südtirol)
    • Bolzano Province (South Tyrol)
      • Adige Valley (Etsch Valley)
Vannucci S. –(1975) Su un nuovo ritrovamento di nordstrandite a Terlano (Bolzano). Periodico di mineralogia – Roma, pp. 55-67
Exel, R. (1987): Guida mineralogica del Trentino e del Sudtirolo. Athesia, Bolzano, 204 pp.
  • Tuscany
    • Massa-Carrara Province
      • Apuan Alps
Orlandi P., Franzini M., 1994. I minerali del marmo di Carrara. Amilcare Pizzi S.p.A., Milano. ; Orlandi, P. & Criscuolo, A. (2009). Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Pacini editore, Pisa, 180 pp.
  • Veneto
    • Vicenza Province
      • Schio
        • Tretto
          • Val Munari
            • Contrade Maglio-Pornaro
Saccardo, D., Zordan, A. (2002): Il giacimento metamorfico di contatto di Maglio-Pornaro al Tretto di Schio (Vicenza). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 26, 4 (4-2002), 234-236; Boscardin, M., Zordan, A. (2004): Chantalite di Val Munari: valori spettrofotometrici nell'infrarosso. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 28, 3 (3-2004), 161-164; Boscardin, M., Daleffe, A., Rocchetti, I., Zordan, A. (2011): Minerali del Vicentino - Aggiornamenti, località e nuove determinazioni. Museo di Archeologia e Scienze Naturali “G. Zannato”, Montecchio Maggiore (Vicenza), 183 pp.; Zordan, A. (2014): Provincia di Vicenza. In: Zorzi, F., Boscardin, M., (eds.), Minerali del Veneto. Alla scoperta dei tesori della nostra regione. Museo di Storia Naturale e Archeologia di Montebelluna - Treviso, Cierre Edizioni, Sommacampagna, 173-246.
AmMin 60:285-291 (1975)
  • Honshu Island
    • Kanto Region
      • Gunma Prefecture
        • Fujioka
American Mineralogist (1986): 71, 1022-1027.
  • Kostanay Province (Qostanay Oblysy; Kostanai Oblast')
    • Rudny
Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
Malaysia (TL)
  • Borneo
    • Sarawak
      • Kuching
        • Bau
Wall J R D, Wolfenden E B, Beard E H, Deams T (1962) Nordstrandite in soil from West Sarawak, Borneo, Nature, 196, 264-265
  • Adrar Region
Guillaumen Matton (2008) Le Complexe Crétacé Du Rlchat (Mauritanie); Un Processus Alcalin Péri-Atlantiqu. PhD Thesis University of Montreal.
AmMin 60:285-291 (1975)
  • Telemark
    • Porsgrunn
      • Langesundsfjorden
        • Siktesøya
Larsen, A.O. & Raade, G. (1991): Gaidonnayite from the nepheline syenite pegmatite on Siktesøya in the southern part of the Oslo Region, norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift. 71: 303-306
      • Mørje
        • Sagåsen
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 pp.
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 pp.
  • Vestfold
    • Larvik
      • Hedrum
        • Lågendalen
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 pp.
      • Malerød
Nordrum, F.S. (2012): Noen funn av mineraler i Norge 2011-2012. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter. 49, 117-124; Peter Andresen collection
Peter Andresen collection.
Knut Edvard Larsen collection # MM- 6310 ( Ex- Svein A Berge collection 2010)
      • Tvedalen
Knut Edvard Larsen collection # MM- 6393
  • Upper Silesia (Śląskie)
    • Upper Silesian Coal Basin
      • Rybnik Coal Area
        • Radlin
Łukasz Kruszewski (2012) Unique chloride assemblage of exhalative origin from burning coal-mining dump in Radlin (Rybnik Coal Area, S Poland). Mineralogical Society of Poland Special Papers 40
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Krasnoyarsk Territory (Krasnoyarsk Kray; Krasnoyarskii Krai)
      • Enisei Range (Yenisei Ridge; Enisei Ridge)
  • Northern Region
    • Murmanskaja Oblast'
      • Kola Peninsula
        • Khibiny Massif
          • Kukisvumchorr Mt
Lapis 29(1), 47 (2004)
Zaitsev, A.N., Men'shikov, Yu.P., Yakovenchuk, V.N. [Зайцев, А.Н., Меньшиков, Ю.П., Яковенчук, В.Н.] (1992): Barium zeolites of the Khibiny alkaline massif [Бариевые цеолиты Хибинского щелочного массива]. Zapiski Vserossiiskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva [Записки Всероссийского Минералогического Общества], 121, 2, 54-61 (in Russian); Zaitsev, A.N. (1996): Rhombohedral carbonates from carbonatites of the Khibina massif, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Canadian Mineralogist, 34, 453-468; Yakovenchuk, V.N., Ivanyuk, G.Yu., Pakhomovsky, Ya.A., Men'shikov, Yu.P. (2005): Khibiny. Laplandia Minerals Ltd. (in association with the Mineralogical Society of Great Britain and Ireland), Apatity, 468 pp.
      • Northern Karelia
Specimen from Dr. Igor Pekov, Moscow State University
  • Balearic Islands
    • Majorca
      • Llucmajor
Onac, B.P., Fornós, J.J., Merino, A., Ginés, J., Diehl, J. (2014): Linking mineral deposits to speleogenetic processes in Cova des Pas de Vallgornera (Mallorca, Spain). International Journal of Speleology, 43, 2, 143-157.
  • Canary Islands
    • Las Palmas Province
      • Lanzarote
        • Haría
Strasser, A., Kirchner, E., (2006): Minerale aus einem Alkali-Basalt-Differentiat vom Risco Famara, Lanzarote, Kanarische Inseln, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 57, 335-338
  • Catalonia
    • Barcelona
      • Baix Llobregat
        • Gavà
          • Bruguers
Bareche, E (2005) "Els minerals de Catalunya. Segle XX" Ed. Grup Mineralògic Català, Barcelona, 269 p.
  • England
    • East Sussex
  • Colorado
AmMin 60:285
      • Piceance Creek Basin
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
  • Montana
    • Mineral Co.
Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240.
  • New Mexico
    • Eddy Co.
      • Carlsbad
NMBMMR New Mexico Mineral symposium (2002) pp. 6-7
    • Otero Co.
      • Cornudas Mts
Jerry Cone Collection
  • Utah
    • Duchesne Co.
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
    • Uintah Co.
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
  • Wyoming
    • Sweetwater Co.
MILTON, C. (1977): Mineralogy of the Green River Formation. Mineralogical Record 8, 368-379.
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